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Skirting board, floor covering system and method for manufacturing a skirting board. This invention relates to a skirting, a floor covering system, in particular a floor covering system that uses such a skirting, and a method for manufacturing such skirting.
It is known that a floor covering can be formed by means of floor panels which are laid on a surface and are preferably mutually connected to each other, either by means of a tongue and groove coupling glued together, or by means of coupling parts which interlock between the floor panels. Examples of mechanically locking coupling parts integrated into the floor panels are known, inter alia, from international patent applications WO 97/47834, WO 01/98603 and WO 01/96688.
Such floor panels can have a different structure, wherein use is usually made of a substrate or core on which a top layer, whether or not formed from several layers, is applied. The core usually consists of a board made of a wood-based material, for example chipboard or fiberboard, more specifically MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard) or HDF (High Density Fibreboard), although the use of other materials for the core, for example plastic, so-called compact laminate and the like is not excluded. The top layer can
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be made on the basis of plastic or another material, for example veneer, a layer of wood that is several millimeters thick, cork, linoleum, stone or the like.
In the case that the top layer consists of veneer or a layer of wood that is several millimeters thick, a skirting board belonging to the floor covering can easily be realized from solid wood of the same type of wood as the veneer or the top layer.
In the case that the top layer of the floor panels is made of plastic, it is for example formed from one or more pressed and cured resin-impregnated carrier sheets, including a printed decorative layer, which are applied to a core layer, more particularly DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate) ) or HPL (High Pressure Laminate), the problem arises that it is rather difficult to realize an skirting board that is optimally adapted to the floor covering, moreover in an industrial and economically responsible manner.
To date, in combination with such floor panels, skirting boards are used which are covered with a printed film, this film being glued to the actual skirting board. These known skirting boards have the disadvantage that the printing of the film of the skirting board is never optimally adapted to the printing of the decorative layer of the floor panels, since generally different manufacturing and printing techniques are assumed and such film and decorative layer are moreover based on different
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manufacturers are realized. In addition, for every newly developed motif for a decorative layer for the formation of floor panels, it is also a costly affair to develop a new adapted printing for the skirting of the skirting boards.
A further drawback of such skirted panels is that, due to the nature of the material of the film, namely simply printed paper or plastic, they never have the same appearance as the surface of the floor panels, which by means of a press and curing process has been obtained.
Nor does such a foil make it possible to achieve specific surface effects, which are possible in the manufacture of the floor panels, such as applying impressions, whether or not in accordance with the underlying printed motif, applying impressions which color component or other component are filled, post-treatment of the surface, for example, glossing, and so on.
Another important drawback of such a skirting-covered skirting board is that it is not possible to realize skirting-boards whose front and top side are connected at an angle to each other, since a certain rounding radius must always be provided when covering with a film.
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The present invention contemplates a skirting board that is constructed in such a way that one or more of the aforementioned disadvantages is offered a solution.
According to a first aspect, the invention therefore relates to a skirting board, characterized in that it consists of at least two structural parts, respectively a first part that forms at least a part of the front of the skirting and a second part that comprises at least a part of forms the top side of the skirting-board, wherein both parts are formed from a laminate-shaped material formed by means of pressing pressure with a core and a top layer based on plastic applied thereto. Because the skirting board according to the invention is composed of two parts, each consisting of a laminate material, the construction of the skirting board of the invention is no longer bound by the limitations of the use of a sheathing film and all effects that are also possible can be created at the floor panels.
Skirting boards with a front and top side can also be realized that connect to each other at an angle without having to respect a rounding radius. The plinth according to the invention also has a surface quality that fully corresponds to that of the floor panels.
It is noted that with structural parts it is meant that these parts have a core or substrate on which a top layer is applied, in contrast to, for example, thin laminate tapes that are sometimes
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used for covering the side of a laminate plate. Such laminate tapes could in principle also be used to cover an upper side of a skirting board, but it is known from practice that the use of such laminate tapes generally has the disadvantage that they can easily come loose and that the connection against the front side not always perfect.
The aforementioned two parts are preferably formed from a plate-shaped material, with the advantage that this material can be manufactured in the same production process or a similar production process as the base plate from which floor panels are formed. As a result, the base material of the skirting boards can for instance be manufactured with the same presses as those used for the manufacture of the floor panels, without special measures having to be applied during pressing.
