WO2017173983A1 - Bale breaking and dust removing device - Google Patents

Bale breaking and dust removing device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017173983A1
WO2017173983A1 PCT/CN2017/079465 CN2017079465W WO2017173983A1 WO 2017173983 A1 WO2017173983 A1 WO 2017173983A1 CN 2017079465 W CN2017079465 W CN 2017079465W WO 2017173983 A1 WO2017173983 A1 WO 2017173983A1
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Prior art keywords
drum
dust removing
removing device
rotating shaft
blade portion
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PCT/CN2017/079465
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙佳斌
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北京金马伦科技发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201610214437.4A priority Critical patent/CN105691781B/en
Priority to CN201610214437.4 priority
Application filed by 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 filed Critical 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司
Publication of WO2017173983A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017173983A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21BFIBROUS RAW MATERIALS OR THEIR MECHANICAL TREATMENT
    • D21B1/00Fibrous raw materials or their mechanical treatment
    • D21B1/04Fibrous raw materials or their mechanical treatment by dividing raw materials into small particles, e.g. fibres

Abstract

A bale breaking and dust removing device (1) comprises a roller (10) and at least one rotating shaft (20), wherein the roller (10) comprises a feed opening and a discharge opening. A first cutter part (13) is arranged on the inner wall of the roller (10). At least a part of the rotating shaft (20) is located in the roller (10), and a second cutter part (21) is arranged on the rotating shaft (20). The first cutter part (13) and the second cutter part (21) break baled material when rotating with the roller (10) and the rotating shaft (20) respectively, and further tear the material apart when crossing each other in the roller (10). The bale breaking and dust removing device further removes impurities attached to the material by a dry dust removal method, and thus can simplify a follow-up purification and screening treatment.

Description

散包除尘装置Bulk dust removal device 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及废物回收与处理领域,具体涉及一种散包除尘装置。The invention relates to the field of waste recycling and treatment, and in particular to a bulk dust removal device.
背景技术Background technique
在废物的回收利用中,需要采取有效措施去除废物中的诸如粉灰、颗粒等杂质。以废纸回收为例,回收的废纸包括办公废纸、废旧包装箱、废旧水泥袋等。为了实现废纸的再利用,需要将废纸中的杂质尽量去除干净,使得后续得到的废纸浆的灰分含量接近原纸的灰分含量(5%以下)。In the recycling of waste, effective measures are needed to remove impurities such as dust and particles in the waste. Taking waste paper recycling as an example, the recycled waste paper includes office waste paper, used packaging boxes, and waste cement bags. In order to realize the reuse of waste paper, it is necessary to remove impurities in the waste paper as much as possible, so that the ash content of the subsequently obtained waste paper pulp is close to the ash content (less than 5%) of the base paper.
已知的废纸处理系统包括输送机(皮带机或链板机)、散包机和D型水力碎浆机。在废纸的处理过程中,废纸首先经输送机进入散包机,在散包机的滚筒内翻滚撞击后散开,部分杂质可在旋转滚筒的离心力的作用下通过筛孔排出。散开的废纸经滚筒内的螺旋带输出,并通过输送机送至D型水力碎浆机。D型水力碎浆机对废纸进行碎解并将不易碎解的杂质排出,并进入后续的筛选净化系统。Known waste paper processing systems include conveyors (belt or chain machines), bulk machines and D-type hydraulic pulpers. In the process of waste paper processing, the waste paper first enters the bulk wrapping machine through the conveyor, and is scattered after the tumbling impact in the drum of the bulk wrapping machine, and some impurities can be discharged through the mesh hole under the centrifugal force of the rotating drum. The scattered waste paper is output through a spiral belt in the drum and sent to a D-type hydraulic pulper through a conveyor. The D-type hydraulic pulper disintegrates the waste paper and discharges the non-decomposable impurities and enters the subsequent screening and purification system.
