CN101041980B - Lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof - Google Patents

Lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101041980B
CN101041980B CN2007100518881A CN200710051888A CN101041980B CN 101041980 B CN101041980 B CN 101041980B CN 2007100518881 A CN2007100518881 A CN 2007100518881A CN 200710051888 A CN200710051888 A CN 200710051888A CN 101041980 B CN101041980 B CN 101041980B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grid cloth
steel joist
lightgage steel
heat preserving
template
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Application number
CN2007100518881A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101041980A (en
Inventor
刘辉
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刘辉
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Priority to CN2007100518881A priority Critical patent/CN101041980B/en
Publication of CN101041980A publication Critical patent/CN101041980A/en
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Publication of CN101041980B publication Critical patent/CN101041980B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a light gesso wall and relative integral irrigation method. The wall is disposed with a light steel keel support whose two sides are arranged with strengthen mesh cloth. The space between two strengthen mesh cloths is fixed with flexible thermal insulator. The gesso mixture is filled in the light keel support to cover the flexible thermal insulator and the strengthen mesh cloths. The invention has high shaping speed, high mould detaching speed, and maintenance free. And the wall has high strength, non crack, thermal insulation and sound adsorption, with smooth and flat surface.

Description

Lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field, especially relate to a kind of lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof.
Background technology
The traditional architectural technology of body of wall generally adopts the loam brick building block to pile up shaping, because the production of loam brick building block need consume a large amount of land resources, so country just progressively eliminates loam brick.At present, many novel wall materials, add building block, flyash hollow batten as flyash, gypsum block, gypsum lath etc. just progressively enters into the people visual field, though these materials for walls all compare environmental protection, but the construction technology of they and conventional clay does not have any too big difference, when building a wall, its building block need be piled up one by one still as brick, not only labour intensity is big, and work efficiency is low.Though the work efficiency that adopts the construction of flyash hollow batten or gypsum lath is than high several times of building block, and has the little advantage of floor space, most of battens exist the weakness that can't overcome: gaping of joints, monolithic weight is big.Do to cut off or wall, then exist not sound insulation, not durable, many shortcomings such as shock resistance is poor, moisture-sensitive cracking and adopt traditional gypsum plank to add the lightgage steel joist frame.In addition, it should be noted that and utilize the body of wall that above-mentioned material makes or the external surface of partition all need whitewash or blade coating.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly is that the existing existing construction technology of wall construction of solution is original, efficient is low, labour intensity is big, can't realize technical problems such as mechanization production.
The present invention has also solved technical problems such as the existing body of wall of existing materials for wall is easy to crack, heat insulation, soundproof effect difference simultaneously.So that a kind of lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof to be provided.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals: be provided with the lightgage steel joist frame in its body of wall, the both sides of described lightgage steel joist frame are equipped with the enhancing grid cloth, fixing elastic heat preserving body in the two built on stilts retainings of lightgage steel joist that strengthen between the grid cloth, described gypsum mixture is filled in the lightgage steel joist frame and with elastic heat preserving body and enhancing grid cloth and envelopes.
As preferably, described gypsum mixture comprises land plaster, high-strength cement, magnesia, water.
As preferably, described elastic heat preserving body is the cylindric sealed plastic bag that is filled with granules of polystyrene and is filled with gases at high pressure.
As preferably, described elastic heat preserving body is cylindric polystyrene foam plastics.
What make above-mentioned lightweight plaster wall employing is integral pouring procedure, and this method may further comprise the steps:
A., the lightgage steel joist frame is installed: erect at a certain distance in body of wall to be cast position and fixing some of centre keels, in above-mentioned adjacent two centre keel lattice shelves, fix horizontal keel;
B. lay and strengthen grid cloth and the elastic heat preserving body is installed: will strengthen grid cloth, with the centre keel is the horizontal development of support both sides, exceptionally straight and be paved with, when strengthening the grid cloth laying, the elastic heat preserving body is evenly arranged in the built on stilts retaining of lightgage steel joist, and is fixed in iron wire and strengthens in the middle of the grid cloth;
C. mounting template and casting equipment: select template according to body of wall shape to be cast and size, brush the waterproof remover one at the template inner surface simultaneously, splice fixed form then, make formwork integral parallel with the lightgage steel joist frame; After treating that all templates install, be connected with sprue gate on the template watering pump priming, and with vibration pump with bolton in the template lateral surface;
D. grouting is shaped: land plaster mixture, water are poured into to stir in the mixer make the gypsum mixed pulp, be poured into then in the grouting machine container, unlatching is immediately watered pump priming and is poured into a mould, the vibration pump of opening to whole 2/3 o'clock to be cast, continue to shake to the gypsum mixed pulp be partly solidify shape till, treat body of wall solidify fully the back (after about 1 hour) carry out form removable, the order be from top to bottom, by the centre to both sides.
