TWI650105B - Wearable physiological detection device - Google Patents

Wearable physiological detection device Download PDF

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TWI650105B
TWI650105B TW104102478A TW104102478A TWI650105B TW I650105 B TWI650105 B TW I650105B TW 104102478 A TW104102478 A TW 104102478A TW 104102478 A TW104102478 A TW 104102478A TW I650105 B TWI650105 B TW I650105B
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user
ear
signal
brain
electrode
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TW201626952A (en
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周常安
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神仙科學股份有限公司
周常安
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Abstract

一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,用以提供腦部活動資訊以及決定一呼吸導引訊號,以作為使用者在一神經生理回饋區段中自我調整腦部功能的基礎,進而達成一神經生理回饋迴路。該裝置具有一穿戴結構,以將腦電電極及/或心率感測單元設置於頭部及/或耳朵或耳朵附近區域,進而取得腦部活動資訊以及有關呼吸行為的資訊。 A wearable physiological detecting device is provided for providing brain activity information and determining a respiratory guiding signal as a basis for the user to self-adjust brain function in a neurophysiological feedback section, thereby achieving a neurophysiological feedback loop. The device has a wearable structure for placing an EEG electrode and/or a heart rate sensing unit in the vicinity of the head and/or the ear or ear to obtain brain activity information and information about respiratory behavior.

Description

穿戴式生理檢測裝置 Wearable physiological detection device

本發明相關於一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,特別地是,一種應用於神經生理回饋區段的穿戴式生理檢測裝置。 The present invention relates to a wearable physiological detecting device, and more particularly to a wearable physiological detecting device applied to a neurophysiological feedback section.

近年來,越來越多的研究著重於人體如何透過自我意識調控的方式而影響身體之運作系統,以達到改善身心健康的效果,例如,生理回饋(biofeedback)(包括神經生理回饋(neurofeedback))、冥想(meditation)、呼吸練習(breath exercise)等皆是目前已獲大量研究結果支持,且亦有越來越多人使用的方法。 In recent years, more and more research has focused on how the human body influences the body's operating system through self-consciousness regulation to achieve physical and mental health effects, such as biofeedback (including neurofeedback). , meditation, breath exercise, etc. are currently supported by a large number of research results, and there are more and more people using methods.

其中,生理回饋是一種人體為了改善健康及效能等目的而學習如何改變生理活動的學習程序,在此程序中,人體中可透過意識,例如,思考、情緒、以及行為,改變的生理活動,例如,腦波,心率、呼吸、肌肉活動或皮膚溫度等,會透過儀器進行監測,並快速且準確的將資訊回饋給受試者,由於此資訊與所欲達成的生理改變有關,因此,受試者在獲得資訊後,就可據以而進行自我意識調控,加強所需的生理反應。 Among them, physiological feedback is a learning program in which the human body learns how to change physiological activities for the purpose of improving health and efficacy, in which physiological activities such as thinking, emotion, and behavior can be changed in the human body, for example, , brain waves, heart rate, respiration, muscle activity or skin temperature, etc., will be monitored by the instrument, and the information will be returned to the subject quickly and accurately. Since this information is related to the physiological changes that are desired, the subject is tested. After obtaining the information, the person can adjust the self-consciousness and strengthen the physiological response required.

神經生理回饋即是透過提供受試者即時腦部活動資訊而進行的一種生理回饋,最常見的方式之一是透過偵測腦電圖(EEG,electroencephalography),而使用者在即時獲得有關腦部活動的資訊後,就可透過自我意識調整的方式,而達到影響腦部活動的效果。 Neurophysiological feedback is a kind of physiological feedback by providing information about the immediate brain activity of the subject. One of the most common ways is to detect EEG (electroencephalography), and the user gets the brain immediately. After the information of the activity, the effect of affecting the brain activity can be achieved through self-awareness adjustment.

另外,腦電圖尚有一種很重要的應用,即是作為腦機介面(BCI,brain computer interface),其中,透過偵測EEG可分析得出使用者的意圖(intention),再進而轉換為操作指令,近年來,這樣的腦機介面配合神經生理回饋也被應用於遊戲,例如,透過遊戲的呈現方式而讓使用者訓練專注力等。 In addition, EEG has a very important application, that is, as a brain computer interface (BCI), in which the user's intention can be analyzed by detecting the EEG, and then converted into operation. In recent years, such brain-computer interface and neurophysiological feedback have also been applied to games, for example, by allowing users to train their concentration through the presentation of games.

由上可知,當涉及透過人體自身的調控機制而達到改進身心健康的效果、或是作為腦機介面的應用時,自我意識調控是最主要的途徑,而眾所周知,集中注意力是進行自我意識調控最主要的手段之一,因此,若能在神經生理回饋過程中藉由提高集中注意力的方式而幫助自我意識調控的進行,將能更具效率地達到神經生理回饋的目標。 It can be seen from the above that when it comes to improving the physical and mental health through the body's own regulatory mechanisms, or as an application of the brain-computer interface, self-consciousness regulation is the most important way. As we all know, focusing attention is on self-consciousness regulation. One of the most important means, therefore, if the self-consciousness regulation can be assisted by increasing the concentration of attention during the neurophysiological feedback process, the goal of neurophysiological feedback can be achieved more efficiently.

一般在需要集中注意力的靜坐冥想過程中,通常會強調冥想者必須專注於呼吸的韻律,尤其在出現心思游移時,必須將注意力重新集中在一吸一吐的呼吸韻律上,因此,專注於呼吸韻律是已知可提升注意力的方法。 Generally, in the process of meditation that requires concentration, it is usually emphasized that the meditator must focus on the rhythm of breathing, especially in the case of mental wandering, it is necessary to refocus attention on the breath rhythm of a breath, therefore, focus Respiratory rhythm is a method known to increase attention.

在一般沒有意識介入的情形下,呼吸是受自律神經系統控制,會自動地根據身體需求而調節呼吸速率以及深度等,而另一方面,呼吸亦可受意識控制,在有限的範圍內,人體可以自行控制呼吸速率以及深度等,故已有研究顯示,可藉由控制呼吸的方式而影響交感神經以及副交感神經的平衡,一般的情形是,呼氣期間會增加副交感神經活性,減緩心跳,而吸氣期間則是會增加交感神經活性,並使得心跳加速。 In the absence of conscious intervention, breathing is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, which automatically adjusts the breathing rate and depth according to the needs of the body. On the other hand, breathing can also be controlled by consciousness. Within a limited range, the human body The breathing rate and depth can be controlled by themselves. Therefore, studies have shown that the balance of sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves can be affected by controlling the breathing. In general, the parasympathetic nerve activity is increased during exhalation, and the heartbeat is slowed down. During inhalation, it increases sympathetic activity and accelerates the heartbeat.

