CN101417840A - A kind of black-odor river pollution treatment method - Google Patents

A kind of black-odor river pollution treatment method Download PDF

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CN101417840A
CN101417840A CNA2008102189582A CN200810218958A CN101417840A CN 101417840 A CN101417840 A CN 101417840A CN A2008102189582 A CNA2008102189582 A CN A2008102189582A CN 200810218958 A CN200810218958 A CN 200810218958A CN 101417840 A CN101417840 A CN 101417840A
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river
water
black
bed mud
biological
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CNA2008102189582A
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黎赓桓
孙志鸿
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黎赓桓
孙志鸿
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Priority to CNA2008102189582A priority Critical patent/CN101417840A/en
Publication of CN101417840A publication Critical patent/CN101417840A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/20Sludge processing

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bioremediation technology original position of utilizing and administer the method that the cities and towns black-odor river pollutes, this method by river aeration oxygenation, throw in complex micro organism fungicide, bed mud biological restoration and step and measure such as biological nest system be set, external source and endogenous pollution are gushed in control and elimination river, purify river water burst matter, improve water body self-purification ability, reach and eliminate black smelly purpose.The present invention need not build structures or the river water burst drawn outside the river course and handle in the river course, also need not dredge river bottom mud clearly.Generally be applicable to cut dirty, desilting thoroughly or the river that can't cut dirt, desilting for the moment gush, and the river course that is subjected to tidal effect change of flow state complexity carries out original position and administers, recover the normal ecological functions of water body, administer method easily for numerous cities and towns black-odor rivers provides practical, economy.

Description

A kind of black-odor river pollution treatment method
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of environment protection, be specifically related to the method that a kind of employing bioremediation technology (Bioremediation) original position of taking as the leading factor with aeration oxygen replenishing is administered the pollution of river.
Technical background
Black-odor river is the common phenomenon of the network of waterways, China city, trace it to its cause be organic pollutant enter and deposition to cause the river to gush the oxygen balance system unbalance.Public works methods such as cutting dirt, desilting, revetment greening, water transfer, moisturizing is mainly adopted in the improvement of black-odor river, but because a variety of causes, the river course cuts dirt, desilting can't be carried out or can't thoroughly carry out for the moment, and purification of water quality produces little effect.Black-odor river pollutes ideal improvement method at present as yet.
Chinese patent application numbers 200610034724.3 discloses a kind of application for a patent for invention of method for governing pollution of river surge, this method utilizes bioremediation technology to administer urban waste water, by steps such as upstream river polluted water body oxidation pond pre-treatment, the reparation of river bottom mud bio-oxidation, river aeration oxygenation, middle reach water body biological restoration and lower reache ecological recoveries, black and odorous water is gushed in the river carry out biological treating.But this method will be gushed the river, upstream the heavily contaminated water body and be caused oxidation pond (artificial swamp) and carry out pre-treatment, returns the river again and gushes and influence lower reache.This method not only takies the land area outside the waters, river course, and fails in the face of swarm in the river, downstream integral body administers, thereby can't reach and cause full river and gush consistent the elimination and deceive the effect that foul sewage is dyed.
Summary of the invention
The urban waste water method for governing pollution that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of practical, economic actual effect, this method need not be built structures or the river water burst drawn outside the river course and be handled in the river course, also need not dredge river bottom mud clearly, generally be applicable to cut dirty, desilting thoroughly or the river that can't cut dirt, desilting for the moment gush, and be subjected to the river course of tidal effect change of flow state complexity to carry out original position to administer.
Technical scheme of the present invention is by river aeration oxygenation, throws in complex micro organism fungicide, bed mud biological restoration and biological nest system is set, control and eliminate that external source is gushed in the river and endogenous pollution purifies river water burst matter improves water body self-purification ability, rebuild the river and gush the eubiosis, reach and eliminate black smelly purpose.Its concrete steps and measure are:
(1) river aeration oxygenation: the aeration facility is set in the river course segmentation, to the water body reinforcement aeration oxygen replenishing, improve dissolved oxygen content, promote the circulation of water layer exchange and water body, strengthen the activity of aerobic microbiological in the water body, degraded water layer and blackening sordes matter such as bed mud organic pollutant, sulfide oxidation and ferrous salt are gushed the eubiosis for the recovery river and are created favorable conditions;
(2) add complex micro organism fungicide: cooperate the water body aeration oxygen replenishing, throw in complex micro organism fungicide in the river course, complex microorganism is breeding rapidly in water, forms stable dominant microflora, realization is to the efficient removal of organic pollutants in water body, controls and cuts down river polluted thing and received total amount;
(3) bed mud biological restoration: directly regularly throw in the bed mud bioremediation agents during the improvement in the river course, change the anaerobism habitat of bed mud and bottom water layer, promote the bottom microorganism by anaerobism to aerobic succession, quicken the degraded and the bed mud mineralising of bed mud organic pollutant, control bed mud aerobic substance is to the release of overlying water; This measure substitutes desilting elimination river and gushes endogenous pollution, improves the self-purification capacity of water body, recovers the balance of water ecosystem, and it is black smelly fundamentally to eliminate water body;
(4) biological nest system is set: install biological nest system every a segment distance in the appropriate location, river course, the biological attachment face of biological nest is huge, can carry microorganisms in water, planktonic growth and breeding, reduce and run off, and, fish and other biological species perch the place of looking for food for providing, increase species diversity, performance hydrobiont chain promotes the restore peace weighing apparatus of water ecosystem to the effect of purification of water quality.
