WO2019184969A1 - Bogie frame, bogie, rail vehicle, and rail transit system - Google Patents

Bogie frame, bogie, rail vehicle, and rail transit system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019184969A1
WO2019184969A1 PCT/CN2019/080073 CN2019080073W WO2019184969A1 WO 2019184969 A1 WO2019184969 A1 WO 2019184969A1 CN 2019080073 W CN2019080073 W CN 2019080073W WO 2019184969 A1 WO2019184969 A1 WO 2019184969A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
magnetic levitation
rail vehicle
module
running wheel
bogie
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2019/080073
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任林
李道林
刘维达
谭志成
杨怡
Original Assignee
比亚迪股份有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 比亚迪股份有限公司 filed Critical 比亚迪股份有限公司
Publication of WO2019184969A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019184969A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L13/00Electric propulsion for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways; Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles
    • B60L13/10Combination of electric propulsion and magnetic suspension or levitation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/50Other details
    • B61F5/52Bogie frames

Definitions

  • the present application relates to the field of vehicle transportation, and in particular to a bogie frame of a rail vehicle and a bogie of the rail vehicle having the same, and a rail vehicle having the bogie and a rail transit system having the rail vehicle.
  • the magnetic levitation train guided by the stable wheel is magnetically driven at the time of starting, and the support wheel on the train is small, and only serves as a support.
  • the magnetic conversion rate is lower and the acceleration is slower. Therefore, the use of magnetic drive causes a large amount of energy loss, which is not conducive to cost control.
  • the present application aims to solve at least one of the above technical problems to some extent.
  • the first aspect of the present application is to provide a bogie frame for a rail vehicle, the bogie frame of which can make the vehicle run smoothly.
  • a second aspect of the present application is to provide a bogie for a rail vehicle having a bogie frame as described above.
  • a third aspect of the present application is to provide a rail vehicle on which the aforementioned bogie is disposed.
  • a fourth aspect of the present application is to provide a rail transit system including the above rail vehicle.
  • a bogie frame of a rail vehicle includes: a frame body having a running wheel mounting port extending in an up-and-down direction for mounting a running wheel; a magnetic suspension mounting portion The magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body for mounting a first magnetic levitation module; a driving member mounting portion, the driving member mounting portion is connected to the frame body, and the driving member mounting portion is configured to be connected to the running wheel Walking wheel drive.
  • the bogie frame of the rail vehicle can make the vehicle run smoothly.
  • bogie frame of the rail vehicle may further have the following additional technical features:
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion has a shape of a support arm, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body and extends downward.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion includes: a connecting arm connected to the frame body and extending downward; a side sill, the lower sill extends in a front-rear direction, and the A lower side member is coupled to the lower end of the connecting arm for mounting the first magnetic levitation module.
  • the connecting arms are two, and the two connecting arms are symmetrically disposed in the front-rear direction with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the upper ends of the two connecting arms are connected to the frame body, and the two connections are The lower ends of the arms are respectively connected to both ends of the lower longitudinal beam.
  • the connecting arm has a "C" shape, an upper end of the connecting arm is connected to the frame body, and a lower end of the connecting arm is connected to the lower longitudinal beam.
  • the lower end of the connecting arm is provided with legs extending in the front-rear direction, and the legs are connected to the corresponding lower longitudinal members.
  • the connecting arm is provided with a through hole, and the connecting arm is provided with a through hole penetrating the connecting arm in the left and right direction.
  • the bogie frame includes two of the magnetic levitation mounting portions, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions are respectively located at left and right sides of the frame body, and the left and right opposite sides of the running wheel mounting port Settings.
  • the driver mounting portion has a driver mounting opening extending in the left-right direction.
  • the driving member mounting opening extends in the left-right direction and communicates with the running wheel mounting opening.
  • the bogie frame is integrally formed or integrally formed by welding.
  • the frame body is rectangular and includes: a first connecting beam, a second connecting beam, a third connecting beam and a fourth connecting beam which are connected end to end, the first connecting beam and the The third connecting beam is opposite and the second connecting beam and the fourth connecting beam are opposite.
  • the bogie frame further includes: two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, each of the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions being connected to the frame body and extending downward for mounting a stabilizing wheel, two The stabilizing wheel mounting portion is disposed opposite to the running wheel mounting opening.
  • a bogie of a rail vehicle comprising: a bogie frame, wherein the bogie frame is a bogie frame of the rail vehicle, and a running wheel, the road wheel is rotatably disposed on the bogie a running wheel mounting port, wherein an axis of the running wheel extends in a left-right direction, a lower end of the running wheel extends downwardly from the running wheel mounting port; a running wheel driving member, the running wheel driving member is mounted on the driving a mounting portion, and the running wheel driving member is connected to the running wheel, the running wheel driving member is configured to drive the running wheel to rotate to drive the rail vehicle to travel in a front-rear direction; the first magnetic levitation module, the first A magnetic levitation module is mounted to the magnetic levitation mounting portion.
  • the magnetic levitation travel combined with the travel of the running wheel can reduce the loss of energy.
  • the first magnetic levitation module is mounted on an upper surface of a lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion.
  • the bogie frame further includes two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions are respectively connected to the frame body and extend downward for mounting a stabilizing wheel.
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion is disposed opposite to the left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion is mounted with a stabilizing wheel, and the axis of the stabilizing wheel extends in the up and down direction.
  • a rail vehicle includes a vehicle body and a bogie of the aforementioned rail vehicle, the vehicle body being coupled to the bogie and being towed along the rail by the bogie.
  • the above-described bogie is used to drive the rail vehicle, which can increase the acceleration and reduce the running cost.
  • the bogie further includes an hourglass spring, the hourglass spring is located between the frame body and the vehicle body, and the hourglass spring is respectively connected to the frame body and the vehicle body .
  • a rail transit system comprising: a track beam having a second magnetic levitation module thereon; a rail vehicle, the rail vehicle straddles the rail beam, the rail vehicle a rail vehicle, the first magnetic levitation module being adapted to suspend the rail vehicle, the running wheel being adapted to be rollably supported on an upper surface of the rail beam.
  • the acceleration of the rail vehicle can be improved, and the energy consumption is low, and the running cost is low.
  • the rail transit system further includes: an electromagnetic driving member including a first electromagnetic driving module and a second electromagnetic driving module, the first electromagnetic driving module and the rail vehicle Connected, the second electromagnetic drive module is coupled to the track beam.
  • At least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in an up-and-down direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide an upward and downward direction to the first magnetic levitation module. force.
  • the track beam comprises: a beam body; a beam top plate, the beam top plate is disposed on the beam body and extends in the same direction as the beam body, and the left and right sides of the beam top plate extend The left and right sides of the beam body are out.
  • At least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module is located below the beam top plate.
  • the first magnetic levitation module includes two oppositely disposed left and right sides, and two of the first magnetic levitation modules are respectively disposed on left and right sides of the beam body.
  • the second magnetic levitation module is disposed on at least one of the beam body and the beam top plate.
  • At least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in a left-right direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide a horizontal guiding force to the first magnetic levitation module.
  • At least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in an up-and-down direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide an up-and-down levitation force to the first magnetic levitation module.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a bogie frame according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a magnetic levitation mounting portion according to an embodiment of the present application
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the combination of a bogie frame and a track beam according to an embodiment of the present application
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a rail transit system according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • the frame body 10 the running wheel mounting opening 11, the first connecting beam 12, the second connecting beam 13, the third connecting beam 14, and the fourth connecting beam 15,
  • Magnetic suspension mounting portion 20 first magnetic suspension module 21, connecting arm 22, through hole 221, lower longitudinal beam 23, leg 24,
  • Track beam 300 beam body 301, support portion 302, beam top plate 303, second magnetic levitation module 304,
  • the magnetic levitation train guided by the stable wheel is magnetically driven at the time of starting, and the support wheel on the train is small, and only serves as a support.
  • the magnetic conversion rate is lower and the acceleration is slower. Therefore, the use of magnetic drive causes a large amount of energy loss, which is not conducive to cost control.
  • the present application proposes a bogie frame 100 for rail transit, and a bogie frame 100 of a rail vehicle 2 according to an embodiment of the present application will be described below with reference to FIGS.
  • the bogie frame 100 can generally include a frame body 10, a magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and a driver mounting portion 30.
  • the frame body 10 is provided, and the frame body 10 has a running wheel mounting port 11 for mounting the running wheel 201, and the structure is stable, so that the vehicle can run smoothly.
  • the frame body 10 has a running wheel mounting opening 11 for mounting the running wheel 201 extending in the up and down direction.
  • the running wheel 201 is rotatably mounted at the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • the running wheel 201 is supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, and the running wheel 201 can be rolled, so that the running wheel 201 can be driven by Rolling to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel.
  • the inside of the frame body 10 is used to mount the running wheel 201, and the running wheel 201 functions as a support and drive.
  • running wheel 201 can be installed in the middle of the frame body 10, and the structure is stable and reasonable.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is coupled to the frame body 10, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21, and the second magnetic levitation module 304 is disposed on the track beam 300, through the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module The interaction between 304 maintains the suspended state of the rail vehicle 2.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may be in contact with each other to maintain the floating state of the rail vehicle 2; or the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may mutually maintain the suspension of the rail vehicle 2 by mutual exclusion.
  • the driving member mounting portion 30 is connected to the frame body 10, and the driving member mounting portion 30 is for mounting the running wheel driving member 203 connected to the running wheel 201 so as to be driven by the running wheel driving member 203 mounted on the driving member mounting portion 30.
  • the running wheel 201 rotates to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel, and in addition, the driving member mounting portion 30 in the present application can mount a part of the running wheel driving member 203 (for example, a rotating shaft).
  • the inside of the frame body 10 defines a space having the running wheel 201.
  • the frame body 10 connects the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the driving member mounting portion 30 as a whole, and can be combined by the running wheel 201 and the magnetic driving method. To drive the vehicle to travel.
  • the interaction of the first magnetic levitation module 21 mounted at the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 with the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the track can provide a force to suspend the vehicle, and the vehicle and/or the track also has an electromagnetic drive that magnetically drives the vehicle to travel or brake.
  • the piece 600 is such that the vehicle can be driven by the combination of the running wheel 201 and the magnetic drive mode, in other words, the vehicle can be driven or braked by at least one of the running wheel 201 and the electromagnetic drive 600.
  • the electromagnetic driving member 600 for driving the traveling of the vehicle or the like a structure in the prior art can be employed.
  • the magnetic suspension type driving mode can be adopted, the operation is stable, the noise is low, and the speed grade is high.
  • the driving form can drive the running wheel 201 for the running wheel driving member 203, allowing a smaller one. Turning radius, running smoothly and saving energy.
  • the application is designed and developed in combination with the advantages of the smoothness and the small turning radius of the rubber wheel system at low speed and the smooth and low noise of the magnetic suspension system at high speed operation.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 may be connected to the frame body 10 and extend downward.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 may be in the shape of a carrier arm extending in the up and down direction.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is connected to the frame body 10 and downward. extend.
  • the magnetic suspension mounting portion 20 has a bracket shape, that is, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has a shape of a cantilever beam, and the free end of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 extends in a horizontal direction to be suitable for supporting other components (for example, the first magnetic levitation module 21) .
  • the interior of the frame body 10 defines a space for mounting the running wheel 201.
  • the left and right sides of the frame body 10 are connected with a stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40.
  • the left side of the frame body 10 or the upper right side is connected with a driving member.
  • the left side and the lower side of the frame body 10 are connected to the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, wherein the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 can be two symmetrically disposed, so that the frame body 10 will be magnetically suspended.
  • the mounting portion 20, the driving member mounting portion 30, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 are integrally formed to be connected, have a reasonable structure, and have high space utilization.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes a connecting arm 22 and a side sill 23.
  • the connecting arm 22 is connected to the frame body 10 and extends downward.
  • the lower longitudinal beam 23 extends in the front-rear direction and is connected to the lower ends of the two connecting arms 22, wherein the lower longitudinal beam 23 is used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21 .
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 includes one or a plurality of front and rear spaced apart ones, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 may be welded or riveted to the side sills 23, and each of the lower longitudinal beams 23 may be mounted with at least one first magnetic levitation module 21,
  • the first magnetic levitation modules 21 may be one, two, three or more, and the one or more first magnetic levitation modules 21 and the second magnetic levitation modules 304 repel or attract each other to suspend the vehicle.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes a lower longitudinal beam 23 on which the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to suction or repulsion, wherein the connecting arm 22 serves to connect the lower longitudinal beam 23 and the frame body. The role of 10, while the connecting arm 22 is still the main bearing member.
  • the connecting arms 22 are two, and the two connecting arms 22 are symmetrically disposed with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the front-rear direction.
  • the upper ends of the two connecting arms 22 are connected to the frame body 10, and the two connecting arms are connected.
  • the lower ends of the 22 are connected to the ends of the side sill 23, respectively.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 each include two connecting arms 22 disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11, and both ends of the side sill 23 in the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 are respectively connected to the corresponding two connecting arms 22.
  • the side sills 23 of the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are opposed to each other.
  • the connecting arm 22 is symmetrically disposed with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the front-rear direction, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes two symmetrical sides.
  • the connecting arm 22 is also symmetrical with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the left-right direction, and the connecting arm 22
  • the upper end is connected to the frame body 10
  • the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is connected with a lower longitudinal beam 23, and the lower longitudinal beam 23 is mounted with a first magnetic levitation module 21, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 transmits suction or repulsion to the lower longitudinal beam 23, so that
  • the connecting arm 22 can transmit the force received by the side sill 23 into four parts uniformly to the frame body 10, and the rail vehicle 2 can be stably operated without occurrence of excessive force at a certain place.
  • the connecting arm 22 has a "C" shape, the upper end of the connecting arm 22 is connected to the frame body 10, and the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is connected to the lower longitudinal beam 23.
  • the shape of the connecting arm 22 in the "C” shape means that the shape of the connecting arm 22 is substantially the same as the shape of the letter "C".
  • the shape of the connecting arm 22 may be " ⁇ ".
  • the connecting arms 22 may be arranged only on one side, or may be symmetrically disposed on the left and right sides, for example, the left and right symmetrical arrangement of the connecting arms 22, that is, the C-shaped connecting arms 22 opposite to each other on the left and right sides are defined in the middle.
