WO2017086006A1 - Cylinder printing tool and printing device using cylinder printing tool - Google Patents

Cylinder printing tool and printing device using cylinder printing tool Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017086006A1
WO2017086006A1 PCT/JP2016/077159 JP2016077159W WO2017086006A1 WO 2017086006 A1 WO2017086006 A1 WO 2017086006A1 JP 2016077159 W JP2016077159 W JP 2016077159W WO 2017086006 A1 WO2017086006 A1 WO 2017086006A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
rotating roller
movable
movable part
base
cylindrical printing
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/JP2016/077159
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
研人 中西
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武藤工業株式会社
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Application filed by 武藤工業株式会社 filed Critical 武藤工業株式会社
Priority to JP2017551746A priority Critical patent/JP6374617B2/en
Publication of WO2017086006A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017086006A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C13/00Means for manipulating or holding work, e.g. for separate articles
    • B05C13/02Means for manipulating or holding work, e.g. for separate articles for particular articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/407Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
    • B41J3/4073Printing on three-dimensional objects not being in sheet or web form, e.g. spherical or cubic objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J11/00Devices or arrangements  of selective printing mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers or thermal printers, for supporting or handling copy material in sheet or web form
    • B41J11/20Platen adjustments for varying the strength of impression, for a varying number of papers, for wear or for alignment, or for print gap adjustment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a detachable cylindrical printing jig used in a table moving type printing apparatus and a printing apparatus using the cylindrical printing jig.
  • a printing jig for performing curved surface printing using a general-purpose printing apparatus is conventionally known (see Patent Document 1). Further, an ink jet printer having a printing body holding member that performs printing on a three-dimensional object having a cylindrical portion is conventionally known (see Patent Document 2). Further, a printing jig for a three-dimensional printed material capable of printing a plurality of different shapes of printed materials at once is known (see Patent Document 3).
  • This type of conventional jig requires a large-scale work such as replacing the table by providing a jig dedicated to the printer device, and even when using a printer device table drive, it has a structure for driving. There is a problem that attachment to the printer device is a difficult task and cannot be easily performed. In addition, if only a jig is attached to the printer device, printing can be performed only on the upper surface portion of the cylinder. Therefore, when printing is performed on the entire peripheral surface of the cylinder, a mechanism for rotating the cylinder is necessary. There is a problem that a complicated mechanism is required to cope with a cylinder with a diameter.
  • the present invention aims to solve the above-mentioned problems, and in a cylindrical printing jig used for a table moving type printer, it can be easily attached to and detached from the printer, and the attachment is free and simple. There are various cylinders with different diameters.
  • the present invention is a cylindrical printing jig used in a printing apparatus having a movable table, and a base 20 detachably fixed to a body of the printing apparatus, and the base 20 A movable part 24 that is separate from the movable part 24; a connection mechanism that connects the movable part 24 to the base part 20 so as not to move in the transport direction of the table; and And a roller mechanism that contacts by the weight of 24 and converts the movement of the table into the rotation of the cylindrical print medium.
  • the roller mechanism is rotatably connected to the movable portion 24 and is in contact with the table.
  • the roller mechanism is rotatably connected to the movable portion 24, and the first rotating roller.
  • the present invention is characterized in that the auxiliary wheel 36 is rotatably supported on the movable portion 24 so as to contact the table with a predetermined distance from the roller mechanism.
  • one side of the connection mechanism is rotatably connected to the base portion 20, and the other side is slidable on a guide portion 46 provided on the movable portion 24 in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table.
  • the first link part 22 to be connected and the second link part 40 that one side is rotatably connected to one side of the movable part 24 and the other side is rotatably connected to the intermediate part of the first link part 22.
  • the movable portion 24 is constituted by side frame portions 24a and 24b made of a pair of elongated plate members parallel to each other, and the first rotating roller 30 and the pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b.
  • a second rotating roller 32 is rotatably supported, and a shaft portion 44 and a side frame portion 24a, each having a free end side protruding from the first link portion 22 between a pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b.
  • a guide part 46 extending in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table on the 24b side is slidably suspended, and the second link part 40 is rotatably pivoted on each of the pair of side frame parts 24a and 24b. Characterized by support.
  • the present invention is characterized in that reinforcing portions 26, 27, and 28 are installed between the pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b.
  • the movable portion 24 is provided with either one of a long hole 54 and a screw 52 extending linearly in a direction perpendicular to the table surface, and the base portion 20 has the long hole 54 and a screw. 52 is provided, and a shaft portion of a screw 50 that is screwed into the base portion 20 or the side frame portion 24 is slidably fitted into the elongated hole 54, and the movable portion 24 is moved by the screw 50. It is possible to fix to the base 20.
  • the present invention is a printing apparatus including a movable table, and includes a base portion 20, a movable portion 24 that is separate from the base portion 20, and the movable portion 24 transporting the table to the base portion 20. And a roller mechanism provided in the movable part 24 that contacts the table by the weight of the movable part 24 and converts the movement of the table into rotation of a cylindrical print medium.
  • a cylindrical printing jig is provided, and the base 20 of the cylindrical printing jig is detachably fixed to the machine body.
  • the present invention is characterized in that the connecting mechanism is configured to connect the movable portion 24 to the base portion 20 so as to be movable up and down.
  • the present invention has a structure in which a part of the jig is fixed to the printer device and the movable part is simply placed on the table, the attachment and removal are free and simple, and the diameter of the cylinder placed on the jig is small. Even if it changes, it is possible to cope with it simply by adjusting the height of the table according to its diameter. In addition, it is possible to print on the entire circumference of the cylinder by using the force of moving the table just by placing the jig on the table of the table moving type printing device. It can be used immediately as a mobile printing device.
  • FIG. 3 is an explanatory view of the appearance of the inkjet printer 2 with the cylindrical printing jig 4 attached thereto.
  • a head guide rail 10 that guides an ink jet print head 8 in the main scanning direction (Y-axis direction) is installed on the body 6 of the printer 2.
  • the print head 8 is formed integrally with the head carriage, and the head carriage is movably connected to the head guide rail 10.
  • the machine body 6 of the printer 2 is provided with a table 12, and the table 12 (see FIG. 1) is connected to an X-axis moving body 14 that can move in the front-rear direction (X-axis direction) of the machine body 6. See).
  • the X-axis moving body 14 is attached so as to be movable along an X-axis guide 18 disposed in the machine body 6 and is configured to move in the X-axis direction under the control of a controller.
  • the machine body 6 of the printer 2 is provided with a table elevating handle (not shown). By operating this handle, the height of the table 12 is kept parallel to the main scanning direction (Y-axis direction) of the head 8. The distance between the print object and the inkjet head can be adjusted with respect to the height of each object.
  • the printer 2 is used for printing on a medium having a normal flat surface with the jig 4 removed.
  • the media is set on the table 12, and the print head 8 is reciprocated along the head guide rail 10 in the Y-axis direction while moving the table 12 in the X-axis direction under the control of the controller.
  • ultraviolet curable ink is ejected from the print head 8 to the print enforcement area at the top of the media, and printing is performed in the print enforcement area of the media.
  • the range used by the nozzle 8a may be set to a range b corresponding to the width a of the media printing enforcement area.
  • printing is performed by lowering the table and adjusting the distance between the print head 8 and the medium 62.
  • the head carriage is equipped with an ultraviolet irradiation device (not shown), and the printing surface of the medium is irradiated with ultraviolet rays during printing.
  • an ultraviolet irradiation device not shown
  • the printing surface of the medium is irradiated with ultraviolet rays during printing.
  • what is necessary is just to use what is necessary for a combination with a printing target object, and is not limited to an ultraviolet curable ink.
  • the jig 4 includes a base 20 made of a rectangular plate member, a first link portion 22 made of a rectangular plate member, and a pair of side frame portions 24 a and 24 b that are parallel to each other.
  • One side of the base 20 is provided with a clamp mechanism 41 for detachably fixing the base 20 to the front wall 6a of the body 6 of the printer 2.
  • Mounting pieces are formed at right angles on both sides of the base 20, and one side of the first link portion 22 is rotatably supported by the shaft 42.
  • the other of the first link parts 22 is slidably fitted into a guide part 46 having a long hole in the side frame part 24 in the longitudinal movement direction of the table 12 with a shaft 44 protruding left and right.
  • a guide part 46 having a long hole in the side frame part 24 in the longitudinal movement direction of the table 12 with a shaft 44 protruding left and right.
  • a first rotating roller 30 and a second rotating roller 32 are rotatably supported with predetermined steps and intervals.
  • the first rotary roller 30 on the downstream side is disposed below and the second rotary roller 32 is disposed above in the conveying direction of the table at the time of printing, but this is a cylinder to be printed at the time of printing.
  • the positional relationship is as described above. However, the position may be adjusted as necessary, and the structure is not limited to this.