在上述的废纸处理系统,散包机的结构相对简单,只能去除废纸表面和废纸间夹带的杂质,对于包裹在废纸袋角中的杂质即使散包机中的滚筒连续不断地翻滚,也很难去除;另一方面,上述废纸处理系统中的废纸处理的工艺简单,废纸经过破碎、干法除尘等简单处理便进入碎浆工序,碎浆后的废纸成为纤维,由于纤维的比表面积远远大于废纸,其表面有较强吸附作用的羟基,羟基与细小的杂质颗粒相互吸附,在后续的筛选净化系统中更加难以去除。In the above-mentioned waste paper processing system, the structure of the bulk wrapping machine is relatively simple, and only the impurities entrained between the surface of the waste paper and the waste paper can be removed, and even if the impurities wrapped in the corners of the waste paper bag are continuously tumbling, the drum in the bulk wrapping machine continuously rolls. It is also difficult to remove; on the other hand, the waste paper processing process in the above waste paper processing system is simple, and the waste paper enters the pulping process after being simply processed by crushing, dry dust removal, etc., and the waste paper after pulping becomes fiber due to The specific surface area of the fiber is much larger than that of the waste paper. The surface has a strong adsorption hydroxyl group, and the hydroxyl group and the fine impurity particles adsorb each other, which is more difficult to remove in the subsequent screening and purification system.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种散包除尘装置。根据本发明实施例的散包除尘装置,包括:滚筒,滚筒包括进料口和出料口,并且滚筒的内壁上设 置有第一刀部;以及至少一个旋转轴,旋转轴的至少一部分位于滚筒内,并且旋转轴上设置有第二刀部;其中,第一刀部和第二刀部在分别随滚筒和旋转轴旋转时将成捆的物料打散,并且在滚筒内相互交错时进一步将物料撕开。It is an object of the present invention to provide a bulk dust removal device. A dust removing device according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a drum including a feeding port and a discharging port, and the inner wall of the drum is provided a first knife portion; and at least one rotating shaft, at least a portion of the rotating shaft is located in the drum, and the rotating shaft is provided with a second knife portion; wherein the first blade portion and the second blade portion respectively follow the drum and rotate The bundles of material are broken up as the shaft rotates and the material is further torn apart as they are interdigitated within the drum.
在一个示例性实施例中,滚筒的内壁上还设置有螺旋状的导料板以使物料从进料口被输送至出料口。In an exemplary embodiment, a spiral guide plate is also disposed on the inner wall of the drum to allow material to be conveyed from the feed port to the discharge port.
在一个示例性实施例中,第一刀部被设置在导料板上。In an exemplary embodiment, the first knife portion is disposed on the guide plate.
在一个示例性实施例中,第一刀部和第二刀部均为齿形刀。In an exemplary embodiment, the first blade portion and the second blade portion are both toothed knives.
在一个示例性实施例中,旋转轴上还设置有物料打散部件。In an exemplary embodiment, a material dissipating component is also disposed on the rotating shaft.
在一个示例性实施例中,物料打散部件比第二刀部更靠近进料口。In an exemplary embodiment, the material dispersing member is closer to the feed port than the second knife portion.
在一个示例性实施例中,物料打散部件包括第一棒状体,第一棒状体沿旋转轴的径向伸出。In an exemplary embodiment, the material dispersing member includes a first rod-like body that projects in a radial direction of the rotating shaft.
在一个示例性实施例中,旋转轴上还设置有物料振打部件。In an exemplary embodiment, a material rapping component is also disposed on the rotating shaft.
在一个示例性实施例中,物料振打部件比第二刀部更靠近出料口。In an exemplary embodiment, the material rapping member is closer to the discharge opening than the second knife portion.
在一个示例性实施例中,物料振打部件包括第二棒状体,第二棒状体沿旋转轴的径向伸出。In an exemplary embodiment, the material rapping member includes a second rod-shaped body that projects in a radial direction of the rotating shaft.
在一个示例性实施例中,滚筒内还设置有提料板,提料板设置在滚筒的内壁上并且从沿物料的输送方向斜向上延伸。In an exemplary embodiment, a picking plate is further disposed in the drum, and the lifting plate is disposed on the inner wall of the drum and extends obliquely upward from the conveying direction of the material.
在一个示例性实施例中,滚筒还设置有筛孔。In an exemplary embodiment, the drum is also provided with a mesh aperture.
在一个示例性实施例中,筛孔的直径在物料的输送方向上减小。In an exemplary embodiment, the diameter of the mesh is reduced in the direction of transport of the material.
在一个示例性实施例中,滚筒的内壁上还设置有顶柱。In an exemplary embodiment, a top post is also disposed on the inner wall of the drum.
