CN105997021B - Wearable physiology detection apparatus - Google Patents

Wearable physiology detection apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105997021B
CN105997021B CN201610043761.4A CN201610043761A CN105997021B CN 105997021 B CN105997021 B CN 105997021B CN 201610043761 A CN201610043761 A CN 201610043761A CN 105997021 B CN105997021 B CN 105997021B
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user
ear
electrode
respiratory
encephalograms
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CN105997021A (en
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周常安
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周常安
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Priority to CN201510038012.8A priority Critical patent/CN104665824A/en
Priority to CN2015100380128 priority
Application filed by 周常安 filed Critical 周常安
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2016/072023 external-priority patent/WO2016119665A1/en
Priority claimed from JP2017600128U external-priority patent/JP3217017U/en
Publication of CN105997021A publication Critical patent/CN105997021A/en
Publication of CN105997021B publication Critical patent/CN105997021B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/24Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric or biomagnetic signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/316Modalities, i.e. specific diagnostic methods
    • A61B5/318Heart-related electrical modalities, e.g. electrocardiogaphy [ECG]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/0205Simultaneously evaluating both cardiovascular conditions and different types of body conditions, e.g. heart and respiratory condition
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/024Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate
    • A61B5/02405Determining heart rate variability
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/08Detecting, measuring or recording devices for evaluating the respiratory organs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/08Detecting, measuring or recording devices for evaluating the respiratory organs
    • A61B5/0816Measuring devices for examining respiratory frequency
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/24Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric or biomagnetic signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/25Bioelectric electrodes therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/24Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric or biomagnetic signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/25Bioelectric electrodes therefor
    • A61B5/279Bioelectric electrodes therefor specially adapted for particular uses
    • A61B5/291Bioelectric electrodes therefor specially adapted for particular uses for electroencephalography [EEG]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/24Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric or biomagnetic signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/316Modalities, i.e. specific diagnostic methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/24Detecting, measuring or recording bioelectric or biomagnetic signals of the body or parts thereof
    • A61B5/316Modalities, i.e. specific diagnostic methods
    • A61B5/369Electroencephalography [EEG]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6802Sensor mounted on worn items
    • A61B5/6803Head-worn items, e.g. helmets, masks, headphones or goggles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6813Specially adapted to be attached to a specific body part
    • A61B5/6814Head
    • A61B5/6815Ear
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6813Specially adapted to be attached to a specific body part
    • A61B5/6824Arm or wrist
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6813Specially adapted to be attached to a specific body part
    • A61B5/6825Hand
    • A61B5/6826Finger
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/18Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for improving respiratory function
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2230/00Measuring physiological parameters of the user
    • A63B2230/04Measuring physiological parameters of the user heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2230/00Measuring physiological parameters of the user
    • A63B2230/08Measuring physiological parameters of the user other bio-electrical signals

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, to provide brain activity information and determine a respiratory daoyin signal, using the basis as user's self adjustment brain function in a nervous physiology feedback section, and then reach a nervous physiology feedback loop.The device has a wear structure, electrode for encephalograms and/or heart rate sensing unit is set to head and/or ear or ear near zone, and then obtain brain activity information and the information in relation to Respiratory behavior.

Description

Wearable physiology detection apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, more particularly, it relates to which a kind of nervous physiology that is applied to feeds back area The wearable physiology detection apparatus of section.
Background technique
In recent years, more and more researchs focus on how human body in such a way that self-consciousness regulates and controls influences body Operation system, it is physically and mentally healthy to achieve the effect that improve, for example, physiological feedback (biofeedback) (including nervous physiology feedback (neurofeedback)), meditating (meditation), respiration exercise (breath exercise) etc. is all to have obtained at present greatly Quantity research result is supported, and also has more and more people to use the method.
Wherein, physiological feedback is a kind of human body to learn how to change physiological activity the purpose of improving health and efficiency Learning program can be by consciousness in human body in this program, for example, thinking, mood and behavior, the physiology of change is living It is dynamic, for example, E.E.G, heart rate, breathing, muscle activity or skin temperature etc. can be monitored by instrument, and fast and accurately Subject is fed back information to, since this information is related with the physiological change to be reached, subject is obtaining information Afterwards, so that it may carry out self-consciousness regulation accordingly, reinforce required physiological reaction.
Nervous physiology feedback is a kind of physiological feedback carried out by providing the real-time brain activity information of subject, most Common mode detects electroencephalogram (EEG, electroencephalography) first is that passing through, and user obtains in real time After obtaining in relation to the information of brain activity, so that it may in such a way that self-consciousness adjusts, and achieve the effect that influence brain activity.
In addition, electroencephalogram still has a kind of critically important application, it is as brain machine interface (BCI, brain computer Interface), wherein the intention (intention) for obtaining user can be analyzed by detecting EEG, and then be converted to operation Instruction.In recent years, such brain machine interface fit nervous physiology feedback is also applied to game, for example, the presentation for passing through game Mode and allow user's training concentration etc..
It follows that when being related to achieving the effect that improve by the regulatory mechanism of human body itself physically and mentally healthy or make For brain machine interface in application, self-consciousness regulation be most important approach, and it is well known that focus on be carry out self Consciousness regulates and controls one of most important means.It therefore, if can be in nervous physiology feedback procedure by improving the side to focus on Formula and help self-consciousness regulate and control progress, will more efficient reach nervous physiology feedback target.
Generally during the meditation for needing to focus on, it will usually emphasize that contemplator must be absorbed in breathing The rhythm, especially when thought occur and vacillating, it is necessary to concentrate on attention again on the breathing rhythm that one suction one is spat.Therefore, specially Infusing in the breathing rhythm is the known method for promoting attention.
In the case of the intervention of typically no consciousness, breathing is controlled by autobnomic nervous system, can be automatically according to body Demand and adjust respiratory rate and depth etc., and on the other hand, breathing can also be controlled by consciousness, in limited range, people Body can voluntarily control respiratory rate and depth etc., therefore existing research is shown, can influence to hand over by way of control breathing Sense nerve and parasympathetic balance, general situation are to will increase parasympathetic nerve activity during expiration, slow down the heart It jumps, and intake period is then that will increase sympathetic activity, and to palpitate quickly.
Therefore, when need focus on and be absorbed in breathing the rhythm when, in addition to due to by attention revert to expiration with The rhythm venting one's pent-up feelings and achieve the effect that outside wholwe-hearted and stable, also simultaneously the autobnomic nervous system of itself can be had an impact.At this point, As long as breathing to autobnomic nervous system when influencing consistent with the target of nervous physiology feedback is carried out, for example, loosening body and mind, so that it may Naturally enough to allow the effect of nervous physiology feedback to attain a yet higher goal because increasing to carried out control is breathed, reach Xiang Fuxiang At effect.
Therefore, really in need to develop a kind of novel system, it can be controlled and be carried out by self-consciousness in user When nervous physiology is fed back, the foundation of further progress breathing adjustment is provided, so that breathing the influence physically and mentally healthy to improvement can be same When be demonstrated out, and then allow nervous physiology to feed back attainable effect with complementing each other attain a yet higher goal.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, to provide brain activity information and determine A fixed respiratory daoyin signal, the basis self to adjust brain function in a nervous physiology feedback section as user, into And reach a nervous physiology feedback loop, which includes: multiple electrode for encephalograms, is embodied as dry-type electrode;One wear structure, it is real It applies to be combined with multiple electrode for encephalograms, wherein, should when the wear structure is set to head and/or the ear of user Multiple electrode for encephalograms are arranged at the position that may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit;And a physiology signal acquisition circuit, to EEG signals are obtained by multiple electrode for encephalograms;Wherein, in the nervous physiology feedback section, the EEG signals are as production The basis of a raw associated user brain activity information, to be supplied to user;The EEG signals also make as one correlation of generation The basis of user's Respiratory behavior information, for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory daoyin signal;And the user is according to the phase It closes brain activity information and carries out self-consciousness regulation, and a Respiratory behavior mode is carried out according to the respiratory daoyin signal, To reach the influence to brain function.