  • the inner space, the rail beam 300 is installed in the inner space, and the left and right ends of the connecting arm 22 "kuck" the rail beam 300, so that the connecting arm 22 moves along the rail beam 300 and does not disengage.
  • the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is provided with legs 24 extending in the fore and aft direction, the legs 24 being connected to the corresponding lower longitudinal members 23. Since the rail vehicle 2 is heavy and the connecting arm 22 is the main bearing member, it is necessary to ensure the connection between the supporting member and the side sill 23 is stable to avoid a safety accident.
  • the leg 24 increases the contact area between the connecting arm 22 and the side sill 23, so that the connection between the connecting arm 22 and the side sill 23 is stable and is not easy to loosen.
  • the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole 221, one end of the through hole 221 extends to the inner side of the connecting arm 22, and the other end of the through hole 221 extends to the outside of the connecting arm 22. side.
  • the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole 221 penetrating the connecting arm 22 in the left-right direction.
  • the through hole 221 can avoid the occurrence of air bubbles inside the connecting arm 22.
  • the connecting arm 22 portion when the rail vehicle 2 is running, the connecting arm 22 portion generates more heat, and the through hole 221 can be provided. The heat dissipation effect extends the service life of the connecting arm 22.
  • the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole penetrating the connecting arm 22 in the left-right direction.
  • the bogie frame 100 includes two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20, two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are respectively located on the left and right sides of the framing body 10, and two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11. It can be understood that both the magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 will be subjected to the action of the magnetic force, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are disposed opposite to each other to balance the force on the left and right sides of the vehicle, thereby avoiding the situation where the side is over-stressed and the side is turned over.
  • the embodiments are of course only schematic and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the application.
  • the bogie frame 100 may include only one magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, for example, the left and right magnetic levitation mounting portions may be connected to form In the integrated structure, the magnetic levitation mounting portion is provided with two first magnetic levitation modules 21 on the left and right sides of the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • the central portions of the opposing two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are recessed toward each other.
  • the upper and lower portions of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21, thereby mounting the magnetic levitation
  • the upper and lower portions of the portion 20 may be subjected to the same or different forces, that is, there is a repulsive force or attraction between the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the lower portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 There is a repulsive force or a gravitational force.
  • the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to an upward repulsive force
  • the lower portion is subjected to an upward gravitational force
  • the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to an upward gravitational force
  • the lower portion is subjected to an upward repulsive force to suspend the vehicle.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be connected to the frame body 10 and extend downward.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to support the first magnetic levitation module 21, wherein the bogie frame 100 can include two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20,
  • two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 can be connected to the frame body 10, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 on the bogie frame 100 can be arranged in a form of left and right relative to the running wheel mounting opening 11, and the running wheel 201 is installed. Thereafter, the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 may be disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel 201.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes two oppositely disposed left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • a first magnetic levitation module 21 may be mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and during operation of the rail vehicle 2, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is subjected to the magnetic force of the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the track beam 300, through the first magnetic levitation module 21 and
  • the magnetic levitation of the bogie frame 100 can be achieved by the interaction between the two magnetic levitation modules 304.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has two symmetrical arrangements, so that the steering frame 100 receives a relatively uniform force, and the rail vehicle 2 can be maintained in a better state of magnetic levitation by adjusting the force of maintaining the magnetic levitation to avoid rollover. .
  • the driver mounting portion 30 has a driver mounting opening 31 extending in the left-right direction.
  • the drive member mounting opening 31, as the name suggests, can be used to mount the running wheel drive member 203, wherein the running wheel drive member 203 can be a motor or an engine or the like.
  • the shape of the driver mounting opening 31 is not limited and may be circular, semi-circular, rectangular, or the like. The above embodiments are of course only illustrative and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the application.
  • the driver mounting opening 31 may also extend in the front, rear, up and down, or other directions.
  • the driver mounting portion 30 is coupled to the frame body 10, and the driver mounting portion 30 has a driver mounting opening 31 extending in the left-right direction.
  • the running wheel drive member 203 can be mounted at the driving member mounting opening 31, and the running wheel driving member 203 can be coupled to the running wheel 201, so that the running wheel 201 can be driven to rotate by the running wheel driving member 203.
  • the driving member mounting portion 30 has a driving member mounting opening 31 for mounting the running wheel driving member 203, and the driving member mounting opening 31 extends in the left-right direction, that is, the running wheel driving member 203 can Mounted in the drive member mounting opening 31 in the left-right direction, the axis of the drive shaft of the running wheel drive member 203 can be set to the left-right direction, thereby providing a stable driving force to the running wheel 201.
  • the driving member mounting opening 31 extends in the left-right direction and communicates with the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • the running wheel mounting port 11 is in communication with the driving member mounting opening 31.
  • the driving member mounting opening 31 is coaxial with the running wheel 201, so that the running wheel driving member 203 can be directly connected to the running wheel 201, thereby reducing the intermediate transmission process. Energy loss.
  • the bogie frame 100 is integrally formed or integrally formed by welding.
  • the bogie frame 100 includes a frame body 10, a magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and a driver mounting portion 30. That is, the frame body 10, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and the driver mounting portion 30 are integrally formed or integrally formed by welding. It can be understood that each part of the bogie frame 100 is subjected to a large force, which is prone to breakage and crushing.
  • the integral molding or welding can make the connection between the components of the bogie frame 100 stable and improve the connection strength.
  • the bogie frame 100 may be integrally formed by a bolting, bolting, and welding mating connection.
  • the frame 10 has a rectangular shape and includes: a first connecting beam 12 , a second connecting beam 13 , a third connecting beam 14 and a fourth connecting beam 15 connected in series from end to end.
  • a connecting beam 12 and a third connecting beam 14 are opposite and the second connecting beam 13 and the fourth connecting beam 15 are opposite.
  • the bogie frame 100 further includes two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40, both of which are coupled to the frame body 10, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 are both from the left and right sides of the frame body 10.
  • the downward extension is for mounting the stabilizing wheel 202, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 are disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • the stabilizing wheel 202 mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 in which case a smaller turning radius can be allowed.
  • the running of the vehicle by the running wheel 201 has a smoother advantage over the operation of the electromagnetically driven vehicle.
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is coupled to the frame body 10 and extends downwardly.
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 can be used to mount the stabilizing wheel 202 , wherein the bogie frame 100 can include two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 .
  • the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 can be connected to the frame body 10, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 on the bogie frame 100 can be arranged in a form of left and right opposite to the running wheel mounting opening 11 on the running wheel 201.
  • the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 may be disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel 201.
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 includes two oppositely disposed left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11.
  • a stabilizing wheel 202 can be mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40.
  • the stabilizing wheel 202 can quickly adjust the rail vehicle 2 to a suitable position to maintain the rail vehicle
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is connected to the left and right sides of the frame body 10
  • the stabilizing wheel 202 functions as a guiding and stabilizing
  • the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is respectively disposed on the left and right sides, that is, the left and right sides of the frame body 10 Both sides have a stabilizing wheel 202, and the rail vehicle 2 can turn left or right.
  • the bogie 200 of the rail vehicle 2 includes a bogie frame 100, a running wheel 201, a running wheel drive member 203, a first magnetic levitation module 21, and a stabilizing wheel 202.
  • the bogie frame 100 is the bogie frame 100 of the aforementioned rail vehicle 2 .
  • the running wheel 201 and the magnetic drive cooperate to switch the driving form according to the vehicle speed, thereby improving the acceleration and reducing the energy loss.
  • the running wheel 201 is rotatably provided on the running wheel mounting opening 11, and the axis of the running wheel 201 extends in the left-right direction, and the lower end of the running wheel 201 extends downwardly to the running wheel. Mouth 11.
  • the running wheel drive member 203 is mounted on the drive member mounting portion 30, and the running wheel drive member 203 is coupled to the running wheel 201 for driving the running wheel 201 to rotate to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel in the front-rear direction.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 for suspending the rail vehicle 2.
  • the stabilizer wheel 202 is coupled to the stabilizer wheel mounting portion 40, and the axis of the stabilizer wheel 202 extends in the up and down direction.
  • the running wheel 201 functions as a support when the vehicle is stationary and running at a low speed, and the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to rotate to drive the rail vehicle 2 to move.
  • the magnetic driving member and the running wheel driving member 203 are relatively independent, for example, the running wheel driving member 203 can be operated, the magnetic driving member does not operate, or the magnetic driving member can be operated, and the running wheel driving member 203 does not operate. It is possible that the running wheel drive member 203 and the magnetic drive member operate simultaneously.
  • the acceleration of the rail vehicle 2 from the standstill may be that the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to move, and the running wheel 201 drives the overall acceleration motion of the rail vehicle 2. Since the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to accelerate faster and runs smoothly, the vehicle can quickly reach a predetermined speed (for example, 120 kilometers per hour), and the energy conversion rate is high, thereby saving energy and controlling cost.
  • the acceleration of the vehicle from the standstill can also be operated by the magnetic drive member and the running wheel drive member 203, so that the rail vehicle 2 has a greater acceleration, so that the rail vehicle 2 can reach the destination faster.
  • the rail vehicle 2 When the vehicle reaches a predetermined speed (for example, 120 kilometers per hour), continuing to use the running wheel drive affects the energy efficiency of the vehicle. Therefore, when the vehicle is running at a high speed, the rail vehicle 2 can be "suspended". At this time, the running wheel 201 When it is vacated, the rail vehicle 2 cannot be driven to continue to travel, and the running wheel driving member 203 can be turned off. At this time, the running resistance of the vehicle is small, the magnetic driving member is opened, and the rail vehicle 2 is driven by the magnetic driving member to move in the front-rear direction, and the operation is stable and the noise is relatively smooth. Low, and at this time the energy conversion rate is higher, which can further save energy.
  • a predetermined speed for example, 120 kilometers per hour
  • the running wheel 201 drives the vehicle to operate, and when the rail vehicle 2 needs to turn, the guiding and stabilizing are realized by the stabilizing wheel 202 mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40, at which time a smaller turning radius can be allowed.
  • the running of the vehicle by the running wheel 201 has a smoother advantage over the operation of the electromagnetically driven vehicle.
  • the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has a shape of a support arm extending in the up and down direction, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 is attached to the lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 may also be mounted on the upper end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, or the first magnetic levitation module 21 may be simultaneously mounted on the upper end portion and the lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20.
  • the upper surface of the side sill 23 is used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 will transmit an upward force to the framing body 10.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the upper surface of the side sill 23, the first magnetic levitation module 21 will be subjected to an upward attraction force, and since the lower longitudinal beam 23 is connected to the connecting arm 22, the attractive force received by the lower longitudinal beam 23 will be transmitted.
  • the connecting arm 22 is then transmitted to the bogie 200 to balance the gravity of the vehicle so that the vehicle is in a suspended state.
  • a rail vehicle 2 includes a vehicle body 400 and the aforementioned bogie 200 of the rail vehicle 2, wherein the vehicle body 400 is coupled to the bogie 200, and the vehicle body 400 is adapted to be towed by the bogie 200 along the rail .
  • the rail vehicle 2 starts smoothly, and the acceleration is fast, the energy loss is low, and the running cost can be reduced.
  • the bogie 200 further includes an hourglass spring 500 between the frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400, and the hourglass spring 500 is coupled to the frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400, respectively.
  • one end of the hourglass spring 500 is connected to the vehicle body 400, and the other end of the hourglass spring 500 is connected to the bogie frame 100.
  • vibration is inevitable, and the hourglass spring 500 is inevitable.
  • the vehicle can be buffered to carry the weight of the vehicle body 400 while also having a shock absorbing effect.
  • the space between the vehicle body 400 and the frame body 10 is not limited to being connected to the hourglass spring 500, and may be other elastic members, such as air springs.
  • the air spring has high vibration isolation efficiency, small volume, and easy installation.
  • the rail transit system 1 includes a rail beam 300 and a rail vehicle 2.
  • the track beam 300 has a second magnetic levitation module 304 thereon.
  • the rail vehicle 2 straddles the track beam 300, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is adapted to the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the running wheel 201 is adapted to be rollably supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, that is, at When the traveling wheel 201 is used for driving, the running wheel 201 is rollably supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, and in addition, the running wheel 201 can be lifted from the track beam 300 when the driving mode of the magnetic levitation is utilized.
  • the stabilizing wheel 202 is in contact with the side of the track beam 300 such that when the rail vehicle 2 turns, the track beam 300 gives a lateral force to the stabilizing wheel 202, and the stabilizing wheel 202 transmits the lateral force to the vehicle body 400 to make the vehicle turn smoothly.
  • At least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may be partially facing or completely facing each other.
  • the upward and downward force between the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 suspends the rail vehicle 2, so that the rail vehicle 2 only has friction with the air, and the rail vehicle 2 only needs to overcome the air resistance, and therefore, energy consumption Less, and can have a higher running speed.
  • the rail beam 300 includes a beam main body 301 and a beam top plate 303.
  • the beam top plate 303 is disposed on the beam main body 301 and extends in the same direction as the beam main body 301, and the left and right side edges of the beam top plate 303 can protrude from the beam main body 301. Left and right sides. That is, the upper portion of the section of the track beam 300 may be T-shaped.
  • a C-shaped groove is formed on the left and right side faces of the beam main body 301, and a support portion 302 is formed between the two C-shaped grooves, wherein the running wheel 201 is rollably supported on the upper surface of the beam main body 301.
  • the running wheel 201 travels on the beam main body 301.
  • the running wheel 201 is supported on the beam main body 301.
  • the running wheel 201 is vacated.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 includes two oppositely disposed left and right, and at least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 extends into the corresponding C-shaped groove. That is, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is adapted to extend into the C-shaped groove, and the second magnetic levitation module 304 is disposed in the C-shaped groove.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 is disposed on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and extends into the C-shaped groove, and the first The two magnetic levitation modules 304 are vertically opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21.
  • the running wheel 201 rolls along the upper surface of the track beam 300, and the support portion 302 functions as a support.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 are attracted to each other, which is equivalent to giving the rail vehicle 2 an upward force.
  • the rail vehicle 2 realizes magnetic levitation.
  • first magnetic levitation module 21 may include two oppositely disposed left and right sides, and the two first magnetic levitation modules 21 are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the beam main body 301.
  • At least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 of the present application may be located below the beam top plate 303.
  • the second magnetic levitation module 304 may be disposed on at least one of the beam main body 301 and the beam top plate 303.
