WO2022037167A1 - 一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统 - Google Patents

一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022037167A1
WO2022037167A1 PCT/CN2021/096245 CN2021096245W WO2022037167A1 WO 2022037167 A1 WO2022037167 A1 WO 2022037167A1 CN 2021096245 W CN2021096245 W CN 2021096245W WO 2022037167 A1 WO2022037167 A1 WO 2022037167A1
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Prior art keywords
air
chamber
duct
evaporator
integrated
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PCT/CN2021/096245
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
张�浩
刘畅
王超
郭杰
刘志鸿
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维谛技术有限公司
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Priority to AU2021326799A priority Critical patent/AU2021326799B2/en
Publication of WO2022037167A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022037167A1/zh

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B7/00Heating by electric discharge
    • H05B7/02Details
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating

Definitions

  • the present disclosure relates to the technical field of air conditioners, and in particular, to an integrated air conditioner and a cooling system for a machine room.
  • split air conditioners account for the vast majority, which are generally divided into two parts: outdoor units and indoor units. This distribution takes up a lot of building area to place indoor units. Split type installations are also divided into two parts. The pipeline connection and water and electricity connection distance are relatively long, which is troublesome in construction and occupies the space of the data center computer room.
  • the present disclosure provides an integrated air conditioner, which does not occupy space for equipment in a computer room, can reduce the construction workload of the computer room, reduce the difficulty of construction, and further shorten the construction period of the computer room.
  • An integrated air conditioner comprising a casing and a first fan unit, an evaporator, a second fan unit, a condenser, and a refrigerant circulation power assembly located in the casing;
  • the chassis includes a first chamber and a second chamber, the first chamber includes an air guide air duct, the air guide air duct has an air inlet and an air outlet, and the air inlet of the air guide air duct is connected to the computer room.
  • the air outlet of the air guide is connected to the air outlet of the machine room, and the second chamber has a ventilation side and an air outlet side that communicate with the outdoor air;
  • the first fan group and the evaporator are sequentially arranged on the air guide air duct;
  • the second fan group is located on the ventilation side, and the condenser is located in the second chamber and is opposite to the second fan group; wherein,
  • the condenser, the evaporator and the refrigerant cycle power assembly constitute a refrigerant cycle system.
  • the chassis has a first chamber and a second chamber, and an air guide air duct is formed in the first chamber, the air inlet of the air guide air duct is connected with the air return port of the machine room, and the air outlet of the air guide air duct is connected. It is connected with the air supply port of the machine room.
  • the first fan group and the evaporator are arranged on the air guide air duct. The first fan group can suck the hot air in the machine room into the air guide air duct from the return air port.
  • the return air after cooling is sent into the machine room through the air supply port to form a circulation of indoor return air; while the second chamber has a ventilation port that communicates with the outdoor air, the second fan unit is set at the ventilation port, and the condenser Set in the second chamber, the condenser, the evaporator and the refrigerant circulation power component form a refrigerant circulation system.
  • the second fan group can suck the outdoor cold air into the second chamber.
  • the refrigerant is cooled to achieve the purpose of exchanging the heat from the evaporator to the outdoor air through the condenser.
  • the above all-in-one air conditioner can be placed around the outside of the computer room or on the top platform of the computer room.
  • the indoor unit part and the outdoor unit part are placed in one chassis, and the integrated design does not occupy the space of the equipment in the computer room.
  • the connection pipes and cables between the units in the machine can be set inside the chassis, which can reduce the construction workload of the machine room, reduce the difficulty of construction, and shorten the construction period of the machine room.
  • the first chamber and the second chamber are arranged side by side along the extending direction of the bottom of the chassis.
  • both the air inlet and the air outlet of the air guide duct are located on a side of the first chamber away from the second chamber.
  • the first fan group is arranged opposite to the air inlet, and the evaporator is arranged opposite to the air outlet; or,
  • Both the first fan group and the evaporator are arranged opposite to the air outlet.
  • the air inlet and the air outlet of the air guide air duct are located on the side where the bottom of the chassis is located.
  • the air inlet and the air outlet are located at the bottom of the chassis, and the first fan group and the evaporator are located between the air inlet and the air outlet of the air guide air duct.
  • it also includes a side air duct located on the side of the first chamber away from the second chamber, the side of the first chamber away from the second chamber has a connection port, and the side air duct
  • the first end of the pipe is communicated with the connection port, the second end of the side air duct faces the side where the bottom of the chassis is located, and the side air duct is the air inlet of the air guide air duct.
  • the bottom has an air outlet of the air guide air duct, and the first fan group and the evaporator are located between the air inlet and the air outlet of the air guide air duct.
  • the refrigerant cycle power assembly includes a compressor.
