WO2020237742A1 - 基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构 - Google Patents

基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020237742A1
WO2020237742A1 PCT/CN2019/091332 CN2019091332W WO2020237742A1 WO 2020237742 A1 WO2020237742 A1 WO 2020237742A1 CN 2019091332 W CN2019091332 W CN 2019091332W WO 2020237742 A1 WO2020237742 A1 WO 2020237742A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
room
air
fresh air
data center
valve
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PCT/CN2019/091332
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
丁志永
徐志炜
顾遵正
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苏州安瑞可信息科技有限公司
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Publication of WO2020237742A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020237742A1/zh

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • F24F5/0035Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning using evaporation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F6/00Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification
    • F24F6/02Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification by evaporation of water in the air
    • F24F6/04Air-humidification, e.g. cooling by humidification by evaporation of water in the air using stationary unheated wet elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/007Ventilation with forced flow
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/14Mounting supporting structure in casing or on frame or rack
    • H05K7/1485Servers; Data center rooms, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/1497Rooms for data centers; Shipping containers therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20718Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant
    • H05K7/20745Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant within rooms for removing heat from cabinets, e.g. by air conditioning device
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/208Liquid cooling with phase change
    • H05K7/20827Liquid cooling with phase change within rooms for removing heat from cabinets, e.g. air conditioning devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20836Thermal management, e.g. server temperature control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/54Free-cooling systems

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of data centers, in particular to a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative refrigeration and a combined structure thereof.
  • the main technical problem solved by the present invention is to provide a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative refrigeration and its combined structure, reduce energy consumption, reduce floor space, and improve the convenience of transportation, handling and capacity expansion.
  • a technical solution adopted by the present invention is to provide a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling, including: a controller, a first machine room and a second machine room, the first machine room being superimposed Above or below the second computer room, the first computer room includes a hot aisle room, a cabinet installation room, and a cold aisle room.
  • the hot aisle room, the cabinet installation room and the cold aisle room are arranged in sequence and connected to each other.
  • One end of the second machine room is provided with a fresh air valve communicating with the outside
  • the second machine room is provided with a fan array assembly
  • the air outlet of the fan array assembly is directly or indirectly connected with the cold aisle room
  • the second machine room is provided with The humidifier between the fresh air valve and the fan array assembly
  • the second machine room is provided with an air mixing valve directly or indirectly connected to the hot aisle room
  • the hot aisle room or the second machine room is provided with an air outlet valve for hot air
  • the controller is arranged outside the first machine room or the second machine room and is respectively connected with the fresh air valve, the air mixing valve and the air outlet valve for opening and closing control.
  • the second machine room when the first machine room is superimposed on the second machine room, the second machine room includes a first air mixing room, a filter room, and a fan room, and the first air mixing room
  • the filter room and the fan room are connected in sequence and connected to each other.
  • the fresh air valve is located at the front end of the first air mixing room, and the air mixing valve is arranged on the upper part of the first air mixing room and communicates with the bottom of the hot aisle room.
  • the array components are arranged in the fan room, the top of the end of the fan room is connected to the bottom of the cold aisle room, the filter room is provided with a medium-efficiency filter, and the humidifier is arranged in the filter room or the fan room and is located in the medium-efficiency Between the filter and the fan array assembly, the air outlet valve is arranged on the top of the hot aisle room and communicates with the outside, and the first air mixing room is provided with a primary effect filter located at the air outlet of the fresh air valve.
  • the second machine room when the first machine room is superimposed and arranged below the second machine room, the second machine room includes a second mixed air room, a fan installation box and a shunt machine room, and the shunt machine room is arranged at At the end of the second air mixing room, the bottom of the shunting room is connected to the hot aisle room, the air outlet valve is arranged on the upper part of the shunting room, and the air mixing valve is arranged at the junction of the shunting room and the second air mixing room,
  • the fan installation box is arranged in the second air mixing room, the fan array assembly is arranged in the fan installation box, the air outlet of the fan installation box is connected to the cold aisle room, and the fresh air valve is located in the second air mixing room.