The aforementioned two parts are preferably made from a similar or the same laminate material and provided with the same motif, so that the view from the front and top side is completely coordinated with each other. More particularly, it is preferable that the aforementioned two parts come from one and the same laminate plate, such that any slight differences which for whatever reason would occur during production between successive laminate plates never result in differences between the front and top of one and the same skirting board.
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In the most preferred embodiment, the aforementioned two parts connect at least at the height of the outside of the skirting board and have motifs that merge into one another on their visible sides, whereby, for example, in the case of a wood pattern, the wood grain is obtained at the the top changes into the wood grain at the front, creating the view as if the plinth is made of solid wood.
The invention is particularly useful in the case of classical laminate of the type in which the top layer of the aforementioned two parts is formed from one or more pressed resin-soaked layers, including a so-called decorative layer, which is printed either with an even print or with a well-defined motif that imitates, for example, wood, ceramics, stone or the like. More particularly, it is preferred that the aforementioned laminate material of at least one of the aforementioned two parts, and preferably of both parts, consists of so-called DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate) or so-called HPL (High Pressure Laminate) which is applied to a substrate or core is attached.
The aforementioned two parts can be attached to each other directly or indirectly, for example with the aid of glue or in some other way.
As aforementioned, the skirting board according to the invention can be realized without a rounding between the front and top, while the decorative top layers nevertheless
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connect each other. According to a preferred embodiment, the aforementioned two parts, with their outer sides, also abut against each other at an angle.
According to an important preferred embodiment, the aforementioned two parts extend with their top layer at an angle of 90 degrees with respect to each other, thus obtaining a skirting board with a rectangular outside.
Preferably, the aforementioned two parts connect at least partially in miter against each other, wherein this miter preferably extends at least to the outside of the skirting-board. As a result, at least in the embodiments in which the aforementioned parts are located directly against each other, it is obtained that the top layers connect against each other in the outer corner of the skirting board without visible seam. The miter here preferably extends according to an angle that coincides or approximately coincides with the bisector of the outer corner of the plinth. However, other options are not excluded.
In a special embodiment, the top layer of at least one of the aforementioned parts, but preferably of both parts, is provided with indentations, more particularly indentations imitating a relief, for example of a natural material such as wood pores, unevenness in a stone surface or the like. In this case these impressions may possibly be in accordance with the motif, more particularly the printed motif, of the top layer,
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which is often referred to as "registered embossment".
The latter is especially useful when wood is imitated, since a very realistic imitation can be obtained in this way.
According to yet another special embodiment, use is made of a laminate-shaped material, wherein in the aforementioned impressions, or at least a part thereof, a component is provided in the form of a coloring product and / or an active component. By means of such a coloring product, special effects can be created which are also applied to floor panels, such as, for example, simulating limed wood. By using an active component, other effects can then be created. An active component is understood to include, inter alia, antibacterial, antifungal, fluorescent, antistatic, sound-damping and other components.
According to yet another special embodiment, parts of which the top layer contains a decorative layer are used, wherein at least one colored overlay is present above the decorative layer, whether or not directly on it, as a result of which special effects can again be produced, as is the case. with floor panels.
For example, a very realistic imitation of colored, and more specifically limed, wood, also called "cérusé", can be obtained by forming the parts from material that has a top layer with a decorative layer that has a decorative layer that has a
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wood motif, wherein this top layer is provided with indentations in which a coloring component has been applied, and moreover to apply a colored overlay. The impressions filled with the coloring component imitate the dye that remains in the pores of a colored real wood floor, while the colored overlay imitates the dye cast that remains on the smooth wood surface when coloring real wood.
Regarding the aforementioned impressions, the use of components in these impressions, the use of colored overlays, as well as the execution of special post-processing, such as the surface coating of the top layer, reference is made to patent applications WO 01/96689, BE 2003 / 0339 and BE 2003/0585, in which the information contained in these patent applications, but described for floor panels, is to be considered by reference as incorporated in the present application but applied to the aforementioned skirting-board.
According to a special possibility, at the location of the corner edge formed by the two parts, a material part is removed, preferably in the form of a bevelled edge, wherein a decorative layer is then applied to the obtained surface, for example in the form of a lacquer, varnish, colored or non-colored impregnating agent, transfer printing or other printing.
It is clear that the core of the aforementioned parts preferably consists of the same material as it
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core material used in the manufacture of floor panels. MDF or HDF is therefore used in the most preferred embodiment. MDF and HDF also have the advantage that they are materials that are easily machined, which is important in forming the aforementioned two parts.
In principle, the core can consist of any material.
