CN100453762C - Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device - Google Patents

Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100453762C
CN100453762C CNB2007100310351A CN200710031035A CN100453762C CN 100453762 C CN100453762 C CN 100453762C CN B2007100310351 A CNB2007100310351 A CN B2007100310351A CN 200710031035 A CN200710031035 A CN 200710031035A CN 100453762 C CN100453762 C CN 100453762C
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China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
parking
circulation type
bearing pallet
horizontal displacement
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007100310351A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101148949A (en
Inventor
朱禧文
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朱禧文
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Priority to CNB2007100310351A priority Critical patent/CN100453762C/en
Publication of CN101148949A publication Critical patent/CN101148949A/en
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Publication of CN100453762C publication Critical patent/CN100453762C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The horizontally shifted circular parking facility includes parking sites, an access lane, an elevating mechanism and vehicle carriers, as well as a ball track system defining the moving direction of the vehicle carriers and a driving mechanism to drive the vehicle carriers. The ball track system includes horizontal tracks and steel balls inside the tracks embedding to the vehicle carriers; and the driving mechanism includes drawing rod and its driving unit. The horizontally shifted circular parking facility without vertical lifting has low energy consumption, environment friendship, and short vehicle accessing time.

Description

Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mechanical parking equipment, especially a kind of horizontal displacement circulation type parking device that improves structure.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of national economy and improving constantly of people's living standard, rapidly the increase of the owning amount of family saloon, and the parking space is almost all being reduced every day in many metropolis, causes the seriously unbalance of ever-increasing automobile quantity and the parking capacity that reduces day by day.For addressing this problem the following measure of general employing:
1, original single parking stall is built up the open-shelf parking apparatus of bilayer or multilayer by lifting gear;
2, adopt hanging basket to cooperate the three-dimensional parking apparatus of vertical endless apron;
3, utilize elevator with the Elevator parking apparatus of vehicle conveying to each purpose floor;
4, utilize the circulation type parking device of level or vertical circulation mechanism.
Though the problem of parking difficulty has been alleviated in above-mentioned measure to a certain extent,, these measures but respectively have shortcoming.The restriction that the vehicle of lower floor parking stall must sail out of when open-shelf parking apparatus was subjected to the turnover of parking stall, upper strata need be provided with access lane, tunnel and hoistway simultaneously, has taken a large amount of parking areas, and the unit area parking capacity is few; And three-dimensional parking apparatus and Elevator parking apparatus can't be arranged on existing underground parking, generally will take the newly-built or installation in vacant lot, and investment is big, the cost height; Circulation type parking device is because access port and storing and taking out car machinery are few, and storing and taking out car length consuming time if the access simultaneously of many cars causes vehicle to wait easily, influences traffic outside the parking lot.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome shortcoming of the prior art with not enough, provide a kind of high density, storing and taking out car convenient and swift, can utilize the reconstruction of existing underground parking and the horizontal displacement circulation type parking device of material benefit more economically.
To achieve these goals, the present invention realizes by following technical scheme:
A kind of horizontal displacement circulation type parking device comprises parking space, access track, elevating mechanism and vehicle bearing pallet; Also comprise pearl rail system that limits the vehicle bearing pallet direction of displacement and the drive unit that drives the vehicle bearing pallet displacement, described pearl rail system comprise horizontally disposed guide rail and place in the guide rail and with the steel ball of vehicle bearing pallet tabling, drive unit comprises stayed pole and the power part that drives the stayed pole motion, and wherein: the stayed pole of vehicle bearing pallet and drive unit is connected and fixed and is slid against on the guide rail of pearl rail system by the drive unit drive.Power part drives the stayed pole motion, because stayed pole is connected with vehicle bearing pallet, slides along guide rail thereby drive vehicle bearing pallet, realizes the cyclical level displacement of vehicle bearing pallet.
Further, described power part is a hydraulic mechanism, or motor.
Be provided with transmission mechanism between above-mentioned stayed pole and the motor, this transmission mechanism is a screw rod, or gear, or chain.Utilize transmission mechanism that different gearratios can be set, realize different transmission speeds; Also can select the required kind of drive as required, can the single kind of drive, or multiple kind of drive combination.
The cross section of above-mentioned guide rail is a semi-circular recesses.Semi-circular recesses just in time adapts to the arc on steel ball surface, is marked with sliding agent in the groove, the rolling that steel ball is can be in groove free, level and smooth, thus realize the motion all around of vehicle bearing pallet.
Above-mentioned vehicle bearing pallet comprises vehicle-containing and supports the support bar of vehicle-containing.Support bar is positioned on the pearl rail system guide rail, its lower end hollow, the steel ball of just ccontaining pearl rail system.
Above-mentioned vehicle-containing is provided with wheel fixture and car door railing.Wheel fixture and car door railing mainly are that vehicle and vehicle bearing pallet are fixed, and avoid vehicle phenomenons such as dislocation to occur in shifting process, can protect the safety of vehicle and parking apparatus.
Above-mentioned stayed pole is provided with drag hook, and vehicle bearing pallet is provided with the drag hook jack that snaps in for drag hook.The motion when cooperation of scalable drag hook and drag hook jack can realize stayed pole and vehicle bearing pallet, thereby the horizontal shift of realization vehicle bearing pallet.
Above-mentioned access track and parking space are provided with telescopic steady pin, and vehicle bearing pallet is provided with the steady pin jack that inserts for steady pin.The cooperation of scalable steady pin and steady pin jack can be with vehicle bearing pallet and access track, parking phase locking, avoids when storing and taking out car vehicle bearing pallet phenomenon such as to occur rocking.