因此,當需要集中注意力而專注於呼吸韻律時,除了可因將注意力回歸到呼氣與吐氣的韻律而達到專心及穩定的效果外,亦同時間會 對自身的自律神經系統產生影響,此時,只要呼吸對自律神經系統的影響與進行神經生理回饋的目標一致時,例如,放鬆身心,就可很自然地因增加對呼吸所進行的控制而讓神經生理回饋的效果更上層樓,達到相輔相成的效果。 Therefore, when you need to concentrate and focus on respiratory rhythm, in addition to being able to return to the rhythm of exhalation and exhalation to achieve concentration and stability, at the same time It has an effect on its own autonomic nervous system. At this time, as long as the influence of breathing on the autonomic nervous system is consistent with the goal of performing neurophysiological feedback, for example, relaxing the body and mind, it is natural to increase the control of breathing. The effect of neurophysiological feedback is higher, achieving complementary effects.

因此,確實有需要發展出一種新穎的系統,可在使用者透過自我意識控制而進行神經生理回饋時,提供進一步進行呼吸調整的依據,以使呼吸對改善身心健康的影響可同時被展現出來,進而相輔相成地讓神經生理回饋可達成的效果更上層樓。 Therefore, there is a real need to develop a novel system that provides a basis for further breathing adjustments when the user performs neurophysiological feedback through self-consciousness control so that the effects of breathing on improving physical and mental health can be simultaneously revealed. In addition, the synergistic effect of the neurophysiological feedback can be achieved.

本發明的目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其可取得腦電訊號以及心率序列,以應用於神經生理回饋區段中。 It is an object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detection device that can acquire an electroencephalogram signal and a heart rate sequence for application in a neurophysiological feedback section.

本發明的另一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其可在一神經生理回饋區段中提供腦部活動資訊作為使用者進行自我意識調整的依據,以及亦根據使用者的呼吸行為而決定所要提供的呼吸導引訊號,以讓使用者跟隨調整呼吸,進而達到對腦部功能的影響。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device capable of providing brain activity information in a neurophysiological feedback section as a basis for self-awareness adjustment by a user, and also according to a user's breathing behavior. The respiratory guidance signal to be provided so that the user can follow the adjustment of the breathing to achieve the effect on the brain function.

本發明的再一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其具有一頭戴結構設置於使用者頭部,並於穿戴時可達成將腦電電極設置於可達成腦電訊號測量迴路的位置,以及將心率感測單元設置於可取得心率序列的位置。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device having a head-mounted structure disposed on a user's head and capable of setting an EEG electrode to a position at which an EEG measurement circuit can be achieved when worn. And setting the heart rate sensing unit at a position where the heart rate sequence can be obtained.

本發明的又一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其具有一耳戴結構設置於使用者一耳朵上,並於穿戴時可達成將腦電電極設置於可達成腦電訊號測量迴路的位置,以及將心率感測單元設置於可取得心 率序列的位置。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device having an ear wearing structure disposed on an ear of a user, and when the device is worn, the brain electrical electrode can be disposed at a position where the brain electrical signal measuring circuit can be achieved. And setting the heart rate sensing unit to the heart The location of the rate sequence.

本發明的又一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其藉由分析心率序列而得出使用者的心率以及呼吸行為,進而在神經生理回饋區段中提供腦電訊號,呼吸行為以及心率間的相關性分析結果,以作為使用者進行自我意識調控的基礎。 It is still another object of the present invention to provide a wearable physiological detecting device for analyzing a heart rate sequence to obtain a heart rate and a breathing behavior of a user, thereby providing an electroencephalogram signal, a respiratory behavior, and a heart rate in the neurophysiological feedback section. The results of the correlation analysis are used as the basis for the user's self-consciousness regulation.

本發明的又一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其藉由分析腦電訊號而得出使用者的腦部活動資訊以及使用者的呼吸行為,以在神經生理回饋區段中,將腦部活動資訊提供予使用者進行自我意識調控,以及將使用者呼吸行為作為提供及/或調整呼吸導引訊號的基礎。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device which can analyze a brain electrical signal to obtain a user's brain activity information and a user's breathing behavior, so as to brain in the neurophysiological feedback section. Departmental activity information is provided to the user for self-awareness regulation and the use of user breathing behavior as a basis for providing and/or adjusting respiratory guidance signals.

本發明的又一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其中,複數個腦電電極以及光感測器皆設置於一耳戴結構上,以在穿戴於耳朵上時同時取得腦電訊號以及心率序列。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device, wherein a plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes and a photo sensor are disposed on an ear wearing structure to simultaneously acquire an EEG signal and a heart rate when worn on the ear. sequence.

本發明的又一目的在於提供一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,其實施為將光感測器以及其中一腦電電極一起設置於一耳夾結構中,以透過夾設方式而固定於耳朵上。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a wearable physiological detecting device which is configured to dispose a photo sensor and one of the electroencephalogram electrodes together in an ear clip structure to be fixed to the ear by means of a sandwiching manner.

