WO2018058827A1 - Fish-plant symbiotic system - Google Patents

Fish-plant symbiotic system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018058827A1
WO2018058827A1 PCT/CN2016/112666 CN2016112666W WO2018058827A1 WO 2018058827 A1 WO2018058827 A1 WO 2018058827A1 CN 2016112666 W CN2016112666 W CN 2016112666W WO 2018058827 A1 WO2018058827 A1 WO 2018058827A1
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Prior art keywords
fish
plant
environmental
plants
adjusting
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PCT/CN2016/112666
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘振鹏
冯耀辉
刘拾生
杨琪
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深圳前海弘稼科技有限公司
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Publication of WO2018058827A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018058827A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/047Liquid pumps for aquaria

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of planting and fish farming symbiosis systems, and in particular to a fish plant symbiosis system.
  • the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
  • a fish-plant symbiosis system comprising:
  • An incubator comprising a plant box and a fish tank in communication with the plant box;
  • Environmental monitoring device for detecting environmental information of plants and fish
  • An adjustment device for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located
  • control device configured to control the adjusting device to work when the environmental information does not meet a preset environmental indicator, wherein the control device is respectively connected to the environmental monitoring device and the adjusting device Pick up.
  • the environmental monitoring device includes at least one of a PH detecting device and an EC detecting device, a temperature detecting device, a humidity detecting device, a CO 2 concentration detecting device, and a light detecting device.
  • the environmental information includes a temperature value within the incubator
  • the adjustment device includes a fan and a heater for adjusting a temperature within the incubator.
  • the environmental information includes humidity information within the planting box
  • the adjusting device includes a humidifier for adjusting humidity within the planting box.
  • the environmental information comprises a value of CO 2 concentration of the cultivation tank, said adjusting means comprising a generator for regulating the CO 2 concentration of CO 2 in the incubator.
  • the environmental information comprises light intensity within the planting box
  • the adjustment device comprises a fill light located within the planting box.
  • the plant box comprises a plurality of planting layers for planting the plants, and the planting layer is provided with a nutrient tank, and the nutrient tank is connected to the fish tank through a water supply pipe and a return pipe.
  • the plant box is located at a lower portion of the aquarium, and a water pump is disposed at a bottom of the water supply pipe.
  • a filter is provided at the water inlet of the water pump.
  • a mobile terminal connected to the control device is further included, and the mobile terminal is configured to input the environmental indicator and/or display the environmental information.
  • the fish plant symbiosis system comprises: an incubator comprising a plant box and a fish tank connected with the plant box; an environmental monitoring device for detecting environmental information of the plant and the fish; the adjusting device, The apparatus for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located; the control device is configured to control the adjusting device to operate when the environmental information does not meet the preset environmental indicators, and the control device is respectively connected with the environmental monitoring device and the adjusting device.
  • the environmental monitoring device can monitor the environmental information of plants and fish, and then send the environmental information to the control device.
  • the control device can judge according to the preset environmental indicators. When the environmental information does not meet the environmental indicators, the control device can automatically
  • the control unit is operated to adjust the environment in which the plants and fish are located to conform to the growth of plants and fish.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a fish-plant symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • 1 is a fish tank
  • 2 is a filter
  • 3 is a heater
  • 4 is a PH detection device
  • 5 is a plant box
  • 6 is a control device
  • 7 is a return pipe
  • 8 is a fill light
  • 9 is a water supply pipe
  • 10 is an EC test.
  • the device, 11 is a temperature detecting device
  • 12 is a camera
  • 13 is a fan
  • 14 is a water pump.
  • the current fish-plant symbiosis system does not automatically adjust the environment in which plants and fish are located, and it is difficult to ensure that the symbiotic system can give plants and fish the best living environment.
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides a fish-plant symbiosis system, which can monitor environmental information of plants and fish through an environmental monitoring device, and then send environmental information to the control device, and the control device can be preset according to the preset
  • the environmental indicators determine that when the environmental information does not meet the environmental indicators, the control device can automatically control the adjustment device to work, and adjust the device to adjust the environment of the plants and fish to conform to the growth of plants and fish.
