CN101278633A - Plate set type alms bowl shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and method for raising seedling - Google Patents

Plate set type alms bowl shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and method for raising seedling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101278633A
CN101278633A CNA2008100614667A CN200810061466A CN101278633A CN 101278633 A CN101278633 A CN 101278633A CN A2008100614667 A CNA2008100614667 A CN A2008100614667A CN 200810061466 A CN200810061466 A CN 200810061466A CN 101278633 A CN101278633 A CN 101278633A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
tray
bowl
blanket
inner disc
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2008100614667A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱德峰
徐一成
陈惠哲
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China National Rice Research Institute
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China National Rice Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China National Rice Research Institute filed Critical China National Rice Research Institute
Priority to CNA2008100614667A priority Critical patent/CN101278633A/en
Publication of CN101278633A publication Critical patent/CN101278633A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a sleeve tray type bowl and blanket-shaped seedling tray of rice seedlings. The seedling tray includes an inner tray and an outer tray which are separated from each other, the inner tray is sheathed in the outer tray, the inner tray is a soft tray, the inner tray is regularly provided with a plurality of bowls in an isscross way, and the bowl is provided with a plurality of water permeable holes, the periphery of the outer tray is provided with a hard edge, the height of which is higher than that of the inner tray, and the outer tray is provided with a plurality of water permeable holes. After the rice seedlings are raised, the seedling tray has convenient seedling lifting and good blanket forming capability, which can meet the requirements of low cost, fixed amount, low seedling damage rate of the rice seedlings transplanted by a machine. Furthermore, the seedling tray can not only lead to the regular and tidy periphery of the raised bowl and blanket-shaped rice seedlings, but also can facilitate seedling lifting; furthermore, the inner tray has low cost, thus the comprehensive seedling raising cost can be reduced. The invention also provides a seedling lifting method for the seedling tray. The method is that the inner tray, together with the seedlings, is firstly separated from the outer tray, and then the inner tray is separated from the seedlings. In this way, the blanket shape of seedlings can be effectively kept, thus a rice transplanter can carry out segmentation transplanting more easily and accurately.

