CN201142691Y - IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system - Google Patents

IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201142691Y
CN201142691Y CN 200820054514 CN200820054514U CN201142691Y CN 201142691 Y CN201142691 Y CN 201142691Y CN 200820054514 CN200820054514 CN 200820054514 CN 200820054514 U CN200820054514 U CN 200820054514U CN 201142691 Y CN201142691 Y CN 201142691Y
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iptv service
monitoring
network
iptv
service quality
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CN 200820054514
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冯国华
李孝华
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上海未来宽带技术及应用工程研究中心有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system which comprises a centre server and an IPTV service quality monitor. The IPTV service quality monitor is connected with the centre server through an IPTV broad band network. Compared with the prior art, the utility model is suitable for monitoring or managing large-scaled access network IPTV traffic streams, and ensures timelessness, comprehensiveness and effectiveness of monitoring.

Description

一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统 One kind of IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及IPTV业务质量监测技术,特别是涉及一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统。 The present invention relates to an IPTV service quality monitoring, particularly to a transmission IPTV service quality monitoring system.

背景技术 Background technique

在IPTV客户量不断增加,IPTV业务流不断增加的情况下,为保证网络的正常运行,给用户良好的体验,需要为网络运营商以及终端用户提供电信运营级的监管服务。 In the ever-increasing amount of IPTV customers, growing IPTV traffic flow situation, in order to ensure the normal operation of the network, giving users a good experience, the need to provide carrier-class monitoring services for network operators and end users.

目前的网络监测系统大多只能简单监测链路带宽,可以在上面看到某些端口号数据占用多少带宽,但是它没有办法针对业务流进行统计和分析。 Most of the current network monitoring system can simply monitor the link bandwidth, you can see how much bandwidth data takes some port number on it, but it is no way to statistics and analysis of traffic flows. 其采用的监测方案主要是园区集中式监测方案。 Monitoring program which uses the main campus centralized monitoring programs. 园区集中式监测方案是指通过网管中心收集各个网络设备端口的流量信息进行统计。 Park refers to the centralized monitoring program to collect traffic information of each network device ports through management center statistics. 其优点是结构简单,投资成本相对较低。 The advantage is a simple structure, the investment cost is relatively low. 缺点是直接对数据流进行监测,容易对网络质量产生影响;不适合对大规模及高速接入网实时监测与管理,容易导致网络管理的盲点;不适合对复杂网络进行监测;不便于统一管理,无法实时了解整个网络的状况;需管理员逐个园区管理,维护成本高;网络规模越来越大以后,数据的统一与一致性管理问题将会暴露出来。 The disadvantage is that direct data flow monitoring, easy to have an impact on network quality; not suitable for large-scale and high-speed access network real-time monitoring and management, network management easily lead to blind spots; not suitable for complex network monitoring; not facilitate unified management can not understand the real-time status of the entire network; require administrator-by park management, high maintenance costs; after the network size is growing, unified and consistent management of data will be exposed. 可见,传统的监测系统成本虽低,但投资将无法得到保证。 Visible, traditional monitoring systems cost was low, but the investment can not be guaranteed.

综上所述,传统监测系统存在的主要问题如下.- In summary, the main problems of the conventional monitoring system follows .-

1、 无法在不对网络运行产生影响状况下,对网络进行监测; 1, does not produce the network operating under the influence of the situation, the network monitoring;

2、 无法对大流量网络以及网络承载业务流进行实时监测; 2, can not be real-time monitoring of network traffic as well as a large network to carry traffic;

3、 无法适应网络结构复杂、网络规模扩大的需求; 3, unable to adapt to the complex network structure, network scale requirements;

4、 管理复杂,维护成本较高。 4, complex management, higher maintenance costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型所要解决的技术问题就是为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺陷而提供一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统。 The present invention Problem to be solved is to overcome the defects of the prior art described above and to provide an IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system.

本实用新型的目的可以通过以下技术方案来实现: 一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统,其特征在于,包括中心服务器、IPTV业务质量监测仪,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器相互连接。 The object of the present invention may be achieved by the following technical solution: A transmission IPTV service quality monitoring system comprising a central server, IPTV service quality monitor, the IPTV service quality monitor with the central broadband network via IPTV server connected to each other.

本实用新型还包括旁路设备,该旁路设备通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器相互连接,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪通过两个光电转换器分别与旁路设备的两个端口相连接。 The present invention further includes a bypass device, the bypass device is connected through a broadband network IPTV each center server, the IPTV service quality monitor connected to the device through the two port bypass two photoelectric converters respectively.