  • the refrigerant cycle power assembly further includes a refrigerant pump.
  • the second fan group is located at a top opposite to the bottom of the chassis, and the refrigeration cycle power assembly is located on a side of the condenser away from the second fan group.
  • the first chamber also includes an exhaust air valve for expelling the hot air in the machine room to the outside air, an air volume regulating air valve for adjusting the return air volume, and a fresh air damper for inhaling outside fresh air,
  • the exhaust air valve is arranged adjacent to the air inlet, the air volume adjustment air valve is on the side of the exhaust air valve away from the air inlet, and the fresh air air valve is located at the The air volume regulating air valve is away from the side of the exhaust air valve, and the evaporator and the first fan group are located between the fresh air air valve and the air outlet.
  • the fresh air damper has a filter.
  • the present disclosure also provides a cooling system for a computer room, which adopts any one of the integrated air conditioners provided in the above technical solutions that are installed in parallel cabinets.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic three-dimensional structural diagram of an integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of an integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 12 is a schematic three-dimensional structural diagram of another integrated air conditioner provided by an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 13 is a schematic three-dimensional structural diagram of another integrated air conditioner provided by an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 14 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner provided by an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • FIG. 15 is a schematic plan view of another integrated air conditioner according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
  • the present disclosure provides an integrated air conditioner, which includes a case 1 and a first fan group 2 , an evaporator 3 , a second fan group 4 , a condenser 5 , and a refrigerant cycle located in the case 1 .
  • Power components of which,
  • the chassis 1 includes a first chamber A and a second chamber B.
  • the first chamber A includes an air guide air duct.
  • the air guide air duct has an air inlet 91 and an air outlet 92.
  • the air return port is connected, the air outlet 92 of the air guide air duct is connected with the air supply port of the machine room, and the second chamber B has a ventilation side and an air outlet side that are communicated with outdoor air;
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 are sequentially arranged on the air guide air duct;
  • the second fan group 4 is located on the ventilation side, and the condenser 5 is located in the second chamber B and is opposite to the second fan group 4; wherein,
  • the condenser 5, the evaporator 3 and the refrigerant circulation power assembly constitute a refrigerant circulation system.
  • the chassis 1 has a first chamber A and a second chamber B, an air guide duct is formed in the first chamber A, and the air inlet 91 of the air guide duct is connected to the return of the machine room.
  • the air outlet is connected, the air outlet 92 of the air guide air duct is connected with the air supply port of the machine room, the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 are arranged on the air guide air duct, and the first fan group 2 can suck the hot air in the machine room from the return air port to guide the air.
  • the evaporator 3 can cool the inhaled hot air to form the cooled return air, and the cooled return air is sent into the machine room through the air supply port to form a circulation of indoor return air; and the second chamber B is connected to the outdoor air.
  • the second fan unit 4 is arranged at the vent, the condenser 5 is arranged in the second chamber B, the condenser 5, the evaporator 3 and the refrigerant circulation power component form a refrigerant circulation system, and the second fan unit 4.
  • the outdoor cold air can be sucked into the second chamber B, and the outdoor cold air can pass through the condenser 5 to cool the refrigerant passing through the condenser 5, so that the heat exchanged by the evaporator 3 can be exchanged to the outdoor air through the condenser 5.
  • the above-mentioned all-in-one air conditioner can be placed around the outside of the computer room or on the top platform of the computer room. Compared with the prior art, the indoor unit part and the outdoor unit part are placed in one chassis 1, and the integrated design does not occupy the space of the equipment in the computer room.
  • the connection pipes and cables between the units in the air conditioner can be arranged inside the chassis 1, which can reduce the construction workload of the machine room, reduce the construction difficulty, and shorten the construction period of the machine room.
  • the air inlet 91 of the air guide air duct can be communicated with the air return port of the computer room through the return air duct, and the air supply port of the air guide air duct can be communicated with the air supply air port of the computer room through the air supply air duct.
  • the first chamber A and the second chamber B in the above-mentioned case 1 may be arranged side by side along the extending direction of the bottom of the case 1 .
  • the above-mentioned case 1 includes a frame body 11 and a side plate (not shown) disposed on the frame body 11.
  • One side of the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 is ventilated, and the other side can be set as a sealed side plate, which can ensure good heat exchange on the air guide air duct; and the side plate around the second chamber B can be set as a ventilated side plate , forming the ventilation side of the second chamber, so that the outdoor air passing through the condenser 5 is emitted to the outside of the second chamber B through the ventilable side plate, so that the air conditioner can obtain good heat dissipation.
  • the air guide air duct can not only enter and exit the air from the side of the chassis 1, but also can enter and exit the air from the bottom of the chassis 1, and the air outlet type is flexible.