Description

Cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk has reached the seedling method
Technical field
The present invention relates to rice mechanization rice transplanting seedling dish.
Background technology
The used rice shoot of rice transplanter is generally blanket appearance seedling, promptly uses a kind of rectangle plastics seedling plate seedling raising, places subsoil during seedling and form the seedbed in the seedling dish, and seed is unordered to be spread out on the seedbed at random, breeds blanket appearance seedling.Unordered sowing makes the rice shoot uniformity of growing in the dish poor, and the quantity variance that rice transplanter grasps rice shoot at every turn is bigger; Seeding quantity is bigger, and the quantity that at every turn grasps rice shoot is many.This method is not suitable for hybrid rice and transplants requirement, because the damaged seedling rate height, it is slow to turn green after the transplanting, and early onset is poor.The requirement that hybrid rice is transplanted rice shoot is single basis, strong seedling.For this reason, the inventor has invented bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling, has fundamentally solved this problem, and the root bottom of this rice shoot becomes the form of alms bowl shape rice shoot, and root top is interconnected to the blanket shape so be called bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling.The characteristics of this rice shoot are the characteristics and the advantages of collection alms bowl shape rice shoot and blanket appearance seedling, and both adjustable point location, quantitatively sowing can make rice shoot interconnect in flakes again, were convenient to rice transplanter and used, and satisfied the requirement that hybrid rice is transplanted.Present disclosed cultivation bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk, the alms bowl bowl top that it has a protrusion for the bottom has the monoblock type seedling dish of limit wall, utilizes this seedling dish can cultivate bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling effectively.But find that in practice breeding back taking-up rice shoot from the seedling dish at rice shoot has certain difficulty, the blanket shape shape of rice shoot is destroyed easily, influences the use of rice transplanter.And be difficult to take into account frame characteristics and the requirement different separately with the alms bowl bowl when making the seedling dish, the frame of the seedling dish that makes and alms bowl bowl are soft equally, make that the boundary shape of breeding rice shoot is irregular, influence normal rice transplanting.
Summary of the invention
The present invention's technical problem at first to be solved is for providing a kind of cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk that can be suitable for the requirement of hybrid rice machine transplanting of rice seedling.For this reason, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: described seedling dish comprises the outer dish and the inner disc of split, inner disc is placed in the outer dish, inner disc is a floppy disk, inner disc is arranged in length and breadth regularly some alms bowl bowls that are provided with permeable hole is set, the periphery of outer dish is provided with the hard-edge wall, and described hard-edge wall is higher than the height of inner disc, and outer dish is provided with some permeable holes.Because adopt technical scheme of the present invention, after rice shoot was bred, the rice shoot in the seedling dish had both connected into blanket, press the Cong Youxu arranged distribution simultaneously again, it is convenient to play seedling, and rice shoot becomes blanket good, reaches quantitative, the low machine transplanting of rice seedling requirement of damaged seedling rate of few basis of hybrid rice.And particularly outstanding is that the present invention can take into account the characteristics of limit wall and alms bowl bowl, can make the peripheral shape of the bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling of breeding regular, has been convenient to seedling again, and the cost of inner disc is low, can reduce comprehensive seedling cost.
Another technical problem to be solved of the present invention provides a kind of seedling method that rises of above-mentioned cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk.For this reason, the present invention by the following technical solutions: it at first separates together with rice shoot inner disc with outer dish, separate inner disc and rice shoot then.Owing to adopt technical scheme of the present invention, can when playing seedling, keep the blanket shape of rice shoot to be shaped effectively, thereby make that trans-planter separate cleft cutting seedling is more easy and accurate.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of embodiment provided by the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the outer dish cutaway view along Figure 1A-A line.
Fig. 4 is the inner disc cutaway view along Figure 1A-A line.
Fig. 5 is for utilizing seedling dish embodiment seedling Cheng Miaohou provided by the present invention, along form schematic diagram between the rice shoot of Figure 1A-A hatching.
Embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1,2,3,4.Seedling dish provided by the present invention adopts split modular structure, it comprises the outer dish 1 and the inner disc 2 of split, inner disc is placed in the outer dish, inner disc is a floppy disk, inner disc is arranged in length and breadth regularly some alms bowl bowls 20 is set, the bottom of alms bowl bowl 20 is provided with permeable aperture 21, being shaped as up big and down small rounding taper type or falling square cone of alms bowl bowl.The periphery of outer dish is provided with hard-edge wall 11, described hard-edge wall is higher than the height of inner disc, outer dish is provided with some permeable holes 12, the permeable hole 12 of outer dish is can consistent also position with permeable hole 21 quantity of alms bowl bowl corresponding, can the position not corresponding yet, perhaps, coiling the quantity of permeable hole 12 outward also can be more than the quantity of alms bowl bowl permeable hole 21, perhaps, as present embodiment, the quantity of the permeable hole 12 of outer dish is less than the quantity of alms bowl bowl permeable hole 21.The inner disc neighboring undersized of described seedling dish in or equal outside dish hard-edge wall inner rim size.In the present embodiment, the peripheral shape of described disk body is rectangular.
In order to have further facilitated seedling and the simplified structure that reduces cost, as shown in the figure, the bottom of described inner disc alms bowl bowl is shelved on the trying to get to the heart of a matter of outer dish.
Inner disc can adopt plastic film to make integral structure through plastic uptake or compression moulding or formed with the convenient rice shoot that takes out from the alms bowl bowl by compactings such as papery things, outer dish then can adopt hard materials such as duroplasts to make or be made with certain thickness and integral structure with suitable hardness, the seedling dish mechanical transport when being convenient to mechanical sock growing nursery.
In force, the height of described inner disc alms bowl bowl preferably be controlled at more than or equal to outer Pan Yingbianbi height 1/4 smaller or equal to outer Pan Yingbianbi highly 1/2.Like this, under the prerequisite that keeps above-mentioned advantage, can be convenient to the rice shoot root system development on the alms bowl bowl, improve the one-tenth blanket of rice shoot, and, be convenient on rice transplanter, rice shoot be tripped out from inner disc, thereby further facilitate transplanting work.
With reference to accompanying drawing 5, during seedling, inner disc is inserted in the outer dish, be held on the outer tray bottom, in the seedling dish, put into subsoil to surpassing alms bowl bowl certain thickness, again the corresponding alms bowl bowl of seed position is sowed at the subsoil surface, make the orderly discharging of seed formation by alms bowl bowl spread pattern, last coverage rate soil, face soil covers in the whole disk body, and the border of limit wall 11 formation face soil all around is in the process of growth of rice shoot, because the extensibility of root, part root is in inner disc alms bowl bowl, and growth makes each pot seedling be interconnected to a slice and forms bowl-shaped blanket appearance seedling in the outer disc portion soil of a part of root on the alms bowl bowl, and adjacent rice shoot links to each other by the top root to a great extent, both guaranteed the bonding strength between rice shoot and connected formability, made again that trans-planter separate cleft cutting seedling was more easy simultaneously.
Earlier inner disc is separated with outer dish together with rice shoot during seedling taking, because the connection effect of inner disc is taken out rice shoot easily from outer dish.And then before rice transplanting, separate inner disc and rice shoot, because inner disc is a floppy disk, separate easily.Described rice shoot comprises rice shoot itself, also comprises the attached soil that rice shoot itself is related simultaneously.

