WO2022156218A1 - 一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉 - Google Patents

一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉 Download PDF

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WO2022156218A1
WO2022156218A1 PCT/CN2021/115574 CN2021115574W WO2022156218A1 WO 2022156218 A1 WO2022156218 A1 WO 2022156218A1 CN 2021115574 W CN2021115574 W CN 2021115574W WO 2022156218 A1 WO2022156218 A1 WO 2022156218A1
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superheater
carbon dioxide
temperature
external
reheater
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PCT/CN2021/115574
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English (en)
French (fr)
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王林
杨博
何信林
高景辉
王红雨
孟颖琪
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西安热工研究院有限公司
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Publication of WO2022156218A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022156218A1/zh

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B3/00Other methods of steam generation; Steam boilers not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F22B3/08Other methods of steam generation; Steam boilers not provided for in other groups of this subclass at critical or supercritical pressure values
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K25/00Plants or engines characterised by use of special working fluids, not otherwise provided for; Plants operating in closed cycles and not otherwise provided for
    • F01K25/08Plants or engines characterised by use of special working fluids, not otherwise provided for; Plants operating in closed cycles and not otherwise provided for using special vapours
    • F01K25/10Plants or engines characterised by use of special working fluids, not otherwise provided for; Plants operating in closed cycles and not otherwise provided for using special vapours the vapours being cold, e.g. ammonia, carbon dioxide, ether
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B31/00Modifications of boiler construction, or of tube systems, dependent on installation of combustion apparatus; Arrangements of dispositions of combustion apparatus
    • F22B31/08Installation of heat-exchange apparatus or of means in boilers for heating air supplied for combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22DPREHEATING, OR ACCUMULATING PREHEATED, FEED-WATER FOR STEAM GENERATION; FEED-WATER SUPPLY FOR STEAM GENERATION; CONTROLLING WATER LEVEL FOR STEAM GENERATION; AUXILIARY DEVICES FOR PROMOTING WATER CIRCULATION WITHIN STEAM BOILERS
    • F22D1/00Feed-water heaters, i.e. economisers or like preheaters
    • F22D1/02Feed-water heaters, i.e. economisers or like preheaters with water tubes arranged in the boiler furnace, fire tubes, or flue ways
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22GSUPERHEATING OF STEAM
    • F22G3/00Steam superheaters characterised by constructional features; Details of component parts thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the technical field of thermal power plant boilers, and relates to a high-efficiency supercritical carbon dioxide boiler with dual working substances.
  • the power generation process of modern coal-fired power plants is based on the steam Rankine cycle.
  • the Rankine cycle is the simplest steam power cycle, consisting of four main devices: water pump, boiler, steam turbine and condenser.
  • the water is compressed and boosted in the water pump; then it enters the boiler and is heated and vaporized until it becomes superheated steam, and then enters the steam turbine to expand and perform work (driving the generator to generate electricity), and the low-pressure steam after the work enters the condenser and is cooled and condensed into water .
  • the Rankine cycle is the simplest steam power cycle, consisting of four main devices: water pump, boiler, steam turbine and condenser.
  • the water is compressed and boosted in the water pump; then it enters the boiler and is heated and vaporized until it becomes superheated steam, and then enters the steam turbine to expand and perform work (driving the generator to generate electricity), and the low-pressure steam after the work enters the condenser and is
  • the supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO 2 ) power generation system is a Brayton cycle system with supercritical CO 2 as the working medium.
  • the cycle process is: first, the S-CO 2 is boosted by a compressor; The external heater heats the S-CO 2 working fluid isobarically; secondly, the working fluid enters the turbine to push the turbine to do work, and the turbine drives the motor to generate electricity; finally, the S-CO 2 working fluid enters the cooler and returns to its initial state. And then into the compressor, it forms a closed cycle.
  • Carbon dioxide has a very unique physical property: when the temperature reaches 30.98°C and the pressure reaches 7.38MPa (the critical point of CO 2 ), its physical state is between liquid and gas, the density is close to that of liquid, and the viscosity is close to that of gas. The diffusion coefficient is about 100 times that of liquids. This state is called the "supercritical" state. Carbon dioxide in a supercritical state is denser than gas, less viscous than liquid, and has the characteristics of strong fluidity, high heat transfer efficiency, and low compressibility. Compared with the critical value of water at 373.95°C/22.04MPa, lower energy consumption can make CO2 reach the critical state. Using it as a circulating working medium can effectively improve the power generation efficiency of the unit. Therefore, the supercritical carbon dioxide cycle power generation technology has Bright development prospects.