  • FIG. 1 is a fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • a specific embodiment of the present invention provides a fish culture symbiosis system comprising: an incubator comprising a plant box 5 and a fish tank 1 connected to the plant box 5; and an environmental monitoring device for detecting the presence of plants and fish Environmental information; an adjustment device for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located; and a control device 6 for controlling the adjustment device to operate when the environmental information does not comply with the preset environmental indicators, and the control device 6 and the environmental monitoring respectively The device and the adjustment device are connected.
  • the environmental monitoring device can monitor the environmental information of the plants and the fish, and then send the environmental information to the control device 6, and the control device 6 can judge according to the preset environmental indicators, wherein the environmental indicators can be pre- It is arranged in the control device.
  • the control device 6 can automatically control the adjustment device to work, and the adjustment device adjusts the environment of the plants and fish to conform to the growth of plants and fish. It is worth mentioning that when the organic matter falling off the roots of the plants in the plant box 5 enters the aquarium 1, the fish can feed the organic matter and the plankton in the nutrient solution, thereby solving the breeding of plankton and water in the nutrient solution. The problem.
  • the environmental information includes at least one of a pH value, an EC value, a temperature value, a humidity value, a CO 2 concentration, and a light in the incubator
  • the environmental monitoring device includes the PH detecting device 4, the EC detecting device 10, and the temperature detecting device 11 At least one of a humidity detecting device, a CO 2 concentration detecting device, and a light detecting device, wherein the environmental information and the environmental monitoring device have a one-to-one correspondence.
  • the environmental information may also include other information such as the water level in the aquarium 1 and the like.
  • the camera 12 can be used to monitor the situation in the incubator in real time, so that the user can obtain image information of plant and fish growth in real time.
  • the adjusting device comprises a fan 13 and a heater 3 for regulating the temperature of the environment in which the plants and fish are located, and for adjusting the concentration of CO 2 in the plant box
  • the control device 6 when the temperature in the incubator is higher than the preset high temperature threshold, the control device 6 can control the fan 13 to lower the temperature, and when the temperature is lower than the preset low temperature threshold, the control device 6 can control the heater 3 to Increase the temperature; when the CO 2 concentration is low, it can be adjusted by the CO 2 generator; when the humidity in the plant box is low, it can be humidified by the humidifier; when the light intensity is insufficient, the fill light 8 can be improved. Brightness, wherein the fill light is preferably an LED fill light, and of course other types of fill light, as long as the light intensity can be adjusted.
  • the water can be changed by hand or by changing the water, or the pH can be changed by diluting or increasing the concentration of the culture solution.
  • the EC value can also be adjusted by adjusting the PH.
  • oxygen It is also possible to detect the oxygen content in the aquarium. When the oxygen content is low, oxygen can be added to the aquarium through the oxygen supply device.
  • the plant box 5 includes a plurality of planting layers for planting plants, and a nutrient liquid tank is disposed in the planting layer, and the nutrient liquid tank is connected to the fish tank 1 through the water supply pipe 9 and the return water pipe 7.
  • the circulation of nutrient solution can be achieved through the water supply pipe 9 and the return water pipe 7, which not only enables the plants to obtain nutrients in time, but also allows the fish to have sufficient food.
  • FIG. 2 is another fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • the plant box 5 can be located at the upper part of the aquarium 1, and the plant box 5 can be placed on the upper part of the aquarium 1 to facilitate the plant to obtain sufficient light, and on the other hand, the organic matter which is detached from the root of the plant can enter the aquarium 1.
  • the plant box 5 can also be located at the lower part of the aquarium 1, and the water pump 14 is provided at the bottom of the water supply pipe 9.