  • the air inlet of the fresh air valve is provided with a primary effect filter
  • the humidifier is arranged in the second air mixing room and is located at the air outlet of the fresh air valve
  • the second air mixing room is provided with a humidifier The medium-efficiency filter behind the filter.
  • the cabinet installation room is provided with a cabinet and a PDU located on one side of the cabinet.
  • the rear end of the humidifier is provided with a row or rows of water baffles
  • a water receiving pan is provided under the humidifier and the water baffle
  • the water baffle is V-shaped or W-shaped bent plates, V-shaped or W-shaped air flow channels are formed between adjacent water baffles.
  • the humidifier is a wet film humidifier
  • the controller is a PLC controller with a touch screen.
  • a movable door panel is respectively provided on one side of the first machine room and the second machine room, and a door lock is provided on the movable door panel.
  • the second machine room is provided with a primary filter pressure difference switch for detecting air pressure on both sides of the primary filter and a medium efficiency filter for detecting air pressure on both sides of the intermediate filter.
  • the filter differential pressure switch, the primary filter differential pressure switch and the intermediate filter differential pressure switch are respectively connected to the controller for signal transmission
  • the cold aisle room is provided with an air supply temperature and humidity sensor
  • the heat A return air temperature and humidity sensor is arranged in the channel room or the shunt room, and the supply air temperature and humidity sensor and the return air temperature and humidity sensor are respectively connected to the controller for signal transmission.
  • another technical solution adopted by the present invention is to provide a compact superimposed data center composite structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling, including raised floors, hot air exhaust ducts, and several new air and evaporative cooling-based
  • the compact superimposed data center in which the first computer room is superimposed on the second computer room, the second computer room is located in the raised floor, the first computer room is located above the raised floor, and every two is compact based on fresh air and evaporative cooling
  • the cold aisle room of the integrated data center is docked, and the hot air exhaust pipe is located above the first computer room and is respectively connected with the air outlet valve.
  • another technical solution adopted by the present invention is to provide a compact superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling, including several compact superimposed data centers based on fresh air and evaporative cooling, among which, The first computer room is superimposed and arranged below the second computer room, and every two hot aisle rooms of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling are connected to each other, and the shunt computer room is shared.
  • the beneficial effects of the present invention are: a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling and its combined structure pointed out by the present invention, abandon the existing air conditioning system, make full use of the control of fresh air and hot air, and realize the first computer room Heat dissipation of the server, flexible switching of multiple airflow modes, low energy consumption, and through the cooperation of the humidifier and airflow, the temperature and humidity in the cabinet installation room are controlled to ensure the stability of the server.
  • the airflow passes through the wet film humidifier, evaporation is realized
  • For refrigeration and humidification use fresh air and a wet film humidifier to achieve internal cooling and humidification.
  • the first machine room and the second machine room adopt a split and superimposed structure, which is convenient for transportation and handling, convenient for assembly, compact structure, and reduced floor space. Moreover, the number of cabinet installation rooms and filter rooms can be increased or decreased, which is beneficial to the expansion of the server.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a split structure diagram of the first computer room and the second computer room in Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a perspective view of Figure 1, in order to show the internal structure, the outer part of the baffle is removed;
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center fresh air unidirectional operation based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center air flow internal circulation operation based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention for fresh air and partial hot air mixing cycles;
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative refrigeration according to the present invention (fresh air and part of the hot air mixed cycle work);
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram (internal circulation) of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention (fresh air works in one direction);
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention (fresh air works in one direction);
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention (fresh air and part of the hot air mixed cycle work);
  • FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram (internal circulation) of a preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention
  • Figure 13 is a schematic structural diagram of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combined structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention (fresh air and part of the hot air mixed cycle work);
  • FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling according to the present invention (fresh air works in one direction);
  • 15 is a schematic structural diagram (internal circulation) of another preferred embodiment of a compact superimposed data center combined structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling of the present invention.
  • the embodiments of the present invention include:
  • the compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative refrigeration as shown in Figure 1 includes: a controller 23, a first machine room and a second machine room.
  • the first machine room is superimposed on the second machine room.
  • the superimposed structure has It is conducive to reducing the footprint and suitable for indoor use.