  • the CO 2 is preheated by them before entering the boiler, and the temperature is as high as 500°C.
  • the inlet temperature of the carbon dioxide boiler is nearly 200°C higher.
  • the low-temperature flue gas in the tail flue cannot be absorbed, and the heat contained can only be discharged into the atmosphere. This will inevitably bring about huge loss of smoke exhaust and seriously reduce the thermal efficiency of the boiler.
  • the object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the above-mentioned prior art, and to provide a high-efficiency supercritical carbon dioxide boiler with dual working fluids, which can overcome the determination of the high temperature of the supercritical CO2 working fluid and the difficulty in absorbing heat from the low-temperature flue gas at the tail. .
  • the high-efficiency supercritical carbon dioxide boiler with dual working medium includes a furnace, a horizontal flue and a vertical flue at the tail;
  • the flue gas outlet of the furnace is communicated with the horizontal flue and the vertical flue at the tail.
  • An air-cooling wall is arranged in the furnace.
  • the horizontal flue is provided with screen CO 2 superheater, high temperature CO 2 superheater and High temperature CO 2 reheater, low temperature CO 2 reheater, low temperature CO 2 superheater, superheater, water cooling wall and economizer are arranged in sequence from top to bottom in the vertical flue at the tail.
  • the working medium circulating in the superheater, screen CO 2 superheater, high temperature CO 2 superheater, low temperature CO 2 reheater and high temperature CO 2 reheater is carbon dioxide, and the working medium circulating in the economizer and the water cooling wall is Water, the working medium circulating in the superheater is water vapor.
  • the external compressor outlet passes through the air-cooled wall, low temperature CO 2 superheater, screen CO 2 superheater, high temperature CO 2 superheater, external high pressure turbine, low temperature CO 2 reheater, high temperature CO 2 reheater and The external low pressure turbine is communicated with the external compressor inlet.
  • the outlet of the external feed pump is communicated with the inlet of the external steam drum through the economizer and the water cooling wall, and the steam outlet of the external steam drum is communicated with the inlet of the external back pressure machine through the heater.
  • It also includes an air-cooled wall inlet header, wherein the external compressor outlet is communicated with the air-cooled wall through the air-cooled wall inlet header.
  • It also includes an air-cooled wall outlet header, and the air-cooled wall is communicated with the low-temperature CO 2 superheater through the air-cooled wall outlet header.
  • It also includes an economizer inlet header, wherein the outlet of the external feed pump is communicated with the economizer through the economizer inlet header.
  • the water outlet of the external steam drum is connected with a boiler drain pipe.
  • the outlet of the vertical flue at the rear is connected with a chimney.
  • the exhaust port of the external back pressure machine is connected with an industrial steam supply pipeline.
  • the water wall adopts a spiral structure.
  • the high-efficiency supercritical carbon dioxide boiler with dual working fluids of the present invention uses two working fluids, water vapor and carbon dioxide, during specific operation, namely, air-cooled wall, low-temperature CO 2 superheater, screen CO 2 superheater, high temperature
  • the working medium circulating in the CO 2 superheater, low temperature CO 2 reheater and high temperature CO 2 reheater is carbon dioxide;
  • the working medium circulating in the economizer and the water wall is water, and the working medium circulating in the superheater is water vapor , that is to use CO 2 to absorb the heat of high and medium temperature flue gas, and use water vapor to absorb the heat of low temperature flue gas in the tail flue, completely solve the problem of high inlet working fluid temperature of supercritical carbon dioxide boiler and difficult absorption of heat from low temperature flue gas in the tail, and significantly improve the The efficiency of the S- CO2 boiler will ultimately effectively improve the power generation efficiency of the unit.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present invention.
  • 1 is the inlet header of the air-cooled wall
  • 2 is the air-cooled wall
  • 3 is the outlet header of the air-cooled wall
  • 4 is the low temperature CO2 superheater
  • 5 is the screen type CO2 superheater
  • 6 is the high temperature CO2 superheater
  • 7 is high pressure turbine
  • 8 is low temperature CO 2 reheater
  • 9 is high temperature CO 2 reheater
  • 10 is low pressure turbine
  • 11 is economizer inlet header
  • 12 is economizer
  • 13 is water wall
  • 14 is a steam drum
  • 15 is a superheater
  • 16 is a back pressure machine.
