CN101239530B - Stereo carving machine - Google Patents

Stereo carving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101239530B
CN101239530B CN 200810060107 CN200810060107A CN101239530B CN 101239530 B CN101239530 B CN 101239530B CN 200810060107 CN200810060107 CN 200810060107 CN 200810060107 A CN200810060107 A CN 200810060107A CN 101239530 B CN101239530 B CN 101239530B
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screw
fixed
vertical
drive
working platform
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CN101239530A (en
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吴善旺
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吴善旺
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Abstract

The invention provides a three-dimensional engraving machine, which belongs to the field of mechanical technology. The invention solves the problems that the existing engraving machine does not slide smoothly, has poor stability and low accuracy of transmission. The three-dimensional engraving machine comprises a frame and a crossbeam which is fixedly installed above the frame and horizontal positioned. A tool rack is installed in the side face of the crossbeam and is used for installing cutting tools. A horizontal trailing bar is installed between the tool rack and the crossbeam, connected by horizontal guideways in horizontal direction. A vertical trailing bar is installed between the tool rack and the horizontal trailing bar, connected by vertical guideways in vertical direction. The tool rack is fixedly installed on the vertical trailing bar. A working platform is placed beneath the crossbeam and has some workpiece clamping mechanisms corresponding to the cutting tools. At least one vertical guideway is horizontally and longitudinally positioned between the frame and the working platform to connect the frame and the working platform. A drive mechanism three is installed on theframe to drive the working platform to move along the vertical guideway. The three-dimensional engraving machine has the advantages of good moving stability and high accuracy of movement and location.

Description

立体雕刻机 D engraver

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于机械技术领域,涉及一种立体雕刻机,特别是一种立体雕刻机。 [0001] TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention belongs, to a three-dimensional engraving machine, in particular a three-dimensional engraving machine. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在现有技术中,雕刻机的机头都按直角三维坐标系建立的方向运动。 [0002] In the prior art, the direction of head engraving machine are established by the three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system movement. 如中国专利申请号为95226290. 8公开的“三维自由轨迹智能数控雕刻机”,其雕刻机底座内有伺服电机驱动器,机座上有伺服电机与变速箱相连接,纵横拖板之间有燕尾导轨,蜗轮变速箱装于横拖板左侧,立柱上端面有用于装刀具的升降拖板,通过这种结构可以实现工件与刀具的 The Chinese Patent Application No. 95226290.8 discloses a "three-dimensional engraving machine intelligent CNC free track" servo motor which drives the base of the engraving machine, the machine base servomotor and gearbox is connected between the vertical and horizontal dovetail carriage rails mounted on the lateral left side of the worm wheel transmission carriage, the end face of the column for lifting the tool-carriage, the workpiece and the tool can be achieved by such a structure

三维运动。 Three-dimensional movement.

[0003] 上述的专利申请公开的雕刻机只能加工一些尺寸较小的工艺品,如玉器、象牙等小尺寸物件,而对于大于1米以上的大尺寸的物件如大型的佛像等工艺品则无法适用。 [0003] The Patent Application Publication engraving machine can process some of the smaller size products, such as jade, ivory and other small objects, while the object for greater than 1 meter or as large a large size can not be applicable statues and other crafts . 因为在雕刻大尺寸的雕刻机的三维运动中,机头的移动精度和定位的精度是由为重要的,否则就会出现大量的次品,严重时会损坏机器。 Because the three-dimensional motion of large-size carving engraving machine, precision movement and positioning accuracy of the head is made is important, otherwise there will be a lot of defects, severe damage to the machine.

[0004] 而可以加工大尺寸工件的雕刻机,如中国专利申请20052009M77. 3的“CNC雕刻机”,它公开了龙门及由钢架支撑的工作平台,在龙门横梁的垂直面上设有两条直线导轨, 主轴导轨架套装在横梁上与直线导轨滑动配合,两条直线导轨安装在主轴导轨垂直表面上,两导轨之间的精密丝杠通过对轮式联轴器与主轴导轨连接固定;主轴电机由螺栓固定在主轴架上,主轴架套装在主轴导轨架上与导轨滑动配合;所述龙门的横梁部分水平搭接在钢架两侧的立臂上端,通过螺栓夹紧固定,紧密齿轮固定在所述钢架两侧的立臂上与对应的精密齿条传动连接,龙门与直线导轨滑动配合。 [0004] The large size of the workpiece can be processed and the engraving machine, such as China patent application 20052009M77. 3 of "the CNC engraving machine", which discloses a gantry supported by a steel frame and the working platform in the vertical plane of the gantry is provided with two beams Article linear guide rail rack shaft linearly slidable fit with the guide rail set on the beam, two linear guide rail mounted on a vertical surface of the spindle, between two guide rails precision screw through the coupling wheel fixedly connected to the spindle rail; the spindle motor is bolted to the main frame, with the spindle headstock set frame rail and the slide rail; level of the gantry beam portion overlaps the vertical sides of the steel frame arm ends, fixing the clamp by a bolt, close gear precision rack gear fixed to the vertical arm and the corresponding sides of the steel connections, the gantry sliding fit with the linear guide. 由于龙门的横梁通过立臂支撑起横梁, 用来承受立臂和横梁的重力都集中在设置在工作台的两侧的导轨上,在力臂上还设有用于齿条传动的电机,使得导轨的承受力增大,横梁在导轨上的阻力也增大,影响了横梁在导轨上滑动的顺畅性,严重影响了雕刻机三维运动的稳定性和传动的精度。 Since the gantry beam by a beam support from the arms, the arms and the cross member to withstand the gravitational force are concentrated on the guide rails disposed at both sides of the table, is also provided with a force arm for the rack drive motor, so that the guide rail endurance is increased, the resistance on the rail beams also increases, affecting the smoothness of the sliding on the rail beam, seriously affecting the precision and stability of the transmission of three-dimensional motion of the engraving machine.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是针对现有的立体雕刻机存在的上述的问题,提供一种运动稳定性高、移动和定位精度高的雕刻机。 [0005] The object of the present invention is directed to the above-described problems of the conventional D engraver present, there is provided an exercise high stability, high accuracy of the movement and positioning of the engraving machine.