  • the first computer room includes a hot aisle room 1, a cabinet installation room 2 and a cold aisle room 3.
  • the hot aisle room 1, the cabinet installation room 2 and the cold aisle room 3 are arranged in sequence and connected to each other. Sealing rings are used at the connection to avoid air leakage.
  • the second machine room includes a first air mixing room 4, a filter room 5, and a fan room 6.
  • the first air mixing room 4, filter room 5, and fan room 6 are arranged in sequence and connected to each other, and bolts and positioning parts may be used. Make connections to ensure installation accuracy and easy disassembly.
  • the cabinet installation room 2 is provided with a cabinet 9 and a PDU 8 located on one side of the cabinet 9 to facilitate the installation and power supply of the server.
  • the capacity of the server can be changed by adding or reducing the cabinet installation room 2 to facilitate expansion.
  • a movable door panel 12 is provided on one side of the first machine room and the second machine room respectively to facilitate maintenance.
  • the movable door panel 12 is provided with a door lock 14 for high security.
  • the front end of the first air mixing room 4 is provided with a fresh air valve 16 communicating with the outside, the upper part of the first air mixing room 4 is provided with a air mixing valve 17 communicating with the bottom of the hot aisle room 1, and the top of the hot aisle room 1 is provided Outlet valve 7 communicating with the outside.
  • the controller 23 is arranged on the outside of the first machine room or the second machine room and is respectively connected with the fresh air valve 16, the air mixing valve 17 and the air outlet valve 7 for opening and closing control, so as to realize the operation of multiple airflow modes.
  • the top of the end of the room 6 is connected to the bottom of the cold aisle room 3, as shown in Figures 4 to 6, the fresh air is fully utilized to cool the cabinet installation room 2 to reduce energy consumption.
  • the controller 23 is a PLC controller with its own touch screen, which can set the working mode and realize manual and automatic operation according to temperature and humidity detection.
  • the first air mixing room 4 is provided with a primary effect filter 13 located at the outlet of the fresh air valve 16 to filter the incoming fresh air, and the filter room 5 is provided with a medium efficiency filter 19 to further filter the air flow , To reduce the particulate matter entering the cabinet installation room 2.
  • the fan room 6 is provided with a fan array assembly 22, and multiple fans work synchronously to ensure the uniformity of air flow, reduce the load of a single fan, and use the cold aisle room 3 to buffer the cold air, so that the transmission to the cabinet installation room 2 The wind is more even.
  • the filter room 5 or the fan room 6 is provided with a humidifier 20 located between the medium-efficiency filter 19 and the fan array assembly 22.
  • the humidifier 20 is a wet film humidifier and requires a water distributor with an external water supply pipeline.
  • a solenoid valve is provided on the water distributor to facilitate the automatic humidification control of the controller 23.
  • a row or rows of water baffles 21 are provided behind the humidifier 20.
  • a water receiving pan is provided under the humidifier 20 and the water baffle 21, and one side of the water receiving pan is provided with an extension to The external drain pipe facilitates drainage.
  • the water baffle 21 is a V-shaped or W-shaped bent plate, and a V-shaped or W-shaped air flow channel is formed between adjacent water baffles. When the water mist passes through the V-shaped or W-shaped air flow channel, it collides with the surface of the water baffle 21 , And flow down into the drain pan.
  • the first air mixing room 4 is provided with a primary filter pressure difference switch 15 for detecting air pressure on both sides of the primary filter 13, and the filter room 5 or the first air mixing room 4 is provided with a centering effect
  • the differential pressure switch 18 of the medium-efficiency filter for detecting air pressure on both sides of the filter 19, the differential pressure switch 15 of the primary filter and the differential pressure switch 18 of the medium-efficiency filter are respectively connected to the controller 23 for pressure signal transmission.
  • the cold aisle room 3 is provided with a supply air temperature and humidity sensor 10, and the hot aisle room 1 is provided with a return air temperature and humidity sensor 11, the supply air temperature and humidity sensor 10 and the return air temperature and humidity sensor 11 are respectively connected to the control
  • the controller 23 is connected to perform temperature and humidity signal transmission, and the controller 23 controls each valve, humidifier and fan array components according to the temperature, humidity and pressure of each point to realize automatic adjustment of internal temperature and humidity.
