WO2018068362A1 - Deep-sea mining system - Google Patents

Deep-sea mining system Download PDF

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WO2018068362A1
WO2018068362A1 PCT/CN2016/106337 CN2016106337W WO2018068362A1 WO 2018068362 A1 WO2018068362 A1 WO 2018068362A1 CN 2016106337 W CN2016106337 W CN 2016106337W WO 2018068362 A1 WO2018068362 A1 WO 2018068362A1
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flexible hose
floating body
submarine
mining system
station
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PCT/CN2016/106337
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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阳宁
陈宇翔
肖剑宇
陈铭
于春亮
谢超
陈为
欧文
熊宏
郑金荣
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中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所
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Priority to CN201621112967.XU priority patent/CN206158747U/en
Application filed by 中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所 filed Critical 中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所
Publication of WO2018068362A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018068362A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C50/00Obtaining minerals from underwater, not otherwise provided for

Abstract

Disclosed is a deep-sea mining system (100), comprising a transport ship (110) shuttling on the surface of the sea, an undersea self-propelled floating body (120), a seabed mobile delivery station (130) and a seabed mineral collection machine (140). The transport ship (110) shuttling on the surface of the sea is connected to one end, far away from sea level, of the undersea self-propelled floating body (120) via a first flexible hose (n1). The end, far away from sea level, of the undersea self-propelled floating body (120) is connected to the seabed mobile delivery station (130) via a second flexible hose (n2). The seabed mobile delivery station (130) is connected to the seabed mineral collection machine (140) via a third flexible hose (n3). Minerals collected by the seabed mineral collection machine (140) are stored in the seabed mobile delivery station (130) by means of the third flexible hose (n3). The seabed mobile delivery station (130) delivers the minerals to the undersea self-propelled floating body (120) by means of the second flexible hose (n2). The undersea self-propelled floating body (120) transports, by means of the first flexible hose (n1), the minerals to the transport ship (110) shuttling on the surface of the sea. The deep-sea mining system has a simple structure and can be used and promoted on a large scale.

Description

一种深海采矿系统Deep sea mining system 技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及深海探测领域,尤其是涉及一种深海采矿系统。This application relates to the field of deep sea exploration, and more particularly to a deep sea mining system.
背景技术Background technique
随着世界经济的不断发展,对矿产资源的需求也越来越大,大量的资源开发造成地球陆地矿产资源日益枯竭。在陆地矿产资源枯竭之前,尽早开辟新的资源供给渠道已是当今各国共同的抉择。经勘探查明,大洋是丰富的矿产资源基地,为了满足人类生存和发展对矿产资源的需要,世界各国将目光投向了海洋。With the continuous development of the world economy, the demand for mineral resources is also growing, and the development of a large number of resources has caused the depletion of the earth's terrestrial mineral resources. Before the depletion of terrestrial mineral resources, opening up new resource supply channels as soon as possible is a common choice for all countries today. After exploration, the ocean is a rich mineral resource base. In order to meet the needs of human resources for human survival and development, countries around the world have turned their eyes to the ocean.
目前世界各国采用的采矿系统多用硬管连接,水面支撑系统由采矿船和运输船组成。但是,上述方案存在以下的技术缺陷:At present, the mining systems adopted in various countries in the world are mostly connected by hard pipes, and the surface supporting system is composed of mining ships and transport ships. However, the above scheme has the following technical defects:
(1).海浪和洋流对采矿船产生的影响也想会作用在水下硬管和集矿车上,影响集矿车的生产效率,甚至影响其安全问题;(1). The impact of ocean waves and ocean currents on mining ships is also expected to be applied to underwater hard pipes and mining vehicles, affecting the production efficiency of the mining vehicles and even affecting their safety;
(2).硬管相对来说结构比较固定,结构单一,重量也存在很大的局限性,并且不方便安装,运输和回收;(2). The rigid pipe is relatively fixed in structure, has a single structure, and has great limitations in weight, and is inconvenient to install, transport and recycle;
(3).传统的采矿船往往作为硬管重量的承受载体,这种情况下如遇海浪或者恶劣的海洋环境就会导致停产或者发生危险和损失,并且海上天气变化莫测,可能研究影响水上开采系统的运作和开采效率; (3). Traditional mining vessels often serve as carriers for the weight of hard pipes. In this case, in the event of waves or harsh marine environment, production may be stopped or dangers and losses may occur, and the weather at sea may be unpredictable. Operation and mining efficiency of the mining system;
(4).传统采矿系统的水面支撑系统往往由采矿船和运输船两部分组成,复杂的系统和大量的建造投入成本也会对整个系统的安全性造成影响,海洋环境和天气的影响会对系统有很大的影响。(4). The surface support system of the traditional mining system is often composed of two parts: the mining ship and the transport ship. The complicated system and the large construction input cost will also affect the safety of the whole system. The impact of the marine environment and weather will be The system has a big impact.
