CN101483559A - Monitoring method for distributed IPTV service transmission quality - Google Patents

Monitoring method for distributed IPTV service transmission quality Download PDF

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CN101483559A
CN101483559A CN 200810032347 CN200810032347A CN101483559A CN 101483559 A CN101483559 A CN 101483559A CN 200810032347 CN200810032347 CN 200810032347 CN 200810032347 A CN200810032347 A CN 200810032347A CN 101483559 A CN101483559 A CN 101483559A
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iptv service
information
network
quality
monitoring
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CN 200810032347
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CN101483559B (en
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冯国华
李孝华
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上海未来宽带技术及应用工程研究中心有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a distributed IPTV service transmission quality monitoring method, and the method is used for monitoring the quality of IPTV service flow carried by a large-scale IP network and influence of the network on the IPTV service flow. The invention adopts a central server and a plurality of IPTV service quality monitoring instruments, a bypass for network data is provided at the access end of an IPTV service quality monitoring instrument, a packet-grabbing analysis of network data is performed in the situation that the network is assured to be run normally; data having important reference sense to the quality of the IPTV service is found out through processing and analyzing bulk information; the central server and the IPTV service quality monitoring instruments are communicated with each other through a network protocol capable of realizing semantic analysis, and safety of the transmission of information can be assured by adopting an information safety assuring system; network fault generating points and bottleneck points of network performance can be identified intelligently through the analyzing of monitored data, and corresponding solutions can also be provided.

Description

一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法 The method of monitoring transmission quality of a distributed IPTV service

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及IPTV业务质量监测技术,特别是涉及一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法。 The present invention relates to an IPTV service quality monitoring technology, and more particularly to a method for monitoring the quality of the IPTV services distributed transmission.

背景技术 Background technique

在IPTV客户量不断增加,IPTV业务流不断增加的情况下,为保证网络的正常运行,给用户良好的体验,需要为网络运营商以及终端用户提供电信运营级的监管服务。 In the ever-increasing amount of IPTV customers, growing IPTV traffic flow situation, in order to ensure the normal operation of the network, giving users a good experience, the need to provide carrier-class monitoring services for network operators and end users.

目前的网络监测系统大多只能简单监测链路带宽,可以在上面看到某些端口号数据占用多少带宽,但是它没有办法针对业务流进行统计和分析。 Most of the current network monitoring system can simply monitor the link bandwidth, you can see how much bandwidth data takes some port number on it, but it is no way to statistics and analysis of traffic flows. 其采用的监测方案主要是园区集中式监测系统方案。 Monitoring program which uses the main campus centralized monitoring system solutions. 园区集中式监测系统方案是指通过网管中心收集各个网络设备端口的流量信息进行统计。 Park centralized monitoring system solution means to collect traffic information of each network device ports through management center statistics. 其优点是结构简单, 投资成本相对较低。 The advantage is a simple structure, the investment cost is relatively low. 缺点是直接对数据流进行监测,容易对网络质量产生影响; 不适合对大规模及高速接入网实时监测与管理,容易导致网络管理的盲点;不适合对复杂网络进行监测;不便于统一管理,无法实时了解整个网络的状况; 需管理员逐个园区管理,维护成本高;网络规模越来越大以后,数据的统一与一致性管理问题将会暴露出来。 The disadvantage is that direct data flow monitoring, easy to have an impact on network quality; not suitable for large-scale and high-speed access network real-time monitoring and management, network management easily lead to blind spots; not suitable for complex network monitoring; not facilitate unified management can not understand the real-time status of the entire network; require administrator-by park management, high maintenance costs; after the network size is growing, unified and consistent management of data will be exposed. 可见,传统的监测系统成本虽低,但投资将无法得到保证。 Visible, traditional monitoring systems cost was low, but the investment can not be guaranteed.