Other examples are therefore chipboard, extruded wood, or other sheet materials, whether or not based on wood. In the case of extruded wood, it is not impossible to start from basic parts that are already extruded in the form of the final plinth, or more or less in the form of it, and then laminated to form parts 2 and 3. come together.
Preferably, the aforementioned two parts consist of a larger upright part, which forms the front of the skirting, and a smaller top part, which is arranged on top of the upright part and which forms the top of the skirting.
For practical reasons, it is preferable that the aforementioned two parts are formed from plate-shaped material and that the sides of these parts facing each other are created by machining, which is to be understood to mean machining. After all, plate-shaped material which has been produced by means of a pressing operation is subject
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relatively large thickness tolerances. However, by arranging the two parts against each other only with sides which have been obtained by mechanical finishing, which operation can be carried out with very small tolerance deviations, the influence of thickness tolerances of the original plate-shaped material is avoided.
In an important preferred embodiment, the two parts are formed from a plate-shaped material which, opposite to the top layer, also comprises a counter layer, the part forming the side of the skirting board still having this counter layer, while the part forming the top side of the skirting board , this counter layer has been removed.
The component parts of the skirting board, and more particularly the aforementioned two parts, preferably have mutually fitting forms, for example in the form of a male and female part, which, when these parts are joined together, effect an automatic mutual positioning. For example, the sides of the parts that connect to each other can be designed with an inner corner and an outer corner, respectively, that fit into each other. Consequently, when the parts are pressed against each other, they automatically end up in a correct mutual position, whereby it is excluded that the top layers on the outer corner of the skirting board would not exactly match each other.
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Although the skirting board according to the invention preferably consists of only two parts, it is not excluded to assemble it from several parts. Hereby it is also possible to use a common support or connection structure to which the aforementioned two or more parts are attached.
It is clear that the component parts of the skirting board, and more particularly the aforementioned two parts, do not necessarily have to be attached to each other by means of an adhesive connection, but that any form of connection can be used for this purpose. According to a special embodiment, therefore, two or more of the constituent parts, and more particularly the aforementioned two parts, can be mutually connected by means of engaging profiles, which preferably provide a snap connection, the use of glue or individual elements such as staples, nails, screws or the like can be excluded.
It is clear that the plinth can have both a globally straight shape and any other shape. For example, it can be designed with a functional profiled rear, such as, for example, a rear with a recessed portion to limit contact with the wall or floor, a rear intended to cooperate with mounting accessories, such as mounting clips, a rear that is provided
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of one or more recesses, for example for accommodating pipes, etc.
The invention is not limited to skirting boards with a classical appearance, in other words skirting boards which have a uniform view or continuous motif that runs continuously along the length. For example, the top layer of the aforementioned two parts can be designed with a printed tile motif with joints that extend over the front and top of the relevant skirting. A relief difference may optionally be present at the location of the imitated joints, which difference is preferably formed by an impression, material removal or recess.
Another problem that arises with traditional skirting boards, which traditionally have a length of two or more meters, is that their use can entail certain disadvantages. For example, the skirting boards of such a classical length can easily be damaged during transport. They are also difficult to transport together with traditional laminate floor panels, since their length is considerably greater than the length of such floor panels.
When continuous skirting boards are provided with a repeating tile motif, which are intended to be used with tile-shaped laminate floor panels, there is also the disadvantage that it is difficult to realize a skirting board in which the distance between the successive imitated joints corresponds to the distance between the imitated joints.
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imitated joints of the floor panels, especially when a base plate with the same tile pattern was used for forming the baseboard and forming the floor panels in accordance with the first aspect of the invention.
Because during the manufacture of the tile-shaped laminate floor panels at the location of each joint a part is sawn away and milled away, while this is not the case when manufacturing a continuous plinth from the same material, it is clear that the distance between the joints of the plinth and the joints of the floor panels is different. It is therefore not possible to fit such a skirting board with the imitated joints in accordance with the joints of the floor panels along an installed floor.
Even if the baseboards were to be based on a base plate with a separate decorative layer, the grooves being shown closer to each other, the disadvantage remains that a perfect match between the grooves on the baseboards and the grooves on the tile-shaped floor panels cannot be guaranteed. . After all, such a printed decorative layer is subject to elongation and shrinkage, so that it is difficult to ensure a fixed distance between the joints on the skirting.
In order to remedy one or more of the aforementioned disadvantages, the present invention provides a skirting board according to a second aspect, characterized in that it is composed of short pieces which can be successively mounted one after the other in the longitudinal direction.
