WO2020124908A1 - Control method of image-text paper feeding cutting machine - Google Patents

Control method of image-text paper feeding cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020124908A1
WO2020124908A1 PCT/CN2019/083631 CN2019083631W WO2020124908A1 WO 2020124908 A1 WO2020124908 A1 WO 2020124908A1 CN 2019083631 W CN2019083631 W CN 2019083631W WO 2020124908 A1 WO2020124908 A1 WO 2020124908A1
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Prior art keywords
assembly
control
moves
bracket
cutting machine
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PCT/CN2019/083631
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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刘铁生
林立雪
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宁波经纬数控设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201811570237.8A priority Critical patent/CN109626038B/en
Priority to CN201811570237.8 priority
Application filed by 宁波经纬数控设备有限公司 filed Critical 宁波经纬数控设备有限公司
Publication of WO2020124908A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020124908A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/08Separating articles from piles using pneumatic force
    • B65H3/0808Suction grippers
    • B65H3/0816Suction grippers separating from the top of pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H3/00Separating articles from piles
    • B65H3/46Supplementary devices or measures to assist separation or prevent double feed
    • B65H3/48Air blast acting on edges of, or under, articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H7/00Controlling article feeding, separating, pile-advancing, or associated apparatus, to take account of incorrect feeding, absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles
    • B65H7/02Controlling article feeding, separating, pile-advancing, or associated apparatus, to take account of incorrect feeding, absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles by feelers or detectors
    • B65H7/04Controlling article feeding, separating, pile-advancing, or associated apparatus, to take account of incorrect feeding, absence of articles, or presence of faulty articles by feelers or detectors responsive to absence of articles, e.g. exhaustion of pile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2801/00Application field
    • B65H2801/42Die-cutting

Abstract

A control method of an image-text paper feeding cutting machine, comprising the following steps: 1) a paperboard (21) and materials (100) above the paperboard (21) move upward; 2) when moving to an upper limit position, a cross beam assembly (28) moves toward the rear side, an adsorption assembly (29) sucks up the currently uppermost material, meanwhile, the cross beam assembly moves toward the rear side for a distance, so that the material sucked up by the adsorption assembly forms an arc; 3) the cross beam assembly moves toward the front side to a set position, the adsorption assembly loosens the material and places it on a stationary conveying belt (271), a cutter on a machine head (3) cuts or presses the material on the conveying belt according to a given path; 4) after the material is cut, the machine head is reset, the cut material on the conveyor belt is fed into a material collecting assembly (4), meanwhile, the cross beam assembly moves backwards, sucks up the currently uppermost material again through the adsorption assembly to perform next cutting or pressing operation on the material; and 5) when all the materials on the paperboard are processed, the paperboard descends to a lower limit position for the next loading. The method can ensure that only one piece of material is sucked up at one time, and realize a better material separation effect.

Description

图文送纸切割机的控制方法Control method of graphic paper cutting machine 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及图文设备领域,尤其是一种图文送纸切割机的控制方法。The invention relates to the field of graphic equipment, in particular to a control method of a graphic paper feed cutting machine.
背景技术Background technique
过去印刷厂基本上都采用手工的方式来制作纸盒和封面。然而,随着产品包装用量的大量增加,特别是产品包装盒和精装书籍封面质量要求提高,手工制作就需要很多的劳动力,大大加重了企业的负担。In the past, printing houses basically used manual methods to make cartons and covers. However, with the large increase in the amount of product packaging, especially the quality requirements for product packaging boxes and hardcover book covers, manual production requires a lot of labor, which greatly increases the burden on enterprises.
为了将纸盒和封面制造业从传统的手工劳动中解脱出来,需要一种能够自动送纸的装置,目前市面上都是人工手工送纸,手工定位,或者单张运送纸,这样需要较多的人工操作,效率低,容易出错。In order to free the carton and cover manufacturing from traditional manual labor, a device that can automatically feed paper is needed. At present, manual paper feeding, manual positioning, or single sheet delivery are all on the market, which requires more The manual operation is inefficient and error-prone.
为此,也已有了可自动送纸和切割的机器,如申请号为201820359853.8的中国专利公开的一种全自动板材切割收料机,包括送料切割装置和收料装置,送料切割装置包括送料装置和切割装置,送料装置包括机械定位平台,机械定位平台上设置有开槽,开槽的前端设置第二开槽,第二开槽内设置有上输送轮和下输送轮,切割装置包括机架,机架上设有收料辊轴和丝杆收料平台,收料辊轴由辊轴组件和包裹在辊轴组件上的卷布组成,辊轴组件包括上辊轴、下辊轴和前辊轴;又如本申请人的申请号为201810227974.1的中国专利公开的一种图文送纸切割机,吸附送纸机主体上的纸张,运输至切割机主体上,送纸机主体包括机架,机架上设有可上下升降的底板,机架侧边设有支架,支架上设有可以分离纸张的气吹装置以及顶端设有弹性压板的支柱;切割机主体包括切割台面和切割组件,切割台面上设有输送带,输送带的下方设置真空吸附装置,切割组件包括切割刀具和压轮。To this end, there are also machines that can automatically feed and cut paper, such as a fully automatic plate cutting and receiving machine disclosed in the Chinese Patent Application No. 201820359853.8, which includes a feeding cutting device and a receiving device. The feeding cutting device includes a feeding Device and cutting device, the feeding device includes a mechanical positioning platform, a slot is provided on the mechanical positioning platform, a second slot is provided at the front end of the slot, an upper conveying wheel and a lower conveying wheel are provided in the second slot, the cutting device includes a machine The rack is equipped with a receiving roller shaft and a screw receiving platform. The receiving roller shaft is composed of a roller shaft assembly and a cloth wrapped on the roller shaft assembly. The roller shaft assembly includes an upper roller shaft, a lower roller shaft and Front roller shaft; another example is a graphic paper cutting machine disclosed by the applicant's Chinese patent application number 201810227974.1, which absorbs the paper on the main body of the paper feeder and transports it to the main body of the cutting machine. The main body of the paper feeder includes the machine The rack is provided with a bottom plate that can be raised and lowered up and down, a bracket is provided on the side of the rack, an air blowing device that can separate paper and a pillar with an elastic pressure plate on the top are provided on the bracket; A conveyor belt is provided on the cutting table, and a vacuum adsorption device is provided below the conveyor belt. The cutting assembly includes a cutting tool and a pressing wheel.
但这种装置,板材在平台上仅靠吸附装置吸取的方式,在多张板材堆叠的情况下,较难保证一次只吸取一张板材。However, in this device, the way in which the plates are sucked by the adsorption device on the platform is difficult to ensure that only one plate is sucked at a time when multiple plates are stacked.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明所要解决的技术问题是针对上述现有技术存在的问题,提供一种图文送纸切割机的控制方法,能够确保一次仅吸取一张物料。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a control method for a graphic paper cutting machine in view of the problems in the prior art, which can ensure that only one material is sucked at a time.