Claims (7)

1, cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk, it is characterized in that described seedling dish comprises the outer dish and the inner disc of split, inner disc is placed in the outer dish, inner disc is a floppy disk, inner disc is arranged in length and breadth regularly some alms bowl bowls that are provided with permeable hole is set, the periphery of outer dish is provided with the hard-edge wall, and described hard-edge wall is higher than the height of inner disc, and outer dish is provided with some permeable holes.
2, cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk as claimed in claim 1, the inner disc neighboring undersized that it is characterized in that described seedling dish in or equal outside dish hard-edge wall inner rim size.
3, cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that inner disc adopts plastic film to make integral structure through plastic uptake or compression moulding or formed by compactings such as papery things, hard materials such as outer dish employing duroplasts are made or are made with certain thickness and integral structure with suitable hardness.
4, as claim 1 or 2 or described cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk, it is characterized in that the peripheral shape of described disk body is rectangular.
5,, it is characterized in that the bottom of described inner disc alms bowl bowl is shelved on the trying to get to the heart of a matter of outer dish as claim 1 or 2 or described cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk.
6, as claim 1 or 2 or described cover disc type bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk, the height that it is characterized in that described inner disc alms bowl bowl more than or equal to outer Pan Yingbianbi height 1/4 smaller or equal to outer Pan Yingbianbi highly 1/2.
7, the seedling method that rises of the described cover disc type of a kind of claim 1 bowl blanket-shaped seedling rice seedling raising disk is characterized in that it at first separates together with rice shoot inner disc with outer dish, separates inner disc and rice shoot then.
CNA2008100614667A 2008-05-04 2008-05-04 Plate set type alms bowl shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and method for raising seedling Pending CN101278633A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100614667A CN101278633A (en) 2008-05-04 2008-05-04 Plate set type alms bowl shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and method for raising seedling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100614667A CN101278633A (en) 2008-05-04 2008-05-04 Plate set type alms bowl shaped blanket-liked seedling-cultivation plate and method for raising seedling

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CN101278633A true CN101278633A (en) 2008-10-08

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392589A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-11-20 巢湖春友种业科技有限公司 New method for hybrid rice seed production
CN104620738A (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-20 卢仁华 Seedling raising tray special for rice transplanter
CN104705137A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-06-17 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Rice seedling raising method for mechanical transplanting
CN105766462A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-20 王卫真 Movably inserted rod type enhanced seedling tray with degradable material tray
CN107114143A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-01 中国水稻研究所 A kind of soft bottom hard-edge paddy rice nursery method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392589A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-11-20 巢湖春友种业科技有限公司 New method for hybrid rice seed production
CN103392589B (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-08-26 巢湖春友种业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding of hybrid rice new method
CN104620738A (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-20 卢仁华 Seedling raising tray special for rice transplanter
CN104705137A (en) * 2015-04-03 2015-06-17 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Rice seedling raising method for mechanical transplanting
CN104705137B (en) * 2015-04-03 2017-02-22 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Rice seedling raising method for mechanical transplanting
CN105766462A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-07-20 王卫真 Movably inserted rod type enhanced seedling tray with degradable material tray
CN107114143A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-01 中国水稻研究所 A kind of soft bottom hard-edge paddy rice nursery method

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Application publication date: 20081008