穿戴式生理检测装置Wearable physiological detection device
本发明涉及一种穿戴式生理检测装置，特别是，涉及一种应用于神经生理反馈区段的穿戴式生理检测装置。The present invention relates to a wearable physiological detecting device, and more particularly to a wearable physiological detecting device applied to a neurophysiological feedback section.
近年来，越来越多的研究着重于人体如何通过自我意识调控的方式而影响身体的运作系统，以达到改善身心健康的效果，例如，生理反馈(biofeedback)(包括神经生理反馈(neurofeedback))、冥想(meditation)、呼吸练习(breath exercise)等皆是目前已获大量研究结果支持，且也有越来越多人使用此方法。In recent years, more and more research has focused on how the human body influences the body's operating system through self-consciousness regulation to achieve physical and mental health effects, such as biofeedback (including neurofeedback). , meditation, breath exercise, etc. are currently supported by a large number of research results, and more and more people use this method.
其中，生理反馈是一种人体为了改善健康及效能等目的而学习如何改变生理活动的学习程序，在此程序中，人体中可通过意识，例如，思考、情绪、以及行为，改变的生理活动，例如，脑波，心率、呼吸、肌肉活动或皮肤温度等，会通过仪器进行监测，并快速且准确的将信息反馈给受试者，由于此信息与所欲达成的生理改变有关，因此，受试者在获得信息后，就可据此而进行自我意识调控，加强所需的生理反应。Among them, physiological feedback is a learning program in which the human body learns how to change physiological activities for the purpose of improving health and efficacy. In this procedure, physiological activities that can be changed by the human body through consciousness, for example, thinking, emotion, and behavior, For example, brain waves, heart rate, respiration, muscle activity, or skin temperature are monitored by the instrument and information is quickly and accurately fed back to the subject. Since this information is related to the physiological changes that are desired, After obtaining the information, the tester can adjust the self-consciousness according to this and strengthen the physiological response required.
神经生理反馈即是通过提供受试者实时脑部活动信息而进行的一种生理反馈，最常见的方式之一是通过侦测脑电图(EEG，electroencephalography)，而使用者在实时获得有关脑部活动的信息后，就可通过自我意识调整的方式，而达到影响脑部活动的效果。Neurophysiological feedback is a kind of physiological feedback by providing real-time brain activity information of the subject. One of the most common ways is to detect EEG (electroencephalography), and the user obtains relevant brain in real time. After the information of the activities of the Ministry, the effect of affecting the brain activities can be achieved through self-awareness adjustment.
另外，脑电图尚有一种很重要的应用，即是作为脑机界面(BCI，brain computer interface)，其中，通过侦测EEG可分析得出使用者的意图(intention)，再进而转换为操作指令。近年来，这样的脑机界面
配合神经生理反馈也被应用于游戏，例如，通过游戏的呈现方式而让使用者训练专注力等。In addition, there is a very important application of EEG, that is, as a brain computer interface (BCI), in which the EEG can be analyzed to obtain the user's intention, and then converted into operation. instruction. In recent years, such a brain-computer interface
Coordination with neurophysiological feedback is also applied to games, for example, by allowing the user to focus on the game through the presentation of the game.
由此可知，当涉及通过人体自身的调控机制而达到改进身心健康的效果、或是作为脑机界面的应用时，自我意识调控是最主要的途径，而众所周知，集中注意力是进行自我意识调控最主要的手段之一。因此，若能在神经生理反馈过程中通过提高集中注意力的方式而帮助自我意识调控的进行，将能更具效率地达到神经生理反馈的目标。It can be seen that self-consciousness regulation is the most important way when it comes to improving the physical and mental health through the human body's own regulatory mechanism, or as a brain-computer interface. It is well known that focusing attention is on self-consciousness regulation. One of the most important means. Therefore, if the self-consciousness regulation can be assisted by increasing the concentration of attention during the neurophysiological feedback process, the goal of neurophysiological feedback can be achieved more efficiently.
一般在需要集中注意力的静坐冥想过程中，通常会强调冥想者必须专注于呼吸的韵律，尤其在出现心思游移时，必须将注意力重新集中在一吸一吐的呼吸韵律上。因此，专注于呼吸韵律是已知可提升注意力的方法。In general, in the process of meditation, which requires concentration, it is usually emphasized that the meditator must focus on the rhythm of breathing, especially in the case of mental wandering, it is necessary to refocus attention on the breath rhythm of breathing. Therefore, focusing on respiratory rhythm is a known way to increase your concentration.
在一般没有意识介入的情形下，呼吸是受自律神经系统控制，会自动地根据身体需求而调节呼吸速率以及深度等，而另一方面，呼吸也可受意识控制，在有限的范围内，人体可以自行控制呼吸速率以及深度等，故已有研究显示，可通过控制呼吸的方式而影响交感神经以及副交感神经的平衡，一般的情形是，呼气期间会增加副交感神经活性，减缓心跳，而吸气期间则是会增加交感神经活性，并使得心跳加速。In the absence of conscious intervention, breathing is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, which automatically adjusts the breathing rate and depth according to the needs of the body. On the other hand, breathing can also be controlled by consciousness. Within a limited range, the human body Self-control of breathing rate and depth, etc., so studies have shown that the balance of sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves can be affected by controlling the way of breathing. In general, exhalation increases parasympathetic activity, slows heartbeat, and sucks. During the gas phase, it increases sympathetic activity and accelerates the heartbeat.
因此，当需要集中注意力而专注于呼吸韵律时，除了由于将注意力回归到呼气与吐气的韵律而达到专心及稳定的效果外，也同时会对自身的自律神经系统产生影响。此时，只要呼吸对自律神经系统的影响与进行神经生理反馈的目标一致时，例如，放松身心，就可以很自然地因增加对呼吸所进行的控制而让神经生理反馈的效果更上一层楼，达到相辅相成的效果。Therefore, when it is necessary to concentrate on the respiratory rhythm, in addition to achieving the concentration and stability of the breath due to returning to the rhythm of exhalation and exhalation, it also affects the autonomic nervous system. At this time, as long as the effect of breathing on the autonomic nervous system is consistent with the goal of performing neurophysiological feedback, for example, relaxing the body and mind, it is natural to increase the effect of the neurophysiological feedback by increasing the control of the breathing. The building achieves complementary effects.
意识控制而进行神经生理反馈时，提供进一步进行呼吸调整的依据，以使呼吸对改善身心健康的影响可同时被展现出来，进而相辅相成地让神经生理反馈可达成的效果更上一层楼。Therefore, there is indeed a need to develop a novel system that can be
When the neurophysiological feedback is controlled by consciousness, the basis for further adjustment of the breathing is provided, so that the effect of the breathing on improving the physical and mental health can be simultaneously exhibited, thereby complementing the effect that the neurophysiological feedback can achieve.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，用以提供脑部活动信息以及决定一呼吸导引信号，以作为使用者在一神经生理回馈区段中自我调整脑部功能的基础，进而达成一神经生理反馈回路，该装置包括：多个脑电电极，实施为干式电极；一穿戴结构，实施为与该多个脑电电极相结合，其中，当该穿戴结构设置于使用者的头部及/或耳朵时，该多个脑电电极被设置于可达成脑电信号测量回路的位置；以及一生理信号撷取电路，用以通过该多个脑电电极而取得脑电信号；其中，在该神经生理回馈区段中，该脑电信号作为产生一相关使用者脑部活动信息的基础，以提供给使用者；该脑电信号亦作为产生一相关使用者呼吸行为信息的基础，以用于提供及/或调整该呼吸导引信号；以及该使用者根据该相关脑部活动信息而进行自我意识调控，以及根据该呼吸导引信号而进行一呼吸行为模式，以达成对脑部功能的影响。It is an object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting device for providing brain activity information and determining a respiratory guidance signal as a basis for a user to self-adjust brain function in a neurophysiological feedback segment. A neurophysiological feedback loop is achieved, the device comprising: a plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, implemented as a dry electrode; and a wearable structure, implemented in combination with the plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, wherein the wearable structure is disposed on the user In the head and/or the ear, the plurality of EEG electrodes are disposed at a position at which the EEG signal measurement circuit can be achieved; and a physiological signal acquisition circuit is configured to obtain an EEG signal through the plurality of EEG electrodes; Wherein, in the neurophysiological feedback section, the EEG signal is provided as a basis for generating information about a user's brain activity to provide to the user; the EEG signal is also used as a basis for generating information about a user's respiratory behavior. For providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal; and the user performing self-aware regulation according to the relevant brain activity information, and according to Respiratory pilot carried out a breathing pattern of behavior, in order to achieve the effect on brain function.
的基础，以达成对脑部功能的影响。Another object of the present invention is a wearable physiological detecting device for providing physiological state information as a basis for a user to self-adjust brain function in a neurophysiological feedback segment, thereby achieving a neurophysiological feedback loop. The device comprises: a plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, implemented as a dry electrode; a light sensor; a wearable structure, implemented in combination with the plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, wherein the wearable structure is disposed on a user's head And/or an ear, the plurality of EEG electrodes are disposed at a position at which an EEG signal measurement circuit can be achieved, and the heart rate sensing unit is disposed at a position at which a heart rate sequence can be obtained; and a physiological signal acquisition circuit is used Obtaining an electroencephalogram signal through the plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, and obtaining a continuous pulse change by the photosensor, thereby obtaining a heart rate sequence; wherein, in the neurophysiological feedback section, the heart rate sequence is used to generate a user Heart rate and a breathing behavior; and the EEG signal, the breathing behavior, and the heart rate are correlated and the results are provided to User; the user performs self-consciousness regulation based on the correlation analysis result
The basis to achieve an impact on brain function.
本发明的再一目的在于提供一种一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其可取得脑电信号以及心率序列，以应用于神经生理反馈区段中。It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting apparatus that can acquire an electroencephalogram signal and a heart rate sequence for application in a neurophysiological feedback section.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其可在一神经生理反馈区段中提供脑部活动信息作为使用者进行自我意识调整的依据，以及也根据使用者的呼吸行为而决定所要提供的呼吸导引信号，以让使用者跟随调整呼吸，进而达到对脑部功能的影响。It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting device that can provide brain activity information in a neurophysiological feedback section as a basis for self-awareness adjustment by a user, and also according to a user's breathing behavior. Determine the respiratory guidance signal to be provided so that the user can follow the adjustment of the breathing to achieve the effect on the brain function.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其具有一头戴结构设置于使用者头部，并于穿戴时可达成将脑电电极设置于可达成脑电信号测量回路的位置，以及将心率感测单元设置在可取得心率序列的位置。Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device having a head-mounted structure disposed on a user's head and capable of setting an EEG electrode at a position where an EEG signal measuring circuit can be achieved when worn. And setting the heart rate sensing unit at a position where the heart rate sequence can be obtained.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其具有一耳戴结构设置于使用者一耳朵上，并于穿戴时可达成将脑电电极设置在可达成脑电信号测量回路的位置，以及将心率感测单元设置于可取得心率序列的位置。It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting device having an ear wearing structure disposed on an ear of a user, and when the device is worn, the brain electrical electrode can be disposed in an EEG signal measuring circuit. Position, and set the heart rate sensing unit to a position where the heart rate sequence can be obtained.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，通过分析心率序列而得出使用者的心率以及呼吸行为，进而在神经生理反馈区段中提供脑电信号，呼吸行为以及心率间的相关性分析结果，以作为使用者进行自我意识调控的基础。Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device that analyzes a heart rate sequence to obtain a heart rate and a respiratory behavior of a user, thereby providing an EEG signal, a respiratory behavior, and a heart rate in the neurophysiological feedback section. The results of the correlation analysis are used as the basis for the user's self-consciousness regulation.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device that analyzes an EEG signal to obtain a brain activity information of a user and a breathing behavior of the user, so that the brain is in the neurophysiological feedback section. Activity information is provided to the user for self-awareness regulation and to the user's breathing behavior as a basis for providing and/or adjusting respiratory guidance signals.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其中，多个脑电电极以及光传感器皆设置在一耳戴结构上，以便该装置在穿戴于耳朵上时同时取得脑电信号以及心率序列。A further object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device, wherein a plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes and photosensors are disposed on an ear wearing structure, so that the device simultaneously acquires an EEG signal while being worn on the ear and Heart rate sequence.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种穿戴式生理检测装置，其实施为将光传感器以及其中一脑电电极一起设置于在一耳夹结构中，以通过夹设方式而固定于耳朵上。It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting device which is configured to mount a photosensor and one of the electroencephalogram electrodes together in an ear clip structure to be fixed to the ear by means of a sandwich.
图1显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置通过头戴结构而设置于头上的实施示意图；1 is a schematic view showing the implementation of a wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention on a head through a head-mounted structure;
图2显示如图1的穿戴式生理检测装置增设耳戴结构的实施示意图；2 is a schematic view showing an implementation of adding an ear wearing structure of the wearable physiological detecting device of FIG. 1;
图3A-图3C显示耳夹结构的示范性实例；3A-3C show an exemplary example of an ear clip structure;
图4A-图4D显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置将心电电极穿戴于身上不同部位的示范性实例；4A-4D show an exemplary example of wearing an electrocardiographic electrode on different parts of a body according to the wearable physiological detecting device of the present invention;
图5A-图5B显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置将心电电极实施为外露于装置表面的示范性实例；5A-5B show an exemplary embodiment in which a wearable physiological detecting device is implemented to expose an electrocardiographic electrode to a surface of a device according to the present invention;
图6A-图6B显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置通过眼镜结构而设置于头上的实施示意图；6A-6B are views showing an implementation of a wearable physiological detecting device disposed on a head through a spectacles structure according to the present invention;
图7A-图7B显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置通过耳戴结构而设置于耳朵上的示范性实例；7A-7B show an illustrative example of a wearable physiological detection device disposed on an ear through an ear-wearing structure in accordance with the present invention;
图8A-图8C显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置通过耳戴结构而设置于耳朵上，且采用心电电极时的示范性实例；8A-8C are diagrams showing an exemplary embodiment in which a wearable physiological detecting device is placed on an ear through an ear wearing structure according to the present invention, and an electrocardiographic electrode is employed;
图9显示根据本发明穿戴式生理检测装置通过耳戴结构而设置于耳朵上，且具有脑电电极，心电电极，以及光传感器时的示范性实例；9 shows an exemplary embodiment in which a wearable physiological detecting device is placed on an ear through an ear-wearing structure and has an electroencephalogram electrode, an electrocardiographic electrode, and a photosensor according to the present invention;
图10显示耳廓内面构造示意图；Figure 10 shows a schematic view of the inner surface of the auricle;
图11显示大脑皮质于头颅中位置以及与耳廓位置关系的示意图。Figure 11 shows a schematic representation of the location of the cerebral cortex in the skull and its relationship to the position of the auricle.