[0006] 本发明的目的可通过下列技术方案来实现:一种立体雕刻机,包括机架和固定在机架上方按水平横向设置的横梁,在横梁的侧面上设置用于安装若干刀具的刀具架,在刀具架和横梁之间设有与水平横向设置的横导轨相连接的横拖板,在横拖板和刀具架之间设有与垂直设置的竖导轨相连接的竖拖块,上述的刀具架固定在竖拖块上,所述的横梁上设有驱动横拖板沿横导轨移动的驱动机构一,在横拖板上设有驱动竖拖块沿竖导轨移动的驱动机构二,其特征在于,所述的横梁下方设有工作平台,在工作平台上设置与刀具数量相同的工件夹持机构,在机架和工作平台之间设有两条水平纵向放置的纵导轨,在机架上设有用于驱动工作平台沿纵导轨移动的驱动机构三。 [0006] The object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical scheme: A three-dimensional engraving machine, comprising a fixed frame and beam over the rack horizontally transversely disposed, on the side of the cross member is provided for mounting a plurality of cutter knives frame, between the tool holder and the carriage cross beams is provided with a horizontal cross rail disposed laterally connected with the vertical drag block with vertical guide rails disposed vertically connected between the transverse slide and the tool holder, the above-described the tool holder is fixed to the vertical drag block provided on said carriage along the horizontal beam drive mechanism for moving the cross rail a drive, the drive plate is provided with vertical, horizontal tow drag block drive mechanism along the vertical guide rail II, characterized in that the cross member is provided below the work platform, arranged in the same number of tools on the working platform of the work holding device, between the frame and the working platform is provided with two horizontal longitudinal guide rails disposed vertically in the machine frame is provided with a drive mechanism for driving the work platform three longitudinal guide rail.

[0007] 本立体雕刻机可以将刀具驱动到工件的任意位置上。 [0007] The present perspective engraving machine tool can be driven to any position on the workpiece. 刀具架固定在竖拖块上,而竖拖块连接在横拖板上,在以横导轨、竖导轨和纵导轨建立的三维空间中,驱动机构一驱动横拖板在横导轨上来回移动,实现刀具的水平横向移动;驱动机构二驱动竖拖块在竖导轨上来回移动,实现刀具在垂直竖直方向上的移动;驱动机构三驱动工作平台在纵导轨上来回移动,实现工件在水平纵向上的移动,并使工作平台经过横梁。 The tool holder is fixed to the vertical drag block, while the vertical drag block is attached to the cross-mopping, cross rail in three-dimensional space, and a longitudinal vertical guide rails established, the drive mechanism driving a carriage moving back and forth in the transverse cross rail, moving the tool horizontally to achieve; second drive mechanism driving the vertical drag block is moved back and forth on the vertical guide rail, moving the tool in a vertical achieve vertical direction; three drive mechanism driving the work platform in the longitudinal guide rails move back and forth, in the longitudinal direction of the workpiece to achieve the level of mobile, and work on the platform through the transom. 只将横拖板和竖拖块设置在横梁上,使横梁承受的力得以减少,而横梁又固定在机架上,增加了横拖板和竖拖块的稳定性,使横拖板和竖拖块的移动和定位的精度提高,次品率降低。 Only the horizontal slide and the vertical drag block disposed on the beam, so that the force received beam is reduced, and the cross member fixed to the frame, increases the stability of the cross-slide and a vertical drag block the vertical and horizontal carriage precision movement and positioning of the drag blocks increase, decrease the defect rate.

[0008] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的驱动机构三包括设置在机架中间的丝杆三和套接在丝杆三上可在丝杆三上来回移动的连接块三,以及固定在机架上的驱动电机三,上述的丝杆三连接在驱动电机三的转轴上,连接块三固定在工作平台上。 [0008] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, the drive mechanism includes three back and forth the center of the frame on the screw and socket screw three three blocks on three connecting three screw movement, and fixed a drive motor on the frame three, the above-described three screw connected to the drive shaft of the motor three, three connecting block is fixed on the working platform. 驱动电机三将带动丝杆转动,而与丝杆套接的连接块就会在丝杆上来回移动,这样就实现了工作平台在水平纵向的来回移动。 Three will drive the driving motor rotates the lead screw, with the screw socket connecting block will traverse the screw, thus achieving a work platform moves back and forth in a horizontal longitudinal direction. 丝杆传动的传动进度高且定位效果好。 Progress screw drive transmission is high and good positioning effect. 将丝杆设置在机架的中间,使得驱动机构传动时工作平台的受力均衡,提高了工作平台移动的稳定性,以及移动和定位的精度。 The screw is provided in the middle of the frame, so that the force balance when the driving mechanism drives the work platform, the work platform to improve the stability of movement, and movement and positioning accuracy.