  • a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the left-right direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides a horizontal direction to the first magnetic levitation module 21.
  • the lateral force experienced by the rail vehicle 2 is the only source of its horizontal stability, referred to as the "guide force.”
  • a horizontal guiding force acts on the vehicle to cause the vehicle to turn left or right. That is to say, when the rail vehicle 2 is traveling at a high speed, the rail vehicle 2 can smoothly pass the curve by the repulsive force or attraction between the second magnetic levitation module 304 and the first magnetic levitation module 21.
  • the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the left side repels the first magnetic levitation module 21 on the left side, that is, the force provided to the right of the rail vehicle 2 to steer the vehicle, or the rail vehicle 2 is turned to the left.
  • the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the right side repels the first magnetic levitation module 21 on the right side, that is, the leftward force provided to the rail vehicle 2 to steer the vehicle.
  • the rail vehicle 2 may also provide steering force by other means, such as a jet device.
  • At least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides a levitation force to the first magnetic levitation module 21. It can be understood that there is a magnetic force between the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the magnetic force is a levitation force. When the repulsion is balanced with the gravity of the vehicle, the vehicle is suspended.
  • the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and may be disposed to attract the reaction rail mounted on the rail beam 300 from below to provide a suspension force for the rail vehicle 2; guiding and stabilizing
  • the frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400 are connected by the hourglass spring 500 to support the weight of the vehicle body 400.
  • the driver mounting portion 30 is mounted on the frame body 10, mainly from the stability wheel 202. Supporting the action of the fixed traveling wheel drive member 203, the running wheel drive member 203 provides a driving force to the vehicle when the vehicle is traveling at a low speed, for example, by turning a corner with a small radius or entering or leaving the station.
  • the electromagnetic driving component 600 may further include a first electromagnetic driving module 601.
  • the second electromagnetic driving module 602 may be disposed on the track beam 300.
  • the first electromagnetic driving module 601 and the second electromagnetic driving module 602 are driven by the principle of a linear motor.
  • the rail vehicle 2 travels.
  • the equivalent of the stator of a rotating machine is called the primary; the equivalent of the rotor of a rotating machine is called the secondary.
  • the communication is carried out, and the secondary is linearly moved along the primary under the action of electromagnetic force.
  • the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is a secondary
  • the second electromagnetic driving module 602 is a primary
  • the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is mounted on a vehicle
  • the second electromagnetic driving module 602 is mounted on a track.
  • the vehicle moves linearly along the track beam 300.
  • the first electromagnetic drive module 601 can also be disposed at other locations on the rail vehicle 2, such as the floor of the vehicle body 400.
  • first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may implement suspension of the rail vehicle 2, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 and the second electromagnetic driving module 602 may drive the rail vehicle 2 to move.
  • the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is disposed in the vehicle in the present application, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is configured to cooperate with the track to drive the vehicle to travel by magnetic force, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 can be disposed on the bogie frame 100. In the above, it can also be placed at other positions on the vehicle body 400.
  • the structure and driving method in the prior art can be adopted.

Abstract

A bogie frame (100) and a bogie for a rail vehicle, a rail vehicle, and a rail transit system. The bogie frame (100) comprises: a frame body (10), the frame body (10) being provided with a travelling wheel mounting opening (11) which extends along an up-down direction and is used for mounting a travelling wheel (201); a magnetic levitation mounting part (20), the magnetic levitation mounting portion (20) being connected to the frame body (10) to mount a first magnetic levitation module (21); and a driving member mounting part (30), the driving member mounting part (30) being connected to the frame body (10), and the driving member mounting part (30) being used for mounting a travelling wheel driving member connected to the travelling wheel (201).

Description

转向架构架、转向架、轨道车辆和轨道交通系统Steering frame, bogie, rail vehicle and rail transit system
相关申请的交叉引用Cross-reference to related applications
本申请要求于2018年3月30日提交中国专利局、申请号为201810279476.1、申请名称为“转向架构架、转向架、轨道车辆和轨道交通系统”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。This application claims the priority of the Chinese patent application filed on March 30, 2018, the Chinese Patent Office, the application number is 201810279476.1, and the application name is "steering frame, bogie, rail vehicle and rail transit system". The citations are incorporated herein by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及车辆运输领域,具体涉及一种轨道车辆的转向架构架和具有其的轨道车辆的转向架以及具有该转向架的轨道车辆和具有该轨道车辆的轨道交通系统。The present application relates to the field of vehicle transportation, and in particular to a bogie frame of a rail vehicle and a bogie of the rail vehicle having the same, and a rail vehicle having the bogie and a rail transit system having the rail vehicle.
背景技术Background technique
相关技术中的用稳定轮导向的磁悬浮列车在启动的时候采用磁驱动,列车上的支撑轮较小,仅起到支撑的作用。然而在车速较慢的情况下,磁力转化率较低,加速较慢,因此采用磁驱动会造成大量的能源损耗,不利于成本控制。In the related art, the magnetic levitation train guided by the stable wheel is magnetically driven at the time of starting, and the support wheel on the train is small, and only serves as a support. However, in the case of a slower speed, the magnetic conversion rate is lower and the acceleration is slower. Therefore, the use of magnetic drive causes a large amount of energy loss, which is not conducive to cost control.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本申请旨在至少在一定程度上解决上述技术问题之一。The present application aims to solve at least one of the above technical problems to some extent.
为此,本申请第一方面在于提供一种轨道车辆的转向架构架,该轨道车辆的转向架构架能够使车辆运行平稳。To this end, the first aspect of the present application is to provide a bogie frame for a rail vehicle, the bogie frame of which can make the vehicle run smoothly.
本申请第二方面在于提供一种轨道车辆的转向架,轨道车辆的转向架具有上述转向架构架。A second aspect of the present application is to provide a bogie for a rail vehicle having a bogie frame as described above.
本申请第三方面在于提供一种轨道车辆,该轨道车辆上设置了前述的转向架。A third aspect of the present application is to provide a rail vehicle on which the aforementioned bogie is disposed.
本申请第四方面在于提供一种轨道交通系统,该轨道交通系统包括上述轨道车辆。A fourth aspect of the present application is to provide a rail transit system including the above rail vehicle.
根据本申请第一方面实施例的轨道车辆的转向架构架,包括:包括:构架本体,所述构架本体上具有沿上下方向延伸的用于安装走行轮的走行轮安装口;磁悬浮安装部,所述磁悬浮安装部与所述构架本体相连用于安装第一磁悬浮模块;驱动件安装部,所述驱动件安装部与所述构架本体相连,所述驱动件安装部用于安装与走行轮相连的走行轮驱动件。A bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to the first aspect of the present application includes: a frame body having a running wheel mounting port extending in an up-and-down direction for mounting a running wheel; a magnetic suspension mounting portion The magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body for mounting a first magnetic levitation module; a driving member mounting portion, the driving member mounting portion is connected to the frame body, and the driving member mounting portion is configured to be connected to the running wheel Walking wheel drive.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆的转向架构架,该轨道车辆的转向架构架能够使车辆运行平稳。According to the bogie frame of the rail vehicle according to the embodiment of the present application, the bogie frame of the rail vehicle can make the vehicle run smoothly.
另外,根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆的转向架构架,还可以具有如下附加的技术特征:In addition, the bogie frame of the rail vehicle according to the embodiment of the present application may further have the following additional technical features:
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述磁悬浮安装部呈托臂形状,所述磁悬浮安装部与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸。According to an embodiment of the present application, the magnetic levitation mounting portion has a shape of a support arm, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body and extends downward.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述磁悬浮安装部包括:连接臂,所述连接臂与所述构架 本体相连并向下延伸;下纵梁,所述下纵梁沿前后方向延伸,且所述下纵梁与所述连接臂的下端相连,所述下纵梁用于安装第一磁悬浮模块。According to an embodiment of the present application, the magnetic levitation mounting portion includes: a connecting arm connected to the frame body and extending downward; a side sill, the lower sill extends in a front-rear direction, and the A lower side member is coupled to the lower end of the connecting arm for mounting the first magnetic levitation module.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述连接臂为两个,两个连接臂在前后方向上相对于所述走行轮安装口对称设置,两个连接臂的上端均与构架本体相连,两个连接臂的下端分别与所述下纵梁的两端相连。According to an embodiment of the present application, the connecting arms are two, and the two connecting arms are symmetrically disposed in the front-rear direction with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the upper ends of the two connecting arms are connected to the frame body, and the two connections are The lower ends of the arms are respectively connected to both ends of the lower longitudinal beam.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述连接臂呈“C”字型,所述连接臂的上端与所述构架本体相连,且所述连接臂的下端连接所述下纵梁。According to an embodiment of the present application, the connecting arm has a "C" shape, an upper end of the connecting arm is connected to the frame body, and a lower end of the connecting arm is connected to the lower longitudinal beam.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述连接臂的下端设有沿前后方向延伸的支腿,所述支腿与对应的所述下纵梁相连。According to an embodiment of the present application, the lower end of the connecting arm is provided with legs extending in the front-rear direction, and the legs are connected to the corresponding lower longitudinal members.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述连接臂上设有通孔,所述连接臂上设有沿左右方向贯穿所述连接臂的通孔。According to an embodiment of the present application, the connecting arm is provided with a through hole, and the connecting arm is provided with a through hole penetrating the connecting arm in the left and right direction.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述转向架构架包括两个所述磁悬浮安装部,两个所述磁悬浮安装部分别位于所述构架本体的左右两侧,且关于所述走行轮安装口左右相对设置。According to an embodiment of the present application, the bogie frame includes two of the magnetic levitation mounting portions, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions are respectively located at left and right sides of the frame body, and the left and right opposite sides of the running wheel mounting port Settings.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述驱动件安装部具有沿左右方向延伸的驱动件安装口。According to an embodiment of the present application, the driver mounting portion has a driver mounting opening extending in the left-right direction.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述驱动件安装口沿左右方向延伸并连通所述走行轮安装口。According to an embodiment of the present application, the driving member mounting opening extends in the left-right direction and communicates with the running wheel mounting opening.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述转向架构架一体成型或通过焊接形成为一体。According to an embodiment of the present application, the bogie frame is integrally formed or integrally formed by welding.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述构架本体呈矩形且包括:首尾依次连接的第一连接梁、第二连接梁、第三连接梁和第四连接梁,所述第一连接梁和所述第三连接梁相对且所述第二连接梁和所述第四连接梁相对。According to an embodiment of the present application, the frame body is rectangular and includes: a first connecting beam, a second connecting beam, a third connecting beam and a fourth connecting beam which are connected end to end, the first connecting beam and the The third connecting beam is opposite and the second connecting beam and the fourth connecting beam are opposite.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述转向架构架还包括:两个稳定轮安装部,两个所述稳定轮安装部均与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸用于安装稳定轮,两个所述稳定轮安装部相对于所述走行轮安装口相对设置。According to an embodiment of the present application, the bogie frame further includes: two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, each of the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions being connected to the frame body and extending downward for mounting a stabilizing wheel, two The stabilizing wheel mounting portion is disposed opposite to the running wheel mounting opening.
根据本申请第二方面实施例的轨道车辆的转向架,包括:转向架构架,所述转向架构架为上述的轨道车辆的转向架构架;走行轮,所述走行轮可旋转地设于所述走行轮安装口,且所述走行轮的轴线沿左右方向延伸,所述走行轮的下端向下伸出所述走行轮安装口;走行轮驱动件,所述走行轮驱动件安装于所述驱动件安装部,且所述走行轮驱动件与所述走行轮相连,所述走行轮驱动件用于驱动所述走行轮旋转以驱动轨道车辆沿前后方向行进;第一磁悬浮模块,所述第一磁悬浮模块安装于所述磁悬浮安装部。A bogie of a rail vehicle according to an embodiment of the second aspect of the present application, comprising: a bogie frame, wherein the bogie frame is a bogie frame of the rail vehicle, and a running wheel, the road wheel is rotatably disposed on the bogie a running wheel mounting port, wherein an axis of the running wheel extends in a left-right direction, a lower end of the running wheel extends downwardly from the running wheel mounting port; a running wheel driving member, the running wheel driving member is mounted on the driving a mounting portion, and the running wheel driving member is connected to the running wheel, the running wheel driving member is configured to drive the running wheel to rotate to drive the rail vehicle to travel in a front-rear direction; the first magnetic levitation module, the first A magnetic levitation module is mounted to the magnetic levitation mounting portion.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆的转向架,磁悬浮行进与走行轮行进相结合,可以减少能量的损耗。According to the bogie of the rail vehicle according to the embodiment of the present application, the magnetic levitation travel combined with the travel of the running wheel can reduce the loss of energy.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第一磁悬浮模块安装于所述磁悬浮安装部的下端部的 上表面。According to an embodiment of the present application, the first magnetic levitation module is mounted on an upper surface of a lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述转向架构架还包括两个稳定轮安装部,两个所述稳定轮安装部均与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸用于安装稳定轮,两个所述稳定轮安装部相对于所述走行轮安装口左右相对设置,所述稳定轮安装部上安装有稳定轮,且所述稳定轮的轴线沿上下方向延伸。According to an embodiment of the present application, the bogie frame further includes two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions are respectively connected to the frame body and extend downward for mounting a stabilizing wheel. The stabilizing wheel mounting portion is disposed opposite to the left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion is mounted with a stabilizing wheel, and the axis of the stabilizing wheel extends in the up and down direction.
根据本申请的第三方面实施例的轨道车辆,包括车体和前述轨道车辆的转向架,所述车体与所述转向架相连且由所述转向架牵引沿轨道行驶。A rail vehicle according to a third aspect of the present application includes a vehicle body and a bogie of the aforementioned rail vehicle, the vehicle body being coupled to the bogie and being towed along the rail by the bogie.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆,用上述转向架驱动轨道车辆,可以提高加速度,减小运行成本。According to the rail vehicle of the embodiment of the present application, the above-described bogie is used to drive the rail vehicle, which can increase the acceleration and reduce the running cost.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述转向架还包括沙漏簧,所述沙漏簧位于所述构架本体与所述车体之间,所述沙漏簧分别与所述构架本体和所述车体相连。According to an embodiment of the present application, the bogie further includes an hourglass spring, the hourglass spring is located between the frame body and the vehicle body, and the hourglass spring is respectively connected to the frame body and the vehicle body .