In the picture,
10 穿戴式生理检测装置10 wearable physiological testing device
12 主机12 host
14 头戴结构14 head structure
141 光发射元件141 light emitting element
142 光接收元件142 light receiving element
143 脑电电极143 EEG electrode
16 耳夹16 ear clips
181 指戴结构181 refers to wearing structure
182 腕戴结构182 wrist wearing structure
183 臂戴结构183 arm wearing structure
184 颈戴结构184 neck wear structure
18、41 心电电极18, 41 ECG electrodes
20、30、40 耳戴式生理检测装置20, 30, 40 ear-mounted physiological testing device
21、32、43 耳挂结构21, 32, 43 ear hook structure
22 耳夹结构22 ear clip structure
23、25、33、44 壳体23, 25, 33, 44 housing
42 耳夹60附加结构42 ear clip 60 additional structure
本发明所述装置的目的在于，将通过自我意识调整而影响脑部活动的程序以及呼吸调控两者融和在同一个神经生理反馈区段中，并通过与使用者间互动形成一神经生理反馈回路的方式而达到加强影响脑部活动的效果，以让该程序所达成的成效可进一步获得提升。The purpose of the device of the present invention is to integrate a program that affects brain activity through self-awareness adjustment and respiratory regulation into the same neurophysiological feedback segment, and form a neurophysiological feedback loop by interacting with the user. The way to strengthen the impact on brain activities, so that the results achieved by the program can be further improved.
在此原则下，根据本发明的穿戴式生理检测装置是同时具备有至少两个脑电电极，以及心率感测单元，其中，脑电电极是用以取得脑电信号，以得知使用者的脑部活动情形，而心率感测单元则用于取得心率序列，以作为提供及/或调整呼吸导引信号的依据。Under this principle, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention is provided with at least two EEG electrodes and a heart rate sensing unit, wherein the EEG electrode is used to obtain an EEG signal to know the user's The brain activity situation, and the heart rate sensing unit is used to obtain a heart rate sequence as a basis for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal.
电极(active electrode)，另一个则作为参考电极(reference electrode)，也常见再增加一个接地电极(ground)，以抑制共模噪声，例如，60Hz及50Hz噪声。因此，在接下来的叙述中，即以两个脑电电极为主进行叙述。In general, at least two electrodes are required to obtain an EEG signal, one of which is effective
The active electrode and the other are used as reference electrodes. It is also common to add a ground to suppress common mode noise, such as 60 Hz and 50 Hz noise. Therefore, in the following description, two electroencephalogram electrodes are mainly described.
另外，由于呼吸会对自律神经系统产生影响，进而使得也受自律神经控制的心跳出现变化，即所谓的窦性心律不齐(Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia，RSA)，即，吸气期间会使心跳加速以及呼吸期间则使心跳减缓的现象，因此，可通过测量心率而取得使用者的呼吸行为。一般而言，当呼吸与心跳彼此处于同步状态(synchronization)时，就可通过对心率序列进行分析而得知呼吸行为模式的变化，而在本发明中，用来取得心率序列的感测单元可实施为光传感器，或是心电电极，其中，光传感器是指具有光发射元件以及光接收元件，并利用PPG(photoplethysmography)原理而取得光信号的传感器，其可通过侦测脉搏的连续变化而得知心率序列，例如，通过穿透式或反射式测量方法，而心电电极则是可取得心电图，进而获得心率序列。In addition, because breathing affects the autonomic nervous system, the heartbeat that is also controlled by the autonomic nerve changes, the so-called Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA), that is, the heartbeat is accelerated during inhalation and The heartbeat is slowed down during breathing, so the user's breathing behavior can be obtained by measuring the heart rate. In general, when the breathing and the heartbeat are in synchronization with each other, the change of the breathing behavior pattern can be known by analyzing the heart rate sequence, and in the present invention, the sensing unit for obtaining the heart rate sequence can be It is implemented as a light sensor or an electrocardiographic electrode, wherein the photosensor refers to a sensor having a light-emitting element and a light-receiving element and acquiring an optical signal by using a PPG (photoplethysmography) principle, which can detect a continuous change of the pulse. The heart rate sequence is known, for example, by a transmissive or reflective measurement method, and the electrocardiogram electrode can obtain an electrocardiogram to obtain a heart rate sequence.
并且，当取得心率序列后，还可进行HRV(Heart Rate Variability，心率变异率)分析，而HRV分析则是得知自律神经系统活动的常见手段之一，例如，可进行频域分析(Frequency domain)，以获得可用来评估整体心率变异度的总功率(Total Power，TP)，可反应副交感神经活性的高频功率(High Frequency Power，HF)，可反应交感神经活性、或交感神经与副交感神经同时调控结果的低频功率(Low Frequency Power，LF)，以及可反应交感/副交感神经的活性平衡的LF/HF(低高频功率比)等，另外，也可在进行频率分析后，通过观察频率分布的状态而得知自律神经运作的和谐度；或者，也可进行时域分析(Time Domain)，而获得可作为整体心率变异度的指标的SDNN，可作为长期整体心率变异度的指标的SDANN，可作为短期整体心率变异度的指标的RMSSD，以及可用来评估心率变异度之中高频变异的R-MSSD、NN50、及PNN50等。因此，还可通过分析心率序列而得知神经生理反
馈及/或呼吸调控对于自律神经系统所产生的影响。Moreover, when the heart rate sequence is obtained, HRV (Heart Rate Variability) analysis can also be performed, and HRV analysis is one of the common means for learning the activity of the autonomic nervous system, for example, frequency domain analysis (Frequency domain) To obtain total power (TP) that can be used to assess overall heart rate variability, high frequency power (HF) that can reflect parasympathetic activity, sympathetic nerve activity, or sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves At the same time, the low frequency power (LF) of the control results, and the LF/HF (low high frequency power ratio) which can balance the activity of the sympathetic/parasympathetic nerves, and the frequency can also be observed after the frequency analysis. The state of distribution is known to the harmony of the operation of the autonomic nervous system; alternatively, Time Domain can be used to obtain an SDNN that can be used as an indicator of overall heart rate variability, which can be used as an indicator of long-term overall heart rate variability. RMSSD, which can be used as an indicator of short-term overall heart rate variability, and R-MSSD, which can be used to estimate high-frequency variation in heart rate variability, NN50, and PNN50, etc. Therefore, neurophysiological responses can also be learned by analyzing heart rate sequences.
The effects of feeding and/or respiratory regulation on the autonomic nervous system.
因此在本发明的概念下，脑部活动信息、自律神经活动信息、以及呼吸行为模式彼此相辅相成，可提供使用者更全面且有效的神经生理反馈方式，最大化进行自我意识调控所能达到的效果。而且，在采用光传感器的情形下，还可取得有关血氧浓度的信息，有助于更进一步了解使用者的生理状况。Therefore, under the concept of the present invention, brain activity information, autonomic nerve activity information, and respiratory behavior patterns complement each other, which can provide a more comprehensive and effective neurophysiological feedback mode for the user, and maximize the effect of self-consciousness regulation. . Moreover, in the case of using a light sensor, information about the blood oxygen concentration can be obtained, which helps to further understand the physiological condition of the user.
在实际实施时，如图1所示，根据本发明的穿戴式生理检测装置10是主要通过一头戴结构14而将装置设置于使用者头上，且其采用脑电电极配合光传感器的配置，其中，该装置10具有由该头戴结构14所承载的一主机12，内容置一生理信号撷取电路，以通过脑电电极以及光传感器而取得生理信号，因此，该生理信号撷取电路10会包括，但不限于，一些用来达成测量的常见电子元件，例如，处理器，至少一个A/D转换器，滤波器，放大器等，由于这些对本领域技术人员而言皆为常见的内容，因此不再赘述。In actual implementation, as shown in FIG. 1, the wearable physiological detecting device 10 according to the present invention is configured by disposing a device on a user's head mainly through a wearing structure 14, and adopting a configuration of an electroencephalogram electrode and a photosensor. The device 10 has a host 12 carried by the head-mounted structure 14, and a physiological signal capturing circuit is disposed to obtain a physiological signal through the brain electrical electrode and the light sensor. Therefore, the physiological signal capturing circuit 10 may include, but is not limited to, some common electronic components used to achieve measurements, such as processors, at least one A/D converter, filters, amplifiers, etc., as these are common to those skilled in the art. Therefore, I will not repeat them.
另外，两个脑电电极是通过该头戴结构而被设置于使用者的头上，例如，设置于头戴结构的内侧表面，以接触头上的取样点，例如，常见的取样点包括Fp1、Fp2、O1、O2等、或是任何根据10-20系统所定义的位置，进而取得脑电信号，在此，脑电电极的设置位置以及数量可根据所进行的神经生理反馈的目的而决定，例如，可增加有效电极的数量而进行多信道脑电信号的测量，因此，没有限制。In addition, two EEG electrodes are disposed on the user's head through the head-mounted structure, for example, on the inner side surface of the head-mounted structure to contact the sampling points on the head. For example, common sampling points include Fp1. , Fp2, O1, O2, etc., or any position defined by the 10-20 system, and then obtain an EEG signal, where the location and number of EEG electrodes can be determined according to the purpose of the neurophysiological feedback performed. For example, the measurement of the multi-channel EEG signal can be performed by increasing the number of effective electrodes, and thus, there is no limitation.
band)形式，或者也可以是其它的形式，例如，在一般EEG测量时常用的头帽(headgear)，或是眼镜形式等，只要能设置于头上并确保脑电电极的设置位置以及与皮肤间的接触即可，例如，通常的头戴结构都会被设计为环绕头盖骨(skullcap)周围的形式，以易于将电极设置在对应大脑皮质的取样点，因此，有各种可能，没有限制。In the present invention, the electroencephalogram electrode is implemented as a dry electrode, for example, stainless steel, conductive fiber, conductive rubber, conductive foam, conductive gel, and the like, or a metal or conductive substance, so that the user can directly contact the scalp. The way of the skin to obtain the EEG signal, there is no problem faced by the traditional wet electrode, for example, the need to use the conductive paste and the electrode needs to be attached, etc., so that not only can increase the ease of use, but also enhance the user's willingness to use. In addition, the headgear structure can be implemented in various forms, and can be a headband as shown in the figure.
Band), or other forms, for example, headgear commonly used in general EEG measurement, or glasses, etc., as long as it can be placed on the head and ensure the location of the EEG electrode and the skin The inter-contact can be, for example, the usual head-wearing structure is designed to surround the form around the skullcap to facilitate placement of the electrodes at the sampling points corresponding to the cerebral cortex, and thus, there are various possibilities and no limitations.
另外，该光传感器也可通过该头戴结构而同时被设置于使用者头上的任何位置，例如，接触额头，以取得连续脉搏变化；或者，替代地，如图2所示，该光传感器也可通过一连接线而延伸出该头戴结构之外，以设置在一耳朵上，同样可以很方便地取得脉搏连续变化，并且，也可依实际测量位置以及实施考虑而选择采用反射式或穿透式测量方式，没有限制。In addition, the light sensor can also be disposed at any position on the user's head through the head-mounted structure, for example, contacting the forehead to obtain a continuous pulse change; or, alternatively, as shown in FIG. 2, the light sensor It can also be extended beyond the wearing structure by a connecting wire to be placed on one ear, and the pulse continuous change can be easily obtained, and the reflection type or the actual measurement position and the implementation consideration can be selected. There is no limit to the way of penetrating measurement.
在此，进一步地，当该光传感器实施为设置于耳朵上时，还可通过一耳戴结构而进行设置，例如，通过耳夹(如图2中的耳夹16)、耳挂、或耳塞形式，以落在耳朵或耳朵附近的区域，例如，耳垂，耳廓的内面，如耳甲腔以及外耳道口附近区域等，耳轮，耳廓背面，外耳道内，或是耳朵与头壳交界附近的区域等，没有限制。并且，通过使用适当的耳戴结构，也可增加传感器设置的固定效果，进而有效提升所取得的信号的稳定性。Here, further, when the light sensor is implemented to be disposed on the ear, it may also be disposed through an ear-worn structure, for example, through an ear clip (such as the ear clip 16 in FIG. 2), an ear hook, or an earplug. Form, in the area near the ear or ear, for example, the earlobe, the inner surface of the auricle, such as the ear cavity and the area near the external ear canal, etc., the ear wheel, the back of the auricle, the outer ear canal, or the vicinity of the ear and the head shell There are no restrictions on the area, etc. Moreover, by using an appropriate ear-wearing structure, the fixing effect of the sensor setting can also be increased, thereby effectively improving the stability of the obtained signal.
此外，较佳地是，其中一个脑电电极也可实施为设置在该耳戴结构中，尤其，在脑电检测领域中，耳朵由于构造以及位置皆与头部相分离，不易受脑部活动的影响，故一直被视为是设置参考电极的最佳位置之一，所以，将参考电极结合于耳戴结构中而与耳朵或耳朵附近区域接触，不但有利于取得良好的脑电信号，也不增加整体配置的复杂度，相当具有优势。In addition, preferably, one of the EEG electrodes can also be implemented in the ear-wearing structure. In particular, in the field of EEG detection, the ear is separated from the head due to its structure and position, and is not easily affected by brain activity. The effect has always been regarded as one of the best positions for setting the reference electrode. Therefore, the reference electrode is combined with the ear-wearing structure to contact the ear or the vicinity of the ear, which is not only beneficial for obtaining good EEG signals, but also Without increasing the complexity of the overall configuration, it is quite advantageous.
部的相对面上的一光发射元件141以及一光接收元件142，以利用穿透式测量方法取得连续脉搏变化，而脑电电极143则同样设置于耳夹的内部，可接触到所夹设位置的耳朵皮肤的位置，如此一来，通过夹子本身的机械力，无论是光传感器或是脑电电极都可稳定的被设置于耳朵上，不容易产生移动，相当有助于取得质量良好的信号，更有利于获得精准的分析结果。For example, the ear clip structure shown in FIG. 3A is an ear-wear structure that is generally easy to install and easily achieves contact stability. As shown in the figure, the light sensor is implemented to be mounted in the ear clip.
A light emitting element 141 and a light receiving element 142 on the opposite side of the portion are used to obtain a continuous pulse change by using a penetrating measurement method, and the brain electrode 143 is also disposed inside the ear clip to be in contact with the clip. The position of the ear skin in the position, so that the mechanical force of the clip itself, whether the light sensor or the brain electric electrode can be stably placed on the ear, is not easy to move, which is quite helpful for obtaining good quality. The signal is more conducive to obtaining accurate analysis results.
其中，当该光传感器以及脑电电极同时设置于该耳夹结构中时，两者的设置位置可以有许多选择，举例而言，如图3A所示，该脑电电极可实施为环绕光发射元件/光接收元件而设置，或者，如图3B所示，该脑电电极与该光发射元件/光接收元件也可分开设置，并且，可在耳夹的两边均设置电极，以做为参考电极以及接地电极，不过，也可实施为仅在一边的夹子设置脑电电极，做为参考电极，因此，没有限制，或者进一步地，如图3C所示，光发射元件141以及光接收元件142可设置于同一边，以利用反射方式测量取得心率，而脑电电极143则设置于另一边。Wherein, when the photosensor and the electroencephalogram electrode are simultaneously disposed in the ear clip structure, there are many options for setting the positions of the two. For example, as shown in FIG. 3A, the electroencephalogram electrode can be implemented as a surround light emission. The element/light receiving element is disposed, or, as shown in FIG. 3B, the electroencephalogram electrode and the light emitting element/light receiving element are also separately disposed, and electrodes can be disposed on both sides of the ear clip for reference. The electrode and the ground electrode may be configured to provide an electroencephalic electrode as a reference electrode only on one side of the clip, and therefore, without limitation, or further, as shown in FIG. 3C, the light-emitting element 141 and the light-receiving element 142 It can be set on the same side to measure the heart rate by reflection, and the electroencephalogram electrode 143 is set on the other side.