在一个示例性实施例中,散包除尘装置还包括:密封罩,用于密封滚筒内的粉尘类杂质;除尘接口,设置在密封罩上,除尘机经由除尘接口与密封罩相连接。In an exemplary embodiment, the bulk dust removing device further comprises: a sealing cover for sealing dust-like impurities in the drum; a dust removing interface disposed on the sealing cover, the dust removing machine being connected to the sealing cover via the dust removing interface.
在一个示例性实施例中,散包除尘装置还包括:集料斗,位于滚筒的底部,所述滚筒内的颗粒状杂质被收集在所述集料斗中。In an exemplary embodiment, the bulk dust removing apparatus further includes: a collecting hopper located at a bottom of the drum, and particulate impurities in the drum are collected in the collecting hopper.
本发明提供的散包除尘装置,可将物料打散并且进一步被撕开,使得包裹在物料内的杂质暴露出来并尽量多的被去除,提高了除尘效果从而可以简化后续的净化筛选处理。 The bag dust removing device provided by the invention can break up the material and further tear it off, so that the impurities wrapped in the material are exposed and removed as much as possible, thereby improving the dust removing effect and simplifying the subsequent purification screening process.
附图说明DRAWINGS
从下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式的描述中可以更好地理解本发明,其中:The invention can be better understood from the following description of the embodiments of the invention, in which:
图1示出了根据本发明第一实施例的散包除尘装置的剖视图。Fig. 1 shows a cross-sectional view of a bulk dust removing device in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention.
图2示出了根据本发明第二实施例的散包除尘装置的剖视图。Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a bulk dust removing device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
图3示出了根据本发明第二实施例的第二刀部的示意图。Figure 3 shows a schematic view of a second knife portion in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
图4示出了根据本发明第二实施例的物料打散部件的示意图。Figure 4 shows a schematic view of a material dispensing component in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
图5示出了根据本发明第二实施例的物料振打部件的示意图。Figure 5 shows a schematic view of a material rapping component in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
图6示出了根据本发明第二实施例的散包除尘装置的主视图。Fig. 6 is a front elevational view showing a dust removing device according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
图7示出了根据本发明第二实施例的散包除尘装置的左视图。Fig. 7 shows a left side view of a bulk dust removing device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面将详细描述本发明的各个方面的特征和示例性实施例。在下面的详细描述中,提出了许多具体细节,以便提供对本发明的全面理解。但是,对于本领域技术人员来说很明显的是,本发明可以在不需要这些具体细节的情况下实施。下面对实施例的描述仅仅是为了通过示出本发明的示例来提供对本发明的更好的理解。本发明决不限于下面所提出的任何具体配置,而是在不脱离本发明的精神的前提下覆盖了元素和部件的任何修改、替换和改进。在附图和下面的描述中,没有示出公知的结构和技术,以便避免对本发明造成不必要的模糊。Features and exemplary embodiments of various aspects of the invention are described in detail below. In the following detailed description, numerous specific details are set forth However, it is apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without these specific details. The following description of the embodiments is merely provided to provide a better understanding of the invention. The present invention is in no way limited to any of the specifics of the details of the present invention, and it is intended to cover any modifications, substitutions and improvements of the elements and components without departing from the spirit of the invention. In the drawings and the following description, well-known structures and techniques are not shown in order to avoid unnecessary obscuring the invention.
图1示出了根据本发明第一实施例的散包除尘装置的剖视图。如图1所示,散包除尘装置1’包括滚筒10’和旋转轴20’。滚筒10’包括进料口和出料口,旋转轴20’位于滚筒10’内。滚筒10’的内壁上设置有第一刀部11’,旋转轴20’上设置有第二刀部21’。当滚筒10’和旋转轴20’旋转时,第一刀部11’和第二刀部21’分别随滚筒10’和旋转轴20’旋转并将滚筒10内成捆的物料打散。同时,当第一刀部11’和第二刀部21’相互交错时,位于第一刀部11’和第二刀部21’之间的物料进一步被撕开。Fig. 1 shows a cross-sectional view of a bulk dust removing device in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 1, the bulk dust removing device 1' includes a drum 10' and a rotating shaft 20'. The drum 10' includes a feed port and a discharge port, and the rotary shaft 20' is located inside the drum 10'. The inner wall of the drum 10' is provided with a first blade portion 11', and the second shaft portion 21' is provided on the rotating shaft 20'. When the drum 10' and the rotary shaft 20' are rotated, the first blade portion 11' and the second blade portion 21' respectively rotate with the drum 10' and the rotary shaft 20' and break up the bundled material in the drum 10. Meanwhile, when the first blade portion 11' and the second blade portion 21' are interdigitated with each other, the material between the first blade portion 11' and the second blade portion 21' is further torn.
