CN100337972C - Process for making a chinaware - Google Patents

Process for making a chinaware Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100337972C
CN100337972C CNB2004100102374A CN200410010237A CN100337972C CN 100337972 C CN100337972 C CN 100337972C CN B2004100102374 A CNB2004100102374 A CN B2004100102374A CN 200410010237 A CN200410010237 A CN 200410010237A CN 100337972 C CN100337972 C CN 100337972C
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China
Prior art keywords
kiln
bake
look mud
moulded pottery
color
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CNB2004100102374A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1690010A (en
Inventor
张文涛
柴战柱
田彦文
耿翠
常恒光
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焦作市金谷斋文化艺术传播有限责任公司
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Priority to CNB2004100102374A priority Critical patent/CN100337972C/en
Publication of CN1690010A publication Critical patent/CN1690010A/en
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Publication of CN100337972C publication Critical patent/CN100337972C/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a manufacture method of twisted colored engraved porcelain. The method of the present invention is composed of steps such as raw material processing, forming, calcining, etc. A color sludge layer with a certain thickness is formed by showering color slurry on a white sludge blank for many times; then, the color sludge layer is engraved and processed; the color of images of the obtained twisted colored engraved porcelain is determined by factors such as the adding proportion of pigment, the thickness of the color sludge layer, etc., so the color of images of the obtained twisted colored engraved porcelain has rich change; the images have the plastic effect; after being calcined, the blank with the removed internal sludge blank has the glittering and translucent carving appearance and has the artistic effects which are out of reach by ordinary artistic porcelain.