在此，需注意地是，耳夹可实施为夹设于耳朵上的任何位置，即，突出于头壳的耳廓的任何位置，例如，耳垂，耳轮等，并且，其机械结构也可依实际夹设位置而有所改变，皆无限制。Here, it should be noted that the ear clip can be implemented at any position sandwiched on the ear, that is, any position protruding from the auricle of the head shell, for example, an ear lobe, a rat wheel, etc., and the mechanical structure thereof can also be There is no limit to the actual clamping position.
Therefore, the physiological signal capturing circuit included in the wearable physiological detecting device can set the wearing structure on the head (and the ear wearing structure setting) during the execution of a neurophysiological feedback section by the user. On the ear, and simply complete the installation of the electrode and the light sensor, after the EEG signal obtained by the EEG electrode is calculated by a preset calculation formula, information about the brain activity of the relevant user can be obtained. As a basis for providing users with self-awareness regulation, and the heart rate sequence obtained by the light sensor can also obtain information about the breathing behavior pattern of the user after calculation through the calculation formula, as providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal. Foundation.
再者，请参阅图4A，其显示根据本发明的穿戴式生理检测装置利用脑电电极以取得脑电信号，以及利用心电电极取得心率序列的实施情况。在此实施例中，与图1的实施例类似，脑电电极通过头戴结构而接触头部的取样点，并另外增加了至少两个心电电极，如图中所示，其中一个心电电极是通过指戴结构181而设置于手指上，而另一个心电电极则是通过该头戴结构而接触头部的皮肤，以达成测量心电信号的回路，如此一来，使用者就可在轻松、无须施力地的情形下取得心电信号，进而得出心率序列。或者，替代地，上述通过指戴结构而接触指部皮肤的心电电极也可实施为接触身体其它部位的皮肤，例如，如图4B所示，通过腕戴结构182而接触手腕附近区域的皮肤，或是通过臂戴结构183接触前臂或上臂任何部分的皮肤，如图4C所示，或是接触颈部、肩膀或背部附近的皮肤，如图4D显示通过一颈戴结构184接触颈部与肩膀的交界处附近的情形，或是接触躯干其他部位的皮肤等，因此，只要是可与头部的心电电极一起形成心电信号撷取回路的位置皆可，没有限制。Furthermore, please refer to FIG. 4A, which shows an implementation of the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention using an electroencephalogram electrode to obtain an electroencephalogram signal, and using a cardiac electric electrode to obtain a heart rate sequence. In this embodiment, similar to the embodiment of FIG. 1, the electroencephalogram electrode contacts the sampling point of the head through the head-worn structure, and additionally adds at least two electrocardiographic electrodes, as shown in the figure, one of the electrocardiograms The electrode is disposed on the finger through the finger wearing structure 181, and the other electrocardiographic electrode contacts the skin of the head through the wearing structure to achieve a circuit for measuring the ECG signal, so that the user can The ECG signal is obtained easily and without force, and the heart rate sequence is obtained. Alternatively, alternatively, the electrocardiographic electrode that contacts the skin of the finger through the finger-wearing structure may also be implemented to contact the skin of other parts of the body, for example, as shown in FIG. 4B, contacting the skin in the vicinity of the wrist through the wrist-worn structure 182. Or contacting the skin of any part of the forearm or upper arm through the arm-worn structure 183, as shown in FIG. 4C, or contacting the skin near the neck, shoulder or back, as shown in FIG. 4D, contacting the neck with a neck-worn structure 184 The situation near the junction of the shoulders, or the skin contacting other parts of the trunk, etc., is not limited as long as it can form an electrocardiographic signal capture circuit together with the electrocardiographic electrodes of the head.
其中，当心电电极设置于颈部、肩膀或背部附近时，所采用的用来维持心电电极与皮肤间接触的的穿戴结构，较佳地是实施为具有弹性，例如，利用弹性金属、导电橡胶、导电纤维、导电泡棉等材质制成，因而可尽量符合颈部与肩膀的曲线，更有助于取得稳定的心电信号。Wherein, when the electrocardiographic electrode is disposed near the neck, the shoulder or the back, the wearing structure used to maintain the contact between the electrocardiographic electrode and the skin is preferably implemented to have elasticity, for example, using an elastic metal or a conductive material. Made of rubber, conductive fiber, conductive foam, etc., it can match the curve of the neck and shoulder as much as possible, and help to obtain a stable ECG signal.
于再一较佳实施例中，设置于头戴结构中的心电电极还可进一步实施为与脑电电极共享，即，将通过头戴结构而接触头部皮肤的其中一个电极同时作为脑电电极以及心电电极，因此，除了制作成本及复杂度可获得降低外，还可因减少了需要接触的位置而增加使用上的方便性。In still another preferred embodiment, the electrocardiographic electrode disposed in the head-mounted structure can be further implemented to be shared with the electroencephalogram electrode, that is, one of the electrodes that contact the skin of the head through the head-wearing structure simultaneously serves as an electroencephalogram The electrode and the electrocardiographic electrode can, in addition to the reduction in manufacturing cost and complexity, increase the convenience of use by reducing the position to be contacted.
接触皮肤的位置，而另一个电极18则位于该头戴结构被设置于头上时露出而不与皮肤接触的位置，以让使用者借助上肢皮肤接触该心电电极的方式而达成测量心电信号的检测回路，如此一来，心电信号的取得将可取决于使用者的需求，当有需要测量时，只需通过上肢接触外露的电极即可起始测量，同样相当方便。Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 5A, both ECG electrodes may be disposed on the head-mounted structure. In this case, it may be implemented that one electrode is located through the head-mounted structure.
The position of contacting the skin, and the other electrode 18 is located at a position where the wearing structure is exposed on the head and not in contact with the skin, so that the user can measure the electrocardiogram by means of the upper limb skin contacting the electrocardiographic electrode. The detection circuit of the signal, in this way, the acquisition of the ECG signal will depend on the needs of the user. When there is a need to measure, it is only convenient to start the measurement by contacting the exposed electrode with the upper limb.
另外，该心电电极也可设置于耳戴结构上，如图5B所示，举例而言，可以是耳戴结构中单独设置一个心电电极，以及耳戴结构的外露部分再设置另一个心电电极18，如此一来，还可将耳戴结构实施为可拆卸的形式，当使用者有需要时再连接上使用；或者，也可如前所述，当其中一个脑电电极通过耳戴结构而设置于耳朵上时，同时将心电电极设置于其中，或是将此脑电电极共享为心电电极；又或者，也可实施为一个心电电极通过头戴结构而接触头部皮肤，而另一个心电电极设置于耳戴结构的外露表面上，以供使用者接触进行测量，故可以有各种组合，没有限制。而且，该耳戴结构也不受限于何种形式，例如，耳夹，耳塞或耳挂等，都是常见的可实施形式。In addition, the electrocardiographic electrode may also be disposed on the ear-wearing structure, as shown in FIG. 5B. For example, an electrocardiographic electrode may be separately disposed in the ear-wearing structure, and the exposed portion of the ear-wearing structure may be disposed on the other core. The electric electrode 18, in this way, the ear-wearing structure can also be implemented in a detachable form, and can be connected and used when the user needs it; or, as described above, when one of the electroencephalogram electrodes is worn through the ear When the structure is disposed on the ear, the electrocardiographic electrode is simultaneously disposed therein, or the electroencephalogram electrode is shared as an electrocardiographic electrode; or alternatively, an electrocardiographic electrode is contacted to the head skin through the wearing structure. The other electrocardiographic electrode is disposed on the exposed surface of the ear-worn structure for measurement by the user, so that various combinations are possible without limitation. Moreover, the ear-wearing structure is also not limited to what form, for example, ear clips, earplugs or ear hooks, etc., are common forms of implementation.
再者，还可进一步实施为同时具有光传感器以及心电电极，举例而言，可如图5B所示的实施形式，但于耳戴结构中同时设置光传感器以及作为脑电电极与心电电极的共享电极，再搭配头戴结构上的另一个脑电电极，以及位置在耳戴结构外露部分的另一个心电电极18，或者，也可实施为耳戴结构中设置光传感器以及心电电极，而两个脑电电极则均通过头戴结构而接触头部皮肤，可以是各种实施方式。Furthermore, it may be further implemented to have both a photosensor and an electrocardiographic electrode. For example, as shown in FIG. 5B, the photosensor is simultaneously disposed in the earwear structure and the electroencephalogram electrode and the electrocardiogram electrode are provided. a shared electrode, in combination with another EEG electrode on the headgear structure, and another electrocardiographic electrode 18 positioned in the exposed portion of the earwear structure, or alternatively, a photosensor and an electrocardiographic electrode disposed in the earwear structure While both EEG electrodes are in contact with the head skin through the head-worn structure, various embodiments are possible.
室颤动(AF，Atrial Fibrillation)，心跳过快(Tachycardia)、心跳过慢(Bradycardia)、心跳暂停(Pause)等各种症状，然而，由于分析的基础是连续脉搏，因此将无法区分需通过观察心电波形而进行判断的症状，例如，早发性收缩即分为发生于心房的早发性心房收缩(Premature atrial contractions，PAC)，以及发生在心室的早发性心室收缩(Premature ventricular contractions，PVC)两种，在区分两者时，通常可以通过观察P波及/或QRS波的形状是否出现异常而判断收缩是来自心房或心室；另外，由于脉搏是心搏经由血液在血管中传递后所测得的结果，故其准确度也无法与心电图相比。The advantage of such a configuration is that the optical sensor obtains the heart rate sequence and the ECG electrode to obtain the electrocardiogram, which can achieve the effect of conveniently and correctly determining the symptoms of arrhythmia. Since the light sensor can continuously obtain the pulse change during the wearing process, it is possible to first screen whether there is a possibility of arrhythmia by analyzing the continuous pulse change, that is, the pulse phase can be known by analyzing the continuous pulse. Corresponding heart beats, and then screen out whether there is a possibility of arrhythmia, for example, Premature Beats, heart
Various symptoms such as AF (Atrial Fibrillation), Tachycardia, Bradycardia, Pause, etc. However, since the basis of the analysis is continuous pulse, it is impossible to distinguish Symptoms of judging the waveform of the electrocardiogram, for example, early-onset contractions are divided into premature atrial contractions (PAC) occurring in the atria, and premature ventricular contractions occurring in the ventricle. PVC). When distinguishing between the two, it is usually possible to judge whether the contraction is from the atria or the ventricle by observing whether the shape of the P wave and/or the QRS wave is abnormal. In addition, since the pulse is transmitted by the heart in the blood vessel through the blood The measured result, so its accuracy can not be compared with the ECG.
因此，通过这样的设计，当因分析脉搏连续变化而发现出现心律不齐的可能时，只需通过通知信号实时地通知使用者发现了心律不齐的可能，则使用者就可自然通过手接触外露心电电极、或是将心电电极戴于手指上、戴于腕上、或接触身体其它部位的方式，立即进行心电信号测量，实时取得可能出现心律不齐的心电图，如此一来，就可精准判断是否真的出现心律不齐，甚至可以判断出心律不齐的种类，相当方便。Therefore, with such a design, when the possibility of arrhythmia is found by continuously analyzing the pulse, it is only necessary to notify the user in real time by the notification signal that the possibility of arrhythmia is found, and the user can naturally touch by hand. Exposing the ECG electrode, or wearing the ECG electrode on the finger, wearing it on the wrist, or touching other parts of the body, immediately measure the ECG signal and obtain an ECG that may have an arrhythmia in real time. It is quite convenient to accurately determine whether arrhythmia really occurs or even to determine the type of arrhythmia.
在此，需要注意地是，虽然图中所示皆为由头戴结构承载主机的形式，但也可实施为其它形式，例如，该生理信号撷取电路可直接设置于头戴结构中而省略主机，例如，该头戴结构可实施为内部具有容置空间、或是实施为可承载电路的软性电路板等，因此，可依实际情形而变化，没有限制。Here, it should be noted that although the figure is shown in the form of a head-mounted structure carrying host, it can also be implemented in other forms. For example, the physiological signal capturing circuit can be directly disposed in the head-mounted structure and omitted. The host, for example, the head-mounted structure can be implemented as an internal accommodating space or as a flexible circuit board capable of carrying a circuit, and thus can be changed according to actual conditions without limitation.
部分会接触耳廓后方的皮肤，而这些位置都是可设置光传感器及/或电极的位置，而且，通过这样的形式，几乎与一般眼镜无异，可让检测装置更融入日常生活中，增加使用者的使用意愿。In addition, in particular, the spectacles structure can also be used to simultaneously achieve the sampling position around the cap bone and on or near the ear, that is, all possible embodiments in the foregoing FIGS. 1-2 and 4-5 can be used. The belt is replaced by a spectacles structure, because the position where the spectacles frame naturally contacts when the glasses are worn includes, but is not limited to, the nose pads contact the bridge of the nose, the roots, and/or the eyes, and the front ends of the temples are in contact. Near the temple, the back of the temple will contact the V-shaped recess between the auricle and the skull, and the temples fall behind the auricle.
Some of them will touch the skin behind the auricle, and these positions are the positions where the light sensor and/or the electrode can be placed. Moreover, in this form, it is almost the same as the general glasses, and the detection device can be more integrated into daily life. User's willingness to use.
在此所叙述的眼镜结构是指，通过耳廓以及鼻子作为支撑点而设置于头上、且会与头部及/或耳朵的皮肤产生接触的穿戴结构，因此，不限于一般的眼镜结构，也包括其变形，举例而言，可以是对头颅两侧具夹力的结构，或可进一步延伸至脑后作为枕叶区的接触点，或者，也可实施为两边镜脚不对称的形式，例如，一边镜脚于耳廓后方具有弯曲部分，另一边镜脚则不具弯曲部分仅架于耳廓上方，并且，也可不具镜片，因此，有各种可能性，没有限制。The spectacles structure described herein refers to a wearing structure that is placed on the head through the auricle and the nose as a support point and that comes into contact with the skin of the head and/or the ear, and thus is not limited to a general spectacles structure. Also included is a deformation thereof, for example, a structure having a clamping force on both sides of the skull, or a contact point extending further to the back of the brain as a occipital region, or alternatively, an asymmetrical form of the temples on both sides. For example, one side of the temple has a curved portion behind the auricle, and the other side has a curved portion that is only placed over the auricle, and may or may not have a lens. Therefore, there are various possibilities and no limitation.