利用本发明提供的散包除尘装置,可将物料打散并且进一步将其撕 开,使得包裹在物料内的杂质暴露出来并尽量多的被去除,提高了除尘效果从而可以简化后续的净化筛选处理。By using the bulk dust removing device provided by the invention, the material can be broken up and further torn The opening causes the impurities enclosed in the material to be exposed and removed as much as possible, thereby improving the dust removal effect and simplifying the subsequent purification screening process.
图2示出了根据本发明第二实施例的散包除尘装置的剖视图。在图2所示的实施例中,散包除尘装置1包括滚筒10和旋转轴20。滚筒10能够绕自身的中心线旋转并且设置有进料口和出料口。旋转轴20位于滚筒10内并且旋转轴20的两端分别从滚筒10的进料口和出料口伸出,旋转轴20的一端可以与旋转驱动装置连接,另一端可以通过支撑部件支撑。Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a bulk dust removing device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the bulk dust removing device 1 includes a drum 10 and a rotating shaft 20. The drum 10 is rotatable about its own center line and is provided with a feed port and a discharge port. The rotary shaft 20 is located inside the drum 10 and both ends of the rotary shaft 20 respectively protrude from the feed port and the discharge port of the drum 10. One end of the rotary shaft 20 can be coupled to the rotary drive, and the other end can be supported by the support member.
当然,旋转轴20还可参照图1设置成悬臂结构,即旋转轴20的一端与旋转驱动装置连接,另一端为自由端。Of course, the rotating shaft 20 can also be arranged in a cantilever structure with reference to FIG. 1, that is, one end of the rotating shaft 20 is connected to the rotary driving device, and the other end is a free end.
在图2所示的实施例中,滚筒10的内壁上设置螺旋状的导料板11,导料板11在滚筒10的整个长度方向延伸,在滚筒10的旋转过程中,导料板11可将进入滚筒10内的物料从进料口输送至出料口(物料输送方向为图2中的X方向)。In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, a spiral guide plate 11 is disposed on the inner wall of the drum 10, and the guide plate 11 extends over the entire length of the drum 10. During the rotation of the drum 10, the guide plate 11 can be The material entering the drum 10 is conveyed from the feed port to the discharge port (the material conveying direction is the X direction in Fig. 2).
导料板11上设置有顶柱12,当滚筒10旋转,滚筒10内的物料随滚筒10被不断翻转,当翻转的物料回落时可与顶柱12撞击,以打散物料和实现物料与杂质的分离。在一些实施例中,顶柱12还可直接设置在滚筒10的内壁上,只要顶柱12能够实现与物料的撞击即可。The top plate 12 is disposed on the guide plate 11. When the drum 10 rotates, the material in the drum 10 is continuously turned over with the drum 10. When the inverted material falls back, it can collide with the top column 12 to break up the material and realize materials and impurities. Separation. In some embodiments, the top post 12 can also be disposed directly on the inner wall of the drum 10 as long as the top post 12 can impact the material.
在图2所示的实施例中,导料板11上设置有多个第一刀部13,旋转轴20靠近滚筒10的底部,并且在旋转轴20上设有多个第二刀部21,第一刀部13和第二刀部21沿旋转轴20的轴向方向错开,相邻两个第一刀部13之间留有供第二刀部21通过的间隙,以保证在滚筒10和旋转轴20相对转动时不发生干涉。当滚筒10和旋转轴20旋转,第一刀部13和第二刀部21搅动物料并将成捆的物料打散。同时,当第二刀部21旋转至滚筒10的底部并与相邻的两个第一刀部13交错时,位于第一刀部13和第二刀部21之间的物料进一步被撕开。In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the guide plate 11 is provided with a plurality of first blade portions 13, the rotating shaft 20 is close to the bottom of the drum 10, and a plurality of second blade portions 21 are provided on the rotating shaft 20, The first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 are offset in the axial direction of the rotating shaft 20, and a gap for the passage of the second blade portion 21 is left between the adjacent two first blade portions 13 to ensure the roller 10 and No interference occurs when the rotating shaft 20 rotates relative to each other. When the drum 10 and the rotary shaft 20 rotate, the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 stir the animal material and break up the bundle of materials. Meanwhile, when the second blade portion 21 is rotated to the bottom of the drum 10 and interlaced with the adjacent two first blade portions 13, the material between the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 is further torn.