Above-mentioned parking apparatus is a single layer structure, or double-decker, or sandwich construction.Can different structures be set according to the space requirement in parking lot, make full use of existing space, increase the parking space.
Above-mentioned parking apparatus has individual layer horizontal plane clockwise direction or the mode of two kinds of vehicle allocation and transportation of cyclic shift counterclockwise.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, cancelled the passage of access, increased effective parking area to the parking space;
2, adopt horizontal displacement circulation type allocation and transportation vehicle, avoid the lifting of vertical direction, cut down the consumption of energy, be beneficial to environmental protection;
3, can reconstruct or be installed as the single layer structure parking lot in the open existing or underground parking, if under the condition of original parking lot height permission, also can build up bilayer or sandwich construction parking lot.
4, establish a plurality of accesses parking stall, many cars of access have simultaneously significantly reduced the time of storing and taking out car and the phenomenon that alleviation is waited in line;
5, driver and other staff can not enter inside, garage, help the keeping of vehicle and property thereof;
6, the access vehicle is only finished on the access track, and the driver need not to move operations such as storehouse, reversing and tune, and is simple and convenient, safe;
7, automaticity height can significantly reduce the parking lot management personnel.
In order to understand the present invention more clearly, set forth the specific embodiment of the present invention below with reference to description of drawings.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a construction module front schematic view of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of vehicle bearing pallet.
Fig. 4 is the profile of I-I direction among Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the assembly distribution map of Fig. 1 construction module.
Fig. 6 a, 6b are the design sketchs of vehicle bi-directional shift in the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 7 a, 7b are the design sketchs of the unidirectional displacement of vehicle in the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 8 is the front schematic view of the embodiment of the invention 2.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Shown in Fig. 1~3, large parking lot can be made up of a plurality of identical construction modules, and each construction module comprises parking space 2, access track 3, elevating mechanism 4 and vehicle bearing pallet 5.Access track 3 is arranged between the vehicle inlet 11 and vehicle outlet 12 in garage 1, is provided with gate 13 between inside, garage and access track.The parking space 2 of inside, garage is divided into two lines, and each parking space is provided with a vehicle bearing pallet, and the vehicle of access all is parked on the vehicle bearing pallet, by vehicle bearing pallet support and displacement allocation and transportation.Vehicle bearing pallet 5 comprises vehicle-containing 51 and supports the support bar of vehicle-containing, support bar lower end hollow.Vehicle-containing 51 1 ends are provided with wheel fixture 52, and this wheel fixture 52 is a front-wheel clamp, can be on vehicle-containing 51 with vehicle stationary, and avoid in shifting process the vehicle dislocation that is in danger to cause danger; The both sides of vehicle-containing 51 also are provided with car door railing 53, prevent that car door from opening arbitrarily, have the effect of protection vehicle safety equally; Also be provided with drag hook jack 55 and steady pin jack 54 on the vehicle-containing 51.
Shown in Fig. 4,5, the present invention also comprises pearl rail system 6 that limits the vehicle bearing pallet direction of displacement and the drive unit that drives the vehicle bearing pallet displacement.Pearl rail system 6 comprise guide rail 61 and place in the guide rail 61 and with the steel ball 62 of vehicle bearing pallet support bar 56 tablings.Guide rail 61 horizontal distribution are in access track and inside, garage, and its cross section is a semi-circular recesses, just in time adapt to the curved surfaces of steel ball 62 to cooperate, are marked with sliding agent in the groove, guarantee steel ball 62 can freedom in groove, level and smooth rolling; Half is placed in steel ball 62 in the guide rail 61, and second half is placed in inside, support bar 56 lower end, and the rolling of steel ball can realize all around motion of vehicle bearing pallet on guide rail.The distribution of guide rail 61 in inside, garage is Back Word type closing structure, thereby forms circulating displacement parking apparatus.Above-mentioned drive unit comprises stayed pole 71,72,73,74 and the hydraulic mechanism 8 that drives the stayed pole motion, is provided with chain drive between stayed pole and hydraulic mechanism.Drive unit is arranged between vehicle bearing pallet and the guide rail, does not hinder the vertical shift and the transverse shift of vehicle bearing pallet.Stayed pole 71,72,73,74 is provided with extension type drag hook 91, can with drag hook jack on vehicle-containing buckle mutually, when stayed pole can drive the vehicle bearing pallet displacement during motion under hydraulic mechanism drives, thereby realize the horizontal shift allocation and transportation of vehicle bearing pallet.As shown in Figure 5, also be provided with telescopic steady pin 92, adapt to steady pin jack on the vehicle-containing and cooperate, vehicle bearing pallet can be locked mutually with ground in access track and parking space.
Use of the present invention is as described below:
When 1, the garage is not fully parked with car, the vehicle bearing pallet of two skies is parked on the access track, (shown in Fig. 6 a) leaves a blank on parking space 25,210; If when only having a vehicle bearing pallet idle, with its vehicle entry position that is parked in the access track, the elevating mechanism of another location rises to concordant with the access track, as the vehicle access way.
2, during bicycle parking, wait to deposit on the vehicle-containing that vehicle directly drives access track vehicle bearing pallet into, fixed vehicle, garage door is opened, elevating stage descends, vehicle bearing pallet drops on the guide rail, the automatic lifting of car door railing on the vehicle-containing simultaneously, and steady pin breaks away from, the stayed pole motion, vehicle bearing pallet is drawn in parking space 21, close garage door, finish the bicycle parking process.