而在材质的选择上，除了如一般眼镜的硬式材质外，也可实施为弹性材质，不但可增加电极接触的稳定性，也进一步提供使用舒适性，例如，可利用记忆金属、可挠曲塑料材质等形成镜架，及/或在电极接触位置处设置弹性橡胶、硅胶等，让接触更稳定，皆不受限制。In terms of material selection, in addition to the hard material of ordinary glasses, it can also be implemented as an elastic material, which not only increases the stability of the electrode contact, but also provides the use comfort. For example, the memory metal and the flexible plastic can be utilized. The material is formed into a frame, and/or elastic rubber, silica gel, etc. are disposed at the electrode contact position to make the contact more stable and unlimited.
至于光传感器、脑电电极、及/或心电电极与眼镜结构的结合方式，也有各种可能。There are also various possibilities for the combination of the light sensor, the brain electrical electrode, and/or the electrocardiographic electrode and the eyeglass structure.
Here, it should be noted that, as mentioned above, only one of the at least two electrocardiographic electrodes contacts the head and/or the ear through the spectacle structure, and the other electrode is disposed on the other end. When an eyeglass structure is worn on an exposed surface, the user's hand is touched to obtain an electrocardiographic signal, as shown in FIG. 6A, or other position placed on the user by another wearing device, for example, Neck, shoulder, back, arm, wrist, finger, chest, etc. Therefore, the manner in which the photosensor/electrode described next is combined with the spectacles structure is for at least two EEG electrodes, or at least one photosensor, Or at least one ECG electrode.
举例而言，可将光传感器/电极以及所需电路(例如，处理器，电池，无线传输模块等)直接嵌设于眼镜结构中，例如，眼镜脚、镜片框架中，以通过穿戴眼镜结构的动作而达成电极，传感器与头部及/或耳朵的接触，或者，也可通过附加结构而达成光传感器/电极、电路的配置，例如，图6B所示，该附加结构60可实施为延伸自单边的眼镜脚，以使，例如，二个脑电电极、一个心电电极、及/或光传感器接触单侧耳廓附近的接触点；或者，该附加结构也可实施为自双边的眼镜脚延伸而出，并各具有至少一电极，以接触二侧耳廓附近的至少二个接触点，以取得脑电讯号，至于心电电极及/或光传感器则不限设置于哪一边，在此情形下，二附加结构间的电连接可通过眼镜结构而达成，而所需电路则可依需求而部分或全部设置于眼镜结构或该附加结构中，另外，进一步地，该附加结构可实施为可移除形式，以让使用者具选择性地可在有需要时再将附加结构结合至眼镜结构上进行侦测。因此，可以有各种可能，没有限制。For example, the light sensor/electrode and the required circuit (eg, processor, battery, wireless transmission module, etc.) can be directly embedded in the eyeglass structure, for example, in the temple, the lens frame, to wear the eyeglass structure. The action is to achieve the electrode, the sensor is in contact with the head and/or the ear, or the configuration of the photosensor/electrode or circuit can be achieved by an additional structure. For example, as shown in FIG. 6B, the additional structure 60 can be implemented to extend from One-sided temples such that, for example, two EEG electrodes, one ECG electrode, and/or a light sensor contact a contact point near a single auricle; alternatively, the additional structure can also be implemented as a bilateral eyeglass Extending out and each having at least one electrode to contact at least two contact points near the auricles of the two sides to obtain an EEG signal, and the ECG electrode and/or the photosensor are not limited to which side, in this case The electrical connection between the two additional structures can be achieved by the spectacles structure, and the required circuit can be partially or completely disposed in the spectacles structure or the additional structure as needed. Step, the additional structure may be embodied in the form of a removable, to enable a user can then selectively bind with additional structures when necessary to detect the structure of glasses. Therefore, there are various possibilities and no restrictions.
感器的设置，不受限制。Next, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention can also be implemented to be placed on one of the ears of the user through an ear-wearing structure. For example, FIGS. 7A-7B show an exemplary embodiment of an ear-worn physiological detection device 20 with an electroencephalic electrode with a light sensor. In the embodiment of FIG. 7A, the ear-worn structure is implemented as an earloop structure 21 with an ear. a clip structure 22, wherein the ear clip structure 22 is sandwiched on the earlobe as a position for arranging the photosensor and the reference electroencephalogram electrode, and the effective electroencephalogram electrode is located at the earloop structure 21 or the earwear structure Other parts, such as the housing 23, may be in other locations in contact with the skin in the vicinity of the ear or ear, in order to obtain an EEG signal, i.e., the location of the activity of the cerebral cortex can be detected; in addition, in the embodiment of Figure 7B The earwear structure is implemented as an earhook structure 21 and an upper earplug structure 24, wherein the light sensor and the reference brain electrical electrode are disposed on the earplug structure to contact the inner ear canal, the outer ear canal, and/or the ear canal. The cavity is positioned to obtain a signal, and the effective EEG electrode is implemented to be located in the earloop structure 21, or other portion of the earwear structure, for example, the housing 25, which can be attached to the skin near the ear or the ear. EEG acquired position, therefore, there are various possible forms of implementation. Moreover, it can also be implemented as a single earhook structure, that is, only an earhook, an ear clip, or an earplug structure, to complete the brain electrical electrode and the light transmission
Sensor settings are not limited.
另外，如图8A所示，也可实施为脑电电极配合心电电极的耳戴形式生理检测装置30，在此实施例中，一个心电电极31实施为外露，以供使用者通过上肢皮肤接触而达成心电信号检测回路，而另一个心电电极则实施为通过该耳戴结构而接触耳朵或耳朵附近的皮肤，且其可实施为与其中一个脑电电极共享，或是独立设置，没有限制，至于两个脑电电极则是实施为通过该耳挂结构32及/或壳体33而接触耳朵或耳朵附近可取得脑电信号的两个位置，即，可侦测到大脑皮质活动的位置；或者，也可增加耳夹结构，例如，夹于耳垂、或耳轮上，并于其中设置共享的参考脑电电极与心电电极，再配合上外露心电电极31，以及因耳挂结构而设置于取样位置的有效脑电电极。In addition, as shown in FIG. 8A, the ear-wearing form physiological detecting device 30 may be implemented as an electroencephalogram electrode and an electrocardiographic electrode. In this embodiment, an electrocardiographic electrode 31 is exposed to be exposed to the upper limb skin. Contacting to achieve an ECG signal detection circuit, and another ECG electrode is implemented to contact the skin near the ear or ear through the ear-wearing structure, and it can be implemented to be shared with one of the EEG electrodes, or independently set, Without limitation, the two EEG electrodes are implemented to contact the ear or the vicinity of the ear through the earloop structure 32 and/or the housing 33 to obtain two positions of the EEG signal, that is, the cerebral cortex activity can be detected. Or the ear clip structure can be added, for example, to the earlobe or the ear wheel, and a shared reference electroencephalic electrode and an electrocardiographic electrode are disposed therein, and the exposed electrocardiographic electrode 31 is attached, and the ear strap is attached. An effective EEG electrode that is configured to be placed at the sampling position.
再者，需要上肢皮肤接触的心电电极也可实施为通过指戴结构而设置于手指上，如图8B所示，或是设置于手腕上，或是设置于手臂、颈部、肩膀或背部附近的位置，如图7C即显示通过颈戴结构而接触颈部、肩膀或背部皮肤的情况，以提供进一步的方便性，当然，也可实施为接触其它的身体部位，例如，躯干也是可选择的位置。Furthermore, the electrocardiographic electrode that requires skin contact of the upper limb can also be implemented on the finger by the finger-wearing structure, as shown in FIG. 8B, or on the wrist, or on the arm, neck, shoulder or back. The nearby position, as shown in Fig. 7C, shows the contact of the neck, shoulder or back skin through the neck-wearing structure to provide further convenience, and of course, can also be implemented to contact other body parts, for example, the torso is also selectable. s position.
更进一步，同样地，也可实施为同时设置有脑电电极，光传感器，以及心电电极的耳戴式生理检测装置40，如图9所示，光传感器可通过耳夹42而固定于耳垂上，一个心电电极41实施为外露可供上肢皮肤接触的形式，而另一个心电电极则实施为位于耳夹42内部，或是通过耳挂结构43及/或壳体44而接触耳朵或耳朵附近区域的其它位置，另外，如上所述，脑电电极也有不同的实施可能，例如，可将参考电极也设置于耳夹42内，或进一步实施为与耳夹内的心电电极共享；或是通过耳戴结构及/或壳体而达成两个脑电电极与皮肤的接触，因此，没有限制。Further, similarly, the ear-worn physiological detecting device 40 may be further provided with an electroencephalogram electrode, a photosensor, and an electrocardiographic electrode. As shown in FIG. 9, the photosensor may be fixed to the earlobe by the ear clip 42. Above, one ECG electrode 41 is embodied in a form that is exposed to skin contact of the upper limb, and the other ECG electrode is implemented to be located inside the ear clip 42 or to contact the ear through the earloop structure 43 and/or the housing 44 or Other locations in the vicinity of the ear, in addition, as described above, the EEG electrodes may also have different implementation possibilities. For example, the reference electrode may also be disposed in the ear clip 42 or further implemented to be shared with the electrocardiographic electrode in the ear clip; The contact between the two EEG electrodes and the skin is achieved either by the ear wearing structure and/or the housing, and therefore, there is no limitation.
示的耳廓(auricle，也称为pinna)结构，其中，在耳廓内面的耳甲艇(superior concha)及耳甲腔(inferior concha)的周围，有自耳甲底部(concha floor)(也即，平行于头颅的平面)向上连接至对耳轮(antihelix)以及对耳屏(antitragus)的一垂直区域，称为耳甲墙(concha wall)，此耳朵的天然生理结构正好提供了垂直于耳甲底部的一连续平面，另外，紧接于耳甲墙下方，位于对耳屏以及耳屏之间的耳屏间切迹(intertragic notch)，以及紧邻的耳屏(tragus)，同样提供了垂直于耳甲底部的接触区域。Here, the special position of the electrode on the auricle should be specified. Please refer to Figure 10.
The structure of the auricle (also known as pinna), in which the concha floor is located around the upper concha and the inferior concha on the inner side of the auricle (also That is, parallel to the plane of the skull) is connected upwards to a vertical area of the antihelix and the antitragus, called the concha wall, the natural physiological structure of which provides just perpendicular to the ear. a continuous plane at the bottom of the nail, in addition to the underside of the ear wall, the intertragic notch between the tragus and the tragus, and the adjacent tragus, also providing vertical The contact area at the bottom of the ear.
在实验过程中发现，此由耳甲墙、耳屏间切迹、以及耳屏所构成的连续垂直区域，除了所取得的脑电讯号强度足以进行相关的脑电讯号分析并提供脑部活动资讯外，更具优势地是，当以此区域作为电极接触位置时，固定电极所需要的力量，会是平行于耳甲底部的力量，尤其，当实施为耳塞形式时，通过耳塞与耳廓内面的凸起与凹陷间的抵顶力量，就能自然地同时达成电极与此垂直区域间的稳定接触。During the experiment, it was found that the continuous vertical area consisting of the ear wall, the tragus between the tragus, and the tragus, in addition to the obtained EEG signal strength, is sufficient for the relevant EEG signal analysis and provides information on brain activity. In addition, it is more advantageous that when this area is used as the electrode contact position, the force required to fix the electrode will be parallel to the force of the bottom of the ear, especially when implemented as an earplug, through the earplug and the inner surface of the auricle. The abutting force between the protrusions and the depressions naturally achieves stable contact between the electrodes and the vertical region at the same time.
另外，实验中也发现，在耳廓的背面所取得的脑电讯号的强度也足以进行相关的脑电讯号分析并提供脑部活动资讯，而此接触位置则适合采用耳挂形式或眼镜形式。一般而言，耳挂形式的实施通常会在耳廓的前方及后方分别设置一部件，且多是通过两者间的相互作用力而达到固定于耳廓上的效果，因此，当电极接触位置选择在耳廓背面时，将正好符合相互作用力的施力方向，自然就能达成电极与耳廓背面皮肤间的稳定接触。In addition, the experiment also found that the intensity of the EEG signal obtained on the back of the auricle is also sufficient to carry out relevant EEG signal analysis and provide information on brain activity, and the contact position is suitable for ear hook form or glasses form. In general, the implementation of the ear-hook form usually has a component in front of and behind the auricle, and most of the effect is achieved by the interaction force between the two to fix the auricle. Therefore, when the electrode contacts the position When you choose the back of the auricle, it will meet the direction of the force of the interaction force, and naturally achieve a stable contact between the electrode and the skin on the back of the auricle.
而当采用眼镜形式时，耳廓与头颅间的V型凹陷及/或耳廓背面皮肤偏上部，正是眼镜脚所会接触的位置，另外，若眼镜脚末端实施为弯曲度增大时，则可接触到耳廓背面偏下部的皮肤，同样可自然达成电极的稳定接触。When the form of glasses is used, the V-shaped depression between the auricle and the skull and/or the upper part of the skin on the back of the auricle is the position where the temples are in contact, and if the end of the temple is increased in curvature, The skin can be exposed to the lower part of the back of the auricle, and the stable contact of the electrodes can be naturally achieved.
的示意图，由图中可知，大脑皮质落在头颅的上半部，耳廓则是位在头颅的两侧，并突出于头颅外，其中，大致而言，以耳道(ear canal)为分隔，上方耳廓的位置落在大脑皮质的侧面，而下方耳廓所对应的头颅内部则无大脑皮质。Furthermore, please refer to Figure 11, which is the location of the cerebral cortex in the skull and the position of the auricle.
The schematic diagram shows that the cerebral cortex is in the upper part of the skull, and the auricle is on both sides of the skull and protrudes beyond the skull. In general, it is separated by ear canal. The position of the upper auricle falls on the side of the cerebral cortex, while the inner part of the skull corresponding to the lower auricle has no cerebral cortex.
而在实验结果中还发现，于耳廓部分的偏上方部分可测得良好脑波讯号，而越往下方则脑电讯号越弱，在观察头部的生理构造后，应是因为上方耳廓所对应的头颅内部正是大脑皮质的位置，故在此情形下，通过头骨、耳软骨的传递，就可在耳廓的上部测得脑波，而下部的耳廓则因距离大脑皮质较远，再加上耳道的间隔，因此，越往下方的脑电讯号强度即变得越弱，故在本发明中，当以耳廓(内面以及背面)作为脑电讯号取样位置时，原则上，以耳道为分界，上方耳廓部分被视为可测得脑电讯号的位置，适合设置有效电极，而下方耳廓则被视为是脑电讯号微弱的位置，适合设置参考电极。In the experimental results, it was also found that a good brain wave signal can be measured in the upper part of the auricle part, and the lower the EEG signal is, the lower the physiological structure of the head is, because the upper auricle is observed. The corresponding inside of the skull is the position of the cerebral cortex. Therefore, in this case, the brain wave can be measured in the upper part of the auricle through the transmission of the skull and ear cartilage, while the lower auricle is farther away from the cerebral cortex. In addition, the intensity of the EEG signal becomes weaker. Therefore, in the present invention, when the auricle (inside and back) is used as the position of the EEG signal sampling, in principle, With the ear canal as the boundary, the upper part of the auricle is regarded as the position where the EEG signal can be measured, and it is suitable for setting the effective electrode, and the lower auricle is regarded as the weak position of the EEG signal, which is suitable for setting the reference electrode.
