WO2017041246A1 - Orange peeling device - Google Patents

Orange peeling device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017041246A1
WO2017041246A1 PCT/CN2015/089244 CN2015089244W WO2017041246A1 WO 2017041246 A1 WO2017041246 A1 WO 2017041246A1 CN 2015089244 W CN2015089244 W CN 2015089244W WO 2017041246 A1 WO2017041246 A1 WO 2017041246A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
orange
vertical
peeling
cutting device
upper cover
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2015/089244
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李�杰
Original Assignee
济南比罗茨信息科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 济南比罗茨信息科技有限公司 filed Critical 济南比罗茨信息科技有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2015/089244 priority Critical patent/WO2017041246A1/en
Publication of WO2017041246A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017041246A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Definitions

  • the name of the invention a device for peeling oranges
  • the present invention relates to a fruit processing device, and more particularly to a peeling orange device.
  • Orange is a high-vitamin fruit that is popular with people.
  • the skin of the orange is not easily separated from the flesh.
  • the practical orange tart is usually cut directly into a single piece; or in order to reduce the juice outflow during the cutting process, the end of the orange is cut off, and the outer skin of the orange is cut out several verticals. Parallel incisions allow the skin of the orange to be peeled off by hand.
  • the above method can only be carried out manually, peeling off the oranges and easily scratching the fingers, and the safety is low; the method is manually processed, the efficiency is low, and industrialized mass production cannot be realized. There is currently no device that can peel oranges.
  • an object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for peeling oranges.
  • a peeling orange device comprising a casing and an upper cover, the casing is composed of a bottom surface and two side faces, and the upper cover is connected with the two sides, the upper cover
  • a guide hole is arranged in the longitudinal direction, and horizontal support frames are respectively arranged at the front and rear ends of the housing, and both ends of the support frame are fixed on the side of the housing, the rail is mounted on the support frame, the track is parallel to the guide port, and the track is annularly closed.
  • the circuit the rail is matched with the support seat, the pulley is mounted on the support base, the pulley is matched with the track, the upper part of the support seat is provided with a gear plate, the upper part of the gear plate is provided with a socket; the guide hole is provided with a flat cutting device, flat cutting One side of the cutting device is provided with a plurality of vertical cutting devices, and the vertical cutting device is installed at the lower portion of the upper cover.
  • the vertical cutting device comprises two guiding pieces and a vertical knife. The two guiding pieces are arranged up and down, and the guiding piece is arranged.
  • a guiding piece is arranged on the guiding piece seat, a vertical guiding groove is arranged on the guiding piece, and a sliding handle is arranged on the vertical blade, sliding Cooperating with the guiding groove, the vertical knife is provided with a magnetic block, the upper guiding piece seat is provided with an electromagnetic block, and the lower guiding piece seat is provided with a lower electromagnetic block; each vertical cutting device is provided with a variable direction wheel, and the direction is changed The outer circumference of the wheel is provided with a meshing tooth, and the turning wheel cooperates with the gear plate.
  • the flat cutting device package Including a horizontal knife, one end of the horizontal knife is hinged at one end of the pull rod, the other end of the pull rod is hinged to one side of the turntable with the motor, the turntable is mounted on the top of the upper cover, and the other end of the horizontal knife is connected to one end of the slide bar, and the other of the slide bar
  • One end is matched with a sliding sleeve, and the sliding sleeve is mounted on the top of the upper cover, and the turntable and the sliding sleeve are respectively located on both sides of the guiding opening.
  • the groove of the guiding groove is curved.
  • the blade of the horizontal blade is serrated.
  • the upper part of the horizontal knife is provided with a stop block, the block is close to the horizontal knife side, the bottom of the casing is provided with a recovery box, and the recovery box is located at the lower part of the horizontal knife.
  • the socket is composed of a large socket and a plurality of small sockets, and the small sockets are evenly arranged in the outer circumference of the large socket.
  • the invention has the advantages that: the invention can cut off the end of the orange, complete the cutting of the carrying skin and cut the vertical parallel, and then manually peel the outer skin. There is no loss of juice during the orange cutting process, ensuring the integrity of the orange pulp, which is convenient for people to eat or further processing. The whole process is mechanical operation, no manual work is required, avoiding scratching the finger during the cutting process and improving safety; The invention can improve the speed of cutting oranges, and is directly applied to industrial mass production, especially the industry that only extracts orange pulp, and improves production efficiency. The invention also has the advantages of simple and compact structure, low manufacturing cost and simple use.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the structure of FIG. 1
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 2 is a partial enlarged structural view of FIG. 2
  • FIG. 6 is a partially enlarged structural view of the m of FIG.
  • a peeling orange device as shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, includes a casing 13 and an upper cover 12, and the casing 13 has a bottom surface and two
  • the upper cover 12 is connected to the two sides, the housing 13 has a protective effect on all the devices in the device, and the upper cover 12 forms a protective shell on both sides of the mouth, and the two sides are convenient for the orange to be placed and accessed.
  • a guide port 21 is formed in the longitudinal direction of the upper cover 12, and the guide port 21 forms a path for the orange to move, and the device in the casing facilitates maintenance through the guide port 21.