Another object of the present invention is to a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, to provide physiological state information, to make Self the basis of brain function is adjusted in a nervous physiology feedback section for user, and then reaches a nervous physiology feedback and return Road, the device include: multiple electrode for encephalograms, are embodied as dry-type electrode;One optical sensor;One wear structure is embodied as more with this A electrode for encephalograms combines, wherein when the wear structure is arranged at head and/or the ear of user, multiple brain electricity Electrode is arranged at the position that may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit and the heart rate sensing unit is arranged at and can obtain heart rate The position of sequence;And a physiology signal acquisition circuit, to obtain EEG signals, Yi Jitong by multiple electrode for encephalograms It crosses the optical sensor and obtains continuous pulse variation, and then obtain heart rate sequence;Wherein, in the nervous physiology feedback section, Heart rate and a Respiratory behavior of the heart rate sequence to generate user;And the EEG signals, the Respiratory behavior, Yi Jixin Rate carries out a correlation analysis, and analysis result is supplied to user;The user according to the correlation analysis result and into The basis of row self-consciousness regulation, to reach the influence to brain function.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, can obtain EEG signals with And heart rate sequence, to be applied in nervous physiology Feedback section.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, area can be fed back in a nervous physiology The foundation that brain activity information carries out self-consciousness adjustment as user is provided in section, and also according to the breathing row of user For and determine respiratory daoyin signal to be provided, to allow user that adjustment is followed to breathe, and then reach the shadow to brain function It rings.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, have one wear structure setting in User head, and may achieve the position that electrode for encephalograms is set to and may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit when wearing, and Heart rate sensing unit is arranged in the position that can obtain heart rate sequence.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, have an ear wear structure setting in On one ear of user, and it may achieve the position that electrode for encephalograms is arranged in and may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit when wearing, And heart rate sensing unit is set to the position that can obtain heart rate sequence.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, obtained by analyzing heart rate sequence The heart rate and Respiratory behavior of user, and then EEG signals, Respiratory behavior and the heart are provided in nervous physiology Feedback section Correlation analysis between rate is as a result, using the basis as user's progress self-consciousness regulation.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, obtained by analyzing EEG signals The brain activity information of user and the Respiratory behavior of user, in nervous physiology Feedback section, brain activity to be believed Breath is supplied to user and carries out self-consciousness regulation, and using user's Respiratory behavior as providing and/or adjust respiratory daoyin The basis of signal.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, wherein multiple electrode for encephalograms and Optical sensor is all arranged to be worn in structure in an ear, when being worn on ear while obtaining EEG signals and the heart so as to the device Rate sequence.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, be implemented as optical sensor and Wherein an electrode for encephalograms is set to together in an ear clip structure, is fixed on ear in a manner of through sandwiched.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 shows that wearable physiology detection apparatus is set to the implementation signal on head and wearing structure according to the present invention Figure;
Fig. 2 shows that the wearable physiology detection apparatus such as Fig. 1 adds the implementation diagram that ear wears structure;
Fig. 3 A- Fig. 3 C shows the exemplary embodiment of ear clip structure;
Fig. 4 A- Fig. 4 D show according to the present invention wearable physiology detection apparatus by electrocardioelectrode be worn on different parts Exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 5 A- Fig. 5 B shows that electrocardioelectrode is embodied as exposing to device table by wearable physiology detection apparatus according to the present invention The exemplary embodiment in face;
Fig. 6 A- Fig. 6 B shows that wearable physiology detection apparatus is set to the reality on head by Glasses structure according to the present invention Apply schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 A- Fig. 7 B shows that wearable physiology detection apparatus wears structure by ear according to the present invention and is set on ear Exemplary embodiment;
Fig. 8 A- Fig. 8 C shows that wearable physiology detection apparatus wears structure by ear according to the present invention and is set on ear, And exemplary embodiment when using electrocardioelectrode;
Fig. 9 shows that wearable physiology detection apparatus wears structure by ear according to the present invention and is set on ear, and has Exemplary embodiment when electrode for encephalograms, electrocardioelectrode and optical sensor;
Figure 10 shows auricle inner face organigram;
Figure 11 shows cerebral cortex position and schematic diagram with auricle positional relationship in head.
In figure,
10 wearable physiology detection apparatus
12 hosts
14 wear structure
141 photocells
142 light receiving elements
143 electrode for encephalograms
16 ear clips
181 fingers wear structure
182 wrists wear structure
183 arms wear structure
184 necks wear structure
18,41 electrocardioelectrode
20,30,40 ear-wearing type physiology detection device
21,32,43 ear hook structure
22 ear clip structures
23,25,33,44 shell
42 ear clip, 60 additional structure
Specific embodiment
The purpose of device of the present invention is, will influence the program of brain activity by self-consciousness adjustment and exhales It is warm in the same nervous physiology Feedback section to inhale both regulations, and anti-by interacting one nervous physiology of formation between user It is fed back to the mode on road and achievees the effect that reinforce influencing brain activity, can further be mentioned with the effect for allowing the program to be reached It rises.
Under this principle, wearable physiology detection apparatus according to the present invention is to be provided simultaneously at least two brains electricity electricity Pole and heart rate sensing unit, wherein electrode for encephalograms is to obtain EEG signals, to learn the brain activity feelings of user Shape, and heart rate sensing unit is then used to obtain heart rate sequence, using the foundation as offer and/or adjustment respiratory daoyin signal.
In general, obtaining EEG signals needs at least two electrodes, it is one of to be used as active electrode (active Electrode), another is then used as reference electrode (reference electrode), also common to be further added by a grounding electrode (ground), to inhibit common-mode noise, for example, 60Hz and 50Hz noise.Therefore, in next narration, i.e., with two brains It is described based on electrode.
In addition, since breathing can have an impact autobnomic nervous system, so that the heartbeat also controlled by autonomic nerve Change, i.e., so-called sinus arrhythmia (Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia, RSA), that is, intake period It can make the phenomenon that palpitating quickly and then slowing down heartbeat during breathing, therefore, can obtain user's by measuring heart rate Respiratory behavior.In general, when breathing is in synchronous regime (synchronization) with heartbeat each other, so that it may by right The variation of Respiratory behavior mode is analyzed and learnt to heart rate sequence, and in the present invention, for obtaining the sensing of heart rate sequence Implementable unit is optical sensor or electrocardioelectrode, wherein optical sensor refers to photocell and light-receiving member Part, and the sensor of optical signal is obtained using PPG (photoplethysmography) principle, detecting pulse can be passed through Consecutive variations and learn heart rate sequence, for example, by penetration or reflective measurement method, and electrocardioelectrode is then that can obtain Electrocardiogram, and then obtain heart rate sequence.
Also, after obtaining heart rate sequence, HRV (Heart Rate Variability, heart rate variability rate) can be also carried out Analysis, and HRV analysis is then to learn one of movable common approach of autobnomic nervous system, for example, frequency-domain analysis can be carried out (Frequency domain) can to obtain the general power (Total Power, TP) that can be used to assess whole heart rate variability degree It reacts the active high frequency power of parasympathetic nerve (High Frequency Power, HF), sympathetic activity can be reacted or hands over Sense nerve regulates and controls the low frequency power (Low Frequency Power, LF) of result with parasympathetic nerve simultaneously, and can react LF/HF (low high frequency power ratio) of sympathetic/parasympathetic active balance etc., in addition, can also lead to after carrying out frequency analysis It crosses the state of observed frequency distribution and learns the harmonious degree that autonomic nerve operates;Alternatively, time-domain analysis (Time can also be carried out Domain), the SDNN that can be used as the index of whole heart rate variability degree is obtained, can be used as the index of long-term whole heart rate variability degree SDANN, can be used as the RMSSD of the index of short-term whole heart rate variability degree, and can be used to assess high among heart rate variability degree R-MSSD, NN50 and PNN50 etc. of frequency variation.Therefore, can also by analyze heart rate sequence learn nervous physiology feedback and/ Or Respiratory control is for influence caused by autobnomic nervous system.
Therefore under idea of the invention, brain activity information, autonomic nerve action message and Respiratory behavior mode that This complements each other, it is possible to provide more comprehensively and effectively nervous physiology feedback system, maximization carry out self-consciousness regulation to user It can achieve the effect that.Moreover, can also obtain the information in relation to blood oxygen concentration in the case of using optical sensor, facilitate It is further understood that the physiological status of user.
In actual implementation, as shown in Figure 1, wearable physiology detection apparatus 10 according to the present invention is main by one It wears structure 14 and device is set on user's head, and it uses the configuration of electrode for encephalograms cooperation optical sensor, wherein should Device 10, which has, wears the host 12 that structure 14 is carried, interior accommodating all one's life reason signal acquisition circuit, to pass through brain electricity by this Electrode and optical sensor and obtain physiological signal, therefore, which will include, but be not limited to, some For reaching the common electronics element of measurement, for example, processor, at least one A/D converter, filter, amplifier etc., due to These are all common content to those skilled in the art, therefore are repeated no more.
In addition, two electrode for encephalograms are to wear structure by this to be arranged on the head of user, for example, being set to head Wear the inner surface of structure, with the sample point on contact head, for example, common sample point include Fp1, Fp2, O1, O2 etc. or Any position according to defined in 10-20 system, and then EEG signals are obtained, here, the setting position of electrode for encephalograms and number Amount can be determined according to the purpose of the nervous physiology feedback carried out, for example, can increase the quantity of active electrode and believe more The measurement of road EEG signals, therefore, there is no limit.
In the present invention, which is implemented as dry-type electrode, for example, stainless steel, conductive fiber, conductive rubber, Conducting foam, the various metals such as Signa Gel or conductive materials, therefore, user can be by way of directly contacting scalp skin And EEG signals are obtained, without traditional wet electrode problem encountered, for example, it is desired to be needed using conductive paste and electrode glutinous The problems such as patch, therefore can not only increase ease of use, also promote the use wish of user.In addition, this wear structure can be real It applies as various forms, can be headband (head band) form as illustrated in the drawing, or be also possible to other forms, example Such as, common head cap (headgear) or glasses form etc. when general EEG is measured, as long as can be set on head and ensure The setting position of electrode for encephalograms and the contact between skin, for example, common structure of wearing can all be designed to surround Therefore form around cranium (skullcap), has various to be easy to for electrode being arranged in the corticocerebral sample point of correspondence May, there is no limit.
In addition, the optical sensor can also wear any position that structure is arranged at simultaneously on user's head by this, For example, contact forehead, to obtain continuous pulse variation;Alternatively, alternatively, as shown in Fig. 2, the optical sensor can also connect by one Wiring and extend this and wear except structure, be arranged on an ear, equally can easily obtain pulse consecutive variations, Also, according to actual measurement location and consideration can also be implemented and select to use reflective or penetration measurement method, there is no limit.
Here, further, when the optical sensor is embodied as being set on ear, can also be worn by an ear structure into Row setting, for example, by ear clip (ear clip 16 in such as Fig. 2), ear-hang or earplug form, to fall near ear or ear Region, for example, ear-lobe, the inner face of auricle, such as cavity of concha and external auditory canal opening near zone, helix, the auricle back side, external auditory canal Region etc. near interior or ear and head capsule boundary, there is no limit.Also, structure is worn by using ear appropriate, can also be increased The fixed effect for adding sensor to be arranged, and then effectively promote the stability of acquired signal.
Additionally it is preferred that being, one of electrode for encephalograms also is embodied as setting and wears in structure in the ear, in particular, in brain In electro-detection field, ear due to construction and position all mutually separated with head, not vulnerable to the influence of brain activity, thus always by Be considered as one of the optimum position of setting reference electrode, so, by reference electrode be incorporated into ear wear in structure and with ear or ear The contact of piece near zone, is not only advantageous to obtain good EEG signals, does not also increase the complexity of configured in one piece, quite have Advantage.