在此，需要注意的是，在采用耳戴形式时，该生理信号撷取电路可如图6-图8所示，容置于该耳戴结构所承载的壳体中，或分置于耳戴结构及壳体中，但不受限地，也可实施为不具有壳体而直接容置于耳戴结构内，例如，耳挂结构、耳塞结构、及/或耳夹结构内，因此，可以有各种可能，并且，耳戴结构可实施为单个或多个相结合，即，可单独利用耳夹、耳挂、或耳塞结构、也可结合二者或三者的组合装置、电极与传感器的设置，可依实际实施情况而变化，没有限制。Here, it should be noted that, when the ear wearing form is adopted, the physiological signal capturing circuit can be placed in the housing carried by the ear wearing structure or placed in the ear as shown in FIG. 6-8. The wearing structure and the housing, but not limited to the same, can also be directly received in the ear wearing structure without the housing, for example, in the ear hanging structure, the earplug structure, and/or the ear clip structure, therefore, There may be various possibilities, and the ear-wearing structure may be implemented as a single or a plurality of combinations, that is, the ear clip, the ear hook, or the earplug structure may be used alone, or a combination of the two or the combination of the three, the electrode and the The setting of the sensor can be changed according to the actual implementation, and there is no limit.
施为具有磁力，可以有各种实施可能，没有限制。In a preferred embodiment, the electrodes and/or photosensors disposed in the vicinity of the ear and/or the ear are implemented to be attached to the ear by means of magnetic force. For example, magnetic attraction can be performed between the ears through the ear. The two components are achieved by placing the electrodes and/or sensors on either or both of the components, where the two components can be implemented to be magnetic, for example, by having a magnetic substance inside, or It is made of a magnetic substance or is made of a material that can be magnetically attracted. For example, one part may be made to have a magnetic force, and the other part may be magnetically attracted, or both parts may be Real
The application of magnetic force can be implemented in various ways without limitation.
于再一较佳实施例中，还可于装置内增设动作感测元件，例如，加速度器，以得知使用者于测量期间的移动情况，例如，耳朵、头部、及/或整个身体的移动情况，由此，就可对所测得的生理信号，例如，脑电信号、心电信号及/或光感测信号，进行校正，例如，可用以校正因头部或身体移动所造成的信号不稳定，进而让提供给使用者的信息内容更贴近实际情况，有助于提升神经生理反馈所达到的效果。In still another preferred embodiment, a motion sensing component, such as an accelerometer, can be added to the device to know the movement of the user during the measurement, for example, the ear, the head, and/or the entire body. Movement, whereby the measured physiological signals, such as EEG signals, ECG signals and/or light sensing signals, can be corrected, for example, to correct for head or body movements The signal is unstable, which makes the content of the information provided to the user closer to the actual situation, which helps to improve the effect achieved by neurophysiological feedback.
特别地是，还可进一步结合眼镜结构及耳戴结构，以用来设置电极及/或光传感器，例如，可由眼镜结构延伸出一耳塞或耳夹，或是眼镜结构具有一端口，以电连接一耳塞或耳夹，如此一来，就有更多的实施可能性，举例而言，在实施为脑电电极配合光传感器的情形下，可通过眼镜结构上的电极接触V型凹陷、耳廓背面、太阳穴、鼻梁、及/或山根两眼间区域，以及耳塞结构上的电极接触耳甲墙、耳屏间切迹、及/或耳屏而取得脑电讯号，至于光感测其则可具选择性地设置于眼镜结构或耳戴结构上；或者，也可实施为脑电电极皆设置于眼镜结构上，而光传感器则为于耳戴结构上；另外，在实施为脑电电极配合心电电极的情形下，则是可具选择地将外露的心电电极设置于眼镜结构或是耳戴结构的外露表面上，再配合上设置于眼镜结构内侧的心电电极，使用者可在有需要时再通过端口连接上一耳塞/耳夹而进行心电讯号的撷取，再进一步地，该耳戴结构上还可结合有光传感器，因此，可以有各种实施形式，没有限制。In particular, the eyeglass structure and the earwear structure may be further combined for providing electrodes and/or light sensors, for example, an earplug or ear clip may be extended from the eyeglass structure, or the eyeglass structure has a port for electrical connection. An earplug or an ear clip, in this way, there are more implementation possibilities. For example, in the case of implementing an EEG electrode with a light sensor, the V-shaped recess and the pinna can be contacted through the electrode on the lens structure. The back surface, the temples, the bridge of the nose, and/or the area between the two eyes, and the electrodes on the earplug structure contact the ear wall, the tragus between the tragus, and/or the tragus to obtain the EEG signal, as for the light sensing Optionally, it is disposed on the eyeglass structure or the earwear structure; or, the brain electrical electrodes are disposed on the eyeglass structure, and the light sensor is disposed on the earwear structure; In the case of an electrocardiographic electrode, the exposed electrocardiographic electrode can be selectively disposed on the exposed surface of the spectacles structure or the ear-wearing structure, and then the electrocardiographic electrode disposed on the inner side of the spectacles structure can be used. The earphone/ear clip can be connected to the earphone/ear clip through the port to perform the extraction of the ECG signal. Further, the earwear structure can also be combined with the light sensor. Therefore, various embodiments can be implemented. no limit.
式而达成，因此，可依实际需求不同而改变，没有限制；另外，当电极设置位置具有头发时，如头顶、脑后等，则可选择使用针状电极或其他能够穿过头发取得讯号的电极，以增加使用方便性。In addition, in addition to the electroencephalographic electrodes disposed on the ear-wearing structure, the head-mounted structure, and the spectacles structure, other electroencephalographic electrodes may be implemented, for example, extending from the ear-wearing structure, the head-wearing structure, and the spectacles structure. The electrodes disposed at other positions on the head, for example, are provided on the forehead to obtain an EEG signal in the frontal lobe area, and are disposed on the top of the head to obtain an EEG signal in the parietal region, and/or disposed in the occipital region of the occipital region. EEG signals, etc., and more particularly, when implemented in the form of glasses, the electrodes behind the skull can also extend backward through the temples.
It can be achieved by the formula, so it can be changed according to the actual needs, there is no limit; in addition, when the electrode is provided with hair, such as the top of the head, the back of the head, etc., you can choose to use needle electrodes or other signals that can pass through the hair to obtain signals. Electrodes to increase ease of use.
此外，也可额外侦测其它的生理信号，举例而言，可侦测其它于进行生理反馈程序时经常监测的生理信号，例如，受自律神经影响的皮肤电活动(EDA，Electrodermal Activity)、末稍肢体温度等，以作为提供反馈信息的参考，例如，可于脑部活动信息之外，额外提供相关自律神经活动的信息，或者，可以综合考虑两者之后，再提供使用者进行神经生理反馈所需的信息，只要能正确且有效的表达实时的生理状态，都是可选择的方式。In addition, other physiological signals can be additionally detected. For example, other physiological signals that are frequently monitored during physiological feedback procedures can be detected, for example, electrodermal activity (EDA, Electrodermal Activity), A slight limb temperature, etc., as a reference for providing feedback information, for example, additional information about the autonomic nervous activity may be provided in addition to the brain activity information, or the user may be provided for neurophysiological feedback after comprehensively considering the two. The information required, as long as it can correctly and effectively express the real-time physiological state, is an alternative.
而且，由于血压的高低与自律神经的活动有一定的关系，一般而言，交感神经活性增加会造成压力升高，因此，可通过心电电极配合上光传感器，得出脉波传递时间(Pulse Transit Time，PTT)，然后，通过PTT与血压值间特定的关系而计算出参考的血压值，如此一来，就可在反馈期间提供使用者实时的血压变化趋势，或是提供反馈区段前后的血压值，以让使用者了解神经生理反馈的进行是否对血压造成影响等；另外，类似地，也可通过设置两个光传感器，例如，除了头部/耳朵外，另于手指上设置一光传感器，并通过计算两处脉波传递的时间差而得到同样的信息。Moreover, since the level of blood pressure has a certain relationship with the activity of the autonomic nerve, in general, the increase in sympathetic nerve activity causes an increase in pressure. Therefore, the pulse wave transit time can be obtained by the electrocardiographic electrode coupled with the glazing sensor (Pulse). Transit Time, PTT), then calculate the reference blood pressure value through a specific relationship between PTT and blood pressure value, so that the user can provide real-time blood pressure change trend during feedback or provide feedback segment before and after The blood pressure value, in order to let the user know whether the progress of the neurophysiological feedback affects the blood pressure, etc.; similarly, it is also possible to provide two light sensors, for example, in addition to the head/ear, and a finger The light sensor and the same information are obtained by calculating the time difference between the two pulse waves.
接着，在本发明中，脑部活动信息以及呼吸导引信号乃是通过一可感知信号产生源而提供给使用者。通过该可感知信号产生源与穿戴式生理检测装置之间的沟通，例如，通过如蓝牙、WiFi等的一般无线通讯方式，该可感知信号产生源就可接收来自设置于头上的生理检测装置的输入，并实时的提供给使用者，因而可达成神经生理反馈回路。Next, in the present invention, the brain activity information and the respiratory guidance signal are provided to the user through a perceptible signal generation source. The communication between the sensible signal generating source and the wearable physiological detecting device, for example, by a general wireless communication method such as Bluetooth, WiFi, etc., the sensible signal generating source can receive the physiological detecting device from the head. The input is provided to the user in real time, thus achieving a neurophysiological feedback loop.
以及呼吸导引信号，例如，可通过发光颜色，发光强度，声音，语音，及/或振动等的变化，没有限制；并且，该可感知信号产生源的实施形式可以有许多选择，举例而言，该可感知信号产生源可特殊地实施为一独立的发光体，例如，一球体，或一任何形状的物体，或实施为具有显示及/或发声功能的装置，例如，手机，手表，平版计算机，以及个人计算机等，或实施为配戴于身上可显示，发声，或产生振动的装置，例如，单边耳机，双边耳机，眼镜等。Here, the perceptible signal generating source is implemented to provide information about the user's related brain activity through a visually perceptible signal, or an auditory perceptible signal, and/or a tactilely perceivable signal.
And a breathing guide signal, for example, a change in illuminating color, illuminating intensity, sound, voice, and/or vibration, etc., without limitation; and, the implementation of the sensible signal generating source can have many options, for example, for example The sensible signal generating source can be specially implemented as a separate illuminant, for example, a sphere, or an object of any shape, or implemented as a device having a display and/or vocal function, for example, a mobile phone, a watch, a lithograph A computer, a personal computer, or the like, or implemented as a device that can be displayed, audible, or vibrated on the body, for example, a single-sided earphone, a bilateral earphone, a pair of glasses, and the like.
或者，该可感知信号产生源也可实施为与该穿戴式生理检测装置结合在一起的显示单元，发声模块，及/或振动模组等，举例而言，无论是采用头戴结构或耳戴结构，该可感知信号产生源皆可实施为延伸自该头戴结构/耳戴结构的一显示元件、一发光源、及/或一耳机等，例如，可实施为一眼镜，以承载脑电电极及心率感测单元，并通过镜片显示信息，例如，可导光至镜片而展现颜色变化，或将镜片实施为具有显示功能等，及/或通过结合于眼镜脚附近的耳机提供声音、语音等；或者，也可实施为一耳机，在承载脑电电极及心率感测单元的同时，也通过声音、或语音提供信息，及/或再延伸出一显示元件或发光源至眼前，以提供视觉感知信号等；另外，只要与皮肤有接触的位置皆可实施为会产生振动，例如，可以是眼镜脚接触太阳穴的位置、或耳机同时具有振动功能等。因此，没有限制。Alternatively, the sensible signal generating source can also be implemented as a display unit, a sounding module, and/or a vibration module, etc. combined with the wearable physiological detecting device, for example, whether wearing a head-mounted structure or an ear wear. The sensible signal generating source can be implemented as a display component extending from the head-mounted structure/ear-wearing structure, a light source, and/or an earphone, etc., for example, can be implemented as a pair of glasses to carry EEG An electrode and a heart rate sensing unit, and displaying information through the lens, for example, guiding the light to the lens to exhibit a color change, or implementing the lens as having a display function, etc., and/or providing sound and voice through an earphone coupled to the vicinity of the temple Alternatively, or as an earphone, while carrying the EEG electrode and the heart rate sensing unit, the information is also provided by sound, or voice, and/or a display element or a light source is extended to the front to provide Visually perceptible signals, etc.; in addition, as long as the position in contact with the skin can be implemented to generate vibration, for example, the position where the temples contact the temples, or the headphones simultaneously Vibration function. Therefore, there is no limit.
所以，当使用者利用本发明的穿戴式生理检测装置而执行一神经生理反馈程序时，以图1为例，将该穿戴式生理检测装置设置于头上，以通过设置于头戴内侧的脑电电极取得使用者的脑波，以及光传感器取得心率序列，之后，再将实施为发光体的可感知信号产生源设置于身体前方眼睛可自然看见的位置，并使头上的生理检测装置与该发光体进行沟通，如此一来，即可开始进行神经生理反馈程序。Therefore, when the user performs a neurophysiological feedback program using the wearable physiological detecting device of the present invention, the wearable physiological detecting device is disposed on the head to pass the brain disposed on the inner side of the head wearing the same as in FIG. The electric electrode acquires the brain wave of the user, and the light sensor acquires the heart rate sequence, and then sets the sensible signal generating source that is implemented as the illuminant to a position that the eye in front of the body can naturally see, and the physiological detecting device on the head and The illuminator communicates, and as a result, the neurophysiological feedback procedure can begin.
反馈，则需提供使用者反应执行神经生理反馈而发生改变的生理活动的信息，而该发光体即是提供的媒介。Here, since the breathing practice and the neurophysiological feedback are combined, as described above, based on the progress of the breathing exercise, the user is required to provide a breathing guidance signal based on the neurophysiology.
Feedback, information about the physiological activity of the user in response to performing neurophysiological feedback, and the illuminant is the medium provided.
在此实施例中，该发光体所产生的可让使用者感知的信号包括发光强度以及发光颜色，其中，发光强度用以表现呼吸导引，而发光颜色则用以表现相关使用者脑部活动的信息。In this embodiment, the signal generated by the illuminator to be perceived by the user includes the illuminance intensity and the illuminating color, wherein the illuminating intensity is used to express the breathing guide, and the illuminating color is used to express the related user brain activity. Information.
由于呼吸导引信号的目的在于让使用者跟随着进行呼吸，故需要能够表现出吸气与吐气间的分别，因此，该发光体是通过发光强度的强弱连续变化而代表吸气与吐气的连续变化，例如，以发光强度逐渐增强作为逐渐吸气的导引，并以发光强度逐渐减弱作为逐渐吐气的导引，如此一来，使用者就可清楚且容易地随之进行吸吐。Since the purpose of the respiratory guidance signal is to allow the user to follow the breathing, it is necessary to be able to express the difference between inhalation and exhalation. Therefore, the illuminant represents the inspiratory and exhalation by continuously changing the intensity of the illuminating intensity. The continuous change, for example, is gradually increased as the illuminating intensity as a guide for gradual inhalation, and the gradual weakening of the illuminating intensity is used as a guide for gradual exhalation, so that the user can clearly and easily perform the vomiting.