发明内容Summary of the invention
有鉴如此,有必要针对现有采矿系统存在的缺陷,研制一种结构简单、安全性能更高、适应性更好的采矿系统,以满足商业化开采海底矿产资源的要求。In view of this, it is necessary to develop a mining system with simple structure, higher safety performance and better adaptability to meet the defects of existing mining systems to meet the requirements of commercial exploitation of seabed mineral resources.
为实现上述目的,本申请采用下述技术方案:To achieve the above objectives, the present application adopts the following technical solutions:
一种深海采矿系统,包括:水面穿梭运输船、水下自航浮体、海底移动输送站及海底集矿机,所述水面穿梭运输船通过第一柔性软管连接于所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端,所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端通过第二柔性软管连接于所述海底移动输送站,所述海底移动输送站通过第三柔性软管连接于所述海底集矿机;A deep sea mining system includes: a surface shuttle transport ship, an underwater self-propelled floating body, a submarine mobile transfer station, and a submarine collecting machine connected to the underwater self-propelled floating body through a first flexible hose An end away from the sea level, the end of the underwater self-propelled floating body away from the sea level is connected to the submarine mobile transfer station through a second flexible hose, and the submarine mobile transfer station is connected to the sea bottom through a third flexible hose Mining machine
所述海底集矿机采集的矿物通过所述第三柔性软管存储于所述海底移动输送站中,所述海底移动输送站通过所述第二柔性软管将所述矿物输送至所述水下自航浮体,所述水下自航浮体通过所述第一柔性软管将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船。The mineral collected by the subsea miner is stored in the subsea mobile transfer station by the third flexible hose, and the submarine mobile transport station transports the mineral to the water through the second flexible hose A self-propelled floating body that transports the mineral to the surface shuttle ship through the first flexible hose.
在一些实施例中,所述水下自航浮体靠近海平面的一端距离海平面为200m。In some embodiments, the end of the underwater self-propelled floating body near sea level is 200 m from the sea level.
在一些实施例中,所述水下自航浮体包括第一提升泵、核电发电站、浮力调节单元及导航自动定位单元,所述提升泵、浮力调节单元及导航自动定位单元分别电性连接于所述核电发电站。 In some embodiments, the underwater self-propelled floating body comprises a first lift pump, a nuclear power station, a buoyancy adjusting unit and a navigation automatic positioning unit, and the lifting pump, the buoyancy adjusting unit and the navigation automatic positioning unit are respectively electrically connected The nuclear power station.
在一些实施例中,所述水下自航浮体具有750m3的排水量,通过调节所述浮力调节单元以改变所述过第一柔性软管及第二柔性软管的张拉力。In some embodiments, the underwater self-propelled floating body has a displacement of 750 m 3 , and the tension of the first flexible hose and the second flexible hose is changed by adjusting the buoyancy adjusting unit.
在一些实施例中,所述第一柔性软管内还包括设置于所述第一提升泵和所述水面穿梭运输船之间的第一输送单元,所述第一提升泵通过所述第一输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船。In some embodiments, the first flexible hose further includes a first conveying unit disposed between the first lift pump and the surface shuttle carrier, the first lift pump passing the first A conveyor unit transports the mineral to the surface shuttle carrier.
在一些实施例中,所述第二柔性软管内还包括第一电缆,所述第一电缆的两端分别连接于所述核电发电站及所述海底移动输送站。In some embodiments, the second flexible hose further includes a first cable, and two ends of the first cable are respectively connected to the nuclear power station and the submarine mobile transport station.