For example, ear clip structure as shown in Figure 3A is in general easy for installation and is easy to reach the stable ear of contact Wear structure, as shown in the figure, optical sensor be embodied as being mounted on a photocell 141 on the opposite face inside ear clip and One light receiving element 142 is changed with obtaining continuous pulse using penetration measurement method, and the then same setting of electrode for encephalograms 143 In the inside of ear clip, the position of the ear skin of institute's sandwiched position can contact, in this way, pass through the machinery of clip itself Power, either optical sensor or electrode for encephalograms all can be stable be arranged on ear, it is not easy to generate movement, quite help In obtaining the second best in quality signal, it is more advantageous to acquisition and accurately analyzes result.
Wherein, when the optical sensor and electrode for encephalograms are set in the ear clip structure simultaneously, the setting position of the two Can there are many selections, for example, as shown in Figure 3A, the electrode for encephalograms is implementable for around photocell/light-receiving member Part and be arranged, alternatively, as shown in Figure 3B, which can also be provided separately with the photocell/light receiving element, and And it can be respectively provided with electrode on the both sides of ear clip, but, also to be embodied as only one as reference electrode and grounding electrode Electrode for encephalograms is arranged in the clip on side, as reference electrode, therefore, there is no limit, or further, as shown in Figure 3 C, light hair It penetrates element 141 and light receiving element 142 may be disposed at same one side, to obtain heart rate using reflection mode measurement, and brain electricity is electric Pole 143 is then set to another side.
Here, it is noted that the implementable any position to be located on ear of ear clip, that is, protrude from the ear of head capsule Wide any position, for example, ear-lobe, helix etc., also, its mechanical structure can also be changed according to practical sandwiched position, all Without limitation.
Therefore, physiological signal acquisition circuitry included in wearable physiology detection apparatus herein, so that it may be held in user During one nervous physiology Feedback section of row, by the way that this is worn structure setting in (and ear wears structure setting in ear on head On), and it is simply completed the installation of electrode and optical sensor, later, passed through by EEG signals acquired by electrode for encephalograms Cross after preset calculation formula calculated, can obtain the information of associated user brain activity, as provide user carry out from I realizes the basis of regulation, and can also obtain phase after the calculating of calculation formula by heart rate sequence acquired by optical sensor The information for closing user's Respiratory behavior mode, as the basis for providing and/or adjusting respiratory daoyin signal.
Furthermore Fig. 4 A is please referred to, shows wearable physiology detection apparatus according to the present invention using electrode for encephalograms to take EEG signals are obtained, and obtain the performance of heart rate sequence using electrocardioelectrode.In this embodiment, with the embodiment of Fig. 1 It is similar, sample point of the electrode for encephalograms by wearing structure and contact head, and at least two electrocardioelectrodes are in addition increased, such as scheme Shown in, one of electrocardioelectrode is to wear structure 181 by finger to be set on finger, and another electrocardioelectrode is then logical The skin for wearing structure and contact head is crossed, to reach the circuit of measurement electrocardiosignal, in this way, which user can be light Pine need not obtain electrocardiosignal in the case of force ground, and then obtain heart rate sequence.Alternatively, alternatively, wearing knot above by finger Structure and the electrocardioelectrode for contacting finger skin also are embodied as the skin of contact other body parts, for example, as shown in Figure 4 B, leading to The skin that wrist wears structure 182 and contacts wrist near zone is crossed, or structure 183 is worn by arm and contacts forearm or any portion of upper arm The skin divided, as shown in Figure 4 C, or the skin near contact neck, shoulder or back, knot is worn by a neck as Fig. 4 D is shown Structure 184 contacts the situation near the intersection of neck and shoulder, or the skin etc. at contact other positions of trunk, therefore, as long as Be can be formed together with the electrocardioelectrode on head electrocardiosignal capture circuit position all can, there is no limit.
Wherein, when electrocardioelectrode is set near neck, shoulder or back, it is used be used to maintain electrocardioelectrode with The wear structure contacted between skin is preferably embodied as having elasticity, for example, utilizing elastic metallic, conductive rubber, conduction The materials such as fiber, conducting foam are made, thus can meet the curve of neck and shoulder as far as possible, are more conducive to obtain stable electrocardio Signal.
In another preferred embodiment, being set to the electrocardioelectrode worn in structure can be also further embodied as and brain electricity electricity It is extremely shared, that is, by one of electrode of contact head skin and wearing structure while to be used as electrode for encephalograms and electrocardio Electrode, therefore, in addition to cost of manufacture and complexity can get other than reducing, can also increase because reducing the position that needs contact makes With convenience.
Furthermore alternatively, as shown in Figure 5A, can also two electrocardioelectrodes be all set in and wear in structure, in this case, Then implementable to be, an electrode is located at can wear the position that structure contacts skin by this, and another electrode 18 is then located at This, which is worn, exposes when structure is arranged on head without the position with skin contact, to allow user should by skin of upper extremity contact The mode of electrocardioelectrode and reach measurement electrocardiosignal measure loop, in this way, which the acquirement of electrocardiosignal will may depend on The demand of user, when measurement in need, only exposed electrode need to be contacted by upper limb can originate measurement, equally quite square Just.
In addition, the electrocardioelectrode may also set up and wear in structure in ear, as shown in Figure 5 B, for example, it can be ear and wear knot It is separately provided an electrocardioelectrode in structure and ear wears the exposed parts of structure and is arranged another electrocardioelectrode 18 again, such one Come, ear can also be worn to structure and be embodied as dismountable form, when user reconnects use whenever necessary;Alternatively, can also be such as It is preceding described, it is set to when one of electrode for encephalograms, which wears structure by ear, to be set on ear, while by electrocardioelectrode In, or this electrode for encephalograms is shared as electrocardioelectrode;Or an electrocardioelectrode also is embodied as and wearing structure Contact head skin, and another electrocardioelectrode is set to ear and wears on the exposed surface of structure, so that user's contact is surveyed Amount, therefore can have various combinations, there is no limit.Moreover, the ear wears which kind of form is structure be also not limited to, for example, ear clip, earplug Or ear-hang etc., it is all common implementable form.
Furthermore it can also be further embodied as that there is optical sensor and electrocardioelectrode simultaneously, it for example, can be such as Fig. 5 B institute The form of implementation shown, but in ear wear in structure while being arranged optical sensor and as the shared electricity of electrode for encephalograms and electrocardioelectrode Pole, then arrange in pairs or groups and wear another electrocardio electricity that another electrode for encephalograms in structure and position wear structure exposed parts in ear Optical sensor and electrocardioelectrode is arranged alternatively, also being embodied as ear and wearing in pole 18 in structure, and two electrode for encephalograms then pass through It wears structure and contact head skin, can be various embodiments.
And advantage possessed by such configuration mode is then, optical sensor obtains heart rate sequence cooperation electrocardioelectrode and obtains Electrocardiogram can reach convenient and the cardiac arrhythmia symptom that correctly judges effect.Since optical sensor can during wearing Continuously obtain pulse variation, therefore, so that it may by analyze pulse consecutive variations first screen whether with cardiac arrhythmia can It can, that is, it can be by analyzing continuous pulse it can be seen that heartbeat situation corresponding with pulse, and then whether intentionally filter out Uneven possibility is restrained, for example, early onset shrinks (Premature Beats), ventricular fibrillation (AF, Atrial Fibrillation), rapid heart beat (Tachycardia), heartbeat excessively slow (Bradycardia), heartbeat pause (Pause) etc. are each Kind symptom, however, will be unable to distinguish need to be sentenced by observing ecg wave form since the basis of analysis is continuous pulse Disconnected symptom, for example, early onset, which is shunk, is divided into early onset atrial contraction (the Premature atrial for betiding atrium Contractions, PAC), and early onset ventricular contraction (the Premature ventricular in ventricle occurs Contractions, PVC) two kinds, when both distinguishing, whether can usually be gone out by the shape of observation P wave and/or QRS wave It is now abnormal and to judge to shrink be from atrium or ventricle;In addition, since pulse is institute after heartbeat transmits in the blood vessel via blood It is measuring as a result, therefore its accuracy also can not be compared with electrocardiogram.
Therefore, design in this way, when finding the possibility for cardiac arrhythmia occur because analyzing pulse consecutive variations, only User need to be notified to have found the possibility of cardiac arrhythmia by notification signal in real time, then user can be contacted by hand naturally Exposed electrocardioelectrode or by electrocardioelectrode wear on finger, wear on wrist or contact other body parts mode, immediately Electrocardiosignal measurement is carried out, obtains the electrocardiogram for being likely to occur cardiac arrhythmia in real time, thus, so that it may precisely be judged whether true Appearance cardiac arrhythmia, it might even be possible to judge the type of cardiac arrhythmia, it is quite convenient.
Although also implementable here, it should be noted that as shown in the figure all for by the form for wearing structural bearing host For other forms, for example, the physiological signal acquisition circuitry can be directly arranged at and wear in structure and omit host, for example, the head Wear structure it is implementable be it is internal have accommodating space or be embodied as can the flexible circuit board etc. of bearer circuit therefore can be according to reality Border situation and change, there is no limit.
Furthermore Glasses structure in particular, can also be used and reach simultaneously around contact cranium and on ear or attached Close sample position, that is, headband, can be all substituted by glasses knot by all possible embodiments in earlier figures 1-2 and Fig. 4-5 Structure, this is because glasses are in wearing, the position that frame contacts naturally, which includes, but are not limited to nasal cushion, can contact nose The leading portion in region between beam, mountain root and/or two, earpiece can contact near temple, and earpiece back segment can contact auricle and head The part that V-type sunk area and earpiece between cranium fall in auricle rear can contact the skin at auricle rear, and these positions All it is the position of settable optical sensor and/or electrode, moreover, form in this way, is almost no different with glasses, can allows Detection device more incorporates in daily life, increases the use wish of user.