根据本申请第四方面实施例的轨道交通系统,包括:轨道梁,所述轨道梁上具有第二磁悬浮模块;轨道车辆,所述轨道车辆跨坐于所述轨道梁上,所述轨道车辆上述的轨道车辆,所述第一磁悬浮模块与所述第二磁悬浮模块相适配用于使所述轨道车辆悬浮,所述走行轮适于可滚动地支撑于所述轨道梁的上表面。A rail transit system according to an embodiment of the fourth aspect of the present application, comprising: a track beam having a second magnetic levitation module thereon; a rail vehicle, the rail vehicle straddles the rail beam, the rail vehicle a rail vehicle, the first magnetic levitation module being adapted to suspend the rail vehicle, the running wheel being adapted to be rollably supported on an upper surface of the rail beam.
根据本申请实施例的轨道交通系统,可以提高轨道车辆的加速度,并且能耗低,运行成本较低。According to the rail transit system of the embodiment of the present application, the acceleration of the rail vehicle can be improved, and the energy consumption is low, and the running cost is low.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述轨道交通系统还包括:电磁驱动件,所述电磁驱动件包括第一电磁驱动模块和第二电磁驱动模块,所述第一电磁驱动模块与所述轨道车辆相连,所述第二电磁驱动模块与所述轨道梁相连。According to an embodiment of the present application, the rail transit system further includes: an electromagnetic driving member including a first electromagnetic driving module and a second electromagnetic driving module, the first electromagnetic driving module and the rail vehicle Connected, the second electromagnetic drive module is coupled to the track beam.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在上下方向上相对以使所述第二磁悬浮模块对所述第一磁悬浮模块提供沿上下方向的作用力。According to an embodiment of the present application, at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in an up-and-down direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide an upward and downward direction to the first magnetic levitation module. force.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述轨道梁包括:梁主体;梁顶板,所述梁顶板设于所述梁主体上并与所述梁主体同向延伸,所述梁顶板的左右侧边伸出所述梁主体的左右侧面。According to an embodiment of the present application, the track beam comprises: a beam body; a beam top plate, the beam top plate is disposed on the beam body and extends in the same direction as the beam body, and the left and right sides of the beam top plate extend The left and right sides of the beam body are out.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第一磁悬浮模块的至少一部分位于所述梁顶板的下方。According to an embodiment of the present application, at least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module is located below the beam top plate.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第一磁悬浮模块包括左右相对设置的两个,且两个所述第一磁悬浮模块分别设置于所述梁主体的左右两侧。According to an embodiment of the present application, the first magnetic levitation module includes two oppositely disposed left and right sides, and two of the first magnetic levitation modules are respectively disposed on left and right sides of the beam body.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第二磁悬浮模块设于所述梁主体和所述梁顶板中的至少一个上。According to an embodiment of the present application, the second magnetic levitation module is disposed on at least one of the beam body and the beam top plate.
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在左右方向上相对以使所述第二磁悬浮模块对所述第一磁悬浮模块提供水平方向的导向 力。According to an embodiment of the present application, at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in a left-right direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide a horizontal guiding force to the first magnetic levitation module. .
根据本申请的一个实施例,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在上下方向上相对以使所述第二磁悬浮模块对所述第一磁悬浮模块提供上下方向的悬浮力。According to an embodiment of the present application, at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module in an up-and-down direction to enable the second magnetic levitation module to provide an up-and-down levitation force to the first magnetic levitation module. .
本申请的附加方面和优点将在下面的描述中部分给出,部分将从下面的描述中变得明显,或通过本申请的实践了解到。Additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows.
附图说明DRAWINGS
本申请的上述和/或附加的方面和优点从结合下面附图对实施例的描述中将变得明显和容易理解,其中:The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present application will become apparent and readily understood from
图1是根据本申请一个实施例的转向架构架的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of a bogie frame according to an embodiment of the present application;
图2是根据本申请一个实施例的磁悬浮安装部的结构示意图;2 is a schematic structural view of a magnetic levitation mounting portion according to an embodiment of the present application;
图3是根据本申请一个实施例的转向架构架与轨道梁的结合示意图;3 is a schematic view showing the combination of a bogie frame and a track beam according to an embodiment of the present application;
图4是根据本申请一个实施例的轨道交通系统的结构示意图。4 is a schematic structural view of a rail transit system according to an embodiment of the present application.
附图标记:Reference mark:
轨道交通系统1,Rail transit system 1,
转向架构架100, Steering frame 100,
构架本体10,走行轮安装口11,第一连接梁12,第二连接梁13,第三连接梁14,第四连接梁15,The frame body 10, the running wheel mounting opening 11, the first connecting beam 12, the second connecting beam 13, the third connecting beam 14, and the fourth connecting beam 15,
磁悬浮安装部20,第一磁悬浮模块21,连接臂22,通孔221,下纵梁23,支腿24,Magnetic suspension mounting portion 20, first magnetic suspension module 21, connecting arm 22, through hole 221, lower longitudinal beam 23, leg 24,
驱动件安装部30,驱动件安装口31, Driver mounting portion 30, driver mounting port 31,
稳定轮安装部40,Stabilizing the wheel mounting portion 40,
轨道车辆2,车体400,沙漏簧500, Rail vehicle 2, car body 400, hourglass spring 500,
转向架200,走行轮201,稳定轮202,走行轮驱动件203,The bogie 200, the running wheel 201, the stabilizing wheel 202, the running wheel driving member 203,
轨道梁300,梁主体301,支撑部302,梁顶板303,第二磁悬浮模块304, Track beam 300, beam body 301, support portion 302, beam top plate 303, second magnetic levitation module 304,
电磁驱动件600,第一电磁驱动模块601,第二电磁驱动模块602。The electromagnetic driving component 600, the first electromagnetic driving module 601, and the second electromagnetic driving module 602.
具体实施方式detailed description
相关技术中的用稳定轮导向的磁悬浮列车在启动的时候采用磁驱动,列车上的支撑轮较小,仅起到支撑的作用。然而在车速较慢的情况下,磁力转化率较低,加速较慢,因此 采用磁驱动会造成大量的能源损耗,不利于成本控制。In the related art, the magnetic levitation train guided by the stable wheel is magnetically driven at the time of starting, and the support wheel on the train is small, and only serves as a support. However, in the case of a slower speed, the magnetic conversion rate is lower and the acceleration is slower. Therefore, the use of magnetic drive causes a large amount of energy loss, which is not conducive to cost control.
为了解决上述问题,本申请提出了一种轨道交通的转向架构架100,下面参照图1至图3描述根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2的转向架构架100。In order to solve the above problems, the present application proposes a bogie frame 100 for rail transit, and a bogie frame 100 of a rail vehicle 2 according to an embodiment of the present application will be described below with reference to FIGS.
下面详细描述本申请的实施例,所述实施例的示例在附图中示出,其中自始至终相同或类似的标号表示相同或类似的元件或具有相同或类似功能的元件。下面通过参考附图描述的实施例是示例性的,旨在用于解释本申请,而不能理解为对本申请的限制。The embodiments of the present application are described in detail below, and the examples of the embodiments are illustrated in the drawings, wherein the same or similar reference numerals are used to refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar functions. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are intended to be illustrative, and are not to be construed as limiting.
如图1所示,该转向架构架100大体可以包括:构架本体10、磁悬浮安装部20和驱动件安装部30。As shown in FIG. 1, the bogie frame 100 can generally include a frame body 10, a magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and a driver mounting portion 30.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2的转向架构架100,通过设置构架本体10,且构架本体10上具有用于安装走行轮201的走行轮安装口11,结构稳定,可以使车辆运行平稳。According to the bogie frame 100 of the rail vehicle 2 of the embodiment of the present application, the frame body 10 is provided, and the frame body 10 has a running wheel mounting port 11 for mounting the running wheel 201, and the structure is stable, so that the vehicle can run smoothly.
具体而言,如图1结合图3所示,构架本体10上具有沿上下方向延伸的用于安装走行轮201的走行轮安装口11,在具有该构架本体10的轨道车辆2中,走行轮201可滚动地安装在该走行轮安装口11处,在轨道车辆2运行过程中,走行轮201支撑在轨道梁300的上表面上,且走行轮201可以滚动,因此,可以通过驱动走行轮201滚动来驱动轨道车辆2行进。构架本体10的内部用于安装走行轮201,走行轮201起到支撑和驱动的作用。Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 3, the frame body 10 has a running wheel mounting opening 11 for mounting the running wheel 201 extending in the up and down direction. In the rail vehicle 2 having the frame body 10, the running wheel 201 is rotatably mounted at the running wheel mounting opening 11. During the operation of the rail vehicle 2, the running wheel 201 is supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, and the running wheel 201 can be rolled, so that the running wheel 201 can be driven by Rolling to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel. The inside of the frame body 10 is used to mount the running wheel 201, and the running wheel 201 functions as a support and drive.
另外,走行轮201可以安装在构架本体10的中部,结构稳定合理。In addition, the running wheel 201 can be installed in the middle of the frame body 10, and the structure is stable and reasonable.
此外,磁悬浮安装部20与构架本体10相连,磁悬浮安装部20可以用于安装第一磁悬浮模块21,而且在轨道梁300上设置第二磁悬浮模块304,通过第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304之间的相互作用来维持轨道车辆2的悬浮状态。例如可以是第一磁悬浮模块21与第二磁悬浮模块304通过相互吸引来维持轨道车辆2的悬浮状态;也可以是第一磁悬浮模块21与第二磁悬浮模块304通过相互排斥来维持轨道车辆2的悬浮状态;还可以是第一磁悬浮模块21的一部分与第二磁悬浮模块304的一部分通过相互吸引、第一磁悬浮模块21的另一部分与第二磁悬浮模块304的另一部分通过相互排斥共同维持轨道车辆2的悬浮状态。In addition, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is coupled to the frame body 10, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21, and the second magnetic levitation module 304 is disposed on the track beam 300, through the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module The interaction between 304 maintains the suspended state of the rail vehicle 2. For example, the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may be in contact with each other to maintain the floating state of the rail vehicle 2; or the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may mutually maintain the suspension of the rail vehicle 2 by mutual exclusion. a state; it is also possible that a portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 and a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 are attracted to each other, and another portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 and another portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 are mutually repelled to maintain the rail vehicle 2 Floating state.
驱动件安装部30与构架本体10相连,驱动件安装部30用于安装与走行轮201相连的走行轮驱动件203,从而可以通过安装于驱动件安装部30上的走行轮驱动件203来驱动走行轮201旋转,以驱动轨道车辆2行进,另外,本申请中的驱动件安装部30可以安装走行轮驱动件203的一部分(例如转轴)。The driving member mounting portion 30 is connected to the frame body 10, and the driving member mounting portion 30 is for mounting the running wheel driving member 203 connected to the running wheel 201 so as to be driven by the running wheel driving member 203 mounted on the driving member mounting portion 30. The running wheel 201 rotates to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel, and in addition, the driving member mounting portion 30 in the present application can mount a part of the running wheel driving member 203 (for example, a rotating shaft).
也就是说,构架本体10的内部限定出具有安装走行轮201的空间,构架本体10将磁悬浮安装部20、驱动件安装部30连接形成为一个整体,可以通过走行轮201和磁力驱动方式的结合来驱动车辆行进。That is, the inside of the frame body 10 defines a space having the running wheel 201. The frame body 10 connects the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the driving member mounting portion 30 as a whole, and can be combined by the running wheel 201 and the magnetic driving method. To drive the vehicle to travel.
磁悬浮安装部20处安装的第一磁悬浮模块21与轨道上的第二磁悬浮模块304的相互 作用可以提供使车辆悬浮的力,车辆和/或轨道上还具有磁力驱动车辆行进或制动的电磁驱动件600,这样,就可以通过走行轮201和磁力驱动方式的结合来驱动车辆行进,换言之,可以通过走行轮201和电磁驱动件600中的至少一个来对车辆进行驱动或者制动。对于用于驱动车辆行进等的电磁驱动件600,可以采用现有技术中的结构。The interaction of the first magnetic levitation module 21 mounted at the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 with the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the track can provide a force to suspend the vehicle, and the vehicle and/or the track also has an electromagnetic drive that magnetically drives the vehicle to travel or brake. The piece 600 is such that the vehicle can be driven by the combination of the running wheel 201 and the magnetic drive mode, in other words, the vehicle can be driven or braked by at least one of the running wheel 201 and the electromagnetic drive 600. For the electromagnetic driving member 600 for driving the traveling of the vehicle or the like, a structure in the prior art can be employed.
在轨道车辆2高速运行时,可以采用磁悬浮式的驱动方式,运行平稳,噪声低,速度等级高,在车辆低速运行时,驱动形式可以为走行轮驱动件203驱动走行轮201,允许较小的转弯半径,运行平稳,节约能量。本申请是结合胶轮系统在低速时的平稳和转弯半径小的优点和磁悬浮系统高速运行时平稳,噪声低的优点而设计开发的。When the rail vehicle 2 is running at a high speed, the magnetic suspension type driving mode can be adopted, the operation is stable, the noise is low, and the speed grade is high. When the vehicle is running at a low speed, the driving form can drive the running wheel 201 for the running wheel driving member 203, allowing a smaller one. Turning radius, running smoothly and saving energy. The application is designed and developed in combination with the advantages of the smoothness and the small turning radius of the rubber wheel system at low speed and the smooth and low noise of the magnetic suspension system at high speed operation.
一些实施例中,磁悬浮安装部20可以为与构架本体10相连并向下延伸,其中,磁悬浮安装部20可以呈沿上下方向延伸的托臂形状,磁悬浮安装部20与构架本体10相连并向下延伸。其中,磁悬浮安装部20呈托臂形状是指,磁悬浮安装部20呈悬臂梁的形状,并且磁悬浮安装部20的自由端沿水平方向延伸以适于托住其他元件(例如第一磁悬浮模块21)。In some embodiments, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 may be connected to the frame body 10 and extend downward. The magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 may be in the shape of a carrier arm extending in the up and down direction. The magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is connected to the frame body 10 and downward. extend. Wherein, the magnetic suspension mounting portion 20 has a bracket shape, that is, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has a shape of a cantilever beam, and the free end of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 extends in a horizontal direction to be suitable for supporting other components (for example, the first magnetic levitation module 21) .