  • Auxiliary wheels 36 and 38 are rotatably supported before and after the side frame portions 24a and 24b.
  • Each one of the second link portions 40 is rotatably supported by a shaft 48 in front of the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b, and each other of the second link portions 40 is an intermediate portion of the first link portion 22.
  • Each side part is rotatably supported by a shaft 50.
  • the width of the base 20 is set according to the table 12.
  • the base portion 20 is formed with rising portions on both sides at the rear thereof, and the shaft portion of the screw 52 that is screwed into the screw hole formed in the rising portion is formed in the elongated hole 54 formed in the side frame portions 24a and 24b. It is slidably fitted.
  • the elongate guide elongate hole 54 is formed in a direction perpendicular to the surface of the table 12 when the side frame portions 24a and 24b are placed in parallel to the table 12 by their own weight via the roller 30, the auxiliary wheel 38 or the auxiliary wheel 36. It is set to extend straight.
  • the long hole 54 may be provided on the base 20 side, and the screw 52 may be provided on the side frame 24 side.
  • the first rotating roller 30 is formed to have a larger diameter than the second rotating roller 32, and a friction surface made of a rubber surface is provided on the surface so that friction is generated between the first rotating roller 30 and the surface of the table 12. The friction surface is also used to contact the media 62 and impart rotation to the media 62.
  • the protruding amounts of the lower surfaces of the rotating roller 30 and the auxiliary wheels 36 and 38 are set to be equal to the lower surfaces 24c of the side frame portions 24a and 24b located on the same plane parallel to each other, and the movable portion 24 of the table 12
  • the auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 come into contact with the table 12 due to the weight of the movable part 24, and the mounting position of the auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 is set so that the movable part 24 is supported horizontally on the table 12.
  • the auxiliary wheel 38 and the rotating roller 30 of the movable portion 24 on the table 12 rotate with the auxiliary wheel 36 so that the movable portion 24 contacts the table 12 and is supported horizontally on the table 12 due to the weight of the movable portion 24.
  • the attachment position of the roller 30 is set.
  • the second rotating roller 32 is configured such that its lower surface is set higher than the lower surface of the first rotating roller 30 and does not contact the table 12 surface.
  • the longitudinal direction of the guide portions 46 formed on the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b is set in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b, that is, the transport direction in the X-axis direction of the table 24.
  • the long hole 54 is set in a vertical direction, that is, a direction parallel to the elevation direction of the table 12.
  • the base 20 of the jig 4 is disposed on the upper surface of the body 6 of the printer 2, the locking plate 60 of the base 20 is disposed on the back surface of the front wall 6 a of the substrate 6, and the clamp shaft 56 of the clamp mechanism 41 is moved.
  • the jig 4 is fixed to the front wall 6 a of the machine body 6 by operating the lever 58 to press against the wall surface of the machine body 6. This fixing can be easily released by operating the lever 58 to retract the clamp shaft 56.
  • the clamp mechanism 41 can have any configuration, and the description of the internal structure is omitted. Further, it may be fixed to the machine body 6 of the apparatus with screws or the like, and any structure may be used as long as it can be easily detached and fixed. In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, the distance between the shafts 42 and 50, the distance between the shafts 48 and 50, and the distance between the shafts 50 and 44 of the link mechanism are set to be the same. It is arranged directly below.
  • the movable portion 24 is placed on the table 12 by its own weight via the auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 or via the auxiliary wheel 38 and the rotating roller 30. Placed. In this state, the positions of the rollers 30 and 32 are set so as to be located immediately below the ink discharge path of the print head 8 in the portion between the first rotating roller 30 and the second rotating roller 32.
  • the rollers 30 and 32 may have a diameter within a range that can be handled by the printing apparatus (a range that can be handled by the vertical movement of the table) even if the diameter of the media 62 is large or small.
  • the position immediately below the print head 8 of the medium 62 is set to be the same.
  • the table height adjustment handle of the printer 2 is operated, and the table 12 is moved up and down while looking at the scale.
  • the printer 2 may be configured to be provided with an automatic height adjustment mechanism so that the height of the medium is detected by a sensor and the height adjustment is automatically performed. Further, a member for regulating the height (upper limit position) of the position of the printing surface may be provided in the apparatus, and the printing surface may be positioned by raising the table 12 until the media 62 contacts the restriction surface.
  • the connecting shaft 50 of the link mechanism rises while rotating about the rotation shaft 42, and the shaft 44 moves along the guide portion 46 to the right in the figure. Slide in the direction.
  • the connecting shaft 48 and the rotating shaft 42 have the same height, and the shaft portion 44 moves to the right of the guide portion 46.
  • the connecting shaft 50 is lowered while rotating about the rotating shaft 42, and the shaft 44 slides in the left direction in the drawing along the long hole 46.
  • the connecting shaft 48 moves up and down along the linear direction, and the table 24 is prevented from moving left and right in FIG. Therefore, when the height of the medium 62 is adjusted, the position of the medium 62 does not deviate from the position immediately below the movement path of the print head 8 in the X-axis direction, that is, the conveying direction of the table 24.
  • the shaft portion 44 is movable in the left-right direction (X-axis direction) along the guide surface of the guide portion 46, the movable portion 24 moves relative to the table 12 in conjunction with the vertical movement of the table 12. And can move up and down while maintaining a horizontal state.
  • the load that tends to shift to the left and right of the movable portion 24 is transmitted via the link portion 40 to the link portion 22.
  • the link portion 22 can rotate about the shaft 42 by the load in the upward or downward direction of the link portion 40, the shaft 48, that is, the movable portion 24 will be displaced in the X-axis direction.
  • the link portion 22 cannot move up and down with respect to the guide portion 46 because the shaft 44 is fitted in the elongated hole of the guide portion 46 extending in the left-right direction (X-axis direction) in the drawing.
  • FIG. 5A shows a state where the table 12 has moved to the back of the printer 2.
  • the table 12 is shown at a position where it contacts the auxiliary wheel 36 behind the movable portion 24, in the case of a structure in which the table 12 is moved from a position further rearward, the movable portion further rearward of the auxiliary wheel 36. You may provide the auxiliary wheel for riding on the table 12 in the front-end
  • FIG. 5B shows the position of the table 12 during printing.
  • the first rotating roller 30 and the auxiliary wheel 36 come into contact with the table 12 due to the weight of the movable portion 24.
  • the first rotating roller 30 is rotated by contact friction due to the weight of the movable portion 24 with the table 12, thereby rotating the media 62.
  • the second rotating roller 32 rotates with the first rotating roller 32.
  • the print head 8 reciprocates while ejecting ink in the Y-axis direction on the medium 62, and printing is performed on the surface of the medium 62.
  • the table 12 moves in the forward direction, and the first rotating roller 30 is rotated by the movement, and the next printing range of the medium 62 is conveyed to the top portion. This operation is repeated to perform printing on the peripheral surface of the medium 62.
  • the movement range at the time of printing of the table 12 is set so that printing can be performed on the entire circumference of the medium 62, and the conveyance distance of the movement table 12 is directly the conveyance distance of the medium circumferential surface.
  • a distance equal to or greater than 62 circumference is a distance from the position where the first rotating roller 30 performs printing to the front auxiliary wheel 38.
  • a distance of at least d ⁇ ⁇ is required. Become. Therefore, if this distance is set so as to be equal to or exceeding the circumference corresponding to the maximum media diameter d that can be handled by the apparatus, the movable portion 24 is placed on the table 12 as shown in FIG. Even if there are cases where there are three points, printing has been completed and printing will not be affected.
  • FIG. 5C shows a state when the table 12 is moved forward after the printing is finished.
  • the table 12 contacts the auxiliary wheel 38 in front of the movable part 24, and the movable part 24 includes auxiliary wheels 36, 38 and the first rotating roller 30 are in contact with the table 12 at three points.
  • FIG. 5D shows a state in which the table 12 has moved further forward after the printing is completed, and the table 12 contacts two points of the auxiliary wheel 38 and the first rotating roller 30.
  • the transport distance of the table 12 is large, but in this structure, since printing on the medium 62 is performed after contacting the rotating roller 30, it is necessary.
  • the table 12 may be controlled to move.
  • an apparatus for performing printing by moving the head in the Y-axis direction has been described.
  • the medium 62 is moved only by moving the table without moving the head in the Y-axis direction. It is also possible to carry out printing by continuously rotating and the structure may be selected in various ways within a range not exceeding the gist of the present invention.
  • the roller mechanism that is arranged in the movable portion 24 and contacts the table 12 by the weight of the movable portion 24 and converts the movement of the table 12 into the rotation of the cylindrical print medium 62 is the same as the first rotating roller 30 shown in the above embodiment.