In lightweight plaster wall of the present invention, the gypsum mixed pulp itself and lightgage steel joist frame, strengthens grid cloth, the acting in conjunction of elastic heat preserving body after solidifying, produce and make a concerted effort, and makes the body of wall anti-impact force obvious, and therefore has very high intensity.Described elastic heat preserving body plays insulation in body of wall, heat insulation, sound insulation, and anti-be full of cracks, anti-drum splits effect, forms the column type cavity simultaneously in the gypsum body, thereby has strengthened the whole rupture strength of plaster wall.
Therefore, the present invention has that job practices is good, efficient is high, and characteristics such as quality of finished product good, especially the present invention adopt mechanized construction, have advantages such as the body of wall moulding is fast, form removal is fast, non-maintaining, can alleviate labor strength greatly.And advantages such as body of wall has the intensity height after making moulding, do not ftracture, and heat insulation, soundproof effect is obvious.In addition, the surface of wall smoother after the moulding, smooth, thereby need not again that row whitewashes, blade coating.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of lightweight plaster wall of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of elastic heat preserving body shown in Figure 1.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Lightweight plaster wall of the present invention shown in Figure 1 mainly is made of lightgage steel joist frame, enhancing grid cloth, gypsum mixture, elastic heat preserving body etc.Wherein the lightgage steel joist frame comprises some centre keels 1, horizontal keel 2.Ground is fixed in by expansion bolt in the bottom of centre keel 1, and roof (as do partition, its top and top keel are fixed) is fixed in by expansion bolt in its top, is fixed with horizontal keel 2 (the logical keel that pass through) in adjacent two centre keel neutral gears, to increase whole frame strength.
Enhancing grid cloth C is laid on the both sides of above-mentioned lightgage steel joist frame and is fixed on this skeleton.In both sides strengthen the neutral of the lightgage steel joist frame between grid cloth 4A, the 4B, be arranged with elastic heat preserving body 3 uniformly, this elastic heat preserving body 3 is fixed in both sides by iron wire to be strengthened on grid cloth 4A, the 4B.Described elastic heat preserving body 3 adopts cylindric polystyrene foam plastics heat insulation, that sound absorption qualities is good to make.Also can adopt being filled with granules of polystyrene 6 and being filled with the cylindric sealed plastic bag of gases at high pressure as shown in Figure 2.When adopting this mode, its intensity and effect such as heat insulation can be better.
Gypsum mixture 5 mainly adds a certain amount of water by land plaster and constitutes, and adds a small amount of high-strength cement simultaneously, and reinforcing agents such as magnesia are with the intensity after increasing it and solidifying.Also can add a certain amount of straw, stalk, flyash etc. in addition and make inserts, further to improve performance and weight reduction after gypsum mixture 5 solidifies, to reduce cost.In lightweight plaster wall structure of the present invention, gypsum mixture 5 strengthens grid cloth with both sides and envelopes, and is filled in simultaneously in the space of lightgage steel joist frame elastic heat preserving body 3 is enveloped.
Make the job practices of above-mentioned lightweight plaster wall employing integral cast.Its job practices is: a. installs the lightgage steel joist frame: emit the body of wall position line exactly in body of wall to be cast position, erect at a certain distance in the unwrapping wire position then and fixing some of centre keels, fix horizontal keel thereafter in above-mentioned adjacent two centre keel lattice shelves.B. lay and strengthen grid cloth and the elastic heat preserving body is installed: will strengthen grid cloth is the horizontal development of support both sides with the centre keel, and it is exceptionally straight, make it have bigger tension force, when strengthening the grid cloth laying, the elastic heat preserving body is evenly arranged in the built on stilts retaining of lightgage steel joist, and with iron wire its two ends is fixed in and is strengthened in the middle of the grid cloth; Repeat said process, expire the elastic heat preserving body and be paved with the enhancing grid cloth until whole lightgage steel joist frame row.C. mounting template and construction equipment: select template according to body of wall shape to be cast and size, brush the waterproof remover one at the template inner surface then, then splice fixed form, allowing template will be paved with the lightgage steel joist frame that strengthens grid cloth surrounds, and it is in parallel, check simultaneously whether the sprue gate valve opening is flexible, and whether observation panel has foreign matter to block; To water pump priming at last and be connected with sprue gate on the template, and with vibration pump with bolton in the template lateral surface.D. grouting is shaped: land plaster mixture, water are poured into to stir in the mixer make the gypsum mixed pulp, be poured into then in the grouting machine container, unlatching is immediately watered pump priming and is poured into a mould, the vibration pump of opening to whole 2/3 o'clock to be cast, continue to shake to the gypsum mixed pulp be partly solidify shape till, treat to carry out form removable after body of wall solidifies fully, the order be from top to bottom, by the centre to both sides.
Certainly, the present invention is not limited only to above-mentioned embodiment, adopts cuboid, triangular prism etc. as the shape of elastic heat preserving body 3, and its material adopts rubber, elastomer etc., and such conversion all will fall in the protection domain of the present invention.The present invention is in construction in addition, employed template is not limited only to dismountable sheet materials such as aluminium alloys, stainless steel, engineering plastics, also can directly use existing commercially available gypsum plank to do template grouting is shaped, though adopt gypsum plank to do template, itself and gypsum mixed pulp are combined into one and need not remove.But because it has adopted and identical construction of the present invention and the integrated poured form of construction work of mechanization, therefore, also will fall in the protection domain of the present invention in fact.