[0009] 作为驱动机构三的第二种情况,在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的驱动机构三包括固定在工作平台中部的水平纵向放置的齿条和与齿条啮合的齿轮,在机架上固定有驱动电机三,上述的齿轮连接在驱动电机三的转轴上。 [0009] As a second case of three drive mechanism, in the above-described three-dimensional engraving machine, said drive mechanism including three rack and pinion meshed with the rack fixed at the middle level of the working platform is placed longitudinally in the machine three fixed frame drive motor, a gear connected to the above-described three driving motor shaft. 驱动电机三将带动齿轮转动,齿轮又与齿条相啮合,固定在工作平台上的齿条会随着齿轮的转动而来回移动,这样就实现了工作平台在水平纵向的来回移动。 Three driving motor rotates the drive gear, and meshed with a rack gear fixed on the working platform with the rotation of the gear of the rack can be moved back and forth, thereby bringing the working platform moves back and forth in a horizontal longitudinal direction. 用齿轮传动代替丝杆传动可以减低制造的成本,适合不同的消费客户的需求。 Instead of using screw drive gear can reduce manufacturing costs, suitable for different consumer needs of customers.

[0010] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的夹持机构包括设置在工作平台上可转动的转盘和能够与转盘形成夹持住工件且能够在转盘轴线方向上伸缩的顶尖。 [0010] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, said clamping means comprises a working platform arranged on the rotatable turntable and the turntable is capable of forming clamping the workpiece and a stretchable stay on the turntable top axial direction. 通过转盘和顶尖将工件夹持住。 The workpiece clamped by the turntable and the top. 夹持机构的个数与刀具一一对应。 The number of the clamping mechanism and the tool-one correspondence.

[0011] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的工作平台中固定有两根沿水平纵向平行设置的圆柱导轨,在每个圆柱导轨上套有滑块,在两个滑块上固定有板条,上述的顶尖固定在板条上。 [0011] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, said work platform secured to two horizontal cylindrical guide arranged parallel to the longitudinal, cylindrical guide sleeve on each slider, the two sliders on the fixed plate bar, above the top slat is fixed. 通过这种结构可以先将顶尖靠近转盘后在将工件夹持住。 By such a configuration may be first in the top near the rear wheel stay clamping the workpiece.

[0012] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的驱动机构一包括设置在横梁上的丝杆一和套接在丝杆一上可在丝杆一上来回移动的连接块一,以及固定在横梁上的驱动电机一,上述的丝杆一连接在驱动电机一的转轴上,连接块一固定在横拖板上。 [0012] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, said drive means comprises a cross member disposed on the screw and a socket screw in the screw is movable in a back and forth on an upper connecting block a, and the fixed a driving motor on the beam, above a screw connected to the drive shaft of a motor, a connecting block fixed to the cross-mopping.

[0013] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的驱动机构二包括设置在横拖板上的丝杆二和套接在丝杆二上可在丝杆二上来回移动的连接块二,以及固定在横拖板上的驱动电机二,上述的丝杆二连接在驱动电机二的转轴上,连接块二固定在刀具的刀具架上。 [0013] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, the drive mechanism includes two back and forth on the screw in the two screw connection two blocks of the second mobile, and the two lateral drag plate and screw sockets a driving motor fixed to the two lateral mopping, above-described two screw connected to the drive motor shaft II, two connecting block is fixed in the tool holder of the tool.

[0014] 驱动机构一和驱动机构二均可用齿轮传动或着同步带传动的方式来实现,而用丝杆传动是本方案中最优选的方案。 [0014] a drive mechanism and a drive mechanism or two drive gear can be a way to achieve synchronous belt drive, screw drive but with the present embodiment is the most preferred embodiment.

[0015] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的刀具架呈长条状,上述的刀具为若干个且按直线排列的方式固定在刀具架上。 [0015] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, the elongated bar-shaped tool holder, the tool described above and according to a plurality of linearly arranged fixed to the tool holder. 为了提供工作效率,本刀具架制成长条状,这样就可以并列安装多个刀具,可以一次同时加工多个工件,实现批量生产。 In order to increase the productivity, the tool holder of the present system into strips, so that a plurality of tools can be mounted in parallel, a plurality of workpieces can be processed at one time, to achieve mass production.

[0016] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的横拖板位于刀具架的中间。 [0016] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, the transverse carriage in the middle of the tool holder. 通过这种结构来平衡刀具架,增加刀具架的稳定性。 The tool holder is balanced by such a structure, to increase the stability of the tool holder.

[0017] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的横导轨、竖导轨和纵导轨各有两根且平行设置。 [0017] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, said cross rail, each vertical guide rail, and two longitudinal and parallel. 用两根导轨可以提高在横导轨、竖导轨和纵导轨上的移动精度。 With two guide rails can improve accuracy in the movement of the cross rail, a longitudinal vertical guide rail and the guide rail. [0018] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的驱动电机一、驱动电机二和驱动电机三均与电子控制系统相连接。 [0018] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, according to a drive motor, drive motor and two drive motors are three-phase connected to the electronic control system. 各个驱动电机受电子控制系统的控制。 Each drive motor is controlled by an electronic control system. 这里的电子控制系统均可从市场上够得。 Here's electronic control systems can reach it from the market. 驱动电机可采用步进电机或者伺服电机。 The driving motor can be a stepping motor or servo motor. 在电子控制系统的控制下,按照程序编程的步骤控制横拖板、竖拖块和工作平台的移动,实现刀具对工件在任意位置上进行加工。 Under the control of the electronic control system, in accordance with the steps of programming the control cross-carriage, the vertical movement of the work platform and drag block to achieve a tool machining a workpiece at a desired position.

[0019] 在上述的立体雕刻机中,所述的刀具架上设有与刀具一一对应设置的用于驱动刀具旋转的水冷高速电机。 [0019] In the three-dimensional engraving machine, the tool holder is provided with the tool for driving the tool disposed rotating water-cooled one-speed motor.