10‧‧‧穿戴式生理檢測裝置 10‧‧‧Wearing physiological testing device

12‧‧‧主機 12‧‧‧Host

14‧‧‧頭戴結構 14‧‧‧ headwear structure

141‧‧‧光發射元件 141‧‧‧Light emitting elements

142‧‧‧光接收元件 142‧‧‧Light receiving components

143‧‧‧腦電電極 143‧‧‧EEG electrodes

16‧‧‧耳夾 16‧‧‧ Ear clips

181‧‧‧指戴結構 181‧‧‧ refers to the wearing structure

182‧‧‧腕戴結構 182‧‧‧Wrist wearing structure

183‧‧‧臂戴結構 183‧‧‧ Arm wearing structure

184‧‧‧頸戴結構 184‧‧‧Neck wearing structure

18、41‧‧‧心電電極 18, 41‧‧‧ ECG electrodes

20、30、40‧‧‧耳戴式生理檢測裝置 20, 30, 40‧‧‧ ear-type physiological testing device

21、32、43‧‧‧耳掛結構 21, 32, 43‧‧‧ ear hook structure

22‧‧‧耳夾結構 22‧‧‧ ear clip structure

23、25、33、44‧‧‧殼體 23, 25, 33, 44‧‧‧ shell

42‧‧‧耳夾 42‧‧‧ Ear clips

第1圖顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置藉由頭戴結構而設置於頭上的實施示意圖;第2圖顯示如第1圖的穿戴式生理檢測裝置增設耳戴結構的實施示意圖;第3A-3C圖顯示耳夾結構的示範性實例;第4A-4D圖顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置將心電電極穿戴於身上不 同部位的示範性實例;第5A-5B圖顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置將心電電極實施為外露於裝置表面的示範性實例;第6A-6B圖顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置藉由耳戴結構而設置於耳朵上的示範性實例;第7A-7C圖顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置藉由耳戴結構而設置於耳朵上,且採用心電電極時的示範性實例;以及第8圖顯示顯示根據本發明穿戴式生理檢測裝置藉由耳戴結構而設置於耳朵上,且具有腦電電極,心電電極,以及光感測器時的示範性實例。 1 is a schematic view showing an embodiment of a wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention, which is disposed on a head by a head-worn structure; and FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing an embodiment of a wearable physiological detecting device according to FIG. 1 with an additional ear-wearing structure; 3A- 3C shows an exemplary example of the structure of the ear clip; FIG. 4A-4D shows that the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention does not wear the electrocardiographic electrode on the body. Illustrative example of the same portion; FIGS. 5A-5B are diagrams showing an exemplary embodiment in which the wearable physiological detecting device is implemented to expose the electrocardiographic electrode to the surface of the device according to the present invention; FIGS. 6A-6B are views showing the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention. An exemplary example of being placed on the ear by the ear-wearing structure; FIGS. 7A-7C are diagrams showing an exemplary embodiment in which the wearable physiological detecting device is placed on the ear by the ear-wearing structure and the electrocardiographic electrode is employed according to the present invention. And FIG. 8 shows an exemplary example showing when the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention is placed on the ear by the ear-wearing structure and has an electroencephalogram electrode, an electrocardiographic electrode, and a photo sensor.

本發明裝置的目的在於,將透過自我意識調整而影響腦部活動的程序以及呼吸調控兩者融和在同一個神經生理回饋區段中,並藉由與使用者間互動形成一神經生理回饋迴路的方式而達到加成影響腦部活動的效果,以讓該程序所達成的成效可進一步獲得提升。 The purpose of the device of the present invention is to integrate a program that affects brain activity through self-awareness adjustment and respiratory regulation in the same neurophysiological feedback segment, and form a neurophysiological feedback loop by interacting with the user. The way to achieve the effect of the bonus on the brain activity, so that the results achieved by the program can be further improved.

在此原則下,根據本發明的穿戴式生理檢測裝置係同時具備有至少二腦電電極,以及心率感測單元,其中,腦電電極係用以取得腦電訊號,以得知使用者的腦部活動情形,而心率感測單元則用以取得心率序列,以作為提供及/或調整呼吸導引訊號的依據。 Under this principle, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention is provided with at least two EEG electrodes and a heart rate sensing unit, wherein the EEG electrode is used to obtain an EEG signal to know the user's brain. The activity is performed by the heart rate sensing unit to obtain a heart rate sequence as a basis for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal.

一般而言,取得腦電訊號需要至少二個電極,其中一個作為有效電極(active electrode),另一個則作為參考電極(reference electrode),也常見再增加一接地電極(ground),以抑制共模雜訊,例如,60Hz及50Hz雜訊。因此,在接下來的敘述中,即以二個腦電電極為主進行敘述。 In general, at least two electrodes are required to obtain an EEG signal, one of which serves as an active electrode and the other as a reference electrode. It is also common to add a ground to suppress the common mode. Noise, for example, 60Hz and 50Hz noise. Therefore, in the following description, two electroencephalogram electrodes are mainly described.

另外,由於呼吸會對自律神經系統產生影響,進而使得亦受自律神經控制的心跳出現變化,即所謂的竇性心律不整(Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia,RSA),亦即,吸氣期間會使心跳加速以及呼吸期間則使心跳減緩的現象,因此,可藉由測量心率而取得使用者的呼吸行為。一般而言,當呼吸與心跳彼此處於同步狀態(synchronization)時,就可藉由對心率序列進行分析而得知呼吸行為模式的變化,而在本發明中,用來取得心率序列的感測單元可實施為光感測器,或是心電電極,其中,光感測器是指具有光發射元件以及光接收元件,並利用PPG(photoplethysmography)原理而取得光訊號的感測器,其可藉由偵測脈搏的連續變化而得知心率序列,例如,透過穿透式或反射式測量方法,而心電電極則是可取得心電圖,進而獲得心率序列。 In addition, because breathing affects the autonomic nervous system, the heartbeat that is also controlled by the autonomic nervous system changes, the so-called Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA), that is, the heartbeat is accelerated during inhalation. The heartbeat is slowed down during breathing, so the user's breathing behavior can be obtained by measuring the heart rate. In general, when the breathing and the heartbeat are in synchronization with each other, the change in the respiratory behavior pattern can be known by analyzing the heart rate sequence, and in the present invention, the sensing unit for acquiring the heart rate sequence is used. It can be implemented as a photo sensor or an electrocardiographic electrode, wherein the photo sensor refers to a sensor having a light emitting element and a light receiving element and using PPG (photoplethysmography) principle to obtain an optical signal, which can be borrowed The heart rate sequence is obtained by detecting a continuous change of the pulse, for example, by a transmissive or reflective measurement method, and the electrocardiogram electrode can obtain an electrocardiogram, thereby obtaining a heart rate sequence.