综上所述,传统监测系统存在的主要问题如下: In summary, the main problems of traditional monitoring systems as follows:

1、 无法在不对网络运行产生影响状况下,对网络进行监测; 1, does not produce the network operating under the influence of the situation, the network monitoring;

2、 无法对大流量网络以及网络承载业务流进行实时监测; 2, can not be real-time monitoring of network traffic as well as a large network to carry traffic;

3、 无法适应网络结构复杂、网络规模扩大的需求; 3, unable to adapt to the complex network structure, network scale requirements;

4、 管理复杂,维护成本较高。 4, complex management, higher maintenance costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题就是为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺陷而提 The present invention solves the technical problem is to solve the problems of the prior art and mentioned above

4供一种 4 for one kind

本发明的目的可以通过以下技术方案来实现: 一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: The object of the present invention may be achieved by the following technical solution: A method for monitoring the quality of the IPTV services distributed transmission, characterized by comprising the steps of:

(1) 设置中心服务器; (1) Set the center server;

(2) 在网络监测点布置IPTV业务质量监测仪,在其接入端对网络数据进行旁路; (2) is arranged IPTV service quality monitor monitoring point in the network, bypassing the network access data in its end;

(3) 中心服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪连接建立,并备份IPTV业务质量监测仪的基本信息; (3) IPTV service center server and monitor the quality of the connection is established, and a backup basic information of the IPTV service quality monitor;

(4) 中心服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪的工作参数进行配置; (4) the operating parameters of the central server to monitor the quality of IPTV service configuration;

(5) IPTV业务质量监测仪进入信息监测模式,将监测到的质量信息进行上报,并对该信息进行本地保存; (5) IPTV service quality monitoring information into the monitor mode, the monitored quality information report, and the information is stored locally;

(6) 中心服务器实时显示接收到的质量信息,便于管理员查看当前网络状态,同时对质量信息进行统一备份; (6) the central server in real-time displays the received quality information to facilitate network administrators to view the current status, and the quality of information for unified backup;

(7) 当IPTV业务质量监测仪满足工作模式切换条件时,进入故障诊断工作模式,IPTV业务质量监测仪采集本地的IPTV业务流信息,进行初步的统计分析后,将IPTV业务流统一上传至中心服务器; (7) When the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to meet the operational mode switching condition, enter the fault diagnosis working mode, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument collects local IPTV service flow information, a preliminary statistical analysis of the IPTV service stream unity uploaded to the center server;

(8) 中心服务器对上传的IPTV业务流信息进行分析后,对故障进行定位, 下发故障诊断策略; (8) IPTV service center server to upload information flow analysis, locate the fault, issued fault diagnosis strategy;

(9) IPTV业务质量监测仪根据诊断策略进行故障排査,故障排除后,向中央服务器发送故障排除信息; (9) IPTV service quality monitoring instrument for diagnostic troubleshooting strategy, troubleshooting, troubleshooting information transmitted to the central server;

(10) 中央服务器对故障排除信息进行确认; (10) central server troubleshooting information for confirmation;

(11) IPTV业务质量监测仪收到确认信息后,重新切换到信息监测工作模式。 After (11) IPTV service quality monitor receives the confirmation message to switch back to monitor mode.

所述的基本信息包括IPTV业务质量监测仪的IP地址、监测仪编号信息。 IP address of the basic information including the IPTV service quality monitor, the monitor number information. 所述的工作参数包括信息上报周期、时钟周期、待监测的IPTV业务流、 各个业务流的报警门限阈值。 The operating parameters include information reporting cycle, clock cycle, the IPTV service stream to be monitored, the door of each traffic flow alarm limit threshold.

与现有技术相比,本发明具有以下优点: Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

1.能适合对大规模接入网IPTV业务流进行监测与管理,保证监测的实时性、全面性、有效性;2. 能对不同IPTV业务流制订不同的监测指标,实现有针对性、人性化的 1. Can be suitable for large-scale IPTV access network traffic flow monitoring and management, ensure real-time monitoring, comprehensiveness and effectiveness; 2 can develop different monitoring indicators for different IPTV service streams to achieve a targeted, user-friendly of

3. 维护容易,管理员在中央服务器端可实现对全网实时监测,了解整个网络所承载的IPTV业务流质量状况; 3. Maintenance is easy, the administrator at the central server enables real-time monitoring of the entire network to understand the flow of IPTV service quality status of the entire network carried;

4. 与其他运营子系统接口容易实现; 4. subsystem interfaces with other operators easy to implement;

5. 系统可扩展性强,能适应不断发展的宽带接入网规模,保护投资; The scalable system that can adapt to the evolving broadband access network scale, the protection of investments;

6. 系统可伸縮性强,当系统扩充时,不会影响宽带业务运营的进行; 6. The system scalability is strong, when the expansion of the system, this does not affect the broadband services;