与现有技术相比,本实用新型具有以下优点: Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

1. 能适合对大规模接入网IPTV业务流进行监测与管理,保证监测的实时性、全面性、有效性; 1. Can be suitable for large-scale IPTV access network traffic flow monitoring and management, ensure real-time monitoring, comprehensiveness and effectiveness;

2. 能对不同IPTV业务流制订不同的监测指标,实现有针对性、人性化的 2. The monitoring indicators can develop different for different IPTV service streams to achieve a targeted, user-friendly

3. 维护容易,管理员在中央服务器端可实现对全网实时监测,了解整个网络所承载的IPTV业务流质量状况; 3. Maintenance is easy, the administrator at the central server enables real-time monitoring of the entire network to understand the flow of IPTV service quality status of the entire network carried;

4. 与其他运营子系统接口容易实现; 4. subsystem interfaces with other operators easy to implement;

5. 系统可扩展性强,能适应不断发展的宽带接入网规模,保护投资; The scalable system that can adapt to the evolving broadband access network scale, the protection of investments;

6. 系统可伸縮性强,当系统扩充时,不会影响宽带业务运营的进行; 6. The system scalability is strong, when the expansion of the system, this does not affect the broadband services;

7. 用户数据集中存放在中心机房服务器,保证数据的统一维护; 7. The user data is stored centrally in the central server room, to ensure the maintenance of a unified data;

8. 由于中央服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪均有各自的数据库,只需实现关键数据的互为备份与一致即可,在保证系统可靠同时能减少了各分系统的数据维护量。 8. Since the central server and the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument has its own database, just to achieve mutual backup agreement with key data, to ensure system reliability while reducing the amount of data maintenance for each subsystem.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本实用新型的结构示意图; Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the new utility;

图2为本实用新型的IPTV业务质量监测仪与旁路设备的连接示意图。 FIG 2 is a connection diagram invention IPTV service quality monitor and the bypass device. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图对本实用新型作进一步说明。 DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The present invention is further made.

如图l、图2,所示, 一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统,包括中心服务器1、 IPTV业务质量监测仪2,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪2通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器l相互连接。 As shown in FIG l, FIG. 2, shown in a transmission IPTV service quality monitoring system, comprising a central server. 1, 2 IPTV service quality monitor, the IPTV service quality monitor 2 connected to each other via the center server broadband network IPTV l .

本实用新型还包括v3,该旁路设备3通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器1 相互连接,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪2通过两个光电转换器4、 5分别与旁路设备的两个端口相连接。 The present invention further comprises a V3, the bypass device 31 is connected through a broadband network IPTV each center server, the IPTV service quality monitor 2 by the two photoelectric converter 4, 5, respectively two ports of the bypass device connected.

本实用新型采用一个中央服务器和多个IPTV业务质量监测仪设备,IPTV 业务质量监测仪设备布控于网络重要结点,通过网络与中央服务器相连接, IPTV业务质量监测仪将监测到的IPTV业务质量信息上报给中央服务器,中央服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行配置、管理。 The present invention uses a central server and a plurality of IPTV service quality monitor device, IPTV service quality surveillance equipment to monitor important network node is connected to a central server via a network, to monitor the quality of the IPTV service to the IPTV service quality monitoring information to a central server, the central server of the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to configure, manage. 针对传统技术存在的缺陷, 本实用新型提出相应的解决方案: For the shortcomings of conventional techniques, the present invention proposes corresponding solutions:

1、 在IPTV业务质量监测仪接入端对网络数据进行旁路,旁路设备(TAP) 支持监测仪对应接口类型,以在线速率全面访问网络,达到对网络无干扰、无延时监测。 1, in the IPTV service quality monitor access to the network terminal data bypass, a bypass device (TAP) interface type corresponding to the monitor support to full access to the network line rate, to the network without interference, without delay monitoring. 其旁路设备连线图如图2所示,业务质量监测仪通过光电装换器与旁路设备(TAP)相连接。 Bypass connection apparatus shown in Figure 2, is connected to monitor the quality of service by the photoelectric converter means and the bypass device (TAP).

2、 采用千兆级的网络抓包硬件,以及高性能的分析处理环境,以达到对监测的实时性的要求。 2, using capture gigabit network hardware, and high-performance analysis processing environment to meet the requirements of real-time monitoring.

3、 可以通过增加监测点个数,改变监测点位置的方法,达到适应网络拓展、适应网络情况复杂的要求,对网络各个结点全面监测的目的。 3, by increasing the number of monitoring points, changing the position of the monitoring methods, to adapt the network to expand to meet the requirements of network complexity, comprehensive monitoring of the various nodes in the network object.

4、 管理员在中央服务器端对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行统一管理,降低维护成本。 4, administrator for unified management of IPTV service quality monitoring instrument at the central server, reduce maintenance costs.