Refer in the Glasses structure that this is described, by auricle and nose is set on head as supporting point and meeting The wear structure contacted is generated with the skin of head and/or ear and is therefore not limited to general Glasses structure, also includes its change Shape for example can be the structure to head two sides tool grip force, or the contact after may be further extended to brain as occipital lobe area Point, alternatively, the asymmetric form of both sides mirror pin also is embodied as, for example, one side mirror pin has bending part in auricle rear, separately One side mirror pin does not have bending part then, and only frame also, can not also have eyeglass above auricle, therefore, have various possibilities, do not have Limitation.
And in the selection of material, other than the rigid material of such as glasses, it also is embodied as elastic material, not only may be used The stability for increasing electrode contact, also further provides for comfort, for example, using memory metal, deflection plastics material Matter etc. forms mirror holder, and/or elastic rubber, silica gel etc. are arranged at electrode contact locations, makes contact more stable, all unrestricted System.
As for the combination of optical sensor, electrode for encephalograms and/or electrocardioelectrode and Glasses structure, also there are various possibility.
Here, need to first illustrate, as previously mentioned, it is logical for also only having an electrocardioelectrode at least two electrocardioelectrodes Cross the Glasses structure and contact head and/or ear, another electrode can be arranged at a table exposed when wearing Glasses structure On face, for user hand touching and obtain electro-cardio signal, as shown in Figure 6A, or set by another object wearing device The other positions being placed in user, for example, neck, shoulder, back, arm, wrist, finger, chest etc., therefore, connect down Carry out mode of the described optical sensor/electrode in conjunction with Glasses structure, is at least two electrode for encephalograms or at least one Optical sensor or at least an electrocardioelectrode.
It for example, can be by optical sensor/electrode and required circuit (for example, processor, battery, wireless transport module Deng) be directly embedded in Glasses structure, for example, in earpiece, lens frame, to be reached by the movement for dressing Glasses structure The contact of electrode/sensor and head and/or ear, alternatively, optical sensor/electrode, electricity can also be reached by additional structure The configuration on road, for example, the additional structure 60 is implementable to extend from unilateral earpiece shown in Fig. 6 B, so that, for example, two Electrode for encephalograms, an electrocardioelectrode and/or optical sensor contact the contact point near unilateral auricle;Alternatively, the additional structure It is implementable and to there is an at least electrode respectively to extend from bilateral earpiece, with contact two pick up the ears near exterior feature at least two Which side a contact point is set to as electrocardioelectrode and/or optical sensor are then unlimited, in this respect to obtain brain electric signal Under, the electrical connection between two additional structures can be reached by Glasses structure, and required circuit then can be on demand and part or all of It is set in Glasses structure or the additional structure, in addition, further, the additional structure is implementable for form can be removed, to allow User's tool can selectively be detected additional structure is bound on Glasses structure again whenever necessary.Therefore, Ke Yiyou Various possibility, there is no limit.
Then, wearable physiology detection apparatus according to the present invention also is embodied as wearing structure by an ear and being set to making On the ear of user.For example, Fig. 7 A-7B shows the ear-wearing type physiology detection device of electrode for encephalograms cooperation optical sensor 20 exemplary implementation example, in the embodiment of Fig. 7 A, which wears structure and is embodied as the cooperation ear clip structure of ear hook structure 21 22, wherein the ear clip structure 22 is located on ear-lobe, using the position as setting optical sensor and reference electrode for encephalograms, and Effective electrode for encephalograms is then can be with ear or ear such as shell 23 positioned at the other parts that the ear hook structure 21 or the ear wear structure The other positions of piece near zone skin contact, EEG signals can be obtained as principle, that is, may detect that cerebral cortex is movable Position;In addition, in the embodiment of Fig. 7 B, which wears structure and is then embodied as ear hook structure 21 with closing ear phone structure 24, wherein Optical sensor and reference electrode for encephalograms are set on the ear phone structure, to pass through near the contact inside and outside ear canal mouth of external auditory canal, And/or the positions such as cavity of concha and obtain signal, and effectively electrode for encephalograms be embodied as be located at worn in the ear hook structure 21 or the ear The other parts of structure, for example, shell 25, can obtain the position of EEG signals with ear or ear near zone skin contact It sets, therefore, the form of implementation has various possibility.Moreover, also being embodied as by single ear hook structure, that is, only ear-hang, ear clip or Ear phone structure completes the setting of electrode for encephalograms and optical sensor, unrestricted.
In addition, as shown in Figure 8 A, the ear for also being embodied as electrode for encephalograms cooperation electrocardioelectrode wears form physiology detection apparatus 30, in this embodiment, an electrocardioelectrode 31 be embodied as it is exposed, for user by skin of upper extremity contact reach electrocardio Signal detection circuit, and another electrocardioelectrode is then embodied as wearing structure by the ear and contacts skin near ear or ear Skin, and it is shared with one of electrode for encephalograms that its is implementable, or is independently arranged, there is no limit as two electrode for encephalograms It is then implemented as contacting two that can obtain EEG signals near ear or ear by the ear hook structure 32 and/or shell 33 Position, that is, may detect that the movable position of cerebral cortex;Alternatively, ear clip structure can also be increased, for example, being sandwiched in ear-lobe or helix On, and shared reference electrode for encephalograms and electrocardioelectrode disposed therein, then match and close exposed electrocardioelectrode 31, and because of ear-hang Structure and the effective electrode for encephalograms for being set to sample position.
Furthermore the electrocardioelectrode for needing skin of upper extremity to contact also is embodied as by referring to that wearing structure is set on finger, As shown in Figure 8 B, it or is set in wrist, or is set to the position near arm, neck, shoulder or back, such as Fig. 4 D I.e. display wears the case where structure contacts neck, shoulder or skin of back by neck, to provide further convenience, certainly, It also is embodied as contacting other physical feelings, for example, trunk is also selectable position.
Further, similarly, it also is embodied as being provided with electrode for encephalograms simultaneously, optical sensor and electrocardioelectrode Ear-wearing type physiology detection device 40, as shown in figure 9, optical sensor can be fixed on ear-lobe by ear clip 42, an electrocardio electricity Pole 41 is embodied as the exposed form for skin of upper extremity contact, and another electrocardioelectrode is then embodied as being located inside ear clip 42, Or the other positions of ear or ear near zone are contacted by ear hook structure 43 and/or shell 44, in addition, institute as above It states, it is possible that electrode for encephalograms also has different implementation, for example, can be also disposed on reference electrode in ear clip 42, or further implements It is shared with the electrocardioelectrode in ear clip;Or structure worn by ear and/or shell reaches two electrode for encephalograms and skin Contact, therefore, there is no limit.
Here, to illustrate the specific position of settable electrode on auricle, auricle shown in Fig. 10 is please referred to (auricle, also referred to as pinna) structure, wherein in the cymba (superior concha) and cavity of concha of auricle inner face Around (inferior concha), have from concha auriculae bottom (concha floor) (that is, the plane for being parallel to head) to On be connected to a vertical area of anthelix (antihelix) and antitragus (antitragus), referred to as concha auriculae wall (concha wall), the native physiological structure of this ear just provide the continuous level perpendicular to concha auriculae bottom, in addition, It is next to below concha auriculae wall, the intertragic incisure (intertragic notch) between antitragus and tragus, and tight Adjacent tragus (tragus), is also provided that the contact area perpendicular to concha auriculae bottom.
It finds during the experiment, this continuous vertical area being made of concha auriculae wall, intertragic incisure and tragus, It is more excellent other than acquired brain electric signal intensity is sufficient for relevant brain electric signal and analyzes and provide brain activity information It is gesture that when using this region as electrode contact locations, strength required for fixed electrode can be parallel to concha auriculae bottom Strength, in particular, when being embodied as earplug form, by supporting strength, energy between earplug and the protrusion and recess of auricle inner face Naturally reach the steady contact between electrode and this vertical area simultaneously.
In addition, experiment in, it was also found that the intensity of brain electric signal acquired by the back side of auricle be also sufficient for it is relevant Brain activity information is analyzed and provided to brain electric signal, and this contact position is then suitble to use ear-hang form or glasses form.Generally For, a component would generally be respectively set in the front of auricle and rear in the implementation of ear-hang form, and is mostly by between the two Interaction force and achieve the effect that be fixed on auricle, therefore, when electrode contact locations selection at the auricle back side, will just Meet the force direction of interaction force, the natural steady contact that can reach between electrode and dorsum auriculae surface skin.
And when using glasses form, V-type recess and/or dorsum auriculae surface skin portion on the upper side between auricle and head, exactly The position that earpiece can contact, in addition, if it is inclined to can contact the auricle back side when earpiece end is embodied as curvature increase The skin of lower part can equally reach the steady contact of electrode naturally.
Furthermore Figure 11 is please referred to, is cerebral cortex position and the schematic diagram with auricle position, You Tuzhong in head It is found that cerebral cortex falls in the upper half of head, auricle is then position in the two sides of head, and is protruded from outside head, wherein substantially For, it is to separate with ear canal (ear canal), the position of top auricle falls in corticocerebral side, and auricle institute in lower section is right Then without cerebral cortex inside the head answered.
And also found in experimental result, the inclined upper section in auricle part can measure good E.E.G signal, and more past Then brain electric signal is weaker for lower section, should be because inside head corresponding to the auricle of top just after the physiological make-up on observation head It is corticocerebral position, therefore in this case, pass through the transmitting of skull, Ear cartilage, so that it may E.E.G is measured on the top of auricle, And the auricle of lower part then because apart from cerebral cortex farther out, along with the interval of ear canal, therefore, the brain electric signal intensity of more past lower section Become weaker, therefore in the present invention, when using auricle (inner face and the back side) as brain electric signal sample position, in principle, It is boundary with ear canal, top auricle part is considered as that the position of brain electric signal can be measured, suitable setting active electrode, and lower section ear It is wide then be considered to be the faint position of brain electric signal, it is suitble to setting reference electrode.