When 3, picking up the car, be parked in parking space 21,210 if wait to pick up the car, reduce elevating mechanism earlier, open garage door, the stayed pole motion, vehicle bearing pallet is moved on the access track, elevating mechanism rises then, and vehicle bearing pallet is lifted, and the car door railing of vehicle-containing is fallen simultaneously, steady pin stretches out and blocks vehicle bearing pallet, waits to pick up the car to roll away from from outlet through the access track.
If 4 to wait to pick up the car be not to be parked in parking space 21,210, then need to carry out the garage internal schedule.
The scheduling mode of inside, garage has two kinds of patterns: bi-directional shift and unidirectional displacement.Shown in Fig. 6 a, be parked on the access track as two vehicle bearing pallets, inside, garage has two parking spaces 25,210 to leave a blank, and can carry out bi-directional shift.As shown in Figure 5, stayed pole 72 is in the time of left movement, stayed pole 71 moves right, vehicle bearing pallet 51~54 and 55~58 moves a parking space (shown in Fig. 6 b) simultaneously clockwise, leave a blank in parking space 21,26, when stayed pole 74 moved upward then, stayed pole 73 moved downward, and vehicle bearing pallet 54,58 moves a parking space clockwise.Like this, bi-directional shift is taken turns in every execution one, and all vehicle bearing pallets all move a parking space clockwise in the garage.As a same reason, can carry out the inner displacement counterclockwise in garage.
Shown in Fig. 7 a, when having only a vehicle bearing pallet to be parked on the access track, inside, garage only has a parking space 25 to leave a blank, and can only carry out unidirectional displacement.As shown in Figure 5, stayed pole 71 moves right, and vehicle bearing pallet 51~54 moves a parking stall clockwise, and (shown in Fig. 7 b) leaves a blank on parking space 21, stayed pole 74 moves upward then, vehicle bearing pallet 59 moves a parking stall clockwise, leaves a blank in parking space 210, and stayed pole 72 is again to left movement, vehicle bearing pallet 55~58 moves a parking space, leave a blank in parking space 26, then stayed pole 73 moves downward and drives vehicle bearing pallet 54 clockwise mobile parking stalls, leaves a blank once more in parking space 25.Like this, unidirectional displacement is taken turns in every execution one, and all vehicle bearing pallets all move a parking space clockwise in the garage, but Duo one times than bi-directional shift running time.As a same reason, can carry out the inner displacement counterclockwise in garage.
Through after the several times displacements, waiting to pick up the car is displaced to parking space 21,210, is pulled to then on the access track and is rolled away from by the vehicle outlet.
When the parking lot area is big, can increase module with specific requirement as required, connect into a large-scale horizontal displacement circulation type parking field.Each module can work independently, and does not disturb mutually, so the speed of access vehicle is very fast, need not to wait in line.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 8, when there are enough height indoor or underground parking, when there was sufficient intensity on ground, this parking apparatus can build up double-decker.The structure design of every layer garage and mode of operation are basic identical with embodiment 1, and it is concordant with top garage that difference only is to increase the height of elevating mechanism.
Embodiment 3
If the parking lot is a long narrow plane structure, every capable parking quantity reaches more than 10, and the number of times of the scheduling of garage interior vehicle can increase like this, prolongs to pick up the car the time.The garage can be divided into two like this, the access track is located at the centre in garage, and the parking space is arranged in both sides, access track, thereby reduces the vehicle bearing pallet quantity in each garage, reduces the displacement scheduling times, improves the speed of picking up the car.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned several embodiment, if various changes of the present invention or modification are not broken away from the spirit and scope of the present invention, if these are changed and modification belongs within claim of the present invention and the equivalent technologies scope, then the present invention also is intended to comprise these changes and modification.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of horizontal displacement circulation type parking device, comprise parking space (2), access track (3), elevating mechanism (4) and vehicle bearing pallet (5), it is characterized in that: also comprise pearl rail system (6) that limits the vehicle bearing pallet direction of displacement and the drive unit that drives the vehicle bearing pallet displacement, described pearl rail system (6) comprise horizontally disposed guide rail (61) and place in the guide rail and with the steel ball (62) of vehicle bearing pallet tabling, drive unit comprises stayed pole (7) and the power part that drives the stayed pole motion, and wherein: the stayed pole of vehicle bearing pallet and drive unit is connected and fixed and is slid against on the guide rail of pearl rail system by the drive unit drive.
2, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described power part is a hydraulic mechanism, or motor.
3, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be provided with transmission mechanism between described stayed pole (7) and the power part, this transmission mechanism is a screw rod, or gear, or chain.
4, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cross section of described guide rail (61) is a semi-circular recesses.
5, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described vehicle bearing pallet (5) comprises vehicle-containing (51) and supports the support bar (56) of vehicle-containing.
6, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described vehicle-containing (51) is provided with wheel fixture (52) and car door railing (53).
7, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described stayed pole (7) is provided with drag hook (91), and vehicle bearing pallet is provided with the drag hook jack (55) that snaps in for drag hook.
8, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described access track and parking space are provided with telescopic steady pin (92), and vehicle bearing pallet is provided with the steady pin jack (54) that inserts for steady pin.
9, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described parking apparatus is a single layer structure, or double-decker, or sandwich construction.
10, horizontal displacement circulation type parking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described parking apparatus has individual layer horizontal plane clockwise direction or the mode of two kinds of vehicle allocation and transportation of cyclic shift counterclockwise.
CNB2007100310351A 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device Expired - Fee Related CN100453762C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100310351A CN100453762C (en) 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100310351A CN100453762C (en) 2007-10-24 2007-10-24 Horizontal displacement circulation type parking device