並且,當取得心率序列後,還可進行HRV(Heart Rate Variability,心率變異率)分析,而HRV分析則是得知自律神經系統活動的常見手段之一方法,例如,可進行頻域分析(Frequency domain),以獲得可用來評估整體心率變異度的總功率(Total Power,TP),可反應副交感神經活性的高頻功率(High Frequency Power,HF),可反應交感神經活性、或交感神經與副交感神經同時調控結果的低頻功率(Low Frequency Power,LF),以及可反應交感/副交感神經之活性平衡的LF/HF(低高頻功率比)等,另外,亦可在進行頻率分析後,藉由觀察頻率分佈的狀態而得知自律神經運作的和諧度;或者,也可進行時域分析(Time Domain),而獲得可作為整體心率變異度之指標的SDNN,可作為長期整體心率變異度之指標的SDANN,可作為短期整體心率變異度之指標的RMSSD,以及可用來 評估心率變異度之中高頻變異的R-MSSD、NN50、及PNN50等。因此,還可藉由分析心率序列而得知神經生理回饋及/或呼吸調控對於自律神經系統所產生的影響。 Moreover, when the heart rate sequence is obtained, HRV (Heart Rate Variability) analysis can also be performed, and HRV analysis is one of the common methods for learning the activity of the autonomic nervous system, for example, frequency domain analysis can be performed (Frequency Domain) to obtain total power (TP) that can be used to assess overall heart rate variability, high frequency power (HF) that can reflect parasympathetic activity, sympathetic nerve activity, or sympathetic and parasympathetic The low frequency power (LF) of the simultaneous neurological regulation results, and the LF/HF (low high frequency power ratio) which can balance the activity of the sympathetic/parasympathetic nerves, and, after performing the frequency analysis, Observe the state of the frequency distribution to know the harmony of the operation of the autonomic nervous system; or, you can also perform Time Domain analysis, and obtain the SDNN that can be used as an indicator of the overall heart rate variability, which can be used as an indicator of long-term overall heart rate variability. SDANN, RMSSD that can be used as an indicator of short-term overall heart rate variability, and can be used The R-MSSD, NN50, and PNN50 of high frequency variation among heart rate variability were evaluated. Therefore, the effects of neurophysiological feedback and/or respiratory regulation on the autonomic nervous system can also be known by analyzing the heart rate sequence.

故在本發明的概念下,腦部活動資訊、自律神經活動資訊、以及呼吸行為模式彼此相輔相成,可提供使用者更全面且有效的神經生理回饋方式,最大化進行自我意識調控所能達到的效果。而且,在採用光感測器的情形下,還可取得有關血氧濃度的資訊,有助於更進一步瞭解使用者的生理狀況。 Therefore, under the concept of the present invention, brain activity information, autonomic nerve activity information, and respiratory behavior patterns complement each other, which can provide a more comprehensive and effective neurophysiological feedback mode for users, and maximize the effect of self-consciousness regulation. . Moreover, in the case of using a light sensor, information about the blood oxygen concentration can be obtained, which helps to further understand the physiological condition of the user.

在實際實施時,如第1圖所示,根據本發明之穿戴式生理檢測裝置10係主要透過一頭戴結構14而將裝置設置於使用者頭上,且其採用腦電電極配合上光感測器的配置,其中,該裝置10具有由該頭戴結構14所承載的一主機12,內容置一生理訊號擷取電路,以透過腦電電極以及光感測器而取得生理訊號,因此,該生理訊號擷取電路10乃會包括,但不限於,一些用來達成測量的常見電子元件,例如,處理器,至少一A/D轉換器,濾波器,放大器等,由於這些對本領域具通常知識者而言皆為常見之內容,故不再贅述。 In actual implementation, as shown in FIG. 1 , the wearable physiological detecting device 10 according to the present invention mainly mounts the device on the user's head through a wearing structure 14 , and adopts an electroencephalogram electrode to cooperate with the light sensing. The device 10 has a host 12 carried by the wearing structure 14 and a physiological signal capturing circuit for obtaining a physiological signal through the brain electrical electrode and the light sensor. Therefore, the device 10 The physiological signal capture circuit 10 may include, but is not limited to, some common electronic components used to achieve measurements, such as processors, at least one A/D converter, filters, amplifiers, etc., as these are common knowledge in the art. They are all common content, so they will not be described again.

另外,二腦電電極係透過該頭戴結構而被設置於使用者的頭上,例如,設置於頭戴結構的內側表面,以接觸頭上的取樣點,例如,常見的取樣點包括Fp1、Fp2、O1、O2等、或是任何根據10-20系統所定義的位置,進而取得腦電訊號,在此,腦電電極的設置位置以及數量可根據所進行之神經生理回饋的目的而決定,例如,可增加有效電極的數量而進行多通道腦電訊號的測量,因此,沒有限制。 In addition, the second brain electrical electrode is disposed on the user's head through the head-mounted structure, for example, on the inner side surface of the head-mounted structure to contact the sampling points on the head. For example, common sampling points include Fp1, Fp2. O1, O2, etc., or any position defined by the 10-20 system, thereby obtaining an EEG signal, where the position and number of the EEG electrodes can be determined according to the purpose of the neurophysiological feedback performed, for example, The measurement of multi-channel EEG signals can be performed by increasing the number of effective electrodes, and thus, there is no limitation.

在本發明中,該腦電電極係實施為乾式電極,例如,不銹鋼,導電纖維,導電橡膠,導電泡棉,導電凝膠等各種金屬或導電物質,因此,使用者可透過直接接觸頭皮皮膚的方式而取得腦電訊號,沒有傳統濕式電極所面臨的問題,例如,需要使用導電膏以及電極需要黏貼等問題,故不但可增加使用方便性,也提升使用者的使用意願。另外,該頭戴結構可實施為各種形式,可以是如圖中所示的頭帶(head band)形式,或者也可以其他的形式,例如,在一般EEG測量時常用的頭帽(headgear),或是眼鏡形式等,只要能設置於頭上並確保腦電電極的設置位置以及與皮膚間的接觸即可,例如,通常的頭戴結構都會被設計為環繞頭蓋骨(skullcap)周圍的形式,以易於將電極設置在對應大腦皮質的取樣點,因此,有各種可能,沒有限制。 In the present invention, the electroencephalogram electrode is implemented as a dry electrode, for example, stainless steel, conductive fiber, conductive rubber, conductive foam, conductive gel, and the like, or a conductive material, so that the user can directly contact the skin of the scalp. Obtaining EEG signals in a way that does not have the problems faced by conventional wet electrodes, for example, the need to use conductive paste and the need for electrodes to be attached, so that not only can the use convenience be increased, but also the user's willingness to use is enhanced. In addition, the headgear structure may be implemented in various forms, may be in the form of a head band as shown in the figure, or may be in other forms, for example, a headgear commonly used in general EEG measurement, Or in the form of glasses, etc., as long as it can be placed on the head and ensure the position of the electroencephalic electrode and the contact with the skin, for example, the usual wearing structure is designed to surround the form around the skullcap for easy The electrodes are placed at the sampling points corresponding to the cerebral cortex, so there are various possibilities and no limitations.