In the described step (1) in the river aeration oxygenation control water DO concentration more than 2.0mg/L, oxygenation amount (KgO 2/ d) with section organic loading (KgCOD Cr/ d) relevant, look DO concentration numerical value in the operational process and adjust the aeration activity duration, to satisfy the oxygenation requirement.
River aeration oxygenation adopts under water the jet-flow aeration mode to water body and bed mud oxygen supply in the described step (1), the jet-flow aeration mode has not only enlarged waters dissolved oxygen scope and has improved the utilization ratio of oxygen under water, but also has reduced the generation of neighbourhood noise and to the influence of view.
Employed complex micro organism fungicide comprises several mixture in the Pseudomonas bacteriums such as photosynthetic bacterium, nitrification and denitrification bacterium, genus bacillus, actinomycetes, yeast and milk-acid bacteria in the described step (2).Complex micro organism fungicide is the pure natural microorganism, does not contain transgenation or gene recombination product, does not contain pathogenic bacterium, its Xi bacterium Zong Shuo ≧ 5 * 10 9Pic/g (ml), injected volume are 1.0~5.0ppm.
Employed bed mud bioremediation agents mainly is made up of complex micro organism fungicide, oxygenation agent and carrier in the described step (3), and contains ancillary drugs such as biological nutritive agent and/or biologic detoxication agent.The bed mud bioremediation agents regularly adds, each add-on 50~100g/m 2, administer progress according to the pollution of river, pitch time is thrown in increase and decrease impressions and adjustment.
Described oxygenation agent is H 2O 2, MgO 2, CaO 2, 2Na 2CO 33H 2O 2And Ca (NO 3) 2One or more mixture.
Described carrier is one or more the mixture in zeolite, diatomite, molecular sieve and the laterite earth.
Set biological nest system adopts the polymkeric substance braided material to be made in the described step (4), and biological nest system occupies section area 8~12%.
The present invention by river aeration oxygenation, add complex micro organism fungicide, bed mud biological restoration and measures such as biological nest system be set and make after river water burst matter improves, also can gush stocked carp, planting aquatic plants in the river, further remove water pollutant and nutritive salt, strengthen the effect of restoration of the ecosystem.
Every technical measures of the invention process are all carried out in the scope of water burst territory, river, and promptly original position is administered.Need not in the river course, build structures or the river water burst drawn outside the river course and handle, also need not cut dirt, desilting.Need not take over the land for use and need not dig advantage that bed mud is that it is outstanding clearly, avoid the difficult problem that expropriation of land and mud are disposed, greatly reduce investment and operational and administrative expenses, instant effect and effective.In addition, function and natural purification functions such as not influencing original flood control, flood discharge, water drainage are gushed in the river after administering, for numerous cities and towns black-odor river pollution treatments provides a kind of economic convenient, practicable method.
Embodiment
The concrete steps and the measure of black-odor river pollution treatment method embodiment provided by the invention are as follows:
1. river aeration oxygenation
Black-odor river water pollution degree height, it is low that dissolved oxygen contains oxygen, and the oxygen balance system is seriously unbalance.At first gush segmentation and the aeration oxygen replenishing facility is set carries out enhanced aeration oxygenation administering the river.
About 500~the 1000m of sectional distance.Utilize river course original lock station facility or build dam (sand hill dam, rubber dam, flashboard dam etc.) in the section upstream and downstream, the regulation and control runoff is accumulated, and keeps the river course depth of water and is no less than 0.8~1.0m, guarantees that the river water burst has certain residence time and sets up the stable ecosystem.
After finishing runoff and accumulating regulation and control, promptly arrange the aeration facility, capable enhanced aeration oxygenation is poured in the river.The effect of aeration oxygen replenishing is, improves the water body dissolved oxygen content, strengthens the activity of aerobic microbiological in the water, and the blackening sordes matter such as water layer and bed mud organic pollutant, sulfide oxidation, ferrous salt of effectively degrading are gushed the eubiosis and created favorable conditions for recovering the river.
According to oxygen balance system mathematical model, river water burst body total oxygen demand KgO 2/ d equals in the water carbon organism and nitrogen compound degraded oxygen-consumption and adds the bed mud oxygen-consumption and deduct big oxygen reoxygenation amount.Carbon organism and nitrogen compound degraded oxygen-consumption adds that the bed mud oxygen-consumption promptly is equivalent to the total organic load in section (KgCOD/d) in the water.As ignore big oxygen reoxygenation amount, river aeration oxygenation amount depends on the organic loading of section.Keep the certain clearance of pollutent, the aeration oxygen replenishing amount should increase with the increase of organic load.In fact by controlling oxygen in water concentration (DO) more than 2.0mg/L, can satisfy the needs of aerobic degradation organic pollutant substantially, water pollutant has certain clearance, and the stink of water body can be eliminated.Open platform number and aeration activity duration so in operational process, adjust aerator, to satisfy the aeration oxygen replenishing requirement according to the height of DO numerical value.