  • a compact overlay data center based on fresh air and evaporative cooling includes: a controller 23, a first computer room and a second computer room.
  • the first computer room is superimposed and arranged below the second computer room, suitable for outdoor use
  • the second machine room includes a second air-mixing room 24, a fan installation box 25 and a shunt machine room 26, with a split structure, flexible disassembly and assembly, and convenient transportation.
  • the diverting machine room 26 is arranged at the end of the second air mixing room 24, the bottom of the diverting machine room 26 is connected with the hot aisle room, and the hot air is guided like a chimney.
  • the air outlet valve 7 is arranged on the upper part of the diverting machine room 26, Perform hot air discharge control.
  • the air mixing valve 17 is arranged at the junction of the branching machine room 26 and the second air mixing room 24. After the air mixing valve 17 is opened, part of the hot air can enter the second air mixing room 24.
  • the fan installation box 25 is arranged in the second air mixing room 24, the fan array assembly is arranged in the fan installation box 25, the air outlet of the fan installation box is communicated with the cold aisle room 3, and the fan array assembly is sucked away The fresh air or mixed air from the second mixed air room 24 is sent to the cold aisle room 3.
  • the fresh air valve 16 is located at the front end of the second air mixing room 24, and the air inlet of the fresh air valve 16 is provided with a primary filter 13 so that the external fresh air enters the fresh air valve 16 after being filtered, and the humidifier 20 is arranged in the first In the second air mixing room 24 and located at the outlet of the fresh air valve 16, fresh air is humidified if necessary.
  • the second air mixing room 24 is provided with an intermediate efficiency filter 19 located behind the humidifier 20 to achieve intermediate airflow efficiency. filter.
  • the control principle is the same as that of Embodiment 1, and will not be repeated here.
  • a compact and superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling includes a raised floor 28, hot air exhaust ducts 27 and several Figure 1 compact superimposed data based on fresh air and evaporative cooling
  • the second machine room is located in the raised floor 28, and the frame structure in the raised floor 28 is used to form a fresh air channel to reduce the height of the device.
  • the first machine room is located above the raised floor 28, and every two is compact based on fresh air and evaporative cooling
  • the cold aisle room of the integrated data center is connected, and the cold aisle room can share part of the panels, reducing costs, and isolating the hot and cold aisles with good sound insulation.
  • the hot air exhaust pipe 27 is located above the first machine room and is respectively connected with the air outlet valve 7 to realize the centralized exhaust of hot air, suitable for indoor use, and makes full use of the structure of the raised floor machine room to facilitate the transformation of the traditional machine room There are channels between each other to facilitate walking and maintenance.
  • the raised floor 28 and the hot air exhaust pipe 27 make the fresh air and hot air in the machine room to be closed and transmitted, reducing noise, and using the raised floor to connect to the outside world for air supply management, reducing The cost is reduced and the mute effect is good.
  • a compact and superimposed data center combination structure based on fresh air and evaporative cooling includes several compact superimposed data centers based on fresh air and evaporative cooling as shown in Figure 7, each of which is based on fresh air and evaporative cooling.
  • the compactness of refrigeration superimposes the docking of the hot aisle room of the data center.
  • the hot aisle room can share part of the board, reducing the cost of the board of the hot aisle room, and sharing the shunt computer room, further reducing costs and ground, suitable for outdoor use.
  • the present invention points out a compact superimposed data center based on fresh air and evaporative refrigeration and its combined structure.
  • the superimposed design has a more compact structure, a small footprint, and can be transported and assembled separately, reducing For the requirements of transportation and use of the site, make full use of natural fresh air to adjust the temperature of the internal space, reduce energy consumption, and effectively maintain a temperature and humidity environment suitable for server work.