Claims (2)

1. lightweight plaster wall, in its body of wall, be provided with the lightgage steel joist frame, the both sides that it is characterized in that described lightgage steel joist frame are equipped with the enhancing grid cloth, in the two built on stilts retainings of lightgage steel joist that strengthen between the grid cloth, be fixed with the elastic heat preserving body, the gypsum mixture is filled in the lightgage steel joist frame and with elastic heat preserving body and enhancing grid cloth and envelopes, described gypsum mixture comprises land plaster, high-strength cement, magnesia, water, described elastic heat preserving body are the cylindric sealed plastic bag that is filled with granules of polystyrene and is filled with gases at high pressure.
2. integral pouring procedure of realizing the described lightweight plaster wall of claim 1 is characterized in that this method may further comprise the steps:
A., the lightgage steel joist frame is installed: erect at a certain distance in body of wall to be cast position and fixing some of centre keels, in above-mentioned adjacent two centre keel lattice shelves, fix horizontal keel;
B. lay and strengthen grid cloth and the elastic heat preserving body is installed: will strengthen grid cloth is the horizontal development of support both sides with the centre keel, exceptionally straight and be paved with, when strengthening the grid cloth laying, the elastic heat preserving body is evenly arranged in the built on stilts retaining of lightgage steel joist, and is fixed in iron wire and strengthens in the middle of the grid cloth;
C. mounting template and construction equipment: select template according to body of wall shape to be cast and size, brush the waterproof remover one at the template inner surface simultaneously, splice fixed form then, make formwork integral parallel with the lightgage steel joist frame; After treating that all templates install, be connected with sprue gate on the template watering pump priming, and with vibration pump with bolton in the template lateral surface;
D. grouting is shaped: with land plaster, high-strength cement, magnesian mixture, water are poured into to stir in the mixer and are made the gypsum mixed pulp, be poured into then in the grouting machine container, unlatching is immediately watered pump priming and is poured into a mould, the vibration pump of opening to whole 2/3 o'clock to be cast, continue to shake to the gypsum mixed pulp be partly solidify shape till, treat to carry out form removable after body of wall solidifies fully, the order be from top to bottom, by the centre to both sides.
CN2007100518881A 2007-04-13 2007-04-13 Lightweight plaster wall and integral pouring procedure thereof CN101041980B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101041980A CN101041980A (en) 2007-09-26
CN101041980B true CN101041980B (en) 2011-06-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635180A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-15 赵嘉珩 Cast-in-place internal parting wall in house

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CN101691784B (en) * 2009-08-19 2014-03-05 贵州大学 Steel structured wide-bay energy-saving residential building with gypsum walls and on-site layering and sectioning manufacturing method
CN103031904A (en) * 2011-10-10 2013-04-10 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Cast-in-place reinforced concrete thermal insulation wall
CN102535681A (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-07-04 天津大学 Cast-in-place grid type gypsum sandwich thermal insulation wall and manufacturing method thereof
CN103981964B (en) * 2013-08-02 2016-08-10 上海纯翠装饰材料有限公司 Reinforcing glass fiber high-strength fireproof heat insulating plasterboard
CN103981963B (en) * 2013-08-02 2016-08-10 上海纯翠装饰材料有限公司 Reinforcing glass fiber extra-heavy fire-proof sound insulation plasterboard
CN103953136A (en) * 2013-09-23 2014-07-30 夏榆凌 Method and device for manufacturing foamed plaster block cast-in-situ wall
CN104806016A (en) * 2014-01-28 2015-07-29 张允强 Construction method of cast-in-situ gypsum compound insulation wall
CN105822011A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-03 徐林波 Heat-insulated building structural slab
CN109424083A (en) * 2017-08-21 2019-03-05 北新集团建材股份有限公司 A kind of wall element and its wall for supporting monitoring and warning function
CN108468438B (en) * 2018-04-13 2020-05-12 河南国安建设集团有限公司 Comprehensive construction method for treating rammed earth wall under space condition limitation
CN110000920A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-07-12 河北创天新型材料科技有限公司 A kind of manufacture craft and structure of load-bearing board wall
CN110616830A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-27 云南凝创环保科技有限公司 Light steel keel modified gypsum-based light partition wall and construction method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2143643Y (en) * 1992-12-05 1993-10-13 徐新荣 Fire-proof sound insulation and heat insulation light sheet
CN1817976A (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-16 庆东塞拉泰克有限公司 Coating composition for fire retardant and sound absorption

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2143643Y (en) * 1992-12-05 1993-10-13 徐新荣 Fire-proof sound insulation and heat insulation light sheet
CN1817976A (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-16 庆东塞拉泰克有限公司 Coating composition for fire retardant and sound absorption

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635180A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-08-15 赵嘉珩 Cast-in-place internal parting wall in house

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