  • the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guide duct are located on the side of the first chamber A away from the second chamber B, that is, the air guide
  • the air duct can enter and exit the air from the side of the chassis 1 .
  • the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 may be disposed up and down on the side of the first chamber A away from the second chamber B.
  • the air inlet 91 may be arranged above the air outlet 92 , or, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 , the air outlet 92 may be arranged above the air inlet 91 .
  • the first fan group 2 may be arranged opposite to the air inlet 91
  • the evaporator 3 may be arranged opposite to the air outlet 92 .
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 can be respectively arranged in the first chamber A.
  • the first fan group 2 is used to draw the hot air in the machine room into the air guide air duct
  • the evaporator 3 is used to cool the hot air drawn into the air guide air duct.
  • the air outlet is sent into the machine room to form a circulation of indoor return air.
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 may also be disposed opposite to the air outlet 92 .
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 can be simultaneously arranged in the indoor return
  • the upper area or lower area of the air cavity the first fan group 2 is used to draw the hot air in the machine room into the air guide air duct
  • the evaporator 3 is used to cool the hot air drawn into the air guide air duct
  • the cooled return air is sent through the air guide duct.
  • the air outlet is sent into the machine room to form a circulation of indoor return air.
  • the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guiding duct may also be located on the side where the bottom of the chassis 1 is located, that is, the air guiding air duct enters and leaves the air from the bottom of the chassis 1 .
  • the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guide air duct can both be arranged at the bottom of the chassis 1, as shown in FIG.
  • the evaporator 3 is located between the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guide duct.
  • the above-mentioned integrated air conditioner further includes a side air duct 12 located on the side of the first chamber A away from the second chamber B.
  • the first chamber A is on the side away from the second chamber B.
  • There is a connection port the first end of the side air duct 12 is connected to the connection port, and the second end of the side air duct faces the side where the bottom of the chassis 1 is located.
  • the air inlet 91 of the air guiding duct and the bottom of the chassis 1 may have an air outlet 92 of the air guiding air duct.
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 are located between the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guiding air duct.
  • the first fan group 2 and the evaporator 3 are located between the air inlet 91 and the air outlet 92 of the air guide duct.
  • the first fan group 2 can be located at the air inlet. 91 and the evaporator 3, as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 6 and Figure 7, at this time the first fan group 2 forms a blowing structure in front of the evaporator 3;
  • the unit 4 may be located between the evaporator 3 and the air outlet 92 , as shown in FIG. 4 , FIG. 5 and FIG. 8 , at this time, the first fan unit 2 forms an air suction structure behind the evaporator 3 .
  • the evaporator 3 may be a fin-type coil or other structure, which is not limited here.
  • the shape of the evaporator 3 may be V-shaped, and the opening of the V-shaped evaporator may be disposed toward the air outlet 92 as shown in FIG. 9 , or may be disposed away from the air outlet 92 as shown in FIG. 10 .
  • the shape of the evaporator 3 may also be in-line. As shown in FIG. 11 , the in-line evaporator may be arranged vertically with respect to the bottom of the first chamber A, or may be arranged obliquely.
  • the condenser 5 is located in the second chamber B, and is arranged opposite to the second fan unit, so that the outdoor cold air sucked by the second fan unit can pass through the condenser. As shown in FIG. 12 and FIG. 13 , the condenser Arranged in multiple V-shaped structures.
  • the refrigerant cycle power assembly may include a compressor 6, wherein the evaporator 3, the compressor 6 and the condenser 5 are connected in sequence to form a refrigerant cycle circuit.
  • the refrigerant circulation power assembly may also include a refrigerant pump.
  • a pump cabinet 7 is provided in the casing 1 .
  • the evaporator 3, the compressor 6 and the condenser 5 can be connected in sequence to form a refrigerant circulation loop, and the refrigerant pump can be arranged in parallel with the evaporator 3, which can realize various refrigeration modes.
  • the refrigerant when the temperature of the outdoor air is lower than the first preset temperature, a part of the refrigerant outside the compressor system can enter the refrigeration cycle through the refrigerant pump system, which can reduce the energy consumption of the air conditioner, and when the outdoor air temperature is low
  • the refrigerant when the second preset temperature is lower than the first preset temperature, the refrigerant can all enter the refrigerant cycle through the refrigerant pump, and the compressor does not need to output, which can further reduce the energy consumption of the air conditioner.
  • the first fan group 2 may include at least one suction fan
  • the second fan group 4 may also include at least one suction fan.
  • the number of suction fans in the first exhaust fan group and the second exhaust fan group, the size of the evaporator 3 and the condenser 5, and the size of the compressor 6 can be configured to meet the step-type large cooling. volume demand.