  • the water pump 14 can forcibly pump the water in the aquarium 1 to the nutrient tank, or pump the water in the nutrient tank to the aquarium 1 to promote the circulation of the nutrient solution, and avoid the roots and fishes in which the plants in the aquarium 1 are deposited. Excreta and debris from the nutrient solution itself.
  • the water filter of the water pump 14 is provided with a filter 2.
  • the mobile terminal is further connected to the control device, and the mobile terminal is used to input environmental indicators and/or display environment information.
  • the user can input the environmental indicator to the control device through the mobile terminal, and can also modify the parameter in the environmental indicator according to the actual situation, for example, modifying the temperature threshold.
  • the user can also understand the situation of the symbiotic environment through the environmental information displayed by the mobile terminal, so that the user can flexibly adjust and control.

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Hydroponics (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

A Fish-plant symbiotic system, comprising: an incubator comprising a plant box (5) and a fish tank (1) communicated with the plant box (5); an environment monitoring device used for detecting information about an environment in which plants and fish are located; and an adjusting device used for adjusting the environment in which the plants and the fish are located. The information about the environment in which the plants and the fish are located can be monitored by the environment monitoring device. A control device (6) makes a judgment on the detected information about the environment according to preset environmental indexes; if the information does not accord with the environmental indexes, the control device (6) automatically controls the adjusting device to operate. When organisms dropping from root systems of the plants in the plant box (5) enter the fish tank (1), the fish can take food from the organisms and plankton in a nutrient solution, so that the problems of the growth of plankton in the nutrient solution and water body pollution are solved.

Description

一种鱼植共生系统Fish symbiosis system
本申请要求于2016年9月30日提交中国专利局、申请号为201610876801.3、发明名称为“一种鱼植共生系统”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。The present application claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 20161087680, filed on Sep. 30, 2016, the entire disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及种植和养鱼共生系统领域,特别是涉及一种鱼植共生系统。The invention relates to the field of planting and fish farming symbiosis systems, and in particular to a fish plant symbiosis system.
背景技术Background technique
目前具有将植物种植和养鱼结合的技术和设备,以达到“养鱼不换水,种菜不施肥”的目的,而且还可以增加人们的生活乐趣,但是在实际应用中,植物的种植和金鱼的饲养需要较高的环境要求,如果不能及时对环境进行准确地控制,则很容易破坏其共生系统。虽然可以通过人工进行控制,但是劳动强度大,而且很难进行精确控制。At present, it has the technology and equipment to combine plant cultivation and fish farming, so as to achieve the purpose of “fishing without changing water, planting vegetables without fertilizing”, and also increasing people’s enjoyment of life, but in practical application, plant cultivation and The breeding of goldfish requires high environmental requirements, and if the environment cannot be accurately controlled in time, it is easy to destroy its symbiotic system. Although it can be controlled manually, it is labor intensive and difficult to control accurately.
因此,如何提供一种能够精确控制鱼植共生环境的鱼植共生系统,是本领域技术人员急需解决的技术问题。Therefore, how to provide a fish-plant symbiosis system capable of accurately controlling the symbiotic environment of fish culture is a technical problem that a person skilled in the art urgently needs to solve.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供一种鱼植共生系统,可以有效地对其共生环境进行准确地控制。It is an object of the present invention to provide a fish-plant symbiosis system that can effectively control its symbiotic environment.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了如下技术方案:In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
一种鱼植共生系统,包括:A fish-plant symbiosis system comprising:
培养箱,所述培养箱包括植物箱以及和所述植物箱连通的鱼缸;An incubator comprising a plant box and a fish tank in communication with the plant box;
环境监测装置,用于检测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息;Environmental monitoring device for detecting environmental information of plants and fish;
调节装置,用于调节所述植物和鱼类所处的环境;An adjustment device for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located;
控制装置,用于当所述环境信息不符合预设的环境指标时,控制所述调节装置进行工作,所述控制装置分别和所述环境监测装置以及所述调节装置连 接。a control device, configured to control the adjusting device to work when the environmental information does not meet a preset environmental indicator, wherein the control device is respectively connected to the environmental monitoring device and the adjusting device Pick up.