Herein, it should be noted that when wearing form using ear, which can be as Figure 6-Figure 8, It is placed in the ear to wear in the shell that structure is carried, or the ear that is placed in is worn in structure and shell, but unrestrictedly, also is embodied as Ear is contained directly in without shell to wear in structure, for example, in ear hook structure, ear phone structure and/or ear clip structure, therefore, Can have a various possibility, also, ear wears that structure is implementable to be combined to be single or multiple, that is, can using only ear clip, ear-hang, Or ear phone structure, also in combination with both or three combination unit, electrode and sensor setting, can according to actual implementation situation and Variation, there is no limit.
In a preferred embodiment, the electrode and/or optical sensor being set near ear and/or ear, then be embodied as It is attached in the way of magnetic force on ear, for example, using two components magnetically attracted each other across ear, and Mode that electrode and/or sensor are set on two components or in which a component is reached, here, two components are implementable For with magnetism, for example, there is magnetisable material inside or by way of itself is magnetisable material, or it is embodied as by can Made by material by magnetic attraction, for example, it can be embodied as with a component with magnetic force, and another component can be by magnetic Gravitational attraction is each implemented as alternatively, can also be two components with magnetic force, can have various implementations possible, there is no limit.
It, can also be in adding action sensing element in device, for example, accelerometer, to learn in another preferred embodiment Situation of movement of the user during measurement, for example, the situation of movement of ear, head and/or entire body, it as a result, can be right Measured physiological signal, for example, EEG signals, electrocardiosignal and/or light sensing signal, are corrected, for example, can be used to school Jitter caused by just being moved because of head or body, and then allow the information content for being supplied to user closer to practical feelings Condition helps to promote nervous physiology feedback effect achieved.
In particular, also structure can be worn further combined with Glasses structure and ear, to be used to that electrode and/or light sensing is arranged Device, for example, can extend an earplug or ear clip or Glasses structure by Glasses structure has Single port, to be electrically connected an earplug Or ear clip for example, is being embodied as electrode for encephalograms cooperation optical sensor in this way, just there is more operational feasibilities Under situation, it can be contacted between V-type recess, the auricle back side, temple, the bridge of the nose and/or two, mountain root by the electrode on Glasses structure Electrode on region and ear phone structure contacts concha auriculae wall, intertragic incisure and/or tragus and obtains brain electric signal, as light It senses it then and can have and be selectively arranged at Glasses structure or ear is worn in structure;All it is arranged alternatively, also being embodied as electrode for encephalograms In on Glasses structure, and optical sensor is then to wear in structure in ear;In addition, in the feelings for being embodied as electrode for encephalograms cooperation electrocardioelectrode Under shape, then be can have exposed electrocardioelectrode to be selectively set to Glasses structure or ear is worn on the exposed surface of structure, then With closing the electrocardioelectrode being set on the inside of Glasses structure, user can whenever necessary again by port connect a upper earplug/ Ear clip and the acquisition for carrying out electro-cardio signal therefore, can be with still further, the ear is worn and can also incorporate optical sensor in structure There are various forms of implementation, there is no limit.
In addition, also being embodied as having other than being set to ear and wearing structure, wear structure, the electrode for encephalograms on Glasses structure Have other electrode for encephalograms, for example, can be worn from ear structure, wear structure, Glasses structure extends and is set to other positions of head The electrode set, for example, the brain electric signal in frontal lobe area can be obtained by being set to forehead, the brain telecommunication in top area can be obtained by being set to the crown Number, and/or the brain electric signal in occipital lobe area etc. can be obtained after being set to head, and be more particularly wherein, when being embodied as glasses When form, the electrode at head rear can also be reached in such a way that earpiece extends back, therefore, can be according to actual demand difference And change, there is no limit;In addition, when electrode setting position has hair, such as after the crown, brain, then may be selected using needle-shaped Electrode or other can pass through hair obtain signal electrode, to increase ease of use.
In addition, other physiological signals can also be detected additionally, for example, can detect other in progress physiological feedback program The physiological signal of Shi Jingchang monitoring, for example, the electrodermal activity (EDA, the Electrodermal that are influenced by autonomic nerve Activity), end slightly limb temperature etc., using as providing the reference of feedback information, for example, can except brain activity information, It is additionally provided the related movable information of autonomic nerve, carries out nerve alternatively, the two can be comprehensively considered and then provide user Information needed for physiological feedback, if can the correct and real-time physiological status of effectively expressing, be all selectable mode.
Moreover, because the activity of the height of blood pressure and autonomic nerve has certain relationship, it is however generally that, sympathetic activity Increase will cause pressure rise, therefore, can cooperate light sensor by electrocardioelectrode, obtain pulse wave passing time (Pulse Transit Time, PTT), then, calculate the pressure value of reference by relationship specific between PTT and pressure value, such one Come, so that it may the real-time blood pressure trend of user is provided during feedback, or the pressure value before and after Feedback section is provided, with Allow user understand nervous physiology feedback be made whether blood pressure is impacted;In addition, similarly, setting two can also be passed through A optical sensor separately in an optical sensor is arranged on finger, and is passed by calculating pulse wave at two for example, other than head/ear Time difference for passing and obtain same information.
Then, in the present invention, brain activity information and respiratory daoyin signal be by one can perceptual signal generate Source and be supplied to user.By this can communication between perceptual signal generating source and wearable physiology detection apparatus, for example, logical Cross the wireless communication mode as bluetooth, WiFi etc., this can perceptual signal generating source just can receive from being set on head The input of physiology detection apparatus, and it is supplied to user in real time, thus may achieve nervous physiology feedback loop.
Here, this can perceptual signal generating source be embodied as by vision can perceptual signal or aural perceptible signal, and/ Or tactile can perceptual signal and the movable information of user's associative brain and respiratory daoyin signal are provided, for example, hair can be passed through Light color, luminous intensity, sound, the variation of voice, and/or vibration etc., there is no limit;Also, this can perceptual signal generating source Form of implementation can there are many selection, for example, this can perceptual signal generating source can distinguishingly be embodied as an independent hair Body of light, for example, the object of a sphere or an any shape, or it is embodied as the device with display and/or vocal function, for example, Mobile phone, wrist-watch, lithographic computer and personal computer etc., or be embodied as wear can be shown in it, sounding, or generate vibration Dynamic device, for example, unilateral earphone, bilateral earphone, glasses etc..
Alternatively, this can perceptual signal generating source also be embodied as it is combined aobvious with the wearable physiology detection apparatus Show unit, sound module, and/or vibration mould group etc., for example, either structure is worn in use or ear wears structure, this can feel Know that signal generating source is all implementable to wear structure/ear to extend from this and wear a display element of structure, a light emitting source and/or one Earphone etc. to carry electrode for encephalograms and heart rate sensing unit, and shows information, example by eyeglass for example, implementable is a glasses Such as, it guide-lighting can show color change to eyeglass, or eyeglass is embodied as with display function etc., and/or by being incorporated into eye Earphone near mirror pin provides sound, voice etc.;Alternatively, an earphone also is embodied as, in carrying electrode for encephalograms and heart rate sensing While unit, information is provided also by sound or voice, and/or re-extends out a display element or light emitting source at the moment, with Visual perception signal etc. is provided;As long as in addition, have the position of contact all implementable for vibration can be generated with skin, for example, can be with It is that earpiece contacts temporal position or earphone while having vibrating function etc..Therefore, there is no limit.
So when user executes a nervous physiology feedback process using wearable physiology detection apparatus of the invention When, by taking Fig. 1 as an example, which is set on head, to wear the electrode for encephalograms of inside by being set to Obtain user E.E.G and optical sensor obtain heart rate sequence, and then be implemented as illuminator can perceptual signal produce Source of students is set to the position that eyes can be seen naturally in front of body, and physiology detection apparatus and the illuminator on head is made to carry out ditch It is logical, in this way, can start to carry out nervous physiology feedback process.
Here, due to combining respiration exercise and nervous physiology feedback, as previously mentioned, based on respiration exercise It carries out, user's respiratory daoyin signal need to be provided, and fed back based on nervous physiology, then need offer user's reaction to execute nerve raw Reason feedback and the information of physiological activity to change, and the illuminator is the medium being to provide.
In this embodiment, the signal that user can be allowed to perceive caused by the illuminator includes luminous intensity and shines Color, wherein luminous intensity is to show respiratory daoyin, and luminescent color is then to show the letter of associated user brain activity Breath.
Since the purpose of respiratory daoyin signal is that allowing user to be followed by breathes, therefore it is required to show air-breathing With feel elated and exultant between difference, therefore, which is that air-breathing and company venting one's pent-up feelings are represented by the strong and weak consecutive variations of luminous intensity Continuous variation, for example, gradually increasing the guiding as gradually air-breathing using luminous intensity, and is gradually weakened using luminous intensity as gradually Guiding venting one's pent-up feelings, in this way, which user can clearly and easily carry out compressing therewith.
When carrying out to loosen the nervous physiology feedback process for target, one of which selection is α wave institute in observation E.E.G The ratio accounted for.In E.E.G, it is however generally that, indicate that human body is in the waking state loosened when α wave dominance, therefore pass through observation α wave proportion is it can be seen that the degree loosened.Accordingly, after starting to carry out nervous physiology feedback process, illuminator offer is exhaled Guiding (passing through the consecutive variations of luminous intensity) is inhaled, to guide user to adjust its breathing, meanwhile, the physiology inspection on Dai Yutou The detection that device also carries out E.E.G is surveyed, and acquired E.E.G can obtain an analysis knot then after the calculating of a calculation formula Fruit, for example, α wave proportion, and the information of one associated user brain activity of generation based on the analysis results, then, the hair Body of light changes its luminescent color according to the information of the associated user brain activity.
For example, can program at the beginning when first obtain an a reference value, for example, the percentage of the total E.E.G energy of α wave Zhan, Resulting result will be analyzed again later to be compared with a reference value, with obtain with the relationship between a reference value, for example, ratio increase It adds deduct few, and the illuminator can convey its physiology to user in real time by the change of luminescent color based on this The change situation of state is such as more loosened closer to blue expression for example, indicating using multiple color, indicates closer to red It is more nervous, can also be using the depth of same color as foundation, the more shallow representative of color is more loosened, and color is deeper, and representative is more nervous, so One, user very simply can learn that the physical and mental statuse of oneself is nervous or loosens by the change of color, and It follows and also carries out self-consciousness regulation (self-regulation) while respiratory daoyin, and tend to luminescent color further The target more loosened.