  • the configuration of the pair of rollers of the second rotating roller 32 is not limited, and as shown in FIG. 6, a roller 31 is rotatably provided in the movable portion 24 separately from the first roller 30. Is connected to the first rotating roller 30 by power transmission means such as an endless belt 64 or a gear, and the roller 31 is configured to rotate in conjunction with the first rotating roller 30, and the associated rotating roller 31 and the first rotating roller 31 are coupled to the first rotating roller 30.
  • the cylindrical print medium 62 may be supported by the two rotary rollers 32, and various configurations can be employed.
  • the plate members of the base portion 20 and the link portion 22 are matched to the horizontal width of the table.
  • the link mechanism acts, a structure separated into right and left may be used.
  • a clamp mechanism 41 may be provided for each and attached to the body 6.
  • the link mechanism may be provided in the vicinity of the center of the jig 4 in the width direction. It is possible to change the range not limited to the constituent members without impairing the purpose thereof.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Ink Jet (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention can be easily attached to a printer, and is configured in a manner such that a cylinder printing position does not deviate from a printing head movement path, when positioning the printing height for a cylinder surface by vertically moving a printer table. A tool according to the present invention is equipped with: a base section which can be detachably secured to an inkjet printer device body of the moving-table type; a first link section that is rotatably connected to the base section; a movable part that is connected to the free end side of the first link section so as to be capable of sliding only in a direction parallel to the table transport direction; a first rotating roller that is rotatably connected to the movable part, and a second rotating roller on which the cylinder is to be placed; and a second link section, one side of which is rotatably connected to one side of the movable part and the other side of which is rotatably connected to an intermediate section of the first link section.

Description

円筒印刷用治具及び円筒印刷用治具を用いた印刷装置Cylindrical printing jig and printing apparatus using cylindrical printing jig
 本発明は、テーブル移動型の印刷装置に使用する取り外し自由な円筒印刷用治具及びその円筒印刷用治具を用いる印刷装置に関する。 The present invention relates to a detachable cylindrical printing jig used in a table moving type printing apparatus and a printing apparatus using the cylindrical printing jig.
 汎用の印刷装置を利用して曲面印刷を行うための印刷用治具が従来知られている(特許文献1参照)。また円筒状部分を有する立体物への印刷を行う、被印刷体保持部材を備えたインクジェットプリンタが従来知られている(特許文献2参照)。また、複数の異なる形状の被印刷物を一括して印刷できる立体形状印刷物用印刷用治具が従来知られている(特許文献3参照)。 A printing jig for performing curved surface printing using a general-purpose printing apparatus is conventionally known (see Patent Document 1). Further, an ink jet printer having a printing body holding member that performs printing on a three-dimensional object having a cylindrical portion is conventionally known (see Patent Document 2). Further, a printing jig for a three-dimensional printed material capable of printing a plurality of different shapes of printed materials at once is known (see Patent Document 3).
日本国特開2014-205125号公報Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2014-205125 日本国特開2014-61510号公報Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2014-61510 日本国特開2012-603号公報Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2012-603
 従来の此種の治具は、プリンタ装置専用に治具を設けてテーブルを交換するなど大がかりな作業が必要であったり、また、プリンタ装置テーブルの駆動を用いるものでも、駆動のための構造を改良して付加するなど、プリンタ装置への取り付けが大変な作業であり簡単にできないという問題点がある。
 また、プリンタ装置に治具を取り付けるだけでは、円筒の上面部分にしか印刷はできないため円筒の周面全体に印刷を行う場合には円筒を回転させるための機構が必要であり、また、多種の径の円筒に対応するのに複雑な機構を必要とするなどの問題点がある。そして円筒や板状のシートなど対象物を変更しながら印刷を行うためにはできるだけ簡単に装置に装着できることが必要である。
 本発明は、上記問題点を解決することを目的とし、テーブル移動型のプリンタに使用する円筒印刷用治具において、プリンタへの取り付けや取り外しが自由に簡単にでき、また取り付けが自由で簡単であり、多種の径の円筒に対応できるようにしたものである。
This type of conventional jig requires a large-scale work such as replacing the table by providing a jig dedicated to the printer device, and even when using a printer device table drive, it has a structure for driving. There is a problem that attachment to the printer device is a difficult task and cannot be easily performed.
In addition, if only a jig is attached to the printer device, printing can be performed only on the upper surface portion of the cylinder. Therefore, when printing is performed on the entire peripheral surface of the cylinder, a mechanism for rotating the cylinder is necessary. There is a problem that a complicated mechanism is required to cope with a cylinder with a diameter. In order to perform printing while changing an object such as a cylinder or a plate-like sheet, it is necessary to be able to mount the apparatus as easily as possible.
The present invention aims to solve the above-mentioned problems, and in a cylindrical printing jig used for a table moving type printer, it can be easily attached to and detached from the printer, and the attachment is free and simple. There are various cylinders with different diameters.
 上記目的を達成するため、本発明は、移動式のテーブルを備えた印刷装置に用いられる円筒印刷用治具であって、印刷装置の機体に脱着可能に固定可能な基部20と、該基部20とは別体の可動部24と、該可動部24が前記基部20に対して前記テーブルの搬送方向へ移動しないように連結する連結機構と、前記可動部24に配備され前記テーブルに前記可動部24の重量により接触し前記テーブルの移動を円筒型印刷媒体の回転に変換するローラ機構とを備えたことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記ローラ機構を、前記可動部24に回転自在に連結し前記テーブルと接触する第1の回転ローラ30と、前記可動部24に回転自在に連結し、前記第1の回転ローラ30又は該第1の回転ローラ30と連動するローラ31とで円筒型印刷媒体を載置するための第2の回転ローラ32とで構成したことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記可動部24に、前記テーブルに接触するように前記ローラ機構と所定の間隔を存して補助輪36を回転自在に軸支したことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記連結機構を、一方側が、前記基部20に回転自在に連結し、他方側が前記テーブルの移動方向と平行な方向に前記可動部24に設けられた案内部46にスライド自在に連結する第1のリンク部22と、一方側が前記可動部24の一方側に回転自在に連結し、他方が前記第1のリンク部22の中間部に回転自在に連結する第2のリンク部40とで構成したことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記可動部24を互いに平行な一対の細長状の板部材から成る側枠部24a,24bにより構成し、一対の側枠部24a,24b間に前記第1の回転ローラ30と第2の回転ローラ32を回転自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部24a,24b間に前記第1のリンク部22の自由端側をこれに突設した軸部44と側枠部24a,24b側の前記テーブルの移動方向に平行な方向に伸びる案内部46を介してスライド自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部24a,24bの各々に前記第2のリンク部40を回転自在に軸支したことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記一対の側枠部24a,24b間に補強部26,27,28を架設したことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、前記可動部24に、前記テーブル面に対して垂直な方向に直線状に延びる長穴54とねじ52のうちのいずれか一方を設け、前記基部20に前記長穴54とねじ52のうちのいずれか他方を設け、前記長穴54に前記基部20又は側枠部24に螺合するねじ50の軸部をスライド自在に嵌合し、前記ねじ50により前記可動部24を前記基部20に固定可能としたことを特徴とする。
 また本発明は、移動式のテーブルを備えた印刷装置であって、基部20と、該基部20とは別体の可動部24と、該可動部24が前記基部20に対して前記テーブルの搬送方向へ移動しないように連結する連結機構と、前記テーブルに前記可動部24の重量により接触し前記テーブルの移動を円筒型印刷媒体の回転に変換する前記可動部24に配備されたローラ機構とから構成される円筒印刷用治具を備え、該円筒印刷用治具の前記基部20を機体に脱着可能に固定可能としたことを特徴とするものである。
 また本発明は、前記連結機構が、前記可動部24を前記基部20に昇降自在に連結する構成であることを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is a cylindrical printing jig used in a printing apparatus having a movable table, and a base 20 detachably fixed to a body of the printing apparatus, and the base 20 A movable part 24 that is separate from the movable part 24; a connection mechanism that connects the movable part 24 to the base part 20 so as not to move in the transport direction of the table; and And a roller mechanism that contacts by the weight of 24 and converts the movement of the table into the rotation of the cylindrical print medium.
Further, according to the present invention, the roller mechanism is rotatably connected to the movable portion 24 and is in contact with the table. The roller mechanism is rotatably connected to the movable portion 24, and the first rotating roller. 30 or a roller 31 interlocked with the first rotating roller 30 and a second rotating roller 32 for placing a cylindrical print medium.
Further, the present invention is characterized in that the auxiliary wheel 36 is rotatably supported on the movable portion 24 so as to contact the table with a predetermined distance from the roller mechanism.
Further, according to the present invention, one side of the connection mechanism is rotatably connected to the base portion 20, and the other side is slidable on a guide portion 46 provided on the movable portion 24 in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table. The first link part 22 to be connected and the second link part 40 that one side is rotatably connected to one side of the movable part 24 and the other side is rotatably connected to the intermediate part of the first link part 22. It is characterized by comprising.