优选地,所述环境监测装置包括PH检测装置和EC检测装置、温度检测装置、湿度检测装置和CO2浓度检测装置以及光照检测装置中的至少一种。Preferably, the environmental monitoring device includes at least one of a PH detecting device and an EC detecting device, a temperature detecting device, a humidity detecting device, a CO 2 concentration detecting device, and a light detecting device.
优选地,所述环境信息包括所述培养箱内的温度值,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述培养箱内的温度的风扇和加热器。Preferably, the environmental information includes a temperature value within the incubator, and the adjustment device includes a fan and a heater for adjusting a temperature within the incubator.
优选地,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的湿度信息,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述种植箱内的湿度的加湿器。Preferably, the environmental information includes humidity information within the planting box, and the adjusting device includes a humidifier for adjusting humidity within the planting box.
优选地,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的CO2浓度值,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述培养箱内的CO2浓度值的CO2发生器。Preferably, the environmental information comprises a value of CO 2 concentration of the cultivation tank, said adjusting means comprising a generator for regulating the CO 2 concentration of CO 2 in the incubator.
优选地,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的光照强度,所述调节装置包括位于所述种植箱内的补光灯。Preferably, the environmental information comprises light intensity within the planting box, and the adjustment device comprises a fill light located within the planting box.
优选地,所述植物箱包括多层用于种植所述植物的种植层,所述种植层内设有营养液箱,所述营养液箱通过供水管和回水管和所述鱼缸连通。Preferably, the plant box comprises a plurality of planting layers for planting the plants, and the planting layer is provided with a nutrient tank, and the nutrient tank is connected to the fish tank through a water supply pipe and a return pipe.
优选地,所述植物箱位于所述鱼缸的下部,所述供水管底部设有水泵。Preferably, the plant box is located at a lower portion of the aquarium, and a water pump is disposed at a bottom of the water supply pipe.
优选地,所述水泵的进水口处设有过滤器。Preferably, a filter is provided at the water inlet of the water pump.
优选地,还包括和所述控制装置连接的移动终端,所述移动终端用于输入所述环境指标和/或显示所述环境信息。Preferably, a mobile terminal connected to the control device is further included, and the mobile terminal is configured to input the environmental indicator and/or display the environmental information.
与现有技术相比,上述技术方案具有以下优点:Compared with the prior art, the above technical solution has the following advantages:
本发明所提供的一种鱼植共生系统,包括:培养箱,培养箱包括植物箱以及和植物箱连通的鱼缸;环境监测装置,用于检测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息;调节装置,用于调节植物和鱼类所处的环境;控制装置,用于当环境信息不符合预设的环境指标时,控制调节装置进行工作,控制装置分别和环境监测装置以及调节装置连接。The fish plant symbiosis system provided by the invention comprises: an incubator comprising a plant box and a fish tank connected with the plant box; an environmental monitoring device for detecting environmental information of the plant and the fish; the adjusting device, The apparatus for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located; the control device is configured to control the adjusting device to operate when the environmental information does not meet the preset environmental indicators, and the control device is respectively connected with the environmental monitoring device and the adjusting device.
通过环境监测装置可以监测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息,然后将环境信息发送给控制装置,控制装置可以根据预设的环境指标进行判断,当环境信息不符合环境指标时,控制装置可以自动控制调节装置进行工作,通过调节装置来调节植物和鱼类所处的环境,使其符合植物和鱼类的生长。 The environmental monitoring device can monitor the environmental information of plants and fish, and then send the environmental information to the control device. The control device can judge according to the preset environmental indicators. When the environmental information does not meet the environmental indicators, the control device can automatically The control unit is operated to adjust the environment in which the plants and fish are located to conform to the growth of plants and fish.
附图说明DRAWINGS
为了更清楚地说明本发明或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。In order to more clearly illustrate the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings to be used in the embodiments or the description of the prior art will be briefly described below. Obviously, the drawings in the following description are the present invention. Some of the embodiments can be obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art in view of the drawings without any inventive effort.
