WO2018161395A1 - Adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler and processing method therefor and application thereof - Google Patents

Adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler and processing method therefor and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018161395A1
WO2018161395A1 PCT/CN2017/079569 CN2017079569W WO2018161395A1 WO 2018161395 A1 WO2018161395 A1 WO 2018161395A1 CN 2017079569 W CN2017079569 W CN 2017079569W WO 2018161395 A1 WO2018161395 A1 WO 2018161395A1
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Prior art keywords
conveyor belt
horizontal
slip
climbing
wheel
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PCT/CN2017/079569
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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杨李益
禹跃明
王玉龙
李秉璋
郑茗泽
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杨李益
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Publication of WO2018161395A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018161395A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of fruit and vegetable peeling, in particular to a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine and a processing method and application thereof.
  • the automatic peeling machine for fruits and vegetables is lacking, and the peeling technology is still relatively backward.
  • fruits and vegetables such as pepper, which are small in skin and hard in skin, the peeling effect of the existing peeling machine is not satisfactory.
  • Pepper is a commonly used seasoning, and now the market demand is very large.
  • the equipment is backward, the peeling efficiency is low, and the color protection is not carried out, and the pepper seed will change color.
  • the present invention provides a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine, which completes peeling once, has high efficiency, timely color protection, and does not change color of pepper seeds.
  • the invention also provides a processing method for a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine.
  • the invention also provides an application of a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine.
  • Fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine including non-slip climbing sling conveyor belt, non-slip horizontal shovel conveyor belt, brush wheel, water pump, pipeline and spray pipe
  • the anti-slip climbing shovel conveyor belt is located in the anti-skid horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt
  • the bottom surface of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt is a horizontal section
  • the anti-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt is installed above the rear end of the conveyor belt
  • the water pump is connected to the pipeline
  • the pipeline is connected to the spray pipe
  • the spray pipe is located on the non-slip climbing raft.
  • the spray nozzle of the spray pipe faces downward;
  • the first driving wheel and the first driven wheel are disposed at two ends of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt, and the first motor drives the brush wheel and the first driving wheel simultaneously through the tooth belt;
  • the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt is provided with two first guiding wheels, and the lower ends of the two first guiding wheels are at the same height as the lower ends of the first driving wheels;
  • Two ends of the non-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt are provided with a second driving wheel and a second driven wheel, and the second electric The machine drives the second driving wheel through the toothed belt;
  • the anti-skid horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt is provided with three second guiding wheels, wherein two second guiding wheels are located on the same vertical line as the two first guiding wheels;
  • the first driven wheel is erected in the first horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the first wheel axle, and each of the two side plates is provided with a first horizontal spring seat, and the first central rod of the first horizontal spring seat is worn Passing through the first axle, the first spring of the first horizontal spring seat abuts the first axle, and the first spring is sleeved outside the first center pole;
  • the second driven wheel is erected in the second horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the second wheel shaft, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two second horizontal spring seats, and the second center bar of the second horizontal spring seat Passing through the second axle, the second spring of the second horizontal spring seat is against the second axle, and the second spring is sleeved outside the second center pole;
  • the first guiding wheel is erected in the third vertical strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the third wheel axle, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two third vertical spring seats, and the third vertical spring seat
  • the three spring sleeves are outside the third center rod, and one end of the third center rod is provided with a right angle piece, the third spring is placed on the horizontal plane of the right angle piece, and the vertical surface of the right angle piece is installed at the end of the third axle.
  • the utility model further comprises a water tank provided with a pH probe, a drain valve and a circulating automatic valve, wherein the water tank is connected to the water pump through a circulating automatic valve, and a tap water automatic valve is arranged between the circulating automatic valve and the water pump.
  • a discharge port is also included, and the discharge port is provided with a filter.
  • control box that connects the cyclic automatic valve, the first motor, and the second motor.
  • the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belts are 2-8 and arranged equidistant along the machining direction, the number of the first motors is the same as that of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, and along the direction of advancement of the fruits and vegetables, each first motor The speed is decreasing.
  • the above method for processing a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine comprises the following steps:
  • control box opens the automatic circulation valve, and the spray pipe sprays water to protect the fruits and vegetables;
  • the brush wheel cleans the anti-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt, brushes the peel adhered to the non-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt, and also cleans the fruits and vegetables;
  • the filter at the discharge port retains the fruits and vegetables after peeling, and the peel falls.
  • the above-mentioned fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine is used for peeling and color-protecting pepper.
  • This fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine anti-skid climbing and sloping conveyor belt, non-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt with the same direction differential transmission, fruit and vegetable to achieve peeling, peeling, spray pipe spray water in time, color protection for fruits and vegetables, brush
  • the wheel cleans the anti-skid horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt, brushes the fruits and vegetables sticking to the non-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt, and also cleans the fruits and vegetables.
  • the fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine completes peeling once, has high efficiency, timely color protection, and does not change color of fruits and vegetables.