本发明解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为:一种图文送纸切割机的控制方法,包括如下步骤:The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above technical problems is as follows: A control method of a graphic paper cutting machine includes the following steps:
1)首先将多个待切割的物料堆叠在放纸板上,并通过物料定位组件进行定位,而后放纸板及上方的物料向上移动;1) First, multiple materials to be cut are stacked on the cardboard, and positioned by the material positioning component, and then the cardboard and the materials above move upward;
2)当移动到上限位时,所述放纸板停止移动,与放纸板相邻的吹风装置侧壁上的多个吹气孔出风,将上下相邻的物料吹散而松散开,横梁组件向后侧移动、直至到达物料上方停止,吸附组件吸起当前最上方的物料;2) When moving to the upper limit, the paperboard stops moving, and the air blows on the side walls of the blowing device adjacent to the paperboard to blow out the air, and the materials adjacent to the upper and lower sides are blown away and loosened. The rear side moves until it reaches the top of the material to stop, the adsorption component sucks up the current top material;
3)当前最上方的物料被吸在吸附组件上后,所述放纸板向上移动一个物料的高度,所述横梁组件向前侧移动到设定的位置,将吸附组件松开物料而放置在静止的传输带上,滑动设置在横梁组件上的机头从横梁组件的一端向横梁组件的中部移动,所述机头上的刀具按给定路径切割或按压传输带上的物料;3) After the uppermost material is currently sucked on the adsorption component, the cardboard is moved upward by one material height, the beam component moves to the set position on the front side, the adsorption component is released and the material is placed at rest On the conveyor belt, the machine head slidingly arranged on the beam assembly moves from one end of the beam assembly to the middle of the beam assembly. The cutter on the machine head cuts or presses the material on the conveyor belt according to a given path;
4)当物料切割完毕后,所述机头复位,所述传输带向前侧移动设定的距离后停止,将传输带上切割好的物料送入收料组件内,同时横梁组件向后移动,再次通过吸附组件吸取当前最上方的物料,进行下一次物料切割或按压动作,如此反复;4) After the material is cut, the machine head is reset, the conveyor belt moves forward to a set distance and then stops, and the cut material on the conveyor belt is fed into the receiving component, and the beam component moves backward ,Aspirate the material at the top of the current through the adsorption component again, and perform the next material cutting or pressing action, so repeat;
5)当放纸板上的所有物料加工完毕,所述放纸板下降,直至到达下限位时停止动作,进行下一次放料工作;5) When all the materials on the cardboard are finished, the cardboard is lowered until the lower limit is reached, and the action is stopped for the next unloading work;
其特征在于:在步骤2)中,吸附组件吸起物料的同时,所述横梁组件向后侧移动一段距离,从而被吸附组件吸起的物料形成弧度,确保只吸取最上方一个物料。It is characterized in that in step 2), while the suction component sucks up the material, the beam component moves a distance to the rear side, so that the material sucked up by the suction component forms an arc, ensuring that only the topmost material is sucked.
为便于自动判断物料的存在与否,在步骤1)和5)中,通过感应器感应放纸板上是否存在待切割的物料。In order to facilitate the automatic judgment of the presence or absence of materials, in steps 1) and 5), a sensor is used to sense whether there is a material to be cut on the cardboard.
为便于根据物料的存在状况自动控制放纸板的升降,所述感应器感应到的信号传输到控制装置,所述控制装置根据感应器的信号控制电动推杆驱动放纸板的升降。In order to facilitate the automatic control of the lifting of the paperboard according to the existing condition of the material, the signal sensed by the sensor is transmitted to the control device, and the control device controls the electric push rod to drive the lifting of the paperboard according to the signal of the sensor.
为自动控制放纸板的升降的极限位置,所述控制装置根据上限位传感器和下限位传感器控制放纸板升降的上限位和下限位。In order to automatically control the upper and lower limit positions of the cardboard discharge, the control device controls the upper and lower limit positions of the cardboard discharge according to the upper limit sensor and the lower limit sensor.
为避免切割好的物料被风吹走,在步骤3)中,所述传输带输送物料时,通过吸风装置将传输带上的物料吸附住。In order to prevent the cut materials from being blown away by the wind, in step 3), when the conveyor belt conveys the materials, the materials on the conveyor belt are adsorbed by the air suction device.
为避免被吹风装置从放纸板上吹落,在步骤2)中,所述放纸板停止移动时,与放纸板相邻的弹性压板转动到最上一张物料的上方。In order to avoid being blown off by the air blowing device from the paperboard, in step 2), when the paperboard stops moving, the elastic pressing plate adjacent to the paperboard rotates above the top material.
为进一步确保一次仅吸附一个物料,在步骤3)中,所述放纸板向上移动一个物料的高度后,所述横梁组件先向后移动一定距离,使得被吸附的物料经过弹性压板进一步刮剥分离,然后横梁组件再向前移动。To further ensure that only one material is adsorbed at a time, in step 3), after the paperboard is moved upward by one material height, the beam assembly first moves backward a certain distance, so that the adsorbed material is further scraped and separated by the elastic pressure plate , And then the beam assembly moves forward again.
与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:通过在吸附组件吸取物料的同时,使得横梁组件带动吸附组件向后侧移动,使得物料形成弧度,从而确保每次只能吸取最上方的一个物料,达到较好的物料分离效果。Compared with the prior art, the advantage of the present invention is that, while the suction component is sucking the material, the beam component drives the suction component to move to the rear side, so that the material forms an arc, thereby ensuring that only the top one material can be sucked at a time , To achieve a better material separation effect.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION
图1为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的示意图;1 is a schematic diagram of a graphic paper cutting machine used by a control method according to an embodiment of the invention;
图2为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的局部分解示意图;2 is a partial exploded schematic diagram of a graphic paper cutting machine used by the control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图3为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机隐藏局部的示意图;3 is a schematic diagram of hidden parts of a graphic paper cutting machine used by a control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图4为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机隐藏局部的示意图;4 is a schematic diagram of hidden parts of a graphic paper cutting machine used by a control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图5为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的剖视图(隐藏传输带);5 is a cross-sectional view of a graphic paper cutting machine (hidden conveyor belt) used by the control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图6为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的送纸组件的横梁组件、吸附组件和切割组件的示意图;6 is a schematic diagram of a beam assembly, a suction assembly, and a cutting assembly of a paper feeding assembly of a graphic paper cutting machine used in a control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图7为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的送纸组件的横梁组件、吸附组件和切割组件的分解结构示意图;7 is an exploded schematic structural view of a beam assembly, a suction assembly, and a cutting assembly of a paper feeding assembly of a graphic paper cutting machine used in a control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图8为本发明实施例的控制方法所利用的图文送纸切割机的送纸组件的横梁组件和吸附组件的分解结构示意图;8 is an exploded schematic view of the beam assembly and the suction assembly of the paper feeding assembly of the graphic paper cutting machine used in the control method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图9为本发明实施例的图文送纸切割机隐藏局部的示意图。9 is a schematic diagram of hidden parts of a graphic paper cutting machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下结合附图实施例对本发明作进一步详细描述。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the embodiments of the accompanying drawings.