  • the high-efficiency supercritical carbon dioxide boiler with dual working fluids includes a furnace, a horizontal flue and a vertical flue at the tail; the flue gas outlet of the furnace is communicated with the horizontal flue and the vertical flue at the tail, There is an air-cooling wall 2 in the furnace, and a screen-type CO2 superheater 5, a high-temperature CO2 superheater 6 and a high-temperature CO2 reheater 9 are arranged in the horizontal flue along the flue gas flow direction in sequence.
  • the low temperature CO2 reheater 8, the low temperature CO2 superheater 4, the superheater 15, the water cooling wall 13 and the economizer 12 are arranged in sequence from the bottom to the bottom, among which, the air cooling wall 2, the low temperature CO2 superheater 4, the screen CO2 2.
  • the working medium circulating in the superheater 5, the high temperature CO 2 superheater 6, the low temperature CO 2 reheater 8 and the high temperature CO 2 reheater 9 is carbon dioxide
  • the working medium circulating in the economizer 12 and the water wall 13 is water
  • the working medium circulating in the superheater 15 is water vapor.
  • the external compressor outlet passes through the air cooling wall 2, the low temperature CO2 superheater 4, the screen type CO2 superheater 5, the high temperature CO2 superheater 6, the external high pressure turbine 7, the low temperature CO2 reheater 8, and the high temperature CO2 superheater.
  • the CO 2 reheater 9 and the external low pressure turbine 10 communicate with the external compressor inlet.
  • the outlet of the external feed pump communicates with the inlet of the external steam drum 14 through the economizer 12 and the water cooling wall 13 , and the steam outlet of the external steam drum 14 communicates with the inlet of the external back pressure 16 through the heater 15 .
  • the present invention also includes the air-cooled wall inlet header 1 , wherein the external compressor outlet is communicated with the air-cooled wall 2 through the air-cooled wall inlet header 1 .
  • the present invention also includes the air-cooled wall outlet header 3, and the air-cooled wall 2 is communicated with the low-temperature CO 2 superheater 4 through the air-cooled wall outlet header 3.
  • the present invention also includes an economizer inlet header 11 , wherein the outlet of the external feed pump is communicated with the economizer 12 through the economizer inlet header 11 .
  • the water outlet of the external steam drum 14 is connected with a boiler drain pipe; the outlet of the vertical flue at the rear is connected with a chimney; the exhaust port of the external back pressure machine 16 is connected with an industrial steam supply pipe; the water wall 13 adopts a spiral structure.
  • the concrete working process of the present invention is:
  • the 2 sets of heating surfaces of the present invention share a furnace and flue, the fuel burns and releases heat in the furnace, and the CO2 gas output by the compressor enters the air-cooled wall 2 through the air-cooled wall inlet header 1, and absorbs the furnace by radiation.
  • the high temperature (>1000°C) flue gas heat in the central area of the flame will continue to absorb heat through the low temperature CO2 superheater 4, the screen CO2 superheater 5 and the high temperature CO2 superheater 6, and finally reach the rated parameters, and then send it into
  • the expansion in the high pressure turbine 7 does work to drive the impeller to rotate and drive the generator to generate electricity.
  • the exhaust gas discharged from the high pressure turbine 7 absorbs heat through the low temperature CO 2 reheater 8 and the high temperature CO 2 reheater 9 in turn, and then sends it into The expansion in the low-pressure turbine 10 does work to drive the impeller to rotate, which in turn drives the generator to generate electricity.
  • the exhaust gas discharged from the low-pressure turbine 10 enters the compressor and is ready for the next cycle.
  • the flue gas discharged from the furnace is successively cooled to 600 °C through screen CO2 superheater 5, high temperature CO2 superheater 6, high temperature CO2 reheater 9, low temperature CO2 reheater 8 and low temperature CO2 superheater 4. After that, it enters the vertical flue at the tail, and then in the vertical flue at the tail, it is discharged through the superheater 15 for heat exchange and cooling, the water wall 13 for heat exchange and the economizer 12 for heat exchange and cooling to about 350 °C.