Description

The making method of strand tire chinaware
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic, relate in particular to a kind of making method of twisting the tire chinaware.
Background technology
Strand tire porcelain claims " stirring the tire porcelain " again, comes across the Tang Dynasty, and is prosperous in the Song dynasty, and its kiln site is positioned at present Xiuwu County, Henan Province when positive valley one band, interrupts because of chaos caused by war in the period of the quiet health, and its making method has only a small amount of goods to deposit generation because of of the remote past lost.Picking flower quarter is one of representative technology of strand tire porcelain, and in recent years, constantly the someone attempts recovering this tradition name porcelain on the manufacture craft basis of household china and artistic porcelain, but effect is all not satisfactory.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of making method of twisting the tire chinaware.
Purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of making method of twisting the tire chinaware, by raw material processing, moulding with burn till step and form:
A, in the raw material procedure of processing, except that the preparation white clay, preparation band look mud also in addition, band look mud is to make by hard fire colour is added in the common clay wash, the ratio that hard fire colour adds for its account for material in the band look mud do solid measure 0~10%;
B, at forming step, earlier white clay is made the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of desired shape, and moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dried to certain intensity, band look mud with a kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, makes the uniform look mud layer of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment thickness, after drying after a while, band look mud with another kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, make and adhere to thickness new look mud layer uniformly on the original look mud layer again, the rest may be inferred, makes moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment multilayer look mud layer form base substrate; Then, base substrate is carved, when certain color of needs, scraped off outside look mud layer till the look mud layer that exposes required color, final billet surface forms has relief pattern.
In the raw material procedure of processing, the fineness of band look mud is 200 mesh sieve all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.1%, and the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.5%, TiO 2≤ 0.3%.
In the raw material procedure of processing, the fineness of band look mud is 200 order all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.3%, and the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.3%, TiO 2≤ 0.1%, the additional proportion of hard fire colour is 0~5%;
In forming step, after engraving finishes, and the pattern of billet surface is finished, repair the part or all of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of base substrate inside.
At forming step, before engraving, repair the part or all of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of base substrate inside.
The thickness of every layer of look mud layer is between 0.5 millimeter to 2 centimetres.
The strand tire chinaware of making by technique scheme, the color of picture is by factors such as the thickness decision of the additional proportion and the look mud layer of pigment, therefore can produce abundant variation, and picture has stereoscopic sensation, and the base substrate of repairing inner moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is after burning till, glittering and translucent, have artistic effect that common artistic porcelain is beyond one's reach.
Embodiment
The making method of embodiment 1, this strand tire chinaware, by raw material processing, moulding with step such as burn till and form:
A, in the raw material procedure of processing, used raw material can be grouped into reference to the one-tenth of household china, requirement according to prescription, raw materials weighing fine grinding pulping, mud is through sieving and deironing, and the intensity in magnetic field is 10000 Gausses, sieve aperture is 140~160 orders, make the fineness of mud reach 200 mesh sieve all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve surpluses 0.1%, the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.5%, TiO 2≤ 0.3%, reach requirement for making fineness and ferrotitanium foreign matter content, sieve and deironing should hocket more than the secondary, thereby guarantee the pure white exquisiteness of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake.A part of mud is made the white clay section through press filtration, vacuum pugging, and vacuum tightness should need pugging 3 times during vacuum pugging more than 740 mmhg, and is old then standby.Add the hard fire colour of different colours in another part mud, the fineness of hard fire colour also should reach the fineness requirement of aforementioned mud, and according to the colour developing ability of pigment in mud, the ratio of adding is 0~10%, makes required band look mud.When additional proportion is 0, still be clay wash.
Certainly, every kind of hard fire colour also can be gone into mill with raw material respectively, makes band look mud through ball milling, deironing, step such as sieve.
B, at forming step, earlier white clay is made the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of desired shape, and moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dried to certain intensity, band look mud with a kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, makes the uniform look mud layer of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment thickness, after drying after a while, band look mud with another kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, make and adhere to thickness new look mud layer uniformly on the original look mud layer again, the rest may be inferred, makes the look mud layer of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment multilayer different colours form base substrate.
Watering when drenching, moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake can be placed on the mechanical runner, the limit is watered and is drenched look mud limit and rotate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, and look mud flows from top to bottom on moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface, action of gravity lower edge, and along with the rotation of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, the surface of very fast covering moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake.
To water the thickness that drench to form the look mud layer mainly relevant with the viscosity of the degree of drying of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake and mud at every turn, the look mud layer thickness that at every turn waters formation after drenching generally speaking is in 0.2 millimeter, when the thicker look mud layer of needs, just should repeat to water pouring with a kind of band look mud, till reaching the thickness that needs.
Then, can carve base substrate according to the pattern rough draft of prior creation, when certain color of needs, pick to carve and go outside look mud layer till the look mud layer that exposes required color, final billet surface forms has relief pattern.Certainly, for staff, also can carry out improvise with certain artistic grounding in basic skills.
After engraving finishes, the pattern of billet surface finishes, repair the inner all moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bakes of base substrate, only keep the device shape that constitutes by the different colours mud layer.Sometimes, when the number of plies of look mud layer less and thickness hour, but also retained part moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake has enough intensity to guarantee base substrate.Certainly,, thickness more when the number of plies of look mud layer is big or when having enough intensity, also can repair moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake before engraving or in the engraving process.
Because moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake only plays cambic effect in trimming in the making processes, therefore can reduce, as long as reach the fineness of common household china mud to fineness requirement as the white clay of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake.
The number of plies of look mud layer and thickness generally determines according to the physique structure of base substrate, when the bodily form of base substrate hour, the thickness of look mud layer can be smaller, but consider the color development effect after burning till, the thickness of every layer of look mud layer is advisable to be not less than 0.4 millimeter.In general, the number of plies of look mud layer can not add restriction, from which floor, tens layers to tens layers all can, and on a base substrate, can repeatedly use, but consider the complexity of composition with a kind of color, the number of plies of look mud layer is also too much unsuitable.When the bodily form of base substrate is big, the thickness of look mud layer can be greatly, and the total thickness of coloured mud layer should reach certain limit, to guarantee that base substrate has enough intensity, but consider the smooth transition of color in the picture, for common, the base substrate of size about 50 centimetres, the thickness of every layer of look mud layer is advisable to be not more than 2 centimetres.
When the thickness of look mud layer hour owing to exist possibility that adjacent color interferes with each other, therefore can after watering the band look mud that drenches a kind of color, water the clay wash that pouring does not add pigment, and then water the band look mud of the another kind of color of pouring.
Use the high temperature transparent at last, glaze adopts lime glaze, and the proportion of glaze slip is 1.38~1.65, and according to the difference of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake size and material composition, glazing thickness is 0.1~1mm.
C, burning till step, firing temperature is 1300~1380 ℃, and the heating-up time is 8~10 hours, uses oxydizing flame below 1000 ℃, burns to temperature required with reducing flame more than 1000 ℃.
Embodiment 2: in the present embodiment, the deironing of mud and sieve and need hocket four times makes the fineness of mud reach 200 mesh sieve all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.3%, and the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.3%, TiO 2≤ 0.1%.The ratio of the adding of hard fire colour is 0~5%.Burning till step, firing temperature is 1340~1360 ℃, and the heating-up time is 8.5~9 hours, and other step is identical with embodiment 1.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of making method of twisting the tire chinaware by raw material processing, moulding with burn till step and form, is characterized in that:
A, in the raw material procedure of processing, except that the preparation white clay, preparation band look mud also in addition, band look mud is to make by hard fire colour is added in the common clay wash, the ratio that hard fire colour adds for its account for material in the band look mud do solid measure 0~10%;
B, at forming step, earlier white clay is made the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of desired shape, and moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dried to certain intensity, band look mud with a kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, makes the uniform look mud layer of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment thickness, after drying after a while, band look mud with another kind of color waters pouring at the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake outside surface again, make and adhere to thickness new look mud layer uniformly on the original look mud layer again, the rest may be inferred, makes moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake surface attachment multilayer look mud layer form base substrate; Then, base substrate is carved, when certain color of needs, scraped off outside look mud layer till the look mud layer that exposes required color, final billet surface forms has relief pattern.
2, making method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in the raw material procedure of processing, the fineness of band look mud is 200 mesh sieve all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.1%, and the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.5%, TiO 2≤ 0.3%.
3, making method as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: in the raw material procedure of processing, the fineness of band look mud is 200 order all-pass mistakes, 250 mesh sieve screen over-sizes 0.3%, and the ferrotitanium foreign matter content is Fe in the raw material 2O 3≤ 0.3%, TiO 2≤ 0.1%, the additional proportion of hard fire colour is 0~5%.
4, making method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: in forming step, after engraving finishes, and the pattern of billet surface is finished, repair the part or all of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of base substrate inside.
5, making method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: at forming step, before engraving, repair the part or all of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of base substrate inside.
6, as claim 1,2,3,4 or 5 described making methods, it is characterized in that: the thickness of every layer of look mud layer is between 0.5 millimeter to 2 centimetres.
CNB2004100102374A 2004-04-29 2004-04-29 Process for making a chinaware CN100337972C (en)