图1为本发明一种具体实施方式所提供的一种鱼植共生系统的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of a fish-plant symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图2为本发明一种具体实施方式所提供的另一种鱼植共生系统的结构示意图。2 is a schematic structural view of another fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
附图标记如下:The reference numerals are as follows:
1为鱼缸,2为过滤器,3为加热器,4为PH检测装置,5为植物箱,6为控制装置,7为回水管,8为补光灯,9为供水管,10为EC检测装置,11为温度检测装置,12为摄像头,13为风扇,14为水泵。1 is a fish tank, 2 is a filter, 3 is a heater, 4 is a PH detection device, 5 is a plant box, 6 is a control device, 7 is a return pipe, 8 is a fill light, 9 is a water supply pipe, and 10 is an EC test. The device, 11 is a temperature detecting device, 12 is a camera, 13 is a fan, and 14 is a water pump.
具体实施方式detailed description
正如背景技术部分所述,目前的鱼植共生系统,不能自动调整植物和鱼类所处的环境,难以保证共生系统可以给植物和鱼类最佳的生存环境。As described in the background section, the current fish-plant symbiosis system does not automatically adjust the environment in which plants and fish are located, and it is difficult to ensure that the symbiotic system can give plants and fish the best living environment.
基于上述研究的基础上,本发明实施例提供了一种鱼植共生系统,通过环境监测装置可以监测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息,然后将环境信息发送给控制装置,控制装置可以根据预设的环境指标进行判断,当环境信息不符合环境指标时,控制装置可以自动控制调节装置进行工作,通过调节装置来调节植物和鱼类所处的环境,使其符合植物和鱼类的生长。Based on the above research, the embodiment of the present invention provides a fish-plant symbiosis system, which can monitor environmental information of plants and fish through an environmental monitoring device, and then send environmental information to the control device, and the control device can be preset according to the preset The environmental indicators determine that when the environmental information does not meet the environmental indicators, the control device can automatically control the adjustment device to work, and adjust the device to adjust the environment of the plants and fish to conform to the growth of plants and fish.
为了使本发明的上述目的、特征和优点能够更为明显易懂,下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式做详细的说明。The specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
在以下描述中阐述了具体细节以便于充分理解本发明。但是本发明能够以多种不同于在此描述的其它方式来实施,本领域技术人员可以在不违背本发明 内涵的情况下做类似推广。因此本发明不受下面公开的具体实施方式的限制。Specific details are set forth in the following description in order to provide a thorough understanding of the invention. However, the invention can be implemented in a variety of other ways than those described herein, and those skilled in the art can do without departing from the invention. Similar promotion in the case of connotation. The invention is therefore not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
请参考图1,图1为本发明一种具体实施方式所提供的一种鱼植共生系统。Please refer to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 is a fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
本发明的一种具体实施方式提供了一种鱼植共生系统,包括:培养箱,培养箱包括植物箱5以及和植物箱5连通的鱼缸1;环境监测装置,用于检测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息;调节装置,用于调节植物和鱼类所处的环境;控制装置6,用于当环境信息不符合预设的环境指标时,控制调节装置进行工作,控制装置6分别和环境监测装置以及调节装置连接。A specific embodiment of the present invention provides a fish culture symbiosis system comprising: an incubator comprising a plant box 5 and a fish tank 1 connected to the plant box 5; and an environmental monitoring device for detecting the presence of plants and fish Environmental information; an adjustment device for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located; and a control device 6 for controlling the adjustment device to operate when the environmental information does not comply with the preset environmental indicators, and the control device 6 and the environmental monitoring respectively The device and the adjustment device are connected.