7. 用户数据集中存放在中心机房服务器,保证数据的统一维护; 7. The user data is stored centrally in the central server room, to ensure the maintenance of a unified data;

8. 由于中央服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪均有各自的数据库,只需实现关键数据的互为备份与一致即可,在保证系统可靠同时能减少了各分系统的数据维护量。 8. Since the central server and the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument has its own database, just to achieve mutual backup agreement with key data, to ensure system reliability while reducing the amount of data maintenance for each subsystem.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的流程图; Figure 1 is a flowchart of the present invention;

图2为本发明的IPTV业务质量监测仪的旁路示意图; 图3为本发明的实施例的示意图。 Bypass schematic IPTV service quality monitor of the present invention. FIG. 2; 3 a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图对本发明作进一步说明。 DRAWINGS The invention will be further described below in connection.

如图l、 2,所示, 一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法,包括以下步骤: FIG. L, 2, shown in a distributed transmission quality monitoring method of the IPTV service, comprising the steps of:

(1) 设置中心服务器; (1) Set the center server;

(2) 在网络监测点布置IPTV业务质量监测仪,在其接入端对网络数据进行旁路; (2) is arranged IPTV service quality monitor monitoring point in the network, bypassing the network access data in its end;

(3) 中心服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪连接建立,并备份IPTV业务质量监测仪的基本信息; (3) IPTV service center server and monitor the quality of the connection is established, and a backup basic information of the IPTV service quality monitor;

(4) 中心服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪的工作参数迸行配置; (4) the operating parameters of the central server IPTV service quality monitoring instrument into line configuration;

(5) IPTV业务质量监测仪进入信息监测模式,将监测到的质量信息进行上报,并对该信息进行本地保存;(6) 中心服务器实时显示接收到的质量信息,便于管理员査看当前网络状态,同时对质量信息进行统一备份; (5) IPTV service quality monitoring information into the monitor mode, the monitored quality information report, and the information is stored locally; (6) the central server in real time displays the received quality information, allows the administrator to view the current network state, while the quality of information for unified backup;

(7) 当IPTV业务质量监测仪满足工作模式切换条件时,进入故障诊断工作模式,IPTV业务质量监测仪采集本地的IPTV业务流信息,进行初步的统计分析后,将IPTV业务流统一上传至中心服务器; (7) When the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to meet the operational mode switching condition, enter the fault diagnosis working mode, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument collects local IPTV service flow information, a preliminary statistical analysis of the IPTV service stream unity uploaded to the center server;

(8) 中心服务器对上传的IPTV业务流信息进行分析后,对故障进行定位, 下发故障诊断策略; (8) IPTV service center server to upload information flow analysis, locate the fault, issued fault diagnosis strategy;

(9) IPTV业务质量监测仪根据诊断策略进行故障排査,故障排除后,向中央服务器发送故障排除信息。 (9) IPTV service quality monitoring instrument troubleshooting diagnostic strategies, troubleshooting, troubleshooting information is sent to the central server.

(10) 中央服务器对故障排除信息进行确认。 (10) the central server to confirm troubleshooting information.

(11) IPTV业务质量监测仪收到确认信息后,重新切换到信息监测工作模式。 After (11) IPTV service quality monitor receives the confirmation message to switch back to monitor mode.

所述的基本信息包括IPTV业务质量监测仪的IP地址、监测仪编号信息; 所述的工作参数包括信息上报周期、时钟周期、待监测的IPTV业务流、各个业务流的报警门限阈值。 The basic information includes the IPTV service quality monitor IP address, monitor number information; said operating parameters include information reporting cycle, clock cycle, the IPTV service stream to be monitored, the door of each traffic flow alarm limit threshold.

本发明采用一个中央服务器和多个IPTV业务质量监测仪设备,IPTV业务质量监测仪设备布控于网络重要结点,通过网络与中央服务器相连接,IPTV 业务质量监测仪将监测到的IPTV业务质量信息上报给中央服务器,中央服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行配置、管理。 The present invention uses a central server and a plurality of IPTV service quality monitor device, IPTV service quality surveillance equipment to monitor important network node is connected via a network to a central server, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument will monitor the quality information to the IPTV service reported to the central server, the central server of the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to configure, manage. 针对传统技术存在的缺陷,本发明提出相应的解决方案: For the defects of the conventional art, the present invention proposes a solution corresponding to:

1、 在IPTV业务质量监测仪接入端对网络数据进行旁路,旁路设备(TAP) 支持监测仪对应接口类型,以在线速率全面访问网络,达到对网络无干扰、无延时监测。 1, in the IPTV service quality monitor access to the network terminal data bypass, a bypass device (TAP) interface type corresponding to the monitor support to full access to the network line rate, to the network without interference, without delay monitoring. 其旁路设备连线图如图2所示,业务质量监测仪通过光电装换器与旁路设备(TAP)相连接。 Bypass connection apparatus shown in Figure 2, is connected to monitor the quality of service by the photoelectric converter means and the bypass device (TAP).

2、 采用千兆级的网络抓包硬件,以及高性能的分析处理环境,以达到对监测的实时性的要求。 2, using capture gigabit network hardware, and high-performance analysis processing environment to meet the requirements of real-time monitoring.

3、 可以通过增加监测点个数,改变监测点位置的方法,达到适应网络拓展、适应网络情况复杂的要求,对网络各个结点全面监测的目的。 3, by increasing the number of monitoring points, changing the position of the monitoring methods, to adapt the network to expand to meet the requirements of network complexity, comprehensive monitoring of the various nodes in the network object.

4、 管理员在中央服务器端对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行统一管理,降低维护成本。 4, administrator for unified management of IPTV service quality monitoring instrument at the central server, reduce maintenance costs.

IPTV业务质量监测仪在网络中处于对等的地位,可通过中心服务器实现信息交互,协作监测。 IPTV service quality monitoring device in the network of equal status, information exchange can be achieved through a central server, collaborative monitoring. 中央服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪之间的通信釆用信息安全保证系统确保信息传输的安全性。 Preclude communication between the central server and the IPTV service quality information for security assurance monitor system to ensure the security of information transmission. IPTV业务质量监测仪具有两种主要的工作模式:信息监测模式和故障诊断模式。 IPTV service quality monitoring instrument has two main operating modes: information mode monitoring and fault diagnosis mode. 当网络运营情况正常,IPTV业务质量监测仪通常运行在信息监测模式下,上报统计信息,对网络性能和IPTV业务质量进行监测;当IPTV业务质量出现异常,IPTV业务质量监测仪切换到故障诊断模式下,上报故障IPTV业务流,帮助用户定位并分析网络故障。 When the network operator normal, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument typically run in information monitoring mode, report statistics on network performance and IPTV service quality monitoring; when the abnormality IPTV service quality occurs, IPTV service quality monitor is switched to the failure diagnosis mode , the reported failure IPTV traffic flow to help users locate and analyze network faults. IPTV业务质量监测仪由信息监测模式切换到故障诊断模式的触发条件有:1、监测系统管理员手工触发;2、 IPTV业务质量监测仪监测到IPTV业务质量指标超过预定的报警阀值;3、 IPTV业务质量监测仪检测到网络中监测系统的各个组成部分的交互出现异常。 IPTV service quality information monitored by the monitor mode is switched to the failure diagnosis mode trigger conditions: 1, the monitoring system administrator to manually trigger; 2, monitor the quality of IPTV service to the IPTV service quality monitoring index exceeds a predetermined alarm threshold; 3, IPTV service quality monitor detects various components of the interactive network monitoring system abnormal. 为了确保各分布式监测点协同一致的工作,监测系统通过NTP时钟服务器及相应协议,同步各个监测点的计算时钟,确保一致性。 In order to ensure that the monitoring points distributed concerted work, the monitoring system through NTP server and the corresponding protocol, counting the clock synchronization of the individual monitoring points, to ensure consistency.