River aeration oxygenation adopts under water the jet-flow aeration mode to water body and bed mud oxygen supply, can enlarge waters dissolved oxygen scope and improve the utilization ratio of oxygen, has also reduced the generation of neighbourhood noise simultaneously and to the influence of view.
2. add complex micro organism fungicide
Cooperate the water body aeration oxygen replenishing, gush the input complex micro organism fungicide in the river.Complex micro organism fungicide is by several composition the in the Pseudomonas bacteriums such as photosynthetic bacterium, nitrification and denitrification bacterium, genus bacillus, milk-acid bacteria, actinomyces, yeast, in water, can breed rapidly, form stable dominant microflora, effectively decompose and remove organism in the water.Complex micro organism fungicide is the pure natural microorganism, does not contain transgenation or gene recombination product, does not contain pathogenic bacterium, can not bring the Biosafety problem.Complex micro organism fungicide total plate count 〉=5 * 10 9Pic/g (ml), calculating injected volume by section run-off or runoff accumulation is 1~5ppm.
3. bed mud biological restoration
Pollutants in sediments has a strong impact on the water quality of overlying water to the overlying water diffusion.Throw in the bioremediation agents of forming by assistant medicaments such as complex micro organism fungicide, oxygenation agent and carrier and biological nutritive agent and biologic detoxication agent at Quan Heyong (section) at sediment pollution, directly act on bed mud, provide the Microbial resources and the electron acceptor(EA) of capacity for strengthening the bed mud organic pollutant degradation, accelerated degradation bed mud organic pollutant and promote the bed mud mineralising is fundamentally eliminated black smelly that the river gushes.
The complex micro organism fungicide that the bed mud bioremediation agents uses is formed as previously mentioned, and H is selected in the oxygenation agent for use 2O 2, MgO 2, CaO 2, 2Na 2CO 33H 2O 2And Ca (NO 3) 2One or more, carrier can be selected zeolite, diatomite, molecular sieve, laterite earth etc. for use, other assistant medicaments of adding are biological nutritive agent and biologic detoxication agent.
The bed mud bioremediation agents needs regularly to add, and each add-on is gushed (section) water surface area by the river and calculated 50~100g/m 2, throw in pitch time with adjusting according to river bottom mud alluvial situation and Pollution abatement progress increase and decrease impressions.
4. biological nest is set
Install biological nest system in the appropriate location of section, biological nest is a kind of of immobilized microorganism technique.The biological nest of the present invention's installing is to be made by the special copolymer braided material, and specific surface area can reach 200~250m 2/ m 2, biological nest system occupies section area 8~12%.Biological nest is with performance adsorption microorganism, the planktonic organism of its high-specific surface area, carrying microorganism, planktonic growth and breeding, reduce their loss, can also perch the place of looking for food as fish and other biological species, bring into play the effect of biosphere better, promote the restore peace weighing apparatus of water ecosystem purification of water quality.
Implement above technical measures, after river water burst matter improves, can also further gush artificial stocked carp or introduce fish and bottom-dwelling etc., planting aquatic plants by tidal action in the river, further remove water pollutant and nutritive substance, strengthen the effect of restoration of the ecosystem.
Pollution abatement need be used the time: 3~6 months.
Administer desired result: control measures is implemented a week, and the water body deodorizing can win initial success, and dissolved oxygen meets or exceeds 1.5mg/L in one month, and it is green that water body changes, in the water microorganism progressively by anaerobism to aerobic succession; Bed mud gradually became grey by black in 1~2 month, became drabon look after 3 months, and salinity improves, and thickness significantly reduces, and administered section integral body and reached the black smelly requirement of removal.At former river water burst is under the condition of COD100~200mg/L, compares before administering back water quality and administering, and COD reduces by 40~50%, NH 3-N reduces by 70~80%, H 2S reduces by 90%, and DO keeps more than the 2mg/L, and the bed mud total organic carbon descends 60~70%; The organism in water diversity increases, and transparency increases, and the normal ecological functions of water body are restored.Backward, gush in the river and to obtain conventional maintenance (aeration and suitably add microbiobacterial agent), and under the river polluted load situation about no longer strengthening, can keep water body black not smelly for a long time.
Embodiment 1
Gush in the river, Guangzhou, and this river is gushed total length and is about 700m, width average 8m, south orientation is gushed in the river has the flat continent of a sluice and Zhujiang River water channel to link to each other, and north orientation can gush with other rivers and communicate, owing to be subjected to the influence of morning and evening tides and sluice shutter opening and closing, channel regime changes complicated, the about 0.8~1.5m of the depth of water.It is the Residential areas, villages and small towns that two sides are gushed in the river, about 7000~8000 people of population, and resident living sewage and a small amount of trade effluent enter the river and gush, and black smelly, the COD of water body is up to 100~200mg/L.