在一些实施例中,所述第三柔性软管内还包括第二电缆,所述第二电缆的两端分别连接于所述海底移动输送站及所述海底集矿机。In some embodiments, the third flexible hose further includes a second cable, and two ends of the second cable are respectively connected to the submarine mobile transfer station and the submarine.
在一些实施例中,所述海底移动输送站还设置有第二提升泵。In some embodiments, the subsea mobile transfer station is further provided with a second lift pump.
在一些实施例中,所述第三柔性软管内还包括设置于所述第二提升泵和所述海底集矿机之间的第二输送单元,所述第二提升泵通过所述第二输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述海底移动输送站In some embodiments, the third flexible hose further includes a second conveying unit disposed between the second lift pump and the subsea collecting machine, and the second lifting pump passes the second a transport unit transports the mineral to the subsea mobile transport station
本申请采用上述技术方案的优点是:The advantages of the above technical solution in this application are:
本申请提供的深海采矿系统包括水面穿梭运输船、水下自航浮体、海底移动输送站及海底集矿机,所述水面穿梭运输船通过第一柔性软管连接于所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端,所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端通过第二柔性软管连接于所述海底移动输送站,所述海底移动输送站通过第三柔性软管连接于所述海底集矿机,所述海底集矿机采集的矿物通过所述第三柔性软管存储于所述海底移动输送站中,所述海底移动输送站通过所述第二柔性软管将所述矿物输送至所述水下自航浮体,所述水下自航浮体通过所述第一柔性软管将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船,本申请提供的深海采矿系统结构简单,可大规模推广使用。 The deep sea mining system provided by the present application comprises a surface shuttle carrier, an underwater self-propelled floating body, a submarine mobile transfer station and a submarine collecting machine, and the surface shuttle carrier is connected to the underwater self-propelled floating body through a first flexible hose. An end away from the sea level, the end of the underwater self-propelled floating body away from the sea level is connected to the submarine mobile transfer station through a second flexible hose, and the submarine mobile transfer station is connected to the sea bottom through a third flexible hose a collecting machine, the mineral collected by the submarine collecting machine is stored in the submarine mobile conveying station through the third flexible hose, and the submarine moving conveying station transports the mineral through the second flexible hose Up to the underwater self-propelled floating body, the underwater self-propelled floating body transports the mineral to the surface shuttle ship through the first flexible hose, and the deep sea mining system provided by the present application has a simple structure and can be large-scale Promote use.
此外,本申请采用柔性软管依次连接水面穿梭运输船、水下自航浮体、海底移动输送站及海底集矿机,由于柔性软管的多样性和可塑性,这样能够对不同海域和不同深度具备很强的适应性,应用范围广泛;同时,由于海底集矿机与海底移动输送站之间为柔性软管连接,水面上的海洋和海流不会直接作用在海底集矿机上,不会影响集矿车的作业,安全可靠,而且在柔性软管的连接下不仅可以减少海面对水下生产系统的影响还可以大幅度的增加海底集矿机的开采范围。In addition, the present application uses a flexible hose to sequentially connect the surface shuttle carrier, the underwater self-propelled floating body, the submarine mobile transfer station and the submarine collecting machine. Due to the diversity and plasticity of the flexible hose, it can be provided for different sea areas and different depths. It has strong adaptability and wide application range. At the same time, due to the flexible hose connection between the subsea collecting machine and the submarine mobile conveying station, the ocean and current on the water surface will not directly act on the submarine collecting machine, and will not affect the set. The operation of the mine car is safe and reliable, and under the connection of flexible hoses, it can not only reduce the impact of the sea on the underwater production system, but also greatly increase the mining range of the seabed mining machine.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1为本申请实施例提供的深海采矿系统结构示意图。FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a deep sea mining system provided by an embodiment of the present application.
图2为本申请实施例提供的水下自航浮体的结构示意图。FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an underwater self-propelled floating body according to an embodiment of the present application.
图3为本申请实施例提供的水下自航浮体的功能模块图。FIG. 3 is a functional block diagram of an underwater self-propelled floating body according to an embodiment of the present application.