参见图1~图3,一种图文送纸切割机,包括机架1、送纸组件2、机头3和收料组件4。Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, a graphic paper feed cutting machine includes a frame 1, a paper feeding assembly 2, a machine head 3, and a receiving assembly 4.
机架1包括间隔布置、互相连接的第一支架11和第二支架12,上述的送纸组件2、机头3和收料组件4设置在第一支架11和第二支架12之间。为便于描述,下文以送纸的方向确定前后,即送纸组件2位于第一支架11和第二支架12后侧之间,而收料组件4位于第一支架11和第二支架12前侧之间,而机头3位于送纸组件2和收料组件4之间、用于对物料100(通常为纸板)进行切割。第一支架11和第二支架12分别为独立的一体件,并且各自在前、后方向上延伸。The frame 1 includes a first bracket 11 and a second bracket 12 that are arranged at intervals and connected to each other. The above-mentioned paper feeding assembly 2, machine head 3, and receiving assembly 4 are disposed between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12. For ease of description, the front and back are determined in the paper feed direction below, that is, the paper feed assembly 2 is located between the rear sides of the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, and the receiving assembly 4 is located in front of the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 The machine head 3 is located between the paper feeding assembly 2 and the receiving assembly 4 and is used to cut the material 100 (usually cardboard). The first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 are separate, integral pieces, and each extend in the front and rear directions.
送纸组件2包括放纸板21,位于放纸板21前侧相邻处的吹风装置22和支柱23,以及设置在放纸板21上的物料定位组件。第一支架11和第二支架12之间、位于放纸板21前侧、靠近顶部的位置连接有支撑杆221,上述的吹风装置22和支柱23设置在支撑杆221上。吹风装置22上开设有吹风口,支柱23在纵向上延伸,其顶端设有弹性压板231,用于压放纸板21上的物料100(图中未示出放纸板21上待切割的物料100)。The paper feeding assembly 2 includes a paper board 21, a blower 22 and a pillar 23 located adjacent to the front side of the paper board 21, and a material positioning assembly provided on the paper board 21. A support rod 221 is connected between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 on the front side of the paper board 21 and near the top. The above-mentioned blowing device 22 and the support 23 are provided on the support rod 221. The blowing device 22 is provided with a blowing port, the pillar 23 extends in the longitudinal direction, and an elastic pressing plate 231 is provided at the top thereof for pressing and releasing the material 100 on the cardboard 21 (the material 100 to be cut on the cardboard 21 is not shown in the figure) .
物料定位组件包括可相对放纸板21滑动的第一侧挡板241、第二侧挡板242、以及后挡板243。第一侧挡板241、第二侧挡板242和第三侧挡板243均能在放纸板21上滑动。第一侧挡板241靠近第一支架11和第二支架12中的其中一个,第二侧挡板242靠 近第一支架11和第二支架12中的另一个,而后挡板243在放纸板21上位于第一侧挡板241和第二侧挡板242的后部。第一侧挡板241和第二侧挡板242均在前、后方向上延伸,而后挡板243在第一支架11和第二支架12之间延伸。The material positioning assembly includes a first side fence 241, a second side fence 242, and a rear fence 243 that can slide relative to the paper board 21. The first side baffle 241, the second side baffle 242, and the third side baffle 243 can all slide on the paper board 21. The first side fence 241 is close to one of the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, the second side fence 242 is close to the other of the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, and the rear fence 243 is placed on the cardboard 21 The upper portion is located at the rear of the first side fence 241 and the second side fence 242. The first side fence 241 and the second side fence 242 both extend in the front and rear directions, and the rear fence 243 extends between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12.
上述的三个挡板通过吸铁石的吸附作用(放纸板21由铁磁性的金属制成)而吸附在放纸板21上,当将物料100放置到放纸板21上后,可将各挡板从放纸板21上取下,并定位在物料100的边缘处,从而实现物料100在放纸板21上的定位。The three baffles mentioned above are adsorbed on the paperboard 21 through the adsorption of the iron-absorbing stone (the paperboard 21 is made of ferromagnetic metal). When the material 100 is placed on the paperboard 21, each baffle can be removed from the The cardboard 21 is removed and positioned at the edge of the material 100, so as to achieve the positioning of the material 100 on the cardboard 21.
上述的吹风装置22、支柱23、弹性压板231和物料定位组件与现有技术的相同,可参见背景技术中提及的本申请人的申请号为201810227974.1的中国专利,在此不再赘述。The above-mentioned blower device 22, pillar 23, elastic pressing plate 231 and material positioning assembly are the same as those in the prior art, and reference can be made to the Chinese patent of the applicant with the application number 201810227974.1 mentioned in the background art, which will not be repeated here.
放纸板21的上表面可嵌入有感应器25,如红外收发传感器,用于感应放纸板21上是否放有待切割的物料100。当放纸板21上放置物料100时,感应器25发射出的红外线受阻反射,从而能接收到反射的红外线而判断此时放纸板21上放置有物料100,否则则代表放纸板21上无物料100。第一支架11和第二支架12上还分别设置有上限位传感器252和下限位传感器253,其中,上限位传感器252具有两个、分别设置在第一支架11和第二支架12上并且位置对应,下限位传感器253具有两个、分别设置在第一支架11和第二支架12上并且位置对应。上限位传感器252和下限位传感器253原理相同,均是其中一个为红外发射器,另一个为红外接收器,当红外发射器发射出的红外线被挡住使得红外接收器无法接收到红外线时,判断放纸板21移动到上限位或下限位,而控制放纸板21停止运动,防止放纸板21超过极限位置。A sensor 25, such as an infrared transceiving sensor, may be embedded on the upper surface of the paperboard 21 for sensing whether the material 100 to be cut is placed on the paperboard 21. When the material 100 is placed on the cardboard 21, the infrared emitted by the sensor 25 is blocked and reflected, so that the reflected infrared can be received and it is judged that the material 100 is placed on the cardboard 21 at this time, otherwise it means that there is no material 100 on the cardboard 21 . The first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 are also provided with an upper limit sensor 252 and a lower limit sensor 253 respectively, wherein the upper limit sensor 252 has two, which are respectively disposed on the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 and correspond in position There are two lower limit sensors 253, which are respectively disposed on the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 and correspond in position. The upper limit sensor 252 and the lower limit sensor 253 have the same principle, one of which is an infrared transmitter and the other is an infrared receiver. When the infrared emitted by the infrared transmitter is blocked so that the infrared receiver cannot receive infrared, it is judged to be placed. The paperboard 21 moves to the upper limit or the lower limit, and the paperboard 21 is controlled to stop moving to prevent the paperboard 21 from exceeding the limit position.