  • the first horizontal spring seat can automatically adjust the tension of the anti-skid level ⁇ conveyor belt; the second horizontal spring seat can automatically adjust the tension of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt; 2 second guide wheels and 2 first The guiding wheel is located on the same vertical line, and the third vertical spring seat can automatically adjust the height of the first guiding wheel, thereby adjusting the distance between the non-slip climbing belt and the non-slip horizontal belt; three spring seats To adjust the friction between fruits and vegetables together, just replace the springs with different strengths to achieve the ideal peeling effect on various fruits and vegetables.
  • the control box is automatically controlled centrally.
  • the control box is connected to the circulating automatic valve, the first motor and the second motor, and the color protection liquid can be recycled.
  • Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine of the present invention.
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1 with one side panel hidden.
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of Fig. 2;
  • Figure 4 is a plan view of the control box.
  • Figure 5 is a rear elevational view of Figure 1.
  • Fig. 6 is a perspective view of Fig. 5;
  • the fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine shown in Figures 1 to 6 includes a non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, a non-slip horizontal squeegee conveyor belt 2, a brush wheel 3, a water pump 4, a pipe 5 and a spray pipe 6,
  • the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 is located above the anti-skid horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt 2, the bottom surface of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 is a horizontal section, and the brush wheel 3 is mounted above the rear end of the non-slip horizontal ⁇ conveyor belt 2,
  • the water pump 4 is connected to the pipe 5, and the pipe 5 is connected to the spray pipe 6, and the spray pipe 6 is located between the non-slip climber conveyor belt 1 and the brush wheel 3, and the spray port of the spray pipe 6 faces downward.
  • the first driving wheel 7 and the first driven wheel 8 are provided at both ends of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1.
  • the first motor 9 drives the brush wheel 3 and the first driving wheel 7 simultaneously through the toothed belt.
  • the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1 is provided with two first guiding wheels 10, and the lower ends of the two first guiding wheels 10 are at the same height as the lower ends of the first driving wheels 7.
  • the second driving wheel 11 and the second driven wheel 12 are disposed at both ends of the anti-slip horizontal weft conveyor belt 2, and the second motor 13 drives the second driving wheel 11 through the toothed belt.
  • the non-slip horizontal weft conveyor belt 2 is provided with three second guide wheels 14, wherein the two second guide wheels 14 and the two first guide wheels 10 are in the same vertical line.
  • the first driven wheel 8 is erected in the first horizontal strip hole 17 of the frame side plate 16 through the first axle 15, and each of the two side plates 16 is provided with a first horizontal spring seat, the first horizontal spring seat
  • the first center rod 18 passes through the first axle 15, and the first spring 19 of the first horizontal spring seat abuts the first axle 15,
  • the first spring 19 is sleeved outside the first center rod 18;
  • the second driven wheel 12 is erected in the second horizontal strip hole 21 of the frame side plate 16 through the second axle 20, and the two side plates 16 are respectively provided with two second horizontal spring seats, and the second horizontal spring seat
  • the second center rod 22 passes through the second axle 20, the second spring 23 of the second horizontal spring seat abuts the second axle 20, and the second spring 23 fits over the second center rod 22.
  • the first guide wheel 10 is erected in the third vertical strip hole 25 of the frame side plate 16 through the third axle 24, and the two side plates 16 are respectively provided with two third vertical spring seats, and the third vertical
  • the third spring 26 of the straight spring seat is sleeved outside the third center rod 27, and one end of the third center rod 27 is provided with a right angle piece 28, and the third spring 26 is placed against the horizontal plane of the right angle piece 28, and the vertical surface of the right angle piece 28 is installed.
  • the third axle 24 At the end of the third axle 24.
  • a water tank 29 provided with a pH probe 40, a drain valve 41 and a circulation automatic valve 42, the water tank 29 is connected to the water pump 4 via a circulation automatic valve 42, and a tap water automatic valve 43 is provided between the circulation automatic valve 42 and the water pump 4. .
  • a discharge port 44 that is provided with a filter screen 45.
  • Non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 Non-slip horizontal shovel conveyor belt 2 are all materials that meet food safety and hygiene standards.
  • control box 46 that is coupled to the cycle automatic valve 42, the first motor 9 and the second motor 13.
  • the control box 46 is provided with: a conveyor belt inverter 30, a conveyor belt inverter 31, a circuit board 32, a trunking box 33, a pH controller 34, an automatic control valve switch 35, a main power switch 36, and a water pump controller 37. , programmable logic controller 38, terminal 39.
  • the first horizontal spring seat automatically adjusts the anti-skid level ⁇ conveyor belt 2 tension
  • the first The two horizontal spring seats automatically adjust the tension of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1, the two second guiding wheels 14 and the two first guiding wheels 10 are in the same vertical line
  • the third vertical spring seat automatically adjusts the first The height of the guide wheel 10, that is, the gap between the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1 and the non-slip horizontal squeegee conveyor belt 2, and the three spring seats jointly adjust the frictional force of the pepper peeling;
  • control box 46 opens the circulation automatic valve 42, and the spray pipe 6 sprays water to protect the pepper;
  • the brush wheel 3 cleans the non-slip horizontal crucible conveyor belt 2, brushes the pepper skin adhered to the non-slip horizontal crucible conveyor belt 2, and also cleans the pepper seeds;
  • the filter 45 of the discharge port 44 retains the pepper seed after peeling, and the pepper peel falls.