[0020] 与现有技术相比,本立体雕刻机具有以下优点: [0020] Compared with the prior art, the present three-dimensional engraving machine has the following advantages:

[0021] 1、本立体雕刻机中,由于可以将工件放置移动的工作平台上,工件可移动的范围增大,因此本三维运动装置可以加工大型的工件,增大了使用范围大。 [0021] 1, the three-dimensional carving machine, since the workpiece may be placed on the working platform moves, the movable range of the workpiece is increased, thus the present apparatus can process a large three-dimensional motion of the workpieces, a large increase in the use range.

[0022] 2、水冷电机和刀具都设置在刀具架上,且刀具架和横拖板都连接在横梁上,而横梁是固定在机架上,不再使横梁做水平纵向移动,提高了移动的稳定性。 [0022] 2, water-cooled motor and the tools are disposed in the tool holder and the tool holder and the transverse carriage are connected to the beam, and the beam is fixed to the frame, so that beams do not move longitudinally horizontally, to improve the movement stability.

[0023] 3、在刀具架上设有若干用于雕刻的刀具和用于驱动刀具的水冷高速电机,提高了工作效率。 [0023] 3, the tool holder is provided with a plurality of tools for carving and water-cooled high-speed motor for driving a tool, to improve work efficiency.

[0024] 4、驱动机构一、驱动机构二和驱动机构三都采用丝杠传动机构,移动和定位精度 [0024] 4, a drive mechanism, the drive mechanism and the two drive means are employed three gear drive, moving and positioning accuracy

尚ο Ο yet

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 图1是本立体雕刻机的立体结构示意图。 [0025] FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present three-dimensional engraving machine.

[0026] 图2是本立体雕刻机的立体后视结构示意图。 [0026] FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present three-dimensional structure of the engraving machine.

[0027] 图3是本立体雕刻机中去掉刀具架和工作平台后的立体结构示意图。 [0027] FIG. 3 is a perspective schematic view of the present three-dimensional engraving machine to remove the tool holder and the work platform.

[0028] 图4是齿轮传动机构的结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a gear transmission mechanism.

[0029] 图中,机架1、底座一11、底座二12、刀具架2、横拖板3、竖拖块4、横梁5、工作平台6、刀具7、水冷高速电机8、横导轨9、支撑轴承10、竖导轨13、纵导轨14、转盘15、顶尖16、 圆柱导轨17、滑块18、板条19、蜗轮减速箱20、丝杆一21、连接块一22、驱动电机一23、丝杆二31、连接块二32、驱动电机二33、丝杆三41、连接块三42、驱动电机三43、齿条44、齿轮45、转盘电机51。 [0029] FIG., The frame 1, a base 11, two base 12, tool holder 2, the cross-carriage 3, the vertical drag block 4, the cross member 5, the working platform 6, the cutter 7, the water-cooled high-speed motor 8, cross rail 9 , axial bearing 10, vertical guide rails 13, longitudinal rails 14, turntable 15, top 16, a cylindrical guide 17, the slider 18, the slats 19, the worm gear box 20, a screw 21, a connecting block 22, a drive motor 23 , two screw 31, two connecting block 32, two driving motors 33, three screw 41, three connecting block 42, three driving motor 43, the rack 44, the gear 45, a turntable motor 51.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0030] 以下是本发明的具体实施例并结合附图,对本发明的技术方案作进一步的描述, 但本发明并不限于这些实施例。 [0030] The following are examples of specific embodiments of the present invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of the present invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

[0031] 实施例1 : [0031] Example 1:

[0032] 如图1、图2和图3所示,本立体雕刻机,包括机架1、刀具架2、横拖板3、竖拖块4、 横梁5、工作平台6和驱动刀具架2的驱动机构一和驱动机构二以及驱动工作平台6移动的驱动机构三,使刀具7能对工件在任意位置上进行加工,以便完成雕刻工作。 [0032] As shown in FIG. 1, 2 and 3, the three-dimensional engraving machine comprises a frame 1, a tool holder 2, the cross-carriage 3, the vertical drag block 4, the cross member 5, the working platform 6 and driving the tool holder 2 a drive mechanism and a drive mechanism and a drive mechanism for driving two movable working platform 6 Third, the tool machines a workpiece 7 can be at any position in order to complete the work of engraving.

[0033] 具体来说,机架1是由钢条构成的,三根钢条连接成H形底座一11,另四根钢条连接成长方形的底座二12,底座二12的一端通过螺钉固定在底座一11的横条上,另一端由一根钢条做支撑脚。 [0033] Specifically, the frame 1 is formed of steel bars, three H-shaped steel bar is connected to a base 11, the other four rectangular steel strips are connected to the base of two 12, 12 of the two end chassis is fixed by screws a bar on the base 11, the other end of the support leg to make a steel bar. 其中,底座一11的两根钢条高出横条,并在这两根钢条之间通过焊接的方式固连一根以水平横向放置的横梁5。 Wherein a base of two steel bars 11 bar higher, and between the two steel bars by welding is secured to a horizontally positioned transverse beam 5.