  • the fresh air mode when the outdoor air temperature is low, can also be used to reduce the air temperature in the air guide air duct, thereby reducing the energy consumption of the refrigerant circulation power component.
  • the above-mentioned first chamber further includes an exhaust air valve 101 for discharging the hot air in the machine room to the outside air, an air volume regulating air valve 102 for adjusting the return air volume, and
  • the fresh air damper 103 for inhaling fresh air from the outside is located on the air guide air duct, and the exhaust air damper 101 is arranged adjacent to the air inlet 91.
  • the air volume regulating damper 102 is on the side of the exhaust air damper 101 away from the air inlet 91, and the fresh air damper 103 is located at The air volume regulating damper 102 is located away from the side of the exhaust damper 101 , and the evaporator 3 and the first fan group 2 are located between the fresh air damper 103 and the air outlet 92 .
  • the exhaust air valve 101 when adopting the fresh air mode to reduce the air temperature in the air guide air duct, the exhaust air valve 101 can be opened and the air volume regulating air valve 102 can be closed, so that the hot air in the machine room is discharged into the outside air, and the fresh air air valve 103 can be opened. Open, and suck the outdoor fresh air into the air guide duct.
  • the first fan group 2 forms a blowing structure in front of the evaporator 3 or a suction structure after the evaporator 3.
  • the evaporator 3 cools the inhaled outdoor fresh air, and the cooled fresh air It is sent into the machine room through the air outlet 92 .
  • the outdoor fresh air and indoor hot air need to be sucked into the air guide air duct at the same time. 103 opening to adjust the intake of indoor hot air and outdoor fresh air.
  • the exhaust air valve 101 can be arranged on the side plates on both sides of the air guide air duct, so that the hot air can be discharged from both sides of the air guide air duct; the air volume adjusting air valve 102 is arranged on the air guide air duct, which can adjust the machine room The amount of hot air and return air sucked into the air guide air duct.
  • the air volume regulating air valve 102 is opened, the hot air in the computer room can enter the air guiding air duct.
  • the air volume regulating air valve 102 is closed, the hot air in the computer room cannot enter the air guiding air.
  • the fresh air dampers 103 can also be arranged on the side panels on both sides of the air guide air duct, so that the outdoor fresh air enters the air guide air duct through the side panels on both sides of the air guide air duct.
  • Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram showing the setting positions of the exhaust air valve 101, the air volume regulating air valve 102 and the fresh air air valve 103 under an air suction structure
  • Fig. 15 is a schematic diagram of the exhaust air valve 101, A schematic diagram of the setting positions of the air volume regulating damper and the fresh air damper 103 .
  • the fresh air air valve 103 may have a filter, and the filter on the fresh air air valve 103 filters the outdoor fresh air and then sends it into the air guide air duct, Ensure that the air in the air duct is clean.
  • an electric control cabinet 8 is also arranged in the chassis. As shown in FIG. 1 , the electric control cabinet 8 can be located on the side of the condenser 5 away from the second fan unit 4, and the electric control cabinet 8 is used to control the first air conditioner. Actions of the first fan group 2 , the evaporator 3 , the second fan group 4 , the condenser 5 , the compressor 6 , the pump, the exhaust air valve 101 , the air volume regulating valve 102 and the fresh air valve 103 .
  • the present disclosure also provides a cooling system for a computer room, which adopts any one of the integrated air conditioners provided in the above technical solutions that are installed in parallel cabinets.
  • the above-mentioned all-in-one air conditioners are of a modular design, and when a plurality of all-in-one air conditioners form a cooling system of a computer room, they can be combined into cabinets, which can save floor space.