图4为本申请实施例提供的海底移动输送站及海底集矿机的结构示意图。4 is a schematic structural view of a submarine mobile transfer station and a submarine collecting machine according to an embodiment of the present application.
图5为本申请实施例提供的海底集矿机的结构示意图。FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a submarine collecting machine according to an embodiment of the present application.
具体实施方式detailed description
为了使本申请的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及具体实施例,对本申请进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用以解释本申请,并不用于限定本申请。The present application will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. It is understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the application and are not intended to be limiting.
在申请文件中,诸如第一和第二等之类的关系术语仅仅用来将一个实体或者操作与另一个实体或操作区分开来,而不一定要求或者暗示这些实体或操作之间存在任何这种实际的关系或者顺序。而且,术语“包括”、“包含”或者 其任何其他变体意在涵盖非排他性的包含,从而使得包括一系列要素的过程、方法、物品或者设备不仅包括那些要素,而且还包括没有明确列出的其他要素,或者是还包括为这种过程、方法、物品或者设备所固有的要素。在没有更多限制的情况下,由语句“包括一个……”限定的要素,并不排除在包括所述要素的过程、方法、物品或者设备中还存在另外的相同要素。In the application documents, relational terms such as first and second are merely used to distinguish one entity or operation from another entity or operation, and do not necessarily require or imply any such The actual relationship or order. Moreover, the terms "include", "include" or Any other variations thereof are intended to encompass non-exclusive inclusions, such that a process, method, article, or device that comprises a plurality of elements includes not only those elements but also other elements not explicitly listed, or The elements inherent in a process, method, item, or device. An element that is defined by the phrase "comprising a ..." does not exclude the presence of additional equivalent elements in the process, method, item, or device that comprises the element.
请参考图1,为本申请实施例提供的一种深海采矿系统100,包括水面穿梭运输船110、水下自航浮体120、海底移动输送站130及海底集矿机140,所述水面穿梭运输船110通过第一柔性软管n1连接于所述水下自航浮体120远离海平面的一端,所述水下自航浮体120远离海平面的一端通过第二柔性软管n2连接于所述海底移动输送站130,所述海底移动输送站130通过第三柔性软管n3连接于所述海底集矿机140。Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is a deep sea mining system 100 according to an embodiment of the present application, including a surface shuttle ship 110 , an underwater self-propelled floating body 120 , a submarine mobile transfer station 130 , and a submarine collecting machine 140 . The ship 110 is connected to one end of the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 away from the sea level by a first flexible hose n1, and the end of the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 away from the sea level is connected to the sea bottom through a second flexible hose n2 A mobile transport station 130, the subsea mobile transport station 130 is coupled to the subsea miner 140 via a third flexible hose n3.
以下对本申请提供的深海采矿系统100包含的各个部件进行详细阐述,可以理解,下述阐述仅用以解释本申请,并不用于限定本申请。The various components included in the deep sea mining system 100 provided by the present application are described in detail below. It is to be understood that the following description is only used to explain the present application and is not intended to limit the application.
水面穿梭运输船110可以代替传统的水面支撑船(fpso),可以理解,水面穿梭运输船110起到装载、脱水及运输的作用,实际中往往需要2-3个水面穿梭运输船110就可以完成一个完整的循环运输体系,这样设计的好处在于减少了采矿地点由于恶劣海况带来的损失和风险,更加简便的采集深海矿物结核。The surface shuttle ship 110 can replace the traditional surface support ship (fpso). It can be understood that the surface shuttle ship 110 plays the role of loading, dewatering and transportation. In practice, it is often necessary to complete 2-3 surface shuttle ships 110. A complete recirculating transport system, the benefit of this design is to reduce the loss and risk of mining sites due to adverse sea conditions and to make it easier to collect deep sea mineral nodules.
请参阅图2,为本申请实施例提供的水下自航浮体的结构示意图,水下自航浮体120的悬停技术可令自航浮体悬停在水下200m处,这样可以避免海面洋流和波浪对其造成的影响。Please refer to FIG. 2 , which is a schematic structural diagram of an underwater self-propelled floating body provided by an embodiment of the present application. The hovering technology of the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 can suspend the self-propelled floating body at 200 m under water, thereby avoiding ocean currents and The effect of waves on it.