[0034] 在横梁5的前侧面上设有一个呈长条形的刀具架2,刀具架2 —侧上设有八个按直线排列的刀具7,每个刀具7装在一一对应设置的用于驱动刀具7旋转的水冷高速电机8 上。 [0034] The elongated strip is provided with a tool holder 5 on the front side of the cross member 2, the tool holder 2 - is provided with eight aligned by the upper tool 7, the cutter 7 installed in correspondence to each set 7 for driving the rotation of the tool on the water-cooled high-speed motor 8. 在刀具架2的另一侧和横梁5之间装有长度为刀具架2的三分之二的横拖板3,该横拖板3处于刀具架2的中间位置,在横梁5上沿着横梁5的方向放置有两根平行设置的横导轨9,横拖板3的一侧开有与横导轨9对应的燕尾槽,横导轨9穿接在燕尾槽中实现横拖板3和横导轨9的连接。 Between the tool holder and the other side of the cross member 52 is provided with two thirds of the length of the tool holder 2 is a cross-carriage 3, the carriage 3 is in an intermediate transverse position of the tool frame 2, along the crossbar 5 direction of the cross member 5 is placed with a cross rail 9 arranged parallel to the two side of the horizontal carriage 3 is opened and the cross rail 9 corresponding dovetail cross rail 9 connected through the dovetail slot to achieve a cross-carriage and cross rail 3 9 connector. 横梁5上设有驱动横拖板3沿横导轨9移动的驱动机构一,驱动机构一包括丝杆一21、套接在丝杆一21上的连接块一22和驱动电机一23,丝杆一21设置在两根横导轨9的正中间,这样可以使横拖板3受力均勻,为了减少丝杆一21的转动阻力,在横导轨9的两端安装固定在横梁5上的支撑轴承10,驱动电机一23固定在横梁5上,丝杆一21和驱动电机一23的转轴直接相连接,连接块一22通过螺钉与横拖板3固定。 Carriage drive mechanism is provided with lateral movement of the cross rail 3 along the upper beam 5 a 9, a drive mechanism comprising a screw 21, a socket connection block 22 and the drive motor 21 in a screw 23 of a lead screw 21 is provided in the middle of a two cross rail 9, so that the carriage can be made uniform lateral force 3, in order to reduce a rotational resistance of screw 21, at both ends of the cross rail 9 is mounted on a cross member 5 fixed to the support bearing 10, a driving motor 23 fixed to the cross member 5, a screw shaft 21 and a drive motor 23 is directly connected to a connecting block 22 fixed by screws to the cross carriage 3. 当驱动电机一23的转轴可以带动丝杆一21转动,而套接在丝杆一21上的连接块一22在丝杆一21 来回移动,从而带动横拖板3的来回移动。 When the driving motor 23 may be driven by a rotary shaft rotates a lead screw 21, the screw socket in a connecting block 21 of a screw 22 in a 21 moves back and forth, so as to drive the horizontal carriage 3 moves back and forth.

[0035] 在横拖板3的另一侧面上设有两根垂直放置且相互平行设置的竖导轨13,在每个竖导轨13上设有一块竖拖块4,竖拖块4通过燕尾槽的方式连接在竖导轨上,每个竖拖块4 与刀具架2通过螺钉固定连接。 [0035] provided with two vertically disposed and mutually parallel vertical guide rail 3 on the other side of the transverse carriage 13, provided with a vertical drag blocks 4, 4 by vertical drag block dovetail grooves 13 on each vertical rail is connected on a vertical guide rail, each vertical drag block 42 is fixedly connected by screws to the tool holder. 横拖板3上设有驱动竖拖块4沿竖导轨13移动的驱动机构二,驱动机构二包括丝杆二31、套接在丝杆二31上的连接块二32和驱动电机二33,丝杆二31设置在两根竖导轨13的正中间,为了减少丝杆二31的转动阻力,在竖导轨13的两端安装固定在横拖板3上的支撑轴承10,驱动电机二33固定在横拖板3上,丝杆二31和驱动电机二33的转轴直接相连接,连接块二32通过螺钉与刀具架2固定。 3 is provided on the drive carriage transverse vertical drag block driving mechanism 4 along the vertical guide rails 13 of two, two drive mechanism 31 includes two screw, the socket screw connection two blocks 32 and 31 of the two motors driving two 33, two screw rod 31 is provided in the middle of the two vertical guide rails 13, in order to reduce rotational resistance of two screw 31, at both ends of the vertical guide rail 13 is mounted and fixed on a lateral support bearing 10 of the carriage 3, the driving motor 33 is fixed to two 3 on the transverse carriage, two screw spindle 31 and the driving motor 33 is connected directly to two, two blocks 32 is fixed to the tool holder 2 via a screw connection. 当驱动电机二33的转轴可以带动丝杆二31转动,而套接在丝杆二31上的连接块二32在丝杆二31来回移动, 从而带动刀具架2的来回移动。 When the driving motor shaft 33 may be driven by two two rotatable screw 31, and the socket connecting block 31 on the two screw threaded rod 32 of the two two 31 moves back and forth, so as to drive the tool holder 2 is moved back and forth.