为驱动放纸板21升降,放纸板21的下方设置有电动推杆26,电动推杆26固定在第一支架11和第二支架12之间。电动推杆26的输出端与放纸板21的底部连接,从而可驱动放纸板21升降。这种驱动方式,结构更简单、成本更低、更可靠、能够减少故障率、具有更高的稳定性,此外,突然断电后不会突然下落,更加安全。In order to drive the paperboard 21 to move up and down, an electric push rod 26 is provided below the paperboard 21, and the electric push rod 26 is fixed between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12. The output end of the electric push rod 26 is connected to the bottom of the cardboard discharger 21, so that the cardboard discharger 21 can be driven to move up and down. This driving method has a simpler structure, lower cost, more reliability, can reduce the failure rate, and has higher stability. In addition, it will not fall suddenly after a sudden power failure and is safer.
送纸组件2还包括传输组件27和横梁组件28,上述的机头3设置在横梁组件28上,可以随横梁组件28前、后移动,并且相对横梁组件28在第一支架11和第二支架12之间作直线运动,将在下文详述。传输组件27设置在横梁组件28的下方、并且位于吹风装置22的前侧。传输组件27和横梁组件28可独立地动作,与现有技术相同。The paper feeding assembly 2 further includes a conveying assembly 27 and a beam assembly 28. The above-mentioned machine head 3 is disposed on the beam assembly 28, and can move with the front and rear of the beam assembly 28, and is opposite to the beam assembly 28 in the first bracket 11 and the second bracket The linear motion between 12 will be described in detail below. The transmission assembly 27 is disposed below the beam assembly 28 and is located on the front side of the blowing device 22. The transmission assembly 27 and the beam assembly 28 can operate independently, as in the prior art.
上述的传输组件27和横梁组件28可采用现有的技术进行驱动动作,也可以参见图1~图4,在本实施例中,传输组件27包括传输带271、用于驱动传输带271动作的第一驱动装置272、以及用于将第一驱动装置272的输出扭矩传递到传输带271的第一传动装置。在本实施例中,传输带271为毛毡,第一驱动装置272为电机,第一驱动装置272固定在第一支架11和第二支架12之间。The transmission assembly 27 and the beam assembly 28 described above can be driven by the existing technology, and can also be seen in FIGS. 1 to 4. In this embodiment, the transmission assembly 27 includes a transmission belt 271, which is used to drive the transmission belt 271 to operate The first driving device 272 and the first transmission device for transmitting the output torque of the first driving device 272 to the transmission belt 271. In this embodiment, the transmission belt 271 is felt, the first driving device 272 is a motor, and the first driving device 272 is fixed between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12.
第一传动装置包括前、后间隔布置的两个第一传输滚筒273,以及前、后间隔布置 的两个第二传输滚筒274,每个第一传输滚筒273的下方对应设置一个第二传输滚筒274。两个第一传输滚筒273的尺寸、形状适配,并且高度相同,两个第二传输滚筒274的尺寸、形状适配,并且高度相同。每个第一传输滚筒273在第一支架11和第二支架12之间延伸、并且分别与第一支架11和第二支架12转动连接,每个第二传输滚筒274在第一支架11和第二支架12之间延伸、并且分别与第一支架11和第二支架12转动连接。The first transmission device includes two first conveying rollers 273 arranged in front and rear spaced apart, and two second conveying rollers 274 arranged in front and rear spaced apart, each second conveying roller 273 is correspondingly provided with one second conveying roller 274. The size and shape of the two first transfer rollers 273 are adapted and the height is the same, and the size and shape of the two second transfer rollers 274 are adapted and the height is the same. Each first transfer roller 273 extends between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 and is rotatably connected to the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, respectively. Each second transfer roller 274 is between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket The two brackets 12 extend and are rotatably connected to the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, respectively.
上述的传输带271绕设在第一传输滚筒273和第二传输滚筒274上,传输带271首尾相连,由此使得当第一传输滚筒273和第二传输滚筒274转动时,传输带271能绕传输滚筒往复转动,使得传输带271在两个第一传输滚筒273之间的部分可水平地输送物料100。The aforementioned conveyor belt 271 is wound around the first conveyor roller 273 and the second conveyor roller 274, and the conveyor belt 271 is connected end to end, thereby enabling the conveyor belt 271 to be wound when the first conveyor roller 273 and the second conveyor roller 274 rotate The transfer roller rotates back and forth so that the portion of the transfer belt 271 between the two first transfer rollers 273 can convey the material 100 horizontally.
为避免该部分的传输带271上的物料100被吹走,参加图9,还设置有反吹风装置275,两个第一传输滚筒273之间、位于传输带271的下方设置有吸风装置275,用作反吹风装置275的进风,吸风装置2751上可密布气孔。反吹风装置275通过吸风装置2751从传输带271下方吸走空气形成负压从而将物料100吸紧在传输带271上。由于传输带271具有良好的透气性,因此,可确保反吹风装置275的正常工作。In order to prevent the material 100 on the conveyor belt 271 of this part from being blown away, see FIG. 9, a reverse blower device 275 is also provided, and an air suction device 275 is provided between the two first conveyor rollers 273 below the conveyor belt 271 , Used as the air inlet of the reverse blowing device 275, the air suction device 2751 can be densely distributed air holes. The reverse blowing device 275 sucks air from below the conveyor belt 271 through the suction device 2751 to form a negative pressure to suck the material 100 on the conveyor belt 271. Since the transmission belt 271 has good air permeability, the normal operation of the anti-blowing device 275 can be ensured.
第一传动装置还包括第一齿形皮带276和第一皮带轮277,第一驱动装置272和第一皮带轮277相邻设置,第一皮带轮277设置在其中一个第一传输滚筒273(在本实施例中,为后侧的第一传输滚筒273)的端部、并且两者同轴连接。第一齿形皮带276绕设在第一驱动装置272的输出轴和第一皮带轮277上,以便当第一驱动装置272运转时,其输出轴可通过第一齿形皮带276带动第一皮带轮277转动,进而带动该第一传输滚筒273转动,从而带动传输带271动作,进而带动其余的第一传输滚筒273和第二传输滚筒274转动,由此实现传输带271的往复动作。The first transmission device further includes a first toothed belt 276 and a first pulley 277, the first driving device 272 and the first pulley 277 are disposed adjacent to each other, the first pulley 277 is disposed on one of the first transmission rollers 273 (in this embodiment The middle is the end of the first transfer roller 273) on the rear side, and the two are coaxially connected. The first toothed belt 276 is wound around the output shaft of the first driving device 272 and the first pulley 277, so that when the first driving device 272 is in operation, its output shaft can drive the first pulley 277 through the first toothed belt 276 The rotation further drives the first transport roller 273 to rotate, thereby driving the transport belt 271, and then drives the remaining first transport roller 273 and second transport roller 274 to rotate, thereby realizing the reciprocating motion of the transport belt 271.