本领域技术人员应该理解,第一刀部13和第二刀部21的设置不仅限于图2所示出的情况。例如,第一刀部13还可直接设置在滚筒10的内壁上。并且第一刀部和第二刀部还可按其他方式排布或匹配,只要第一刀部13和第二刀部21能够实现打散和撕开物料的功能即可。 It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the arrangement of the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 is not limited to the case shown in FIG. For example, the first blade portion 13 may also be disposed directly on the inner wall of the drum 10. And the first blade portion and the second blade portion may be arranged or matched in other manners as long as the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 can realize the function of breaking and tearing the material.
此外,第一刀部13和第二刀部21的数量可根据滚筒的长度、滚筒内径等参数设置。在本实施例中,第一刀部13的数量可设置为10~30个,第二刀部21的数量可设置为3~10个。Further, the number of the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 may be set according to parameters such as the length of the drum, the inner diameter of the drum, and the like. In the present embodiment, the number of the first blade portions 13 may be set to 10 to 30, and the number of the second blade portions 21 may be set to 3 to 10.
在图2所示的实施例中,旋转轴20上还设置有物料打散部件22。物料打散部件22位于第二刀部21的左侧,更靠近进料口。当物料进入进料口,旋转轴20带动物料打散部件22搅动物料并将成捆的物料打散,以方便右侧的第一刀部13和第二刀部21相交错时能够进一步将物料撕开。In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, a material dispersing member 22 is further disposed on the rotating shaft 20. The material dispersing member 22 is located on the left side of the second blade portion 21, closer to the feed port. When the material enters the feed port, the rotating shaft 20 carries the animal material dispersing member 22 to stir the animal material and break up the bundled material, so as to further tear the material when the first knife portion 13 and the second knife portion 21 on the right side are staggered. .
在图2所示的实施例中,旋转轴20上还设置有物料振打部件23。物料振打部件23位于第二刀部21的右侧,更靠近出料口。当第一刀部13和第二刀部21将物料撕开,隐藏在物料内的杂质被暴露出来,通过物料振打部件23的拍打和搅动可进一步去除物料上的杂质。In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, a material rapping member 23 is also disposed on the rotating shaft 20. The material rapping member 23 is located on the right side of the second blade portion 21, closer to the discharge port. When the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 tear the material apart, the impurities hidden in the material are exposed, and the impurities on the material can be further removed by the tapping and agitation of the material rapping member 23.
在图2所示的实施例中,滚筒10内还设置有提料板14,提料板14设置在滚筒10的内壁上并且沿物料的输送方向斜向上延伸。当滚筒10旋转,提料板14可将物料提升到滚筒10的中上部,并在滚筒10旋转时被抛落,进一步起到摔打散包的作用。提料板14的设置数量不仅限于图2中所示出的两条,还可设置为多条。In the embodiment shown in Fig. 2, a strip 14 is provided in the drum 10, and the strip 14 is disposed on the inner wall of the drum 10 and extends obliquely upward in the conveying direction of the material. When the drum 10 is rotated, the lifting plate 14 can lift the material to the upper middle portion of the drum 10, and is thrown off when the drum 10 rotates, further functioning as a sacking. The number of the picking plates 14 is not limited to the two shown in FIG. 2, and may be set to a plurality of strips.
图3示出了第二刀部的一个实施例的示意图。如图3所示的实施例中,第二刀部21设置为齿形刀,齿形刀包括多个齿板211,齿板的长度约为200mm~400mm,并且每个齿板的工作面上均设有锯齿。Figure 3 shows a schematic view of one embodiment of a second knife portion. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the second blade portion 21 is provided as a toothed blade, and the toothed blade includes a plurality of tooth plates 211 having a length of about 200 mm to 400 mm and a working surface of each tooth plate. All have serrations.
当然,第一刀部13也可采用与第二刀部21相同结构的齿形刀。但本领域技术应当理解,第一刀部13和第二刀部21的实施例不仅限于图3中所示出的情况,根据物料的类型或材质的不同,第一刀部13和第二刀部21还可选择不同的形状和结构。Of course, the first blade portion 13 can also adopt a toothed blade having the same structure as the second blade portion 21. However, it should be understood in the art that the embodiments of the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21 are not limited to the case shown in FIG. 3, and the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion are different depending on the type or material of the material. The portion 21 can also be selected in different shapes and configurations.