Abstract

一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构,包括:控制器(23)、第一机房和第二机房,第一机房包括热通道房(1)、机柜安装房(2)和冷通道房(3),第二机房一端设置有与外部连通的新风阀(16),风机阵列组件(22)的出风口与冷通道房(3)直接或者间接连通,第二机房内设置有位于新风阀(16)与风机阵列组件(22)之间的加湿器(20),第二机房中设置有与热通道房(1)直接或者间接连通的混风阀(17),热通道房(1)或者第二机房上设置有出风阀(7)进行热风的排出控制。通过上述方式,该基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,分体叠加结构,方便运输和组合,充分利用新风和热风的控制,并通过加湿器(20)与气流的配合,进行机柜安装房内温湿度的控制。

Description

基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构 技术领域
本发明涉及数据中心技术领域,特别是涉及一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构。
背景技术
传统数据中心,大多是把服务器放在一个密闭环境,用空调进行制冷,采用换热方式来解决数据中心的散热问题。空调制冷的方案电量消耗大,而且存在施工时间长、运维成本高和故障点多等问题。
实际上,空调制冷会使得机房内部空气较为干燥,难以进行湿度的调节,而数据中心的稳定运行对温度和湿度都有一定的要求,现有的空调系统显然难以满足使用要求。
另外,部分底部送风的数据中心虽然可以减少占地面积,但现有蒸发制冷数据中心的机房多为整体式结构,运输和搬运多有不便,影响了机房的体积。为了方便搬运,数据中心设计较小,导致服务器安装容量小,而且无法扩容,需要改进。
发明内容
本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构,降低能耗,减少占地面积,提升运输、搬运和扩容便利性。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:提供一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,包括:控制器、第一机房和第二机房,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方或者下方,所述第一机房包括热通道房、 机柜安装房和冷通道房,所述热通道房、机柜安装房和冷通道房依次排列连接并相互连通,所述第二机房一端设置有与外部连通的新风阀,所述第二机房内设置有风机阵列组件,所述风机阵列组件的出风口与冷通道房直接或者间接连通,所述第二机房内设置有位于新风阀与风机阵列组件之间的加湿器,所述第二机房中设置有与热通道房直接或者间接连通的混风阀,所述热通道房或者第二机房上设置有出风阀进行热风的排出控制,所述控制器设置在第一机房或者第二机房的外侧且分别与新风阀、混风阀和出风阀相连接进行开闭控制。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方时,所述第二机房包括第一混风房、过滤房和风机房,所述第一混风房、过滤房和风机房依次排列连接并相互连通,所述新风阀位于第一混风房前端,所述混风阀设置在第一混风房上部且有与热通道房底部连通,所述风机阵列组件设置在风机房中,所述风机房末端顶部与冷通道房底部相连通,所述过滤房中设置有中效过滤器,所述加湿器设置在过滤房或者风机房中且位于中效过滤器与风机阵列组件之间,所述出风阀设置在热通道房顶部且有与外部连通,所述第一混风房中设置有位于新风阀出风口的初效过滤器。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的下方时,所述第二机房包括第二混风房、风机安装箱和分流机房,所述分流机房设置在第二混风房的末端,所述分流机房底部与热通道房相连通,所述出风阀设置在分流机房上部,所述混风阀设置在分流机房和第二混风房的连接处,所述风机安装箱设置在第二混风房中,所述风机阵列组件设置在风机安装箱中,所述风机安装箱的出风口与冷通道房相连通,所述新风阀位于第二混风房的前端,所述新风阀的进风口设置有初效过滤器,所述加湿器设置在第二混风房中且位于新风阀的出风口,所述第二混风房中设置有位于加湿器后方的中效过滤器。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述机柜安装房中设置有机柜及位于机柜一侧的PDU。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述加湿器后端设置有一排或数排挡水板,所述加湿器和挡水板的下方设置有接水盘,所述挡水板为V形或者W形弯板,相邻挡水板之间形成V形或者W形气流通道。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述加湿器为湿膜加湿器,所述控制器为自带触摸屏的PLC控制器。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述第一机房和第二机房的一侧分别设置有活动门板,所述活动门板上设置有门锁。