实施例 Example

高性能宽带信息专项(3Tnet专项)是国务院2001年8号文批准的国家重大科技工程项目。 Special high-performance broadband information (3Tnet special) is No. 8, 2001 the State Council approved the national major scientific and technological projects. 3TNet于2005年10月15日试运营,系统运行状况自2005 年ll月14日开始记录。 3TNet 2005 October 15 trial operation, the health system since 2005 ll February 14 to begin recording. 3TNet网络流媒体业务主要包括VOD(网络视频点播)、 IPTV (基于IP网络的电视)、VoIP (IP电话)、上网业务。 3TNet network streaming media services including VOD (VOD), IPTV (IP-based television network), VoIP (IP telephony), Internet business. 从整体效果来看, 网络可靠性尚需提高,服务质量尚需改善,随着客户量不断增加,业务流不断增加,网络面临更大考验。 From the overall point of view, still need to improve network reliability, quality of service still need to improve, along with the increasing volume of customers, increasing traffic flows, the network is facing greater challenges. 因此,需要一个监测系统为网络可靠运行提供保障。 Therefore, a network monitoring system to provide protection for reliable operation. 图3为本实施例:采用本发明的3TNet流媒体业务监测系统的示意图。 Example 3 of the present embodiment: a schematic 3TNet streaming service monitoring system according to the present invention is employed. 在对3Tnet进行IPTV业务质量监测过程中,需要对不同网段的消息(信令)、视频流与音频流进行分析,因此就必须设置不同网段的监测点。 Out of 3Tnet for IPTV service quality monitoring process, the need for different segments of messages (signaling), video stream and audio stream are analyzed, and therefore must be provided to monitor different network points. 在实际的IPTV业务质量监测规划中,监测点主要分成3Tnet终端接入点与3Tnet接入网接入点这两种类型。 In the actual IPTV service quality monitoring plan, monitoring point 3Tnet terminal is divided into an access network access point and the access point 3Tnet both types. 3Tnet终端接入点对应于10/100M电口, 3Tnet接入网接入点对应于1G或10G单模光口,所以系统采用支持该接口的TAP来旁路数据流量。 3Tnet terminal corresponding to the access point 10 / 100M electrical port, 3Tnet access network access point corresponding to the single-mode optical port 1G or 10G, so the system uses the data traffic to bypass the TAP to support the interface. TAP型号为DATACOM 10/100 1X1 Copper Tap。 TAP model DATACOM 10/100 1X1 Copper Tap. 通过对数据包大小为64〜1518字节的情况进行旁路测试,我们得出结论:TAP旁路实现了无需断开链路,即可动态插入网络进行监测和分析的设备;不会干扰帧到达的时间,也不会造成错误帧统计不全,提供全面的网络透视;不可见、无干扰地访问网络; 以在线速率全面地访问网络流量;提供"端口镜象"用于网络分析的功能。 By 64~1518 where packet size of bytes bypassing test, we conclude that: TAP bypass achieved without having to disconnect the link, to the network device for dynamically inserting the monitoring and analysis; does not interfere with the frame time of arrival, it will not cause an error frame incomplete statistics, provides comprehensive network perspective; not visible, interference-free access to the network; online access to the full rate of network traffic; provide "port mirroring" feature for network analysis.

3TNet监测系统采用Linux软件系统平台,Intel E1000-7.2.7网卡实现千兆级的网络实时抓包,通过对旁路数据包进行捕获、解包分析,得到需要的网络质量信息以及网络承载的业务状态信息。 3TNet monitoring system uses Linux software platform, Intel E1000-7.2.7 achieve gigabit network card real-time capture, bypassed by the capture of data packets, packet analysis solution to give the desired network quality and network information service carried status information.

IPTV业务质量监测仪与中央服务器之间的通信采用IPFIX协议,实现了基于语义的协议分析,满足监测系统传输信息多样性的要求。 IPFIX communication protocol employed between the IPTV service quality monitor with a central server, implemented based on semantic analysis protocol, the transmission information monitoring system to meet the diversity requirement. 中央服务器与IPTV 业务质量监测仪之间的通信采用国际最新的信息安全保证标准一ISO1540S (Common Criteria,通用准则)指导系统,以确保信息传输的安全性。 Communication between the central server and the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument using the latest international information security standards to ensure a ISO1540S (Common Criteria, Common Criteria) guidance system to ensure the security of information transmission.