  • a plurality of non-slip climbing sling conveyor belts can be provided.
  • the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belts are five and arranged equidistantly along the machining direction, the first motor is five, and along the direction of the fruit and vegetable, the speeds of the five first motors are reduced, which can be achieved. Better peeling effect.

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

An adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler, a processing method therefor and an application thereof. The adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler comprises a skid-proof climbing twisting conveyor belt (1), a skid-proof horizontal twisting conveyor belt (2), a brush wheel (3), a water pump (4), a pipeline (5), and a spraying pipe (6). The skid-proof climbing twisting conveyor belt (1) is located above the skid-proof horizontal twisting conveyor belt (2), the bottom surface of the skid-proof climbing twisting conveyor belt (1) is a horizontal section; the brush wheel (3) is installed above the rear end of the skid-proof horizontal twisting conveyor belt (2); the water pump (4) is connected to the pipeline (5); the pipeline (5) is connected to the spraying pipe (6); the spraying pipe (6) is located between the skid-proof climbing twisting conveyor belt (1) and the brush wheel (3); and a water orifice of the spraying pipe (6) faces downwards. The adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler can complete peeling at a time, the efficiency is high, the color protection is performed in time, so that the color of pepper seeds is not changed.

Description

果蔬自适应脱皮机及其加工方法与应用Fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine and processing method and application thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及果蔬脱皮技术领域,具体涉及一种果蔬自适应脱皮机及其加工方法与应用。The invention relates to the technical field of fruit and vegetable peeling, in particular to a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine and a processing method and application thereof.
背景技术Background technique
目前,果蔬自动化脱皮机器较为缺乏,脱皮技术还较为落后,尤其像胡椒此类果实小,皮又硬的果蔬,现有的脱皮机脱皮效果差强人意,胡椒作为一种常用调料,现在市场需求非常大,但是目前对于胡椒的加工,设备落后,脱皮效率低,而且没有进行护色,胡椒籽会变色。At present, the automatic peeling machine for fruits and vegetables is lacking, and the peeling technology is still relatively backward. Especially for fruits and vegetables such as pepper, which are small in skin and hard in skin, the peeling effect of the existing peeling machine is not satisfactory. Pepper is a commonly used seasoning, and now the market demand is very large. However, at present, for the processing of pepper, the equipment is backward, the peeling efficiency is low, and the color protection is not carried out, and the pepper seed will change color.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为了解决上述的技术问题,本发明提供了一种果蔬自适应脱皮机,一次完成脱皮,效率高,护色及时,胡椒籽不变色。In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine, which completes peeling once, has high efficiency, timely color protection, and does not change color of pepper seeds.
本发明还提供了一种果蔬自适应脱皮机的加工方法。The invention also provides a processing method for a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine.
本发明还提供了一种果蔬自适应脱皮机的应用。The invention also provides an application of a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine.
本发明解决上述技术问题的方案如下:The solution to solve the above technical problem of the present invention is as follows:
果蔬自适应脱皮机,包括防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带、毛刷轮、水泵、管道和喷淋管,所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带位于防滑水平搓捻输送带上方,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的底面为水平段,防滑水平搓捻输送带的后端上方安装毛刷轮,水泵连接管道,管道连接喷淋管,喷淋管位于防滑爬坡搓捻输送带与毛刷轮之间,喷淋管的喷水口朝下;Fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine, including non-slip climbing sling conveyor belt, non-slip horizontal shovel conveyor belt, brush wheel, water pump, pipeline and spray pipe, the anti-slip climbing shovel conveyor belt is located in the anti-skid horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt Above, the bottom surface of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt is a horizontal section, the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt is installed above the rear end of the conveyor belt, the water pump is connected to the pipeline, the pipeline is connected to the spray pipe, and the spray pipe is located on the non-slip climbing raft. Between the belt and the brush wheel, the spray nozzle of the spray pipe faces downward;
所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的两端设有第一主动轮和第一从动轮,第一电机通过齿带同时驱动毛刷轮和第一主动轮;The first driving wheel and the first driven wheel are disposed at two ends of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt, and the first motor drives the brush wheel and the first driving wheel simultaneously through the tooth belt;
所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带设有2个第一导向轮,2个第一导向轮的下端与第一主动轮的下端处于相同高度;The non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt is provided with two first guiding wheels, and the lower ends of the two first guiding wheels are at the same height as the lower ends of the first driving wheels;
所述防滑水平搓捻输送带的两端设有第二主动轮和第二从动轮,第二电 机通过齿带驱动第二主动轮;Two ends of the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt are provided with a second driving wheel and a second driven wheel, and the second electric The machine drives the second driving wheel through the toothed belt;