也就是说,构架本体10的内部限定出具有安装走行轮201的空间,构架本体10的左右两侧连接有稳定轮安装部40,构架本体10的左侧上方或右侧上方连接有驱动件安装部30,构架本体10的左侧和右侧的下方与磁悬浮安装部20连接,其中,磁悬浮安装部20和稳定轮安装部40都可以为左右对称设置的两个,这样,构架本体10将磁悬浮安装部20、驱动件安装部30和稳定轮安装部40连接形成为一个整体,结构合理,且空间利用率较高。In other words, the interior of the frame body 10 defines a space for mounting the running wheel 201. The left and right sides of the frame body 10 are connected with a stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40. The left side of the frame body 10 or the upper right side is connected with a driving member. The left side and the lower side of the frame body 10 are connected to the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, wherein the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 can be two symmetrically disposed, so that the frame body 10 will be magnetically suspended. The mounting portion 20, the driving member mounting portion 30, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 are integrally formed to be connected, have a reasonable structure, and have high space utilization.
一些实施例中,如图1结合图2所示,磁悬浮安装部20包括连接臂22和下纵梁23。连接臂22与构架本体10相连并向下延伸,下纵梁23沿前后方向延伸并与两个连接臂22的下端相连,其中,所述下纵梁23用于安装所述第一磁悬浮模块21。所述第一磁悬浮模块21包括一个或前后间隔布置的多个,第一磁悬浮模块21可以与下纵梁23焊接或铆接,每根下纵梁23上均可安装至少一个第一磁悬浮模块21,举例而言,第一磁悬浮模块21可以为一个、两个、三个或更多个,一个或多个第一磁悬浮模块21与第二磁悬浮模块304相互排斥或吸引以使得车辆悬浮。磁悬浮安装部20包括下纵梁23,下纵梁23上安装有第一磁悬浮模块21,磁悬浮安装部20将受到吸力或斥力的作用,其中,连接臂22起到连接下纵梁23和构架本体10的作用,同时连接臂22还是主要承力部件。In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 2, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes a connecting arm 22 and a side sill 23. The connecting arm 22 is connected to the frame body 10 and extends downward. The lower longitudinal beam 23 extends in the front-rear direction and is connected to the lower ends of the two connecting arms 22, wherein the lower longitudinal beam 23 is used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21 . The first magnetic levitation module 21 includes one or a plurality of front and rear spaced apart ones, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 may be welded or riveted to the side sills 23, and each of the lower longitudinal beams 23 may be mounted with at least one first magnetic levitation module 21, For example, the first magnetic levitation modules 21 may be one, two, three or more, and the one or more first magnetic levitation modules 21 and the second magnetic levitation modules 304 repel or attract each other to suspend the vehicle. The magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes a lower longitudinal beam 23 on which the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to suction or repulsion, wherein the connecting arm 22 serves to connect the lower longitudinal beam 23 and the frame body. The role of 10, while the connecting arm 22 is still the main bearing member.
一些实施例中,连接臂22为两个,两个连接臂22在前后方向上相对于走行轮安装口11对称设置,两个连接臂22的上端均与构架本体10相连,且两个连接臂22的下端分别于下纵梁23的两端相连。In some embodiments, the connecting arms 22 are two, and the two connecting arms 22 are symmetrically disposed with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the front-rear direction. The upper ends of the two connecting arms 22 are connected to the frame body 10, and the two connecting arms are connected. The lower ends of the 22 are connected to the ends of the side sill 23, respectively.
具体而言,磁悬浮安装部20均包括关于走行轮安装口11前后相对布置的两个连接臂22,磁悬浮安装部20中的下纵梁23的两端分别与对应的两个连接臂22相连。两个磁悬浮 安装部20中的下纵梁23左右相对。连接臂22在前后方向上关于走行轮安装口11对称设置,而磁悬浮安装部20包括左右对称的两个,因此,连接臂22还在左右方向上相对于走行轮安装口11对称,连接臂22的上端与构架本体10相连,连接臂22的下端连接有下纵梁23,下纵梁23上安装有第一磁悬浮模块21,第一磁悬浮模块21将吸力或斥力传递给下纵梁23,这样连接臂22可以将下纵梁23受到的力分为四份均匀的传递给构架本体10,不会出现某一处受力过大的情况,使轨道车辆2运行稳定。Specifically, the magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 each include two connecting arms 22 disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11, and both ends of the side sill 23 in the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 are respectively connected to the corresponding two connecting arms 22. The side sills 23 of the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are opposed to each other. The connecting arm 22 is symmetrically disposed with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the front-rear direction, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes two symmetrical sides. Therefore, the connecting arm 22 is also symmetrical with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11 in the left-right direction, and the connecting arm 22 The upper end is connected to the frame body 10, the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is connected with a lower longitudinal beam 23, and the lower longitudinal beam 23 is mounted with a first magnetic levitation module 21, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 transmits suction or repulsion to the lower longitudinal beam 23, so that The connecting arm 22 can transmit the force received by the side sill 23 into four parts uniformly to the frame body 10, and the rail vehicle 2 can be stably operated without occurrence of excessive force at a certain place.
一些具体实施例中,如图1、图2结合图3所示,连接臂22呈“C”字型,连接臂22的上端与构架本体10相连,且连接臂22的下端连接下纵梁23。其中,连接臂22呈“C”字型是指连接臂22形状大体与字母“C”形状一致,例如连接臂22的形状可以为“匚”形。另外,连接臂22可以仅在一侧布置,也可以是左右对称设置的,以连接臂22左右对称布置为例,也就是说,左右两侧相对的C字型的连接臂22中间限定出了内部空间,轨道梁300安装于内部空间内,连接臂22左右两端“扣合”轨道梁300,这样,连接臂22沿着轨道梁300运动且不会脱离。In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 in conjunction with FIG. 3, the connecting arm 22 has a "C" shape, the upper end of the connecting arm 22 is connected to the frame body 10, and the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is connected to the lower longitudinal beam 23. . The shape of the connecting arm 22 in the "C" shape means that the shape of the connecting arm 22 is substantially the same as the shape of the letter "C". For example, the shape of the connecting arm 22 may be "匚". In addition, the connecting arms 22 may be arranged only on one side, or may be symmetrically disposed on the left and right sides, for example, the left and right symmetrical arrangement of the connecting arms 22, that is, the C-shaped connecting arms 22 opposite to each other on the left and right sides are defined in the middle. The inner space, the rail beam 300 is installed in the inner space, and the left and right ends of the connecting arm 22 "kuck" the rail beam 300, so that the connecting arm 22 moves along the rail beam 300 and does not disengage.
一些实施例中,如图1、图2和图3所示,连接臂22的下端设有沿前后方向延伸的支腿24,支腿24与对应的下纵梁23相连。由于轨道车辆2较重,而连接臂22作为主要承力件,需要保证支撑件与下纵梁23的连接稳定,避免出现安全事故。支腿24增大了连接臂22与下纵梁23的接触面积,使连接臂22和下纵梁23之间连接稳固,不易松脱。In some embodiments, as shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, the lower end of the connecting arm 22 is provided with legs 24 extending in the fore and aft direction, the legs 24 being connected to the corresponding lower longitudinal members 23. Since the rail vehicle 2 is heavy and the connecting arm 22 is the main bearing member, it is necessary to ensure the connection between the supporting member and the side sill 23 is stable to avoid a safety accident. The leg 24 increases the contact area between the connecting arm 22 and the side sill 23, so that the connection between the connecting arm 22 and the side sill 23 is stable and is not easy to loosen.
一个具体实施例中,如图2所示,连接臂22上设有通孔221,通孔221的一端延伸至连接臂22的内侧面,且通孔221的另一端延伸至连接臂22的外侧面。换句话说,连接臂22上设有沿左右方向贯通连接臂22的通孔221。一方面,在成型过程中,通孔221可以避免连接臂22内部出现气泡,另一方面,在轨道车辆2运行时,连接臂22部分会产生较多的热量,通过设置通孔221可以起到散热效果,延长了连接臂22的使用寿命。In a specific embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole 221, one end of the through hole 221 extends to the inner side of the connecting arm 22, and the other end of the through hole 221 extends to the outside of the connecting arm 22. side. In other words, the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole 221 penetrating the connecting arm 22 in the left-right direction. On the one hand, in the molding process, the through hole 221 can avoid the occurrence of air bubbles inside the connecting arm 22. On the other hand, when the rail vehicle 2 is running, the connecting arm 22 portion generates more heat, and the through hole 221 can be provided. The heat dissipation effect extends the service life of the connecting arm 22.
另外,在本申请的一些示例中,连接臂22上设有沿左右方向贯通连接臂22的通孔。Further, in some examples of the present application, the connecting arm 22 is provided with a through hole penetrating the connecting arm 22 in the left-right direction.
一些实施例中,转向架构架100包括两个磁悬浮安装部20,两个磁悬浮安装部20分别位于构架本体10的左右两侧,且两个磁悬浮安装部20关于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置。可以理解的是,两个磁悬浮安装部20都将受到磁力的作用,将两个磁悬浮安装部20左右相对设置可以使车辆左右受力均衡,避免了一侧受力过大出现侧翻的情况。当然,上述实施例仅是示意性的,并不能理解为对本申请保护范围的限制,例如,转向架构架100可以仅包括一个磁悬浮安装部20,例如,可以将上述左右两个磁悬浮安装部连接形成为一体结构,磁悬浮安装部关于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置有两个第一磁悬浮模块21。In some embodiments, the bogie frame 100 includes two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20, two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are respectively located on the left and right sides of the framing body 10, and two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11. It can be understood that both the magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 will be subjected to the action of the magnetic force, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are disposed opposite to each other to balance the force on the left and right sides of the vehicle, thereby avoiding the situation where the side is over-stressed and the side is turned over. The embodiments are of course only schematic and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the application. For example, the bogie frame 100 may include only one magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, for example, the left and right magnetic levitation mounting portions may be connected to form In the integrated structure, the magnetic levitation mounting portion is provided with two first magnetic levitation modules 21 on the left and right sides of the running wheel mounting opening 11.
一个具体实施例中,相对的两个磁悬浮安装部20的中部朝相互远离的方向凹陷。这样,两个磁悬浮安装部20之间具有较大的空间,可以用于容纳轨道梁300,并且,磁悬浮安装 部20的上下两部分均可以用来安装第一磁悬浮模块21,由此,磁悬浮安装部20的上下两部分可以受到相同或不同的力,也即磁悬浮安装部20的上部分与第二磁悬浮模块304之间存在斥力或者引力,磁悬浮安装部20的下部分与第二磁悬浮模块304之间存在斥力或者引力,例如,磁悬浮安装部20的上部受到向上的斥力,下部受到向上的引力,或者磁悬浮安装部20的上部受到向上的引力,下部受到向上的斥力,使车辆悬浮。In one embodiment, the central portions of the opposing two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 are recessed toward each other. Thus, there is a large space between the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20, which can be used to accommodate the track beam 300, and the upper and lower portions of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21, thereby mounting the magnetic levitation The upper and lower portions of the portion 20 may be subjected to the same or different forces, that is, there is a repulsive force or attraction between the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the lower portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 There is a repulsive force or a gravitational force. For example, the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to an upward repulsive force, the lower portion is subjected to an upward gravitational force, or the upper portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 is subjected to an upward gravitational force, and the lower portion is subjected to an upward repulsive force to suspend the vehicle.
如图2所示,磁悬浮安装部20可以与构架本体10相连并向下延伸,磁悬浮安装部20可以用于支撑第一磁悬浮模块21,其中,转向架构架100可以包括两个磁悬浮安装部20,或者说,构架本体10上可以连接两个磁悬浮安装部20,而转向架构架100上的两个磁悬浮安装部20可以布置成关于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置的形式,在走行轮201安装好后,两个磁悬浮安装部20可以关于走行轮201左右相对设置。As shown in FIG. 2, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be connected to the frame body 10 and extend downward. The magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 can be used to support the first magnetic levitation module 21, wherein the bogie frame 100 can include two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20, In other words, two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 can be connected to the frame body 10, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 on the bogie frame 100 can be arranged in a form of left and right relative to the running wheel mounting opening 11, and the running wheel 201 is installed. Thereafter, the two magnetic levitation mounting portions 20 may be disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel 201.
一些可选实施例中,磁悬浮安装部20包括关于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置的两个。在磁悬浮安装部20上可以安装第一磁悬浮模块21,在轨道车辆2运行过程中,第一磁悬浮模块21受到轨道梁300上的第二磁悬浮模块304的磁力作用,通过第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304的之间的相互作用来可以实现转向架构架100的磁悬浮。而且,磁悬浮安装部20具有左右对称布置的两个,这样,转向架构架100受到的力较为均匀,可以通过调整维持磁悬浮的力来保证轨道车辆2维持在磁悬浮的较好状态,避免发生侧翻。In some alternative embodiments, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 includes two oppositely disposed left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11. A first magnetic levitation module 21 may be mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and during operation of the rail vehicle 2, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is subjected to the magnetic force of the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the track beam 300, through the first magnetic levitation module 21 and The magnetic levitation of the bogie frame 100 can be achieved by the interaction between the two magnetic levitation modules 304. Moreover, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has two symmetrical arrangements, so that the steering frame 100 receives a relatively uniform force, and the rail vehicle 2 can be maintained in a better state of magnetic levitation by adjusting the force of maintaining the magnetic levitation to avoid rollover. .
可选地,驱动件安装部30具有沿左右方向延伸的驱动件安装口31。驱动件安装口31,顾名思义,可以用来安装走行轮驱动件203,其中,走行轮驱动件203可以是电机或发动机等。其中,驱动件安装口31的形状没有限制,可以是圆形、半圆形、矩形等。当然,上述实施例仅是示意性的,并不能理解为对本申请保护范围的限制。例如,驱动件安装口31也可以是沿前后、上下或其它方向延伸。Alternatively, the driver mounting portion 30 has a driver mounting opening 31 extending in the left-right direction. The drive member mounting opening 31, as the name suggests, can be used to mount the running wheel drive member 203, wherein the running wheel drive member 203 can be a motor or an engine or the like. The shape of the driver mounting opening 31 is not limited and may be circular, semi-circular, rectangular, or the like. The above embodiments are of course only illustrative and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the application. For example, the driver mounting opening 31 may also extend in the front, rear, up and down, or other directions.