IPTV业务质量监测仪在网络中处于对等的地位,可通过中心服务器实现信息交互,协作监测。 IPTV service quality monitoring device in the network of equal status, information exchange can be achieved through a central server, collaborative monitoring. 中央服务器与IPTV业务质量监测仪之间的通信采用信息安全保证系统确保信息传输的安全性。 Communication between the central server and the IPTV service quality monitor the use of information systems to ensure security to ensure the security of information transmission. IPTV业务质量监测仪具有两种主要的工作模式:信息监测模式和故障诊断模式。 IPTV service quality monitoring instrument has two main operating modes: information mode monitoring and fault diagnosis mode. 当网络运营情况正常,IPTV业务质量监测仪通常运行在信息监测模式下,上报统计信息,对网络性能和IPTV业务质量进行监测;当IPTV业务质量出现异常,IPTV业务质量监测仪切换到故障诊断模式下,上报故障IPTV业务流,帮助用户定位并分析网络故障。 When the network operator normal, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument typically run in information monitoring mode, report statistics on network performance and IPTV service quality monitoring; when the abnormality IPTV service quality occurs, IPTV service quality monitor is switched to the failure diagnosis mode , the reported failure IPTV traffic flow to help users locate and analyze network faults. IPTV业务质量监测仪由信息监测模式切换到故障诊断模式的触发条件有:1、监测系统管理员手工触发;2、 IPTV业务质量监测仪监测到IPTV业务质量指标超过预定的报警阀值;3、 IPTV业务质量监测仪检测到网络中监测系统的各个组成部分的交互出现异常。 IPTV service quality information monitored by the monitor mode is switched to the failure diagnosis mode trigger conditions: 1, the monitoring system administrator to manually trigger; 2, monitor the quality of IPTV service to the IPTV service quality monitoring index exceeds a predetermined alarm threshold; 3, IPTV service quality monitor detects various components of the interactive network monitoring system abnormal. 为了确保各分布式监测点协同一致的工作,监测系统通过NTP时钟服务器及相应协议,同步各个监测点的计算时钟,确保一致性。 In order to ensure that the monitoring points distributed concerted work, the monitoring system through NTP server and the corresponding protocol, counting the clock synchronization of the individual monitoring points, to ensure consistency. 本实用新型的工作过程如下: The present invention works as follows:

(1) 在网络中心设置中心服务器,确定中心服务器的IP地址; (1) is provided at the central hub server, determine the IP address of the central server;

(2) 在网络重要结点布置IPTV业务质量监测仪,IPTV业务质量监测仪在网络上获取自身IP地址后,通过协议向中心服务器发送建立连接请求; (2) is arranged IPTV service quality monitor important node in the network, the IPTV service quality monitor acquires its own IP address on the network, transmitting a connection setup request to the center server by the protocol;

(3) 中心服务器对IPTV业务质量监测仪发送连接确认信息,连接建立; 中央服务器端数据库对建立连接的IPTV业务质量监测仪的IP地址、监测仪编号信息等基本信息备份; (3) IPTV service center server sends a connection confirmation message quality monitor, connection establishment; central database server for the IP address from an IPTV service quality monitor connections, monitors and other basic information backup number information;

(4) 中央服务器根据IPTV业务质量监测的具体需要,对IPTV业务质量监测仪进行配置;配置内容包括IPTV业务质量监测仪的信息上报周期,时钟周期,要进行监测的IPTV业务流,各个业务流的报警门限阈值等。 (4) The central server according to the specific needs of IPTV service quality monitoring, IPTV service quality monitor configuration; configuration including information reporting cycle, clock cycle IPTV service quality monitor, to conduct IPTV traffic flow monitor, each traffic flow the alarm threshold levels for the like.

(5) IPTV业务质量监测仪进入信息监测工作模式,对网络带宽、时延、 丢包、乱序等网络状态信息以及所要监测的IPTV业务流信息进行统计、分析, 从而计算出当前IPTV业务传输质量指标,如:抖动丢帧、压縮率、IR (IPTV 业务综合评定指标)等,其中IR是一种由网络质量对视频影响参数得出的视频质量综合评定指标,其取值范围为0〜5,依次代表了由差到好的视频质量优劣程度。 (. 5) IPTV service quality monitoring information into the monitor mode, the network bandwidth, delay, packet loss, disorder and other network state information and the IPTV service flow information to be monitored for statistical analysis to calculate the current transmission IPTV services quality indicators, such as: dither frame loss, compression ratio, IR (comprehensive evaluation index the IPTV service) and the like, wherein the network is an IR video parameters affecting the quality of the video quality appraisal derived index which ranges from 0 ~ 5, followed by the representatives of the poor to good video quality level of the merits. IPTV业务质量监测仪对网络质量统计信息、IPTV业务质量信息进行上报,对信息进行本地保存; IPTV service quality monitor network quality statistics, IPTV service quality information be reported, the information is stored locally;

(6) 中央服务器接收IPTV业务质量信息。 (6) the central server receives the IPTV service quality information. 对接收到的信息数据实时显示, 便于管理员査看当前网络状态,同时对数据进行统一备份; Real-time information received data display for easy network administrators to view the current status, and data unified backup;