图4示出了物料打散部件的一个实施例的示意图。物料打散部件22被设置成包括多个棒状体221,棒状体221分别沿旋转轴20的径向伸出。棒状体设置在卡环上并通过卡环固定在旋转轴20上。当旋转轴20旋转,棒状体可持续搅动并拍打物料,将成捆的物料打散并实现物料与杂质的分离。Figure 4 shows a schematic view of one embodiment of a material dispensing component. The material dispersing member 22 is provided to include a plurality of rod-shaped bodies 221 which respectively protrude in the radial direction of the rotating shaft 20. The rod is disposed on the snap ring and is fixed to the rotating shaft 20 by a snap ring. When the rotating shaft 20 rotates, the rod body can continuously stir and beat the material, and the bundled materials are broken up to realize the separation of the materials from the impurities.
图5示出了物料振打部件的一个实施例的示意图。物料振打部件23 被设置为包括多个棒状体231,棒状体231分别沿旋转轴20的径向伸出。棒状体设置在卡环上并通过卡环固定在旋转轴20上。当旋转轴20旋转,棒状体可拍打并搅动物料,实现对物料的进一步拍打和除尘。物料振打部件23中棒状体的长度可以设置为200mm~400mm。Figure 5 shows a schematic diagram of one embodiment of a material rapping component. Material rapping part 23 It is provided to include a plurality of rod-shaped bodies 231 which respectively protrude in the radial direction of the rotary shaft 20. The rod is disposed on the snap ring and is fixed to the rotating shaft 20 by a snap ring. When the rotating shaft 20 rotates, the rod body can beat and stir the animal material to achieve further tapping and dusting of the material. The length of the rod in the material rapping member 23 can be set to 200 mm to 400 mm.
本领域技术人员应当理解,物料打散部件22和物料振打部件23还可分别设置在旋转轴20的其它部位并且数量不限,只要两者能够实现各自的功能即可。并且,物料打散部件22和物料振打部件23的实施方式也不仅限于图4~5所示出的情况,根据物料的类型或材质的不同,物料打散部件22和物料振打部件23还可选用其他方案。It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the material dispersing member 22 and the material rapping member 23 can also be disposed at other portions of the rotating shaft 20, respectively, and the number is not limited as long as the two can achieve their respective functions. Moreover, the embodiment of the material dispersing member 22 and the material rapping member 23 is not limited to the case shown in FIGS. 4 to 5, and the material dispersing member 22 and the material rapping member 23 are also different depending on the type or material of the material. Other options are available.
为了方便杂质的排出,滚筒10上还设置有筛孔(附图中未示出),在滚筒10的旋转过程中,与物料分离的杂质在滚筒10的旋转离心力的作用下可以通过筛孔排出。In order to facilitate the discharge of impurities, the drum 10 is further provided with a mesh hole (not shown in the drawing). During the rotation of the drum 10, the impurities separated from the material can be discharged through the mesh hole by the centrifugal force of the rotation of the drum 10. .
根据物料的情况不同,筛孔的直径可设置成不同。在本实施例中,筛孔的直径可以沿物料的输送方向减小。具体地,物料打散部件22设置在滚筒10的前段并且靠近进料口,此时物料未被第一刀部13和第二刀部21撕开,尺寸相对较大。因此,在滚筒10的前段,筛孔的直径可较大,例如筛孔的直径为30mm。而在滚筒10的后端靠近出料口的部位,此时的大部分物料已被第一刀部13和第二刀部21撕开,尺寸相对较小。为了减小物料随筛孔流失,筛孔的直径可以减小,例如筛孔的直径为25mm。而在滚筒10的中段即进料口和出料口之间的部位,筛孔的直径为30mm和25mm两种。当然,根据物料的情况不同,滚筒10上筛孔的开孔率可设置成相同或不同。The diameter of the mesh holes can be set different depending on the material. In this embodiment, the diameter of the mesh opening can be reduced in the direction of transport of the material. Specifically, the material dispersing member 22 is disposed at the front portion of the drum 10 and near the feed port, at which time the material is not torn by the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21, and the size is relatively large. Therefore, in the front section of the drum 10, the diameter of the mesh hole can be large, for example, the diameter of the mesh hole is 30 mm. On the other hand, at the rear end of the drum 10 near the discharge opening, most of the material at this time has been torn by the first blade portion 13 and the second blade portion 21, and the size is relatively small. In order to reduce the loss of material with the mesh hole, the diameter of the mesh hole can be reduced, for example, the diameter of the mesh hole is 25 mm. In the middle portion of the drum 10, that is, the portion between the feed port and the discharge port, the diameter of the mesh holes is 30 mm and 25 mm. Of course, the opening ratio of the mesh holes on the drum 10 may be set to be the same or different depending on the material.