如图1结合图3所示,驱动件安装部30与构架本体10相连,驱动件安装部30具有沿左右方向延伸的驱动件安装口31。在轨道车辆2中,可以将走行轮驱动件203安装在驱动件安装口31处,并将走行轮驱动件203与走行轮201连接,从而可以通过走行轮驱动件203驱动走行轮201旋转,进而驱动轨道车辆2行进或进行其它动作,驱动件安装部30具有用于安装走行轮驱动件203的驱动件安装口31,驱动件安装口31沿左右方向延伸,也就是说走行轮驱动件203可以沿左右方向的安装在驱动件安装口31内,可以将走行轮驱动件203的驱动轴的轴线设置为左右方向,从而对走行轮201提供稳定的驱动力。As shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 3, the driver mounting portion 30 is coupled to the frame body 10, and the driver mounting portion 30 has a driver mounting opening 31 extending in the left-right direction. In the rail vehicle 2, the running wheel drive member 203 can be mounted at the driving member mounting opening 31, and the running wheel driving member 203 can be coupled to the running wheel 201, so that the running wheel 201 can be driven to rotate by the running wheel driving member 203. Driving the rail vehicle 2 to travel or perform other actions, the driving member mounting portion 30 has a driving member mounting opening 31 for mounting the running wheel driving member 203, and the driving member mounting opening 31 extends in the left-right direction, that is, the running wheel driving member 203 can Mounted in the drive member mounting opening 31 in the left-right direction, the axis of the drive shaft of the running wheel drive member 203 can be set to the left-right direction, thereby providing a stable driving force to the running wheel 201.
一些实施例中,如图1所示,驱动件安装口31沿左右方向延伸并连通走行轮安装口11。走行轮安装口11与驱动件安装口31连通,一些实施例中,驱动件安装口31与走行轮201同轴,这样,走行轮驱动件203可以与走行轮201直接相连,减少了中间传动过程的能量损耗。In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1, the driving member mounting opening 31 extends in the left-right direction and communicates with the running wheel mounting opening 11. The running wheel mounting port 11 is in communication with the driving member mounting opening 31. In some embodiments, the driving member mounting opening 31 is coaxial with the running wheel 201, so that the running wheel driving member 203 can be directly connected to the running wheel 201, thereby reducing the intermediate transmission process. Energy loss.
可选地,转向架构架100一体成型或通过焊接形成为一体。其中,转向架构架100包括构架本体10、磁悬浮安装部20和驱动件安装部30,也就是说,构架本体10、磁悬浮安装部20和驱动件安装部30一体成型或通过焊接形成为一体。可以理解,转向架构架100的各部分都会承受较大的力,容易出现折断、压溃的情况,一体成型或焊接都可以使转向架构架100的各部件之间连接稳固,提高连接强度。当然,上述实施例仅是示意性的,并不能理解为对本申请保护范围的限制,例如,转向架构架100也可为螺栓连接、螺栓连接与焊接配合连接等连接方式形成为一体。Alternatively, the bogie frame 100 is integrally formed or integrally formed by welding. The bogie frame 100 includes a frame body 10, a magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and a driver mounting portion 30. That is, the frame body 10, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and the driver mounting portion 30 are integrally formed or integrally formed by welding. It can be understood that each part of the bogie frame 100 is subjected to a large force, which is prone to breakage and crushing. The integral molding or welding can make the connection between the components of the bogie frame 100 stable and improve the connection strength. Of course, the above embodiments are merely illustrative and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present application. For example, the bogie frame 100 may be integrally formed by a bolting, bolting, and welding mating connection.
一个可选实施例中,如图1所示,构架10本体呈矩形且包括:首尾依次连接的第一连接梁12、第二连接梁13、第三连接梁14和第四连接梁15,第一连接梁12和第三连接梁14相对且第二连接梁13和第四连接梁15相对。In an alternative embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1 , the frame 10 has a rectangular shape and includes: a first connecting beam 12 , a second connecting beam 13 , a third connecting beam 14 and a fourth connecting beam 15 connected in series from end to end. A connecting beam 12 and a third connecting beam 14 are opposite and the second connecting beam 13 and the fourth connecting beam 15 are opposite.
一些实施例中,转向架构架100还包括两个稳定轮安装部40,两个稳定轮安装部40均与构架本体10相连,且两个稳定轮安装部40均从构架本体10的左右两侧向下延伸用于安装稳定轮202,两个稳定轮安装部40相对于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置。轨道车辆2需要转弯时,导向和稳定通过安装在稳定轮安装部40上的稳定轮202实现,此时,可以允许较小的转弯半径。而且,低速时,由走行轮201带动车辆运行相较于电磁驱动车辆运行具有更加平稳的优点。In some embodiments, the bogie frame 100 further includes two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40, both of which are coupled to the frame body 10, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 are both from the left and right sides of the frame body 10. The downward extension is for mounting the stabilizing wheel 202, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 are disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11. When the rail vehicle 2 needs to turn, the guiding and stabilizing is achieved by the stabilizing wheel 202 mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40, in which case a smaller turning radius can be allowed. Moreover, at low speeds, the running of the vehicle by the running wheel 201 has a smoother advantage over the operation of the electromagnetically driven vehicle.
如图1所示,稳定轮安装部40与构架本体10相连并向下延伸,稳定轮安装部40可以用于安装稳定轮202,其中,转向架构架100可以包括两个稳定轮安装部40,或者说,构架本体10上可以连接两个稳定轮安装部40,而转向架构架100上的两个稳定轮安装部40可以布置成关于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置的形式,在走行轮201安装好后,两个稳定轮安装部40可以关于走行轮201左右相对设置。换言之,稳定轮安装部40包括相对于走行轮安装口11左右相对设置的两个。在稳定轮安装部40上可以安装稳定轮202,在轨道车辆2运行过程中,如果轨道车辆2的运行偏离轨道,稳定轮202可以快速地将轨道车辆2调整至合适的位置,从而维持轨道车辆2的稳定运行状态,稳定轮安装部40连接于构架本体10的左右两侧,稳定轮202起到导向和稳定的作用,左右两侧分别设置稳定轮安装部40,也即构架本体10的左右两侧均具有稳定轮202,轨道车辆2向左或向右转弯都可以实现。As shown in FIG. 1 , the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is coupled to the frame body 10 and extends downwardly. The stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 can be used to mount the stabilizing wheel 202 , wherein the bogie frame 100 can include two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 . In other words, the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 can be connected to the frame body 10, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 on the bogie frame 100 can be arranged in a form of left and right opposite to the running wheel mounting opening 11 on the running wheel 201. After installation, the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions 40 may be disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel 201. In other words, the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 includes two oppositely disposed left and right with respect to the running wheel mounting opening 11. A stabilizing wheel 202 can be mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40. During operation of the rail vehicle 2, if the operation of the rail vehicle 2 deviates from the orbit, the stabilizing wheel 202 can quickly adjust the rail vehicle 2 to a suitable position to maintain the rail vehicle In the stable running state of the second, the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is connected to the left and right sides of the frame body 10, the stabilizing wheel 202 functions as a guiding and stabilizing, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40 is respectively disposed on the left and right sides, that is, the left and right sides of the frame body 10 Both sides have a stabilizing wheel 202, and the rail vehicle 2 can turn left or right.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2的转向架200,如图1结合图3所示,包括转向架构架100、走行轮201、走行轮驱动件203、第一磁悬浮模块21和稳定轮202。其中,转向架构架100为前述轨道车辆2的转向架构架100。The bogie 200 of the rail vehicle 2 according to the embodiment of the present application, as shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 3, includes a bogie frame 100, a running wheel 201, a running wheel drive member 203, a first magnetic levitation module 21, and a stabilizing wheel 202. The bogie frame 100 is the bogie frame 100 of the aforementioned rail vehicle 2 .
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2的转向架200,走行轮201和磁力驱动共同作用,可以根据车速自由切换驱动形式,提高加速度,减少能量损耗。According to the bogie 200 of the rail vehicle 2 of the embodiment of the present application, the running wheel 201 and the magnetic drive cooperate to switch the driving form according to the vehicle speed, thereby improving the acceleration and reducing the energy loss.
具体而言,如图1和图3所示,走行轮201可旋转地设于走行轮安装口11,且走行轮201的轴线沿左右方向延伸,走行轮201的下端向下伸出走行轮安装口11。走行轮驱动件203安装在驱动件安装部30上,且走行轮驱动件203与走行轮201相连,走行轮驱动件203用于驱动走行轮201旋转以驱动轨道车辆2沿前后方向行进。第一磁悬浮模块21安装于磁悬浮安装部20上,第一磁悬浮模块21用于使轨道车辆2悬浮。稳定轮202与稳定轮安装部40相连,且稳定轮202的轴线沿上下方向延伸。Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the running wheel 201 is rotatably provided on the running wheel mounting opening 11, and the axis of the running wheel 201 extends in the left-right direction, and the lower end of the running wheel 201 extends downwardly to the running wheel. Mouth 11. The running wheel drive member 203 is mounted on the drive member mounting portion 30, and the running wheel drive member 203 is coupled to the running wheel 201 for driving the running wheel 201 to rotate to drive the rail vehicle 2 to travel in the front-rear direction. The first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 for suspending the rail vehicle 2. The stabilizer wheel 202 is coupled to the stabilizer wheel mounting portion 40, and the axis of the stabilizer wheel 202 extends in the up and down direction.
走行轮201在车辆静止和低速运行时起到支撑的作用,走行轮驱动件203驱动走行轮201旋转以带动轨道车辆2运动。其中,磁力驱动件与走行轮驱动件203相对独立的设置,例如,可以是走行轮驱动件203运转,磁力驱动件不运转;也可以是磁力驱动件运转,走行轮驱动件203不运转,还可以是走行轮驱动件203和磁力驱动件同时运转。The running wheel 201 functions as a support when the vehicle is stationary and running at a low speed, and the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to rotate to drive the rail vehicle 2 to move. Wherein, the magnetic driving member and the running wheel driving member 203 are relatively independent, for example, the running wheel driving member 203 can be operated, the magnetic driving member does not operate, or the magnetic driving member can be operated, and the running wheel driving member 203 does not operate. It is possible that the running wheel drive member 203 and the magnetic drive member operate simultaneously.
例如,轨道车辆2从静止开始加速可以是走行轮驱动件203驱动走行轮201运动,并由走行轮201带动轨道车辆2整体加速运动。由于走行轮驱动件203驱动走行轮201加速较快,且运行平稳,可以使车辆很快的达到预定速度(例如120千米每小时),且能量转化率较高,因此,可以节约能量,控制成本。当然,车辆由静止开始加速也可以由磁力驱动件和走行轮驱动件203共同运转,使轨道车辆2具有更大的加速度,使轨道车辆2可以较快的到达目的地。For example, the acceleration of the rail vehicle 2 from the standstill may be that the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to move, and the running wheel 201 drives the overall acceleration motion of the rail vehicle 2. Since the running wheel drive member 203 drives the running wheel 201 to accelerate faster and runs smoothly, the vehicle can quickly reach a predetermined speed (for example, 120 kilometers per hour), and the energy conversion rate is high, thereby saving energy and controlling cost. Of course, the acceleration of the vehicle from the standstill can also be operated by the magnetic drive member and the running wheel drive member 203, so that the rail vehicle 2 has a greater acceleration, so that the rail vehicle 2 can reach the destination faster.
当车辆到达预定速度(例如120千米每小时)后,继续采用走行轮驱动又会影响车辆的能效,因此,在车辆高速运行时,可以使轨道车辆2“悬浮”,此时,走行轮201腾空,无法驱动轨道车辆2继续行进,可以关闭走行轮驱动件203,此时车辆运行时阻力较小,打开磁力驱动件,通过磁力驱动件驱动轨道车辆2沿前后方向运动,运行平稳,噪声较低,且此时能量的转化率较高,可以进一步节约能源。When the vehicle reaches a predetermined speed (for example, 120 kilometers per hour), continuing to use the running wheel drive affects the energy efficiency of the vehicle. Therefore, when the vehicle is running at a high speed, the rail vehicle 2 can be "suspended". At this time, the running wheel 201 When it is vacated, the rail vehicle 2 cannot be driven to continue to travel, and the running wheel driving member 203 can be turned off. At this time, the running resistance of the vehicle is small, the magnetic driving member is opened, and the rail vehicle 2 is driven by the magnetic driving member to move in the front-rear direction, and the operation is stable and the noise is relatively smooth. Low, and at this time the energy conversion rate is higher, which can further save energy.
此外,车速较低时,走行轮201带动车辆运行,轨道车辆2需要转弯时,导向和稳定通过安装在稳定轮安装部40上的稳定轮202实现,此时,可以允许较小的转弯半径。而且,低速时,由走行轮201带动车辆运行相较于电磁驱动车辆运行具有更加平稳的优点。Further, when the vehicle speed is low, the running wheel 201 drives the vehicle to operate, and when the rail vehicle 2 needs to turn, the guiding and stabilizing are realized by the stabilizing wheel 202 mounted on the stabilizing wheel mounting portion 40, at which time a smaller turning radius can be allowed. Moreover, at low speeds, the running of the vehicle by the running wheel 201 has a smoother advantage over the operation of the electromagnetically driven vehicle.
一些实施例中,磁悬浮安装部20呈沿上下方向延伸托臂形状,第一磁悬浮模块21安装于磁悬浮安装部20的下端部。当然,第一磁悬浮模块21也可安装于磁悬浮安装部20的上端部,或者第一磁悬浮模块21同时安装于磁悬浮安装部20的上端部和下端部。In some embodiments, the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 has a shape of a support arm extending in the up and down direction, and the first magnetic levitation module 21 is attached to the lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20. Of course, the first magnetic levitation module 21 may also be mounted on the upper end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, or the first magnetic levitation module 21 may be simultaneously mounted on the upper end portion and the lower end portion of the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20.