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According to a first possibility of this second aspect, work is carried out with pieces whose length is substantially the same, is the same or is smaller than the length of the floor panels for which the skirting board is intended to be used. In this way relatively short pieces are obtained which, on the one hand, will be damaged less quickly and, on the other hand, can be easily transported with boxes of floor tiles, either by sending them separately, whether or not packed in their own box, or by package them together with floor panels in the same box.
According to another possibility of the second aspect of the invention, the pieces are of such a length that they exactly correspond to the length of a tile-shaped floor panel, whereby a joint is imitated at the ends of each piece, with the result that a plinth can be realized from such pieces, the joints of which can precisely match the joints of the tile-shaped floor panels. After all, it is true that the aforementioned pieces can be manufactured with small length tolerances, just like the tile-shaped floor panels, as a result of which differences can hardly occur.
It is also not excluded to design the length of the pieces by a multiple of the length of a tile.
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According to a special embodiment, the successive pieces can be provided with coupling means through which they can be coupled to each other, whether or not directly. It can be concerned here with coupling means on the end ends which engage one another and effect a mechanical locking, and / or with coupling means with which each piece can be arranged on a common underlying supporting structure, for example a frame made of MDF / HDF, plastic, metal or the like , wherein this bearing structure is then, for example, first fixed against the wall.
The coupling means at the head ends can be of different shapes and consist, for example, of a tongue and groove, whether or not combined with locking means, which also effect mutual locking in the longitudinal direction of the skirting pieces.
The aforementioned imitation of a joint at the location of the ends of the aforementioned pieces of the skirting can be realized in various ways. This is preferably done according to one of the following options: - by means of printing; - by means of an impression; - by means of a print combined with a print; - by means of a removed material portion along the edge of the joint;
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- by means of a removed material part in the form of a chamfer or so-called chamfered edge, on which or not a separate decorative layer is applied.
It is noted that the invention also relates to a skirting board in which one or more features of the aforementioned first aspect are combined with one or more features of the aforementioned second aspect of the invention.
The present invention also relates to a floor covering system consisting of floor panels and skirting boards, wherein the floor panels are formed by laminate panels with a core and a pressed top layer based on plastic, more particularly resin, preferably so-called DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate), characterized in that skirting boards according to the first aspect of the invention are used here and that the top layers of the skirting boards and the floor panels are matched to each other.
These top layers are preferably matched to each other in that they exhibit one or more of the following properties: - the baseboards and the floor panels have been created by a similar manufacturing process; - both top layers consist of so-called DPL (Direct
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- the top layers are formed with the help of identical decorative layers, more particularly from identical resin impregnated and decorative printed paper layers or the like; - the top layers are finished in a similar way, more specifically they are both provided with one or more of the following finishes: - impressions in the surface; impressions in the surface which are in accordance with the motif of a decorative layer used in the top layer;
impressions in the surface in which a component is arranged, either a color component or an active component; - a post-treatment of the surface whereby the property thereof is changed, such as, inter alia, a flattened surface.
Furthermore, the invention also relates to a method for manufacturing skirting boards according to the aforementioned first aspect, wherein this method is characterized in that a laminate material with a core and a plastic-coated top layer is formed by means of pressing pressure; the aforementioned two parts are formed from this laminate material by means of one or more machining operations; and that the aforementioned two parts are connected directly or indirectly to each other.
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Preferably, strips are formed from the laminate material; these strips are assembled and attached together in absentia; are then removed from the composite strips, more particularly sawn off, to retain a skirting board. Because the assembly takes place by means of larger strips, after which only a part of one or both of the strips is sawn off, the strips can be properly clamped during joining them together.
According to a special technique, the aforementioned strips are assembled in the form of a tube, such that several skirting boards are retained in one go by the appropriate sawing of this tube. Such a tubular structure offers the advantage that the different strips can easily be brought together until they are adhered to each other. It should be noted that such a tubular structure is preferably, but not necessarily, of square or rectangular shape.
According to another technique of the invention, a slat or strip is preferably started, which is preferably sawn off a plate, a profiling being carried out on both longitudinal edges, whereafter this slat is cut in the longitudinal direction, for example sawn through, and the two obtained. parts previously positioned on the longitudinal edges are assembled such that a skirting board according to the invention is obtained.