  • a horizontal support frame 2 is respectively disposed at the front and rear ends of the casing 13. The two ends of the support frame 2 are fixed on the side of the casing 13.
  • the support frame 2 is mounted with a rail 11 which is parallel with the guide port 21, and the track 11 is a ring-shaped closed circuit, the rail 11 is matched with a support base 4, and a pulley 3 with a motor is mounted on the support base 4.
  • the pulley 3 cooperates with the rail 11, and the support base 4 can move along the rail 11 under the action of the pulley 3, and along the The track 11 is rotated in one direction.
  • the upper part of the support base 4 is provided with a gear plate 5, the gear plate 5 is rotatable on the support base 4, the upper part of the gear plate 5 is provided with a socket, and the socket is used for fixing the orange; the flat cutting device 8 is provided at the guide port 21, and the flat cutting device is provided 8
  • the ends of the oranges can be cut horizontally, and a plurality of vertical cutting devices 9 are provided on one side of the flat cutting device 8.
  • the vertical cutting device 9 is mounted on the lower portion of the upper cover 12, as shown in Figs.
  • the vertical cutting device 9 includes two guide piece seats 21, a vertical knife 26, and two guide piece seats 21 up and down Arranged, one end of the guide piece seat 21 is fixedly mounted on the housing 13, and the guide piece seat 21 is provided with a guide piece 24, and the guide piece 24 is provided with a vertical guiding groove 27, and the vertical blade 26 is provided with a sliding handle 25 for sliding
  • the shank 25 is engaged with the guide groove 27, the vertical knives 26 are provided with a magnetic block 23
  • the upper guide piece seat 21 is provided with an electromagnetic block 22, and the lower guide piece seat 21 is provided with a lower electromagnetic block 18.
  • the upper electromagnetic block 22 and the lower electromagnetic block 18 are differently energized.
  • the magnetic block 23 moves upward to the electromagnetic block 22, causing the vertical blade 26 to move upward; the lower electromagnetic block 18 is energized, and the magnetic block 23 is downward.
  • the electromagnetic block 18 moves, causing the vertical knife 26 to move downward.
  • the on/off operation of the upper electromagnetic block 2 2 and the lower electromagnetic block 18 realizes the vertical movement of the vertical blade 26 to complete the vertical cutting of the orange.
  • the groove of the guiding groove 27 is curved, and the movement path of the vertical blade 26 is curved, which can be cut along the outside of the orange to avoid cutting to the pulp, and avoid the loss of juice in the orange during the process of cutting the orange.
  • a variable direction wheel 10 is disposed between each vertical cutting device 9, and a meshing tooth is disposed on the outer circumference of the variable wheel 10, and the wheel 10 is matched with the gear plate 5. After the gear plate 5 is engaged with the wheel 10, the support seat 4 is followed. The movement, the fixed deflecting wheel 10 drives the gear plate 5 to rotate, thereby causing the orange to complete a certain angle of rotation.
  • the working process of the invention is: inserting the orange into the socket, the end of the orange is upward, and the orange is driven by the support base 4, as shown in Fig. 1, moving left to right, and cutting the top of the orange through the flat cutting device 8 ⁇ ,
  • the support base 4 is moved to the right until the first vertical cutting device 9 is paused, the lower electromagnetic block 18 of the vertical cutting device 9 is energized, the vertical cutter 26 is cut downward, and the support base 4 is moved to the right again, the gear plate 5 cooperate with the turning wheel 10, with With the movement of the support base 4, the gear plate 5 is rotated by a certain angle.
  • Fig. 1 As shown in Fig.
  • the gear plate 5 is rotated by 60°, the electromagnetic block 22 is energized on the same side, the lower electromagnetic block 18 is de-energized, and the vertical cutter 26 is reset. 4 After the vertical cutting device 9 is finished, the vertical cutting of the orange is completed. The end of the orange is cut off, and the orange skin is cut out of several vertical parallel incisions, and the orange can be removed directly. skin.
  • the flat cutting device 8 is a horizontal blade, a saw gear plate or other cutting device, preferably the following device.
  • the flat cutting device 8 includes a horizontal blade 14, one end of which is hinged to one end of the pull rod 20, and the other end of the pull rod 20 is hinged to one side of the turntable 19 with the motor, and the turntable 19 is mounted on the upper cover 12.
  • the other end of the horizontal blade 14 is connected to one end of the sliding bar 16, and the other end of the sliding bar 16 is matched with a sliding sleeve 15.
  • the sliding sleeve 15 is mounted on the top of the upper cover 13, and the turntable 19 and the sliding sleeve 15 are respectively located at the guiding opening 21
  • the horizontal knife 14 performs horizontal movement under the action of the sliding sleeve 15 and the sliding rod 16, and the cutting of the top of the passing orange, horizontal cutting can increase the strength of the cutting, avoiding The orange is jammed and cut evenly for easy manual peeling.
  • the blade of the horizontal blade 14 is serrated, and the zigzag shape can increase the strength of the cutting, which makes the cutting process smoother.