Abstract

一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统,该一体式空调机包括机箱(1)和位于所述机箱(1)内的第一风机组(2)、蒸发器(3)、第二风机组(4)、冷凝器(5)、制冷剂循环动力组件;其中,机箱(1)包括第一腔室(A)以及第二腔室(B),第一腔室(A)包括导风风道,导风风道具有进风口(91)和出风口(92),导风风道的进风口(91)与机房的回风口连通,导风风道的出风口(92)与机房的送风口连通,第二腔室(B)具有与室外空气连通的通风侧和出风侧,第一风机组(2)与蒸发器(3)依次设置于导风风道上,第二风机组(4)位于通风侧,冷凝器(5)位于第二腔室(B)内、且与第二风机组(4)相对设置,冷凝器(5)、蒸发器(3)和制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系统。该一体式空调机不占用机房内空间,能够减少机房施工工作量,降低施工难度。

Description

一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统
本申请要求以下中国专利申请的优先权:于2020年8月21日提交中国专利局的申请号为202021776421.0、发明创造名称为“一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统”的中国专利申请。以上专利申请的全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本公开涉及空调技术领域,特别涉及一种一体式空调机及机房散热系统。
背景技术
在目前大多运行的机房中,采用分体式空调占绝大部分,一般分为室外机和室内机两部分,这样分布占用了大量的建筑面积来放置室内机,分体式安装也分两部分安装,管道连接和水电连接距离都比较长,施工麻烦,占用数据中心机房的空间。
发明内容
本公开提供了一种一体式空调机,上述一体式空调机不占用机房内设备的空间,能够减少机房施工工作量,降低施工难度,进而缩短机房建设周期。
为达到上述目的,本公开提供以下技术方案:
一种一体式空调机,包括机箱以及位于所述机箱内的第一风机组、蒸发器、第二风机组、冷凝器、制冷剂循环动力组件;其中,
所述机箱包括第一腔室以及第二腔室,所述第一腔室包括导风风道,所述导风风道具有进风口和出风口,所述导风风道的进风口与机房的回风口连通,所述导风风道的出风口与机房的送风口连通,所述第二腔室具有与室外空气连通的通风侧以及出风侧;
所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器依次设置于所述导风风道上;
所述第二风机组位于所述通风侧,所述冷凝器位于所述第二腔室内、且与所述第二风机组相对设置;其中,
所述冷凝器、所述蒸发器以及所述制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系 统。
上述一体式空调机中,机箱具有第一腔室和第二腔室,第一腔室中形成导风风道,导风风道的进风口与机房回风口连通,导风风道的出风口与机房的送风口连通,第一风机组与蒸发器设置于导风风道上,第一风机组可将机房内热风从回风口吸入导风风道中,蒸发器可将吸入的热风冷却形成冷却后的回风,冷却后的回风通过送风口送入机房内,形成室内回风的循环;而第二腔室具有与室外空气连通的通风口,第二风机组设置于通风口处,冷凝器设置于第二腔室内,冷凝器、蒸发器以及制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系统,第二风机组可将室外冷风吸入第二腔室内,室外冷风经过冷凝器,可使通过冷凝器的制冷剂冷却,达到将蒸发器换热后的热量通过冷凝器交换到室外空气中的目的。上述一体式空调机,可以放置在机房外侧四周或者机房顶部平台,与现有技术相比,室内机部分和室外机部分放在一个机箱内,一体化设计,不占用机房内设备的空间,空调机中机组之间的连接管道和电缆等均可设置在机箱内部,能够减少机房施工工作量,降低施工难度,缩短机房建设周期。
可选地,所述第一腔室与所述第二腔室沿所述机箱底部的延伸方向并排设置。
可选地,所述导风风道的进风口和出风口均位于所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室的一侧。
可选地,所述第一风机组与所述进风口相对设置,所述蒸发器与所述出风口相对设置;或者,
所述第一风机组和所述蒸发器均与所述出风口相对设置。
可选地,所述导风风道的进风口和出风口位于所述机箱的底部所在的一侧。
可选地,所述进风口和出风口位于所述机箱的底部,所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器位于所述导风风道的进风口与出风口之间。
可选地,还包括位于所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室一侧的侧面风管,所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室一侧具有连接口,所述侧面风管第一端与所述连接口连通,所述侧面风管的第二端朝向所述机箱底部所在的一侧,所述侧面风管为所述导风风道的进风口,所述机箱的底部具有所述导风风道的出风口,所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器位于所述导风风道的进风口与出风口之间。
可选地,所述制冷剂循环动力组件包括压缩机。
可选地,所述制冷剂循环动力组件还包括冷媒泵。
可选地,所述第二风机组位于与所述机箱底部相对的顶部,所述制冷循环动力组件位于所述冷凝器远离所述第二风机组的一侧。