Alternatively, can also by observe energy balance situation and the synchronism of the brain activity at different brain positions come The degree of relaxation or mood state of consciousness of human body are solved, for example, when there are positive emotional reactions in human body, left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex skin Matter area can be activated, and when there is negative emotions reaction, Ze You prefrontal cortex area can be activated, therefore, so that it may by detecing Survey, for example, the EEG signals of the position Fp1 and Fp2 and understand this two-part cerebral cortex activity condition;In addition, also grinding Study carefully display, when human brain is in the synchronous state of α wave, the state that can reach Clear consciousness and loosen therefore can be by detecting not With the brain activity at brain position, for example, the related pillow of Fp1 prefrontal lobe related with Fp2 area, C3 top related with C4 area, O1 and O2 Leaf area and T3 temporal lobe related with T4 area etc., and understand whether brain is in synchronous regime.In this case, for example, lead to The position that electrode for encephalograms in structure is worn in adjustment is crossed, or wears knot using two ears with electrode for encephalograms of the same device Structure is placed on two ears, or be placed on two ears using two ear-wearing type physiology detection devices etc., it is all available The brain activity situation at different brain positions.
And further, when the target of nervous physiology feedback is to loosen, is analyzed and obtained for heart rate sequence Autonomic nerve activity condition also can be used as the basis of adjustment luminescent color, for example, when parasympathetic activity increase and/or pair When the ratio of sympathetic activity and sympathetic activity increases, indicate that physical relaxation degree increases, therefore, so that it may this comprehensive information With the movable information of associative brain and assess the allowance of user's body together, and then adjust the luminous face for feeding back to user Color change.
Furthermore since RSA information can be obtained by heart rate sequence, therefore observable heart rate is gone back, breathing and EEG signals Between synchronism (synchronization), with the foundation as feedback.It is exhaled according to studies have shown that and air-breathing will cause blood The fluctuation of blood flow in managing, and this fluctuation also can reach brain with blood flow, in turn result in E.E.G close to the low of respiratory rate Frequency section, for example, be lower than 0.5 hertz, fluctuation, therefore, in addition to it can be seen that whether because of resonant interaction reaching synchronization between the two Property outside, can also therefore by observe E.E.G learn breathing pattern, in addition, the SA node and vascular system due to heart are restrained oneself The regulation of nervous system, moreover, autobnomic nervous system also can be by pressure receiver system (baroreceptor system) by the heart The change of rate and blood pressure is fed back into brain, and then influences the function and running of brain, for example, influencing cerebral cortex, and can be by EEG It measures, along with control breathing can cause alteration in heart rate because influencing autonomic nerve consciously, therefore, there is that between three This relationship influenced, therefore, good synchronism can represent human body and be in the state more loosened, accordingly, this phase between three The analysis result for closing synchronism, which equally can be used as, provides user's information for carrying out self-consciousness adjustment, anti-to carry out nervous physiology Feedback.
In addition, also being embodied as learning the breathing pattern of user by the fluctuation for observing blood flow, for example, can pass through The optical sensor being set on the positions such as ear, forehead obtains pulse variation, and then learns the variation of blood flow.
In addition, the ratio of observation θ wave and β wave then may be selected when to improve concentration as target.In E.E.G, β wave is accounted for It indicates that human body is in awake and nervous state when advantage, and then indicates that human body is in when θ wave dominance and loosen and realize interruption State, therefore, can by improve β wave relative to the ratio of θ wave achieve the purpose that improve concentration, for example, treatment ADHD One of method of (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder) patient It is to observe its θ wave/β wave ratio in such a way that nervous physiology is fed back.Accordingly, started using system of the invention into After row nervous physiology feedback process, which provides respiratory daoyin signal (passing through the consecutive variations of luminous intensity), with guidance User adjusts its breathing, meanwhile, the upper physiology detection apparatus of Dai Yutou also carries out the detection of E.E.G, with further analyze θ wave with And the ratio of β wave, for example, the ratio of θ wave and the β wave difference total E.E.G energy of Zhan, or θ/θ+β and β/θ+β etc. are calculated, it Afterwards, based on the analysis results and generate an associated user brain activity state information, and the illuminator i.e. with the associated user Based on the information of brain activity, and convey the change feelings of its brain function to user in real time by the change of luminescent color Condition indicates that concentration is lower closer to blue for example, indicating using multiple color, indicates that concentration is higher closer to red, Can also be using the depth of same color as foundation, color more shallowly represents that concentration is lower, and color is deeper, and the concentration that represents is higher, so One, user very simply can learn whether the concentration of oneself improves by the change of color, and follow breathing It is also carried out while guiding self-consciousness regulation (self-regulation), and so that luminescent color is further tended to raising and be absorbed in Target.
And other than the ratio of observation θ wave and β wave, cortical slow potential (SCP, slow cortical potential) It is the nervous physiology feedback for improving concentration, for example, when treatment ADHD patient, the brain activity often observed, wherein SCP's Negative offset (negative shift) is relevant to the forward migration (positive of the attention and SCP relatively concentrated Shift) then it is relevant to the attention of reduction.
Here, brain activity representated by the luminescent color, implementable is various possibility, for example, can as described above with Loosening after converting is absorbed in degree as variation foundation, or can be used to indicate the variation of physiological signal, for example, α wave institute Ratio variation accounted for etc., therefore, there is no limit.Moreover, the variation pattern of luminescent color is also without certain limitation, it is preferred that emphasis is allow User can be simple and oneself physiological status is well understood, and user can be driven to carry out self-consciousness regulation whereby, To reach targeted physiological condition.
Therefore, device through the invention, user naturally enough in conjunction with Respiratory control and can pass through self-consciousness The program for controlling and influencing brain activity, without particularly learning procedure, and wherein critically important reason is that this can be perceived Caused by signal generating source can perceptual signal include two kinds of information, for example, the single illuminator is produced in Fig. 1 embodiment Raw vision can perceptual signal respiratory daoyin signal and real-time physiological be demonstrated by by luminous intensity and luminescent color respectively Two kinds of information of state.
In the prior art, when carrying out nervous physiology feedback, the feedback system of user would generally be embodied as, lifted For example, mobile object is generated with the effect for executing nervous physiology feedback, for example, the skyborne balloon that floats, works as body When body more loosens, balloon floats higher;Or the figure of variation is generated with physiological status, for example, can be because of body increasingly Loosen and continues blooming flower piece;Or directly display the change of measurement numerical value;And provide mode then more implementations of respiratory daoyin For example, by the waveforms stands air-breathing of dipping and heaving and to feel elated and exultant.Therefore, when combine both when, user be easy to because It is excessively complicated, change visual display mode that is excessive or not allowing intelligible numerical value and be interfered, or even can increase instead The stress of user, effect do not rise anti-drop.
So the present invention is when considering how that providing information gives user, i.e., aiming at the problem that above-mentioned these are likely to occur It has selected to simplify complexity as far as possible in such a way that single a object indicates two kinds of information, user is not allowed to generate spirit Burden also allows user to be easy for that the present apparatus can be used.Advantage possessed by disclosed display mode includes:
1. the size variation of luminous intensity, similar with the representation of general rhythm, the rhythm, user is without thinking Conversion can be guided intuitively and control air-breathing and feel elated and exultant.
2. luminescent color is the physiological status representation being readily appreciated that for user, compared to directly offer number Value variation, human body is for indicating the change of degree, grade using color category and/or depth variation etc., it is easy to which generation is recognized The same feeling, therefore can respond more naturally and make self-consciousness regulation.
3. the focus of vision only has one, the problem of not having in conjunction with two programs and need to pay attention to two focuses, more have Help focus on.
Therefore, in conjunction with the issuable complexity of two kinds of programs institute, by it is well-designed can perceptual signal manifestation mode, It can be excluded, not only effectively reduce the burden sense of user when in use, the novelty for also therefore having reached effect addition is anti- Present program.
And other than luminous intensity and luminescent color variation are provided using the form of single illuminator, other tools can also be passed through The device of display function and reach, for example, can be the light emitting source on a screen, for example, tablet computer, mobile phone, Wrist-watch, screen of personal computer etc., further, which also is embodied as a part of image, for example, humanoid image Head or abdominal region etc. facilitate user and imagine intracorporal activity in self-consciousness regulation, in addition, in addition to entity Outside the form of light source, aperture slot is good form of implementation, for example, the aperture of humanoid head similarly help to user into The row imagination.And when being embodied as such as light emitting source or aperture on above-mentioned screen, it can also further pass through the diameter of light emitting region Size variation indicates the variation of luminous intensity, to reinforce guidance air-breathing and effect venting one's pent-up feelings.It therefore, can be according to actual implementation situation And changed, there is no limit.
In addition, aural perceptible signal can also be additionally provided, for example, sound or voice, with user need to close one's eyes into When row Feedback section, another selection is provided, for example, air-breathing and company venting one's pent-up feelings can be represented by the intensity of volume Continuous variation, and by different sound types, for example, tweedle, sound of sea wave etc., or different songs and represent different physiology State;Alternatively, can also indicate that user carries out air-breathing and feels elated and exultant by voice, and physiological status is represented by sound frequency height, For example, the sound of more high frequency indicates more nervous, more low frequency indicates more loosens, therefore, there is no limit.Also, aural perceptible Signal is implementable for that perceptual signal generating source and/or can be provided by the wearable physiology detection apparatus by this, also without limit System.