图6示出了第二实施例的散包除尘装置的主视图。散包除尘装置1还设置有用于密封滚筒10内粉尘类杂质的密封罩15,密封罩15上设置有除尘接口16,除尘机可经由除尘接口16与密封罩15连接。这样,从筛孔中排出的粉尘类杂质可通过除尘接口16被除尘机集中收纳。Fig. 6 is a front elevational view showing the bulk dust removing device of the second embodiment. The bulk dust removing device 1 is further provided with a sealing cover 15 for sealing dust-like impurities in the drum 10. The sealing cover 15 is provided with a dust removing interface 16, and the dust removing machine can be connected to the sealing cover 15 via the dust removing interface 16. Thus, the dust-like impurities discharged from the sieve holes can be collectively stored by the dust remover through the dust removing port 16.
在图6所示的实施例中,滚筒10的底部还设置有集料斗17,从筛孔排出的颗粒状杂质可收集在集料斗17内。In the embodiment shown in Fig. 6, the bottom of the drum 10 is further provided with a collecting hopper 17, and particulate impurities discharged from the mesh holes can be collected in the collecting hopper 17.
在图6所示的实施例中,滚筒10的圆周壁上设置有旋转轨道18。利 用托轮与旋转轨道18啮合可实现滚筒10的连续旋转,拖轮通过驱动装置例如电机驱动。In the embodiment shown in Fig. 6, a rotating rail 18 is provided on the circumferential wall of the drum 10. Profit Continuous rotation of the drum 10 can be achieved by the engagement of the idler wheel with the rotating track 18, which is driven by a drive such as a motor.
图7示出了第二实施例的散包除尘装置的左视图。在图7所示的实施例中,旋转轴20通过带传动装置19驱动,并且旋转轴20的转速可控制在20~100rpm。Fig. 7 shows a left side view of the bulk dust removing device of the second embodiment. In the embodiment shown in Fig. 7, the rotary shaft 20 is driven by the belt transmission 19, and the rotational speed of the rotary shaft 20 can be controlled at 20 to 100 rpm.
滚筒10可以与旋转轴20的转向可以相同,也可以不同。The drum 10 may be the same as or different from the steering of the rotating shaft 20.
本领域技术人员应该理解,滚筒10和旋转轴20的驱动方式不仅限于图6~7所示出的情况,还有其他方式可以实现滚筒10与旋转轴20转动。It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the driving manner of the drum 10 and the rotating shaft 20 is not limited to the case shown in Figs. 6 to 7, and there are other ways in which the drum 10 and the rotating shaft 20 can be rotated.
根据本发明实施例的散包除尘装置可以作为造纸企业的废纸回收利用系统的一部分被使用,以提高利用废纸生产的再生纸的质量。The bulk dedusting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention can be used as part of a waste paper recycling system of a papermaking enterprise to improve the quality of recycled paper produced using waste paper.
尽管已经参考示例性实施例描述了本发明,但是应理解,本发明并不限于上述实施例的构造。相反,本发明意在覆盖各种修改例和等同配置。另外,尽管在各种示例性结合体和构造中示出了所公开发明的各种元件,但是包括更多、更少的元件的其它组合也落在本发明的范围之内。 Although the invention has been described with reference to the exemplary embodiments, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to the construction of the embodiments described above. On the contrary, the invention is intended to cover various modifications and equivalents. Additionally, while the various elements of the disclosed invention are shown in various exemplary combinations and configurations, other combinations including more and fewer elements are also within the scope of the invention.