  • the upper portion of the horizontal blade 14 is provided with a stopper 17, and the stopper 17 is close to the side of the horizontal blade 14.
  • the stopper 17 blocks the end of the cut orange, so that the end of the orange does not move forward, when the orange moves After the walk, the end of the orange falls;
  • the bottom of the casing 13 is provided with a recovery tank 1 which is located at the lower portion of the horizontal knife 14, and the end of the fallen orange is placed in the recovery tank 1 to keep the work site clean and tidy.
  • the socket is composed of a large socket 6 and a plurality of small sockets 7, and the small sockets 7 are uniformly arranged in a ring shape on the outer circumference of the large socket 6.
  • the large socket 6 positions the inserted orange and ensures the stability of the orange position.
  • the small socket 7 fixes the circumference of the lower part of the orange to further improve the stability of the orange.

Abstract

Disclosed is an orange peeling device, which comprises a housing (13) and an upper lid (12), wherein the upper lid (12) is provided with a guide opening (21) in a lengthwise direction, front and rear ends in the housing (13) are respectively provided with a horizontal support frame (2), two ends of the support frame (2) are fixed on a side face of the housing (13), a track (11) is mounted the support frame (2), the track (11) is parallel to the guide opening (21), the track (11) is an annular closed loop, the track (11) is fitted with a support seat (4), a pulley (3) with an electrical motor is mounted on the support seat (4), the pulley (3) is fitted with the track (11), the upper part of the support seat (4) is provided with a gear disk (5), and an upper part of the gear disk (5) is provided with a socket; and a horizontal peeling device (8) is provided at the guide opening (21), a plurality of vertical peeling devices (9) is provided on one side of the horizontal peeling device (8), a diversion wheel (10) is provided between the vertical peeling devices (9), meshing teeth are provided on the outer periphery of the diversion wheel (10), and the diversion wheel (10) is fitted with the gear disk (5). The device is able to cut an end portion of an orange off, and to cut vertically parallel notches from an outer peel, and then the outer peel is peeled by hand. There is no juice loss during the peeling process of the orange, which guarantees the integrity of orange pulp, so that it is convenient for people to eat or further process the orange.

Description

说明书 发明名称:一种剥橙子装置  Description: The name of the invention: a device for peeling oranges
技术领域  Technical field
[0001] 本发明涉及一种水果加工装置, 确切地说是一种剥橙子装置。  [0001] The present invention relates to a fruit processing device, and more particularly to a peeling orange device.
背景技术  Background technique
[0002] 橙子是一种高维生素的水果, 广受人们的欢迎。 橙子的外皮与果肉之间不易分 离, 实用橙子吋一般采用直接切成单块的方式; 或者为了减少切幵过程中果汁 流出, 将橙子端部切除, 再将橙子的外皮切出数条竖向平行的切口, 即可手工 将橙子的外皮剥去。 上述方法只能采用手动进行, 剥橙子吋容易划伤手指, 安 全性较低; 该方法人工处理, 效率较低, 无法实现工业化大批量的生产。 目前 还没有一种能够剥橙子的装置。  [0002] Orange is a high-vitamin fruit that is popular with people. The skin of the orange is not easily separated from the flesh. The practical orange tart is usually cut directly into a single piece; or in order to reduce the juice outflow during the cutting process, the end of the orange is cut off, and the outer skin of the orange is cut out several verticals. Parallel incisions allow the skin of the orange to be peeled off by hand. The above method can only be carried out manually, peeling off the oranges and easily scratching the fingers, and the safety is low; the method is manually processed, the efficiency is low, and industrialized mass production cannot be realized. There is currently no device that can peel oranges.
问题的解决方案  Problem solution
技术解决方案  Technical solution
[0003] 为解决上述问题, 本发明的目的是提供一种剥橙子装置。  In order to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for peeling oranges.