As for the respiratory daoyin signal, also the same there are many operational feasibilities.In general respiration exercise, respiratory daoyin letter Number type be broadly divided into three kinds, one is to preset fixed respiratory variations mode, for example, respiratory rate is set as fixed per minute 8 times;One is the default respiratory variations mode changed over time, for example, respiratory rate is set as in 1 15 minutes section Front 5 minutes 10 times per minute, it is 5 minutes 8 times per minute and last 5 minutes 6 times per minute intermediate;And it is another then for The respiratory variations mode of physiological status and dynamic change.Therefore, in the present invention, the respiratory daoyin signal is default in addition to can provide Outside for respiratory variations mode that is fixed and changing over time, pass through brain telecommunications acquired by the wearable physiology detection apparatus Number and/or heart rate sequence, the respiratory daoyin signal can be embodied as with physiological status and dynamic change, with provide more effectively draw Lead respiratory variations mode of the user towards targeted physiological condition.
The mode that the physiological status of user influences the respiratory daoyin signal also has a variety of different implementations to select.Citing and It says, can learn the practical Respiratory behavior of user by analyzing heart rate sequence, and then learn the difference between steering signal, and Respiratory daoyin signal is adjusted accordingly, for example, the respiratory rate as user itself has been lower than speed provided by respiratory daoyin signal Rate can reduce the respiratory rate of respiratory daoyin signal at this time, to guide user further to promote the effect of physiological feedback.
Alternatively, the situation of autonomic nerve activity can also be learnt to heart rate sequence progress HRV analysis, and then deduce user Degree of relaxation, when degree of relaxation increased and maintain stablize when, respiratory daoyin signal it is implementable for further decrease breathing speed Rate, for example, from 8-10 times per minute, be down to it is 6-8 times per minute, to further increase degree of relaxation;Alternatively, also being embodied as When the degree of relaxation of user has reached target or the control of breathing steadily coincide respiratory daoyin when, cease breathing The offer of steering signal, and allow user can be absorbed in carry out self-consciousness regulation, only discovery breathing again occur it is unstable or Degree of relaxation reduces again when, just start to carry out respiratory daoyin again, therefore, there is no limit.
In addition, specially allowing user to replace by the presence or absence of the offer of respiratory daoyin signal in particular, also be embodied as Ground carries out Respiratory control and changes the program of physiological status by self-consciousness regulation.Worked as according to studies have shown that and is led to When crossing self-consciousness regulation and influencing the program of physiological status, if breathing can be in smooth and stable state, feeds back and produced Raw effect can get addition, therefore, allow user's habit should and intermittently first providing respiratory daoyin signal for a period of time Breathing pattern to reach the stabilization of breathing, and then by the guiding that ceases breathing, and allows user to be accustomed in continuity naturally Breathing pattern under be merely absorbed in and carry out self-consciousness regulatory process, such process can will further promote the effect of feedback Fruit.
Moreover, because influence of the respiration exercise for autonomic nerve has deferred reaction, therefore, by the way that guiding is supplied intermittently The mode of signal, then the characteristic for cooperating the present invention to combine respiration exercise and self-consciousness regulatory process, can lead not providing breathing Draw and allow respiration exercise to autonomic nerve influence present during, easily allow user carry out self-consciousness regulatory process, And the effect of respiration exercise is allowed to obtain addition.
Here, respiration exercise and self-consciousness regulatory process replace conversion, that is, the offer of respiratory daoyin signal, it can be such as It is upper to be determined describedly according to the physiological status of user, it is also possible to according to preset time interval, fixedly switches over, There is no limit.In addition, can also be further embodied as when by the way of fixed switching, respiratory daoyin signal is in breathing speed Switch between rate speed, for example, 6-8 times and per minute 10-12 times per minute, and such mode then can help to, for example, The training of concentration switching, reaches more flexible control ability.
In addition, it should be noted that it is that the respiratory daoyin signal (can that the offer mode of the respiratory daoyin signal is implementable Be it is default fixed, default change over time or dynamic change) be to be sent to this by the wearable physiology detection apparatus to perceive After signal generating source, for example, smartphone, tablet computer, smartwatch etc., then by this can perceptual signal generating source should Respiratory daoyin signal is supplied to user, so that user carries out respiration exercise;It can perceptual signal production alternatively, being also possible to this Source of students there is preset respiratory variations mode to be provided to user originally, but can further receive from the wearable physiology The input of detection device, and its respiratory daoyin signal is adjusted, therefore, there is no limit.
Conceive according to a further aspect of the invention, also is embodied as providing brain activity information by aural perceptible signal And respiratory daoyin signal.As shown in Fig. 2, user can breathe steering signal by the sound that mobile phone is presented and brain is living It moves information and adjusts the breathing of itself and carry out physiological feedback.
Here, may include to the aural perceptible signal for showing respiratory daoyin signal, but it is not limited to, it for example, can Using the time interval for generating voice signal as starting air-breathing and guiding venting one's pent-up feelings;Using changing for sound frequency or volume Become to represent air-breathing and consecutive variations venting one's pent-up feelings;Or air-breathing can be represented by different sound types and felt elated and exultant, for example, different Music track, or there are periodically variable voice files, for example, sound of sea wave etc., to allow user to adjust with its transformation Breathing;Or can also be informed by voice user's carry out air-breathing or feel elated and exultant, for example, by meet air-breathing and feel elated and exultant when Between " air-breathing " put and the instruction of " venting one's pent-up feelings " voice and guide the breathing pattern of user.
And when aural perceptible signal simultaneously be used to performance carry out physiological feedback needed for information when, it is same there are many Selection for example can use gradually getting higher or be lower indicating increasingly to tend to target for sound frequency or volume, or Person can have not yet been reached or have reached target by specific sound type or melody to represent;Alternatively, can also be accused by voice Know user's physiological feedback be made whether gradually tend to target.Therefore, as long as difference can be made with respiratory daoyin signal, There is no limit.
So one of embodiment is the serge generated using interval when the target of physiological feedback is to loosen body and mind Serge sound starts to carry out air-breathing or feel elated and exultant guiding user, and represents using the height of sound frequency the degree of relaxation of body, For example, audio is higher to indicate more nervous, and the audio the low, indicates more loosens, therefore, when user hears the bleep of high frequency When, so that it may follow and carry out air-breathing and it is venting one's pent-up feelings while, learn that oneself is still too nervous, needs to try every possible means to loosen body and mind, So even if equally can clearly allow user's two kinds of information contents of understanding simultaneously by single a voice signal.
Alternatively, another embodiment can be, air-breathing and consecutive variations venting one's pent-up feelings are represented using the power of wave volume, And the degree of relaxation of body is indicated using different sound types, for example, indicate that tensity is higher with tweedle, and with sea Voice of Waves expression is more loosened, and is equally the mode that can understand expression.
Wherein, aural perceptible signal can also be produced by the sounding module combined with wearable physiology detection apparatus It is raw, it is for example, implementable for wearing or ear wears the earphone that physiology detection apparatus combines, in this case, user is only Single a device need to be worn can also obtain the information such as feedback/respiratory daoyin, tool while obtaining physiological signal in it High mobility and convenience, and if be embodied as glasses or ear wears form, more aesthetics, be suitble to routine use, it is especially suitable Conjunction carries out eye closing Feedback section during commuting, quite convenient, and in particular, used sounding module, earphone are in addition to can be with It is that osteoacusis form can also be used outside general common air transmitted form, for example, bone, which can be used, passes formula earphone, can directly exists Osteoacusis loudspeaker are set at the position that mirror pin is contacted with skull, or extend bone conduction earphone from mirror pin, there is no limit.
It wherein, can be by the way that sounding component and/or radio reception element be arranged on Glasses structure when being embodied as glasses form The mode of (for example, microphone) and the function of earphone and/or microphone is provided, produce agaric is extended by earpiece alternatively, can also be used The mode of machine, here, in particular, used sounding component, earphone are in addition to can be general common air transmitted form Outside, osteoacusis form can also be used, for example, bone conduction earphone can be set directly at the position that mirror pin is contacted with skull, or Extend bone conduction earphone from mirror pin, there is no limit.
Furthermore conception according to a further aspect of the invention, also be embodied as by tactile can perceptual signal brain is provided Activity and respiratory daoyin signal, for example, implementable to remind user correctly to exhale and/or air-breathing using vibration signal Start time point, or only vibration is just generated when the preset target guiding signal of breathing pattern deviation for finding user is excessive Guiding etc.;In addition, different physiological status can also be indicated by the power of vibration, for example, when the target of physiological feedback is to put When loose body and mind, vibration more strong representation tensity is higher, and with increasingly loosening, the intensity of vibration also dies down therewith.
Here, tool is advantageously that when by the way of the sense of hearing and/or tactile guidance, user can be entire in Feedback section Upper eyes are more conducive to physical relaxation and breathing adjustment.
And further, also it is implementable be and meanwhile provide aural perceptible signal and tactile can perceptual signal, for example, It is reminded using vibration signal the time point of expiration and/or air-breathing, and using the variation of voice informing user physiological status, or Respiratory daoyin signal, and the physiological status etc. current by vibrating alert user are provided by sound, there is no limit, wherein Preferable embodiment is the earphone for having vibrating function, can not only be closed one's eyes, more can around not influencing other people in the case of into Row Feedback section, it is quite convenient.
Furthermore it is embodied as to link up with a portable electronic devices when according to the present invention, for example, with earphone jack, indigo plant The electronic devices such as the wired or wireless ways such as tooth and smartphone, tablet computer, smartwatch are linked up, and have hair In the case of sound component (air transmitted formula or osteoacusis formula) and radio reception element, ear-wearing type according to the present invention or spectacle dress It sets and just can be used as Handless, to be used to converse, in addition, further, passing through and vibration module being arranged, (air passes sounding component Conduction or osteoacusis formula), display element and light-emitting component etc., ear-wearing type according to the present invention or spectacle device can also be into One step is implemented to provide interface as the information of the portable electronic devices, for example, for providing call reminding, message notice etc., The daily life for more incorporating user, the offer as message can then be shown etc. various by sound, vibration, luminous, eyeglass Mode, there is no limit.