  • the boiler feed water output by the feed pump enters the economizer 12 through the economizer inlet header 11 for heat exchange and preheating, and then enters the water cooling wall 13 for heat absorption.
  • the water-cooled wall 13 adopts a spiral structure, and the hot water output by the water-cooled wall 13 enters the steam drum 14 for steam-water separation, wherein the separated wet steam enters the superheater 15 and continues to be heated into superheated steam, and then sent to the back pressure machine 16
  • the exhaust steam discharged from the back pressure machine 16 is input into the industrial steam supply system to provide high temperature steam for production for heat users, and the water separated from the steam drum 14 is output as boiler drainage.

Abstract

一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,包括炉膛、水平烟道及尾部竖直烟道,炉膛的烟气出口与水平烟道与尾部竖直烟道相连通,炉膛内设置有气冷壁(2),水平烟道内沿烟气流动方向依次设置有屏式CO2过热器(5)、高温CO2过热器(6)及高温CO2再热器(9),尾部竖直烟道内自上到下依次设置有低温CO2再热器(8)、低温CO2过热器(4)、过热器(15)、水冷壁(13)及省煤器(12),其中,气冷壁(2)、低温CO2过热器(4)、屏式CO2过热器(5)、高温CO2过热器(6)、低温CO2再热器(8)及高温CO2再热器(9)内流通的工质为二氧化碳,省煤器(12)及水冷壁(13)内流通的工质为水,过热器(15)内流通的工质为水蒸气。

Description

一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉 技术领域
本发明属于火电厂锅炉技术领域,涉及一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉。
背景技术
现代燃煤电厂的发电工艺都是基于蒸汽朗肯循环。朗肯循环是最简单的蒸汽动力循环,由水泵、锅炉、汽轮机和冷凝器四个主要装置组成。水在水泵中被压缩升压;然后进入锅炉被加热汽化,直至成为过热蒸汽后,进入汽轮机中膨胀作功(带动发电机发电),作功后的低压蒸汽进入冷凝器,被冷却凝结成水。再回到水泵中,从而完成一个做功循环。
超临界二氧化碳(S-CO 2)发电系统是一种以超临界状态的CO 2为工质的布雷顿循环系统,其循环过程是:首先,S-CO 2经过压缩机升压;然后,利用外源加热器将S-CO 2工质等压加热;其次,工质进入涡轮机,推动涡轮做功,涡轮带动电机发电;最后,S-CO 2工质进入冷却器,恢复到初始状态。再进入压缩机,就形成一个闭式循环。
二氧化碳有一个很独特的物理性质:当温度达到30.98℃,压力达到7.38MPa时(即CO 2的临界点),其物理状态介于液体和气体之间,密度接近于液体,粘度接近于气体,扩散系数约为液体的100倍。这种状态,称为“超临界”状态。处于超临界状态下的二氧化碳,密度比气体大,粘性比液体小,具有流动性强、传热效率高、可压缩性小等特点。相比于水373.95℃/22.04MPa的临界值,较低的能耗就能使CO 2达到临界态,利 用它作为循环工质,能够有效提高机组的发电效率,因而超临界二氧化碳循环发电技术有着光明的发展前景。
然后,在设计与模拟计算中,发现超临界二氧化碳锅炉存在以下问题:
由于现有的超临界CO 2循环发电系统中设计有高/低温回热器,CO 2进入锅炉前受到它们的预热,温度高达500℃。相比于水蒸气锅炉平均300℃的给水温度,二氧化碳锅炉入口工质温度高了近200℃。较高温度的CO 2进入锅炉后,只能吸收比它温度更高的烟气的热量,而对于温度低于500℃的烟气,其对高温CO 2将失去加热作用。尾部烟道低温烟气无法被吸收,蕴含的热量只能排放大气。这必然会带来巨大的排烟损失,严重降低锅炉的热效率。