参见图4~图8,横梁组件28包括壳体281、第一导轨282、第一滑块283、第二驱动装置284、第二传动装置和支撑架285。其中,壳体281、第一导轨282和支撑架285分别在第一支架11和第二支架12之间延伸,壳体281设置在支撑架285之外,支撑架285与壳体281固定。第一导轨282设置在支撑架285的前侧、并穿过壳体281而露出在壳体281外,第一滑块283滑动设置在第一导轨282上,并且位于第一导轨282的前侧。4-8, the beam assembly 28 includes a housing 281, a first guide rail 282, a first slider 283, a second driving device 284, a second transmission device, and a support frame 285. Wherein, the housing 281, the first guide rail 282, and the support frame 285 respectively extend between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, the housing 281 is provided outside the support frame 285, and the support frame 285 is fixed to the housing 281. The first guide rail 282 is disposed on the front side of the support frame 285 and passes through the housing 281 to be exposed outside the housing 281, and the first slider 283 is slidably disposed on the first guide rail 282 and is located on the front side of the first guide rail 282 .
第二驱动装置284为电机,固定在支撑架285靠近第一支架11或第二支架12的一侧,并通过电机盖2841封闭。第二传动装置包括第一传送带286、第一传动轮287、第二齿形皮带288和第二皮带轮289。第二皮带轮289靠近第二驱动装置284设置,第二齿形皮带287绕设在第二驱动装置284的输出轴和第二皮带轮289上。第一传动轮287包括两个,分别在支撑架285内靠近第一支架11和第二支架12设置,第一传送带286 绕设在两个第一传动轮287上,从而能绕两个第一传动轮287往复转动。第一滑块283与第一传送带286连接固定,从而使得第一滑块283可以随着第一传送带286在第一支架11和第二支架12之间直线移动。The second driving device 284 is a motor, fixed on the side of the support frame 285 close to the first bracket 11 or the second bracket 12, and closed by the motor cover 2841. The second transmission device includes a first conveyor belt 286, a first transmission wheel 287, a second toothed belt 288 and a second pulley 289. The second pulley 289 is disposed close to the second driving device 284, and the second toothed belt 287 is wound around the output shaft of the second driving device 284 and the second pulley 289. The first transmission wheel 287 includes two, which are respectively arranged near the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 in the support frame 285, and the first conveyor belt 286 is wound around the two first transmission wheels 287, so that the two first transmission wheels 287 can be wound The transmission wheel 287 reciprocates. The first slider 283 is connected and fixed to the first conveyor belt 286, so that the first slider 283 can move linearly between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 along with the first conveyor belt 286.
第二皮带轮289和其中一个第一传动轮287同轴连接,并且第二皮带轮289、两个第一传动轮287分别与支撑架285转动连接,由此使得第二驱动装置284的运转可以通过第二齿形皮带288带动第二皮带轮289转动,从而带动相应位置的第一传动轮287转动,使得第一传送带286转动,进而带动另一第一传动轮287转动,实现第一传送带286在第一支架11和第二支架12之间的往复动作,从而使得第一滑块283可以在第一支架11和第二支架12之间往复直线移动。The second pulley 289 and one of the first transmission wheels 287 are coaxially connected, and the second pulley 289 and the two first transmission wheels 287 are respectively rotatably connected to the support frame 285, thereby allowing the operation of the second driving device 284 to pass through the first The two-toothed belt 288 drives the second pulley 289 to rotate, thereby driving the first transmission wheel 287 at the corresponding position to rotate the first conveyor belt 286, and then rotates the other first transmission wheel 287 to realize the first conveyor belt 286 at the first The reciprocating action between the bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 allows the first slider 283 to move linearly back and forth between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12.
送纸组件2还包括吸附组件29,吸附组件29包括多个吸盘291、用于设置吸盘291的吸盘架292、以及带动吸盘架292升降的第三驱动装置293,吸盘291与气泵连通。多个吸盘291在第一支架11和第二支架12之间间隔布置,优选的,为均匀间隔布置。吸盘架292在第一支架11和第二支架12之间延伸,每个吸盘291的顶部与吸盘架292连接固定。第三驱动装置293可以为气缸,并且具有两个,分别设置在吸盘架292靠近第一支架11和第二支架12的两端,由此吸盘架292构成用于将气缸的输出传递到吸盘291的第三传动装置。第三驱动装置293可以与支撑架25连接固定,第三驱动装置293的输出端与吸盘架292连接。盖板294封闭靠近第二驱动装置284的第三驱动装置293,另一个第三驱动装置293则置于壳体281内。壳体281的底部开口,以便吸盘291的用于吸附的头部可向下伸出壳体281之外、或者向上收纳在壳体281内。The paper feeding assembly 2 further includes a suction assembly 29. The suction assembly 29 includes a plurality of suction cups 291, a suction cup frame 292 for setting the suction cup 291, and a third driving device 293 that drives the suction cup frame 292 to move up and down. The suction cup 291 communicates with the air pump. The plurality of suction cups 291 are arranged at intervals between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, preferably at even intervals. The suction cup holder 292 extends between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, and the top of each suction cup 291 is connected and fixed to the suction cup holder 292. The third driving device 293 may be a cylinder, and there are two, which are respectively disposed at both ends of the suction cup holder 292 near the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, whereby the suction cup holder 292 is configured to transfer the output of the cylinder to the suction cup 291 Third transmission. The third driving device 293 may be connected and fixed to the support frame 25, and the output end of the third driving device 293 is connected to the suction cup frame 292. The cover plate 294 closes the third driving device 293 close to the second driving device 284, and the other third driving device 293 is placed in the housing 281. The bottom of the housing 281 is opened so that the head for suction of the suction cup 291 can protrude downward from the housing 281 or be accommodated upward in the housing 281.