另外,該光感測器亦可透過該頭戴結構而同時被設置於使用者頭上的任何位置,例如,接觸額頭,以取得連續脈搏變化;或者,替代地,如第2圖所示,該光感測器亦可透過一連接線而延伸出該頭戴結構之外,以設置在一耳朵上,同樣可以很方便地取得脈搏連續變化,並且,也可依實際測量位置以及實施考量而選擇採用反射式或穿透式測量方式,沒有限制。 In addition, the light sensor can also be disposed at any position on the user's head through the wearing structure, for example, contacting the forehead to obtain a continuous pulse change; or, alternatively, as shown in FIG. 2, The light sensor can also extend out of the wearing structure through a connecting line to be disposed on one ear, and the pulse continuous change can be conveniently obtained, and can also be selected according to actual measurement position and implementation considerations. There are no restrictions on reflective or transmissive measurements.

在此,進一步地,當該光感測器實施為設置於耳朵上時,還可透過一耳戴結構而進行設置,例如,透過耳夾(如第2圖中之耳夾16)、耳掛、或耳塞形式,以落在耳朵或耳朵附近的區域,例如,耳垂,耳廓的內面,如耳甲腔以及外耳道口附近區域等,耳輪,耳廓背面,外耳道內,或是耳朵與頭殼交界附近的區域等,沒有限制,並且,透過使用適當的耳 戴結構,亦可增加感測器設置的固定效果,進而有效提升所取得之訊號的穩定性。 Here, further, when the light sensor is implemented to be disposed on the ear, it can also be disposed through an ear wearing structure, for example, through the ear clip (such as the ear clip 16 in FIG. 2 ), the ear hook Or in the form of earplugs to fall in the vicinity of the ear or ear, for example, the earlobe, the inner surface of the auricle, such as the ear cavity and the area near the external ear canal, etc., the ear wheel, the back of the auricle, the outer ear canal, or the ear and the head There is no limit to the area near the shell junction, and by using the appropriate ear The wearing structure can also increase the fixing effect of the sensor setting, thereby effectively improving the stability of the obtained signal.

此外,較佳地是,其中一腦電電極亦可實施為位在該耳戴結構中,尤其,在腦電檢測領域中,耳朵由於構造以及位置皆與頭部相分離,不易受腦部活動的影響,故一直被視為是設置參考電極的最佳位置之一,所以,將參考電極結合於耳戴結構中而與耳朵或耳朵附近區域接觸,不但有利於取得良好的腦電訊號,亦不增加整體配置的複雜度,相當具有優勢。 In addition, preferably, one of the EEG electrodes can also be implemented in the ear-wearing structure. In particular, in the field of EEG detection, the ear is separated from the head due to its structure and position, and is not easily affected by brain activity. The effect has always been regarded as one of the best positions for setting the reference electrode. Therefore, the reference electrode is combined with the ear or the vicinity of the ear in the ear-wearing structure, which is not only beneficial for obtaining a good EEG signal, but also Without increasing the complexity of the overall configuration, it is quite advantageous.

舉例而言,如第3A圖所示的耳夾結構是一般而言安裝方便且容易達到接觸穩定的耳戴結構,如圖中所示,光感測器實施為位在耳夾內部之相對面上的一光發射元件141以及一光接收元件142,以利用穿透式測量方法取得連續脈搏變化,而腦電電極143則同樣設置於耳夾的內部,可接觸到所夾設位置之耳朵皮膚的位置,如此一來,透過夾子本身的機械力,無論是光感測器或是腦電電極都可穩定的被設置於耳朵上,不容易產生移動,相當有助於取得品質良好的訊號,更有利於獲得精準的分析結果。 For example, the ear clip structure as shown in FIG. 3A is an ear-wear structure that is generally easy to install and easily achieves contact stability. As shown in the figure, the photo sensor is implemented as an opposite surface inside the ear clip. A light emitting element 141 and a light receiving element 142 are used to obtain a continuous pulse change by using a penetrating measurement method, and the brain electrode 143 is also disposed inside the ear clip to contact the ear skin of the clamped position. The position, in this way, through the mechanical force of the clip itself, whether the light sensor or the brain electric electrode can be stably placed on the ear, it is not easy to move, which is quite helpful for obtaining good quality signals. It is more conducive to obtaining accurate analysis results.

其中,當該光感測器以及腦電電極同時設置於該耳夾結構中時,兩者的設置位置可以有許多選擇,舉例而言,如第3A圖所示,該腦電電極可實施為環繞光發射元件/光接收元件而設置,或者,如第3B圖所示,該腦電電極與該光發射元件/光接收元件也可分開設置,並且,可在耳夾的兩邊皆設置電極,以做為參考電極以及接地電極,不過,亦可實施為僅在一邊的夾子設置腦電電極,做為參考電極,因此,沒有限制,或者進一步地,如第3C圖所示,光發射元件141以及光接收元件142可設置於同一邊,以利用反射方式測量取得心率,而腦電電極143則設置於另一邊。 Wherein, when the photo sensor and the electroencephalogram electrode are simultaneously disposed in the ear clip structure, there are many options for setting the positions of the two. For example, as shown in FIG. 3A, the electroencephalogram electrode can be implemented as The light emitting element/light receiving element is disposed around, or, as shown in FIG. 3B, the brain electrical electrode and the light emitting element/light receiving element are also separately disposed, and electrodes can be disposed on both sides of the ear clip. As the reference electrode and the ground electrode, it is also possible to provide the electroencephalic electrode as a reference electrode only on one side of the clip, and therefore, there is no limitation, or further, as shown in FIG. 3C, the light-emitting element 141 is used. And the light receiving elements 142 can be disposed on the same side to measure the heart rate by reflection, and the electroencephalogram electrode 143 is disposed on the other side.

在此,需注意地是,耳夾可實施為夾設於耳朵上的任何位置,亦即,突出於頭殼之耳廓的任何位置,例如,耳垂,耳輪等,並且,其機械結構亦可依實際夾設位置而有所改變,皆無限制。 Here, it should be noted that the ear clip can be implemented at any position on the ear, that is, any position protruding from the auricle of the head shell, for example, ear lobe, ear wheel, etc., and the mechanical structure thereof can also be There are no restrictions depending on the actual position of the clamp.