所述防滑水平搓捻输送带设有3个第二导向轮,其中2个第二导向轮与2个第一导向轮位于同一竖直线;The anti-skid horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt is provided with three second guiding wheels, wherein two second guiding wheels are located on the same vertical line as the two first guiding wheels;
所述第一从动轮通过第一轮轴架设在机架侧板的第一水平条形孔内,两个侧板各设有一个第一水平弹簧座,第一水平弹簧座的第一中心杆穿过第一轮轴,第一水平弹簧座的第一弹簧顶着第一轮轴,第一弹簧套在第一中心杆外面;The first driven wheel is erected in the first horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the first wheel axle, and each of the two side plates is provided with a first horizontal spring seat, and the first central rod of the first horizontal spring seat is worn Passing through the first axle, the first spring of the first horizontal spring seat abuts the first axle, and the first spring is sleeved outside the first center pole;
所述第二从动轮通过第二轮轴架设在机架侧板的第二水平条形孔内,两个侧板各设有二个第二水平弹簧座,第二水平弹簧座的第二中心杆穿过第二轮轴,第二水平弹簧座的第二弹簧顶着第二轮轴,第二弹簧套在第二中心杆外面;The second driven wheel is erected in the second horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the second wheel shaft, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two second horizontal spring seats, and the second center bar of the second horizontal spring seat Passing through the second axle, the second spring of the second horizontal spring seat is against the second axle, and the second spring is sleeved outside the second center pole;
所述第一导向轮通过第三轮轴架设在机架侧板的第三竖直条形孔内,两个侧板各设有两个第三竖直弹簧座,第三竖直弹簧座的第三弹簧套在第三中心杆外面,第三中心杆的一端设有直角片,第三弹簧顶着直角片的水平面,直角片的竖直面安装在第三轮轴的末端。The first guiding wheel is erected in the third vertical strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the third wheel axle, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two third vertical spring seats, and the third vertical spring seat The three spring sleeves are outside the third center rod, and one end of the third center rod is provided with a right angle piece, the third spring is placed on the horizontal plane of the right angle piece, and the vertical surface of the right angle piece is installed at the end of the third axle.
还包括水箱,所述水箱设有pH探头、排水阀和循环自动阀,水箱通过循环自动阀连接水泵,循环自动阀与水泵之间设有自来水自动阀。The utility model further comprises a water tank provided with a pH probe, a drain valve and a circulating automatic valve, wherein the water tank is connected to the water pump through a circulating automatic valve, and a tap water automatic valve is arranged between the circulating automatic valve and the water pump.
还包括出料口,所述出料口设有过滤网。A discharge port is also included, and the discharge port is provided with a filter.
还包括控制箱,所述控制箱连接循环自动阀、第一电机和第二电机。Also included is a control box that connects the cyclic automatic valve, the first motor, and the second motor.
所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带为2-8个并沿着加工方向等距排列,第一电机的数量与防滑爬坡搓捻输送带相同,并且,沿着果蔬前进方向,各个第一电机的速度递减。The non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belts are 2-8 and arranged equidistant along the machining direction, the number of the first motors is the same as that of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, and along the direction of advancement of the fruits and vegetables, each first motor The speed is decreasing.
上述的果蔬自适应脱皮机的加工方法,包括以下步骤:The above method for processing a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine comprises the following steps:
(1)果蔬从进料口进入,防滑水平搓捻输送带带动果蔬向前传动,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带下端与防滑水平搓捻输送带上端的间隙,使果蔬只能单层通过; (1) Fruits and vegetables enter from the feeding port, the anti-skid level 搓捻 conveyor belt drives the fruit and vegetable forward transmission, the gap between the lower end of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt and the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, so that the fruits and vegetables can only pass through a single layer;
(2)防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带同向差速传送,对果蔬进行脱皮,第一水平弹簧座自动调整防滑水平搓捻输送带的张紧力,第二水平弹簧座自动调整防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的张紧力,2个第二导向轮与2个第一导向轮位于同一竖直线,第三竖直弹簧座自动调节第一导向轮的高度,即调节防滑爬坡搓捻输送带与防滑水平搓捻输送带之间的间隙,三个弹簧座共同调整果蔬脱皮的摩擦力;(2) Non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt in the same direction differential transmission, peeling fruits and vegetables, the first horizontal spring seat automatically adjusts the non-slip level 搓捻 conveyor belt tension, the second horizontal spring The seat automatically adjusts the tension of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, the two second guiding wheels are located in the same vertical line as the two first guiding wheels, and the third vertical spring seat automatically adjusts the height of the first guiding wheel, ie Adjusting the gap between the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt and the non-slip horizontal stern conveyor belt, and the three spring seats jointly adjust the frictional force of the peeling of fruits and vegetables;
(3)脱皮之后,控制箱打开循环自动阀,喷淋管喷水,对果蔬进行护色;(3) After peeling, the control box opens the automatic circulation valve, and the spray pipe sprays water to protect the fruits and vegetables;
(4)毛刷轮对防滑水平搓捻输送带进行清洁,把粘在防滑水平搓捻输送带的果皮刷起来,同时也对果蔬进行清洁;(4) The brush wheel cleans the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, brushes the peel adhered to the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, and also cleans the fruits and vegetables;
(5)出料口的过滤网留住脱皮之后的果蔬,果皮掉落。(5) The filter at the discharge port retains the fruits and vegetables after peeling, and the peel falls.
上述的果蔬自适应脱皮机的应用,用于对胡椒进行脱皮和护色。The above-mentioned fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine is used for peeling and color-protecting pepper.