如图l所示,本实施例3TNet监测系统的具体监测步骤如下: As shown in Specific Example 3TNet monitoring step monitoring system according to the present embodiment as shown in FIG l:

(1) 在网络中心设置中心服务器,确定中心服务器的IP地址; (1) is provided at the central hub server, determine the IP address of the central server;

(2) 在网络重要结点布置IPTV业务质量监测仪,IPTV业务质量监测仪在网络上获取自身IP地址后,通过协议向中心服务器发送建立连接请求; (2) is arranged IPTV service quality monitor important node in the network, the IPTV service quality monitor acquires its own IP address on the network, transmitting a connection setup request to the center server by the protocol;

(3) 中心服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪发送连接确认信息,连接建立; 中央服务器端数据库对建立连接的IPTV业务质量监测仪的IP地址、监测仪编 (3) connected to the central server sends the IPTV service quality monitor acknowledgment information, connection establishment; central database server for the IP address from an IPTV service quality monitor connected, ed monitor

号信息等基本信息备份; And other basic information backup number information;

(4) 中央服务器根据IPTV业务质量监测的具体需要,对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行配置;配置内容包括IPTV业务质量监测仪的信息上报周期,时钟周期,要进行监测的IPTV业务流,各个业务流的报警门限阈值等。 (4) The central server according to the specific needs of IPTV service quality monitoring, IPTV service quality monitor configuration; configuration including information reporting cycle, clock cycle IPTV service quality monitor, to conduct IPTV traffic flow monitor, each traffic flow the alarm threshold levels for the like.

(5) IPTV业务质量监测仪进入信息监测工作模式,对网络带宽、时延、 丢包、乱序等网络状态信息以及所要监测的IPTV业务流信息进行统计、分析, 从而计算出当前IPTV业务传输质量指标,如:抖动丢帧、压縮率、IR (IPTV 业务综合评定指标)等,其中IR是一种由网络质量对视频影响参数得出的视频质量综合评定指标,其取值范围为0〜5,依次代表了由差到好的视频质量优劣程度。 (. 5) IPTV service quality monitoring information into the monitor mode, the network bandwidth, delay, packet loss, disorder and other network state information and the IPTV service flow information to be monitored for statistical analysis to calculate the current transmission IPTV services quality indicators, such as: dither frame loss, compression ratio, IR (comprehensive evaluation index the IPTV service) and the like, wherein the network is an IR video parameters affecting the quality of the video quality appraisal derived index which ranges from 0 ~ 5, followed by the representatives of the poor to good video quality level of the merits. IPTV业务质量监测仪对网络质量统计信息、IPTV业务质量信息进行上报,对信息进行本地保存; IPTV service quality monitor network quality statistics, IPTV service quality information be reported, the information is stored locally;

(6) 中央服务器接收IPTV业务质量信息。 (6) the central server receives the IPTV service quality information. 对接收到的信息数据实时显示, 便于管理员查看当前网络状态,同时对数据进行统一备份; Real-time information received data display for easy network administrators to view the current status, and data unified backup;

(7) 当IPTV业务质量监测仪满足工作模式切换条件时,进入故障诊断工作模式,IPTV业务质量监测仪采集本地的IPTV业务流信息,进行初步的统计分析后,将IPTV业务流统一上传至中心监测服务器,在中心监测服务器端对故障IPTV业务流在全网的状况进行统计与分析; (7) When the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to meet the operational mode switching condition, enter the fault diagnosis working mode, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument collects local IPTV service flow information, a preliminary statistical analysis of the IPTV service stream unity uploaded to the center server monitoring, fault IPTV traffic flow statistics and analysis on the situation in the center of the whole network monitoring server;

(8) 中央服务器对上报的IPTV业务流信息进行分析后,对故障进行定位, (8) after the central server to the IPTV service flow information reported by the analysis of the fault location,

下发故障诊断策略; Issued fault diagnosis strategy;

(9) IPTV业务质量监测仪根据诊断策略进行故障排查,或等待管理员人工解除故障,故障排除后,向中央服务器发送故障排除信息; (9) IPTV service quality monitoring instrument for troubleshooting diagnostic strategy, or wait for the administrator to manually resolve your problem, troubleshooting, troubleshooting information is sent to the central server;

(10) 中央服务器对故障排除信息进行确认; (10) central server troubleshooting information for confirmation;

(11) IPTV业务质量监测仪收到确认信息后,重新切换到信息监测工作模式。 After (11) IPTV service quality monitor receives the confirmation message to switch back to monitor mode.

步骤(1)〜(3)是IPTV业务质量监测仪发现过程,如果需要在网络上安插新的IPTV业务质量监测仪,重复此操作即可,操作流程简单,能够适应网络规模扩大,同时能根据具体需要进行具体监测。 Step (1) to (3) is an IPTV service quality monitor discovery process, the new placement if desired IPTV service quality monitor on the network, to repeat this operation, the operation flow is simple, can adapt to network scale, same time, according specific needs specific monitoring.