在本发明一个较佳实施例中,所述第二机房中设置有对初效过滤器两侧进行气压检测的初效过滤器压差开关以及对中效过滤器两侧进行气压检测的中效过滤器压差开关,所述初效过滤器压差开关和中效过滤器压差开关分别与控制器相连接进行信号传输,所述冷通道房中设置有送风温湿度传感器,所述热通道房或者分流机房中设置有回风温湿度传感器,所述送风温湿度传感器和回风温湿度传感器分别与控制器相连接进行信号传输。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的另一个技术方案是:提供一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括高架地板、热空气排风管和数个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其中,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方,第二机房位于高架地板内,第一机房位于高架地板上方,且每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的冷通道房对接,所述热空气排风管位于第一机房的上方且分别与出风阀相连通。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的又一个技术方案是:提供一种基于新 风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括数个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其中,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的下方,每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的热通道房对接,且共用分流机房。
本发明的有益效果是:本发明指出的一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构,摒弃了现有的空调系统,充分利用新风和热风的控制,实现第一机房内服务器的散热,多种气流模式切换灵活,能耗低,并通过加湿器与气流的配合,进行机柜安装房内温湿度的控制,确保服务器工作稳定性,气流经过湿膜加湿器时,实现蒸发制冷和加湿,利用新风和湿膜加湿器实现内部的降温和增湿,加湿器关闭后,利用服务器的热空气进行升温和降湿,通过PLC控制器进行自动切换运行,实现无人化管理,第一机房和第二机房采用分体叠加的结构,方便运输和搬运,组装便利,结构紧凑,减少了占地面积,而且机柜安装房和过滤房的数量可以增减,有利于服务器的扩容。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例中的技术方案,下面将对实施例描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其它的附图,其中:
图1是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心一较佳实施例的结构示意图;
图2是图1中第一机房和第二机房的分体结构图;
图3是图1的立体图,为了显示内部结构,去除了外侧部分挡板;
图4是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心新风单向工 作一较佳实施例的结构示意图;
图5是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心气流内循环工作一较佳实施例的结构示意图;
图6是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心新风和部分热风混合循环工作一较佳实施例的结构示意图;
图7是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风和部分热风混合循环工作);
图8是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(内循环);
图9是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风单向工作);
图10是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风单向工作);
图11是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风和部分热风混合循环工作);
图12是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构一较佳实施例的结构示意图(内循环);
图13是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风和部分热风混合循环工作);
图14是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(新风单向工作);
图15是本发明一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构另一较佳实施例的结构示意图(内循环)。
具体实施方式
下面将对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅是本发明的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其它实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
请参阅图1~图9,本发明实施例包括:
实施例1:
如图1所示的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,包括:控制器23、第一机房和第二机房,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方,叠加结构,有利于缩小占地面积,适合室内使用。