[0004] 本发明为实现上述目的, 通过以下技术方案实现: 一种剥橙子装置, 包括壳体 和上盖, 壳体由底面和两个侧面组成, 上盖与两个侧面连接, 上盖的长度方向 幵设导向口, 壳体内的前后两端分别设置水平的支撑架, 支撑架的两端固定在 壳体的侧面上, 支撑架上安装轨道, 轨道与导向口平行, 轨道为环形的闭合的 回路, 轨道配合设置支撑座, 支撑座上安装带有电机的滑轮, 滑轮与轨道配合 , 支撑座的上部设置齿轮盘, 齿轮盘的上部设置插座; 导向口处设置平削切装 置, 平削切装置的一侧设置数个竖削切装置, 竖削切装置安装在上盖的下部, 竖削切装置包括两个导向片座、 竖向刀, 两个导向片座上下排列, 导向片座的 一端固定安装在壳体上, 导向片座上设置导向片, 导向片上幵设竖向的导向槽 , 竖向刀上设置滑动柄, 滑动柄与导向槽配合, 竖向刀上设置磁块, 上部的导 向片座上设置上电磁块, 下部的导向片座上设置下电磁块; 各个竖削切装置之 间均设置变向轮, 变向轮外周设置啮合齿, 变向轮与齿轮盘配合。  [0004] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: A peeling orange device, comprising a casing and an upper cover, the casing is composed of a bottom surface and two side faces, and the upper cover is connected with the two sides, the upper cover A guide hole is arranged in the longitudinal direction, and horizontal support frames are respectively arranged at the front and rear ends of the housing, and both ends of the support frame are fixed on the side of the housing, the rail is mounted on the support frame, the track is parallel to the guide port, and the track is annularly closed. The circuit, the rail is matched with the support seat, the pulley is mounted on the support base, the pulley is matched with the track, the upper part of the support seat is provided with a gear plate, the upper part of the gear plate is provided with a socket; the guide hole is provided with a flat cutting device, flat cutting One side of the cutting device is provided with a plurality of vertical cutting devices, and the vertical cutting device is installed at the lower portion of the upper cover. The vertical cutting device comprises two guiding pieces and a vertical knife. The two guiding pieces are arranged up and down, and the guiding piece is arranged. One end is fixedly mounted on the casing, a guiding piece is arranged on the guiding piece seat, a vertical guiding groove is arranged on the guiding piece, and a sliding handle is arranged on the vertical blade, sliding Cooperating with the guiding groove, the vertical knife is provided with a magnetic block, the upper guiding piece seat is provided with an electromagnetic block, and the lower guiding piece seat is provided with a lower electromagnetic block; each vertical cutting device is provided with a variable direction wheel, and the direction is changed The outer circumference of the wheel is provided with a meshing tooth, and the turning wheel cooperates with the gear plate.
[0005] 为进一步实现本发明的目的, 还可以采用以下技术方案: 所述的平削切装置包 括水平刀, 水平刀的一端铰接拉杆的一端, 拉杆的另一端铰接带有电机的转盘 的一侧, 转盘安装在上盖的顶部, 水平刀的另一端连接滑杆的一端, 滑杆的另 一端配合设置滑套, 滑套安装在上盖的顶部, 转盘和滑套分别位于导向口的两 侧。 所述的导向槽的槽体为弧形。 所述的水平刀的刀刃为锯齿状。 所述的水平 刀上部设置挡块, 挡块接近水平刀一侧, 壳体的底部设置回收箱, 回收箱位于 水平刀的下部。 所述的插座由一个大插座和数个小插座组成, 小插座在大插座 外周环形均匀排列。 [0005] In order to further achieve the object of the present invention, the following technical solutions may also be adopted: The flat cutting device package Including a horizontal knife, one end of the horizontal knife is hinged at one end of the pull rod, the other end of the pull rod is hinged to one side of the turntable with the motor, the turntable is mounted on the top of the upper cover, and the other end of the horizontal knife is connected to one end of the slide bar, and the other of the slide bar One end is matched with a sliding sleeve, and the sliding sleeve is mounted on the top of the upper cover, and the turntable and the sliding sleeve are respectively located on both sides of the guiding opening. The groove of the guiding groove is curved. The blade of the horizontal blade is serrated. The upper part of the horizontal knife is provided with a stop block, the block is close to the horizontal knife side, the bottom of the casing is provided with a recovery box, and the recovery box is located at the lower part of the horizontal knife. The socket is composed of a large socket and a plurality of small sockets, and the small sockets are evenly arranged in the outer circumference of the large socket.
发明的有益效果  Advantageous effects of the invention
有益效果  Beneficial effect
[0006] 本发明的优点在于: 本发明能够将橙子端部切除, 完成承载外皮切出竖向平行 的切口, 再手工将外皮剥去。 橙子削切过程中不会有果汁的损失, 保证橙子果 肉的完整性, 便于人们食用或者进一步加工; 全过程为机械操作, 无需人工进 行, 避免削切过程中划伤手指, 提高安全性; 本发明能够提高削切橙子的速度 , 直接应用于工业大批量的生产, 特别是只提取橙子果肉的行业, 提高生产效 率。 本发明还具有结构简洁紧凑、 制造成本低廉和使用简便的优点。  [0006] The invention has the advantages that: the invention can cut off the end of the orange, complete the cutting of the carrying skin and cut the vertical parallel, and then manually peel the outer skin. There is no loss of juice during the orange cutting process, ensuring the integrity of the orange pulp, which is convenient for people to eat or further processing. The whole process is mechanical operation, no manual work is required, avoiding scratching the finger during the cutting process and improving safety; The invention can improve the speed of cutting oranges, and is directly applied to industrial mass production, especially the industry that only extracts orange pulp, and improves production efficiency. The invention also has the advantages of simple and compact structure, low manufacturing cost and simple use.
对附图的简要说明  Brief description of the drawing
附图说明  DRAWINGS
[0007] 图 1是本发明的结构示意图; 图 2是图 1的俯视结构示意图; 图 3是图 1的 A向视放 大结构示意图; 图 4是图 1的 I的局部放大结构示意图; 图 5是图 2的 Π局部放大结 构示意图; 图 6是图 1的 m局部放大结构示意图。  1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the structure of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a schematic enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 2 is a partial enlarged structural view of FIG. 2; FIG. 6 is a partially enlarged structural view of the m of FIG.