因此,在此穿戴式生理檢測裝置中所包含的生理訊號擷取電路,就可在使用者執行一神經生理回饋區段的期間,透過將該頭戴結構設置於頭上(以及耳戴結構設置於耳朵上),而簡單地完成電極以及光感測器的安裝,之後,透過腦電電極所取得的腦電訊號在經過預設的演算式進行計算後,可得出相關使用者腦部活動的資訊,作為提供使用者進行自我意識調控的基礎,以及透過光感測器所取得的心率序列也可在經過演算式計算後得出相關使用者呼吸行為模式的資訊,作為提供及/或調整呼吸導引訊號的基礎。 Therefore, the physiological signal capturing circuit included in the wearable physiological detecting device can be disposed on the head during the execution of a neurophysiological feedback section by the user (and the ear wearing structure is disposed on the head) On the ear), the electrode and the light sensor are simply installed. After that, the EEG signal obtained through the EEG electrode is calculated by a preset calculation formula, and the relevant user's brain activity can be obtained. Information, as the basis for providing users with self-awareness control, and the heart rate sequence obtained by the light sensor can also be used to calculate and correlate the breathing behavior patterns of the user after calculation. The basis of the pilot signal.

再者,請參閱第4A圖,其顯示根據本發明之穿戴式生理檢測裝置利用腦電電極以取得腦電訊號,以及利用心電電極取得心率序列的實施情形。在此實施例中,與第1圖之實施例類似,腦電電極透過頭戴結構而接觸頭部的取樣點,並另外增加了至少二心電電極,如圖中所示,其中一心電電極係藉由指戴結構181而設置於手指上,而另一個心電電極則是透過該頭戴結構而接觸頭部的皮膚,以達成測量心電訊號的迴路,如此一來,使用者就可在輕鬆、無須施力地的情形下取得心電訊號,進而得出心率序列。或者,替代地,上述透過指戴結構而接觸指部皮膚的心電電極亦可實施為接觸身體其他部位的皮膚,例如,如第4B圖所示,透過腕戴結構182而接觸手腕附近區域的皮膚,或是透過臂戴結構183接觸前臂或上臂任何部分的皮膚,如第4C圖所示,或是接觸頸部或肩膀附近的皮膚,如第4D圖顯 示透過一頸戴結構184接觸頸部與肩膀的交界處附近的情形,或是接觸軀幹其他部分的皮膚等,因此,只要是可與頭部之心電電極一起形成心電訊號擷取迴路的位置皆可,沒有限制。 Furthermore, please refer to FIG. 4A, which shows an implementation situation in which the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention uses an electroencephalogram electrode to obtain an electroencephalogram signal and a heart rate sequence using an electrocardiographic electrode. In this embodiment, similar to the embodiment of Fig. 1, the electroencephalogram electrode contacts the sampling point of the head through the head-wearing structure, and additionally adds at least two electrocardiographic electrodes, as shown in the figure, one of the electrocardiographic electrodes The finger is placed on the finger by the finger 181, and the other ECG electrode contacts the skin of the head through the head structure to achieve a loop for measuring the ECG signal, so that the user can Get the ECG signal easily and without stress, and then get the heart rate sequence. Alternatively, alternatively, the electrocardiographic electrode that contacts the skin of the finger through the finger-wearing structure may also be implemented to contact the skin of other parts of the body, for example, as shown in FIG. 4B, contacting the area near the wrist through the wrist-worn structure 182. Skin, or contact the skin of any part of the forearm or upper arm through the arm-worn structure 183, as shown in Figure 4C, or in contact with the skin near the neck or shoulder, as shown in Figure 4D. It is shown that the neck-wearing structure 184 contacts the vicinity of the junction between the neck and the shoulder, or the skin of other parts of the trunk, etc., so that the electrocardiographic signal can be formed together with the electrocardiographic electrode of the head. Location is OK, no restrictions.

其中,當心電電極設置於頸部與肩膀附近時,所採用之用來維持心電電極與皮膚間接觸的的穿戴結構,較佳地是實施為具有彈性,例如,利用彈性金屬、導電橡膠、導電纖維、導電泡棉等材質製成,因而可儘量符合頸部與肩膀的曲線,更有助於取得穩定的心電訊號。 Wherein, when the electrocardiographic electrode is disposed near the neck and the shoulder, the wearing structure for maintaining contact between the electrocardiographic electrode and the skin is preferably implemented to have elasticity, for example, using an elastic metal or a conductive rubber. Conductive fiber, conductive foam and other materials, so as to match the neck and shoulder curve as much as possible, and help to obtain a stable ECG signal.

於再一較佳實施例中,設置於頭戴結構中的心電電極還可進一步實施為與腦電電極共用,亦即,將透過頭戴結構而接觸頭部皮膚的其中一個電極同時作為腦電電極以及心電電極,因此,除了製作成本及複雜度可獲得降低外,還可因減少了需要接觸的位置而增加使用上的方便性。 In still another preferred embodiment, the electrocardiographic electrode disposed in the head-mounted structure can be further implemented to be shared with the electroencephalogram electrode, that is, one of the electrodes that contact the skin of the head through the head-wearing structure simultaneously serves as a brain. The electric electrode and the electrocardiographic electrode, in addition to the reduction in manufacturing cost and complexity, can also increase the convenience of use by reducing the position that needs to be contacted.

再者,替代地,如第5A圖所示,亦可二個心電電極皆設置於頭戴結構上,在此情形下,則可實施為,一個電極位於可透過該頭戴結構而接觸皮膚的位置,而另一個電極18則位於該頭戴結構被設置於頭上時露出而不與皮膚接觸的位置,以讓使用者藉由上肢皮膚接觸該心電電極的方式而達成測量心電訊號的檢測迴路,如此一來,心電訊號的取得將可取決於使用者的需求,當有需要測量時,只需透過上肢接觸外露的電極即可起始測量,同樣相當方便。 In addition, as shown in FIG. 5A, two ECG electrodes may be disposed on the head-mounted structure. In this case, an electrode may be disposed to contact the skin through the head-wearing structure. The other electrode 18 is located at a position where the head structure is exposed on the head and is not in contact with the skin, so that the user can measure the ECG signal by contacting the skin of the upper limb with the electrocardiographic electrode. The detection circuit, in this way, the ECG signal acquisition will depend on the user's needs. When there is a need to measure, it is only convenient to start the measurement by touching the exposed electrode on the upper limb.