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According to a special feature of the invention, the base plates for forming the aforementioned parts of the skirting board and the floor panels are realized by means of a similar manufacturing process, with the only substantial difference that the forming of the parts of the skirting board is based on a plate-shaped material with a thicker core than the plate-shaped material that is used to form the floor panels.
Although the use of a thin band-shaped part at the top of the skirting board, instead of a structural part, such as the aforementioned, presents certain disadvantages, it is noted that the use of such band-shaped part can still yield special advantages when the application is envisaged of certain post-processing. Such post-processing could also be carried out on a film, more particularly a thin laminate film, before and / or after this film has been cut into bands or strips, whereafter the resulting bands or strips are secured against the top of the skirting board.
This not only creates the advantage that a laminated surface is obtained both at the front and at the top, but that similar treatments and thus effects can also be created on these surfaces which can also be optimally adapted to the floor panels.
It is also not excluded to provide the front side of the skirting board with such foil, or both the top side and front side.
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According to a third aspect, the invention therefore relates to a skirting board, characterized in that it has a laminated surface both at the front and at the top, obtained by a pressing operation, wherein at least one surface is formed by a preformed laminate film, both laminated surfaces have undergone the same or similar post-processing.
The post-processing is, for example, one or more of the operations described above, such as applying impressions following the motif, filling in impressions with a component, glittering panels and the like.
When the laminate foil is combined with a classic laminate, for example when the body of the skirting board and the front is formed by a core with a top layer pressed thereon, for example type DPL, and the top consists of a laminate foil adhered thereafter, use is preferably made from the same decor layer. The laminate and the decorative layer are preferably realized in the same press, in the case of impressions even with the same press plate.
With the insight to better demonstrate the characteristics of the invention, a few preferred embodiments are described below as an example without any limiting character, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
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figure 1 represents a part of a skirting according to the first aspect of the invention in perspective; figure 2 represents a section according to line II-II in figure 1; figure 3 shows on a larger scale the part which is indicated by F3 in figure 2; figures 4 to 12 show different variants of the skirting board according to the invention; figure 13 shows on a larger scale the part which is indicated by F13 in figure 12; figures 14 and 15 represent views analogous to those of figure 13, for two variants;
figure 16 represents another embodiment of a skirting board according to the invention, in mounted condition; figure 17 represents a view similar to that of figure 3, but for a variant; Figure 18 shows a floor covering system according to the invention; Figure 19 shows another skirting board according to the invention; figure 20 schematically represents a method for manufacturing the skirting board according to the invention; figures 21 and 22 show two special techniques that can be used in the manufacture of such plinth;
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Figure 23 represents a floor covering system with a skirting board constructed in accordance with the second aspect of the invention; figures 24 and 25 show sections on a larger scale along lines XXIV-XXIV and XXV-XXV in figure 23;
figures 26 and 27 represent views analogous to those of figure 24, for two variants of the skirting board according to the invention.
As shown in the embodiment of figures 1 to 3, a skirting 1 which is designed in accordance with the first aspect of the invention consists of at least two structural parts 2-3, respectively a first part 2 which comprises at least a part of the front side 4 of forms the skirting board 1 and a second part 3 which forms at least a part of the upper side 5 of the skirting board 1, wherein both parts 2-3 are formed from a laminate-shaped material 6 formed by means of compression pressure with a core 7 and a top layer applied thereto 8 based on plastic. As will be apparent from the further description, the parts 2-3 are preferably formed from a plate-shaped laminate-like material 6, wherein for forming the two parts 2-3, preferably a similar or the same laminate-like material is used, which is also preferably the same motif.
The core 7 of the parts 2-3 consists of, for example, MDF or HDF, while the top layer 8 preferably consists of one or more resin-impregnated layers which are on the core 7
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be squeezed. Figure 3 shows by way of example a detail in which the top layer 8 is composed of two layers, respectively a so-called decor layer 9, which is preferably provided with a print and a so-called overlay 10. The aforementioned print can represent a specific motif, for example a wood motif, a brick motif or the like or may also consist of a monochrome print. The resins used at these layers are preferably melamine resins, but other possibilities are not excluded.
On the backside, in this case of the part 2, a so-called counter layer 11 may be present.
Preferably, the laminate material 6, which is formed by the core 7, the top layer 8 and the optional counter layer 11, is designed as a so-called DPL (Direct Pressure Laminate).
In the embodiment of Figures 1 to 3, the parts 2 and 3 are directly attached to each other in that they are glued to each other on their sides 12-13 facing each other.