在本实施例中,通过环境监测装置可以监测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息,然后将环境信息发送给控制装置6,控制装置6可以根据预设的环境指标进行判断,其中环境指标可以预设在控制装置中,当环境信息不符合环境指标时,控制装置6可以自动控制调节装置进行工作,通过调节装置来调节植物和鱼类所处的环境,使其符合植物和鱼类的生长。值得一提的是,当植物箱5内的植物的根系脱落的有机物进入鱼缸1时,鱼类可将此有机物和营养液中的浮游生物进行摄食,从而解决营养液中滋生浮游生物以及水体污染的问题。In this embodiment, the environmental monitoring device can monitor the environmental information of the plants and the fish, and then send the environmental information to the control device 6, and the control device 6 can judge according to the preset environmental indicators, wherein the environmental indicators can be pre- It is arranged in the control device. When the environmental information does not meet the environmental indicators, the control device 6 can automatically control the adjustment device to work, and the adjustment device adjusts the environment of the plants and fish to conform to the growth of plants and fish. It is worth mentioning that when the organic matter falling off the roots of the plants in the plant box 5 enters the aquarium 1, the fish can feed the organic matter and the plankton in the nutrient solution, thereby solving the breeding of plankton and water in the nutrient solution. The problem.
其中,环境信息包括培养箱内的PH值、EC值、温度值、湿度值、CO2浓度和光照中的至少一种,环境监测装置包括PH检测装置4和EC检测装置10、温度检测装置11、湿度检测装置和CO2浓度检测装置以及光照检测装置中的至少一种,其中环境信息和环境监测装置具有一一对应的关系。当然环境信息还可以包括其它的信息,例如鱼缸1内的水位等。此外还可以通过摄像头12实时监控培养箱内的情况,以便用户实时获取植物和鱼类生长的图像信息。The environmental information includes at least one of a pH value, an EC value, a temperature value, a humidity value, a CO 2 concentration, and a light in the incubator, and the environmental monitoring device includes the PH detecting device 4, the EC detecting device 10, and the temperature detecting device 11 At least one of a humidity detecting device, a CO 2 concentration detecting device, and a light detecting device, wherein the environmental information and the environmental monitoring device have a one-to-one correspondence. Of course, the environmental information may also include other information such as the water level in the aquarium 1 and the like. In addition, the camera 12 can be used to monitor the situation in the incubator in real time, so that the user can obtain image information of plant and fish growth in real time.
本发明的一种具体实施方式所提供的一种鱼植共生系统,调节装置包括用于调节植物和鱼类所处环境的温度的风扇13和加热器3、用于调节植物箱内的CO2浓度的CO2发生器、用于调节植物箱内的湿度的加湿器、用于调节植物所处环境的光照强度的补光灯8。A fish culture symbiosis system provided by an embodiment of the present invention, the adjusting device comprises a fan 13 and a heater 3 for regulating the temperature of the environment in which the plants and fish are located, and for adjusting the concentration of CO 2 in the plant box A CO 2 generator, a humidifier for adjusting the humidity in the plant box, and a fill light 8 for adjusting the light intensity of the environment in which the plant is located.
在本实施例中,当培养箱内的温度高于预设高温阈值时,控制装置6可以控制风扇13来降低温度,当温度低于预设低温阈值时,控制装置6可以控制加热器3来提高温度;当CO2浓度较低时,可以通过CO2发生器进行调整; 当植物箱内的湿度较低时,可以通过加湿器进行加湿;当光照强度不足时,可以提高补光灯8的亮度,其中补光灯优选为LED补光灯,当然也可以为其它类型的补光灯,只要可以调整光照强度即可。In this embodiment, when the temperature in the incubator is higher than the preset high temperature threshold, the control device 6 can control the fan 13 to lower the temperature, and when the temperature is lower than the preset low temperature threshold, the control device 6 can control the heater 3 to Increase the temperature; when the CO 2 concentration is low, it can be adjusted by the CO 2 generator; when the humidity in the plant box is low, it can be humidified by the humidifier; when the light intensity is insufficient, the fill light 8 can be improved. Brightness, wherein the fill light is preferably an LED fill light, and of course other types of fill light, as long as the light intensity can be adjusted.