由于不同的物料100具有不同的尺寸,因此,将多个吸盘291中的至少一个靠边的吸盘291设置成与气泵之间构成独立的通路,从而使得可以根据不同尺寸的物料100控制工作的吸盘291的数量。在本实施例中,常开的吸盘291为三个,靠边的另两个(可以在同一边、也可以分布在两边)分别与气泵单独连接,并且其中一个通路上设置第一电磁阀2911、另一个通路上设置第二电磁阀2912,参加图9,由此使得常规的物料100吸附时,只需常开的三个吸盘291工作;当物料100尺寸较大时,可通过第一电磁阀2911和第二电磁阀2912独立地控制剩余的其中一个吸盘291工作或两个吸盘291都工作。Since different materials 100 have different sizes, at least one side suction cup 291 of the plurality of suction cups 291 is arranged to form an independent path with the air pump, so that the working suction cup 291 can be controlled according to the different size materials 100 quantity. In this embodiment, there are three normally open suction cups 291, and the other two on the side (which may be on the same side or distributed on both sides) are separately connected to the air pump, and a first solenoid valve 2911 is provided on one of the channels A second solenoid valve 2912 is provided on the other path, as shown in FIG. 9, so that when the conventional material 100 is adsorbed, only three normally open suction cups 291 are required to work; when the material 100 is large in size, it can pass through the first solenoid valve 2911 and the second solenoid valve 2912 independently control the operation of one of the remaining suction cups 291 or both suction cups 291.
可在吸盘291与气泵连接的通路上,设置气压阀2913,从而控制吸盘291处负压的大小,以更好地吸附物料100。A pressure valve 2913 may be provided on the passage connecting the suction cup 291 and the air pump, thereby controlling the magnitude of the negative pressure at the suction cup 291 to better adsorb the material 100.
机头3与第一滑块283连接固定,从而第一滑块283在第一支架11和第二支架12之间的往复直线移动可带动机头3在第一支架11和第二支架12之间作往复直线移动。第一滑块283和第一导轨282的配合,可对机头3的移动起到导向的作用。The head 3 is connected and fixed to the first slider 283, so that the first slider 283 reciprocates linearly between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 to drive the motor head 3 between the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 Intercropping moves linearly back and forth. The cooperation of the first slider 283 and the first guide rail 282 can guide the movement of the head 3.
为使得横梁组件28可相对机架1在前、后方向上移动,机架1上还设置有第四驱动装置13和第四传动装置。第四驱动装置13可以为电机,设置在第一支架11或第二 支架12上,在本实施例中,设置在第一支架11的前侧,与前侧的第一传输滚筒273相邻。In order to make the beam assembly 28 movable in the front and rear directions relative to the frame 1, the frame 1 is also provided with a fourth driving device 13 and a fourth transmission device. The fourth driving device 13 may be a motor, which is disposed on the first bracket 11 or the second bracket 12, and in this embodiment, is disposed on the front side of the first bracket 11 adjacent to the first transfer roller 273 on the front side.
第四传动装置包括前后设置的两个第二传动轮141和绕设在两个第二传动轮141上的第二传送带142,第一支架11和第二支架12上均设置有两个第二传动轮141和绕设在第二传动轮141上的第二传送带142。第二传动轮141的位置与第一传输滚筒273对应,每个第一传输滚筒273内穿设有同步轴143,前侧的同步轴143的两端穿出第一传输滚筒273、从而分别与前侧的两个第二传动轮141连接,后侧的同步轴143的两端穿出第一传输滚筒273、从而分别与后侧的两个第二传动轮141连接。The fourth transmission device includes two second transmission wheels 141 arranged back and forth and a second conveyor belt 142 wound around the two second transmission wheels 141, and both the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 are provided with two second The transmission wheel 141 and the second conveyor belt 142 wound around the second transmission wheel 141. The position of the second transmission wheel 141 corresponds to the first transmission roller 273. Each first transmission roller 273 is provided with a synchronization shaft 143, and the two ends of the front synchronization shaft 143 pass through the first transmission roller 273, respectively The two second transmission wheels 141 on the front side are connected, and both ends of the synchronization shaft 143 on the rear side pass through the first transmission drum 273 to be respectively connected to the two second transmission wheels 141 on the rear side.
横梁组件28还包括分别设置在壳体281的靠近第一支架11和第二支架12端部的第二滑块280,每个第二滑块280与其中一个第二传送带142连接固定,从而使得横梁组件28可随第二传送带142前、后移动。后侧的两个第二传动轮141的位置与放纸板21的位置对应,如可对应放纸板21的中间,使得横梁组件28和吸附组件29可移动到放纸板21的上方。The beam assembly 28 further includes second sliders 280 respectively disposed on the ends of the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12 of the housing 281, and each second slider 280 is connected and fixed to one of the second conveyor belts 142, so that The beam assembly 28 can move forward and backward with the second conveyor belt 142. The positions of the two second transmission wheels 141 on the rear side correspond to the positions of the paper board 21, for example, they can correspond to the middle of the paper board 21, so that the beam assembly 28 and the suction assembly 29 can move above the paper board 21.
第四传动装置还包括第三齿形皮带144和第三皮带轮145,第三齿形皮带144绕设在第三皮带轮145和第四驱动装置13的输出轴上,第三皮带轮145与其中一个第二传动轮141同轴连接,在本实施例中,为与第一支架11上的前侧的第二传动轮141连接。由此,第四驱动装置13运转时,可通过第三齿形皮带144转动,进而带动第三皮带轮145转动,由此与第三皮带轮145连接的前侧的第二传动轮141转动,通过同步轴143带动相应位置的另一第二传动轮141转动,同时第二传动轮141的转动带动第二传送带142转动,进而后侧的第二传动轮141转动,实现第二传送带142的往复动作,从而使得与第二传送带142连接的横梁组件28前、后往复移动。The fourth transmission device further includes a third toothed belt 144 and a third pulley 145. The third toothed belt 144 is wound around the third pulley 145 and the output shaft of the fourth driving device 13, the third pulley 145 and one of the first The two transmission wheels 141 are coaxially connected. In this embodiment, they are connected to the second transmission wheel 141 on the front side of the first bracket 11. Thus, when the fourth driving device 13 is operating, the third toothed belt 144 can be rotated, which in turn drives the third pulley 145 to rotate, thereby rotating the second transmission wheel 141 on the front side connected to the third pulley 145, by synchronizing The shaft 143 drives another second transmission wheel 141 at the corresponding position, and the rotation of the second transmission wheel 141 drives the second conveyor belt 142 to rotate, and then the second transmission wheel 141 on the rear side rotates to realize the reciprocating action of the second conveyor belt 142, Thus, the beam assembly 28 connected to the second conveyor belt 142 reciprocates forward and backward.
第四传动装置还包括在第一支架11和第二支架12上分别设置的在前、后方向上延伸的第二导轨146,第二滑块280还与第二导轨146滑动连接,从而第二导轨146可对横梁组件28的移动起到导向的作用。The fourth transmission device further includes second guide rails 146 extending in the front and rear directions respectively provided on the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12, the second slider 280 is also slidingly connected to the second guide rail 146, so that the second guide rail 146 can guide the movement of the beam assembly 28.