本发明相对于现有技术具有如下的优点:The present invention has the following advantages over the prior art:
1、本果蔬自适应脱皮机,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带同向差速传送,果蔬实现脱皮,脱皮之后,喷淋管及时喷水,对果蔬护色,毛刷轮对防滑水平搓捻输送带进行清洁,把粘在防滑水平搓捻输送带的果蔬刷起来,同时也对果蔬进行清洁。本果蔬自适应脱皮机,一次完成脱皮,效率高,护色及时,果蔬不变色。1. This fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine, anti-skid climbing and sloping conveyor belt, non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt with the same direction differential transmission, fruit and vegetable to achieve peeling, peeling, spray pipe spray water in time, color protection for fruits and vegetables, brush The wheel cleans the anti-skid horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, brushes the fruits and vegetables sticking to the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, and also cleans the fruits and vegetables. The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine completes peeling once, has high efficiency, timely color protection, and does not change color of fruits and vegetables.
第一水平弹簧座可以自动调节防滑水平搓捻输送带的张紧力;第二水平弹簧座可以自动调节防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的张紧力;2个第二导向轮与2个第一导向轮位于同一竖直线,第三竖直弹簧座可自动调节第一导向轮的高度,即可调节防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带之间的距离;三个弹簧座共同调整果蔬脱皮的摩擦力,只需更换不同强度的弹簧,即可实现对各种果蔬的理想脱皮效果。The first horizontal spring seat can automatically adjust the tension of the anti-skid level 搓捻 conveyor belt; the second horizontal spring seat can automatically adjust the tension of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt; 2 second guide wheels and 2 first The guiding wheel is located on the same vertical line, and the third vertical spring seat can automatically adjust the height of the first guiding wheel, thereby adjusting the distance between the non-slip climbing belt and the non-slip horizontal belt; three spring seats To adjust the friction between fruits and vegetables together, just replace the springs with different strengths to achieve the ideal peeling effect on various fruits and vegetables.
2、控制箱集中自动控制,控制箱连接循环自动阀、第一电机和第二电机,护色液可以循环使用。2. The control box is automatically controlled centrally. The control box is connected to the circulating automatic valve, the first motor and the second motor, and the color protection liquid can be recycled.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图1是本发明的果蔬自适应脱皮机的主视图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine of the present invention.
图2是图1隐藏了一个侧板的平面图。Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1 with one side panel hidden.
图3是图2的立体图。Fig. 3 is a perspective view of Fig. 2;
图4是控制箱的平面图。Figure 4 is a plan view of the control box.
图5是图1的后视图。Figure 5 is a rear elevational view of Figure 1.
图6是图5的立体图。Fig. 6 is a perspective view of Fig. 5;
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步说明。The invention will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
实施例1:Example 1:
如图1-图6所示的果蔬自适应脱皮机,包括防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1、防滑水平搓捻输送带2、毛刷轮3、水泵4、管道5和喷淋管6,所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1位于防滑水平搓捻输送带2上方,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1的底面为水平段,防滑水平搓捻输送带2的后端上方安装毛刷轮3,水泵4连接管道5,管道5连接喷淋管6,喷淋管6位于防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1与毛刷轮3之间,喷淋管6的喷水口朝下。The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine shown in Figures 1 to 6 includes a non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, a non-slip horizontal squeegee conveyor belt 2, a brush wheel 3, a water pump 4, a pipe 5 and a spray pipe 6, The non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 is located above the anti-skid horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt 2, the bottom surface of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 is a horizontal section, and the brush wheel 3 is mounted above the rear end of the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt 2, The water pump 4 is connected to the pipe 5, and the pipe 5 is connected to the spray pipe 6, and the spray pipe 6 is located between the non-slip climber conveyor belt 1 and the brush wheel 3, and the spray port of the spray pipe 6 faces downward.
防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1的两端设有第一主动轮7和第一从动轮8,第一电机9通过齿带同时驱动毛刷轮3和第一主动轮7。The first driving wheel 7 and the first driven wheel 8 are provided at both ends of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1. The first motor 9 drives the brush wheel 3 and the first driving wheel 7 simultaneously through the toothed belt.
所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1设有2个第一导向轮10,2个第一导向轮10的下端与第一主动轮7的下端处于相同高度。The non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1 is provided with two first guiding wheels 10, and the lower ends of the two first guiding wheels 10 are at the same height as the lower ends of the first driving wheels 7.
所述防滑水平搓捻输送带2的两端设有第二主动轮11和第二从动轮12,第二电机13通过齿带驱动第二主动轮11。The second driving wheel 11 and the second driven wheel 12 are disposed at both ends of the anti-slip horizontal weft conveyor belt 2, and the second motor 13 drives the second driving wheel 11 through the toothed belt.
所述防滑水平搓捻输送带2设有3个第二导向轮14,其中2个第二导向轮14与2个第一导向轮10位于同一竖直线。The non-slip horizontal weft conveyor belt 2 is provided with three second guide wheels 14, wherein the two second guide wheels 14 and the two first guide wheels 10 are in the same vertical line.