Adopt the present invention that row is poured in one section river of 500m and administer, specific implementation method is as follows:
(1) respectively build the dam that one sand hill piled up administering the two ends, section, high 1.0m bottom width 1.6m guarantees that the section water level when sluice place opened condition, is not less than 1.0m.Aeration oxygen replenishing equipment is installed in the river course then, is received situation, one (cover) novel brute force of jetting type under water oxygenating machine, totally 4 are installed every 100m according to the river polluted load total amount of this section, runoff and sewage; In beginning and the last section a water lift formula aerator is installed respectively in addition.Jet aerator power 4 * 3KW, oxygen-supplying amount 16.8kg per hour, water lift formula aerator power 2 * 1.2KW, per hour oxygen-supplying amount 2.6kg.Total oxygen-supplying amount is 19.4kg/h, and operational process is adjusted platform number and the aeration activity duration that aerator starts according to the variation of DO concentration, satisfies the oxygenation requirement.
(2) add the 2ppm complex micro organism fungicide in the section with main sewage draining exit every day and (form total plate count 20 * 10 by photosynthetic bacterium, genus bacillus, yeast, actinomycetes, milk-acid bacteria etc. 9Pic/g (ml)), microbial inoculum soaks to dilute with the river water burst and evenly splashes.Dosage in earlier stage can be put some more, and the water body stink is eliminated, and can gradually reduce after water quality improves.
(3) with a certain proportion of complex micro organism fungicide and oxygenation agent, add a spot of nutrition agent and make carrier preparation bed mud bioremediation agents with laterite earth, be pressed into fritter, directly throw in and administer the section, act on bed mud.The bed mud bioremediation agents is regularly thrown in, and each every square metre of water surface injected volume 50~100g according to bed mud alluvial situation with administer progress increase and decrease impressions and adjust and throw in pitch time, estimates that total injected volume calculates about 1kg/m by the section water surface area 2
(4) select the appropriate location, section that biological nest system is set.Biological nest is by wide 50mm, and the polymer ribbon braided material of long 800~900mm is made, and far-end band float is planted in water with the boundling form.Biology nest system occupies the about 400m of section area 2
(5) through the improvement of for some time, for example 2~3 months, river water burst matter improved, and after the black smelly basically eliminate of water body, gushed in the river and to put in a suitable place to breed or introduce fish and bottom-dwelling by tidal action, increased species diversity, further strengthened the restoration of the ecosystem effect.
According to this river polluted situation, the plan improvement time is 3 months.Control measures is implemented a week, and the water body deodorizing can become effective, and dissolved oxygen in month (DO) meets or exceeds 1.5mg/L, and stink disappears substantially, and it is green that water body changes; Bed mud changeed light by black in 1~2 month, became drabon look in 3 months, and thickness significantly reduces, and salinity improves, and the river is gushed totally to reach and removed black smelly requirement.River water burst matter with administer before compare, COD removes 40~50%, NH 3-N reduces by 70~80%, H 2S reduces by 90%, and DO keeps more than the 2mg/L, and above index is as checking and accepting foundation.Check and accept back river and gush the routine maintenance Manage Transfer engineering party awarding the contract.
Embodiment 2
Certain combination area of city and country's tidal channel, total length 5~6km, resident living area and upstream agricultural and trade effluent near the blowdown ditch is admitted.Tidal channel two sides and bottom of trench are all built slabstone, and wide 16m, water body are extremely black smelly, and below the DO0.1mg/L, COD reaches more than the 250mg/L, and bed mud is thicker, and water layer is 0.20~0.25m only, and flow velocity is very fast, the about 7000~8000m of daily flow 3Tornado when raining, run-off is multiplied.
Adopt the inventive method that contiguous resident living area 1000m section, tidal channel downstream is administered, specifically implement as follows:
(1) build the flashboard dam at improvement upstream and downstream two ends, section, last height of dam 1.0m, following height of dam 1.2m keeps the about 1.0m of this section mean water level, the about 16000m of runoff accumulation 3
(2) section is provided with the jet-flow aeration oxygenating machine along the river, and total 2 groups totally 10 (covers), total power 10 * 4kw, but per hour oxygen-supplying amount is 56kg.And administering 2/3 position, section installing oxygen dissolved controller, run duration control river DO concentration is more than 2.0mg/L.
(3) add 2.0~2.5ppm complex micro organism fungicide in the improvement section every day and (form total plate count 20 * 10 by photosynthetic bacterium, genus bacillus, yeast, actinomycetes, milk-acid bacteria etc. 9Pic/g (ml)), microbial inoculum soaks to dilute with the river water burst and splashes.Can add at the section leading portion according to the runoff situation, better bring into play the effect of microbiological degradation organic pollutant.In addition, eliminate at the water body stink, after water quality improved, the microbial inoculum injected volume can gradually reduce.