第二传动轮141和第三皮带轮145可以与第一支架11、第二支架12转动连接。The second transmission wheel 141 and the third pulley 145 can be rotatably connected to the first bracket 11 and the second bracket 12.
收料组件4包括收料斗41和设置在收料斗41前侧的收料支架42。The receiving assembly 4 includes a receiving hopper 41 and a receiving bracket 42 provided on the front side of the receiving hopper 41.
图文送纸切割机还包括控制装置5,上述的各驱动装置、感应器和传感器均与控制装置5电连接,以便根据感应器、传感器的信号控制各驱动装置。The graphic paper cutting machine further includes a control device 5. The above-mentioned drive devices, sensors, and sensors are all electrically connected to the control device 5, so as to control each drive device according to the signals of the sensors and sensors.
机头3和收料组件4可采用现有技术。The head 3 and the receiving assembly 4 can use the existing technology.
在本实施例中,将送纸组件2和切割组件3设置在一体的机架1上,可替代的,也可采用现有技术,即将送纸组件2分拆成两个部分,部分设置在其中一个机架1上,另一部分设置在另一个机架1上。In this embodiment, the paper feeding assembly 2 and the cutting assembly 3 are arranged on the integrated frame 1. Alternatively, or in the prior art, the paper feeding assembly 2 is split into two parts, and part of the One of the racks 1 and the other part are set on the other rack 1.
本发明的图文送纸切割机使用时,其控制方法包括如下步骤:When the graphic paper cutting machine of the present invention is used, its control method includes the following steps:
1)首先将多个待切割的物料100(通常为纸板)堆叠在放纸板21上,调节第一侧挡板241、第二侧挡板242的位置将物料100的两端对齐,然后用后挡板243进行后端的定位;而后放纸板21上的感应器251感应到物料100从而通过控制装置5自动启动电动推杆26,推动放纸板21及其上方物料100向上移动;1) First stack a plurality of materials 100 (usually cardboard) to be cut on the cardboard 21, adjust the positions of the first side fence 241 and the second side fence 242 to align the two ends of the material 100, and then use The baffle 243 locates the rear end; and the sensor 251 on the rear cardboard 21 senses the material 100 to automatically start the electric push rod 26 through the control device 5 to push the cardboard 21 and the material 100 above it to move upward;
2)当移动到上限位传感器252感应位置时,电动推杆26及放纸板21停止移动,此时弹性压板231放置在最上一张物料100的前侧,并能转动到最上一张物料100的上方,吹风装置22侧壁上的多个吹气孔出风,将上下相邻的物料100吹散而松散开,弹性压板231的最终位置与堆叠的物料100的最上方一张之间具有一定的间隙;控制装置5启动工作程序,带动传输带271的第一驱动装置272启动,传输带271向前侧转动一段预设的距离,同时横梁组件28向后侧移动,到物料100上方停止,吸盘291从横梁组件28的壳体281的下方伸出到物料100上方,通过吸盘真空作用吸起当前最上方的物料100,吸盘291上的物料100向上移动经过弹性压板231时,弹性压板231通过自身弹性和吹风装置22将多吸上来的物料100分离,与此同时横梁组件28向后侧移动一段距离(该距离较小),从而被吸盘291吸起的物料100形成弧度(由于物料100被后挡板243阻挡而形成),确保除最上方一张物料100外的多余物料100不会被吸上来;2) When moving to the sensing position of the upper limit sensor 252, the electric push rod 26 and the paper board 21 stop moving. At this time, the elastic pressing plate 231 is placed on the front side of the top material 100 and can rotate to the top of the top material 100 Above, a plurality of blowing holes on the side wall of the blowing device 22 blow out air to blow up and loose the material 100 adjacent to the upper and lower sides, and there is a certain distance between the final position of the elastic pressing plate 231 and the uppermost one of the stacked materials 100 The gap; the control device 5 starts the work program, the first driving device 272 that drives the conveyor belt 271 is started, the conveyor belt 271 rotates a predetermined distance to the front side, and at the same time the beam assembly 28 moves to the rear side, stops above the material 100, and the suction cup 291 protrudes from below the housing 281 of the beam assembly 28 to above the material 100, and sucks up the currently highest material 100 by suction cup vacuum. When the material 100 on the suction cup 291 moves upward past the elastic pressure plate 231, the elastic pressure plate 231 passes through itself The elasticity and the blowing device 22 separate the material 100 that has been sucked up, and at the same time, the beam assembly 28 moves to the rear side by a distance (the distance is smaller), so that the material 100 sucked by the suction cup 291 forms an arc (because the material 100 is The baffle 243 is blocked to form), to ensure that the excess material 100 except the top material 100 will not be sucked up;
3)当前最上方的物料100被吸在吸盘291上,放纸板21向上移动一个物料100的高度,横梁组件28向后移动一定距离,使得被吸附的物料100经过弹性压板231进一步刮剥分离,然后横梁组件28向前侧移动到程序设定的位置(此时传输带271处于静止状态),吸盘291松开而将物料100放置在传输带271上,通过反吹风装置275将传输带271上的物料100平整吸附使其不被微风等外力移动,横梁组件28上的机头3从横梁组件28的一端向横梁组件28的中部移动,机头3上刀具按给定路径切割或按压物料100;3) The current top material 100 is sucked on the suction cup 291, and the cardboard 21 is moved upward by the height of the material 100, and the beam assembly 28 is moved backward a certain distance, so that the adsorbed material 100 passes through the elastic pressure plate 231 to further scrape and separate. Then the beam assembly 28 moves to the programmed position (at this time, the conveyor belt 271 is at rest), the suction cup 291 is released and the material 100 is placed on the conveyor belt 271, and the conveyor belt 271 is placed on the conveyor belt 271 by the reverse blower 275 The material 100 is absorbed flat so that it will not be moved by external forces such as breeze. The head 3 on the beam assembly 28 moves from one end of the beam assembly 28 to the middle of the beam assembly 28. The cutter on the head 3 cuts or presses the material 100 according to a given path ;
4)当物料100切割完毕后机头3复位,传输带271向前侧移动程序设定的距离后停止,将传输带271上切割好的物料100通过收料斗41滑到收料支架42上,同时横梁组件28向后移动,再次通过吸盘291吸取一个当前最上方的物料100进行下一次物料100切割或按压动作,如此反复;4) After the material 100 is cut, the machine head 3 is reset, and the conveyor belt 271 moves forward to the distance set by the program. Then, the material 100 cut on the conveyor belt 271 is slid onto the collection bracket 42 through the collection hopper 41. At the same time, the beam assembly 28 moves backwards, and sucks a current top material 100 through the suction cup 291 again for the next material 100 cutting or pressing action, and so on;
5)当放纸板21上的所有物料100加工完毕,感应器251感应到放纸板21上方无物料100,传递信号给电动推杆26,电动推杆26接收信号带动放纸板21下降,直至到达下限位传感器243时停止动作,进行下一次放料工作。5) When all the materials 100 on the paper board 21 are processed, the sensor 251 senses that there is no material 100 above the paper board 21, and transmits a signal to the electric push rod 26. The electric push rod 26 receives the signal to drive the paper board 21 down until it reaches the lower limit When the position sensor 243 stops, the next discharge operation is performed.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种图文送纸切割机的控制方法,包括如下步骤:A control method of a graphic paper cutting machine includes the following steps:
    1)首先将多个待切割的物料(100)堆叠在放纸板(21)上,并通过物料定位组件进行定位,而后放纸板(21)及上方的物料(100)向上移动;1) First, multiple materials (100) to be cut are stacked on the paper board (21), and are positioned by the material positioning component, and then the paper board (21) and the material (100) above are moved upward;
    2)当移动到上限位时,所述放纸板(21)停止移动,与放纸板(21)相邻的吹风装置(22)侧壁上的多个吹气孔出风,将上下相邻的物料(100)吹散而松散开,横梁组件(28)向后侧移动、直至到达物料(100)上方停止,吸附组件(29)吸起当前最上方的物料(100);2) When it moves to the upper limit, the paper board (21) stops moving, and the air blowing holes on the side wall of the blowing device (22) adjacent to the paper board (21) emit air to remove the adjacent materials (100) Blow away and loosen, the beam assembly (28) moves to the rear side until it reaches the top of the material (100), and the suction assembly (29) sucks up the top material (100);
    3)当前最上方的物料(100)被吸在吸附组件(29)上后,所述放纸板(21)向上移动一个物料(100)的高度,所述横梁组件(28)向前侧移动到设定的位置,将吸附组件(29)松开物料(100)而放置在静止的传输带(271)上,滑动设置在横梁组件(28)上的机头(3)从横梁组件(28)的一端向横梁组件(28)的中部移动,所述机头(3)上的刀具按给定路径切割或按压传输带(271)上的物料(100);3) After the uppermost material (100) is sucked on the suction assembly (29), the cardboard (21) moves upward by the height of the material (100), and the beam assembly (28) moves to the front side At the set position, release the suction component (29) from the material (100) and place it on the stationary conveyor belt (271), slide the machine head (3) set on the beam assembly (28) from the beam assembly (28) One end of the beam moves towards the middle of the crossbeam assembly (28), the cutter on the machine head (3) cuts or presses the material (100) on the conveyor belt (271) according to a given path;
    4)当物料(100)切割完毕后,所述机头(3)复位,所述传输带(271)向前侧移动设定的距离后停止,将传输带(271)上切割好的物料(100)送入收料组件(4)内,同时横梁组件(28)向后移动,再次通过吸附组件(29)吸取当前最上方的物料(100),进行下一次物料(100)切割或按压动作,如此反复;4) After the material (100) is cut, the machine head (3) is reset, the conveyor belt (271) is moved forward to a set distance and then stopped, and the cut material on the conveyor belt (271) ( 100) It is fed into the receiving assembly (4), and at the same time, the beam assembly (28) moves backwards, and sucks the current top material (100) again through the suction assembly (29), and performs the next material (100) cutting or pressing action , So repeatedly;
    5)当放纸板(21)上的所有物料(100)加工完毕,所述放纸板(21)下降,直至到达下限位时停止动作,进行下一次放料工作;5) When all the materials (100) on the cardboard discharger (21) are processed, the cardboard discharger (21) is lowered until it reaches the lower limit, and the action is stopped, and the next discharge work is carried out;
    其特征在于:在步骤2)中,吸附组件(29)吸起物料(100)的同时,所述横梁组件(28)向后侧移动一段距离,从而被吸附组件(29)吸起的物料(100)形成弧度,确保只吸取最上方一个物料(100)。It is characterized in that in step 2), while the suction component (29) sucks up the material (100), the beam component (28) moves a distance to the rear side, so that the material (29) sucked up by the suction component (29) 100) Form an arc to ensure that only the top material (100) is drawn.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:在步骤1)和5)中,通过感应器(251)感应放纸板(21)上是否存在待切割的物料(100)。The control method of the graphic paper cutting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: in steps 1) and 5), the sensor (251) senses whether there is a material to be cut on the cardboard (21) ( 100).
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:所述感应器(251)感应到的信号传输到控制装置(5),所述控制装置(5)根据感应器(251)的信号控制电动推杆(26)驱动放纸板(21)的升降。The control method of the teletext cutting machine according to claim 2, characterized in that the signal sensed by the sensor (251) is transmitted to the control device (5), and the control device (5) is based on the sensor The signal of (251) controls the electric push rod (26) to drive the lifting and lowering of the cardboard (21).
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:所述控制装置(5)根据上限位传感器(252)和下限位传感器(253)控制放纸板(21)升降的上限位和下限位。The control method of a graphic paper cutting machine according to claim 3, characterized in that the control device (5) controls the lifting of the paperboard (21) according to the upper limit sensor (252) and the lower limit sensor (253) Upper limit and lower limit.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:在步骤3)中,所述传输带(271)输送物料(100)时,通过反吹风装置(275)将传输带(271)上的物料(100)吸附住。The control method of the teletext cutting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: in step 3), when the conveying belt (271) conveys the material (100), the conveying device (275) transfers the material The material (100) on the belt (271) is absorbed.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:在步骤2)中, 所述放纸板(21)停止移动时,与放纸板(21)相邻的弹性压板(231)转动到最上一张物料(100)的上方。The control method of a graphic paper cutting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: in step 2), when the paper board (21) stops moving, an elastic pressing plate (21) adjacent to the paper board (21) 231) Rotate above the top material (100).
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的图文送纸切割机的控制方法,其特征在于:在步骤3)中,所述放纸板(21)向上移动一个物料(100)的高度后,所述横梁组件(28)先向后移动一定距离,使得被吸附的物料(100)经过弹性压板(231)进一步刮剥分离,然后横梁组件(28)再向前移动。The control method of the graphic paper cutting machine according to claim 6, characterized in that: in step 3), after the paperboard (21) is moved upward by the height of a material (100), the beam assembly ( 28) First move a certain distance backward, so that the adsorbed material (100) is further scraped and separated by the elastic pressing plate (231), and then the beam assembly (28) moves forward.
PCT/CN2019/083631 2018-12-21 2019-04-22 Control method of image-text paper feeding cutting machine WO2020124908A1 (en)

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CN109626038A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-16 宁波经纬数控设备有限公司 The control method of picture and text paper feeding cutting machine

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