Further, according to the present invention, the movable portion 24 is constituted by side frame portions 24a and 24b made of a pair of elongated plate members parallel to each other, and the first rotating roller 30 and the pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b. A second rotating roller 32 is rotatably supported, and a shaft portion 44 and a side frame portion 24a, each having a free end side protruding from the first link portion 22 between a pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b. A guide part 46 extending in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table on the 24b side is slidably suspended, and the second link part 40 is rotatably pivoted on each of the pair of side frame parts 24a and 24b. Characterized by support.
Further, the present invention is characterized in that reinforcing portions 26, 27, and 28 are installed between the pair of side frame portions 24a and 24b.
Further, according to the present invention, the movable portion 24 is provided with either one of a long hole 54 and a screw 52 extending linearly in a direction perpendicular to the table surface, and the base portion 20 has the long hole 54 and a screw. 52 is provided, and a shaft portion of a screw 50 that is screwed into the base portion 20 or the side frame portion 24 is slidably fitted into the elongated hole 54, and the movable portion 24 is moved by the screw 50. It is possible to fix to the base 20.
Further, the present invention is a printing apparatus including a movable table, and includes a base portion 20, a movable portion 24 that is separate from the base portion 20, and the movable portion 24 transporting the table to the base portion 20. And a roller mechanism provided in the movable part 24 that contacts the table by the weight of the movable part 24 and converts the movement of the table into rotation of a cylindrical print medium. A cylindrical printing jig is provided, and the base 20 of the cylindrical printing jig is detachably fixed to the machine body.
Further, the present invention is characterized in that the connecting mechanism is configured to connect the movable portion 24 to the base portion 20 so as to be movable up and down.
 本発明は、プリンタ装置に治具の一部を固定して、あとは可動部をテーブルに載せるだけの構造であるため、取り付け取り外しが自由で簡単であり、しかも治具に載せる円筒の径が変わってもテーブルの高さをその径に合わせて調整するだけで簡単に対応することが可能である。しかも、テーブル移動型の印刷装置のテーブルに治具を載せるだけでテーブルの移動の力を利用して円筒の円周全面への印刷対応が可能であり、しかも治具を外せばそのまま通常のテーブル移動型の印刷装置としてすぐに使用が可能になる。 Since the present invention has a structure in which a part of the jig is fixed to the printer device and the movable part is simply placed on the table, the attachment and removal are free and simple, and the diameter of the cylinder placed on the jig is small. Even if it changes, it is possible to cope with it simply by adjusting the height of the table according to its diameter. In addition, it is possible to print on the entire circumference of the cylinder by using the force of moving the table just by placing the jig on the table of the table moving type printing device. It can be used immediately as a mobile printing device.
本発明の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of this invention. 本発明の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of this invention. プリンタに治具を取り付けた状態を示す外観説明図である。It is an external appearance explanatory view showing a state where a jig is attached to the printer. 本発明に係る治具の外観説明図である。It is an external appearance explanatory view of the jig concerning the present invention. 本発明の説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of this invention. 本発明の他の実施形態を示す説明図である。It is explanatory drawing which shows other embodiment of this invention.
 以下に本発明の実施の形態を添付した図面を参照して詳細に説明する。
 図3は、インクジェットプリンタ2に、円筒印刷用治具4を装着した状態の外観説明図を示している。プリンタ2の機体6には、インクジェット型の印刷ヘッド8を、主走査方向(Y軸方向)に案内するヘッド案内レール10が架設されている。印刷ヘッド8は、ヘッドキャリッジに一体的に形成され、該ヘッドキャリッジは、ヘッド案内レール10に移動自在に連結している。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 3 is an explanatory view of the appearance of the inkjet printer 2 with the cylindrical printing jig 4 attached thereto. A head guide rail 10 that guides an ink jet print head 8 in the main scanning direction (Y-axis direction) is installed on the body 6 of the printer 2. The print head 8 is formed integrally with the head carriage, and the head carriage is movably connected to the head guide rail 10.
プリンタ2の機体6には、テーブル12が設けられ、該テーブル12(図1参照)は、機体6の前後方向(X軸方向)に移動可能なX軸移動体14に昇降機構16(図1参照)を介して支持されている。X軸移動体14は、機体6に配設されたX軸ガイド18に沿って移動可能に取り付けられ、コントローラの制御によりX軸方向に移動するように構成されている。プリンタ2の機体6には、テーブル昇降ハンドル(図示省略)が設けられ、このハンドルを操作することで、テーブル12の高さをヘッド8の主走査方向(Y軸方向)に対して平行を保持した状態で変えることができ、印刷対象物とインクジェットヘッドとの距離を個々の対象物の高さに対して調整することができるようにされている。 The machine body 6 of the printer 2 is provided with a table 12, and the table 12 (see FIG. 1) is connected to an X-axis moving body 14 that can move in the front-rear direction (X-axis direction) of the machine body 6. See). The X-axis moving body 14 is attached so as to be movable along an X-axis guide 18 disposed in the machine body 6 and is configured to move in the X-axis direction under the control of a controller. The machine body 6 of the printer 2 is provided with a table elevating handle (not shown). By operating this handle, the height of the table 12 is kept parallel to the main scanning direction (Y-axis direction) of the head 8. The distance between the print object and the inkjet head can be adjusted with respect to the height of each object.
上記プリンタ2は、治具4を外した状態では、通常の平坦な面を有するメディアへの印刷を行うために使用される。メディアへの印刷では、テーブル12上にメディアをセットし、コントローラの制御により、、テーブル12をX軸方向に移動させながら、印刷ヘッド8を、ヘッド案内レール10に沿ってY軸方向に往復移動させ、印刷ヘッド8から紫外線硬化型インクをメディアの頂部の印刷施行エリアに吐出して、メディアの印刷施行エリアに印刷を行う。またメディアの印刷施行エリアの幅aに対しノズル8aの幅が広い場合にはノズル8aの使用する範囲をメディアの印刷施行エリアの幅aに対応する範囲bに設定してもよい。なお一定の厚みがあるメディアへの印刷を行う場合には、テーブルを下げ印刷ヘッド8とメディア62との距離を調整して印刷を行う。ヘッドキャリッジには、紫外線照射装置(図示省略)が装備され、印刷時、メディアの印刷面に紫外線が照射される。なおインクは印刷対象物との組み合わせにより必要なものを使用すればよく、紫外線硬化型インクに限定されるものではない。 The printer 2 is used for printing on a medium having a normal flat surface with the jig 4 removed. For printing on media, the media is set on the table 12, and the print head 8 is reciprocated along the head guide rail 10 in the Y-axis direction while moving the table 12 in the X-axis direction under the control of the controller. Then, ultraviolet curable ink is ejected from the print head 8 to the print enforcement area at the top of the media, and printing is performed in the print enforcement area of the media. Further, when the width of the nozzle 8a is wider than the width a of the media printing enforcement area, the range used by the nozzle 8a may be set to a range b corresponding to the width a of the media printing enforcement area. When printing on a medium having a certain thickness, printing is performed by lowering the table and adjusting the distance between the print head 8 and the medium 62. The head carriage is equipped with an ultraviolet irradiation device (not shown), and the printing surface of the medium is irradiated with ultraviolet rays during printing. In addition, what is necessary is just to use what is necessary for a combination with a printing target object, and is not limited to an ultraviolet curable ink.
 治具4は、図4に示すように、矩形の板部材から成る基部20と、矩形の板部材から成る第1のリンク部22と、一対の互いに平行な側枠部24a,24bからなる可動部24と、板部材から成る補強部26と、軸状の補強部27,28と、断面円形の第1の回転ローラ30と、断面円形の第2の回転ローラ32と、左右各一対の補助輪36,38と、第2の左右一対の第2のリンク部40とから構成されている。基部20の一方には、基部20を、プリンタ2の機体6の前部壁6aに脱着可能に固定するためのクランプ機構41が設けられている。 As shown in FIG. 4, the jig 4 includes a base 20 made of a rectangular plate member, a first link portion 22 made of a rectangular plate member, and a pair of side frame portions 24 a and 24 b that are parallel to each other. A portion 24, a reinforcing portion 26 made of a plate member, shaft-shaped reinforcing portions 27 and 28, a first rotating roller 30 having a circular cross section, a second rotating roller 32 having a circular cross section, and a pair of left and right auxiliary members It is comprised from the ring | wheels 36 and 38 and the 2nd link part 40 of 2nd left-right pair. One side of the base 20 is provided with a clamp mechanism 41 for detachably fixing the base 20 to the front wall 6a of the body 6 of the printer 2.