(4) throw in the bed mud bioremediation agents of a certain proportion of complex micro organism fungicide, oxygenation agent, nutrition agent and carrier preparation to administering the section.Each injected volume 50~100g/m 2Subdue situation increase and decrease impressions and adjust and throw in pitch time according to administering progress and bed mud, estimate that total injected volume calculates by the section water surface area and be about 1.0~1.2kg/m 2
(5) biological nest system is set administering the appropriate location, section, biological nest adopts the polymer ribbon braided material to make, and plants in the korneforos.Biology nest system accounts for the about 1600m of section area 2
3~6 months improvement time.Control measures was implemented 10~15 days, and water body is black smellyly to be weakened gradually; 3 months black smelly basically eliminate.DO reaches more than the 2.0mg/L, and bed mud changes drabon look, and thickness significantly reduces.Compare with administering preceding water quality, COD reduces by 40~50%, NH 3-N reduces by 70~80%, and H2S reduces more than 90%, and the bed mud total organic carbon descends 60~70%, reaches predetermined standard for acceptance.Continue to strengthen and implement control measures, water body self-purification ability further improves, and the normal eubiosis is recovered.
Embodiment 3
Certain urban look river course, long 2.35km, wide 6~12m, it is 0.8~1.6m that the depth of water is subjected to tidal effect, water surface area 20000m 2, the about 0.5m of the unstable mud bed thickness in bottom.This river is gushed and was once renovated in 2006, has implemented public works measures such as a section dirt, desilting and revetment, but because section dirt is not thorough, and the rainwater of two sides, sewage still mainly enter the korneforos, water quality runs down.The river water burst presents green at the incoming tide, is black then at ebb tide, gives an offensive smell.COD80~150mg/L,NH 3-N10~15mg/L,DO0.1~0.3mg/L。
Adopt the full river of the invention process to gush original position and administer, concrete grammar is as follows:
(1) river gushes that two ends formerly have sluice, pumping plant links to each other with another river course.Be not less than 1.0m, runoff accumulation 20,000 m by sluice control water burst position, river 3More than.
(2) gush along journey sewage according to the river and received situation, the jet-flow aeration oxygenating machine is set.5 groups of sums totally 20 (cover), total power 20 * 3kw, but per hour oxygen-supplying amount is 84kg.Run duration is controlled river water burst body DO concentration more than 2.0mg/L, and adjusts the aeration activity duration according to DO change in concentration situation, satisfies the oxygenation requirement.
(3) timing every day is gushed in the river and is added the complex micro organism fungicide of being made up of photosynthetic bacterium, genus bacillus etc.Complex micro organism fungicide total plate count 5 * 10 9Pic/g (ml), dosage 3~4ppm is diluted in Quan Heyong with the immersion of river water burst and splashes, and some can be put in wherein main sewage draining exit position more.In addition, behind the elimination water correction, the complex micro organism fungicide total input can gradually reduce when water body is smelly.
(4) Xiang Heyong regularly throws in the bed mud bioremediation agents with a certain proportion of complex micro organism fungicide, oxygenation agent, nutrition agent and carrier preparation.Each 50~the 100g/m of injected volume 2, progress and bed mud are subdued situation increase and decrease impressions and pitch time is thrown in adjustment according to administering.Estimate that total injected volume calculates about 1.0~1.2kg/m by water surface area 2
(5) gush the appropriate location in the river biological nest system is set.Biological nest system selects for use the polymer ribbon braided material to make, and plants in the korneforos, and biological nest system accounts for the river and gushes the about 1600m of area 2
3~6 months improvement time.Control measures was implemented 10~15 days, and water body is black smellyly to be weakened gradually; 3 months black smelly basically eliminate.DO reaches more than the 2.0mg/L, and algae, planktonic organism, fish and the bottom-dwelling introduced by morning and evening tides can grow in water burst territory, river.Compare with administering preceding water quality, COD reduces by 40~50%, NH 3-N reduces by 70~80%, H 2S reduces more than 90%, and the bed mud total organic carbon descends 60~70%, reaches predetermined acceptance requirement.Continue to strengthen and implement control measures, water body self-purification ability further improves, and recovers the normal eubiosis.

Claims (9)

1. black-odor river pollution treatment method is characterized in that may further comprise the steps and measure:
(1) river aeration oxygenation: the aeration facility is set in the river course segmentation, to the water body reinforcement aeration oxygen replenishing, improve dissolved oxygen content, promote the circulation of water layer exchange and water body, strengthen the activity of aerobic microbiological in the water body, degraded water layer and blackening sordes matter such as bed mud organic pollutant, sulfide oxidation and ferrous salt are gushed the eubiosis for the recovery river and are created favorable conditions;
(2) add complex micro organism fungicide: cooperate the water body aeration oxygen replenishing, throw in complex micro organism fungicide in the river course, complex microorganism is breeding rapidly in water, forms stable dominant microflora, realization is to the efficient removal of organic pollutants in water body, controls and cuts down river polluted thing and received total amount;
(3) bed mud biological restoration: directly regularly throw in the bed mud bioremediation agents during the improvement in the river course, change the anaerobism habitat of bed mud and bottom water layer, promote the bottom microorganism by anaerobism to aerobic succession, quicken the degraded and the bed mud mineralising of bed mud organic pollutant, control bed mud aerobic substance is to the release of overlying water;
(4) biological nest system is set: install biological nest system every a segment distance in the appropriate location, river course, the biological attachment face of biological nest is huge, can carry microorganisms in water, planktonic growth and breeding, reduce and run off, and, fish and other biological species perch the place of looking for food for providing, increase species diversity, performance hydrobiont chain promotes the restore peace weighing apparatus of water ecosystem to the effect of purification of water quality.
2. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature are that also DO concentration is more than 2.0mg/L in the middle river aeration oxygenation control of described step (1) water.
3. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature are also in the described step (1) that river aeration oxygenation adopts under water the jet-flow aeration mode to water body and bed mud oxygen supply.
4. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature is that also employed complex micro organism fungicide comprises several mixture in photosynthetic bacterium, nitrification and denitrification bacterium, genus bacillus, actinomycetes, yeast and the milk-acid bacteria in the described step (2), Xi bacterium Zong Shuo ≧ 5 * 10 of complex micro organism fungicide 9Pic/g (ml), injected volume are 1.0~5.0ppm.
5. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature is that also employed bed mud bioremediation agents mainly is made up of complex micro organism fungicide, oxygenation agent and carrier in the described step (3), and contain biological nutritive agent and/or biologic detoxication agent ancillary drug, the bed mud bioremediation agents regularly adds, each add-on 50~100g/m 2
6. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 5, its feature are that also described oxygenation agent is H 2O 2, MgO 2, CaO 2, 2Na 2CO 33H 2O 2And Ca (NO 3) 2One or more mixture.
7. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 5, its feature are that also described carrier is one or more the mixture in zeolite, diatomite, molecular sieve and the laterite earth.
8. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature are that also set biological nest system adopts the polymkeric substance braided material to be made in the described step (4), and biological nest system occupies section area 8~12%.
9. black-odor river pollution treatment method as claimed in claim 1, its feature also is by river aeration oxygenation, add complex micro organism fungicide, bed mud biological restoration and the measure of biological nest system is set and make after river water burst matter improves, gush stocked carp, planting aquatic plants in the river, further remove water pollutant and nutritive salt, strengthen the effect of restoration of the ecosystem.
CNA2008102189582A 2008-11-07 2008-11-07 A kind of black-odor river pollution treatment method CN101417840A (en)

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CN102249448A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-23 北京科技大学 System suitable for comprehensively treating bottom sediments in city inland river
CN102276068A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-12-14 襄樊赛洁环保科技有限公司 River channel ecological construction and water body restoring system
CN101591069B (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-01-25 东莞圣源环保科技有限公司 Method for treating polluted water body in lake
CN101591068B (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-03-14 东莞圣源环保科技有限公司 Method for treating polluted river
CN102432078A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-02 董文艺 In-site preparation for rapidly eliminating black and smelly matters in polluting bottom sediment of river and method thereof
CN102432107A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-05-02 上海水平衡环境科技发展有限公司 Biological integrated purification process for governing black and odorous river channels
CN101885553B (en) * 2009-05-14 2012-05-30 惠州市水星环境工程有限公司 Fixed reproductive microorganism sewage purifying and treating method and device
CN102583704A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 无锡丰陆环保科技有限公司 Processing method of ecological sewage
CN102583881A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-18 广东中大环保科技投资有限公司 Method for treating water quality of black-odor river channel
CN102910742A (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-02-06 河海大学 Preparation method of biological dredging ball for rural trench
CN103214099A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-07-24 吕健 Ecological restoration and purification method for water of lake and pool wet land
CN103332789A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for ecologically purifying black and odorous riverway water body
CN103641223A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-03-19 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for repairing black and odorous water caused by aquatic plant decay in lake
CN103951152A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-07-30 广东中大环保科技投资有限公司 Composite preparation capable of continuously reducing river course sediment and preparation method thereof
CN104525557A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 上海创博生态工程有限公司 Ecological restoration agent for fallow ginseng soil and preparation method of ecological restoration agent
CN104803570A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-29 广东碧水源生态科技有限公司 Ecological restoration and purification method for landscape water environment
CN104909469A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-09-16 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 River cross-section wastewater biological purification system
CN105110584A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Cover material for black and odorous bottom mud slow flow shallow water riverway and repairing method
CN105152345A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-16 四川鑫淼环保科技有限责任公司 Method for restoring existing lake water ecosystem
CN105174471A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-23 赵亚勋 Reinforced black odorous river microecological reconstruction/balance and water quality improvement method
CN105502867A (en) * 2016-02-06 2016-04-20 广东灵捷制造化工有限公司 Method for treating black and odorous water body bottom mud through microelectrolysis material
CN105502803A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-04-20 宋波 Black and odorous river comprehensive treatment and ecological restoration method
CN105565511A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-11 浙江裕腾百诺环保科技有限公司 Black and odorous river channel repair technology for reducing odor dissipation and gas distribution device
CN105585138A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-05-18 北京英特环科水处理工程设备有限公司 MANWMB (micro nano aeration wastewater microbial bioremediation) system for black and odorous river control and control method thereof
CN105668962A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 上海海洋大学 Method used for surface water polluted sediment remediation and nutrient release control
CN106830365A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-13 天津大学 A kind of biology is removed contamination water quality purification method
CN106830347A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-06-13 北京桑德环境工程有限公司 A kind of small watershed black and odorous water administering method