请参阅图3为本申请实施例提供的水下自航浮体的功能模块图,所述水下自航浮体120包括第一提升泵121、核电发电站122、浮力调节单元123及导航自动定位单元124,所述提升泵121、浮力调节单元123及导航自动定位单元124分别电性连接于所述核电发电站122。 FIG. 3 is a functional block diagram of an underwater self-propelled floating body provided by an embodiment of the present application. The underwater self-propelled floating body 120 includes a first lift pump 121, a nuclear power station 122, a buoyancy adjusting unit 123, and a navigation automatic positioning unit. 124. The lift pump 121, the buoyancy adjusting unit 123, and the navigation automatic positioning unit 124 are electrically connected to the nuclear power station 122, respectively.
优选地,所述第一柔性软管n1内还包括设置于所述第一提升泵121和所述水面穿梭运输船110之间的第一输送单元(图未示),所述第一提升泵121通过所述第一输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船110。Preferably, the first flexible hose n1 further includes a first conveying unit (not shown) disposed between the first lift pump 121 and the surface shuttle ship 110, the first lift pump The mineral is transported to the surface shuttle ship 110 by the first transport unit.
可以理解,通过设计所述核电发电站122可以为海底移动输送站130及海底集矿机140的所需航行/行走,集矿,输送等所需的电力,由于并且海水和核反应堆的天然保护屏障,有益于阻止核泄漏等安全隐患。It can be understood that by designing the nuclear power station 122, the required navigation/walking, collecting, transportation, etc. of the submarine mobile transfer station 130 and the subsea miner 140 can be required, as well as the natural protective barrier of the seawater and nuclear reactor. It is good for preventing safety hazards such as nuclear leaks.
优选地,所述水下自航浮体120在海面6000m具有750m3的排水量,通过调节所述浮力调节单元123以改变所述过第一柔性软管n1及第二柔性软管n2的张拉力,这样可以满足不同作业深度,不同作业长度柔性软管的张力控制要求。Preferably, the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 has a displacement of 750 m 3 at a sea surface 6000 m, and the tension force of the over-the first flexible hose n1 and the second flexible hose n2 is changed by adjusting the buoyancy adjusting unit 123, This can meet the tension control requirements of flexible hoses with different working depths and different working lengths.
优选地,水下自航浮体120具有导航自动定位单元124,这样在采矿作业时可跟随海底移动输送站130运动,实现采矿系统整体运动的协调工作。Preferably, the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 has a navigation automatic positioning unit 124, so that the movement of the subsea mobile transfer station 130 can be followed during mining operations to achieve coordinated work of the overall movement of the mining system.
请参阅图4为本申请实施例提供的海底移动输送站及海底集矿机的结构示意图。Please refer to FIG. 4 , which is a schematic structural diagram of a submarine mobile conveying station and a submarine collecting machine according to an embodiment of the present application.
海底移动输送站130具有海底自行功能,可提高采矿系统的稳定性。可以理解,海底移动输送站130可以作为中继矿仓,给料机和输送泵等水下设备安装平台,其中,中继矿仓的作用是临时贮存和缓解海底集矿机结合采集量的变化对扬矿作业的参数影响,并且有效的隔离来自采矿船和水下自航浮体的扰动对海底集矿机140作业的影响。The subsea mobile transport station 130 has a subsea self-function that improves the stability of the mining system. It can be understood that the submarine mobile transport station 130 can be used as an underwater equipment installation platform such as a relay mine bin, a feeder and a transfer pump. The function of the relay mine bin is to temporarily store and alleviate the change of the combined collection amount of the seabed miner. The impact on the parameters of the mining operation and the effective isolation of the disturbance from the mining vessel and the underwater self-propelled floating body on the operation of the subsea miner 140.
优选地,所述第二柔性软管n2内还包括第一电缆(图未示),所述第一电缆的两端分别连接于所述核电发电站122及所述海底移动输送站130。可以理解,通过设计连接于所述核电发电站122及所述海底移动输送站130的第一电缆,可以对所述海底移动输送站130提供工作电力。 Preferably, the second flexible hose n2 further includes a first cable (not shown), and two ends of the first cable are respectively connected to the nuclear power station 122 and the submarine mobile transport station 130. It will be appreciated that the working power can be provided to the subsea mobile transfer station 130 by designing a first cable coupled to the nuclear power plant 122 and the subsea mobile transport station 130.