此外当培养箱内的营养液PH不符合植物和鱼类的生长时,可以通过手工进行换水或者通过换水装置进行换水,当然也可以通过稀释或者增加培养液的浓度来改变PH值,另外EC值也可以通过调整PH的方式进行调整。In addition, when the pH of the nutrient solution in the incubator does not conform to the growth of plants and fish, the water can be changed by hand or by changing the water, or the pH can be changed by diluting or increasing the concentration of the culture solution. In addition, the EC value can also be adjusted by adjusting the PH.
其中还可以通过检测鱼缸内的含氧量,当含氧量较低时,可以通过供氧装置给鱼缸内增加氧气。It is also possible to detect the oxygen content in the aquarium. When the oxygen content is low, oxygen can be added to the aquarium through the oxygen supply device.
进一步地,植物箱5包括多层用于种植植物的种植层,种植层内设有营养液箱,营养液箱通过供水管9和回水管7和鱼缸1连通。通过供水管9和回水管7可以实现营养液的循环,不仅可以使植物及时获取养分,还可以使鱼类有充足的食物。Further, the plant box 5 includes a plurality of planting layers for planting plants, and a nutrient liquid tank is disposed in the planting layer, and the nutrient liquid tank is connected to the fish tank 1 through the water supply pipe 9 and the return water pipe 7. The circulation of nutrient solution can be achieved through the water supply pipe 9 and the return water pipe 7, which not only enables the plants to obtain nutrients in time, but also allows the fish to have sufficient food.
请参考图2,图2为本发明一种具体实施方式所提供的另一种鱼植共生系统。Please refer to FIG. 2. FIG. 2 is another fish culture symbiosis system according to an embodiment of the present invention.
其中,植物箱5可以位于鱼缸1的上部,将植物箱5设置在鱼缸1的上部一方面有利于植物获取足够的光照,另一方面可以便于植物根系脱落的有机物进入鱼缸1。当然植物箱5也可以位于鱼缸1的下部,供水管9底部设有水泵14。此外通过水泵14可以强制将鱼缸1内的水抽至营养液箱,或将营养液箱内的水抽至鱼缸1中,促进营养液的循环,避免鱼缸1内沉积植物脱落的根系和鱼类排泄物以及营养液自身滋生的杂物。Among them, the plant box 5 can be located at the upper part of the aquarium 1, and the plant box 5 can be placed on the upper part of the aquarium 1 to facilitate the plant to obtain sufficient light, and on the other hand, the organic matter which is detached from the root of the plant can enter the aquarium 1. Of course, the plant box 5 can also be located at the lower part of the aquarium 1, and the water pump 14 is provided at the bottom of the water supply pipe 9. In addition, the water pump 14 can forcibly pump the water in the aquarium 1 to the nutrient tank, or pump the water in the nutrient tank to the aquarium 1 to promote the circulation of the nutrient solution, and avoid the roots and fishes in which the plants in the aquarium 1 are deposited. Excreta and debris from the nutrient solution itself.
为了避免植物根系脱落的有机物再次进入营养液箱内,水泵14的进水口处设有过滤器2。In order to prevent the organic matter falling off the roots of the plant from entering the nutrient solution tank again, the water filter of the water pump 14 is provided with a filter 2.
为了提高用户的使用体验效果,还包括和控制装置连接的移动终端,移动终端用于输入环境指标和/或显示环境信息。其中用户可以通过移动终端来给控制装置输入环境指标,此外还可以根据实际情况修改环境指标中的参数,例如修改温度阈值等。另外用户还可以通过移动终端显示的环境信息,了解共生环境的情况,便于用户进行灵活地调整和控制。 In order to improve the user experience, the mobile terminal is further connected to the control device, and the mobile terminal is used to input environmental indicators and/or display environment information. The user can input the environmental indicator to the control device through the mobile terminal, and can also modify the parameter in the environmental indicator according to the actual situation, for example, modifying the temperature threshold. In addition, the user can also understand the situation of the symbiotic environment through the environmental information displayed by the mobile terminal, so that the user can flexibly adjust and control.