一些可选实施例中,如图1和图2所示,下纵梁23的上表面用于安装第一磁悬浮模块21。可以理解的是,为了实现轨道车辆2的悬浮,第一磁悬浮模块21将会向构架本体10传递向上的力。将第一磁悬浮模块21安装于下纵梁23的上表面,第一磁悬浮模块21将受到向上的吸引力,由于下纵梁23与连接臂22连接,下纵梁23收到的吸引力将传递给连接臂22后传递给转向架200以平衡车辆的重力,使车辆处于悬浮状态。In some alternative embodiments, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, the upper surface of the side sill 23 is used to mount the first magnetic levitation module 21. It will be appreciated that in order to achieve suspension of the rail vehicle 2, the first magnetic levitation module 21 will transmit an upward force to the framing body 10. The first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the upper surface of the side sill 23, the first magnetic levitation module 21 will be subjected to an upward attraction force, and since the lower longitudinal beam 23 is connected to the connecting arm 22, the attractive force received by the lower longitudinal beam 23 will be transmitted. The connecting arm 22 is then transmitted to the bogie 200 to balance the gravity of the vehicle so that the vehicle is in a suspended state.
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2,包括车体400以及前述的轨道车辆2的转向架200,其中,车体400与转向架200相连,且车体400适于由转向架200牵引沿轨道行驶。A rail vehicle 2 according to an embodiment of the present application includes a vehicle body 400 and the aforementioned bogie 200 of the rail vehicle 2, wherein the vehicle body 400 is coupled to the bogie 200, and the vehicle body 400 is adapted to be towed by the bogie 200 along the rail .
根据本申请实施例的轨道车辆2,轨道车辆2启动平稳,且加速较快,能源损耗低,可以降低运行成本。According to the rail vehicle 2 of the embodiment of the present application, the rail vehicle 2 starts smoothly, and the acceleration is fast, the energy loss is low, and the running cost can be reduced.
一些实施例中,转向架200还包括沙漏簧500,沙漏簧500位于构架本体10与所述车体400之间,所述沙漏簧500分别与构架本体10和所述车体400相连。换句话说,所述沙漏簧500的一端连接于车体400,所述沙漏簧500的另一端与转向架构架100连接,轨道车辆2在运行过程中,不可避免的会出现震动,沙漏簧500可以给车辆缓冲,起到承载车体400重量,同时还具有减震效果。其中,车体400与构架本体10之间并不限于为沙漏簧500连接,也可为其它弹性件,例如空气弹簧等,空气弹簧的隔振效率非常高、体积小且容易安装。In some embodiments, the bogie 200 further includes an hourglass spring 500 between the frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400, and the hourglass spring 500 is coupled to the frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400, respectively. In other words, one end of the hourglass spring 500 is connected to the vehicle body 400, and the other end of the hourglass spring 500 is connected to the bogie frame 100. During the operation of the rail vehicle 2, vibration is inevitable, and the hourglass spring 500 is inevitable. The vehicle can be buffered to carry the weight of the vehicle body 400 while also having a shock absorbing effect. The space between the vehicle body 400 and the frame body 10 is not limited to being connected to the hourglass spring 500, and may be other elastic members, such as air springs. The air spring has high vibration isolation efficiency, small volume, and easy installation.
根据本申请实施例的轨道交通系统1,参照图3所示,包括轨道梁300和轨道车辆2。轨道梁300上具有第二磁悬浮模块304。所述轨道车辆2跨坐于轨道梁300上,第一磁悬浮模块21与第二磁悬浮模块304相适配,走行轮201适于可滚动地支撑于轨道梁300的上表面,也就是说,在利用走行轮201进行驱动时,走行轮201可滚动地支撑于轨道梁300的上表面,另外,在利用磁悬浮的驱动方式时,走行轮201可以从轨道梁300上抬起。The rail transit system 1 according to an embodiment of the present application, as shown in FIG. 3, includes a rail beam 300 and a rail vehicle 2. The track beam 300 has a second magnetic levitation module 304 thereon. The rail vehicle 2 straddles the track beam 300, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is adapted to the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the running wheel 201 is adapted to be rollably supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, that is, at When the traveling wheel 201 is used for driving, the running wheel 201 is rollably supported on the upper surface of the track beam 300, and in addition, the running wheel 201 can be lifted from the track beam 300 when the driving mode of the magnetic levitation is utilized.
结合前述具有稳定轮202的实施例,如图3所示,稳定轮202与轨道梁300的侧面接触,这样,轨道车辆2在转弯时,轨道梁300给予稳定轮202侧向的力,稳定轮202将侧向力传递给车体400,使车辆顺利转弯。In combination with the foregoing embodiment having the stabilizing wheel 202, as shown in FIG. 3, the stabilizing wheel 202 is in contact with the side of the track beam 300 such that when the rail vehicle 2 turns, the track beam 300 gives a lateral force to the stabilizing wheel 202, and the stabilizing wheel 202 transmits the lateral force to the vehicle body 400 to make the vehicle turn smoothly.
一些实施例中,如图1结合图3所示,第二磁悬浮模块304的至少一部分与第一磁悬浮模块21在上下方向上相对以使第二磁悬浮模块304对第一磁悬浮模块21提供沿上下方向的作用力。其中,第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304可以是一部分正对,也可以是完全正对。第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304之间上下方向的作用力使轨道车辆2悬浮,这样,轨道车辆2只与空气存在摩擦,轨道车辆2只需要克服空气阻力即可,因此,耗能较少,且可以具有较高的运行速度。In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 3, at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction. The force. The first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may be partially facing or completely facing each other. The upward and downward force between the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 suspends the rail vehicle 2, so that the rail vehicle 2 only has friction with the air, and the rail vehicle 2 only needs to overcome the air resistance, and therefore, energy consumption Less, and can have a higher running speed.
一些实施例中,轨道梁300包括梁主体301和梁顶板303,梁顶板303设于梁主体301上并与梁主体301同向延伸,而且梁顶板303的左右侧边可伸出梁主体301的左右侧面。也就是说,轨道梁300的截面的上部可以为T型。In some embodiments, the rail beam 300 includes a beam main body 301 and a beam top plate 303. The beam top plate 303 is disposed on the beam main body 301 and extends in the same direction as the beam main body 301, and the left and right side edges of the beam top plate 303 can protrude from the beam main body 301. Left and right sides. That is, the upper portion of the section of the track beam 300 may be T-shaped.
具体而言,梁主体301的左右侧面上形成有C形槽,两C形槽之间为支撑部302,其中,走行轮201可滚动地支撑于梁主体301的上表面。当车辆速度较慢时,走行轮201行走于梁主体301上,当车辆静止时,走行轮201支撑于梁主体301上,车辆速度较快时,走行轮201腾空。Specifically, a C-shaped groove is formed on the left and right side faces of the beam main body 301, and a support portion 302 is formed between the two C-shaped grooves, wherein the running wheel 201 is rollably supported on the upper surface of the beam main body 301. When the vehicle speed is slow, the running wheel 201 travels on the beam main body 301. When the vehicle is stationary, the running wheel 201 is supported on the beam main body 301. When the vehicle speed is fast, the running wheel 201 is vacated.
一些实施例中,第一磁悬浮模块21包括左右相对设置的两个,且第一磁悬浮模块21的至少一部分伸入对应的所述C形槽内。也就是说,第一磁悬浮模块21适于伸入C形槽,第二磁悬浮模块304设于C形槽,第一磁悬浮模块21设于磁悬浮安装部20上并伸入C形槽内,且第二磁悬浮模块304与第一磁悬浮模块21上下相对。走行轮201沿轨道梁300的上表面滚动,支撑部302起到支撑的作用。通入电流后,第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304之间相互吸引,相当于给予轨道车辆2向上的力,轨道车辆2的重力与向上的磁力平衡时轨道车辆2实现磁悬浮。In some embodiments, the first magnetic levitation module 21 includes two oppositely disposed left and right, and at least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 extends into the corresponding C-shaped groove. That is, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is adapted to extend into the C-shaped groove, and the second magnetic levitation module 304 is disposed in the C-shaped groove. The first magnetic levitation module 21 is disposed on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20 and extends into the C-shaped groove, and the first The two magnetic levitation modules 304 are vertically opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21. The running wheel 201 rolls along the upper surface of the track beam 300, and the support portion 302 functions as a support. After the current is supplied, the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 are attracted to each other, which is equivalent to giving the rail vehicle 2 an upward force. When the gravity of the rail vehicle 2 is balanced with the upward magnetic force, the rail vehicle 2 realizes magnetic levitation.
另外,第一磁悬浮模块21可以包括左右相对设置的两个,且两个第一磁悬浮模块21分别设置于梁主体301的左右两侧。In addition, the first magnetic levitation module 21 may include two oppositely disposed left and right sides, and the two first magnetic levitation modules 21 are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the beam main body 301.
本申请的第一磁悬浮模块21的至少一部分可以位于梁顶板303的下方。而第二磁悬浮模块304可以设于梁主体301和梁顶板303中的至少一个上。At least a portion of the first magnetic levitation module 21 of the present application may be located below the beam top plate 303. The second magnetic levitation module 304 may be disposed on at least one of the beam main body 301 and the beam top plate 303.
一个具体实施例中,如图1结合图3所示,第二磁悬浮模块304的一部分与第一磁悬浮模块21在左右方向上相对以使第二磁悬浮模块304对第一磁悬浮模块21提供水平方向的导向力。轨道车辆2所受的侧向力是其水平方向稳定性的唯一来源,称之为“导向力”。水平方向的导向力作用于车辆以使得车辆向左或向右转弯。也就是说,轨道车辆2在高速行进时,可以由第二磁悬浮模块304和第一磁悬浮模块21之间的斥力或吸引力使轨道车辆2顺利通过弯道。例如,轨道车辆2向右转弯时,左侧的第二磁悬浮模块304排斥左侧的第一磁悬浮模块21,也即提供给轨道车辆2向右的力使车辆转向,或者,轨道车辆2向左转弯时,右侧的第二磁悬浮模块304排斥右侧的第一磁悬浮模块21,也即提供给轨道车辆2向左的力使车辆转向。当然,上述实施例仅是示意性的,并不能理解为对本申请保护范围的限制,例如,轨道车辆2也可由其它装置(例如喷气装置)提供转向力。In a specific embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1 in conjunction with FIG. 3, a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposite to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the left-right direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides a horizontal direction to the first magnetic levitation module 21. Guiding force. The lateral force experienced by the rail vehicle 2 is the only source of its horizontal stability, referred to as the "guide force." A horizontal guiding force acts on the vehicle to cause the vehicle to turn left or right. That is to say, when the rail vehicle 2 is traveling at a high speed, the rail vehicle 2 can smoothly pass the curve by the repulsive force or attraction between the second magnetic levitation module 304 and the first magnetic levitation module 21. For example, when the rail vehicle 2 turns to the right, the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the left side repels the first magnetic levitation module 21 on the left side, that is, the force provided to the right of the rail vehicle 2 to steer the vehicle, or the rail vehicle 2 is turned to the left. At the time of the turn, the second magnetic levitation module 304 on the right side repels the first magnetic levitation module 21 on the right side, that is, the leftward force provided to the rail vehicle 2 to steer the vehicle. Of course, the above embodiments are merely illustrative and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the application, for example, the rail vehicle 2 may also provide steering force by other means, such as a jet device.
一些实施例中,第二磁悬浮模块304的至少一部分与第一磁悬浮模块21在上下方向上相对以使第二磁悬浮模块304对第一磁悬浮模块21提供悬浮力。可以理解的是,第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304之间存在磁力,此磁力即为悬浮力,当斥力与车辆的重力平衡时,车辆悬浮。In some embodiments, at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module 304 is opposed to the first magnetic levitation module 21 in the up and down direction such that the second magnetic levitation module 304 provides a levitation force to the first magnetic levitation module 21. It can be understood that there is a magnetic force between the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304, and the magnetic force is a levitation force. When the repulsion is balanced with the gravity of the vehicle, the vehicle is suspended.
在本申请的一个具体实施例中,第一磁悬浮模块21安装在磁悬浮安装部20上,可以设置成从下方吸引安装在轨道梁300上的反应轨,为轨道车辆2提供悬浮力;导向和稳定通过安装在稳定轮安装部40上的稳定轮202实现;构架本体10与车体400通过沙漏簧500连接,起到承载车体400重量;驱动件安装部30安装在构架本体10上,主要起支撑固定走行轮驱动件203的作用,走行轮驱动件203在车辆低速行驶时,例如通过转弯半径较小的弯道或进出站时,为车辆提供驱动力。In a specific embodiment of the present application, the first magnetic levitation module 21 is mounted on the magnetic levitation mounting portion 20, and may be disposed to attract the reaction rail mounted on the rail beam 300 from below to provide a suspension force for the rail vehicle 2; guiding and stabilizing The frame body 10 and the vehicle body 400 are connected by the hourglass spring 500 to support the weight of the vehicle body 400. The driver mounting portion 30 is mounted on the frame body 10, mainly from the stability wheel 202. Supporting the action of the fixed traveling wheel drive member 203, the running wheel drive member 203 provides a driving force to the vehicle when the vehicle is traveling at a low speed, for example, by turning a corner with a small radius or entering or leaving the station.
另外,电磁驱动件600还可以包括第一电磁驱动模块601,在轨道梁300上可以设置第二电磁驱动模块602,第一电磁驱动模块601和第二电磁驱动模块602运用直线电机的原理以驱动轨道车辆2行进。In addition, the electromagnetic driving component 600 may further include a first electromagnetic driving module 601. The second electromagnetic driving module 602 may be disposed on the track beam 300. The first electromagnetic driving module 601 and the second electromagnetic driving module 602 are driven by the principle of a linear motor. The rail vehicle 2 travels.
在直线电机中,相当于旋转电机定子的,叫初级;相当于旋转电机转子的,叫次级。初级中通以交流,次级就在电磁力的作用下沿着初级做直线运动。In a linear motor, the equivalent of the stator of a rotating machine is called the primary; the equivalent of the rotor of a rotating machine is called the secondary. In the primary, the communication is carried out, and the secondary is linearly moved along the primary under the action of electromagnetic force.
在本申请中,如图4所示,第一电磁驱动模块601作为次级,第二电磁驱动模块602作为初级,第一电磁驱动模块601安装于车辆上,第二电磁驱动模块602安装于轨道梁300上,车辆沿着轨道梁300做直线运动。In the present application, as shown in FIG. 4, the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is a secondary, the second electromagnetic driving module 602 is a primary, the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is mounted on a vehicle, and the second electromagnetic driving module 602 is mounted on a track. On the beam 300, the vehicle moves linearly along the track beam 300.
当然,第一电磁驱动模块601也可以设置于轨道车辆2上的其他位置,例如车体400地板上。Of course, the first electromagnetic drive module 601 can also be disposed at other locations on the rail vehicle 2, such as the floor of the vehicle body 400.