[0008] 附图标记: 1回收箱 2支撑架 3滑轮 4支撑座 5齿轮盘 6大插座 7小插座 8平削切 装置 9竖削切装置 10变向轮 11轨道 12上盖 13壳体 14水平刀 15滑套 16滑杆 17挡 块 18下电磁块 19转盘 20拉杆 21导向口 22上电磁块 23磁块 24导向片 25滑块 26 竖向刀 27导向槽。  Reference numerals: 1 recovery box 2 support frame 3 pulley 4 support base 5 gear plate 6 large socket 7 small socket 8 flat cutting device 9 vertical cutting device 10 variable wheel 11 track 12 upper cover 13 housing 14 Horizontal knife 15 Sleeve 16 Slider 17 Stop 18 Lower electromagnetic block 19 Turntable 20 Pull rod 21 Guide port 22 Electromagnetic block 23 Magnetic block 24 Guide piece 25 Slider 26 Vertical knife 27 guide groove.
本发明的实施方式 Embodiments of the invention
[0009] 一种剥橙子装置, 如图 1或图 2所示, 包括壳体 13和上盖 12, 壳体 13由底面和两 个侧面组成, 上盖 12与两个侧面连接, 壳体 13对装置内所有的设备具有保护作 用, 与上盖 12组成一个两侧幵口的保护壳, 两侧便于橙子放置和进出。 上盖 12 的长度方向幵设导向口 21, 导向口 21形成橙子移动的路径, 壳体内的装置便于 通过导向口 21进行维修。 壳体 13内的前后两端分别设置水平的支撑架 2, 支撑架 2的两端固定在壳体 13的侧面上, 支撑架 2上安装轨道 11, 轨道 11与导向口 21平 行, 轨道 11为环形的闭合的回路, 轨道 11配合设置支撑座 4, 支撑座 4上安装带 有电机的滑轮 3, 滑轮 3与轨道 11配合, 支撑座 4在滑轮 3的作用下能够沿轨道 11 走动, 并且沿轨道 11单方向循环转动。 支撑座 4的上部设置齿轮盘 5, 齿轮盘 5能 够在支撑座 4上转动, 齿轮盘 5的上部设置插座, 插座用于固定橙子; 导向口 21 处设置平削切装置 8, 平削切装置 8能够将橙子的端部水平切除, 平削切装置 8的 一侧设置数个竖削切装置 9。 竖削切装置 9安装在上盖 12的下部, 如图 3、 图 4和 图 5所示, 竖削切装置 9包括两个导向片座 21、 竖向刀 26, 两个导向片座 21上下 排列, 导向片座 21的一端固定安装在壳体 13上, 导向片座 21上设置导向片 24, 导向片 24上幵设竖向的导向槽 27, 竖向刀 26上设置滑动柄 25, 滑动柄 25与导向 槽 27配合, 竖向刀 26上设置磁块 23, 上部的导向片座 21上设置上电磁块 22, 下 部的导向片座 21上设置下电磁块 18。 上电磁块 22和下电磁块 18不同吋通电, 当 上电磁块 22通电吋, 磁块 23向上电磁块 22移动, 带动竖向刀 26向上移动; 下电 磁块 18通电吋, 磁块 23向下电磁块 18移动, 带动竖向刀 26向下移动。 上电磁块 2 2和下电磁块 18的通断电实现竖向刀 26的上下运动, 完成橙子竖向的切割。 所述 的导向槽 27的槽体为弧形, 竖向刀 26的运动轨迹为弧形, 能够沿橙子的外部进 行切割, 避免切割至果肉, 避免切割橙子过程中橙子内的果汁流失。 各个竖削 切装置 9之间均设置变向轮 10, 变向轮 10外周设置啮合齿, 变向轮 10与齿轮盘 5 配合, 齿轮盘 5与变向轮 10配合后, 随之支撑座 4的移动, 固定的变向轮 10带动 齿轮盘 5转动, 从而使橙子完成一定角度的旋转。 [0009] A peeling orange device, as shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, includes a casing 13 and an upper cover 12, and the casing 13 has a bottom surface and two The upper cover 12 is connected to the two sides, the housing 13 has a protective effect on all the devices in the device, and the upper cover 12 forms a protective shell on both sides of the mouth, and the two sides are convenient for the orange to be placed and accessed. A guide port 21 is formed in the longitudinal direction of the upper cover 12, and the guide port 21 forms a path for the orange to move, and the device in the casing facilitates maintenance through the guide port 21. A horizontal support frame 2 is respectively disposed at the front and rear ends of the casing 13. The two ends of the support frame 2 are fixed on the side of the casing 13. The support frame 2 is mounted with a rail 11 which is parallel with the guide port 21, and the track 11 is a ring-shaped closed circuit, the rail 11 is matched with a support base 4, and a pulley 3 with a motor is mounted on the support base 4. The pulley 3 cooperates with the rail 11, and the support base 4 can move along the rail 11 under the action of the pulley 3, and along the The track 11 is rotated in one direction. The upper part of the support base 4 is provided with a gear plate 5, the gear plate 5 is rotatable on the support base 4, the upper part of the gear plate 5 is provided with a socket, and the socket is used for fixing the orange; the flat cutting device 8 is provided at the guide port 21, and the flat cutting device is provided 8 The ends of the oranges can be cut horizontally, and a plurality of vertical cutting devices 9 are provided on one side of the flat cutting device 8. The vertical cutting device 9 is mounted on the lower portion of the upper cover 12, as shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, the vertical cutting device 9 includes two guide piece seats 21, a vertical knife 26, and two guide piece seats 21 up and down Arranged, one end of the guide piece seat 21 is fixedly mounted on the housing 13, and the guide piece seat 21 is provided with a guide piece 24, and the guide piece 24 is provided with a vertical guiding groove 27, and the vertical blade 26 is provided with a sliding handle 25 for sliding The shank 25 is engaged with the guide groove 27, the vertical knives 26 are provided with a magnetic block 23, the upper guide piece seat 21 is provided with an electromagnetic block 22, and the lower guide piece seat 21 is provided with a lower electromagnetic block 18. The upper electromagnetic block 22 and the lower electromagnetic block 18 are differently energized. When the upper electromagnetic block 22 is energized, the magnetic block 23 moves upward to the electromagnetic block 22, causing the vertical blade 26 to move upward; the lower electromagnetic block 18 is energized, and the magnetic block 23 is downward. The electromagnetic block 18 moves, causing the vertical knife 26 to move downward. The on/off operation of the upper electromagnetic block 2 2 and the lower electromagnetic block 18 realizes the vertical movement of the vertical blade 26 to complete the vertical cutting of the orange. The groove of the guiding groove 27 is curved, and the movement path of the vertical blade 26 is curved, which can be cut along the outside of the orange to avoid cutting to the pulp, and avoid the loss of juice in the orange during the process of cutting the orange. A variable direction wheel 10 is disposed between each vertical cutting device 9, and a meshing tooth is disposed on the outer circumference of the variable wheel 10, and the wheel 10 is matched with the gear plate 5. After the gear plate 5 is engaged with the wheel 10, the support seat 4 is followed. The movement, the fixed deflecting wheel 10 drives the gear plate 5 to rotate, thereby causing the orange to complete a certain angle of rotation.
本发明的工作过程为: 将橙子插入插座上, 橙子的端部向上, 橙子由支撑座 4 带动, 如图 1所示, 有左向右移动, 经过平削切装置 8吋将橙子顶部切除, 支撑 座 4向右运动至第一个竖削切装置 9吋暂停, 竖削切装置 9的下电磁块 18通电, 使 竖向刀 26向下完成切割, 支撑座 4再次向右移动, 齿轮盘 5与变向轮 10配合, 随 着支撑座 4的移动, 齿轮盘 5转动一定角度, 如图 1所示, 齿轮盘 5转动 60°, 同吋 上电磁块 22通电, 下电磁块 18断电, 竖向刀 26复位, 支撑座 4一次经过后面的竖 削切装置 9后完成对橙子竖向的切割, 此吋橙子的端部被切除, 橙子的外皮切出 数条竖向平行的切口, 取下橙子直接可以进行手工剥除外皮。 The working process of the invention is: inserting the orange into the socket, the end of the orange is upward, and the orange is driven by the support base 4, as shown in Fig. 1, moving left to right, and cutting the top of the orange through the flat cutting device 8吋, The support base 4 is moved to the right until the first vertical cutting device 9 is paused, the lower electromagnetic block 18 of the vertical cutting device 9 is energized, the vertical cutter 26 is cut downward, and the support base 4 is moved to the right again, the gear plate 5 cooperate with the turning wheel 10, with With the movement of the support base 4, the gear plate 5 is rotated by a certain angle. As shown in Fig. 1, the gear plate 5 is rotated by 60°, the electromagnetic block 22 is energized on the same side, the lower electromagnetic block 18 is de-energized, and the vertical cutter 26 is reset. 4 After the vertical cutting device 9 is finished, the vertical cutting of the orange is completed. The end of the orange is cut off, and the orange skin is cut out of several vertical parallel incisions, and the orange can be removed directly. skin.