以上对本发明所提供的一种鱼植共生系统进行了详细介绍。本文中应用了具体个例对本发明的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本发明的核心思想。应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以对本发明进行若干改进和修饰,这些改进和修饰也落入本发明权利要求的保护范围内。 The fish symbiosis system provided by the present invention is described in detail above. The principles and embodiments of the present invention have been described herein with reference to specific examples. The description of the above embodiments is only for the purpose of understanding the core concepts of the present invention. It should be noted that those skilled in the art can make various modifications and changes to the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,包括:A fish-plant symbiosis system characterized by comprising:
    培养箱,所述培养箱包括植物箱以及和所述植物箱连通的鱼缸;An incubator comprising a plant box and a fish tank in communication with the plant box;
    环境监测装置,用于检测植物和鱼类所处的环境信息;Environmental monitoring device for detecting environmental information of plants and fish;
    调节装置,用于调节所述植物和鱼类所处的环境;An adjustment device for regulating the environment in which the plants and fish are located;
    控制装置,用于当所述环境信息不符合预设的环境指标时,控制所述调节装置进行工作,所述控制装置分别和所述环境监测装置以及所述调节装置连接。The control device is configured to control the adjusting device to work when the environmental information does not meet the preset environmental indicator, and the control device is respectively connected to the environment monitoring device and the adjusting device.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述环境监测装置包括PH检测装置和EC检测装置、温度检测装置、湿度检测装置和CO2浓度检测装置以及光照检测装置中的至少一种。The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 1, wherein said environmental monitoring device comprises at least one of a PH detecting device and an EC detecting device, a temperature detecting device, a humidity detecting device, a CO 2 concentration detecting device, and a light detecting device. One.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述环境信息包括所述培养箱内的温度值,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述培养箱内的温度的风扇和加热器。The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 2, wherein said environmental information includes a temperature value in said incubator, said adjusting means comprising a fan and a heater for adjusting a temperature in said incubator .
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的湿度信息,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述种植箱内的湿度的加湿器。The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 3, wherein said environmental information includes humidity information in said planting box, and said adjusting means includes a humidifier for adjusting humidity in said planting box.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的CO2浓度值,所述调节装置包括用于调节所述培养箱内的CO2浓度值的CO2发生器。The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 4, wherein said environmental information includes a CO 2 concentration value in said planting box, said adjusting means comprising means for adjusting a CO 2 concentration value in said incubator CO 2 generator.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述环境信息包括所述种植箱内的光照强度,所述调节装置包括位于所述种植箱内的补光灯。A fish-plant symbiosis system according to claim 5, wherein said environmental information comprises light intensity within said planting box, said adjusting means comprising a fill light located within said planting box.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述植物箱包括多层用于种植所述植物的种植层,所述种植层内设有营养液箱,所述营养液箱通过供水管和回水管和所述鱼缸连通。The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 6, wherein the plant box comprises a plurality of planting layers for planting the plants, wherein the planting layer is provided with a nutrient liquid tank, and the nutrient liquid tank passes A water supply pipe and a return pipe are connected to the fish tank.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述植物箱位于所述鱼缸的下部,所述供水管底部设有水泵。 The fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 7, wherein the plant box is located at a lower portion of the aquarium, and a water pump is provided at a bottom of the water supply pipe.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,所述水泵的进水口处设有过滤器。A fish culture symbiosis system according to claim 8, wherein a filter is provided at the water inlet of the water pump.
  10. 根据权利要求1至9任一项所述的鱼植共生系统,其特征在于,还包括和所述控制装置连接的移动终端,所述移动终端用于输入所述环境指标和/或显示所述环境信息。 The fish-plant symbiosis system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, further comprising a mobile terminal connected to said control device, said mobile terminal for inputting said environmental indicator and/or displaying said Environmental information.
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