另外,該心電電極亦可設置於耳戴結構上,如第5B圖所示,舉例而言,可以是耳戴結構中單獨設置一心電電極,以及耳戴結構的外露部分再設置一另一心電電極18,如此一來,還可將耳戴結構實施為可拆卸的形式,當使用者有需要時再連接上使用;或者,也可如前所述地,當其 中一個腦電電極透過耳戴結構而設置於耳朵上時,同時將心電電極設置於其中,或是將此腦電電極共用為心電電極;又或者,也可實施為一個心電電極透過頭戴結構而接觸頭部皮膚,而另一個心電電極設置於耳戴結構的外露表面上,以供使用者接觸進行測量,故可以有各種組合,沒有限制。而且,該耳戴結構也不受限於何種形式,例如,耳夾,耳塞或耳掛等,都是常見的可實施形式。 In addition, the electrocardiographic electrode may also be disposed on the ear-wearing structure, as shown in FIG. 5B. For example, an electrocardiographic electrode may be separately disposed in the ear-wearing structure, and the exposed portion of the ear-wearing structure may be further disposed. The electric electrode 18, as such, the ear-wearing structure can also be implemented in a detachable form, and then connected when the user needs it; or, as described above, when When one of the brain electrical electrodes is disposed on the ear through the ear wearing structure, the electrocardiographic electrode is disposed therein, or the electroencephalogram electrode is shared as an electrocardiographic electrode; or alternatively, an electrocardiographic electrode can be implemented The head-worn structure contacts the head skin, and the other electrocardiographic electrode is disposed on the exposed surface of the ear-wearing structure for the user to contact for measurement, so that various combinations are possible without limitation. Moreover, the ear-wearing structure is also not limited to what form, for example, ear clips, earplugs or ear hooks, etc., are common forms of implementation.

再者,還可進一步實施為同時具有光感測器以及心電電極,舉例而言,可如第5B圖所示的實施形式,但於耳戴結構中同時設置光感測器以及作為腦電電極與心電電極的共用電極,再搭配頭戴結構上的另一個腦電電極,以及位在耳戴結構外露部分的另一個心電電極18,或者,也可實施為耳戴結構中設置光感測器以及心電電極,而二個腦電電極則皆藉由頭戴結構而接觸頭部皮膚,可以是各種實施方式。 Furthermore, it can be further implemented to have both a photo sensor and an electrocardiographic electrode. For example, the embodiment can be as shown in FIG. 5B, but the photo sensor is simultaneously disposed in the earwear structure and as an electroencephalogram. The common electrode of the electrode and the electrocardiographic electrode, together with another electroencephalic electrode on the head-mounted structure, and another electrocardiographic electrode 18 located in the exposed portion of the ear-wearing structure, or may be embodied as light disposed in the ear-worn structure The sensor and the electrocardiographic electrode, while the two EEG electrodes are in contact with the skin of the head by the head-worn structure, may be in various embodiments.

而這樣的配置方式所具有的優勢則是,光感測器取得心率序列配合心電電極取得心電圖,可達到方便且正確地判斷心律不整症狀的效果。由於光感測器在配戴的過程中可連續地取得脈搏變化,因此,就可藉由分析脈搏連續變化而先篩選是否具有心律不整可能事件,亦即,可透過分析連續脈搏而可得知與脈搏相對應之心臟跳動情形,進而篩選出是否有心律不整可能事件,例如,早發性收縮(Premature Beats),心室顫動(AF,Atrial Fibrillation),心跳過快(Tachycardia)、心跳過慢(Bradycardia)、心跳暫停(Pause)等各種症狀,然而,由於分析的基礎是連續脈搏,因此將無法區分需透過觀察心電波形而進行判斷的症狀,例如,早發性收縮即分為發生於心房的早發性心房收縮(Premature atrial contractions,PAC),以 及發生在心室的早發性心室收縮(Premature ventricular contractions,PVC)兩種,在區分兩者時,通常可以透過觀察P波及/或QRS波的形狀是否出現異常而判斷收縮是來自心房或心室;另外,由於脈搏是心搏經由血液在血管中傳遞後所測得的結果,故其準確度亦無法與心電圖相比。 The advantage of such a configuration is that the photosensor obtains the heart rate sequence and the ECG electrode to obtain the electrocardiogram, which can achieve the effect of conveniently and correctly determining the symptoms of arrhythmia. Since the photosensor can continuously acquire the pulse change during the wearing process, it is possible to first screen whether there is arrhythmia possible event by analyzing the pulse continuous change, that is, it can be known by analyzing the continuous pulse. The heartbeat situation corresponding to the pulse, and then screen for possible arrhythmia possible events, such as Premature Beats, Atrial Fibrillation, Tachycardia, Slow Heartbeat Bradycardia), Pause, and other symptoms. However, since the basis of the analysis is continuous pulse, it is impossible to distinguish the symptoms that need to be judged by observing the ECG waveform. For example, early-onset contraction is divided into atrial Premature atrial contractions (PAC) to And premature ventricular contractions (PVC) occur in the ventricle. When distinguishing between the two, it is usually possible to determine whether the contraction is from the atria or the ventricle by observing whether the shape of the P wave and/or the QRS wave is abnormal. In addition, since the pulse is the result of the heartbeat measured after passing through the bloodstream in the blood vessel, its accuracy cannot be compared with the electrocardiogram.

因此,透過這樣的設計,當因分析脈搏連續變化而發現出現心律不整可能事件時,只需透過通知訊號即時地通知使用者發現了心律不整可能事件,則使用者就可自然透過手接觸外露心電電極、或是將心電電極戴於手指上、戴於腕上、或接觸身體其他部位的方式,立即進行心電訊號測量,即時取得可能出現心律不整的心電圖,如此一來,就可精準判斷是否真的出現心律不整,甚至可以判斷出心律不整的種類,相當方便。 Therefore, through such a design, when a heart rhythm irregularity event is found due to continuous changes in the analysis pulse, the user can immediately notify the user of the arrhythmia possible event through the notification signal, and the user can naturally touch the exposed heart through the hand. Electro-electrode, or the way the ECG electrode is worn on the finger, worn on the wrist, or in contact with other parts of the body, immediately measure the ECG signal, and instantly obtain an ECG that may have arrhythmia, so that it can be accurate. It is quite convenient to judge whether there is arrhythmia or even to determine the type of arrhythmia.

在此,需要注意地是,雖然圖中所示皆為由頭戴結構承載主機的形式,但亦可實施為其他形式,例如,該生理訊號擷取電路可直接設置於頭戴結構中而省略主機,例如,該頭戴結構可實施為內部具有容置空間、或是實施為可承載電路的軟性電路板等,因此,可依實際情形而變化,沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that although the figure is shown in the form of a head-mounted structure carrying host, it can also be implemented in other forms. For example, the physiological signal capturing circuit can be directly disposed in the head-mounted structure and omitted. The host, for example, the head-mounted structure can be implemented as an internal accommodating space or as a flexible circuit board capable of carrying a circuit, and thus can be changed according to actual conditions without limitation.