也就是说,第一磁悬浮模块21和第二磁悬浮模块304可以实现轨道车辆2的悬浮,第一电磁驱动模块601和第二电磁驱动模块602可以驱动轨道车辆2运动。That is, the first magnetic levitation module 21 and the second magnetic levitation module 304 may implement suspension of the rail vehicle 2, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 and the second electromagnetic driving module 602 may drive the rail vehicle 2 to move.
如前所述,本申请中的车辆中设置了第一电磁驱动模块601,第一电磁驱动模块601用于与轨道配合通过磁力驱动车辆行进,第一电磁驱动模块601可以设置于转向架构架100上,也可以设置于车体400上的其他位置。而对于第一电磁驱动模块601以及第二电磁驱动模块602,可以采用现有技术中的结构和驱动方式。As described above, the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is disposed in the vehicle in the present application, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 is configured to cooperate with the track to drive the vehicle to travel by magnetic force, and the first electromagnetic driving module 601 can be disposed on the bogie frame 100. In the above, it can also be placed at other positions on the vehicle body 400. For the first electromagnetic driving module 601 and the second electromagnetic driving module 602, the structure and driving method in the prior art can be adopted.
对于轨道交通系统1的其它构成(例如前述的磁力驱动结构)以及操作属于本领域普通技术人员所理解并容易获得的,在此不再进行赘述。Other configurations of the rail transit system 1 (e.g., the aforementioned magnetic drive structure) and operations are understood and readily available to those of ordinary skill in the art and will not be described herein.
在本说明书的描述中,参考术语“一个实施例”、“一些实施例”、“示例”、“具体示例”、或“一些示例”等的描述意指结合该实施例或示例描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点包含于本申请的至少一个实施例或示例中。在本说明书中,对上述术语的示意性表述不一定指的是相同的实施例或示例。而且,描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点可以在任何的一个或多个实施例或示例中以合适的方式结合。In the description of the present specification, the description with reference to the terms "one embodiment", "some embodiments", "example", "specific example", or "some examples" and the like means a specific feature described in connection with the embodiment or example. A structure, material or feature is included in at least one embodiment or example of the application. In the present specification, the schematic representation of the above terms does not necessarily mean the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in a suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
尽管上面已经示出和描述了本申请的实施例,可以理解的是,上述实施例是示例性的,不能理解为对本申请的限制,本领域的普通技术人员在不脱离本申请的原理和宗旨的情况下在本申请的范围内可以对上述实施例进行变化、修改、替换和变型。While the embodiments of the present application have been shown and described above, it is understood that the foregoing embodiments are illustrative and are not to be construed as Variations, modifications, alterations and variations of the above-described embodiments are possible within the scope of the present application.

Claims (27)

  1. 一种轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,包括:A bogie frame for a rail vehicle, comprising:
    构架本体,所述构架本体上具有沿上下方向延伸的用于安装走行轮的走行轮安装口;a frame body having a running wheel mounting port extending in an up and down direction for mounting a running wheel;
    磁悬浮安装部,所述磁悬浮安装部与所述构架本体相连用于安装第一磁悬浮模块;a magnetic levitation mounting portion, the magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body for mounting a first magnetic levitation module;
    驱动件安装部,所述驱动件安装部与所述构架本体相连,所述驱动件安装部用于安装与走行轮相连的走行轮驱动件。The driving member mounting portion is connected to the frame body, and the driving member mounting portion is for mounting a running wheel driving member connected to the running wheel.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述磁悬浮安装部呈托臂形状,所述磁悬浮安装部与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the magnetic levitation mounting portion is in the shape of a carrier arm, and the magnetic levitation mounting portion is connected to the frame body and extends downward.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述磁悬浮安装部包括:The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 2, wherein the magnetic levitation mounting portion comprises:
    连接臂,所述连接臂与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸;a connecting arm connected to the frame body and extending downward;
    下纵梁,所述下纵梁沿前后方向延伸,且所述下纵梁与所述连接臂的下端相连,所述下纵梁用于安装第一磁悬浮模块。a side sill, the lower sill extends in a front-rear direction, and the lower sill is connected to a lower end of the connecting arm, the lower sill is for mounting a first magnetic levitation module.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述连接臂为两个,两个连接臂在前后方向上相对于所述走行轮安装口对称设置,两个连接臂的上端均与构架本体相连,两个连接臂的下端分别与所述下纵梁的两端相连。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the connecting arms are two, and the two connecting arms are symmetrically disposed in the front-rear direction with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the two connecting arms are The upper ends are connected to the frame body, and the lower ends of the two connecting arms are respectively connected to the two ends of the lower longitudinal beam.
  5. 根据权利要求3或4所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述连接臂呈“C”字型,所述连接臂的上端与所述构架本体相连,且所述连接臂的下端连接所述下纵梁。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the connecting arm has a "C" shape, an upper end of the connecting arm is connected to the frame body, and the connecting arm is The lower end is connected to the lower longitudinal beam.
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述连接臂的下端设有沿前后方向延伸的支腿,所述支腿与对应的所述下纵梁相连。A bogie frame for a rail vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the lower end of the connecting arm is provided with legs extending in the front-rear direction, and the legs are connected to the corresponding lower side members.
  7. 根据权利要求3所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述连接臂上设有沿左右方向贯穿所述连接臂的通孔。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the connecting arm is provided with a through hole penetrating the connecting arm in the left-right direction.
  8. 根据权利要求1-4以及6、7中任一项所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述转向架构架包括两个所述磁悬浮安装部,两个所述磁悬浮安装部分别位于所述构架本体的左右两侧,且关于所述走行轮安装口相对设置。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the bogie frame comprises two of the magnetic levitation mounting portions, and the two magnetic levitation mounting portions respectively Located on the left and right sides of the frame body, and disposed opposite to the running wheel mounting opening.
  9. 根据权利要求1-4以及6、7中任一项所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述驱动件安装部具有沿左右方向延伸的驱动件安装口。A bogie frame for a rail vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said driving member mounting portion has a driving member mounting opening extending in a left-right direction.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述驱动件安装口沿左右方向延伸并连通所述走行轮安装口。A bogie frame for a rail vehicle according to claim 9, wherein said driving member mounting opening extends in a left-right direction and communicates with said running wheel mounting opening.
  11. 根据权利要求1-4以及6、7中任一项所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述转向架构架一体成型或通过焊接形成为一体。A bogie frame for a rail vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the bogie frame is integrally formed or integrally formed by welding.
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述构架本体呈矩 形且包括:首尾依次连接的第一连接梁、第二连接梁、第三连接梁和第四连接梁,所述第一连接梁和所述第三连接梁相对且所述第二连接梁和所述第四连接梁相对。The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to claim 11, wherein the frame body has a rectangular shape and includes: a first connecting beam, a second connecting beam, a third connecting beam and a fourth connecting beam which are connected end to end. The first connecting beam and the third connecting beam are opposite to each other and the second connecting beam and the fourth connecting beam are opposite.
  13. 根据权利要求1-4以及6、7中任一项所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架,其特征在于,所述转向架构架还包括:The bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the bogie frame further comprises:
    两个稳定轮安装部,两个所述稳定轮安装部均与所述构架本体相连并从构架本体的左右两侧向下延伸用于安装稳定轮,两个所述稳定轮安装部相对于所述走行轮安装口相对设置。Two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, two of the stabilizing wheel mounting portions are connected to the frame body and extend downward from left and right sides of the frame body for mounting a stabilizing wheel, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions are opposite to the The relative setting of the walking wheel mounting port is described.
  14. 一种轨道车辆的转向架,其特征在于,包括:A bogie for a rail vehicle, comprising:
    转向架构架,所述转向架构架为根据权利要求1-12中任一项所述的轨道车辆的转向架构架;a bogie frame, the bogie frame being a bogie frame of a rail vehicle according to any one of claims 1-12;
    走行轮,所述走行轮可旋转地设于所述走行轮安装口,且所述走行轮的轴线沿左右方向延伸;a running wheel, the running wheel is rotatably disposed at the running wheel mounting opening, and an axis of the running wheel extends in a left-right direction;
    走行轮驱动件,所述走行轮驱动件安装于所述驱动件安装部,且所述走行轮驱动件与所述走行轮相连,所述走行轮驱动件用于驱动所述走行轮旋转以驱动轨道车辆沿前后方向行进;a running wheel drive member, the running wheel drive member is mounted to the drive member mounting portion, and the running wheel drive member is coupled to the running wheel, the running wheel drive member for driving the running wheel to rotate to drive The rail vehicle travels in the front and rear direction;
    第一磁悬浮模块,所述第一磁悬浮模块安装于所述磁悬浮安装部。a first magnetic levitation module, the first magnetic levitation module being mounted to the magnetic levitation mounting portion.
  15. 根据权利要求14所述的轨道车辆的转向架,其特征在于,所述第一磁悬浮模块安装于所述磁悬浮安装部的下端部的上表面。A bogie for a rail vehicle according to claim 14, wherein said first magnetic levitation module is mounted on an upper surface of a lower end portion of said magnetic levitation mounting portion.
  16. 根据权利要求14所述的轨道车辆的转向架,其特征在于,所述转向架还包括两个稳定轮安装部,两个所述稳定轮安装部均与所述构架本体相连并向下延伸用于安装稳定轮,两个所述稳定轮安装部相对于所述走行轮安装口左右相对设置,所述稳定轮安装部上安装有稳定轮,且所述稳定轮的轴线沿上下方向延伸。The bogie of a rail vehicle according to claim 14, wherein the bogie further comprises two stabilizing wheel mounting portions, and the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions are connected to the frame body and extend downward. In the mounting of the stabilizing wheel, the two stabilizing wheel mounting portions are disposed opposite to each other with respect to the running wheel mounting port, and the stabilizing wheel mounting portion is mounted with a stabilizing wheel, and the axis of the stabilizing wheel extends in the up and down direction.
  17. 一种轨道车辆,其特征在于,包括:A rail vehicle characterized by comprising:
    车体;Car body
    根据权利要求14-16中任一项所述的转向架,所述车体与所述转向架相连,且车体适于由所述转向架牵引沿轨道行驶。A bogie according to any one of claims 14-16, wherein the body is coupled to the bogie and the body is adapted to be towed along the track by the bogie.
  18. 根据权利要求17所述的轨道车辆,其特征在于,所述转向架还包括沙漏簧,所述沙漏簧位于所述构架本体与所述车体之间,且所述沙漏簧分别与所述构架本体和所述车体相连。The rail vehicle according to claim 17, wherein said bogie further comprises an hourglass spring, said hourglass spring being located between said frame body and said vehicle body, and said hourglass spring and said frame respectively The body is connected to the vehicle body.
  19. 一种轨道交通系统,其特征在于,包括:A rail transit system characterized by comprising:
    轨道梁,所述轨道梁上具有第二磁悬浮模块;a track beam having a second magnetic levitation module thereon;
    轨道车辆,所述轨道车辆跨坐于所述轨道梁上,所述轨道车辆为根据权利要求17或 18所述的轨道车辆,所述第一磁悬浮模块与所述第二磁悬浮模块相适配用于使所述轨道车辆悬浮,所述走行轮适于可滚动地支撑于所述轨道梁的上表面。a rail vehicle, the rail vehicle straddles the rail beam, the rail vehicle is a rail vehicle according to claim 17 or 18, and the first magnetic levitation module is adapted to the second magnetic levitation module To suspend the rail vehicle, the running wheel is adapted to be rollably supported on an upper surface of the rail beam.
  20. 根据权利要求19所述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,还包括:The rail transit system of claim 19, further comprising:
    电磁驱动件,所述电磁驱动件包括第一电磁驱动模块和第二电磁驱动模块,所述第一电磁驱动模块与所述轨道车辆相连,所述第二电磁驱动模块与所述轨道梁相连。An electromagnetic driving member comprising a first electromagnetic driving module and a second electromagnetic driving module, the first electromagnetic driving module being connected to the rail vehicle, and the second electromagnetic driving module being connected to the rail beam.
  21. 根据权利要求19所述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在上下方向上相对。The rail transit system according to claim 19, wherein at least a portion of said second magnetic levitation module is opposed to said first magnetic levitation module in an up and down direction.
  22. 根据权利要求19述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述轨道梁包括:The rail transit system of claim 19 wherein said track beam comprises:
    梁主体;Beam body
    梁顶板,所述梁顶板设于所述梁主体上并与所述梁主体同向延伸,所述梁顶板的左右侧边伸出所述梁主体的左右侧面。The beam top plate is disposed on the beam main body and extends in the same direction as the beam main body, and the left and right side edges of the beam top plate protrude from left and right side surfaces of the beam main body.
  23. 根据权利要求22述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第一磁悬浮模块的至少一部分位于所述梁顶板的下方。The rail transit system of claim 22 wherein at least a portion of said first magnetic levitation module is located below said beam roof panel.
  24. 根据权利要求23述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第一磁悬浮模块包括左右相对设置的两个,且两个所述第一磁悬浮模块分别设置于所述梁主体的左右两侧。The rail transit system according to claim 23, wherein the first magnetic levitation module comprises two oppositely disposed left and right sides, and the two first magnetic levitation modules are respectively disposed on left and right sides of the beam body.
  25. 根据权利要求22述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第二磁悬浮模块设于所述梁主体和所述梁顶板中的至少一个上。The rail transit system of claim 22 wherein said second magnetic levitation module is disposed on at least one of said beam body and said beam top panel.
  26. 根据权利要求19所述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在左右方向上相对以使所述第二磁悬浮模块对所述第一磁悬浮模块提供水平方向的导向力。The rail transit system according to claim 19, wherein at least a portion of said second magnetic levitation module is opposite said first magnetic levitation module in a left-right direction such that said second magnetic levitation module pairs said first magnetic levitation The module provides a horizontal guiding force.
  27. 根据权利要求19-26中任一项所述的轨道交通系统,其特征在于,所述第二磁悬浮模块的至少一部分与所述第一磁悬浮模块在上下方向上相对以使所述第二磁悬浮模块对所述第一磁悬浮模块提供上下方向的悬浮力。The rail transit system according to any one of claims 19 to 26, wherein at least a portion of the second magnetic levitation module is opposed to the first magnetic levitation module in an up and down direction to cause the second magnetic levitation module The first magnetic levitation module is provided with a floating force in the up and down direction.
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