所述第一从动轮8通过第一轮轴15架设在机架侧板16的第一水平条形孔17内,两个侧板16各设有一个第一水平弹簧座,第一水平弹簧座的第一中心杆18穿过第一轮轴15,第一水平弹簧座的第一弹簧19顶着第一轮轴15, 第一弹簧19套在第一中心杆18外面;The first driven wheel 8 is erected in the first horizontal strip hole 17 of the frame side plate 16 through the first axle 15, and each of the two side plates 16 is provided with a first horizontal spring seat, the first horizontal spring seat The first center rod 18 passes through the first axle 15, and the first spring 19 of the first horizontal spring seat abuts the first axle 15, The first spring 19 is sleeved outside the first center rod 18;
所述第二从动轮12通过第二轮轴20架设在机架侧板16的第二水平条形孔21内,两个侧板16各设有二个第二水平弹簧座,第二水平弹簧座的第二中心杆22穿过第二轮轴20,第二水平弹簧座的第二弹簧23顶着第二轮轴20,第二弹簧23套在第二中心杆22外面。The second driven wheel 12 is erected in the second horizontal strip hole 21 of the frame side plate 16 through the second axle 20, and the two side plates 16 are respectively provided with two second horizontal spring seats, and the second horizontal spring seat The second center rod 22 passes through the second axle 20, the second spring 23 of the second horizontal spring seat abuts the second axle 20, and the second spring 23 fits over the second center rod 22.
所述第一导向轮10通过第三轮轴24架设在机架侧板16的第三竖直条形孔25内,两个侧板16各设有两个第三竖直弹簧座,第三竖直弹簧座的第三弹簧26套在第三中心杆27外面,第三中心杆27的一端设有直角片28,第三弹簧26顶着直角片28的水平面,直角片28的竖直面安装在第三轮轴24的末端。The first guide wheel 10 is erected in the third vertical strip hole 25 of the frame side plate 16 through the third axle 24, and the two side plates 16 are respectively provided with two third vertical spring seats, and the third vertical The third spring 26 of the straight spring seat is sleeved outside the third center rod 27, and one end of the third center rod 27 is provided with a right angle piece 28, and the third spring 26 is placed against the horizontal plane of the right angle piece 28, and the vertical surface of the right angle piece 28 is installed. At the end of the third axle 24.
还包括水箱29,所述水箱29设有pH探头40、排水阀41和循环自动阀42,水箱29通过循环自动阀42连接水泵4,循环自动阀42与水泵4之间设有自来水自动阀43。Also included is a water tank 29 provided with a pH probe 40, a drain valve 41 and a circulation automatic valve 42, the water tank 29 is connected to the water pump 4 via a circulation automatic valve 42, and a tap water automatic valve 43 is provided between the circulation automatic valve 42 and the water pump 4. .
还包括出料口44,所述出料口44设有过滤网45。Also included is a discharge port 44 that is provided with a filter screen 45.
防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1、防滑水平搓捻输送带2均采用符合食品安全卫生规范的材料。Non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1, non-slip horizontal shovel conveyor belt 2 are all materials that meet food safety and hygiene standards.
还包括控制箱46,所述控制箱46连接循环自动阀42、第一电机9和第二电机13。Also included is a control box 46 that is coupled to the cycle automatic valve 42, the first motor 9 and the second motor 13.
控制箱46内设有:输送带变频器30、搓捻输送带变频器31、电路底板32、线槽盒33、pH控制器34、自动控制阀开关35、总电源开关36、水泵控制器37、可编程逻辑控制器38、接线端子39。The control box 46 is provided with: a conveyor belt inverter 30, a conveyor belt inverter 31, a circuit board 32, a trunking box 33, a pH controller 34, an automatic control valve switch 35, a main power switch 36, and a water pump controller 37. , programmable logic controller 38, terminal 39.
下面以胡椒为例子,来介绍果蔬自适应脱皮机的加工方法,包括以下步骤:The following takes pepper as an example to introduce the processing method of the fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine, including the following steps:
(1)胡椒从进料口进入,防滑水平搓捻输送带2带动胡椒向前传动,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1下端与防滑水平搓捻输送带2上端的间隙,使胡椒只能单层通过; (1) The pepper enters from the feeding port, the anti-skid level 搓捻 conveyor belt 2 drives the pepper forward transmission, the gap between the lower end of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1 and the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt 2, so that the pepper can only be single layer Pass
(2)防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1、防滑水平搓捻输送带2同向差速传送,对胡椒进行脱皮,第一水平弹簧座自动调整防滑水平搓捻输送带2的张紧力,第二水平弹簧座自动调整防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1的张紧力,2个第二导向轮14与2个第一导向轮10位于同一竖直线,第三竖直弹簧座自动调节第一导向轮10的高度,即调节防滑爬坡搓捻输送带1与防滑水平搓捻输送带2之间的间隙,三个弹簧座共同调整胡椒脱皮的摩擦力;(2) non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1, non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt 2 in the same direction differential transmission, peeling the pepper, the first horizontal spring seat automatically adjusts the anti-skid level 张 conveyor belt 2 tension, the first The two horizontal spring seats automatically adjust the tension of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt 1, the two second guiding wheels 14 and the two first guiding wheels 10 are in the same vertical line, and the third vertical spring seat automatically adjusts the first The height of the guide wheel 10, that is, the gap between the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt 1 and the non-slip horizontal squeegee conveyor belt 2, and the three spring seats jointly adjust the frictional force of the pepper peeling;
(3)脱皮之后,控制箱46打开循环自动阀42,喷淋管6喷水,对胡椒进行护色;(3) After peeling, the control box 46 opens the circulation automatic valve 42, and the spray pipe 6 sprays water to protect the pepper;
(4)毛刷轮3对防滑水平搓捻输送带2进行清洁,把粘在防滑水平搓捻输送带2的胡椒皮刷起来,同时也对胡椒籽进行清洁;(4) The brush wheel 3 cleans the non-slip horizontal crucible conveyor belt 2, brushes the pepper skin adhered to the non-slip horizontal crucible conveyor belt 2, and also cleans the pepper seeds;
(5)出料口44的过滤网45留住脱皮之后的胡椒籽,胡椒皮掉落。(5) The filter 45 of the discharge port 44 retains the pepper seed after peeling, and the pepper peel falls.