As clearly visible in Figs. 2 and 3, the aforementioned two parts 2-3 with their outer sides 14-15 adjoin each other at an angle, the top layers 8 extending at an angle of 90 degrees up to the outer corner 16 of the skirting 1 .
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In order to achieve that the top layers 8 connect nicely to each other at the outer corner 16, the aforementioned parts 2 and 3 are designed such that they abut each other at least at the outer corner 16.
It is clear that the parts 2 and 3 can be made in different forms. For clarification, a number of variants are described below with reference to Figures 4 to 16.
Figure 4 shows an embodiment in which the second part 3 is of triangular design and fits into a triangular recess 17 in the upper side of the first part 2.
Figure 5 shows an embodiment in which the upper side 5 is made inclined.
Figure 6 shows an embodiment in which the second part 3 is trapezoidal and fits into a similarly shaped recess 18 in the upper side of the first part 2.
It is noted that in the embodiments of figures 1 to 6, the sides 12 and 13 facing each other are created by machining, so that the parts 2-3 can be made very accurately and therefore fit together very precisely. whereby the seam on the outer corner 16 is not or hardly visible. This does not exclude any other options. For example, Figure 7 shows an example of the second
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In part 3 there is still a part of the counter-layer 11 present, so that no surface obtained by machining is present at this location, which, as explained in the introduction, may in certain cases lead to a less accurate embodiment.
It is also noted that, as is shown, for example, in the embodiments of Figs. 4, 6 and 7, use of mutually fitting forms is achieved when the parts 2 and 3 are joined together, a mutual correct positioning is automatically achieved.
In Figure 8, the second part 3 protrudes backwards, such that a space or recessed part 20 is formed on the rear side 19 of the skirting board 1, whereby contact with the floor and / or wall is limited when placing the skirting board, so that a better connection can be guaranteed with a wall that is irregularly shaped against the floor. As shown in Figure 8, one or more additional recesses 21 may also be formed in the rear side of the first part 2 for the same purpose.
Figure 9 shows a variant in which a material part has been removed at the corner edge, in this case in the form of a bevelled edge 22, on which a decorative layer 23 is applied, for example according to one of the techniques mentioned in the introduction.
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Figure 10 shows an embodiment in which the parts 2-3 are mounted on a common support or connection structure, in this case a common basic profile 24. The connection between the component parts can be made here or not at the factory.
Figure 11 shows a variant in which an insert 25 is arranged between parts 2-3.
Figures 12 and 13 show a variant in which the parts 2 and 3 are provided on their sides facing each other with parts 12A-13A and 12B-13B situated transversely to each other, such that during the assembly of the parts 2 and 3 , more particularly the gluing thereof, by means of pressure elements 26 and 27, for example pressure rollers, pressure forces can be exerted in two directions. This technique can completely rule out the possibility that the parts 2 and 3 can shift relative to each other during pressing.
Figures 14 and 15 show two variants, one of the two parts, in this case the part 3, having a bendable, more specifically elastically bendable part 28, all such that when joining parts 2 and 3 and by flexing the part 28 a tensioning force is realized which contributes to a good connection of the parts 2 and 3 at the location of the top layers 8. It is clear that a space is present below the part 28 which preferably has a space
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allows such pressure to allow the portion 28 to flex.
In Figure 15, the parts 2 and 3 are provided with positioning means which prevent the parts 2 and 3 from moving laterally relative to each other, which in this case are formed by a tooth-shaped part 29 on the part 3 and a groove 30 in the part 2.
Figures 14 and 15 also show that glue chambers 31, for applying glue and / or collecting excess glue, can be provided at the necessary places.
Figure 16 shows that a space 20 cannot be provided on the rear side for reducing the contact of the skirting board 1 with the floor 32 or wall 33, but a profile 34 can also be provided on the rear side which is intended to work together with mounting accessories, in this case a mounting clip 35 mounted against the wall 33.
In general, it is clear that, thanks to the embodiment of the invention, the top layers 8 of both parts 2-3 can be optimally matched to one another and that it is even possible to design any motifs that are on the top layers of parts 2 and 3. are merged.
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Because plate-like material can be assumed, the advantage also arises that all special effects that can be created in the formation of plate-like material can now be integrated in a skirting board 1 in an identical manner, with the intended special effect both at the front 4 and at the front. its top 5.
Figure 17 shows an example of a special effect in which the top layer 8 of both parts 2-3 is provided with indentations 36 in which a component 37 is arranged, preferably a color component, with which, for example, as explained in the introduction, limed wood can be calcined. imitated.