当进行以放松为目标的神经生理反馈程序时，其中一种选择是观察脑波中α波所占的比例。在脑波中，一般而言，α波占优势时表示人体处于放松的清醒状态，因此通过观察α波所占比例可得知放松的程度。据此，在开始进行神经生理反馈程序后，该发光体提供呼吸导引(通过发光强度的连续变化)，以引导使用者调整其呼吸，同时，戴于头上的生理检测装置也进行脑波的检测，而所取得的脑波则在经过一演算式的计算后，可得出一分析结果，例如，α波所占比例，并根据分析结果而产生一相关使用者脑部活动的信息，接着，该发光体即根据该相关使用者脑部活动的信息而改变其发光颜色。When performing a neurophysiological feedback procedure targeting relaxation, one of the options is to observe the proportion of alpha waves in the brain waves. In the brain wave, in general, the α wave predominates to indicate that the human body is in a state of relaxation and waking state, so the degree of relaxation can be known by observing the proportion of the alpha wave. Accordingly, after the neurophysiological feedback procedure is initiated, the illuminator provides respiratory guidance (through continuous changes in luminescence intensity) to guide the user to adjust their breathing, while the physiological detection device worn on the head also performs brain waves. The detection, and the acquired brain wave, after a calculation of the calculation, can obtain an analysis result, for example, the proportion of the alpha wave, and generate a related information about the user's brain activity according to the analysis result. Then, the illuminant changes its illuminating color according to the information of the related user's brain activity.
过颜色的改变而得知自己的身心状态是紧张或是放松，并在跟随呼吸导引的同时也进行自我意识调控(self-regulation)，而使发光颜色进一步趋向更放松的目标。For example, a reference value may be obtained at the beginning of the program, for example, the alpha wave is a percentage of the total brain wave energy, and then the result of the analysis is compared with the reference value to obtain a relationship with the reference value. The relationship, for example, the increase or decrease of the ratio, and the illuminant can convey the change of the physiological state to the user in real time through the change of the illuminating color on the basis of the illuminant, for example, the color representation can be utilized, for example, the closer The more relaxed the blue color, the more nervous it is, the more intense it is. It can also be based on the depth of the same color. The lighter the color, the more relaxed it is. The darker the color, the more nervous it is. In this way, the user can easily
After changing the color, I know that my physical and mental state is nervous or relaxed, and I also carry out self-regulation while following the breathing guide, and make the illuminating color further toward the more relaxed goal.
替代地，也可通过观察不同脑部部位的脑部活动的能量平衡状况以及同步性来了解人体的放松程度或情绪意识状态，举例而言，当人体出现正面的情绪反应时，左前额叶皮质区会被活化，而当出现负面情绪反应时，则右前额叶皮质区会被活化，因此，就可通过侦测，例如，Fp1以及Fp2位置的脑电信号而了解此两部分的大脑皮质活动情况；另外，也有研究显示，当人脑处于α波同步的状态时，可达到意识清楚且放松的状态，因此，可通过侦测不同脑部部位的脑部活动，例如，Fp1与Fp2有关前额叶区，C3与C4有关顶叶区，O1与O2有关枕叶区，以及T3与T4有关颞叶区等，而了解脑部是否处于同步状态。在此情形下，举例而言，通过调整头戴结构中脑电电极的位置，或是可利用同一个装置的两个具有脑电电极的耳戴结构分置于两个耳朵上，或是采用两个耳戴式生理检测装置分置于二个耳朵上等，都可得到不同脑部部位的脑部活动情况。Alternatively, the degree of relaxation or emotional state of the human body can also be understood by observing the energy balance and synchrony of brain activity in different brain regions. For example, when the body has a positive emotional response, the left prefrontal cortex The area is activated, and when a negative emotional response occurs, the right prefrontal cortex is activated. Therefore, the two parts of the cerebral cortex can be understood by detecting, for example, EEG signals at Fp1 and Fp2 positions. In addition, studies have also shown that when the human brain is in a state of alpha wave synchronization, a state of clear consciousness and relaxation can be achieved. Therefore, brain activity can be detected by detecting different brain parts, for example, Fp1 and Fp2 are related to the forehead. In the leaf area, C3 and C4 are related to the parietal lobe, O1 and O2 are related to the occipital lobe, and T3 and T4 are related to the temporal lobe, etc., and whether the brain is in sync. In this case, for example, by adjusting the position of the EEG electrode in the head-mounted structure, or by using two ear-wearing structures with EEG electrodes of the same device, they can be placed on the two ears, or The two ear-wearing physiological detection devices are placed on two ears, etc., and the brain activity of different brain parts can be obtained.
而进一步地，当神经生理反馈的目标为放松时，针对心率序列进行分析而获得的自律神经活动情况，也可作为调整发光颜色的基础，例如，当副交感神经活动增加、及/或副交感神经活性与交感神经活性的比例增加时，表示身体放松度增加，因此，就可综合此信息与相关脑部活动的信息而一起评估使用者身体的放松度，进而调整反馈给使用者的发光颜色变化。Further, when the goal of neurophysiological feedback is relaxation, the autonomic nervous activity obtained by analyzing the heart rate sequence can also serve as a basis for adjusting the illuminating color, for example, when parasympathetic activity increases, and/or parasympathetic activity. When the ratio of sympathetic activity increases, it means that the degree of relaxation of the body is increased. Therefore, the information can be combined with the information about the brain activity to evaluate the relaxation of the user's body, and then the change in the color of the illuminating feedback to the user can be adjusted.
而达成同步性外，也可因此通过观察脑波而得知呼吸模式，另外，由于心脏的窦房节及血管系统受自律神经系统的调控，而且，自律神经系统也会通过压力受器系统(baroreceptor system)将心率及血压的改变馈送回脑部，进而影响脑部的功能与运作，例如，影响大脑皮质，并可由EEG测得，再加上有意识地控制呼吸可因影响自律神经而造成心率改变，因此，三者间存在着彼此影响的关系，因此，三者间良好的同步性即可代表人体处于较为放松的状态，据此，此相关同步性的分析结果同样可作为提供使用者进行自我意识调整的信息，以进行神经生理反馈。Furthermore, since the RSA information can be obtained through the heart rate sequence, the heart rate, the respiration, and the synchronization between the EEG signals can be observed as a basis for feedback. According to research, exhalation and inspiration cause fluctuations in blood flow in the blood vessels, and this fluctuation also reaches the brain with blood flow, which in turn causes brain waves to approach the low-frequency segment of the breathing rate, for example, below 0.5 Hz. Fluctuation, therefore, besides knowing whether there is resonance between the two
In addition to synchronicity, the breathing pattern can be known by observing the brain waves. In addition, since the sinus node and vascular system of the heart are regulated by the autonomic nervous system, the autonomic nervous system also passes through the pressure receptor system ( The baroreceptor system feeds heart rate and blood pressure changes back to the brain, which in turn affects the function and function of the brain, for example, affecting the cerebral cortex, and can be measured by EEG, plus consciously controlling breathing can affect heart rate due to affecting the autonomic nervous system. Change, therefore, there is a relationship between the three, so the good synchronicity between the three can represent the human body in a more relaxed state, according to which the correlation analysis results can also be provided as a user. Self-awareness adjusts information for neurophysiological feedback.
另外，也可实施为通过观察血流量的波动而得知使用者的呼吸模式，例如，可通过设置于耳朵、额头等位置上的光传感器，取得脉搏变化，进而得知血流量的变化。Further, the breathing pattern of the user may be known by observing the fluctuation of the blood flow. For example, the pulse change may be obtained by a photosensor provided at a position such as an ear or a forehead, and the change in blood flow rate may be known.
另外，当以提高专注力为目标时，则可选择观察θ波与β波的比例。在脑波中，β波占优势时表示人体处于清醒且紧张的状态，而θ波占优势时则表示人体处于放松且意识中断的状态，因此，可通过提高β波相对于θ波的比例而达到提高专注力的目的，例如，治疗ADHD(Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder，注意力缺陷过动症)患者的其中一种方法即是通过神经生理反馈的方式观察其θ波/β波的比值。据此，在利用本发明的系统而开始进行神经生理反馈程序后，该发光体提供呼吸导引信号(通过发光强度的连续变化)，以引导使用者调整其呼吸，同时，戴于头上生理检测装置也进行脑波的检测，以进一步分析θ波以及β波的比例，例如，θ波与β波分别占总脑波能量的比例，或是计算出θ/θ+β以及β/θ+β等，之后，根据分析结果而产生一相关使用者脑部活动态的信息，而该发光体即以该相关使用者脑部活动的信息为基础，而通过发光颜色的改变实时地向使用者传达其脑部功能的改变情况，例如，可利用多种颜色表示，越接近蓝色表示专注力越低，越接近红色表示专注力越高，也可以同一颜色的深浅为依据，颜色越浅代表专注力越低，颜色越深代表专注力越高，如此一来，使用者就
可很简单地通过颜色的改变而得知自己的专注力是否提高，并在跟随呼吸导引的同时也进行自我意识调控(self-regulation)，而使发光颜色进一步趋向提高专注的目标。In addition, when aiming at increasing concentration, you can choose to observe the ratio of the θ wave to the β wave. In the brain wave, when the β wave dominates, the human body is in a state of waking and nervous, and when the θ wave is dominant, the human body is in a state of relaxation and consciousness interruption. Therefore, by increasing the ratio of the β wave to the θ wave. To achieve the goal of increasing concentration, for example, one of the methods for treating patients with ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is to observe the ratio of the θ wave/β wave by neurophysiological feedback. Accordingly, after the neurophysiological feedback procedure is initiated using the system of the present invention, the illuminator provides a respiratory guidance signal (through continuous changes in luminescence intensity) to guide the user in adjusting their breathing while simultaneously wearing the head physiology The detection device also performs brain wave detection to further analyze the ratio of the θ wave and the β wave, for example, the ratio of the θ wave and the β wave to the total brain wave energy, respectively, or the calculation of θ/θ+β and β/θ+等, etc., and then, according to the analysis result, a related information about the activity state of the user's brain is generated, and the illuminant is based on the information of the related user's brain activity, and the change of the illuminating color is transmitted to the user in real time. The change of brain function, for example, can be expressed in multiple colors. The closer to blue, the lower the concentration. The closer to red, the higher the concentration, the lighter the same color, the lighter the color. The lower the force, the darker the color, the higher the concentration, so the user
It is very easy to know whether your concentration is improved by the change of color, and also carry out self-regulation while following the breathing guide, and make the illuminating color further tend to improve the target of concentration.
而除了观察θ波与β波的比例外，皮层慢电位(SCP，slow cortical potential)也是提高专注力的神经生理反馈，例如，治疗ADHD患者时，经常观察的脑部活动，其中，SCP的负向偏移(negative shift)相关于较集中的注意力，以及SCP的正向偏移(positive shift)则相关于降低的注意力。In addition to observing the ratio of theta wave to the beta wave, the slow cortical potential (SCP) is also a neurophysiological feedback that increases concentration. For example, when treating patients with ADHD, often observed brain activity, in which the SCP is negative. The negative shift is related to the more concentrated attention, and the positive shift of the SCP is related to the reduced attention.
在此，该发光颜色所代表的脑部活动，可实施为各种可能，例如，可如上所述地以经换算后的放松或专注程度作为变化依据，或是可用以表示生理信号的变化，例如，α波所占的比例变化等，因此，没有限制。而且，发光颜色的变化方式也无一定的限制，重点在于让使用者可以简单且清楚地了解自己的生理状态，且可借此驱使使用者进行自我意识调控，以达到目标生理状态。Here, the brain activity represented by the illuminating color can be implemented as various possibilities, for example, the degree of relaxation or concentration after conversion can be used as a basis for change as described above, or can be used to indicate a change in a physiological signal. For example, the proportion of the alpha wave varies, and so on, there is no limit. Moreover, there is no limitation on the manner in which the illuminating color changes, and the emphasis is on allowing the user to understand his or her physiological state simply and clearly, and thereby driving the user to self-consciously control to achieve the target physiological state.
因此，通过本发明的装置，使用者可以很自然地结合呼吸调控以及通过自我意识控制而影响脑部活动的程序，无须特别地学习步骤，而其中很重要的原因就在于，该可感知信号产生源所产生的可感知信号包括两种信息，例如，在图1实施例中，该单一发光体所产生的视觉可感知信号通过发光强度以及发光颜色分别表现了呼吸导引信号以及实时生理状态两种信息。Therefore, with the device of the present invention, the user can naturally combine the breathing regulation and the program that affects the brain activity through self-consciousness control, without special learning steps, and the important reason is that the perceptible signal is generated. The perceptible signal generated by the source includes two kinds of information. For example, in the embodiment of FIG. 1, the visually perceptible signal generated by the single illuminant represents the respiratory guiding signal and the real-time physiological state respectively by the illuminating intensity and the illuminating color. Kind of information.
因此，当结合两者时，使用者很容易因过于复杂、变动过大、或不容易理解的数值的视觉显示方式而受到干扰，甚至反而可能增加使用者的精神压力，效果不升反降。In the prior art, when performing neurophysiological feedback, the feedback mode for the user is usually implemented, for example, as a result of performing neurophysiological feedback to produce a moving object, such as a balloon floating in the air, The more relaxed the body, the higher the balloon floats; or the pattern that changes with the physiological state, for example, the flower that blooms because the body is more and more relaxed; or directly shows the change in the measured value; The guiding method is mostly implemented, for example, by the ups and downs of the waveform representing the inhalation and exhalation.
Therefore, when combining the two, the user is easily disturbed by the visual display of the value that is too complicated, too large, or not easy to understand, and may even increase the user's mental stress, and the effect does not rise and fall.
所以，针对上述这些可能出现的问题，本发明在考虑如何提供信息予使用者时，即选择了通过单一个物体表示两种信息的方式，尽可能的简化复杂度，不让使用者产生精神负担，也让使用者很容易就可使用本装置。本发明所揭示的显示方式所具有的优势包括：Therefore, in view of the above-mentioned possible problems, the present invention considers how to provide two kinds of information by a single object when considering how to provide information to the user, so as to simplify the complexity as much as possible, and not to cause a mental burden on the user. It also makes it easy for users to use the device. The advantages of the display mode disclosed by the present invention include:
1.发光强度的大小变化，与一般节奏、韵律的表示方式类似，使用者无须经过思考转换，可直觉地获得引导而控制吸气与吐气。1. The change in the intensity of the luminous intensity is similar to the general rhythm and rhythm representation. The user does not need to go through the thinking conversion, and can intuitively obtain guidance to control inhalation and exhalation.