如图2所示,所述第一机房包括热通道房1、机柜安装房2和冷通道房3,所述热通道房1、机柜安装房2和冷通道房3依次排列连接并相互连通,连接处采用密封圈避免漏气的问题。所述第二机房包括第一混风房4、过滤房5和风机房6,所述第一混风房4、过滤房5和风机房6依次排列连接并相互连通,可以采用螺栓和定位件进行连接,确保安装精度,而且方便拆卸。
所述机柜安装房2中设置有机柜9及位于机柜9一侧的PDU8,方便服务器的安装和供电,通过机柜安装房2的增加或者减少,可以改变服务器的容量,方便扩容。所述第一机房和第二机房的一侧分别设置有活动门板12,方便进行维护,所述活动门板12上设置有门锁14,安全性高。
所述第一混风房4前端设置有与外部连通的新风阀16,所述第一混风房4上部设置有与热通道房1底部连通的混风阀17,热通道房1顶部设置有与外部连通的出风阀7。所述控制器23设置在第一机房或者第二机房的外侧且分别与新风阀16、混风阀17和出风阀7相连接进行开闭控制,实现多种气流模式的运 行,所述风机房6末端顶部与冷通道房3底部相连通,如附图4~6所示,充分利用新风进行机柜安装房2的冷却,降低能耗。所述控制器23为自带触摸屏的PLC控制器,可以设定工作模式,根据温湿度检测实现手动和自动运行。
所述第一混风房4中设置有位于新风阀16出风口的初效过滤器13,进行外入新风的过滤,所述过滤房5中设置有中效过滤器19,进一步进行气流的过滤,减少进入机柜安装房2中的颗粒物。
所述风机房6中设置有风机阵列组件22,多个风机同步工作,确保气流的均匀性,减少单个风机的负荷,并利用冷通道房3进行冷风的缓冲,使得向机柜安装房2的送风更加均匀。
所述过滤房5或者风机房6中设置有位于中效过滤器19与风机阵列组件22之间的加湿器20,所述加湿器20为湿膜加湿器,需要外接供水管路的布水器进行加湿器20的供水,布水器上设置有电磁阀,方便控制器23的自动化加湿控制。气流经过湿膜加湿器时,实现蒸发制冷,利用新风和湿膜加湿器实现内部的降温和增湿,加湿器关闭后,利用服务器产生的热空气进行升温和降湿,功能的切换通过PLC控制器进行自动运行,实现无人化管理。
为了减少气流中的水雾,在加湿器20后方设置有一排或数排挡水板21,所述加湿器20和挡水板21的下方设置有接水盘,接水盘一侧设置有延伸至外部的排水管,方便进行排水。所述挡水板21为V形或者W形弯板,相邻挡水板之间形成V形或者W形气流通道,水雾经过V形或者W形气流通道时,与挡水板21表面撞击,并向下流入接水盘。
所述第一混风房4中设置有对初效过滤器13两侧进行气压检测的初效过滤器压差开关15,所述过滤房5或者第一混风房4中设置有对中效过滤器19两侧进行气压检测的中效过滤器压差开关18,所述初效过滤器压差开关15和中效过 滤器压差开关18分别与控制器23相连接进行压力信号传输。所述冷通道房3中设置有送风温湿度传感器10,所述热通道房1中设置有回风温湿度传感器11,所述送风温湿度传感器10和回风温湿度传感器11分别与控制器23相连接进行温湿度信号传输,控制器23根据各点温湿度及压力,进行各阀门、加湿器和风机阵列组件的控制,实现内部温湿度自动调节。
实施例2:
如图7~9所示,一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,包括:控制器23、第一机房和第二机房,第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的下方,适合室外使用,所述第二机房包括第二混风房24、风机安装箱25和分流机房26,分体结构,拆装灵活,运输方便。
所述分流机房26设置在第二混风房24的末端,所述分流机房26底部与热通道房相连通,像烟囱一样进行热风的引导,所述出风阀7设置在分流机房26上部,进行热风排放控制。所述混风阀17设置在分流机房26和第二混风房24的连接处,混风阀17开启后可以使得部分热风进入第二混风房24。
所述风机安装箱25设置在第二混风房24中,所述风机阵列组件设置在风机安装箱25中,所述风机安装箱的出风口与冷通道房3相连通,风机阵列组件吸走第二混风房24的新风或者混合风,送入冷通道房3。
所述新风阀16位于第二混风房24的前端,所述新风阀16的进风口设置有初效过滤器13,使得外部的新风过滤后进入新风阀16,所述加湿器20设置在第二混风房24中且位于新风阀16的出风口,必要时进行新风的加湿,所述第二混风房24中设置有位于加湿器20后方的中效过滤器19,实现气流的中效过滤。控制原理与实施例1相同,在此不做赘述。
实施例3:
如图10~12所示,一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括高架地板28、热空气排风管27和数个图1基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其中,第二机房位于高架地板28内,利用高架地板28内的框架结构形成新风通道,降低装置的高度,第一机房位于高架地板28上方,且每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的冷通道房对接,冷通道房可以共用部分板材,减低成本,冷热通道隔离,隔音效果好。
所述热空气排风管27位于第一机房的上方且分别与出风阀7相连通,实现热风的集中外排,适合室内使用,充分利用了高架地板机房的结构,方便进行传统机房的改造,相互之间留有通道,方便行走和维护,高架地板28和热空气排风管27使得机房内的新风和热风进行封闭传输,降低了噪音,利用高架地板连通外界进行送风的管理,降低了成本,静音效果好。
实施例4:
如图13~15所示,一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括数个图7所示基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的热通道房对接,热通道房可以共用部分板材,减少热通道房的板材成本,且共用分流机房,进一步降低成本和地面,适合室外使用。