如何克服超临界CO 2工质温度高,尾部低温烟气热量吸收的困难,是设计具有实用前景的超临界二氧化碳锅炉不得不考虑的问题。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于克服上述现有技术的缺点,提供了一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,该锅炉能够克服超临界CO 2工质温度高、尾部低温烟气热量吸收困难的确定。
为达到上述目的,本发明所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉包括炉膛、水平烟道及尾部竖直烟道;
炉膛的烟气出口与水平烟道与尾部竖直烟道相连通,炉膛内设置有气冷壁,水平烟道内沿烟气流动方向依次设置有屏式CO 2过热器、高温CO 2过热器及高温CO 2再热器,尾部竖直烟道内自上到下依次设置有低 温CO 2再热器、低温CO 2过热器、过热器、水冷壁及省煤器,其中,气冷壁、低温CO 2过热器、屏式CO 2过热器、高温CO 2过热器、低温CO 2再热器及高温CO 2再热器内流通的工质为二氧化碳,省煤器及水冷壁内流通的工质为水,过热器内流通的工质为水蒸气。
外界的压缩机出口依次经气冷壁、低温CO 2过热器、屏式CO 2过热器、高温CO 2过热器、外界的高压透平、低温CO 2再热器、高温CO 2再热器及外界的低压透平与外界的压缩机入口相连通。
外界给水泵的出口经省煤器及水冷壁与外界汽包的入口相连通,外界汽包的蒸汽出口经过热器与外界背压机的入口相连通。
还包括气冷壁入口集箱,其中,外界的压缩机出口经气冷壁入口集箱与气冷壁相连通。
还包括气冷壁出口集箱,气冷壁经气冷壁出口集箱与低温CO 2过热器相连通。
还包括省煤器入口集箱,其中,外界给水泵的出口经省煤器入口集箱与省煤器相连通。
外界汽包的出水口连接有锅炉疏水管道。
尾部竖直烟道的出口连接有烟囱。
外界背压机的排汽口连通有工业供汽管道。
水冷壁采用螺旋式结构。
本发明具有以下有益效果:
本发明所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉在具体操作时,采用水蒸气及二氧化碳这两种工质,即气冷壁、低温CO 2过热器、 屏式CO 2过热器、高温CO 2过热器、低温CO 2再热器及高温CO 2再热器内流通的工质为二氧化碳;省煤器及水冷壁内流通的工质为水,过热器内流通的工质为水蒸气,即利用CO 2吸收高中温烟气的热量,利用水蒸气吸收尾部烟道低温烟气的热量,彻底解决超临界二氧化碳锅炉入口工质温度高、尾部低温烟气热量难吸收的问题,显著提高S-CO 2锅炉的效率,最终有效提高机组的发电效率。
附图说明
图1为本发明的原理图。
其中,1为气冷壁入口集箱、2为气冷壁、3为气冷壁出口集箱、4为低温CO 2过热器、5为屏式CO 2过热器、6为高温CO 2过热器、7为高压透平、8为低温CO 2再热器、9为高温CO 2再热器、10为低压透平、11为省煤器入口集箱、12为省煤器、13为水冷壁、14为汽包、15为过热器、16为背压机。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图对本发明做进一步详细描述:
参考图1,本发明所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉包括炉膛、水平烟道及尾部竖直烟道;炉膛的烟气出口与水平烟道与尾部竖直烟道相连通,炉膛内设置有气冷壁2,水平烟道内沿烟气流动方向依次设置有屏式CO 2过热器5、高温CO 2过热器6及高温CO 2再热器9,尾部竖直烟道内自上到下依次设置有低温CO 2再热器8、低温CO 2过热器4、过热器15、水冷壁13及省煤器12,其中,气冷壁2、低温CO 2过热器4、屏式CO 2过热器5、高温CO 2过热器6、低温CO 2再热器8 及高温CO 2再热器9内流通的工质为二氧化碳,省煤器12及水冷壁13内流通的工质为水,过热器15内流通的工质为水蒸气。
外界的压缩机出口依次经气冷壁2、低温CO 2过热器4、屏式CO 2过热器5、高温CO 2过热器6、外界的高压透平7、低温CO 2再热器8、高温CO 2再热器9及外界的低压透平10与外界的压缩机入口相连通。
外界给水泵的出口经省煤器12及水冷壁13与外界汽包14的入口相连通,外界汽包14的蒸汽出口经过热器15与外界背压机16的入口相连通。
本发明还包括气冷壁入口集箱1,其中,外界的压缩机出口经气冷壁入口集箱1与气冷壁2相连通。
本发明还包括气冷壁出口集箱3,气冷壁2经气冷壁出口集箱3与低温CO 2过热器4相连通。
本发明还包括省煤器入口集箱11,其中,外界给水泵的出口经省煤器入口集箱11与省煤器12相连通。
外界汽包14的出水口连接有锅炉疏水管道;尾部竖直烟道的出口连接有烟囱;外界背压机16的排汽口连通有工业供汽管道;水冷壁13采用螺旋式结构。