It is clear that the use of such indentations 36 need not necessarily be combined with the use of a component to be provided therein. Such impressions 36 can also be used purely for imitating a relief, more particularly for imitating natural surfaces.
The aforementioned impressions 36 may or may not be in accordance with a motif shown on the decorative layer 9. This is especially useful in the imitation of wood, but is also not excluded in the imitation of other materials.
It is also possible to apply a colored overlay, creating special effects, whether or not in it
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combination with the use of colored or non-colored impressions can be realized.
Figure 8 shows a floor covering system according to the invention, with floor panels 38 and a baseboard 1 that are matched to each other, in that they are made of a similar laminate material.
Figure 19 shows an embodiment of a skirting board 1 according to the invention, wherein the top layer 8 of the two parts 2-3 is provided with a tile design with joints 39 which extend over the front 4 and top 5. In figure 19 these are wide joints obtained by means of printing. An impression may have been realized at the location of these joints. Instead of joints obtained by means of a printing, these can, according to an alternative, also be formed by material removal or recesses, in which optionally a separate coloring or printing is provided at the location thereof.
Figure 20 schematically shows a possible embodiment of the method for manufacturing the skirting board 1. In a first step 40, a plate-shaped substrate 41, more particularly a material for forming the core 7, for example an MDF or HDF plate, and a resin-impregnated printed decor layer 9, an overlay 10 and a counter layer 11 are brought together. In a second step 42, this whole of layers is compressed in a press 43 and consolidated by means of the resin. Hereby can
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simultaneous impressions in the upper side are formed, for example with the aid of an intermediate plate 44 which is provided with a relief 45. Thus, a plate of laminate material 6 is obtained. In the step 46, a lacquer 47 or the like is rolled into the indentations.
According to steps not shown, a forced drying of the lacquer 47 can then also be provided and a cleaning can be carried out to remove any lacquer cast remaining behind. The laminate material 6 is then divided into strips, more particularly sawn into slats 48.
Parts 2 and 3 can then be formed from this by machining operations, for example by means of the necessary milling and / or planing operations, after which these parts 2-3 are connected to each other.
It is clear that different variants are possible. For example, the lacquer 47 could only be applied in the indentations after the skirting board 1 itself has already been manufactured.
It is noted that the laminate material could also be realized in a continuous press and that any impressions made could also be pressed into the surface in a separate press.
Figure 21 shows a special method for fixing the parts 2 and 3 together. In this case, slats or strips 48 are tubular and mitred to each other, preferably glued, such as centrally in the
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figure is shown. The tubular structure offers the advantage that the slats 48 can be stably clamped during gluing. By subsequently cutting the sleeve along the lines 49, more specifically by sawing, four baseboards 1 according to the invention are obtained.
Figure 22 shows a technique based on a slat or strip 50, which is preferably sawn off a plate, wherein, in a first step 51, a profiling is performed on both longitudinal edges 52-53, after which this slat 50, such as shown in step 54, is cut longitudinally, in this case by means of a saw 55. Thus, two parts 2 and 3 for forming the skirting 1 are obtained. In the step 56 shown, another part of the part 2 is removed, for example milled away. Finally, the parts 2 and 3, as shown in step 57, are joined together, whereafter, as shown in step 58, they are attached to each other, in this case by means of glue.
This technique has the advantage that the edge 52 can be formed while the part 3 is still present on the slat 50, whereby a good clamping and / or guidance during milling thereof is possible. Both edges 52 and 53 can also be formed simultaneously by passing such slat 50 between two opposing cutters.
Figures 23 to 25 relate to a baseboard and a floor covering system in which both the first and second aspect of the invention are applied. There exists for this
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the skirting board 1 consists of short pieces 59 which are successively mounted one after the other, while each piece 59 consists of at least two assembled parts 2 and 3 as described above.
In the example, the pieces 59 are provided with coupling means whereby they can be coupled to each other indirectly. In the example shown, these coupling means consist of coupling parts 60 in the form of recesses with which the pieces 59 can be clamped on a common profile 61, which in turn is attached to the wall.
According to an important feature of the second aspect, an imitation of a joint 62 is present at the location of each transition between two pieces 59. Optionally, additional joint imitations may be formed between the ends of each piece 59. In the example shown, the imitations of the joints 62 are realized by means of removed material parts, in this case in the form of bevelled edges 63 which are preferably provided with a decorative layer or covering 64, for example by means of a lacquer, printing or impregnation. .