[0036] 工作平台6由钢条构成矩形状,安装在底座二12上,沿着水平纵向的底座二12上固定两根相互平行设置的纵导轨14。 [0036] The working platform 6 consists of a rectangular steel bars, two mounted on the base 12, along a horizontal longitudinal direction of the vertical base 12 fixed to two two guide rails 14 arranged parallel to one another. 工作平台6的底部开有与纵导轨14对应的燕尾槽, 纵导轨14穿接在燕尾槽中实现工作平台6和竖导轨13的连接。 The working platform 6 at the bottom of the vertical guide rail 14 is opened corresponding dovetail, through the longitudinal guide 14 connected to the dovetail slot to achieve vertical working platform 6 and the guide rail 13 is connected. 底座二12上设有驱动工作平台6沿竖导轨13移动的驱动机构三,驱动机构三包括丝杆三41、套接在丝杆三41上的连接块三42和驱动电机三43,丝杆三41设置在两根竖导轨13的正中间,这样可以使工作平台6受力均勻,为了减少丝杆一21的转动阻力,在竖导轨13的两端安装固定在底座二12的支撑轴承10,驱动电机三43固定在底座二12上,丝杆三41和驱动电机三43的转轴相连接,连接块通过螺钉与工作平台6固定。 Drive mechanism provided with a working platform 6 is moved along the vertical guide rail 13 on the base 12 three two, three drive means 41 comprises three screw, the socket screw in the connecting block 41 of three three drive motors 42 and three 43, screw 41 is provided in the middle of three two vertical guide rails 13, so that the working platform can force uniformly 6, in order to reduce a rotational resistance of screw 21, at both ends of the vertical guide rail fixed to the base 13 is mounted a support bearing 10 two 12 , three driving motor 43 is fixed on the base 12 two, three screw shaft 41 and the drive motor 43 is connected to three connection block is fixed by screws to the working platform 6. 当驱动电机三43的转轴可以带动丝杆三41 转动,而套接在丝杆三41上的连接块三42在丝杆三41来回移动,从而带动工作平台6的来回移动。 When the driving motor shaft 43 may be driven by three three screw 41 is rotated, the socket connector blocks on the screw 42 in three three 41 three screw 41 moves back and forth, so as to drive the working platform 6 is moved back and forth. 在工作平台6上设置与刀具7数量相同的工件夹持机构,夹持机构包括转盘15 和能够与转盘15夹持住被夹持工件且能够在转盘15轴线方向上伸缩的顶尖16,工作平台6上设有八个蜗轮减速箱20,每个蜗轮减速箱20的输出轴与转盘15固定连接,蜗轮减速箱20的输入轴连成一条直线,并通过转盘电机51来驱动八个蜗轮减速箱20来驱动。 6 is provided on the work platform 7 in the same number of workpieces tool clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism includes a turntable 15 and clamped workpieces can be clamped with the turntable 15 and can expand and contract in the axial direction of the turntable 15 of the top 16, the work platform worm gear box 20 is provided with eight, each of the output shaft of the turntable 15 of the worm gear box 20 is fixedly connected to the worm gear box input shaft 20 is connected into a straight line, and is driven by a turntable motor 51 eight worm gearbox 6 20 to drive. 通过转盘15和顶尖16将工件夹持住。 The turntable 15 and the top 16 by the workpiece clamped. 工作平台6中固定有两根沿水平纵向平行设置的圆柱导轨17,在每个圆柱导轨17上套有滑块18,在两个滑块18上固定有板条19,八个顶尖16固定在板条19上。 Working platform 6 there are fixed two cylindrical guide arranged parallel to the longitudinal horizontal direction 17, each cylindrical guide sleeve 17 on the slider 18, the slider 18 is fixed to the two strips 19, 16 fixed to the top eight 19 on the slats. 由于工作平台6处于横梁5的下方,工作平台6能够将工件移动到刀具架2 下,使工件得以加工。 Since the working platform 6 is located below the working platform 6 of the cross member 5 can be moved to the next work tool holder 2, the workpiece to be processed.

[0037] 驱动电机一23、驱动电机二33和驱动电机三43均与电子控制系统相连接,本例中的驱动电机可采用伺服电机。 [0037] a drive motor 23, two drive motors 33 and 43 are three-phase driving motor connected to the electronic control system of the present embodiment may be employed in the motor drive servo motor. 电子控制系统包括编程器、DSP控制器、驱动器。 The electronic control system includes a programmer, the DSP controller, drives. [0038] 本立体雕刻机的刀具架2固定在竖拖块4上,而竖拖块4连接在横拖板3上,在以横导轨9、竖导轨13和纵导轨14建立的三维空间中,驱动机构一驱动横拖板3在横导轨9 上来回移动,实现刀具7的水平横向移动;驱动机构二驱动竖拖块4在竖导轨13上来回移动,实现刀具7在垂直竖直方向上的移动;驱动机构三驱动工作平台6在纵导轨14上来回移动,实现工件在水平纵向上的移动,并使工作平台6经过横梁5。 [0038] The present three-dimensional engraving machine tool holder 2 is fixed to the vertical drag block 4, while the vertical drag block 4 attached to the transverse carriage 3, in three-dimensional space cross rail 9, vertical guide rails 13 and longitudinal rails 14 built in , a driving mechanism driving the carriage 3 in the transverse cross rail 9 moves back and forth, to achieve the level of the lateral movement of the tool 7; the second drive mechanism driving the vertical drag block 4 moves back and forth on the vertical guide rail 13, the tool implement 7 in the direction perpendicular to the vertical movement; three drive mechanism driving the work platform 6 on the vertical rail 14 move back and forth, to achieve a horizontal movement of the workpiece in the longitudinal direction, and the working platform 6 through the cross member 5. 在使用之前,先将编好的程序输入到DSP控制器中,由DSP控制器将原代码转换成控制信号后分别输出给各个驱动器,由驱动器控制驱动电机工作。 Before use, the programmed controller program inputted to the DSP, the DSP converts the original code into the controller outputs the control signal to each respective drive, the drive motor operates controlled by the driver. 在电子控制系统的控制下,按照程序编程的步骤控制横拖板3、竖拖块4和工作平台6的移动,实现刀具7对工件的三维加工。 Under the control of the electronic control system, in accordance with the steps of programming the control cross-carriage 3, the moving block 4 and the vertical drag working platform 6, 7 pairs of three-dimensional workpiece processing tool.