实施例2:Example 2:
为了达到更好的脱皮效果,可以设置多个防滑爬坡搓捻输送带。本实施例中,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带为5个并沿着加工方向等距排列,第一电机为5个,并且,沿着果蔬前进方向,5个第一电机的速度递减,可以达到更好的脱皮效果。In order to achieve a better peeling effect, a plurality of non-slip climbing sling conveyor belts can be provided. In this embodiment, the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belts are five and arranged equidistantly along the machining direction, the first motor is five, and along the direction of the fruit and vegetable, the speeds of the five first motors are reduced, which can be achieved. Better peeling effect.
上述为本发明较佳的实施方式,但本发明的实施方式并不受上述内容的限制,其他的任何未背离本发明的精神实质与原理下所作的改变、修饰、替代、组合、简化,均应为等效的置换方式,都包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 The above is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the above, and any other changes, modifications, substitutions, combinations, and simplifications made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Equivalent replacement means are included in the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 果蔬自适应脱皮机,其特征在于:包括防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带、毛刷轮、水泵、管道和喷淋管,所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带位于防滑水平搓捻输送带上方,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的底面为水平段,防滑水平搓捻输送带的后端上方安装毛刷轮,水泵连接管道,管道连接喷淋管,喷淋管位于防滑爬坡搓捻输送带与毛刷轮之间,喷淋管的喷水口朝下;The fruit and vegetable self-adaptive peeling machine is characterized in that it comprises a non-slip climbing concrete conveyor belt, a non-slip horizontal concrete conveyor belt, a brush wheel, a water pump, a pipeline and a spray pipe, and the anti-skid climbing concrete conveyor belt is located at a non-slip level. Above the conveyor belt, the bottom surface of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt is a horizontal section, the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt is installed above the rear end of the conveyor belt, the water pump is connected to the pipeline, the pipeline is connected to the spray pipe, and the spray pipe is located in the non-slip climbing Between the slope conveyor belt and the brush wheel, the spray nozzle of the spray pipe faces downward;
    所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的两端设有第一主动轮和第一从动轮,第一电机通过齿带同时驱动毛刷轮和第一主动轮;The first driving wheel and the first driven wheel are disposed at two ends of the non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt, and the first motor drives the brush wheel and the first driving wheel simultaneously through the tooth belt;
    所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带设有2个第一导向轮,2个第一导向轮的下端与第一主动轮的下端处于相同高度;The non-slip climbing stern conveyor belt is provided with two first guiding wheels, and the lower ends of the two first guiding wheels are at the same height as the lower ends of the first driving wheels;
    所述防滑水平搓捻输送带的两端设有第二主动轮和第二从动轮,第二电机通过齿带驱动第二主动轮;a second driving wheel and a second driven wheel are disposed at two ends of the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, and the second motor drives the second driving wheel through the tooth belt;
    所述防滑水平搓捻输送带设有3个第二导向轮,其中2个第二导向轮与2个第一导向轮位于同一竖直线;The anti-skid horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt is provided with three second guiding wheels, wherein two second guiding wheels are located on the same vertical line as the two first guiding wheels;
    所述第一从动轮通过第一轮轴架设在机架侧板的第一水平条形孔内,两个侧板各设有一个第一水平弹簧座,第一水平弹簧座的第一中心杆穿过第一轮轴,第一水平弹簧座的第一弹簧顶着第一轮轴,第一弹簧套在第一中心杆外面;The first driven wheel is erected in the first horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the first wheel axle, and each of the two side plates is provided with a first horizontal spring seat, and the first central rod of the first horizontal spring seat is worn Passing through the first axle, the first spring of the first horizontal spring seat abuts the first axle, and the first spring is sleeved outside the first center pole;
    所述第二从动轮通过第二轮轴架设在机架侧板的第二水平条形孔内,两个侧板各设有二个第二水平弹簧座,第二水平弹簧座的第二中心杆穿过第二轮轴,第二水平弹簧座的第二弹簧顶着第二轮轴,第二弹簧套在第二中心杆外面;The second driven wheel is erected in the second horizontal strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the second wheel shaft, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two second horizontal spring seats, and the second center bar of the second horizontal spring seat Passing through the second axle, the second spring of the second horizontal spring seat is against the second axle, and the second spring is sleeved outside the second center pole;