Claims (16)

  1. 一种散包除尘装置,包括:A bulk dust removal device comprising:
    滚筒,所述滚筒包括进料口和出料口,并且所述滚筒的内壁上设置有第一刀部;以及a drum including a feed port and a discharge port, and a first blade portion is disposed on an inner wall of the drum;
    至少一个旋转轴,所述旋转轴的至少一部分位于所述滚筒内,并且所述旋转轴上设置有第二刀部;At least one rotating shaft, at least a portion of the rotating shaft is located in the drum, and the rotating shaft is provided with a second knife portion;
    其中,所述第一刀部和所述第二刀部在分别随所述滚筒和所述旋转轴旋转时将成捆的物料打散,并且在所述滚筒内相互交错时进一步将物料撕开。Wherein the first blade portion and the second blade portion break up the bundled materials when rotating with the drum and the rotating shaft, respectively, and further tear the material apart when the rollers are interlaced.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述滚筒的内壁上还设置有螺旋状的导料板以使所述物料从所述进料口被输送至所述出料口。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 1, wherein a spiral guide plate is further disposed on an inner wall of the drum to convey the material from the feed port to the discharge port. .
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述第一刀部被设置在所述导料板上。A loose dust removing device according to claim 2, wherein said first blade portion is provided on said guide plate.
  4. 根据权利要求1至3中任一项所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述第一刀部和所述第二刀部均为齿形刀。The bulk dust removing device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first blade portion and the second blade portion are both toothed blades.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述旋转轴上还设置有物料打散部件。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft is further provided with a material dispersing member.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述物料打散部件比所述第二刀部更靠近所述进料口。A bulk dust removing device according to claim 5, wherein said material dispersing member is closer to said feed port than said second blade portion.
  7. 根据权利要求5或6所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述物料打散部件包括第一棒状体,所述第一棒状体沿所述旋转轴的径向伸出。A loose dust removing device according to claim 5 or 6, wherein said material scattering member comprises a first rod-shaped body, and said first rod-like body projects in a radial direction of said rotating shaft.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述旋转轴上还设置有物料振打部件。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 1, wherein a material rapping member is further disposed on the rotating shaft.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述物料振打部件比所述第二刀部更靠近所述出料口。A bulk dust removing apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said material rapping member is closer to said discharge port than said second blade portion.
  10. 根据权利要求8或9所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述物料振打部件包括第二棒状体,所述第二棒状体沿所述旋转轴的径向伸出。 A loose dust removing device according to claim 8 or 9, wherein said material rapping member comprises a second rod-like body which projects in a radial direction of said rotating shaft.
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述滚筒内还设置有提料板,所述提料板设置在所述滚筒的内壁上并且沿所述物料的输送方向斜向上延伸。The loose dust removing device according to claim 1, wherein a lifting plate is further disposed in the drum, and the lifting plate is disposed on an inner wall of the drum and obliquely upwards along a conveying direction of the material. extend.
  12. 根据权利要求2所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述滚筒还设置有筛孔。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 2, wherein the drum is further provided with a mesh opening.
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述筛孔的直径在所述物料的输送方向上减小。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 12, wherein the diameter of the mesh hole is decreased in a conveying direction of the material.
  14. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,所述滚筒的内壁上还设置有顶柱。The bulk dust removing device according to claim 1, wherein a top column is further disposed on an inner wall of the drum.
  15. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,还包括:The bulk dust removal device according to claim 1, further comprising:
    密封罩,用于密封所述滚筒内的粉尘类杂质;a sealing cover for sealing dust-like impurities in the drum;
    除尘接口,设置在所述密封罩上,除尘机经由所述除尘接口与所述密封罩相连接。A dust removing interface is disposed on the sealing cover, and the dust removing machine is connected to the sealing cover via the dust removing interface.
  16. 根据权利要求1所述的散包除尘装置,其特征在于,还包括:集料斗,位于所述滚筒的底部,所述滚筒内的颗粒状杂质被收集在所述集料斗中。 The bulk dust removing apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising: a collecting hopper located at a bottom of the drum, wherein particulate impurities in the drum are collected in the collecting hopper.
PCT/CN2017/079465 2016-04-07 2017-04-05 Bale breaking and dust removing device WO2017173983A1 (en)

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CN105691781B (en) * 2016-04-07 2018-05-08 北京金马伦科技发展有限公司 Bales Off dust-extraction unit
CN107637848B (en) * 2017-10-18 2019-09-13 青岛荣发食品有限公司 A kind of wind washes dust removal machine

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