(7) 当IPTV业务质量监测仪满足工作模式切换条件时,进入故障诊断工作模式,IPTV业务质量监测仪采集本地的IPTV业务流信息,进行初步的统计分析后,将IPTV业务流统一上传至中心监测服务器,在中心监测服务器端对故障IPTV业务流在全网的状况进行统计与分析; (7) When the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument to meet the operational mode switching condition, enter the fault diagnosis working mode, IPTV service quality monitoring instrument collects local IPTV service flow information, a preliminary statistical analysis of the IPTV service stream unity uploaded to the center server monitoring, fault IPTV traffic flow statistics and analysis on the situation in the center of the whole network monitoring server;

(8) 中央服务器对上报的IPTV业务流信息进行分析后,对故障进行定位, 下发故障诊断策略; (8) the central server to the IPTV service flow information reported by the analysis of the fault location, fault diagnosis strategy issued;

(9) IPTV业务质量监测仪根据诊断策略进行故障排查,或等待管理员人工解除故障,故障排除后,向中央服务器发送故障排除信息; (9) IPTV service quality monitoring instrument for troubleshooting diagnostic strategy, or wait for the administrator to manually resolve your problem, troubleshooting, troubleshooting information is sent to the central server;

(10) 中央服务器对故障排除信息进行确认; (10) central server troubleshooting information for confirmation;

(11) IPTV业务质量监测仪收到确认信息后,重新切换到信息监测工作模式。 After (11) IPTV service quality monitor receives the confirmation message to switch back to monitor mode.

步骤(1)〜(3)是IPTV业务质量监测仪发现过程,如果需要在网络上安插新的IPTV业务质量监测仪,重复此操作即可,操作流程简单,能够适应网络规模扩大,同时能根据具体需要进行具体监测。 Step (1) to (3) is an IPTV service quality monitor discovery process, the new placement if desired IPTV service quality monitor on the network, to repeat this operation, the operation flow is simple, can adapt to network scale, same time, according specific needs specific monitoring.

步骤(4)的配置可以实现根据具体监测需求,实现对不同网络性能、IPTV 业务流指标的监测,实现监测的人性化、合理化。 Configuration Step (4) may be implemented according to the needs of specific monitoring, implementation of monitoring the performance of different networks, IPTV service flow index, humanize monitoring rationalization.

步骤(5)〜(6)是对网络正常状态下,对网络、业务流质量信息的监测, 管理员可根据所有监测点的监测信息了解当前网络的整体状况。 Step (5) to (6) Is the network under normal conditions, of the network, monitoring traffic flow quality information, the administrator can understand the current status of the entire network based on the monitoring information of all the monitoring points.

步骤(7)〜(10)是对网络故障的诊断,中央服务器可根据需要对报警IPTV业务质量监测仪下发诊断指令,也可以对与报警监测仪临近的IPTV业务质量监测仪下发诊断指令,实现IPTV业务质量监测仪的协同故障诊断。 Step (7) to (10) is a diagnostic network failure, the central server may need to send diagnostic commands may be issued diagnosis under the alarm monitor neighboring IPTV service quality monitor command an alarm IPTV service quality monitor of to achieve IPTV service quality monitoring instrument of collaborative troubleshooting.

Claims (2)

1.一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统,其特征在于,包括中心服务器、IPTV业务质量监测仪,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器相互连接。 An IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system comprising a central server, IPTV service quality monitor, the IPTV service quality monitor interconnected by a broadband network IPTV center server.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种IPTV业务传输质量监测系统,其特征在于, 还包括旁路设备,该旁路设备通过IPTV宽带网络与中心服务器相互连接,所述的IPTV业务质量监测仪通过两个光电转换器分别与旁路设备的两个端口相连接。 An IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system according to claim 1, characterized in that the apparatus further comprises a bypass, the bypass device interconnected via a broadband network with a central server IPTV, the IPTV service quality monitoring instrument two ports respectively connected to two photoelectric conversion device through the bypass.
CN 200820054514 2008-01-07 2008-01-07 IPTV service transmission quality monitoring system CN201142691Y (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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WO2012174631A1 (en) * 2010-07-12 2012-12-27 Bce Inc. Methods and systems for monitoring a service provided over a packet-switched network
CN102957578A (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-03-06 幻音科技(深圳)有限公司 Method and device for monitoring network running state
CN103118274A (en) * 2011-11-16 2013-05-22 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Operational monitoring method and device for interactive protocol internet television (IPTV)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012174631A1 (en) * 2010-07-12 2012-12-27 Bce Inc. Methods and systems for monitoring a service provided over a packet-switched network
CN102957578A (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-03-06 幻音科技(深圳)有限公司 Method and device for monitoring network running state
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