    所述第一导向轮通过第三轮轴架设在机架侧板的第三竖直条形孔内,两个侧板各设有两个第三竖直弹簧座,第三竖直弹簧座的第三弹簧套在第三中心杆外面,第三中心杆的一端设有直角片,第三弹簧顶着直角片的水平面,直角片的竖直面安装在第三轮轴的末端。The first guiding wheel is erected in the third vertical strip hole of the side plate of the frame through the third wheel axle, and the two side plates are respectively provided with two third vertical spring seats, and the third vertical spring seat The three spring sleeves are outside the third center rod, and one end of the third center rod is provided with a right angle piece, the third spring is placed on the horizontal plane of the right angle piece, and the vertical surface of the right angle piece is installed at the end of the third axle.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机,其特征在于:还包括水箱, 所述水箱设有pH探头、排水阀和循环自动阀,水箱通过循环自动阀连接水泵,循环自动阀与水泵之间设有自来水自动阀。The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 1, further comprising a water tank. The water tank is provided with a pH probe, a drain valve and a circulating automatic valve. The water tank is connected to the water pump through a circulating automatic valve, and a tap water automatic valve is arranged between the circulating automatic valve and the water pump.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机,其特征在于:还包括出料口,所述出料口设有过滤网。The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 2, further comprising a discharge port, wherein the discharge port is provided with a filter net.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机,其特征在于:还包括控制箱,所述控制箱连接循环自动阀、第一电机和第二电机。The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 3, further comprising a control box connected to the automatic circulation valve, the first motor and the second motor.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机,其特征在于:所述防滑爬坡搓捻输送带为2-8个并沿着加工方向等距排列,第一电机的数量与防滑爬坡搓捻输送带相同,并且,沿着果蔬前进方向,各个第一电机的速度递减。The fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 4, wherein the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt is 2-8 and arranged equidistant along the machining direction, the number of the first motor and the non-slip climbing raft. The 捻 conveyor belt is the same, and the speed of each of the first motors decreases as the direction of advancement of the fruit and vegetable.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机的加工方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:The method for processing a fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 4, comprising the steps of:
    (1)果蔬从进料口进入,防滑水平搓捻输送带带动果蔬向前传动,防滑爬坡搓捻输送带下端与防滑水平搓捻输送带上端的间隙,使果蔬只能单层通过;(1) Fruits and vegetables enter from the feeding port, the anti-skid level 搓捻 conveyor belt drives the fruit and vegetable forward transmission, the gap between the lower end of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt and the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, so that the fruits and vegetables can only pass through a single layer;
    (2)防滑爬坡搓捻输送带、防滑水平搓捻输送带同向差速传送,对果蔬进行脱皮,第一水平弹簧座自动调整防滑水平搓捻输送带的张紧力,第二水平弹簧座自动调整防滑爬坡搓捻输送带的张紧力,2个第二导向轮与2个第一导向轮位于同一竖直线,第三竖直弹簧座自动调节第一导向轮的高度,即调节防滑爬坡搓捻输送带与防滑水平搓捻输送带之间的间隙,三个弹簧座共同调整果蔬脱皮的摩擦力;(2) Non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt in the same direction differential transmission, peeling fruits and vegetables, the first horizontal spring seat automatically adjusts the non-slip level 搓捻 conveyor belt tension, the second horizontal spring The seat automatically adjusts the tension of the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt, the two second guiding wheels are located in the same vertical line as the two first guiding wheels, and the third vertical spring seat automatically adjusts the height of the first guiding wheel, ie Adjusting the gap between the non-slip climbing sloping conveyor belt and the non-slip horizontal stern conveyor belt, and the three spring seats jointly adjust the frictional force of the peeling of fruits and vegetables;
    (3)脱皮之后,控制箱打开循环自动阀,喷淋管喷水,对果蔬进行护色;(3) After peeling, the control box opens the automatic circulation valve, and the spray pipe sprays water to protect the fruits and vegetables;
    (4)毛刷轮对防滑水平搓捻输送带进行清洁,把粘在防滑水平搓捻输送带的果皮刷起来,同时也对果蔬进行清洁;(4) The brush wheel cleans the anti-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, brushes the peel adhered to the non-slip horizontal 搓捻 conveyor belt, and also cleans the fruits and vegetables;
    (5)出料口的过滤网留住脱皮之后的果蔬,果皮掉落。(5) The filter at the discharge port retains the fruits and vegetables after peeling, and the peel falls.
  7. 根据权利要求4所述的果蔬自适应脱皮机的应用,其特征在于:用于对胡椒进行脱皮和护色。 The invention relates to the application of the fruit and vegetable adaptive peeling machine according to claim 4, which is used for peeling and protecting the pepper.
PCT/CN2017/079569 2016-06-15 2017-04-06 Adaptive fruit and vegetable peeler and processing method therefor and application thereof WO2018161395A1 (en)

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