步骤(4)的配置可以实现根据具体监测需求,实现对不同网络性能、IPTV 业务流指标的监测,实现监测的人性化、合理化。 Configuration Step (4) may be implemented according to the needs of specific monitoring, implementation of monitoring the performance of different networks, IPTV service flow index, humanize monitoring rationalization.

步骤(5)〜(6)是对网络正常状态下,对网络、业务流质量信息的监测, 管理员可根据所有监测点的监测信息了解当前网络的整体状况。 Step (5) to (6) Is the network under normal conditions, of the network, monitoring traffic flow quality information, the administrator can understand the current status of the entire network based on the monitoring information of all the monitoring points.

步骤(7)〜(10)是对网络故障的诊断,中央服务器可根据需要对报警IPTV业务质量监测仪下发诊断指令,也可以对与报警监测仪临近的IPTV业务质量监测仪下发诊断指令,实现IPTV业务质量监测仪的协同故障诊断。 Step (7) to (10) is a diagnostic network failure, the central server may need to send diagnostic commands may be issued diagnosis under the alarm monitor neighboring IPTV service quality monitor command an alarm IPTV service quality monitor of to achieve IPTV service quality monitoring instrument of collaborative troubleshooting.

Claims (3)

1. 一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:(1)设置中心服务器;(2)在网络监测点布置IPTV业务质量监测仪,在其接入端对网络数据进行旁路;(3)中心服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪连接建立,并备份IPTV业务质量监测仪的基本信息;(4)中心服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪的工作参数进行配置;(5)IPTV业务质量监测仪进入信息监测模式,将监测到的质量信息进行上报,并对该信息进行本地保存;(6)中心服务器实时显示接收到的质量信息,便于管理员查看当前网络状态,同时对质量信息进行统一备份;(7)当IPTV业务质量监测仪满足工作模式切换条件时,进入故障诊断工作模式,IPTV业务质量监测仪采集本地的IPTV业务流信息,进行初步的统计分析后,将IPTV业务流统一上传至中心服务器;(8)中心服务器对上传的IPTV业务流信息进行分析后, CLAIMS 1. A method of monitoring transmission quality of distributed IPTV services, characterized by comprising the steps of: (1) Set the center server; (2) arranged in a network monitoring points IPTV service quality monitor, at the end of its access network bypassing data; (3) IPTV service center server and monitor the quality of the connection is established, and a backup basic information of the IPTV service quality monitor; (4) the operating parameters of the central server to monitor the quality of IPTV service configuration; (5) IPTV service quality monitoring information into the monitor mode, the monitored quality information report, and the information is stored locally; (6) the central server in real time displays the received quality information, allows the administrator to view the current status of the network, while quality information unified backup; (7) when the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to meet the operational mode switching condition, enter the fault diagnosis working mode, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument collects local IPTV service flow information, a preliminary statistical analysis, IPTV unified business flow uploaded to the central server; (8) server to upload the center of IPTV traffic flow information analysis, 故障进行定位,下发故障诊断策略;(9)IPTV业务质量监测仪根据诊断策略进行故障排查,故障排除后,向中央服务器发送故障排除信息。 Locating faults, fault diagnosis strategy issued; (9) IPTV service quality monitoring instrument for diagnostic troubleshooting strategy, troubleshooting, troubleshooting information transmitted to the central server. (10)中央服务器对故障排除信息进行确认。 (10) the central server to confirm troubleshooting information. (11)IPTV业务质量监测仪收到确认信息后,重新切换到信息监测工作模式。 After (11) IPTV service quality monitor receives the confirmation message to switch back to monitor mode.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法,其特征在于,所述的基本信息包括IPTV业务质量监测仪的IP地址、监测仪编号〈曰息o The method of monitoring transmission quality of a distributed IPTV services claim, wherein the basic information includes an IP address of the IPTV service quality monitor, the monitor ID <o said information
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的一种分布式IPTV业务传输质量的监测方法, 其特征在于,所述的工作参数包括信息上报周期、时钟周期、待监测的IPTV业务流、各个业务流的报警门限阈值。 The monitoring method of claim 12 or a distributed transmission quality of IPTV services claim, wherein said operating parameters include information reporting cycle, clock cycle, the IPTV service stream to be monitored, the respective traffic flow the threshold levels for the alarm.
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