优选地,所述第三柔性软管n3内还包括第二电缆(图未示),所述第二电缆的两端分别连接于所述海底移动输送站130及所述海底集矿机140,可以理解,通过设计连接于所述海底移动输送站130及所述海底集矿机140的第二电缆,可以将所述核电发电站122的电力输送至所述海底集矿机140。Preferably, the third flexible hose n3 further includes a second cable (not shown), and two ends of the second cable are respectively connected to the submarine mobile transport station 130 and the submarine miner 140, It will be appreciated that the power of the nuclear power plant 122 can be delivered to the subsea miner 140 by designing a second cable coupled to the subsea mobile transport station 130 and the subsea miner 140.
所述海底移动输送站130还设置有第二提升泵(图未示),且所述第三柔性软管内n3还包括设置于所述第二提升泵(图未示)和所述海底集矿机140之间的第二输送单元(图未示),所述第二提升泵通过所述第二输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述海底移动输送站130。The subsea mobile transfer station 130 is further provided with a second lift pump (not shown), and the third flexible hose inner n3 further includes a second lift pump (not shown) and the sea bottom set. A second transport unit (not shown) between the miners 140, the second lift pump transports the mineral to the subsea mobile transport station 130 via the second transport unit.
请参阅图5,为本申请实施例提供的海底集矿机的结构示意图。所述海底集矿机140采集的矿物通过所述第三柔性软管n3存储于所述海底移动输送站130中,所述海底移动输送站130通过所述第二柔性软管n2将所述矿物输送至所述水下自航浮体120,所述水下自航浮体120通过所述第一柔性软管n1将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船110,可以理解,本申请提供的深海采矿系统结构简单,可大规模推广使用。Please refer to FIG. 5 , which is a schematic structural diagram of a submarine collecting machine provided by an embodiment of the present application. The mineral collected by the subsea miner 140 is stored in the subsea mobile transfer station 130 through the third flexible hose n3, and the subsea mobile transfer station 130 passes the mineral through the second flexible hose n2 Delivered to the underwater self-propelled floating body 120, the underwater self-propelled floating body 120 transports the mineral to the surface shuttle ship 110 through the first flexible hose n1, it can be understood that the deep sea provided by the present application The mining system has a simple structure and can be widely used.
本申请提供的深海采矿系统100采用柔性软管依次连接水面穿梭运输船110、水下自航浮体120、海底移动输送站130及海底集矿机140,由于柔性软管的多样性和可塑性,这样能够对不同海域和不同深度具备很强的适应性,应用范围广泛;同时,由于海底集矿机130与海底移动输送站140之间为柔性软管连接,水面上的海洋和海流不会直接作用在海底集矿机140上,不会影响集矿车的作业,安全可靠,而且在柔性软管的连接下不仅可以减少海面对水下生产系统的影响还可以大幅度的增加海底集矿机的开采范围。The deep sea mining system 100 provided by the present application uses a flexible hose to sequentially connect the surface shuttle ship 110, the underwater self-propelled floating body 120, the subsea mobile transfer station 130 and the subsea collecting machine 140, due to the diversity and plasticity of the flexible hose. It has strong adaptability to different sea areas and different depths, and has a wide range of applications. At the same time, due to the flexible hose connection between the subsea miner 130 and the submarine mobile transfer station 140, the ocean and current on the water surface will not directly act. On the submarine collecting machine 140, it will not affect the operation of the collecting car, it is safe and reliable, and under the connection of the flexible hose, it can not only reduce the impact of the sea on the underwater production system, but also greatly increase the submarine collecting machine. The scope of mining.