可选地,所述第一腔室内还包括用于将机房内的热风排出外界空气的排风风阀、用于调节回风风量的风量调节风阀和用于吸入外界新风的新风风阀,在所述导风风道上,所述排风风阀邻近所述进风口设置,所述风量调节风阀在所述排风风阀远离所述进风口的一侧,所述新风风阀位于所述风量调节风阀远离所述排风风阀的一侧,所述蒸发器和所述第一风机组位于所述新风风阀与所述出风口之间。
可选地,所述新风风阀具有过滤器。
本公开还提供一种机房散热系统,采用至少两个并柜安装的上述技术方案中提供的任意一种一体式空调机。
附图说明
图1为本公开实施例提供的一种一体式空调机的立体结构示意图;
图2为本公开实施例提供的一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图3为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图4为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图5为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图6为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图7为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图8为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图9为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图10为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图11为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图12为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的立体结构示意图;
图13为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的立体结构示意图;
图14为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图;
图15为本公开实施例提供的另一种一体式空调机的平面结构示意图。
图标:
1-机箱;11-架体;12-侧面风管;2-第一风机组;3-蒸发器;4-第二风机组;5-冷凝器;6-压缩机;7-泵柜;8-电控柜;91-进风口;92-出风口;101-排风风阀;102-风量调节风阀;103-新风风阀;A-第一腔室;B-第二腔室。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本公开实施例中的附图,对本公开实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本公开一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本公开中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本公开保护的范围。
请参考图1和图2,本公开提供一种一体式空调机,包括机箱1以及位于机箱1内的第一风机组2、蒸发器3、第二风机组4、冷凝器5、制冷剂循环动力组件;其中,
机箱1包括第一腔室A以及第二腔室B,第一腔室A包括导风风道,导风风道具有进风口91和出风口92,导风风道的进风口91与机房的回风口连通,导风风道的出风口92与机房的送风口连通,第二腔室B具有与室外空气连通的通风侧以及出风侧;
第一风机组2与蒸发器3依次设置于导风风道上;
第二风机组4位于通风侧,冷凝器5位于第二腔室B内、且与第二风机组4相对设置;其中,
冷凝器5、蒸发器3以及制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系统。
本公开实施例提供的一体式空调机中,机箱1具有第一腔室A和第二腔室B,第一腔室A中形成导风风道,导风风道的进风口91与机房回风口连通,导风风道的出风口92与机房的送风口连通,第一风机组2与蒸发器3设置于导风风道上,第一风机组2可将机房内热风从回风口吸入导风风道中,蒸发器3可将吸入的热风冷却形成冷却后的回风,冷却后的回风通过送风口送入机房内,形成室内回风的循环;而第二腔室B具有与室外空气连通的通风口,第二风机组4设置于通风口处,冷凝器5设置于第二腔室B内,冷凝器5、蒸发器3以及制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系统,第二风机组4可将室外冷风吸入第二腔室B内,室外冷风经过冷凝器5,可使通过冷凝器5的制冷剂冷却, 达到将蒸发器3换热后的热量通过冷凝器5交换到室外空气中的目的。上述一体式空调机,可以放置在机房外侧四周或者机房顶部平台,与现有技术相比,室内机部分和室外机部分放在一个机箱1内,一体化设计,不占用机房内设备的空间,空调机中机组之间的连接管道和电缆等均可设置在机箱1内部,能够减少机房施工工作量,降低施工难度,缩短机房建设周期。
在具体地实施方式中,导风风道的进风口91可以通过回风风管与机房的回风口连通,导风风道的送风口可以通过送风风管与机房的送风风口连通,结构简单,能够减少机房施工工作量。
在一种具体实施方式中,如图1所示,上述机箱1内第一腔室A可以与第二腔室B沿机箱1底部的延伸方向并排设置。
需要说明的是,上述机箱1包括架体11以及设置于架体11上的侧板(未画出),具体地,第一腔室A周围的侧板中,除了设置有导风风道的进风口91和出风口92的一侧通风,其它侧可以设置为密封侧板,能够保证导风风道上良好的热交换;而第二腔室B周围的侧板可以设置为可通风的侧板,形成第二腔室的通风侧,使得经过冷凝器5的室外空气通过可通风的侧板散发到第二腔室B外,使得空调机得到良好的散热。
上述一体式空调机中,导风风道不仅可以由机箱1侧面进出风,还可以由机箱1底部进出风,出风型式灵活。