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CN101148949A CN101148949A (en) 2008-03-26
CN100453762C true CN100453762C (en) 2009-01-21

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102242572A (en) * 2010-05-14 2011-11-16 马邕勤 Movable vehicle-mounted equipment
CN102251689B (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-11-28 东南大学 Mobile three-dimensional parking lot
CN103015776B (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-04-22 江苏省交通科学研究院股份有限公司 Energy-saving three-dimensional parking system
CN104763196A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-08 石家庄宝地停车机械有限公司 Intelligent roadway receding-free stereo garage
CN106522615A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-03-22 章涵孜 Roadside parking device based on street lamp power source
CN108937261A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-07 深圳市博原实业有限公司 A kind of kitchen access device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1084607A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-03-30 潘明棠 Packaged type parking plate, machine sky parking
CN2178760Y (en) * 1993-11-24 1994-10-05 薛国庆 Movable garage made of glass fibre reinforced plastic
JPH11287053A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-19 Ikuo Kuramoto Base frame device for putting aside, putting in and out sideways, turning direction, and rotating for car, in front of garage

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1084607A (en) * 1993-03-18 1994-03-30 潘明棠 Packaged type parking plate, machine sky parking
CN2178760Y (en) * 1993-11-24 1994-10-05 薛国庆 Movable garage made of glass fibre reinforced plastic
JPH11287053A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-19 Ikuo Kuramoto Base frame device for putting aside, putting in and out sideways, turning direction, and rotating for car, in front of garage

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Granted publication date: 20090121

Termination date: 20101024