[0011] 所述的平削切装置 8为水平的刀片、 锯齿轮片或者其他削切的装置, 优选下述 装置。 如图 6所示, 平削切装置 8包括水平刀 14, 水平刀 14的一端铰接拉杆 20的 一端, 拉杆 20的另一端铰接带有电机的转盘 19的一侧, 转盘 19安装在上盖 12的 顶部, 水平刀 14的另一端连接滑杆 16的一端, 滑杆 16的另一端配合设置滑套 15 , 滑套 15安装在上盖 13的顶部, 转盘 19和滑套 15分别位于导向口 21的两侧, 随 之转盘 19的转动, 水平刀 14在滑套 15和滑杆 16的作用下做水平运动, 将经过的 橙子的顶部的削切, 水平削切能够增加削切的力度, 避免橙子被卡主, 而且削 切均匀, 便于后面的手工剥皮。 所述的水平刀 14的刀刃为锯齿状, 锯齿状能够 增加削切的力度, 使削切过程更加顺利。  [0011] The flat cutting device 8 is a horizontal blade, a saw gear plate or other cutting device, preferably the following device. As shown in Fig. 6, the flat cutting device 8 includes a horizontal blade 14, one end of which is hinged to one end of the pull rod 20, and the other end of the pull rod 20 is hinged to one side of the turntable 19 with the motor, and the turntable 19 is mounted on the upper cover 12. The other end of the horizontal blade 14 is connected to one end of the sliding bar 16, and the other end of the sliding bar 16 is matched with a sliding sleeve 15. The sliding sleeve 15 is mounted on the top of the upper cover 13, and the turntable 19 and the sliding sleeve 15 are respectively located at the guiding opening 21 On both sides, with the rotation of the turntable 19, the horizontal knife 14 performs horizontal movement under the action of the sliding sleeve 15 and the sliding rod 16, and the cutting of the top of the passing orange, horizontal cutting can increase the strength of the cutting, avoiding The orange is jammed and cut evenly for easy manual peeling. The blade of the horizontal blade 14 is serrated, and the zigzag shape can increase the strength of the cutting, which makes the cutting process smoother.
[0012] 所述的水平刀 14上部设置挡块 17, 挡块 17接近水平刀 14一侧, 挡块 17将削切的 橙子端部阻挡, 使橙子端部不再向前移动, 当橙子移走后, 橙子的端部下落; 壳体 13的底部设置回收箱 1, 回收箱 1位于水平刀 14的下部, 下落的橙子的端部 落入回收箱 1内, 保持工作现场的整洁。  [0012] The upper portion of the horizontal blade 14 is provided with a stopper 17, and the stopper 17 is close to the side of the horizontal blade 14. The stopper 17 blocks the end of the cut orange, so that the end of the orange does not move forward, when the orange moves After the walk, the end of the orange falls; the bottom of the casing 13 is provided with a recovery tank 1 which is located at the lower portion of the horizontal knife 14, and the end of the fallen orange is placed in the recovery tank 1 to keep the work site clean and tidy.
[0013] 为进一步提高橙子移动过程的稳定性, 所述的插座由一个大插座 6和数个小插 座 7组成, 小插座 7在大插座 6外周环形均匀排列。 大插座 6对插入橙子进行定位 , 并且保证橙子的位置的稳定; 小插座 7对橙子下部的四周进行固定, 进一步提 高橙子的稳定性。 当橙子运行至翻转处吋, 在重力的作用下橙子自由下落, 此 处放置收集的装置即可。  [0013] In order to further improve the stability of the orange movement process, the socket is composed of a large socket 6 and a plurality of small sockets 7, and the small sockets 7 are uniformly arranged in a ring shape on the outer circumference of the large socket 6. The large socket 6 positions the inserted orange and ensures the stability of the orange position. The small socket 7 fixes the circumference of the lower part of the orange to further improve the stability of the orange. When the orange is running to the flip, the orange is free to fall under the influence of gravity, and the collected device can be placed here.
[0014] 本发明的技术方案并不限制于本发明所述的实施例的范围内。 本发明未详尽 描述的技术内容均为公知技术。  [0014] The technical solution of the present invention is not limited to the scope of the embodiments described in the present invention. The technical contents not described in detail in the present invention are all well-known techniques.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
[权利要求 1] 一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 包括壳体 (13) 和上盖 (12) , 壳体  [Claim 1] An apparatus for peeling oranges, comprising: a casing (13) and an upper cover (12), a casing
( 13) 由底面和两个侧面组成, 上盖 (12) 与两个侧面连接, 上盖 ( 12) 的长度方向幵设导向口 (21) , 壳体 (13) 内的前后两端分别设 置水平的支撑架 (2) , 支撑架 (2) 的两端固定在壳体 (13) 的侧面 上, 支撑架 (2) 上安装轨道 (11) , 轨道 (11) 与导向口 (21) 平 行, 轨道 (11) 为环形的闭合的回路, 轨道 (11) 配合设置支撑座 ( 4) , 支撑座 (4) 上安装带有电机的滑轮 (3) , 滑轮 (3) 与轨道 ( (13) It consists of a bottom surface and two sides. The upper cover (12) is connected to the two sides. The upper cover (12) is provided with a guide opening (21) in the longitudinal direction, and the front and rear ends of the housing (13) are respectively arranged. The horizontal support frame (2), the two ends of the support frame (2) are fixed on the side of the casing (13), the support frame (2) is mounted on the rail (11), and the rail (11) is parallel to the guide port (21) , the track (11) is a closed loop of the ring, the rail (11) is fitted with a support seat (4), and the pulley (3) with the motor, the pulley (3) and the rail are mounted on the support base (4)