Next, conception according to a further aspect of the present invention, since the apparatus according to the invention is to use wearing form, because This, is suitable for use of as brain-computer interface, and mainly includes EEG signals and heart rate sequence in physiological signal detected Under situation, the mode that can be used for generating instruction has following several possible modes, for example, but does not limit, due to α wave in E.E.G Shared ratio, as the movement closed one's eyes and opened eyes varies widely, it is however generally that, when closing one's eyes, the ratio regular meeting of α wave is substantially It is promoted, accordingly, it is possible to this is as the foundation for generating instruction, in addition, when the setting position of electrode for encephalograms falls in ocular vicinity, For example, the bridge of the nose, mountain root, between two when the positions such as region, temple, similarly may detect that the movement of eye, obtaining eye movement letter Number (EOG), therefore, so that it may which by, for example, blink, ball etc. acts and assigns instruction in an instant;Furthermore since breathing is also human body The physiological activity that can control, and as previously mentioned, breathing can not only have an impact (that is, so-called RSA) to heart rate, E.E.G be will cause in the fluctuation of low frequency section, therefore, under framework of the invention, either detect brain wave signal or the detecting heart Rate sequence can all learn that user's Respiratory behavior mode changes therefrom, thus as the foundation for generating instruction, for example, using Person assigns instruction etc. and can be during specially elongating air-breathing, alternatively, heartbeat aberration rate can also be increased by deepening breathing, And then achieve the effect that increase RSA amplitude of vibration, using as the foundation for assigning instruction, therefore, there is no limit.
In addition, further, when with action sensing element is closed, for example, accelerometer, can also have and more assign finger Mode is enabled, for example, nodding up and down when above-mentioned various physiological phenomenons can cooperate again, the movement such as left-right rotation head, so that it may combine A greater variety of instructions out make application range wider, for example, can be applicable to reality-virtualizing game, intelligent glasses (Smart Glasses) etc., all it is very suitable to.
Furthermore the nervous physiology feedback that device is carried out according to the present invention is also suitble to incorporate in game, so, it is executing When, in addition to the variation of vision/auditory effect, for example, the color changed with physiological status, object kenel, personage, sound Deng by way of game, the content more interacted will be can provide, for example, can be by executing on mobile phone and/or computer One Games Software, increase with the interest that is interacted between user, and then promoted and use wish.For example, firstly, can be used point Numeral system degree, for example, score just can be used to show in a section, put if the target of nervous physiology feedback is to loosen body and mind The increase degree of pine, such as the increased ratio of α wave in E.E.G, furthermore, since physiological feedback has cumulative effect, when different Between, different the obtained score of section can accumulate calculating, in this way, which user easily can learn oneself by score The achievement that body is made great efforts helps to cultivate sense of accomplishment, and in the case, it can also further set attainable different score doors Bank, increases the challenge desire of user, also, can cooperate the concept at outpost, after reaching a door, that is, reaches next Outpost, and different functions etc. is opened, increase and use interest, is also promoted and use wish.
In addition, can also be used other than the concept at outpost and provide the mode of reward, for example, when score is accumulated up to one After determining door, more selectable character mouldings can be increased, for example, there is ring of light etc. in more replaceable clothes types, or Can gift accessory, treasure etc., or the grade of player can be promoted and assign higher game capabilities etc., various games on line are normal The mode seen all is suitable for the present invention.
Furthermore due to different from general the game feature, before the cumulative bad of physiological feedback is mainly built in continuous use Put, that is, when the interval time of performed physiological feedback program is too long, that is, lose the effect of accumulation, accordingly, citing and Speech, the calculating principle of score just may be designed as, for example, the score of accumulation can be reduced with the progressively longer of time interval, if Do not carry out game every the too long of time, then score will be zeroed, user must accent start, for example, work as user be separated by 2 days not When carrying out physiological feedback program, running summary of the points scored i.e. reduction to 75% is separated by 3 days and is not used, and score reduces to 50%, and so on, Finally when be separated by 5 days it is unused when, previous running summary of the points scored i.e. be zeroed, with the use for encouraging user lasting whereby.
Therefore, by way of game, in addition to allow physiological feedback program become it is more interesting other than, can also allow user in real time Feel that physiological status caused by physiological feedback changes, and then user is allowed to think there is target, increases the power used.
Further, the apparatus according to the invention can also be applied to the acquirement of sleep relevant information.As this field skill Known to art personnel, brain electric signal is the main foundation for judging sleep cycle (sleep staging), general traditional measurement Mode is, for example, is connected to a machine in being arranged multiple electrodes on scalp, and by connecting line, but due to must be in It is measured during sleep, such mode is for user and inconvenient, therefore, if wearing form or glasses form by ear Electrode configuration can be completed, be selection more free of a burden naturally, and in comparison, detection mode free of a burden is to produced by sleep Influence it is also smaller, will can get closer to daily sleep situation testing result.
And further, it can also be measured other by way of adding other electrodes or being shared using electrode Electro physiology signal, for example, eye electric signal (EOG), myoelectricity signal (EMG), electro-cardio signal (ECG), electrodermal activity (EDA) etc., And these electro physiology signals are then the projects that the multinomial physiology inspection (PSG, Polysomnography) of sleep can include, citing For, eye electric signal can provide the information of fast quick-action eye phase (REM, Rapid Eye Movement), myoelectricity signal can provide into It sleeps (sleep onset) and wakes up (sleep offset), grind one's teeth in sleep and the information such as REM, electro-cardio signal can be used to auxiliary observation Physiological status during sleep, for example, the state of autonomic nerve, the situation etc. of cardiomotility, electrodermal activity then can provide The information for closing sleep stage, in addition, further, if adding optical sensor again, blood oxygen concentration can be obtained, to determine shallow breathing (hypopnea) generation, and/or action sensing element is added, for example, accelerometer, it is possible to provide the mobile information of body, and/ Or setting microphone, the situation etc. of snoring can be detected.Therefore, by the way that be simply provided can be most without negative in the sensor on ear Quite a lot of information in relation to sleeping is obtained in the case of load, it is quite convenient.In conclusion wearable physiology inspection according to the present invention Device is surveyed by way of providing respiratory daoyin in nervous physiology Feedback section, reaches and user is allowed to improve concentration and simultaneously Enhance the purpose of feedback effects, the two complements each other, get twice the result with half the effort, in addition, also by structure is worn and/or ear wears structure Form and the setting that electrode and/or sensor are completed while device is set on head and/or ear, not only increase Ease of use also greatly promotes mobility.Furthermore also due to the apparatus according to the invention is embodied as wearing form, therefore It is suitble to be normally used as brain-computer interface, further promotes use value.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, to provide brain activity information and determine a respiratory daoyin signal, to make Self the basis of brain function is adjusted in a nervous physiology feedback section for user, and then reaches a nervous physiology and feed back to Road, which is characterized in that the device includes:
Multiple electrode for encephalograms, are embodied as dry-type electrode;
One wear structure the wearable physiology detection apparatus to be set to head and/or the ear of user, and is embodied as It is combined with multiple electrode for encephalograms, wherein multiple when the wear structure is set to head and/or the ear of user Electrode for encephalograms is arranged at the position that may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit;And
One physiology signal acquisition circuit, to obtain EEG signals by multiple electrode for encephalograms;
Wherein, in the nervous physiology feedback section,
The EEG signals are as the basis for generating an associated user brain activity information, to be supplied to user;
The EEG signals are also as the basis for generating an associated user Respiratory behavior information, for providing and/or adjusting this Respiratory daoyin signal, wherein the brain activity information and the respiratory daoyin signal are embodied as being supplied to user simultaneously;And
The user carries out self-consciousness regulation according to the associative brain action message simultaneously, and is believed according to the respiratory daoyin Number and carry out a Respiratory behavior mode, to reach the influence to brain function jointly.
2. device as described in claim 1, wherein the wear structure is embodied as wearing structure and/or ear wears structure.
3. device as described in claim 1, wherein the Respiratory behavior includes the respiratory rate of user.
4. device as described in claim 1, wherein further comprise an optical sensor, be incorporated on the wear structure, to take Continuous pulse variation is obtained, and obtains heart rate sequence, and then as the basis for generating the associated user Respiratory behavior information.
5. device as described in claim 1, wherein the associated user brain activity information further with the associated user Respiratory behavior information is together using as the basis for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory daoyin signal.
6. a kind of wearable physiology detection apparatus, to provide physiological state information, to be returned as user in a nervous physiology The basis of self adjustment brain function in section is presented, and then reaches a nervous physiology feedback loop, which is characterized in that the device packet It includes:
Multiple electrode for encephalograms, are embodied as dry-type electrode;
One optical sensor;
One wear structure the wearable physiology detection apparatus to be set to head and/or the ear of user, and is embodied as It is combined with multiple electrode for encephalograms, wherein when the wear structure is arranged at head and/or the ear of user, this is more A electrode for encephalograms is arranged at the position that may achieve EEG signals measurement circuit and the optical sensor is arranged at and can obtain the heart The position of rate sequence;And
One physiology signal acquisition circuit obtaining EEG signals by multiple electrode for encephalograms, and passes through the light sensing Device and obtain the variation of continuous pulse, and then obtain heart rate sequence;
Wherein, in the nervous physiology feedback section,
Heart rate and a Respiratory behavior of the heart rate sequence to generate user;And
The EEG signals, the Respiratory behavior and heart rate carry out a correlation analysis, and analysis result is supplied to user;
The user carries out the basis of self-consciousness regulation according to the correlation analysis result, to reach the shadow to brain function It rings.
7. device as claimed in claim 6, wherein the correlation analysis is to obtain the EEG signals, the Respiratory behavior, with And the synchronism between heart rate.
8. device as claimed in claim 6, wherein the wear structure is embodied as wearing structure and/or ear wears structure.
9. device as claimed in claim 6, wherein a respiratory daoyin signal is provided in the nervous physiology feedback section.
10. device as claimed in claim 9, wherein the correlation analysis result is to as the adjustment respiratory daoyin signal Basis.
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