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CN100337972C true CN100337972C (en) 2007-09-19

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103588418B (en) * 2012-08-15 2017-03-15 张桂兰 Twist tire microlite and its production method and special equipment
CN103057333B (en) * 2012-12-18 2015-06-24 焦作市金谷轩绞胎瓷艺术有限公司 Method for manufacturing twistable glaze artistic porcelain chrysanthemum ornamentation
CN103057343A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-24 焦作市金谷轩绞胎瓷艺术有限公司 Method for producing natural ornamentation of twisted colored body decorative china
CN103057331A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-24 焦作市金谷轩绞胎瓷艺术有限公司 Method for manufacturing twistable glaze artistic porcelain cross ornamentation
CN103121366B (en) * 2012-12-18 2015-06-24 焦作市金谷轩绞胎瓷艺术有限公司 Manufacturing method of V-shaped decorative patterns of artistic porcelain with twisted clay body
CN103057334A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-24 焦作市金谷轩绞胎瓷艺术有限公司 Method for manufacturing twistable glaze artistic porcelain cylinder ornamentation
CN106145884A (en) * 2015-04-27 2016-11-23 长沙铜官窑和陶缘陶瓷有限公司 A kind of production technology of pottery
CN105601343B (en) * 2016-01-25 2017-12-12 陕西科技大学 A kind of change colour picks the production method of colored Antique Imitation Tiles
CN106431503A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-02-22 陕西科技大学 Variable-color engraved archaized tile and preparation method
CN106565279A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-04-19 陕西火凤凰艺术陶瓷有限责任公司 Method for quick glazing of ceramic multicolor glaze

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1047487A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-12-05 厦门锦信彩瓷有限公司 Crackle powder colour porcelain making technology
CN1109456A (en) * 1995-01-28 1995-10-04 江文亮 Golden transparent flower decorative ceramics

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1047487A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-12-05 厦门锦信彩瓷有限公司 Crackle powder colour porcelain making technology
CN1109456A (en) * 1995-01-28 1995-10-04 江文亮 Golden transparent flower decorative ceramics

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