在一种可能的实施方式中,如图2至图6所示,导风风道的进风口91和出风口92均位于第一腔室A远离第二腔室B的一侧,即导风风道可以由机箱1的侧面进出风。例如,进风口91和出风口92可以在第一腔室A远离第二腔室B的一侧上下设置。具体地,如图2、图3和图4所示,进风口91可以设置在出风口92上方,或者,如图5和图6所示,出风口92设置于进风口91上方。
具体地,在第一腔室A内,第一风机组2可与进风口91相对设置,蒸发器3与出风口92相对设置。例如,如图3所示,当进风口91和出风口92在第一腔室A远离第二腔室B的一侧上下设置时,第一风机组2和蒸发器3可分别设置于第一腔室A的上部区域和下部区域,第一风机组2用于将机房内的热风吸入导风风道,蒸发器3用于将吸入导风风道中的热风冷却,冷却后的回风通过送风口送入机房内,形成室内回风的循环。
可选地,第一风机组2和蒸发器3还可以均与出风口92相对设置。例如,如图2所示,当进风口91和出风口92在第一腔室A远离第二腔室B的一侧上下设置时,第一风机组2和蒸发器3可同时设置在室内回风腔时的上部区域或下部区域,第一风机组2用于将机房内的热风吸入导风风道,蒸发器3用于将吸入导风风道中的热风冷却,冷却后的回风通过送风口送入机房内,形成室内回风的循环。
在另一种可能的实施方式中,导风风道的进风口91和出风口92还可以位于机箱1底部所在的一侧,即导风风道由机箱1底部进出风。
可选地,当导风风道由机箱1底部进出风时,导风风道的进风口91和出风口92可以均设置于机箱1的底部,如图7所示,第一风机组2与蒸发器3位于导风风道的进风口91与出风口92之间。
可选地,上述一体式空调机还包括位于第一腔室A远离第二腔室B一侧的侧面风管12,如图8所示,第一腔室A远离第二腔室B一侧具有连接口,侧面风管12第一端与连接口连通,侧面风管的第二端朝向机箱1底部所在的一侧,当导风风道由机箱1底部进出风时,侧面风管可以作为导风风道的进风口91,机箱1的底部可以具有导风风道的出风口92,第一风机组2与蒸发器3位于导风风道的进风口91与出风口92之间。
上述一体式空调机中,第一风机组2与蒸发器3位于导风风道的进风口91和出风口92之间,具体地,在导风风道上,第一风机组2可以位于进风口91与蒸发器3之间,如图2、图3、图6以及图7所示,此时第一风机组2在蒸发器3前形成吹风结构;或者,在导风风道上,第二风机组4可以位于蒸发器3与出风口92之间,如图4、图5以及图8所示,此时第一风机组2在蒸发器3后形成吸风结构。
上述一体式空调中,蒸发器3可以为翅片式盘管,也可以为其它结构,在这里不做限制。蒸发器3的形状可以为V字型,V字型蒸发器的开口可以朝向出风口92设置,如图9所示,或者,也可以背向出风口92设置,如图10所示。另外,蒸发器3的形状也可以为一字型,如图11所示,一字型的蒸发器相对于第一腔室A的底部可以垂直设置,也可以倾斜设置。
上述一体式空调中,冷凝器5位于第二腔室B中,且与第二风机组相对设置,便于第二风机组吸入的室外冷风经过冷凝器,如图12和图13所示,冷凝 器呈多个V字型排列结构。
上述一体式空调中,制冷剂循环动力组件可以包括压缩机6,其中,蒸发器3、压缩机6以及冷凝器5依次连接形成制冷剂循环的回路。
另外,制冷剂循环动力组件还可以包括冷媒泵,例如,如图1所示,机箱1内设置有泵柜7。蒸发器3、压缩机6以及冷凝器5可以依次连接形成制冷剂循环的回路,冷媒泵可以与蒸发器3并联设置,能够实现多种制冷模式。例如,在室外空气的温度低于第一预设温度时,以在压缩机系统外,有一部分制冷剂可以通过冷媒泵系统进入制冷循环,能够降低空调机的能耗,而当室外空气温度低于第二预设温度时,第二预设温度小于第一预设温度,制冷剂可以全部通过冷媒泵进入制冷剂循环,压缩机不用输出,能够更加降低空调能耗。
上述一体式空调机,具体地,如图1所示,第二风机组4位于与机箱1底部相对的顶部,制冷循环动力组件可以位于冷凝器5远离第二风机组4的一侧。
需要说明的是,第一风机组2可以包括至少一个吸风风机,第二风机组4也可以包括至少一个吸风风机。上述一体式空调机中,可以通过配置第一排风机组和第二排风机组中吸风风机的数量、蒸发器3和冷凝器5的大小以及压缩机6的大小等可以满足阶梯式大冷量需求。
本公开实施例中,还可以在室外空气温度较低的时候采用新风模式降低导风风道内空气温度,进而降低制冷剂循环动力组件的能耗。
具体地,如图11和15所示,上述第一腔室内还包括用于将机房内的热风排出外界空气的排风风阀101、用于调节回风风量的风量调节风阀102和用于吸入外界新风的新风风阀103,在导风风道上,排风风阀101邻近进风口91设置,风量调节风阀102在排风风阀101远离进风口91的一侧,新风风阀103位于风量调节风阀102远离排风风阀101的一侧,蒸发器3和第一风机组2位于新风风阀103与出风口92之间。
上述一体式空调机中,在采用新风模式降低导风风道内空气温度时,可以将排风风阀101打开、风量调节风阀102关闭,使机房内热风排出到外界空气中,新风风阀103打开,将室外新风吸入到导风风道中,第一风机组2在蒸发器3前形成吹风结构或在蒸发器3后形成吸风结构,蒸发器3将吸入的室外新风冷却,冷却后的新风通过出风口92送入机房内。在室外空气温度低时,通 过将机房内的热风排出,使低温的室外新风降低导风风道内空气的温度,能够使制冷循环系统的耗能少,进而达到节省能源的目的。可选的,在另一种情况下,为了节省能源,需要室外新风和室内热风同时被吸入导风风道内,此时则需要通过控制排风风阀101、风量调节风阀102以及新风风阀103的开度,来调节室内热风和室外新风的吸入量。
具体地,排风风阀101可以设置于位于导风风道两侧的侧板上,能够使热风由导风风道两侧排出;风量调节风阀102设置于导风风道上,能够调节机房吸入导风风道内的热风回风的量,当风量调节风阀102打开时,机房内的热风可以进入导风风道,当风量调节风阀102关闭时,机房内的热风无法进入导风风道,全部排出到室外;新风风阀103也可以设置于位于导风风道两侧的侧板上,使得室外新风通过导风风道两侧的侧板进入导风风道内。如图14所示为在一种吸风结构下排风风阀101、风量调节风阀102以及新风风阀103的设置位置示意图,如图15为在一种吹风结构下排风风阀101、风量调节风阀以及新风风阀103的设置位置示意图。