当然本申请的深海采矿系统还可具有多种变换及改型,并不局限于上述实施方式的具体结构。总之,本申请的保护范围应包括那些对于本领域普通技术人员来说显而易见的变换或替代以及改型。 Of course, the deep sea mining system of the present application may have various transformations and modifications, and is not limited to the specific structure of the above embodiment. In conclusion, the scope of the present application should include such alterations or substitutions and modifications as would be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种深海采矿系统,其特征在于,包括:水面穿梭运输船、水下自航浮体、海底移动输送站及海底集矿机,所述水面穿梭运输船通过第一柔性软管连接于所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端,所述水下自航浮体远离海平面的一端通过第二柔性软管连接于所述海底移动输送站,所述海底移动输送站通过第三柔性软管连接于所述海底集矿机;A deep sea mining system, comprising: a surface shuttle transport ship, an underwater self-propelled floating body, a submarine mobile transfer station, and a submarine collecting machine, wherein the surface shuttle ship is connected to the water through a first flexible hose An end of the submerged floating body away from the sea level, the end of the underwater self-propelled floating body away from the sea level is connected to the submarine mobile conveying station through a second flexible hose, and the submarine mobile conveying station is connected by a third flexible hose In the seabed mining machine;
    所述海底集矿机采集的矿物通过所述第三柔性软管存储于所述海底移动输送站中,所述海底移动输送站通过所述第二柔性软管将所述矿物输送至所述水下自航浮体,所述水下自航浮体通过所述第一柔性软管将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船。The mineral collected by the subsea miner is stored in the subsea mobile transfer station by the third flexible hose, and the submarine mobile transport station transports the mineral to the water through the second flexible hose A self-propelled floating body that transports the mineral to the surface shuttle ship through the first flexible hose.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述水下自航浮体靠近海平面的一端距离海平面为200m。The deep sea mining system according to claim 1, wherein one end of said underwater self-propelled floating body near sea level is 200 m from a sea level.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述水下自航浮体包括第一提升泵、核电发电站、浮力调节单元及导航自动定位单元,所述提升泵、浮力调节单元及导航自动定位单元分别电性连接于所述核电发电站。The deep sea mining system according to claim 1, wherein the underwater self-propelled floating body comprises a first lift pump, a nuclear power station, a buoyancy adjusting unit and a navigation automatic positioning unit, the lift pump, a buoyancy adjusting unit and The navigation automatic positioning unit is electrically connected to the nuclear power station.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述水下自航浮体具有750m3的排水量,通过调节所述浮力调节单元以改变所述过第一柔性软管及第二柔性软管的张拉力。The deep sea mining system according to claim 3, wherein said underwater self-propelled floating body has a displacement of 750 m 3 , and said super-first flexible hose and said second flexible soft are changed by adjusting said buoyancy adjusting unit The tension of the tube.
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述第一柔性软管内还包括设置于所述第一提升泵和所述水面穿梭运输船之间的第一输送单元,所述第一提升泵通过所述第一输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述水面穿梭运输船。 The deep sea mining system according to claim 3, wherein said first flexible hose further comprises a first conveying unit disposed between said first lift pump and said surface shuttle ship, said A first lift pump transports the mineral to the surface shuttle ship through the first conveyor unit.
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述第二柔性软管内还包括第一电缆,所述第一电缆的两端分别连接于所述核电发电站及所述海底移动输送站。The deep sea mining system according to claim 3, wherein said second flexible hose further comprises a first cable, two ends of said first cable being respectively connected to said nuclear power station and said submarine movement Transfer station.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述第三柔性软管内还包括第二电缆,所述第二电缆的两端分别连接于所述海底移动输送站及所述海底集矿机。The deep sea mining system according to claim 6, wherein the third flexible hose further comprises a second cable, and two ends of the second cable are respectively connected to the submarine mobile transfer station and the sea bottom Mining machine.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述海底移动输送站还设置有第二提升泵。The deep sea mining system of claim 1 wherein said subsea mobile transfer station is further provided with a second lift pump.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的深海采矿系统,其特征在于,所述第三柔性软管内还包括设置于所述第二提升泵和所述海底集矿机之间的第二输送单元,所述第二提升泵通过所述第二输送单元将所述矿物运送至所述海底移动输送站。 A deep sea mining system according to claim 8 wherein said third flexible hose further comprises a second delivery unit disposed between said second lift pump and said subsea concentrator, said A second lift pump transports the mineral to the subsea mobile transfer station via the second transport unit.
PCT/CN2016/106337 2016-10-11 2016-11-18 Deep-sea mining system WO2018068362A1 (en)

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