基部20の両側部には、取付片が直角方向に形成され、これに第1のリンク部22の一方の両側部が回転自在に軸42に支えられている。第1のリンク部22の他方は、左右に突出する軸44が側枠部24の、テーブル12の前後移動方向に長い長穴から成る案内部46にスライド自在に嵌合している。可動部24の互いに平行な側枠部24a,24b間には、板状の補強部26の両側部と、軸状の補強部27,28の両端が連結している。 Mounting pieces are formed at right angles on both sides of the base 20, and one side of the first link portion 22 is rotatably supported by the shaft 42. The other of the first link parts 22 is slidably fitted into a guide part 46 having a long hole in the side frame part 24 in the longitudinal movement direction of the table 12 with a shaft 44 protruding left and right. Between the side frame parts 24a and 24b of the movable part 24 which are parallel to each other, both side parts of the plate-like reinforcing part 26 and both ends of the shaft-like reinforcing parts 27 and 28 are connected.
側枠部24a,24b間には、第1の回転ローラ30と第2の回転ローラ32が互いに所定の段差と間隔を有して、回転自在に掛架されている。なお本実施形態では印刷時のテーブルの搬送方向において下流側の第1の回転ローラ30が下方にあり第2の回転ローラ32が上方に配置してあるが、これは印刷時に印刷対象である円筒物が第2の回転ローラ32を乗り越えないようにするためにこの様な位置関係にしてあるが、必要に応じて位置は調整すればよく構造としてはこれに限定されるものでは無い。側枠部24a,24bの前後には、補助輪36,38が回転自在に軸支されている。第2のリンク部40の各一方は、側枠部24a,24bの前方に回転自在に軸48により支持され、第2のリンク部40の各他方は、第1のリンク部22の中間部の側部に回転自在にそれぞれ軸50により支持されている。 Between the side frame portions 24a and 24b, a first rotating roller 30 and a second rotating roller 32 are rotatably supported with predetermined steps and intervals. In the present embodiment, the first rotary roller 30 on the downstream side is disposed below and the second rotary roller 32 is disposed above in the conveying direction of the table at the time of printing, but this is a cylinder to be printed at the time of printing. In order to prevent an object from getting over the second rotating roller 32, the positional relationship is as described above. However, the position may be adjusted as necessary, and the structure is not limited to this. Auxiliary wheels 36 and 38 are rotatably supported before and after the side frame portions 24a and 24b. Each one of the second link portions 40 is rotatably supported by a shaft 48 in front of the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b, and each other of the second link portions 40 is an intermediate portion of the first link portion 22. Each side part is rotatably supported by a shaft 50.
基部20の横幅は、テーブル12に合わせて設定されている。基部20には、その後方の両側部に立ち上がり部が形成され、この立ち上がり部に形成されたねじ穴に螺合するねじ52の軸部が側枠部24a,24bに形成された長穴54にスライド自在に嵌合している。昇降ガイド用の長穴54は側枠部24a,24bをローラ30、補助輪38又は補助輪36を介して自重によりテーブル12に平行に載置した状態において、テーブル12面に対して垂直方向にまっすぐ伸びるように設定されている。なお、長穴54を基部20側に設け、ねじ52を側枠部24側に設けてもよい。 The width of the base 20 is set according to the table 12. The base portion 20 is formed with rising portions on both sides at the rear thereof, and the shaft portion of the screw 52 that is screwed into the screw hole formed in the rising portion is formed in the elongated hole 54 formed in the side frame portions 24a and 24b. It is slidably fitted. The elongate guide elongate hole 54 is formed in a direction perpendicular to the surface of the table 12 when the side frame portions 24a and 24b are placed in parallel to the table 12 by their own weight via the roller 30, the auxiliary wheel 38 or the auxiliary wheel 36. It is set to extend straight. The long hole 54 may be provided on the base 20 side, and the screw 52 may be provided on the side frame 24 side.
テーブル12の高さ調整時、ねじ52の軸部はテーブル12の上下動に伴って、長穴54に沿ってスライドし、上下動する。テーブル12の高さの調整が完了したところで、ねじ52を締め、可動部24を基部20に固定する。
第1の回転ローラ30は、第2の回転ローラ32よりも大径に形成され、テーブル12面との間に摩擦が生じるようにゴム面から成る摩擦面が表面に設けられており、またその摩擦面はメディア62に接触しメディア62に回転を与えることにも使用されている。
When adjusting the height of the table 12, the shaft portion of the screw 52 slides along the elongated hole 54 and moves up and down as the table 12 moves up and down. When the adjustment of the height of the table 12 is completed, the screw 52 is tightened, and the movable portion 24 is fixed to the base portion 20.
The first rotating roller 30 is formed to have a larger diameter than the second rotating roller 32, and a friction surface made of a rubber surface is provided on the surface so that friction is generated between the first rotating roller 30 and the surface of the table 12. The friction surface is also used to contact the media 62 and impart rotation to the media 62.
互いに平行な同一平面上に位置する側枠部24a,24bの下面24cに対して回転ローラ30及び補助輪36,38の各下面の突出量は同一に設定され、テーブル12上の可動部24の補助輪36と回転ローラ30は、可動部24の自重により、テーブル12に接触し、可動部24はテーブル12上に水平に支持されるように補助輪36と回転ローラ30の取り付け位置が設定されている。またテーブル12上の可動部24の補助輪38と回転ローラ30は、可動部24の重量により、テーブル12に接触し可動部24はテーブル12上に水平に支持されるように補助輪36と回転ローラ30の取り付け位置が設定されている。第2の回転ローラ32は、その下面が第1の回転ローラ30の下面よりも高く設定され、テーブル12面には接触しないように構成されている。 The protruding amounts of the lower surfaces of the rotating roller 30 and the auxiliary wheels 36 and 38 are set to be equal to the lower surfaces 24c of the side frame portions 24a and 24b located on the same plane parallel to each other, and the movable portion 24 of the table 12 The auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 come into contact with the table 12 due to the weight of the movable part 24, and the mounting position of the auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 is set so that the movable part 24 is supported horizontally on the table 12. ing. Further, the auxiliary wheel 38 and the rotating roller 30 of the movable portion 24 on the table 12 rotate with the auxiliary wheel 36 so that the movable portion 24 contacts the table 12 and is supported horizontally on the table 12 due to the weight of the movable portion 24. The attachment position of the roller 30 is set. The second rotating roller 32 is configured such that its lower surface is set higher than the lower surface of the first rotating roller 30 and does not contact the table 12 surface.
側枠部24a,24bに形成された案内部46の長手方向は、側枠部24a,24bの長手方向即ちテーブル24のX軸方向の搬送方向に対して平行な方向に設定されている。一方、長穴54は垂直な方向即ちテーブル12の昇降方向に対して平行な方向に設定されている。治具4を、プリンタ2の機体6に固定するには、まず最初にハンドルを操作し装置のテーブル12を印刷ヘッド8に対して治具が入る程度に下げておく。治具を付けた後にテーブルを下げても良いが、間違ってヘッドが印刷領域に移動した時に治具に当たらないように最初に下げておく方が良い。次に治具4の基部20を、プリンタ2の機体6の上面に配置し、基部20の係止板60を基板6の前部壁6aの背面に配置し、クランプ機構41のクランプ軸56をレバー58を操作して機体6の壁面に圧接することで、治具4は、機体6の前部壁6aに固定される。この固定は、レバー58を操作して、クランプ軸56を後退させることにより簡単に解除することができる。尚、クランプ機構41は、どのような構成のものでも用いることが可能であり、内部構造の説明は省略する。また装置の機体6にネジなどで固定するようにしても良く、簡単に着脱できて固定ができれば特にどの様な構造を用いても良い。
本実施形態においては、図1に示すように、リンク機構の軸42,50間距離と、軸48,50間距離と、軸50,44間距離は同一に設定され、軸48は軸42の直下に配置されている。
The longitudinal direction of the guide portions 46 formed on the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b is set in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the side frame portions 24 a and 24 b, that is, the transport direction in the X-axis direction of the table 24. On the other hand, the long hole 54 is set in a vertical direction, that is, a direction parallel to the elevation direction of the table 12. In order to fix the jig 4 to the machine body 6 of the printer 2, first, the handle is operated to lower the table 12 of the apparatus to the extent that the jig enters the print head 8. Although the table may be lowered after the jig is attached, it is better to lower the table first so that it does not hit the jig when the head moves to the printing area by mistake. Next, the base 20 of the jig 4 is disposed on the upper surface of the body 6 of the printer 2, the locking plate 60 of the base 20 is disposed on the back surface of the front wall 6 a of the substrate 6, and the clamp shaft 56 of the clamp mechanism 41 is moved. The jig 4 is fixed to the front wall 6 a of the machine body 6 by operating the lever 58 to press against the wall surface of the machine body 6. This fixing can be easily released by operating the lever 58 to retract the clamp shaft 56. The clamp mechanism 41 can have any configuration, and the description of the internal structure is omitted. Further, it may be fixed to the machine body 6 of the apparatus with screws or the like, and any structure may be used as long as it can be easily detached and fixed.