[0039] 实施例2 : [0039] Example 2:

[0040] 如图4所示,实施例2的内容基本与实施例1相同,不同点在于所述的驱动机构三包括固定在工作平台6中部的水平纵向放置的齿条44和与齿条44啮合的齿轮45,在机架1上固定有驱动电机三43,上述的齿轮45连接在驱动电机三43的转轴上。 [0040] 4, the embodiment is substantially the same content as in Example 1 Example 2 except that the drive mechanism includes a fixed three in the middle level of the working platform 6 placed longitudinally with the rack 44 and the rack 44 gear 45, is fixed on the frame 1 has three driving motor 43, a gear 45 is connected to the above-described rotary shaft of the driving motor 43 three. 驱动电机三43 将带动齿轮45转动,齿轮45又与齿条44相啮合,固定在工作平台6上的齿条44会随着齿轮45的转动而来回移动,这样就实现了工作平台6在水平纵向的来回移动。 Three will drive the driving motor 43 rotates gear 45, 45 and 44 meshed with the rack gear fixed on the working platform 6 of the rack 44 with the rotation of gear 45 will be moved back and forth, so to achieve a horizontal working platform 6 longitudinal back and forth movement.

[0041] 本文中所描述的具体实施例仅仅是对本发明精神作举例说明。 Specific Example [0041] described herein is merely illustrative for spirit of the invention. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,但并不会偏离本发明的精神或者超越所附权利要求书所定义的范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention can be made to the specific embodiments described various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, but without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceed defined in the appended claims It ranges.

[0042] 尽管本文较多地使用了机架1、底座一11、底座二12、刀具架2、横拖板3、竖拖块4、横梁5、工作平台6、刀具7、水冷高速电机8、横导轨9、支撑轴承10、竖导轨13、纵导轨14、 转盘1515、顶尖16、丝杆一21、连接块一22、驱动电机一23、丝杆二31、连接块二32、驱动电机二33、丝杆三41、连接块三42、驱动电机三43、齿条44、齿轮45等术语,但并不排除使用其它术语的可能性。 [0042] While the terms are used herein, the frame 1, a base 11, two base 12, tool holder 2, the cross-carriage 3, the vertical drag block 4, the cross member 5, the working platform 6, the cutter 7, the water-cooled high-speed motor 8 , cross rail 9, a support bearing 10, vertical guide rails 13, longitudinal guide rail 14, the turntable 1515, the top 16, a screw 21, a connecting block 22, a drive motor 23, two screw 31, two connecting block 32, a drive motor 33 two, three screw 41, three connecting block 42, three driving motor 43, the rack 44, gear 45 and like terms, but do not exclude the possibility of using other terminology. 使用这些术语仅仅是为了更方便地描述和解释本发明的本质;把它们解释成任何一种附加的限制都是与本发明精神相违背的。 These terms are only used to make it easier to describe and explain the essence of the present invention; interprets them into any additional restrictions are contrary to the spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. 一种立体雕刻机,包括机架(1)和固定在机架(1)上方按水平横向设置的横梁(5), 在横梁(5)的侧面上设置用于安装若干刀具(7)的刀具架O),在刀具架(2)和横梁(5)之间设有与水平横向设置的横导轨(9)相连接的横拖板(3),在横拖板(3)和刀具架(2)之间设有与垂直设置的竖导轨(1¾相连接的竖拖块G),上述的刀具架O)固定在竖拖块(4) 上,所述的横梁(¾上设有驱动横拖板C3)沿横导轨(9)移动的驱动机构一,在横拖板(3) 上设有驱动竖拖块(4)沿竖导轨(1¾移动的驱动机构二,其特征在于,所述的横梁(5)下方设有工作平台(6),在工作平台(6)上设置与刀具(7)数量相同的工件夹持机构,在机架(1)和工作平台(6)之间设有两条水平纵向放置的纵导轨(14),在机架(1)上设有用于驱动工作平台(6)沿纵导轨(14)移动的驱动机构三;所述的工作平台(6) 1. A three-dimensional engraving machine, comprising a frame (1) and the cross member fixed to the horizontal transversely disposed above the chassis (1) (5), on the side of the cross member (5) is provided for mounting a plurality of tools (7) O the tool holder), between the tool holder (2) and beam (5) is provided with a cross slide (3) the cross rail (9) disposed transversely to the horizontal is connected, the transverse carriage (3) and the tool is provided between the frame (2) with vertical guide rails disposed vertically (vertical 1¾ connected drag block G), the above-described tool holder O) is fixed on the vertical drag block (4), said cross member (provided on the ¾ horizontal drive carriage C3) a drive mechanism for moving, in a vertical transverse drag block a drive carriage (4) (3) along the cross rail (9) along the vertical guide rails (1¾ drive mechanism moves two, wherein, said cross member (5) provided below the working platform (6), arranged on the working platform (6) and the tool (7) the same amount of work holding means in the frame (1) and the working platform (6) of room with two horizontal longitudinal guide rails disposed longitudinally (14), is provided for driving the working platform (6) along the longitudinal guide rail (14) drive means on the frame movable 3 (1); said working platform (6 ) 钢条构成矩形状且能够将工件移动到刀具架(¾下;所述的夹持机构包括设置在工作平台(6)上可转动的转盘(1¾和能够与转盘(1¾形成夹持住工件且能够在转盘(1¾轴线方向上伸缩的顶尖(16);所述的工作平台(6)中固定有两根沿水平纵向平行设置的圆柱导轨(17),在每个圆柱导轨(17)上套有滑块(18),在两个滑块(18)上固定有板条(19),上述的顶尖(16)固定在板条(19)上。 Steel bars rectangular configuration and is capable of moving the workpiece to the tool holder (lower ¾; said retaining means comprises a working platform is provided (6) a rotatable turntable (1¾ and capable of forming a workpiece clamped with the turntable (1¾ and possible to the turntable (1¾ telescoping top axial direction (16); fixed two cylindrical guide arranged parallel to the longitudinal direction of the horizontal work platform (6) (17), (17) in each of the cylindrical guide sleeve slider (18) on two slides (18) fixed to the slats (19) said top (16) is fixed to the strip (19).
2.根据权利要求1所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的驱动机构三包括设置在机架(1)中间的丝杆三Gl)和套接在丝杆三Gl)上可在丝杆三Gl)上来回移动的连接块三0¾,以及固定在机架(1)上的驱动电机三(43),上述的丝杆三连接在驱动电机三(43)的转轴上,连接块三G2)固定在工作平台(6)上。 The three-dimensional engraving machine according to claim 1, wherein said drive means comprises three rack (1) in the middle of three screw of Gl) and sleeved on the screw three of Gl) can be the screw three of Gl) move back and forth three connecting block 0¾, and fixed to the frame (1) three drive motor (43), the above-described three screw connected to the drive motor three (43) of the shaft, the connecting block three G2) fixed on the work platform (6).
3.根据权利要求1所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的驱动机构三包括固定在工作平台(6)中部的水平纵向放置的齿条G4)和与齿条04)啮合的齿轮(45),在机架(1) 上固定有驱动电机三(43),上述的齿轮0¾连接在驱动电机三的转轴上。 3. The three-dimension engraving machine according to claim 1, wherein said drive means comprises three fixed working platform (6) placed longitudinally central horizontal rack G4) and a gear engaged with the rack 04) (45), on the frame (1) fixed to a drive motor three (43), above 0¾ gear connected to the drive shaft of the motor three.
4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的驱动机构一包括设置在横梁(¾上的丝杆一和套接在丝杆一上可在丝杆一上来回移动的连接块一(22),以及固定在横梁(¾上的驱动电机一(23),上述的丝杆一连接在驱动电机一的转轴上,连接块一0¾固定在横拖板C3)上。 The three-dimensional engraving machine of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said drive means comprises a sleeved and a screw (screw on ¾ of an upper cross member may be screw a movement back and forth on a connecting block (22), and fixed (¾ beam on a drive motor (23), above a screw connected to the drive shaft of a motor, a connecting block fixed horizontal carriage 0¾ C3) on.
5.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的驱动机构二包括设置在横拖板C3)上的丝杆二(31)和套接在丝杆二(31)上可在丝杆二(31)上来回移动的连接块二(32),以及固定在横拖板C3)上的驱动电机二(33),上述的丝杆二(31)连接在驱动电机二(33)的转轴上,连接块二(32)固定在刀具(7)的刀具架(2)上。 The three-dimensional engraving machine of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein said drive means comprises two two screw (31) and sleeved on the transverse carriage C3) in two screw (31) movable back and forth in the two screw (31) on the two connection blocks (32), and fixed to the transverse carriage C3) of the two drive motors (33), the above-described two screw (31) is connected two driving motors (33) of the shaft, two connecting blocks (32) fixed to the tool (7) on the tool holder (2).
6.根据权利要求5所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的刀具架(¾呈长条状,上述的刀具(7)为若干个且按直线排列的方式固定在刀具架(¾上。 According to claim perspective engraver 5, characterized in that said tool holder (¾ long shape the tool (7) and by a plurality of linearly arranged fixed to the tool holder (¾ on.
7.根据权利要求6所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的横拖板(3)位于刀具架(2) 的中间。 7. The three-dimension engraving machine according to claim 6, wherein said transverse carriage (3) in the middle of the tool holder (2).
8.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的立体雕刻机,其特征在于,所述的横导轨(9)、竖导轨(1¾和纵导轨(14)各有两根且平行设置。 The D engraver 1 or claim 2 or claim 3, wherein said cross rail (9), vertical rails (1¾ and vertical rails (14) arranged in parallel and each two.
CN 200810060107 2008-03-06 2008-03-06 Stereo carving machine CN101239530B (en)