综上所述,本发明指出的一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构,上下叠加的设计,结构更加紧凑,占地面积小,可以分体进行运输和组装,降低对运输和使用场地的要求,充分利用自然新风进行内部空间的温度调节,降低了能耗,有效维持适宜服务器工作的温湿度环境。
以上所述仅为本发明的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利 用本发明说明书内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其它相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,包括:控制器、第一机房和第二机房,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方或者下方,所述第一机房包括热通道房、机柜安装房和冷通道房,所述热通道房、机柜安装房和冷通道房依次排列连接并相互连通,所述第二机房一端设置有与外部连通的新风阀,所述第二机房内设置有风机阵列组件,所述风机阵列组件的出风口与冷通道房直接或者间接连通,所述第二机房内设置有位于新风阀与风机阵列组件之间的加湿器,所述第二机房中设置有与热通道房直接或者间接连通的混风阀,所述热通道房或者第二机房上设置有出风阀进行热风的排出控制,所述控制器设置在第一机房或者第二机房的外侧且分别与新风阀、混风阀和出风阀相连接进行开闭控制。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的上方时,所述第二机房包括第一混风房、过滤房和风机房,所述第一混风房、过滤房和风机房依次排列连接并相互连通,所述新风阀位于第一混风房前端,所述混风阀设置在第一混风房上部且有与热通道房底部连通,所述风机阵列组件设置在风机房中,所述风机房末端顶部与冷通道房底部相连通,所述过滤房中设置有中效过滤器,所述加湿器设置在过滤房或者风机房中且位于中效过滤器与风机阵列组件之间,所述出风阀设置在热通道房顶部且有与外部连通,所述第一混风房中设置有位于新风阀出风口的初效过滤器。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述第一机房叠加设置在第二机房的下方时,所述第二机房包括第二混风房、风机安装箱和分流机房,所述分流机房设置在第二混风房的末端, 所述分流机房底部与热通道房相连通,所述出风阀设置在分流机房上部,所述混风阀设置在分流机房和第二混风房的连接处,所述风机安装箱设置在第二混风房中,所述风机阵列组件设置在风机安装箱中,所述风机安装箱的出风口与冷通道房相连通,所述新风阀位于第二混风房的前端,所述新风阀的进风口设置有初效过滤器,所述加湿器设置在第二混风房中且位于新风阀的出风口,所述第二混风房中设置有位于加湿器后方的中效过滤器。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述机柜安装房中设置有机柜及位于机柜一侧的PDU。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述加湿器后端设置有一排或数排挡水板,所述加湿器和挡水板的下方设置有接水盘,所述挡水板为V形或者W形弯板,相邻挡水板之间形成V形或者W形气流通道。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述加湿器为湿膜加湿器,所述控制器为自带触摸屏的PLC控制器。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述第一机房和第二机房的一侧分别设置有活动门板,所述活动门板上设置有门锁。
  8. 根据权利要求2或3所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其特征在于,所述第二机房中设置有对初效过滤器两侧进行气压检测的初效过滤器压差开关以及对中效过滤器两侧进行气压检测的中效过滤器压差开关,所述初效过滤器压差开关和中效过滤器压差开关分别与控制器相连接进行信号传输,所述冷通道房中设置有送风温湿度传感器,所述热通道房或者分流机房中设置有回风温湿度传感器,所述送风温湿度传感器和回风温湿度传感器分别与 控制器相连接进行信号传输。
  9. 一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括高架地板、热空气排风管和数个权利要求2所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其中,第二机房位于高架地板内,第一机房位于高架地板上方,且每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的冷通道房对接,所述热空气排风管位于第一机房的上方且分别与出风阀相连通。
  10. 一种基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心组合结构,包括数个权利要求3所述的基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心,其中,每2个基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心的热通道房对接,且共用分流机房。
PCT/CN2019/091332 2019-05-24 2019-06-14 基于新风及蒸发制冷的紧凑化叠加数据中心及其组合结构 WO2020237742A1 (zh)

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