In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, the distance between the shafts 42 and 50, the distance between the shafts 48 and 50, and the distance between the shafts 50 and 44 of the link mechanism are set to be the same. It is arranged directly below.
 治具4の基部20をプリンタ2の機体6に固定すると、可動部24は、自重により、補助輪36と回転ローラ30を介して、又は補助輪38と回転ローラ30を介してテーブル12上に載置される。この状態において、第1の回転ローラ30と第2の回転ローラ32の間の部分に、丁度印刷ヘッド8のインク吐出経路の直下に位置するようにローラ30,32の位置が設定されている。なおローラ30,32の位置は印刷メディア62が円筒である場合、印刷装置にて対応できる範囲内の直径(テーブルの上下動で対応できる範囲)において、たとえメディア62の直径が大きかったり小さかったりしてもメディア62の印刷ヘッド8の直下の位置は同じになるように設定されている。円筒の被印刷物であるメディア62をローラ30,32に載せ、メディア62表面の印刷高さを位置決めするには、プリンタ2のテーブル高さ調整ハンドルを操作し、目盛りを見ながらテーブル12を上下動させる。 When the base portion 20 of the jig 4 is fixed to the body 6 of the printer 2, the movable portion 24 is placed on the table 12 by its own weight via the auxiliary wheel 36 and the rotating roller 30 or via the auxiliary wheel 38 and the rotating roller 30. Placed. In this state, the positions of the rollers 30 and 32 are set so as to be located immediately below the ink discharge path of the print head 8 in the portion between the first rotating roller 30 and the second rotating roller 32. When the printing medium 62 is a cylinder, the rollers 30 and 32 may have a diameter within a range that can be handled by the printing apparatus (a range that can be handled by the vertical movement of the table) even if the diameter of the media 62 is large or small. However, the position immediately below the print head 8 of the medium 62 is set to be the same. In order to place the medium 62, which is a cylindrical substrate, on the rollers 30 and 32 and position the printing height on the surface of the medium 62, the table height adjustment handle of the printer 2 is operated, and the table 12 is moved up and down while looking at the scale. Let
尚、プリンタ2に高さ自動調整機構を設け、メディアの高さをセンサで検出し、高さ調整を自動的に行う構成であっても良い。また印刷面の位置の高さ(上限位置)を規制する部材を装置に設け、その規制面にメディア62を当接させるまでテーブル12を上げ印刷面の位置決めを行うようにしてもよい。テーブル12を図1(B)に示すように、上昇させるとリンク機構の連結軸50は、回転軸42を中心として回転しながら上昇し、軸44は、案内部46に沿って図中、右方向にスライド移動する。テーブル12を最上昇位置に上昇すると、連結軸48は、回転軸42と高さが一致し、軸部44は、案内部46の右に移動する。テーブル12を上昇位置から下降すると、連結軸50は、回転軸42を中心として回転しながら下降し、軸44は、長穴46に沿って図中、左方向にスライド移動する。 The printer 2 may be configured to be provided with an automatic height adjustment mechanism so that the height of the medium is detected by a sensor and the height adjustment is automatically performed. Further, a member for regulating the height (upper limit position) of the position of the printing surface may be provided in the apparatus, and the printing surface may be positioned by raising the table 12 until the media 62 contacts the restriction surface. When the table 12 is raised as shown in FIG. 1 (B), the connecting shaft 50 of the link mechanism rises while rotating about the rotation shaft 42, and the shaft 44 moves along the guide portion 46 to the right in the figure. Slide in the direction. When the table 12 is raised to the highest position, the connecting shaft 48 and the rotating shaft 42 have the same height, and the shaft portion 44 moves to the right of the guide portion 46. When the table 12 is lowered from the raised position, the connecting shaft 50 is lowered while rotating about the rotating shaft 42, and the shaft 44 slides in the left direction in the drawing along the long hole 46.
テーブル24の上下動に伴い、連結軸48は、直線方向に沿って上下動し、このテーブル24に対しては、図1中、左右の移動は阻止される。そのため、メディア62の高さ調整時に、メディア62の位置が、印刷ヘッド8の移動経路の直下からX軸方向即ち、テーブル24の搬送方向にずれることがない。
図1において、軸部44が、案内部46のガイド面に沿って左右方向(X軸方向)に移動自在なため、可動部24は、テーブル12の上下動と連動して、テーブル12に対して水平な状態を保持したまま上下動が可能である。
As the table 24 moves up and down, the connecting shaft 48 moves up and down along the linear direction, and the table 24 is prevented from moving left and right in FIG. Therefore, when the height of the medium 62 is adjusted, the position of the medium 62 does not deviate from the position immediately below the movement path of the print head 8 in the X-axis direction, that is, the conveying direction of the table 24.
In FIG. 1, since the shaft portion 44 is movable in the left-right direction (X-axis direction) along the guide surface of the guide portion 46, the movable portion 24 moves relative to the table 12 in conjunction with the vertical movement of the table 12. And can move up and down while maintaining a horizontal state.
しかるに、テーブル12の上下動のとき、可動部24が、図1中、左右にずれようとすると、この可動部24の左右にずれようとする荷重は、リンク部40を介して、リンク部22の中間部の軸50を押し上げ又は押し下げる方向に作用する。リンク部22が、このリンク部40の押し上げ又は押し下げ方向の荷重によって、軸42を中心として回転することができれば、軸48即ち可動部24がX軸方向にずれてしまうことになる。しかるにリンク部22は、軸44が図中、左右方向(X軸方向)に延びる案内部46の長穴に嵌合しているので、案内部46に対して上下に移動できない。 However, when the movable portion 24 tends to shift to the left and right in FIG. 1 when the table 12 moves up and down, the load that tends to shift to the left and right of the movable portion 24 is transmitted via the link portion 40 to the link portion 22. This acts in the direction of pushing up or pushing down the shaft 50 at the intermediate portion. If the link portion 22 can rotate about the shaft 42 by the load in the upward or downward direction of the link portion 40, the shaft 48, that is, the movable portion 24 will be displaced in the X-axis direction. However, the link portion 22 cannot move up and down with respect to the guide portion 46 because the shaft 44 is fitted in the elongated hole of the guide portion 46 extending in the left-right direction (X-axis direction) in the drawing.
そのためリンク部22の軸42を中心とする回転は、可動部24の重量と可動部24に形成された案内部46のガイド面によって阻止され、軸48がテーブルの上下動に伴ってX軸方向に移動することはなく、軸48の基部20に対するX軸上の位置即ち、回転ローラ30,32の印刷ヘッド移動経路に対するX軸上の位置は変化しない。
図5(A)(B)(C)(D)は、テーブル位置と印刷範囲の関係を示している。
 図5(A)は、テーブル12がプリンタ2の奥に移動した状態を示している。テーブル12は、可動部24の後方の補助輪36に接触する位置に示しているが、さらに後方の外れた位置からテーブル12を移動させる構造の場合には、補助輪36のさらに後方の可動部24の先端部分にテーブル12に乗り上げるための補助輪を設けておいてもよい。本件の構造ではテーブル12が可動部24から外れた位置にあっても、リンク機構の軸44が可動部24にぶつかることなくテーブル12をスムーズに動かすことができる。
Therefore, the rotation of the link portion 22 around the shaft 42 is blocked by the weight of the movable portion 24 and the guide surface of the guide portion 46 formed on the movable portion 24, and the shaft 48 moves in the X-axis direction as the table moves up and down. The position on the X axis with respect to the base 20 of the shaft 48, that is, the position on the X axis with respect to the print head moving path of the rotary rollers 30 and 32 does not change.
5A, 5B, 5C, and 5D show the relationship between the table position and the print range.
FIG. 5A shows a state where the table 12 has moved to the back of the printer 2. Although the table 12 is shown at a position where it contacts the auxiliary wheel 36 behind the movable portion 24, in the case of a structure in which the table 12 is moved from a position further rearward, the movable portion further rearward of the auxiliary wheel 36. You may provide the auxiliary wheel for riding on the table 12 in the front-end | tip part of 24. FIG. In the structure of the present case, the table 12 can be smoothly moved without the shaft 44 of the link mechanism colliding with the movable part 24 even when the table 12 is located away from the movable part 24.
 図5(B)は、印刷中のテーブル12の位置を示している。印刷中は、第1の回転ローラ30と補助輪36が可動部24の自重によりテーブル12に接触する。テーブル12の図中、矢方向で示すX軸方向の移動に伴い、第1の回転ローラ30は、テーブル12との可動部24の自重による接触摩擦で回転し、これによりメディア62が回転し、第2の回転ローラ32が第1の回転ローラ32とつれ回りする。 FIG. 5B shows the position of the table 12 during printing. During printing, the first rotating roller 30 and the auxiliary wheel 36 come into contact with the table 12 due to the weight of the movable portion 24. With the movement of the table 12 in the X-axis direction indicated by the arrow direction, the first rotating roller 30 is rotated by contact friction due to the weight of the movable portion 24 with the table 12, thereby rotating the media 62. The second rotating roller 32 rotates with the first rotating roller 32.