CN106830523A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-13 常州上善生态科技有限公司 A kind of method that black-odor riverway comprehensive water-body is administered
CN106927627A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-07 湖南新九方科技有限公司 A kind of method that black and odorous water and bed mud are administered
CN107098481A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-29 中林山水(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 Specificity microorganism for handling black and odorous water activates inserts
CN107188318A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-22 长江大学 A kind of black-odor riverway waste water control method
CN107298510A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-27 长安大学 A kind of modularization may move black-odor riverway governing system and method
CN107445432A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 湖北茂源水生态资源开发有限公司 A kind of riverbed sludge processing method
CN107651821A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-02-02 湖南永清环保研究院有限责任公司 A kind of black and odorous water sediment in-situ biochemistry renovation agent, preparation method and restorative procedure
CN107673558A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-02-09 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 A kind of black and odorous water purification method
CN108033575A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-15 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 A kind of black and odorous water remedying sludge method
CN108299025A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-20 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 A kind of application of black and odorous water remedying sludge haydite in planting
CN108298695A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-20 杭州秀川科技有限公司 A kind of administering method of river black and odorous water
CN108341494A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-07-31 苏州硕亚环保科技有限公司 A method of administering black and odorous river in a short time
CN108358682A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-03 中国科学院水生生物研究所 A kind of ecological environment-friendly type submerged plant growth accelerating agent and preparation method and application
CN108623087A (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-10-09 泉州市新智环保工程有限公司 A kind of technique of bad water body and deep water culture improvement
CN108726666A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 A kind of black and odorous water renovation agent and preparation method and application
CN109019869A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-18 珠海强龙生物科技有限公司 A kind of water quality ecological repairs bacterium and its application method
CN109052654A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-12-21 北京天诚众合科技发展有限公司 A method of for improving the smelly water of urban black
CN109293131A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-01 广州微问环保科技有限公司 A kind of method of original position self-purification black and odorous water
CN109607994A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-04-12 南京泽生环保科技有限公司 A kind of bed mud improvement agent prescription and preparation method thereof
CN110183075A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-08-30 福建川云里水利建设有限公司 A kind of river regulation method
CN110547231A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-12-10 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber pond in-situ remediation method
CN111549719A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-18 南京市生态环境保护科学研究院 Ecological restoration system for hard river channel and treatment method thereof

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CN101885553B (en) * 2009-05-14 2012-05-30 惠州市水星环境工程有限公司 Fixed reproductive microorganism sewage purifying and treating method and device
CN101591069B (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-01-25 东莞圣源环保科技有限公司 Method for treating polluted water body in lake
CN101591068B (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-03-14 东莞圣源环保科技有限公司 Method for treating polluted river
CN102249448A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-23 北京科技大学 System suitable for comprehensively treating bottom sediments in city inland river
CN102249448B (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-28 北京科技大学 System suitable for comprehensively treating bottom sediments in city inland river
CN102276068A (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-12-14 襄樊赛洁环保科技有限公司 River channel ecological construction and water body restoring system
CN102432107A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-05-02 上海水平衡环境科技发展有限公司 Biological integrated purification process for governing black and odorous river channels
CN102432078A (en) * 2011-10-13 2012-05-02 董文艺 In-site preparation for rapidly eliminating black and smelly matters in polluting bottom sediment of river and method thereof
CN102432078B (en) * 2011-10-13 2014-05-07 董文艺 In-site preparation for rapidly eliminating black and smelly matters in polluting bottom sediment of river and method thereof
CN102583881A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-18 广东中大环保科技投资有限公司 Method for treating water quality of black-odor river channel
CN102583704A (en) * 2012-03-19 2012-07-18 无锡丰陆环保科技有限公司 Processing method of ecological sewage
CN102910742A (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-02-06 河海大学 Preparation method of biological dredging ball for rural trench
CN102910742B (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-11-06 河海大学 Preparation method of biological dredging ball for rural trench
CN103214099A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-07-24 吕健 Ecological restoration and purification method for water of lake and pool wet land
CN103214099B (en) * 2013-05-07 2015-04-15 广东天一圆生态建筑设计院有限公司 Ecological restoration and purification method for water of lake and pool wet land
CN103332789A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for ecologically purifying black and odorous riverway water body
CN103332789B (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-11-26 惠州市东江园林工程有限公司 Method for ecologically purifying black and odorous riverway water body
CN103641223A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-03-19 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Method for repairing black and odorous water caused by aquatic plant decay in lake
CN103951152A (en) * 2014-04-23 2014-07-30 广东中大环保科技投资有限公司 Composite preparation capable of continuously reducing river course sediment and preparation method thereof
CN103951152B (en) * 2014-04-23 2016-02-03 广东中大环保科技投资有限公司 Compound formulation of a kind of sustainable reduction river bottom mud and preparation method thereof
CN104525557A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 上海创博生态工程有限公司 Ecological restoration agent for fallow ginseng soil and preparation method of ecological restoration agent