2.发光颜色对使用者而言是很容易理解的生理状态表示方式，相较于直接提供数值变化，人体对于利用颜色种类及/或深浅变化等来表示程度、等级的改变，很容易产生认同感，因此能更自然地响应而做出自我意识调控。2. The illuminating color is an easy-to-understand physiological state representation for the user. Compared with directly providing numerical changes, the human body can easily identify the change in degree and level by using the color type and/or the depth change. Sense, so it can respond more naturally and make self-consciousness.
3.视觉的焦点仅有一个，不会有结合两个程序而需要注意两个焦点的问题，更有助于集中注意力。3. There is only one focus of vision. There is no problem that needs to pay attention to two focuses when combining two programs, and it helps to concentrate.
因此，结合两种程序所可能产生的复杂性，通过精心设计的可感知信号表现方式，即可被排除，不但有效减少了使用者在使用时的负担感，也因此达成了效果加成的新颖反馈程序。Therefore, combining the complexity of the two programs, through the well-designed and perceptible signal representation, it can be eliminated, which not only effectively reduces the user's sense of burden during use, but also achieves a novel effect enhancement. Feedback program.
实际实施状况而加以变化，没有限制。In addition to using a single illuminant to provide illuminating intensity and illuminating color change, it can also be achieved by other devices having a display function. For example, it can be a light source on a screen, for example, a tablet computer or a mobile phone. The watch, the screen of the personal computer, etc. Further, the light source can also be implemented as part of the image, for example, the head of the human figure, or the position of the abdomen, etc., to help the user imagine the activity in the body during self-consciousness regulation. In addition, in addition to the form of the solid light source, the aperture is also a good implementation, for example, the aperture around the human head also helps the user to imagine. When the light source or the aperture on the screen as described above is implemented, the change in the intensity of the light emission can be further indicated by the change in the diameter of the light-emitting range to enhance the effect of guiding the inhalation and the exhalation. Therefore, it can be
There are no restrictions on the actual implementation status.
另外，也可额外提供听觉可感知信号，例如，声音或语音，以在使用者需要闭眼进行反馈区段的时候，提供另一种选择，举例而言，可以通过音量的强度代表吸气及吐气的连续变化，以及通过不同的声音种类，例如，鸟叫声、海浪声等，或不同曲目而代表不同的生理状态；或者，也可通过语音指示使用者进行吸气及吐气，而由声音频率高低代表生理状态，例如，越高频的声音表示越紧张，越低频表示越放松等，因此，没有限制。并且，听觉可感知信号可实施为由该可感知信号产生源、及/或由该穿戴式生理检测装置而提供，同样没有限制。In addition, an audible perceptible signal, such as sound or speech, may be additionally provided to provide an alternative when the user needs to close the eye for the feedback segment, for example, by the intensity of the volume representing the inhalation and Continuous changes in exhalation, and different types of sounds, such as bird sounds, sea waves, etc., or different tracks to represent different physiological states; or, voices can be used to indicate the user to inhale and exhale, but by sound The frequency indicates the physiological state. For example, the higher the frequency, the more nervous the tone is, the lower the frequency means the more relaxed, and so on, so there is no limit. Moreover, the auditory perceptible signal can be implemented as being provided by the perceptible signal generating source and/or by the wearable physiological detecting device, again without limitation.
至于该呼吸导引信号，也同样有许多实施可能性。在一般呼吸练习中，呼吸导引信号的类型主要分为三种，一为预设固定的呼吸变化模式，例如，呼吸速率设定为固定每分钟8次；一为预设随时间变化的呼吸变化模式，例如，在1个15分钟的区段中，呼吸速率设定为前面5分钟每分钟10次，中间5分钟每分钟8次，以及最后5分钟每分钟6次；以及另一则为随生理状态而动态变化的呼吸变化模式。因此，在本发明中，该呼吸导引信号除了可提供预设为固定以及随时间变化的呼吸变化模式外，通过该穿戴式生理检测装置所取得的脑电信号、及/或心率序列，该呼吸导引信号就可实施为随生理状态而动态变化，以提供更有效引导使用者朝向目标生理状态的呼吸变化模式。As for the respiratory guidance signal, there are also many implementation possibilities. In general breathing exercises, the types of respiratory guidance signals are mainly divided into three types, one is a preset fixed breathing change mode, for example, the breathing rate is set to be fixed 8 times per minute; one is a preset breathing change with time. Change mode, for example, in a 15 minute session, the breathing rate is set to 10 times per minute for the first 5 minutes, 8 times per minute for the 5 minutes in the middle, and 6 times per minute for the last 5 minutes; and the other is A pattern of changes in breathing that changes dynamically with physiological conditions. Therefore, in the present invention, the respiratory guidance signal can provide an EEG signal and/or a heart rate sequence obtained by the wearable physiological detecting device, in addition to providing a preset breathing pattern that is fixed and changed with time. The respiratory guidance signal can be implemented to dynamically change with physiological conditions to provide a pattern of breathing changes that more effectively directs the user toward the target physiological state.
使用者的生理状态影响该呼吸导引信号的方式也有各种不同的实施选择。举例而言，可通过分析心率序列而得知使用者的实际呼吸行为，进而得知与导引信号间的差异，并据以调整呼吸导引信号，例如，当使用者本身的呼吸速率已低于呼吸导引信号所提供的速率，此时就可降低呼吸导引信号的呼吸速率，以引导使用者进一步提升生理反馈的效果。There are also various implementation options for the manner in which the physiological state of the user affects the respiratory guidance signal. For example, the actual respiratory behavior of the user can be known by analyzing the heart rate sequence, thereby learning the difference from the pilot signal, and adjusting the respiratory guidance signal, for example, when the user's own breathing rate is low. At the rate provided by the respiratory guidance signal, the breathing rate of the respiratory guidance signal can be lowered at this time to guide the user to further enhance the effect of physiological feedback.
况，进而推知使用者的放松程度，当放松程度已增加且维持稳定时，呼吸导引信号可实施为进一步降低呼吸速率，例如，从每分钟8-10次，降至每分钟6-8次，以进一步增加放松程度；或者，也可实施为在使用者的放松程度已达预期目标时、或是呼吸的控制已稳定地吻合呼吸导引时，停止呼吸导引信号的提供，而让使用者可专注于进行自我意识调控，仅在发现呼吸又出现不稳定、或放松程度又降低时，才又开始进行呼吸导引，因此，没有限制。Alternatively, HRV analysis of heart rate sequences can also be used to learn about autonomic nervous activity.
Moreover, inferring the degree of relaxation of the user, when the degree of relaxation has increased and remains stable, the respiratory guidance signal can be implemented to further reduce the breathing rate, for example, from 8-10 times per minute to 6-8 times per minute. To further increase the degree of relaxation; or, it may be implemented to stop the supply of the respiratory guidance signal when the user's degree of relaxation has reached the desired goal, or when the control of the breathing has steadily matched the respiratory guidance, and to use People can focus on self-awareness control, and only begin to breathe when they find that breathing is unstable or the degree of relaxation is reduced. Therefore, there is no limit.
此外，特别是，也可实施为，特意通过呼吸导引信号的提供的有无而让使用者交替地进行呼吸调控以及通过自我意识调控而改变生理状态的程序。根据研究显示，当进行通过自我意识调控而影响生理状态的程序时，若呼吸能处于平顺且稳定的状态，则反馈所产生的效果可获得加成，因此，通过间歇地先提供呼吸导引信号一段时间而让使用者习惯该呼吸模式，以达到呼吸的稳定，之后，再通过停止呼吸导引，而让使用者在自然延续已习惯的呼吸模式下单纯地专注于进行自我意识调控程序，这样的流程将可进一步提升反馈的效果。Further, in particular, it may be implemented as a program that allows the user to alternately perform respiratory regulation and change the physiological state by self-consciousness regulation by the presence or absence of the supply of the respiratory guidance signal. According to research, when the procedure of affecting the physiological state is controlled by self-consciousness, if the breathing energy is in a smooth and stable state, the effect of the feedback can be additive, and therefore, the respiratory guidance signal is provided first by intermittently. For a period of time, the user is accustomed to the breathing mode to achieve stable breathing, and then, by stopping the breathing guide, the user simply concentrates on the self-awareness control program in the natural breathing mode that is used to it. The process will further enhance the feedback.
而且，由于呼吸练习对于自律神经的影响有延迟反应，因此，通过间歇地提供导引信号的方式，再配合本发明结合呼吸练习与自我意识调控程序的特性，可在不提供呼吸导引而让呼吸练习对自律神经的影响呈现的期间，方便地让使用者进行自我意识调控程序，而让呼吸练习的效果获得加成。Moreover, since the breathing exercises have a delayed response to the effects of the autonomic nerves, by providing the guiding signals intermittently, in combination with the characteristics of the breathing practice and the self-awareness control program of the present invention, the respiratory guidance can be provided without During the period in which the effects of breathing exercises on the autonomic nerves are presented, it is convenient for the user to perform self-awareness control procedures, and the effects of breathing exercises are added.
Here, the alternating conversion of the breathing practice and the self-awareness control program, that is, the provision of the breathing guidance signal may be determined according to the physiological state of the user as described above, or may be fixedly performed according to a preset time interval. Switching, no limit. In addition, when the fixed switching mode is adopted, it may be further implemented that the respiratory guidance signal is switched between the breathing rate, for example, 6-8 times per minute and 10-12 times per minute, and the manner is It can help, for example, focus on switching training to achieve more flexible control.
另外，需要注意的是，该呼吸导引信号的提供模式可实施为，该呼吸导引讯号(可以是预设固定、预设随时间变化、或动态变化)是由该穿戴式生理检测装置传送至该可感知信号产生源后，例如，智能型手机，平板计算机，智能手表等，再由该可感知信号产生源将该呼吸导引信号提供给使用者，以供使用者进行呼吸练习；或者，也可以是，该可感知信号产生源原本即具有预设的呼吸变化模式可提供给使用者，但会进一步接收来自该穿戴式生理检测装置的输入，而调整其呼吸导引信号，因此，没有限制。In addition, it should be noted that the breathing guide signal supply mode may be implemented as: the respiratory guidance signal (which may be preset fixed, preset time varying, or dynamic change) is transmitted by the wearable physiological detecting device. After the sensible signal generating source, for example, a smart phone, a tablet computer, a smart watch, etc., the breathing signal is provided to the user by the sensible signal generating source for the user to perform breathing exercises; or Alternatively, the perceptible signal generating source may have a preset breathing change mode provided to the user, but further receives an input from the wearable physiological detecting device and adjusts the respiratory guiding signal, thereby no limit.
根据本发明另一方面构想，也可实施为通过听觉可感知信号而提供脑部活动信息以及呼吸导引信号。如图2所示，使用者可通过手机所呈现的声音呼吸导引信号以及脑部活动信息而调整自身的呼吸并进行生理反馈。According to another aspect of the invention, it is also possible to provide brain activity information and a breathing guidance signal by means of an auditory perceptible signal. As shown in FIG. 2, the user can adjust his breathing and perform physiological feedback through the sound breathing guidance signal and brain activity information presented by the mobile phone.
在此，用以表现呼吸导引信号的听觉可感知信号可包括，但不限于，举例而言，可利用产生声音信号的时间间隔而作为起始吸气与吐气的导引；可利用声音频率或音量的改变来代表吸气与吐气的连续变化；或者可由不同的声音种类代表吸气及吐气，例如，不同的音乐曲目，或是具有周期性变化的声音档案，例如，海浪声等，以让使用者随其变换而调整呼吸；或者也可通过语音而告知使用者该进行吸气或吐气，例如，通过符合吸气与吐气的时间点的“吸气”及“吐气”语音指示而导引使用者的呼吸模式。Herein, the auditory perceptible signal for expressing the respiratory guidance signal may include, but is not limited to, for example, a time interval for generating the sound signal may be used as a guide for initial inhalation and exhalation; Or a change in volume to represent a continuous change in inspiration and exhalation; or a different sound category to represent inhalation and exhalation, for example, different music tracks, or sound files with periodic changes, such as waves, etc. Let the user adjust the breathing as it changes; or the user can be informed by voice to inhale or exhale, for example, by "inhalation" and "exhalation" voice indications at the time of inhalation and exhalation. Introduce the user's breathing pattern.
When the auditory perceptible signal is simultaneously used to represent the information needed for physiological feedback, there are also many options. For example, the frequency or volume of the sound may be gradually higher or lower to indicate an increasingly trending target. Alternatively, the specific sound type, or music, may be used to represent that the target has not been reached, or the target has been reached; or, the voice may be used to inform the user whether the physiological feedback is gradually moving toward the target. Therefore, as long as it can distinguish from the respiratory guidance signal, there is no limit.
所以，当生理反馈的目标为放松身心时，其中一种实施方式是，利用间隔产生的哔哔声来导引使用者开始进行吸气或吐气，并利用声音频率的高低来代表身体的放松程度，例如，音频越高表示越紧张，而音频越低则表示越放松，因此，当使用者听到高频的哔哔声时，就可在跟随而进行吸气与吐气的同时，得知自己仍然太过紧张，需要想办法放松身心，所以，即使通过单一个声音信号，同样可以清楚地让使用者同时了解两种信息内容。Therefore, when the goal of physiological feedback is to relax the body and mind, one of the embodiments is to use the snoring sound generated by the interval to guide the user to start inhaling or exhaling, and use the frequency of the sound to represent the degree of relaxation of the body. For example, the higher the audio, the more nervous it is, and the lower the audio, the more relaxed it is. Therefore, when the user hears a high-frequency hum, you can learn to inhale while exhaling. Still too nervous, you need to find a way to relax, so even with a single voice signal, you can clearly let the user know both types of information at the same time.
或者，另一种实施方式可以是，利用声音音量的强弱代表吸气与吐气的连续变化，并利用不同的声音种类来表示身体的放松程度，例如，以鸟叫声表示紧张程度较高，而以海浪声表示较为放松，同样是可以清楚表达的方式。Alternatively, another embodiment may be to use the strength of the sound volume to represent continuous changes in inspiration and exhalation, and to use different types of sounds to indicate the degree of relaxation of the body, for example, to indicate a higher degree of tension by a bird's voice. The sound of the waves is more relaxed, and it is also a way to express it clearly.
其中，听觉可感知信号也可通过与穿戴式生理检测装置相结合的发声模组而产生，举例而言，可实施为与头戴或耳戴生理检测装置相结合的耳机，在此情形下，使用者只需将单一个装置配戴于身上即可在取得生理信号的同时，也获得反馈/呼吸导引等资讯，具高度移动性及方便性，且若实施为眼镜或耳戴形式，则更具美观性，适合日常使用，尤其适合在通勤期间进行闭眼反馈区段，相当方便，特别地是，所采用的发声模组、耳机除了可以是一般常见的空气传导形式外，也可采用骨传导形式，例如，可采用骨传式耳机，可直接在镜脚与头骨接触的位置处设置骨传导喇叭，或是从镜脚延伸出骨传导耳机，没有限制。Wherein, the auditory sensible signal can also be generated by a sound emitting module combined with the wearable physiological detecting device, for example, can be implemented as a headphone combined with a head or ear wearing physiological detecting device, in this case, The user only needs to wear a single device on the body to obtain physiological signals, as well as feedback/breathing guidance, which is highly mobile and convenient, and if implemented in glasses or earwear, More aesthetically pleasing, suitable for daily use, especially suitable for closed-eye feedback section during commuting, which is quite convenient. In particular, the vocal module and earphone used can be used in addition to the common air conduction form. In the form of bone conduction, for example, a bone-transmitting earphone can be used, and a bone conduction horn can be directly disposed at a position where the temple is in contact with the skull, or a bone conduction earphone can be extended from the temple foot without limitation.