印刷ヘッド8は、メディア62上をY軸方向にインクを吐出しながら往復移動し、メディア62の表面に印刷が行われる。メディア62の頂上部分の印刷範囲の印刷が終了するとテーブル12が前方方向に移動し、その移動により第1の回転ローラ30が回転しメディア62の次の印刷範囲が頂上部分に搬送される。この作業を繰り返してメディア62の周面への印刷を行う。本実施形態では、メディア62の全周に印刷が可能なようにテーブル12の印刷時の移動範囲が設定されており、移動テーブル12の搬送距離が直接メディア周面の搬送距離となるため、メディア62の円周(装置に載せる最大値)以上の距離を第1の回転ローラ30の印刷を行う位置から前方の補助輪38までの距離としている。このように図5(A)でのメディア62の径をdとした場合に、テーブル12が図5(B)の印刷開始位置から印刷終了位置まで移動すると、少なくともd×πの距離が必要になる。そのため、装置で対応できる最大のメディア径dに対応する円周の長さと同じかそれを超えるようにこの距離を設定しておけば、図5(C)のように可動部24がテーブル12上に3点で乗りあげる場合があっても、印刷は終了しており印刷に影響が出ることはない。 The print head 8 reciprocates while ejecting ink in the Y-axis direction on the medium 62, and printing is performed on the surface of the medium 62. When the printing of the printing range of the top portion of the medium 62 is completed, the table 12 moves in the forward direction, and the first rotating roller 30 is rotated by the movement, and the next printing range of the medium 62 is conveyed to the top portion. This operation is repeated to perform printing on the peripheral surface of the medium 62. In this embodiment, the movement range at the time of printing of the table 12 is set so that printing can be performed on the entire circumference of the medium 62, and the conveyance distance of the movement table 12 is directly the conveyance distance of the medium circumferential surface. A distance equal to or greater than 62 circumference (maximum value placed on the apparatus) is a distance from the position where the first rotating roller 30 performs printing to the front auxiliary wheel 38. As described above, when the diameter of the medium 62 in FIG. 5A is d, if the table 12 moves from the print start position to the print end position in FIG. 5B, a distance of at least d × π is required. Become. Therefore, if this distance is set so as to be equal to or exceeding the circumference corresponding to the maximum media diameter d that can be handled by the apparatus, the movable portion 24 is placed on the table 12 as shown in FIG. Even if there are cases where there are three points, printing has been completed and printing will not be affected.
 図5(C)は、印刷終了後にテーブル12が前方に移動された時点の状態を示し、テーブル12は、可動部24の前方の補助輪38に接触し、可動部24は、補助輪36,38と第1の回転ローラ30の3点でテーブル12に接触する。尚、この3点接触状態では印刷は終了しているため、3点で接触しても印刷への影響はないのは前述の通りである。
 図5(D)は、印刷終了後、テーブル12が更に前方に移動した状態を示し、テーブル12は、補助輪38と第1の回転ローラ30の2点に接触する。なお図5(A)~(D)においては、テーブル12の搬送距離を大きく取っているが、本構造では、回転ローラ30に接触した後にメディア62への印刷が行われているため、必要なテーブル12の搬送距離は図5(B)に記載されている印刷開始位置から印刷終了位置までの範囲だけとなるので、効率よく印刷を行いたい場合には、その必要な搬送距離の範囲内だけでテーブル12を移動させるように制御をしてもよい。
なお本実施形態ではヘッドのY軸方向の移動により印刷を行う装置について説明を行ったが、ライン型インクジェットヘッドを用いる場合にはヘッドをY軸方向に移動させることなくテーブルの移動だけでメディア62を連続的に回転させて印刷を行う事も可能であり、本発明の主旨を超えない範囲で構造はいろいろと選択すればよい。
FIG. 5C shows a state when the table 12 is moved forward after the printing is finished. The table 12 contacts the auxiliary wheel 38 in front of the movable part 24, and the movable part 24 includes auxiliary wheels 36, 38 and the first rotating roller 30 are in contact with the table 12 at three points. In this three-point contact state, printing has been completed, and as described above, there is no effect on printing even if contact is made at three points.
FIG. 5D shows a state in which the table 12 has moved further forward after the printing is completed, and the table 12 contacts two points of the auxiliary wheel 38 and the first rotating roller 30. 5A to 5D, the transport distance of the table 12 is large, but in this structure, since printing on the medium 62 is performed after contacting the rotating roller 30, it is necessary. Since the transport distance of the table 12 is only in the range from the print start position to the print end position shown in FIG. 5B, if it is desired to print efficiently, only within the range of the necessary transport distance. The table 12 may be controlled to move.
In the present embodiment, an apparatus for performing printing by moving the head in the Y-axis direction has been described. However, when a line-type inkjet head is used, the medium 62 is moved only by moving the table without moving the head in the Y-axis direction. It is also possible to carry out printing by continuously rotating and the structure may be selected in various ways within a range not exceeding the gist of the present invention.
また、可動部24に配備されテーブル12に可動部24の重量により接触しテーブル12の移動を円筒型印刷媒体62の回転に変換するローラ機構は上記実施形態に示す、第1の回転ローラ30と第2の回転ローラ32の一対のローラの構成に限定されるものではなく、図6に示すように、可動部24に第1のローラ30とは別にローラ31を回転自在に設け、該ローラ31を無端ベルト64あるいはギアなどの動力伝達手段により第1の回転ローラ30に連結し、ローラ31を第1の回転ローラ30と連動して回転するように構成し、該連動する回転ローラ31と第2の回転ローラ32とで円筒型印刷媒体62を支持するようにしてもよく、種々の構成を採用することができる。 In addition, the roller mechanism that is arranged in the movable portion 24 and contacts the table 12 by the weight of the movable portion 24 and converts the movement of the table 12 into the rotation of the cylindrical print medium 62 is the same as the first rotating roller 30 shown in the above embodiment. The configuration of the pair of rollers of the second rotating roller 32 is not limited, and as shown in FIG. 6, a roller 31 is rotatably provided in the movable portion 24 separately from the first roller 30. Is connected to the first rotating roller 30 by power transmission means such as an endless belt 64 or a gear, and the roller 31 is configured to rotate in conjunction with the first rotating roller 30, and the associated rotating roller 31 and the first rotating roller 31 are coupled to the first rotating roller 30. The cylindrical print medium 62 may be supported by the two rotary rollers 32, and various configurations can be employed.
 なお、図3に示す本実施例では、基部20及びリンク部22の板部材をテーブルの横幅にあわせているが、リンク機構が作用すれば左右に分離している構造でも良く、その場合は、クランプ機構41をそれぞれに設けて機体6に取り付けるようにしても良い。また、リンク機構を治具4の幅方向の中央付近に設けるような構造にしても良く、その場合は、機体6の取り付け場所も中央部分の一箇所になるなど、本発明は図示した構成や構成部材に限らず、その趣旨を損なわない範囲の変更が可能である。 In the present embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the plate members of the base portion 20 and the link portion 22 are matched to the horizontal width of the table. However, if the link mechanism acts, a structure separated into right and left may be used. A clamp mechanism 41 may be provided for each and attached to the body 6. Further, the link mechanism may be provided in the vicinity of the center of the jig 4 in the width direction. It is possible to change the range not limited to the constituent members without impairing the purpose thereof.
2   インクジェットプリンタ
4   円筒印刷用治具
6   機体
8   印刷ヘッド
8a  ノズル
10  ヘッド案内レール
12  テーブル
14  X軸移動体
16  昇降機構
18  X軸ガイド
20  基部
22  第1のリンク部
24  可動部
26  補強部
27  補強部
28  補強部
30  第1の回転ローラ
31  連動回転ローラ
32  第2の回転ローラ
36  補助輪
38  補助輪
40  第2のリンク部
41  クランプ機構
42  軸
44  軸
46  案内部
48  軸
50  軸
52  ねじ
54  長穴
56  クランプ機構
58  レバー
60  係止板
62  メディア
64  無端ベルト
2 Inkjet printer 4 Cylindrical printing jig 6 Machine body 8 Print head 8a Nozzle 10 Head guide rail 12 Table 14 X-axis moving body 16 Lifting mechanism 18 X-axis guide 20 Base 22 First link portion 24 Movable portion 26 Reinforcement portion 27 Reinforcement Part 28 Reinforcement part 30 First rotation roller 31 Interlocking rotation roller 32 Second rotation roller 36 Auxiliary wheel 38 Auxiliary wheel 40 Second link part 41 Clamp mechanism 42 Axis 44 Axis 46 Guide part 48 Axis 50 Axis 52 Axis 54 Screw 54 Hole 56 Clamp mechanism 58 Lever 60 Locking plate 62 Media 64 Endless belt

Claims (13)

  1.  移動式のテーブルを備えた印刷装置に用いられる円筒印刷用治具であって、印刷装置の機体に脱着可能に固定可能な基部(20)と、該基部(20)とは別体の可動部(24)と、該可動部(24)が前記基部(20)に対して前記テーブルの搬送方向へ移動しないように連結する連結機構と、前記可動部(24)に配備され前記テーブルに前記可動部(24)の重量により接触し前記テーブルの移動を円筒型印刷媒体の回転に変換するローラ機構とを備えたことを特徴とする円筒印刷用治具。 A cylindrical printing jig used in a printing apparatus having a movable table, which can be detachably fixed to the body of the printing apparatus, and a movable part separate from the base (20) (24), a connecting mechanism for connecting the movable portion (24) to the base portion (20) so as not to move in the transport direction of the table, and the movable portion (24) disposed on the table. A cylindrical printing jig comprising: a roller mechanism that contacts by the weight of the section (24) and converts the movement of the table into rotation of the cylindrical printing medium.