According to yet another important feature, the pieces 59 have a length corresponding to the length of the floor panels 38 where they are intended to be used, which is especially useful for floor panels which imitate stone tiles. Thus it becomes possible to
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skirting boards 1 of which the joints 62 are exactly opposite the joints 65 of the tile-shaped floor panels 38, as shown in detail in figures 24 and 25.
Figures 26 and 27 show two variants in which to connect the pieces 59 to each other, instead of indirect coupling means, use is made of direct coupling means 66, which allow a connection between the ends of the pieces 59, more specifically between the ends or edge regions 67 and 68.
The coupling means 66 consist of first coupling parts 69, mainly in the form of a tooth 70 and a groove 71 which effect at least a certain locking in a direction R1 perpendicular to the plane of the skirting board 1, and second coupling parts 72 which at least have a certain locking in effecting a direction R2 along the length of the skirting board 1, wherein the second coupling parts 72 at least, on the one hand, comprise a part 73 which is elastically compressible transversely to the surface of the skirting board 1, whether or not perpendicular thereto, and which is located at one of the edge regions 67-68, preferably at the edge region 68 at which the tooth 70 is present, and, on the other hand, a part 74 cooperating therewith, preferably not compressible or less compressible, at the other edge region,
said second coupling parts 72 being located in a zone behind the tip 75 of the tooth 70 and better still completely or almost completely behind the zone T occupied by the
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actual tooth 70. By "behind the tip or zone T" is meant the coupling parts 72, and in the first place the locking contact surfaces of these coupling parts, are located more inwards on the relevant parts. In this case, the zone T should be considered as the distance by which the tooth is behind the shortest groove limiting lip.
The part 74, which cooperates as a hook-shaped part with the part 73, is preferably located on a protruding lip 76.
Figure 26 shows a one-part embodiment, in which the compressible part 73 is formed by a part of an elastically bendable lip 77, so that the depression is the result of a bend, while Figure 27 shows a variant in which the compressible part 73 consists of an elastic compressible material, such as a relatively rigid rubber strip, whereby the compression is therefore the result of a material compression. It is clear that the lip 77 can also extend in other directions. As shown, the part 73 is in both cases at the rear of the tooth, in other words the side that faces the wall. According to a variant, the part 73 could also be located at the front.
In a laminate structure, with pressed resin layers, the layer that is against the lip 76 preferably extends
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out to or near the coupling part 74, so as to maximize the rigidity of the lip 76.
As schematically indicated by arrows, the coupling means are preferably designed in such a way that the pieces 59 can be inserted into each other by sliding and / or winding. Rotating around the front edge is the most practical technique here, but sliding may be necessary if pieces 59 are to be installed on a wall in places that are difficult to reach. The coupling can be designed without play.
The coupling means of figures 26 and 27 allow the pieces 59 to be easily slid into one another and rotated. Because, at least in the embodiment shown, the part 73 can be compressed substantially separately from the other material parts, these other parts are little or no load.
It is noted that the coupling means described above with reference to Figures 26 and 27 for joining the pieces 59 of a skirting board can be used in a similar manner according to the invention for joining floor panels, more particularly laminate floor panels, irrespective of whether or not this is done in combination with the use of a skirting board according to the invention. According to this fourth aspect of the invention, the wall in the drawings should then be omitted, while the front of the pieces 59 then as
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the top of such a floor panel must be seen.
Such floor panels can then be laid floating without connection to the subfloor. Such floor panels are preferably rectangular and coupling means are provided on four sides, in other words edges, which effect a vertical and horizontal locking, wherein coupling means as described above are applied on two opposite sides, while coupling means can be arranged on the other two sides are designed in a different way, preferably, but not necessarily, coupling means that only allow coupling by rotation and not by shifting. In the case of floor panels, the coupling parts are preferably realized from MDF, and more preferably HDF, preferably in one piece from the substrate of the floor panel.
The present invention is by no means limited to the embodiments described by way of example and shown in the figures, but such skirting, such a floor covering system, the aforementioned floor panels and the aforementioned methods of manufacturing a skirting can be realized according to different variants without departing from the scope of the invention. invention.
For example, the aforementioned post-processing, such as the application of a component in the indentations, the glossing of the laminate surface, need not necessarily precede the formation of the parts 2 and 3 or
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prior to the application of the laminate film. This is also possible after the parts 2 and 3 have already been assembled or after the laminate film has been applied to the other parts of the skirting board.