11) 配合, 支撑座 (4) 的上部设置齿轮盘 (5) , 齿轮盘 (5) 的上 部设置插座; 导向口 (21) 处设置平削切装置 (8) , 平削切装置 (8 ) 的一侧设置数个竖削切装置 (9) , 竖削切装置 (9) 安装在上盖 (11) Cooperate, the upper part of the support base (4) is provided with a gear plate (5), the upper part of the gear plate (5) is provided with a socket; the guide opening (21) is provided with a flat cutting device (8), and the flat cutting device (8) One side is provided with several vertical cutting devices (9), and the vertical cutting device (9) is mounted on the upper cover (
12) 的下部, 竖削切装置 (9) 包括两个导向片座 (21) 、 竖向刀 (2 6) , 两个导向片座 (21) 上下排列, 导向片座 (21) 的一端固定安 装在壳体 (13) 上, 导向片座 (21) 上设置导向片 (24) , 导向片 ( 24) 上幵设竖向的导向槽 (27) , 竖向刀 (26) 上设置滑动柄 (25)In the lower part of 12), the vertical cutting device (9) comprises two guiding piece seats (21) and a vertical knife (2 6), and two guiding piece seats (21) are arranged one above the other, and one end of the guiding piece seat (21) is fixed. Mounted on the housing (13), the guide piece (21) is provided with a guide piece (24), the guide piece (24) is provided with a vertical guiding groove (27), and the vertical blade (26) is provided with a sliding handle (25)
, 滑动柄 (25) 与导向槽 (27) 配合, 竖向刀 (26) 上设置磁块 (23 ) , 上部的导向片座 (21) 上设置上电磁块 (22) , 下部的导向片座The sliding handle (25) is matched with the guiding groove (27), the vertical block (26) is provided with a magnetic block (23), and the upper guiding piece seat (21) is provided with an electromagnetic block (22), and the lower guiding piece seat
(21) 上设置下电磁块 (18) ; 各个竖削切装置 (9) 之间均设置变 向轮 (10) , 变向轮 (10) 外周设置啮合齿, 变向轮 (10) 与齿轮盘(21) Set the lower electromagnetic block (18); set the direction changing wheel (10) between each vertical cutting device (9), and set the meshing gear on the outer circumference of the turning wheel (10), the turning wheel (10) and the gear plate
(5) 配合。 (5) Coordination.
[权利要求 2] 根据权利要求 1所述的一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 所述的平削切 装置 (8) 包括水平刀 (14) , 水平刀 (14) 的一端铰接拉杆 (20) 的一端, 拉杆 (20) 的另一端铰接带有电机的转盘 (19) 的一侧, 转 盘 (19) 安装在上盖 (12) 的顶部, 水平刀 (14) 的另一端连接滑杆 ( 16) 的一端, 滑杆 (16) 的另一端配合设置滑套 (15) , 滑套 (15 ) 安装在上盖 (13) 的顶部, 转盘 (19) 和滑套 (15) 分别位于导向 口 (21) 的两侧。  [Claim 2] A peeling orange device according to claim 1, wherein: the flat cutting device (8) comprises a horizontal knife (14), and one end of the horizontal knife (14) is hinged (20) At one end, the other end of the tie rod (20) is hinged to one side of the motorized turntable (19), the turntable (19) is mounted on the top of the upper cover (12), and the other end of the horizontal knife (14) is connected to the slide bar ( At one end of the 16), the other end of the slide bar (16) is fitted with a sliding sleeve (15), the sliding sleeve (15) is mounted on the top of the upper cover (13), and the turntable (19) and the sliding sleeve (15) are respectively located at the guiding opening On both sides of (21).
[权利要求 3] 根据权利要求 1所述的一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 所述的导向槽 (27) 的槽体为弧形。 [Claim 3] A peeling orange device according to claim 1, wherein: the guiding groove The groove of (27) is curved.
[权利要求 4] 根据权利要求 2所述的一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 所述的水平刀  [Claim 4] A peeling orange device according to claim 2, wherein: said horizontal knife
(14) 的刀刃为锯齿状。  The blade of (14) is jagged.
[权利要求 5] 根据权利要求 ,2所述的一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 所述的水平刀 [Claim 5] The apparatus for peeling oranges according to claim 2, wherein: said horizontal knife
(14) 上部设置挡块 (17) , 挡块 (17) 接近水平刀 (14) 一侧, 壳 体 (13) 的底部设置回收箱 (1) , 回收箱 (1) 位于水平刀 (14) 的 下部。  (14) The upper part is set to the stopper (17), the stopper (17) is close to the horizontal knife (14) side, the bottom of the casing (13) is provided with a recovery box (1), and the recovery box (1) is located at the horizontal knife (14) The lower part.
[权利要求 6] 根据权利要求 1所述的一种剥橙子装置, 其特征在于: 所述的插座由 一个大插座 (6) 和数个小插座 (7) 组成, 小插座 (7) 在大插座 (6 ) 外周环形均匀排列。  [Claim 6] A peeling orange device according to claim 1, wherein: the socket is composed of a large socket (6) and a plurality of small sockets (7), and the small socket (7) is large. The outer circumference of the socket (6) is evenly arranged.
PCT/CN2015/089244 2015-09-09 2015-09-09 Orange peeling device WO2017041246A1 (en)

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