  2.  前記ローラ機構を、前記可動部(24)に回転自在に連結し前記テーブルと接触する第1の回転ローラ(30)と、前記可動部(24)に回転自在に連結する第2の回転ローラ(32)とで構成し、前記第1の回転ローラ(30)と第2の回転ローラ(32)とで円筒型印刷媒体を載置するようにことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 A first rotating roller (30) that is rotatably connected to the movable part (24) and is in contact with the table, and a second rotating roller that is rotatably connected to the movable part (24). The cylindrical printing medium according to claim 1, wherein a cylindrical printing medium is placed between the first rotating roller (30) and the second rotating roller (32). Jig.
  3.  前記ローラ機構を、前記可動部(24)に回転自在に連結し前記テーブルと接触する第1の回転ローラ(30)と、前記可動部(24)に回転自在に連結し前記第1の回転ローラ(30)と連動する回転ローラ(31)と、前記可動部(24)に回転自在に連結する第2の回転ローラ(32)とで構成し、前記第2の回転ローラ(32)と前記連動する回転ローラ(31)とで円筒型印刷媒体を載置するようにことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 A first rotating roller (30) rotatably connected to the movable part (24) and contacting the table, and a first rotating roller rotatably connected to the movable part (24). A rotating roller (31) interlocked with (30) and a second rotating roller (32) rotatably connected to the movable part (24), and the interlocking with the second rotating roller (32). The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 1, wherein a cylindrical printing medium is placed between the rotating roller and the rotating roller.
  4.  前記可動部(24)に、前記テーブルに接触するように前記ローラ機構と所定の間隔を存して補助輪(36)を回転自在に軸支したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The cylinder according to claim 1, wherein an auxiliary wheel (36) is rotatably supported on the movable part (24) so as to contact the table with a predetermined distance from the roller mechanism. Printing jig.
  5.  前記連結機構を、一方側が、前記基部(20)に回転自在に連結し、他方側が前記テーブルの移動方向と平行な方向に前記可動部(24)に設けられた案内部(46)にスライド自在に連結する第1のリンク部(22)と、一方側が前記可動部(24)の一方側に回転自在に連結し、他方が前記第1のリンク部(22)の中間部に回転自在に連結する第2のリンク部(40)とで構成したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 One side of the connection mechanism is rotatably connected to the base (20), and the other side is slidable on a guide part (46) provided on the movable part (24) in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table. The first link part (22) connected to the first link part (22), one side is rotatably connected to one side of the movable part (24), and the other is rotatably connected to the intermediate part of the first link part (22). The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 1, wherein the cylindrical printing jig is configured with a second link portion (40).
  6.  前記可動部(24)を互いに平行な一対の細長状の板部材から成る側枠部(24a)(24b)により構成し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に前記第1の回転ローラ(30)と第2の回転ローラ(32)を回転自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に前記第1のリンク部(22)の自由端側をこれに突設した軸部(44)と側枠部(24a)(24b)側の前記テーブルの移動方向に平行な方向に伸びる案内部(46)を介してスライド自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)の各々に前記第2のリンク部(40)を回転自在に軸支したことを特徴とする請求項2に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The movable part (24) is constituted by side frame parts (24a) (24b) made of a pair of elongated plate members parallel to each other, and the first rotation is performed between the pair of side frame parts (24a) (24b). A roller (30) and a second rotating roller (32) are rotatably mounted, and the free end side of the first link portion (22) is interposed between the pair of side frame portions (24a) and (24b). A pair of side frames is slidably suspended via a protruding shaft portion (44) and a guide portion (46) extending in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table on the side frame portions (24a) and (24b) side. The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 2, wherein the second link portion (40) is rotatably supported on each of the portions (24a) and (24b).
  7.  前記可動部(24)を互いに平行な一対の細長状の板部材から成る側枠部(24a)(24b)により構成し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に前記第1の回転ローラ(30)と第2の回転ローラ(32)を回転自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に前記第1のリンク部(22)の自由端側をこれに突設した軸部(44)と側枠部(24a)(24b)側の前記テーブルの移動方向に平行な方向に伸びる案内部(46)を介してスライド自在に掛架し、一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)の各々に前記第2のリンク部(40)を回転自在に軸支したことを特徴とする請求項3に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The movable part (24) is constituted by side frame parts (24a) (24b) made of a pair of elongated plate members parallel to each other, and the first rotation is performed between the pair of side frame parts (24a) (24b). A roller (30) and a second rotating roller (32) are rotatably mounted, and the free end side of the first link portion (22) is interposed between the pair of side frame portions (24a) and (24b). A pair of side frames is slidably suspended via a protruding shaft portion (44) and a guide portion (46) extending in a direction parallel to the moving direction of the table on the side frame portions (24a) and (24b) side. The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 3, wherein the second link part (40) is rotatably supported on each of the parts (24a) (24b).
  8.  前記一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に補強部(26)(27)(28)を架設したことを特徴とする請求項6に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 6, wherein reinforcing portions (26) (27) (28) are installed between the pair of side frame portions (24a) (24b).
  9.  前記一対の側枠部(24a)(24b)間に補強部(26)(27)(28)を架設したことを特徴とする請求項7に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 7, wherein reinforcing portions (26) (27) (28) are installed between the pair of side frame portions (24a) (24b).
  10.  前記可動部(24)に、前記テーブル面に対して垂直な方向に直線状に延びる長穴(54)とねじ(52)のうちのいずれか一方を設け、前記基部(20)に前記長穴(54)とねじ(52)のうちのいずれか他方を設け、前記長穴(54)に前記基部(20)又は側枠部(24)に螺合するねじ(50)の軸部をスライド自在に嵌合し、前記ねじ(50)により前記可動部(24)を前記基部(20)に固定可能としたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The movable portion (24) is provided with one of a long hole (54) and a screw (52) extending linearly in a direction perpendicular to the table surface, and the long hole is formed in the base portion (20). One of the screw (52) and the screw (52) is provided, and the shaft part of the screw (50) screwed into the base part (20) or the side frame part (24) is slidable in the elongated hole (54). The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 1, wherein the movable part (24) can be fixed to the base part (20) by the screw (50).
  11.  前記連結機構が、前記可動部(24)を前記基部(20)に昇降自在に連結する構成であることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の円筒印刷用治具。 The cylindrical printing jig according to claim 1, wherein the connecting mechanism is configured to connect the movable part (24) to the base part (20) so as to be movable up and down.
  12.  移動式のテーブルを備えた印刷装置であって、基部(20)と、該基部(20)とは別体の可動部(24)と、該可動部(24)が前記基部(20)に対して前記テーブルの搬送方向へ移動しないように連結する連結機構と、前記テーブルに前記可動部(24)の重量により接触し前記テーブルの移動を円筒型印刷媒体の回転に変換する前記可動部(24)に配備されたローラ機構とから構成される円筒印刷用治具を備え、該円筒印刷用治具の前記基部(20)を機体に脱着可能に固定可能としたことを特徴とする印刷装置。 A printing apparatus provided with a movable table, wherein a base (20), a movable part (24) separate from the base (20), and the movable part (24) with respect to the base (20) And a movable mechanism (24) that contacts the table by the weight of the movable part (24) and converts the movement of the table into rotation of a cylindrical print medium. A printing apparatus comprising a cylindrical printing jig configured with a roller mechanism disposed in the apparatus, wherein the base (20) of the cylindrical printing jig can be detachably fixed to the machine body.
  13.  前記連結機構が、前記可動部(24)を前記基部(20)に昇降自在に連結する構成であることを特徴とする請求項12に記載の印刷装置。 13. The printing apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the connecting mechanism is configured to connect the movable part (24) to the base part (20) so as to be movable up and down.
PCT/JP2016/077159 2015-11-19 2016-09-14 Cylinder printing tool and printing device using cylinder printing tool WO2017086006A1 (en)

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