上述一体式空调机中,为了避免室外新风中灰尘、颗粒物进入导风风道中,新风风阀103上可以具有过滤器,新风风阀103上过滤器将室外新风过滤后再送入导风风道中,保证导风风道内空气的清洁。
上述一体式空调机中,机箱内还设置有电控柜8,如图1所示,电控柜8可以位于冷凝器5远离第二风机组4的一侧,电控柜8用于控制第一风机组2、蒸发器3、第二风机组4、冷凝器5、压缩机6、泵、排风风阀101、风量调节阀102以及新风风阀103的动作。
本公开还提供一种机房散热系统,采用至少两个并柜安装的上述技术方案中提供的任意一种一体式空调机。上述一体式空调机为模块化设计,多个一体式空调机组成机房散热系统时,可以并柜,能够节省占地面积。
显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本公开实施例进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本公开的精神和范围。这样,倘若本公开的这些修改和变型属于本公开权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本公开也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。

Claims (13)

  1. 一种一体式空调机,其特征在于,包括机箱以及位于所述机箱内的第一风机组、蒸发器、第二风机组、冷凝器、制冷剂循环动力组件;其中,
    所述机箱包括第一腔室以及第二腔室,所述第一腔室包括导风风道,所述导风风道具有进风口和出风口,所述导风风道的进风口与机房的回风口连通,所述导风风道的出风口与机房的送风口连通,所述第二腔室具有与室外空气连通的通风侧以及出风侧;
    所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器依次设置于所述导风风道上;
    所述第二风机组位于所述通风侧,所述冷凝器位于所述第二腔室内、且与所述第二风机组相对设置;其中,
    所述冷凝器、所述蒸发器以及所述制冷剂循环动力组件组成制冷剂循环系统。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述第一腔室与所述第二腔室沿所述机箱底部的延伸方向并排设置。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述导风风道的进风口和出风口均位于所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室的一侧。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述第一风机组与所述进风口相对设置,所述蒸发器与所述出风口相对设置;或者,
    所述第一风机组和所述蒸发器均与所述出风口相对设置。
  5. 根据权利要求2所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述导风风道的进风口和出风口位于所述机箱的底部所在的一侧。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述进风口和出风口位于所述机箱的底部,所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器位于所述导风风道的进风口与出风口之间。
  7. 根据权利要求5所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,还包括位于所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室一侧的侧面风管,所述第一腔室远离所述第二腔室一侧具有连接口,所述侧面风管第一端与所述连接口连通,所述侧面风管的第二端朝向所述机箱底部所在的一侧,所述侧面风管为所述导风风道的进风口,所述机箱的底部具有所述导风风道的出风口,所述第一风机组与所述蒸发器位于所述导风风道的进风口与出风口之间。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述制冷剂循环动力组件包括压缩机。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述制冷剂循环动力组件还包括冷媒泵。
  10. 根据权利要求2所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述第二风机组位于与所述机箱底部相对的顶部,所述制冷循环动力组件位于所述冷凝器远离所述第二风机组的一侧。
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述第一腔室内还包括用于将机房内的热风排出外界空气的排风风阀、用于调节回风风量的风量调节风阀和用于吸入外界新风的新风风阀,在所述导风风道上,所述排风风阀邻近所述进风口设置,所述风量调节风阀在所述排风风阀远离所述进风口的一侧,所述新风风阀位于所述风量调节风阀远离所述排风风阀的一侧,所述蒸 发器和所述第一风机组位于所述新风风阀与所述出风口之间。
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的一体式空调机,其特征在于,所述新风风阀具有过滤器。
  13. 一种机房散热系统,其特征在于,包括至少两个并柜安装的如权利要求1-12任一项所述的一体式空调机。
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