Wherein, when implemented in the form of glasses, the functions of the earphone and/or the microphone may be provided by providing a sounding element and/or a sounding element (for example, a microphone) on the eyeglass structure, or may be extended by the eyeglasses. In the manner of the earphone, in particular, the sounding element and the earphone used may be in the form of bone conduction, in addition to the generally common air conduction form, for example, directly at the position where the temple is in contact with the skull. Bone conduction headphones, or bone conduction headphones extending from the temples, there is no limit.
再者，根据本发明另一方面的构想，也可实施为通过触觉可感知信号而提供脑部活动以及呼吸导引信号，例如，可实施为利用振动信号来提醒使用者正确的呼气及/或吸气起始时间点，或是只在发现使用者的呼吸模式偏离预设的目标导引信号过多时才产生振动导引等；另外，也可通过振动的强弱来表示不同的生理状态，例如，当生理反馈的目标为放松身心时，振动越强表示紧张程度越高，而随着越来越放松，振动的强度也随之变弱。Furthermore, the concept according to another aspect of the present invention may also be implemented to provide brain activity and respiratory guidance signals through tactile sensible signals, for example, may be implemented to use a vibration signal to alert the user to correct exhalation and/or Or the inspiratory start time point, or the vibration guidance is generated only when the user's breathing mode is found to be deviated from the preset target guiding signal; in addition, the different physiological states can be expressed by the strength of the vibration. For example, when the goal of physiological feedback is to relax, the stronger the vibration, the higher the degree of tension, and as it relaxes, the intensity of the vibration becomes weaker.
在此，具优势地是，当采用听觉及/或触觉导引的方式时，使用者可于反馈区段阖上双眼，更有助于身体放松及呼吸调整。Here, it is advantageous that when the hearing and/or tactile guidance is adopted, the user can put both eyes on the feedback section, which is more helpful for body relaxation and breathing adjustment.
而更进一步地，还可实施为同时提供听觉可感知信号以及触觉可感知信号，例如，利用振动信号提醒呼气及/或吸气的时间点，并利用语音告知使用者生理状态的变化，或是通过声音提供呼吸导引信号，并通过振动提醒使用者当前的生理状态等，没有限制，其中，较佳的实施方式是具振动功能的耳机，不但可闭眼，更可在不影响周围其他人的情形下进行反馈区段，相当方便。Further, it may be further implemented to simultaneously provide an auditory perceptible signal and a tactile perceptible signal, for example, using a vibration signal to remind a time point of exhalation and/or inhalation, and using a voice to inform the user of a change in physiological state, or The sound guiding signal is provided by sound, and the user is reminded of the current physiological state by vibration. There is no limitation. The preferred embodiment is a vibration-equipped earphone, which can not only close the eye, but also affect other surrounding areas. It is quite convenient to carry out the feedback section in the case of a person.
Furthermore, when the implementation according to the present invention is to communicate with a portable electronic device, for example, a wired or wireless device such as a headphone jack or Bluetooth is used to communicate with an electronic device such as a smart phone, a tablet computer, or a smart watch. In the case of a sound emitting element (air conduction or bone conduction type) and a sound pickup element, the ear-worn or eyeglass type device according to the present invention can be used as a hands-free earpiece for talking, and further, by setting vibration The module, the sound emitting element (air conduction or bone conduction type), the display element, and the light emitting element, etc., the earwear or eyeglass device according to the present invention may further implement an information providing interface as the portable electronic device, for example It is used to provide call reminders, message notifications, etc., and is more integrated into the daily life of the user. As for the provision of information, there are various restrictions such as sound, vibration, illumination, and lens display.
接下来，根据本发明再一方面的构想，由于根据本发明的装置是采用穿戴形式，因此，也适合使用作为脑机接口，而在所检测的生理信号主要包括脑电信号以及心率序列的情形下，可用于产生指令的方式有下列几种可能方式，举例而言，但不限制，由于脑波中α波所占的比例，随着闭眼及睁眼的动作有很大的变化，一般而言，当闭眼时，α波的比例会大幅提升，因此，就可以此作为产生指令的依据，另外，当脑电电极的设置位置落在眼睛附近时，例如，鼻梁、山根、两眼间区域、太阳穴等位置时，也同样可侦测到眼部的动作，取得眼动信号(EOG)，因此，就可通过，例如，眨眼、转眼球等动作而下达指令；再者，由于呼吸也是人体可以控制的一项生理活动，且如前所述地，呼吸不但会对心率产生影响(即，所谓的RSA)，也会造成脑波于低频区段的波动，因此，在本发明的架构下，无论是侦测脑波信号或是侦测心率序列，皆可由此而得知使用者呼吸行为模式改变，因而作为产生指令的依据，例如，使用者可通过特意拉长吸气的期间而下达指令等，或者，也可通过加深呼吸而增加心跳变异率，进而达到增大RSA震幅的效果，以作为下达指令的依据，因此，没有限制。Next, according to a further aspect of the present invention, since the device according to the present invention adopts a wearable form, it is also suitable for use as a brain-computer interface, and in the case where the detected physiological signal mainly includes an electroencephalogram signal and a heart rate sequence. In the following, there are several possible ways to generate instructions. For example, but not limited to, the proportion of alpha waves in brain waves varies greatly with the movements of closed eyes and blinks. In other words, when the eye is closed, the ratio of the alpha wave is greatly increased. Therefore, it can be used as a basis for generating an instruction. In addition, when the position of the electroencephalogram electrode is placed near the eye, for example, the bridge of the nose, the root of the mountain, and the eyes of both eyes In the case of inter-area, temples, etc., eye movements can also be detected, and eye movement signals (EOG) can be obtained. Therefore, instructions can be issued by, for example, blinking, eye-turning, etc.; It is also a physiological activity that the human body can control. As mentioned above, breathing not only affects the heart rate (ie, the so-called RSA), but also causes fluctuations in the brain wave in the low frequency segment. Therefore, under the framework of the present invention, whether the brain wave signal is detected or the heart rate sequence is detected, the user's breathing behavior pattern can be changed thereby, and thus, as a basis for generating instructions, for example, the user can specifically It is possible to increase the heartbeat variability rate by deepening the breathing during the inhalation period, or to increase the RSA amplitude, so as to be the basis for issuing the instruction. Therefore, there is no limitation.
此外，进一步地，当配合上动作感测元件时，例如，加速度器，还可有更多的下达指令方式，例如，当上述的各种生理现象可再配合上下点头、左右转动头部等动作，就可组合出更多种类的指令，让应用范围更广，例如，可应用在虚拟现实游戏、智能型眼镜(Smart Glasses)等，皆非常适合。In addition, when the motion sensing element is matched, for example, the accelerometer, there may be more command modes, for example, when the various physiological phenomena described above can be combined with the up and down nodding, the left and right rotation of the head, and the like. More kinds of instructions can be combined to make the application wider, for example, it can be applied to virtual reality games, smart glasses, etc., which are very suitable.
增加的比例，再者，由于生理反馈具有累积效应，因此，不同时间、不同区段所获得分数就可累积计算，如此一来，使用者将可很方便地通过分数而得知自身努力的成果，有助于培养成就感，而在此情况下，还可进一步设定可达成的不同分数门坎，增加使用者的挑战欲望，并且，可配合关卡的概念，当达到一个门坎后，即可到达下一个关卡，并打开不同的功能等，增加使用趣味性，也提升使用意愿。Furthermore, the neurophysiological feedback performed by the device according to the present invention is also suitable for integration into the game, so that, in addition to changes in visual/auditory effects, for example, colors, object types, people, which change with physiological state, Sounds, etc., through the way of the game, will provide more interactive content. For example, a game software executed on a mobile phone and/or a computer can increase the fun of interaction with the user, thereby increasing the willingness to use. For example, first, a score system can be used. For example, if the goal of neurophysiological feedback is to relax the body and mind, the score can be used to express the degree of relaxation in a segment, such as the alpha wave in the brain wave.
The increased proportion, in addition, due to the cumulative effect of physiological feedback, the scores obtained at different times and in different sections can be cumulatively calculated, so that users can easily know the results of their efforts through the scores. It helps to cultivate a sense of accomplishment. In this case, the different score thresholds that can be achieved can be further set, the user's desire for challenge can be increased, and the concept of the level can be matched, and when a threshold is reached, it can be reached. The next level, and open different functions, etc., increase the use of fun, but also increase the willingness to use.
另外，除了关卡的概念外，也可采用提供奖励的方式，举例而言，当分数累积达一定门坎后，可增加更多可选择的人物造型，例如，更多可更换的衣服种类，出现光环等，或是可赠与配件、宝物等，或是可提升游戏者的等级而赋予更高的游戏能力等，各种在线游戏常见的方式皆适合用于本发明。In addition, in addition to the concept of the level, rewards can also be used. For example, when the scores accumulate to a certain threshold, more optional characters can be added. For example, more types of clothes can be replaced, and a halo appears. Etc., or you can give accessories, treasures, etc., or to enhance the level of the player to give higher game ability, etc., and the common methods of various online games are suitable for the present invention.
再者，由于与一般的游戏性质不同，生理反馈的累积性主要建构在连续使用的前提下，即，当所执行的生理反馈程序的间隔时间过长时，即失去累积的效果，据此，举例而言，分数的计算原则就可设计为，例如，累积的分数会随着时间间隔的逐渐变长而减少，若隔太长的时间未进行游戏，则分数将归零，使用者必须重头开始，例如，当使用者相隔2天未进行生理反馈程序时，累积分数即减少至75％，相隔3天未使用，分数减至50％，以此类推，最后当相隔5天未使用时，先前的累积分数即被归零，以借此鼓励使用者持续的使用。Furthermore, due to the nature of the game, the accumulation of physiological feedback is mainly constructed on the premise of continuous use, that is, when the interval of the physiological feedback program executed is too long, the cumulative effect is lost, and accordingly, an example is given. In other words, the calculation principle of the score can be designed. For example, the accumulated score will decrease as the time interval becomes longer. If the game is not played for too long, the score will be zero, and the user must start over. For example, when the user does not perform a physiological feedback procedure 2 days apart, the cumulative score is reduced to 75%, not used 3 days apart, the score is reduced to 50%, and so on, and finally when not used 5 days apart, previously The cumulative score is zeroed to encourage continued use by the user.
因此，通过游戏的方式，除了让生理反馈程序变的更有趣外，也可让使用者实时地感觉到生理反馈所造成的生理状态改变，进而让使用者觉得有目标，增加使用的动力。Therefore, in addition to making the physiological feedback program more interesting, the game can also let the user feel the physiological state change caused by the physiological feedback in real time, so that the user feels that there is a goal and increases the power of use.
量，这样的方式对使用者而言并不方便，因此，若通过耳戴形式或眼镜形式即可完成电极配置，自然是较无负担的选择，且相较之下，无负担的检测方式对睡眠所产生的影响也较小，将可获得更贴近日常睡眠情形的检测结果。Furthermore, the device according to the invention is also applicable to the acquisition of sleep related information. As is well known to those skilled in the art, the electroencephalogram signal is the main basis for judging the sleep staging. Generally, the conventional measurement method is, for example, that a plurality of electrodes are arranged on the scalp and connected to one through a connecting line. Machine, but because it must be measured during sleep
Quantity, such a method is not convenient for the user. Therefore, if the electrode configuration can be completed by the ear wearing form or the glasses form, it is naturally a less burdensome option, and in comparison, the unburdened detection method is The effects of sleep are also small, and results that are closer to the daily sleep situation will be obtained.
且更进一步地，还可通过增设其他电极、或是采用电极共享的方式，而测量其他的电生理讯号，例如，眼电讯号(EOG)，肌电讯号(EMG)，心电讯号(ECG)，皮肤电活动(EDA)等，而这些电生理讯号则是睡眠多项生理检查(PSG，Polysomnography)所会包含的项目，举例而言，眼电讯号可提供快速动眼期(REM，Rapid Eye Movement)的信息，肌电讯号可提供入睡(sleep onset)与醒来(sleep offset)，磨牙以及REM等信息，心电讯号可用来辅助观察睡眠期间的生理状态，例如，自律神经的状态，心脏活动的情形等，皮肤电活动则可提供有关睡眠阶段的信息，另外，再进一步，若再增设光传感器，将可取得血氧浓度，以判定浅呼吸(hypopnea)的发生，及/或增设动作感测元件，例如，加速度器，可提供身体移动的信息，及/或设置麦克风，可侦测打鼾的情形等。因此，通过简单设置于耳朵上的传感器就可在最无负担的情形下获得相当多有关睡眠的信息，相当方便。综上所述，根据本发明的穿戴式生理检测装置通过神经生理反馈区段中提供呼吸导引的方式，达到让使用者提高专注力、且同时增强反馈效果的目的，两者相辅相成，事半功倍，另外，也通过头戴结构、及/或耳戴结构的形式而在将装置设置于头部及/或耳朵上的同时完成电极、及/或传感器的设置，不但增加使用方便性，也大大提升移动性。再者，也由于根据本发明的装置实施为穿戴形式，因此也适合被使用作为脑机接口，进一步提升使用价值。
Furthermore, other electrophysiological signals can be measured by adding other electrodes or by sharing electrodes, for example, EOG, myoelectric signal (EMG), ECG (ECG). , electrodermal activity (EDA), etc., and these electrophysiological signals are items included in multiple sleep physiological examinations (PSG, Polysomnography). For example, EOG can provide rapid eye movement (REM, Rapid Eye) Movement), the EMG signal provides information on sleep onset and sleep offset, molars and REM. The ECG signal can be used to assist in observing the physiological state during sleep, for example, the state of the autonomic nerve, the heart. In the case of activity, etc., the skin electrical activity can provide information about the sleep stage. Further, if a light sensor is added, the blood oxygen concentration can be obtained to determine the occurrence of hypopnea and/or additional action. Sensing elements, such as accelerometers, can provide information on body movements and/or set up a microphone to detect snoring situations and the like. Therefore, it is quite convenient to obtain a considerable amount of information about sleep in a most unburdened situation by simply placing the sensor on the ear. In summary, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention achieves the purpose of allowing the user to improve the concentration and enhance the feedback effect by providing the breathing guide in the neurophysiological feedback section, and the two complement each other and get twice the result with half the effort. In addition, the arrangement of the electrodes and/or the sensors is completed while the device is placed on the head and/or the ear by means of a head-mounted structure and/or an ear-worn structure, which not only increases the convenience of use but also greatly enhances Mobility. Furthermore, since the device according to the present invention is implemented in a wearable form, it is also suitable for use as a brain-computer interface, further enhancing the use value.