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CN101879727B (en) 2009-05-08 2012-11-21 李尚民 Tenon engraving machine
CN102166907B (en) * 2011-01-05 2012-11-07 董任虎 Connecting-rod-type transmission mechanism of three-dimensional engraving machine
CN102180036A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-09-14 龙梅 Positioning advancing system specially for servo direct-spraying machine for spraying and printing gold, silver, copper, iron and aluminum
CN103171348A (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-26 吴善旺 Three-dimensional carving machine
CN103587316A (en) * 2012-08-14 2014-02-19 苏州市兴博塑胶模具有限公司 Rack carving machine
CN103072415A (en) * 2013-02-07 2013-05-01 陈元培 Connecting and positioning device of carving machine tool actuating unit
CN103317927B (en) * 2013-07-10 2015-10-28 吴善旺 Solid carving machine
CN104260561A (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-07 合肥海闻自动化设备有限公司 High speed numeric printer for printing copper, iron and aluminum sheet
CN104385817B (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-10-27 吴善旺 A kind of solid carving machine
CN104290513B (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-08-25 吴善旺 Solid carving machine
CN104494345B (en) * 2015-01-08 2017-02-22 吴善旺 Clamping mechanism for engraving machine
CN105667169B (en) * 2016-03-18 2018-04-20 南通欧科数控设备有限公司 A kind of five axial plane yaw engraving machine of bull
CN105774350A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-20 济南金胜星机械设备有限公司 Numerical control die engraving system for fired ceramic body
CN106218292A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-14 漳州市天趣数控设备有限公司 A kind of engraving machine

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