CN104803570A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-29 广东碧水源生态科技有限公司 Ecological restoration and purification method for landscape water environment
CN104909469A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-09-16 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 River cross-section wastewater biological purification system
CN105110584A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Cover material for black and odorous bottom mud slow flow shallow water riverway and repairing method
CN105174471A (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-23 赵亚勋 Reinforced black odorous river microecological reconstruction/balance and water quality improvement method
CN105152345A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-16 四川鑫淼环保科技有限责任公司 Method for restoring existing lake water ecosystem
CN105152345B (en) * 2015-09-28 2018-09-18 四川靓固科技集团有限公司 Repair the method for having the Lake Water ecosystem
CN105502803A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-04-20 宋波 Black and odorous river comprehensive treatment and ecological restoration method
CN105565511A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-11 浙江裕腾百诺环保科技有限公司 Black and odorous river channel repair technology for reducing odor dissipation and gas distribution device
CN105565511B (en) * 2016-02-03 2019-01-15 浙江裕腾百诺环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of black-odor riverway renovation technique and distribution device reducing foul smell loss
CN105502867B (en) * 2016-02-06 2019-04-05 广东灵捷制造化工有限公司 A method of black and odorous water bed mud is handled with micro-electrolysis material
CN105502867A (en) * 2016-02-06 2016-04-20 广东灵捷制造化工有限公司 Method for treating black and odorous water body bottom mud through microelectrolysis material
CN105585138A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-05-18 北京英特环科水处理工程设备有限公司 MANWMB (micro nano aeration wastewater microbial bioremediation) system for black and odorous river control and control method thereof
CN105585138B (en) * 2016-02-29 2019-01-18 北京英特环科水处理工程设备有限公司 A kind of the MNAWMB system and its administering method of black-odor riverway improvement
CN105668962A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-15 上海海洋大学 Method used for surface water polluted sediment remediation and nutrient release control
CN105668962B (en) * 2016-03-21 2018-07-13 上海海洋大学 A method of it is controlled for pollution of water remedying sludge and Nutrient release
CN106830347A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-06-13 北京桑德环境工程有限公司 A kind of small watershed black and odorous water administering method
CN106927627A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-07 湖南新九方科技有限公司 A kind of method that black and odorous water and bed mud are administered
CN106830523A (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-06-13 常州上善生态科技有限公司 A kind of method that black-odor riverway comprehensive water-body is administered
CN106830365A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-06-13 天津大学 A kind of biology is removed contamination water quality purification method
CN108623087A (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-10-09 泉州市新智环保工程有限公司 A kind of technique of bad water body and deep water culture improvement
CN108623087B (en) * 2017-03-24 2021-01-26 泉州市新智环保工程有限公司 Process for treating bad water body and deep water culture
CN107098481A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-08-29 中林山水(北京)生态科技股份有限公司 Specificity microorganism for handling black and odorous water activates inserts
CN107188318A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-22 长江大学 A kind of black-odor riverway waste water control method
CN107188318B (en) * 2017-05-18 2020-10-20 长江大学 Black and odorous river sewage treatment method
CN107298510A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-27 长安大学 A kind of modularization may move black-odor riverway governing system and method
CN107445432A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-12-08 湖北茂源水生态资源开发有限公司 A kind of riverbed sludge processing method
CN107673558A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-02-09 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 A kind of black and odorous water purification method
CN107673558B (en) * 2017-11-01 2020-12-04 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Black and odorous water body purification method
CN107651821A (en) * 2017-11-09 2018-02-02 湖南永清环保研究院有限责任公司 A kind of black and odorous water sediment in-situ biochemistry renovation agent, preparation method and restorative procedure
CN108033575A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-15 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 A kind of black and odorous water remedying sludge method
CN108299025A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-20 广州市环境保护工程设计院有限公司 A kind of application of black and odorous water remedying sludge haydite in planting
CN108298695A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-20 杭州秀川科技有限公司 A kind of administering method of river black and odorous water
CN108341494A (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-07-31 苏州硕亚环保科技有限公司 A method of administering black and odorous river in a short time
CN108358682A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-03 中国科学院水生生物研究所 A kind of ecological environment-friendly type submerged plant growth accelerating agent and preparation method and application
CN109052654A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-12-21 北京天诚众合科技发展有限公司 A method of for improving the smelly water of urban black
CN108726666A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 A kind of black and odorous water renovation agent and preparation method and application
CN109019869A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-18 珠海强龙生物科技有限公司 A kind of water quality ecological repairs bacterium and its application method
CN109293131B (en) * 2018-09-18 2020-01-21 广州微问环保科技有限公司 Method for naturally purifying black and odorous water body in situ
CN109293131A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-01 广州微问环保科技有限公司 A kind of method of original position self-purification black and odorous water
CN109607994A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-04-12 南京泽生环保科技有限公司 A kind of bed mud improvement agent prescription and preparation method thereof
CN110183075A (en) * 2019-07-06 2019-08-30 福建川云里水利建设有限公司 A kind of river regulation method
CN110547231A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-12-10 大连海洋大学 Sea cucumber pond in-situ remediation method
CN111549719A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-18 南京市生态环境保护科学研究院 Ecological restoration system for hard river channel and treatment method thereof
CN111549719B (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-11-10 南京市生态环境保护科学研究院 Ecological restoration system for hard river channel

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Application publication date: 20090429