本发明的具体工作过程为:
本发明的2套受热面共享1个炉膛及烟道,燃料在炉膛中燃烧放热,压缩机输出的CO 2气体经气冷壁入口集箱1进入气冷壁2中,以辐射方式吸收炉膛火焰中心区域的高温(>1000℃)烟气热量,然后依次经低温CO 2过热器4、屏式CO 2过热器5及高温CO 2过热器6继续吸热,最 终达到额定参数,然后送入高压透平7中膨胀做功,以带动叶轮旋转,并驱动发电机发电,高压透平7排出的乏气依次经低温CO 2再热器8及高温CO 2再热器9吸收热量,然后送入低压透平10中膨胀做功,以带动叶轮旋转,继而驱动发电机发电,低压透平10排出的乏气进入到压缩机中,准备进行下一次循环。
炉膛排出的烟气依次经屏式CO 2过热器5、高温CO 2过热器6、高温CO 2再热器9、低温CO 2再热器8及低温CO 2过热器4换热降温至600℃以下后进入到尾部竖直烟道内,再在尾部竖直烟道内,通过过热器15换热降温、水冷壁13换热降温及省煤器12换热降温至350℃左右后排出。
给水泵输出的锅炉给水经省煤器入口集箱11进入到省煤器12中进行换热预热,再进入到水冷壁13中进行吸收热量,其中,考虑到水动力工况的稳定性,水冷壁13采用螺旋式结构,水冷壁13输出的热水进入到汽包14中进行汽水分离,其中,分离出来的湿蒸气进入过热器15中继续加热成过热蒸汽,然后送入背压机16中做功,背压机16排出的尾汽输入至工业供汽系统中,为热用户提供生产用高温蒸汽,汽包14分离出来的水作为锅炉疏水输出。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,包括炉膛、水平烟道及尾部竖直烟道;
    炉膛的烟气出口与水平烟道与尾部竖直烟道相连通,炉膛内设置有气冷壁(2),水平烟道内沿烟气流动方向依次设置有屏式CO 2过热器(5)、高温CO 2过热器(6)及高温CO 2再热器(9),尾部竖直烟道内自上到下依次设置有低温CO 2再热器(8)、低温CO 2过热器(4)、过热器(15)、水冷壁(13)及省煤器(12),其中,气冷壁(2)、低温CO 2过热器(4)、屏式CO 2过热器(5)、高温CO 2过热器(6)、低温CO 2再热器(8)及高温CO 2再热器(9)内流通的工质为二氧化碳,省煤器(12)及水冷壁(13)内流通的工质为水,过热器(15)内流通的工质为水蒸气。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,外界的压缩机出口依次经气冷壁(2)、低温CO 2过热器(4)、屏式CO 2过热器(5)、高温CO 2过热器(6)、外界的高压透平(7)、低温CO 2再热器(8)、高温CO 2再热器(9)及外界的低压透平(10)与外界的压缩机入口相连通。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,外界给水泵的出口经省煤器(12)及水冷壁(13)与外界汽包(14)的入口相连通,外界汽包(14)的蒸汽出口经过热器(15)与外界背压机(16)的入口相连通。
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,还包括气冷壁入口集箱(1),其中,外界的压缩机出口经气冷壁入口集箱(1)与气冷壁(2)相连通。
  5. 根据权利要求2所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉, 其特征在于,还包括气冷壁出口集箱(3),气冷壁(2)经气冷壁出口集箱(3)与低温CO 2过热器(4)相连通。
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,还包括省煤器入口集箱(11),其中,外界给水泵的出口经省煤器入口集箱(11)与省煤器(12)相连通。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,外界汽包(14)的出水口连接有锅炉疏水管道。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,尾部竖直烟道的出口连接有烟囱。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,外界背压机(16)的排汽口连通有工业供汽管道。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉,其特征在于,水冷壁(13)采用螺旋式结构。
PCT/CN2021/115574 2021-01-21 2021-08-31 一种具有双工质的高效超临界二氧化碳锅炉 WO2022156218A1 (zh)

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