接著,根據本發明之穿戴式生理檢測裝置亦可實施為透過一耳戴結構而設置於使用者之一耳朵上。舉例而言,第6A-6B圖顯示了腦電電極配合光感測器之耳戴式生理檢測裝置20的示範性實施實例,在第6A圖的實施例中,該耳戴結構係實施為耳掛結構21配合上耳夾結構22,其中,該耳夾結構22夾設於耳垂上,以作為設置光感測器以及參考腦電電極的位置,而有效腦電電極則是位在該耳掛結構21、或該耳戴結構之其他部分,如殼體23,可與耳朵或耳朵附近區域皮膚接觸的其他位置,以可取得腦電 訊號為原則,亦即,可偵測到大腦皮質活動的位置;另外,在第6B圖的實施例中,該耳戴結構則實施為耳掛結構21配合上耳塞結構24,其中,光感測器以及參考腦電電極設置於該耳塞結構上,以透過接觸外耳道內、外耳道口附近、及/或耳甲腔等位置而取得訊號,以及有效腦電電極係實施為位在該耳掛結構21、或該耳戴結構之其他部分,例如,殼體25,可與耳朵或耳朵附近區域皮膚接觸而取得腦電訊號的位置,因此,實施的形式有各種可能。而且,亦可實施為由單個耳掛結構,亦即,僅耳掛、耳夾、或耳塞結構,完成腦電電極以及光感測器的設置,不受限制。 Next, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention can also be implemented to be placed on one of the ears of the user through an ear-wearing structure. For example, Figures 6A-6B show an exemplary embodiment of an ear-worn physiological detection device 20 with an EEG electrode with a light sensor, in the embodiment of Figure 6A, the ear-worn structure is implemented as an ear. The hanging structure 21 is matched with the upper ear clip structure 22, wherein the ear clip structure 22 is sandwiched on the earlobe as a position for setting the photo sensor and the reference brain electric electrode, and the effective brain electric electrode is located at the ear hook Structure 21, or other portion of the ear-wearing structure, such as housing 23, may be in other locations in contact with the skin near the ear or ear to obtain EEG The signal is a principle, that is, the position of the cerebral cortex can be detected; in addition, in the embodiment of FIG. 6B, the ear wearing structure is implemented as an earloop structure 21 and an upper earplug structure 24, wherein the light sensing And the reference EEG electrode is disposed on the earplug structure to obtain a signal by contacting the inner ear canal, the vicinity of the external ear canal, and/or the ear cavity, and the effective EEG electrode system is implemented in the earloop structure 21 Or other parts of the ear-wearing structure, for example, the housing 25, can be in contact with the skin in the vicinity of the ear or the ear to obtain the position of the EEG signal. Therefore, there are various possibilities for implementing the form. Moreover, it is also possible to implement the setting of the electroencephalogram electrode and the photosensor by a single earhook structure, that is, only the earhook, the ear clip, or the earplug structure, without limitation.

另外,如第7A圖所示,也可實施為腦電電極配合心電電極的耳戴形式生理檢測裝置30,在此實施例中,一個心電電極31實施為外露,以供使用者透過上肢皮膚接觸而達成心電訊號檢測迴路,而另一個心電電極則實施為透過該耳戴結構而接觸耳朵或耳朵附近的皮膚,且其可實施為與其中一個腦電電極共用,或是獨立設置,沒有限制,至於二個腦電電極則是實施為透過該耳掛結構32及/或殼體33而接觸耳朵或耳朵附近可取得腦電訊號的二個位置,亦即,可偵測到大腦皮質活動的位置;或者,亦可增加耳夾結構,例如,夾於耳垂、或耳輪上,並於其中設置共用的參考腦電電極與心電電極,再配合上外露心電電極31,以及因耳掛結構而設置於取樣位置的有效腦電電極。 In addition, as shown in FIG. 7A, the ear-wearing form physiological detecting device 30 may be implemented as an electroencephalogram electrode and an electrocardiographic electrode. In this embodiment, an electrocardiographic electrode 31 is exposed to be exposed for the user to pass through the upper limb. The skin contact contacts the ECG detection circuit, and the other ECG electrode is configured to contact the skin near the ear or ear through the ear-wearing structure, and can be implemented to be shared with one of the EEG electrodes, or independently There is no limitation. As for the two EEG electrodes, two positions can be obtained through the earloop structure 32 and/or the housing 33 to contact the ear or the ear to obtain an EEG signal, that is, the brain can be detected. The position of the cortical activity; or, the ear clip structure may be added, for example, to the earlobe or the ear wheel, and a common reference electroencephalogram electrode and an electrocardiographic electrode are disposed therein, and the exposed electrocardiographic electrode 31 is combined with the An effective EEG electrode that is placed at the sampling position with the earloop structure.

再者,需要上肢皮膚接觸的心電電極亦可實施為透過指戴結構而設置於手指上,如第7B圖所示,或是設置於手腕上,或是設置於手臂、頸部或肩膀附近的位置,如第7C圖即顯示透過頸戴結構而接觸頸部與肩膀皮膚的情形,以提供進一步的方便性,當然,亦可實施為接觸其他的身體 部位,例如,軀幹也是可選擇的位置。 Furthermore, the electrocardiographic electrode that requires skin contact of the upper limb can also be disposed on the finger through the finger-wearing structure, as shown in FIG. 7B, or on the wrist, or placed near the arm, neck or shoulder. The position, as shown in Figure 7C, shows the contact of the neck and shoulder skin through the neck-wearing structure to provide further convenience and, of course, can be implemented to contact other bodies. The part, for example, the torso is also an alternative position.

更進一步,同樣地,亦可實施為同時設置有腦電電極,光感測器,以及心電電極的耳戴式生理檢測裝置40,如第8圖所示,光感測器可透過耳夾42而固定於耳垂上,一個心電電極41實施為外露可供上肢皮膚接觸的形式,而另一個心電電極則實施為位於耳夾42內部,或是透過耳掛結構43及/或殼體44而接觸耳朵或耳朵附近區域的其他位置,另外,如上所述,腦電電極亦有不同的實施可能,例如,可將參考電極亦設置於耳夾42內,或進一步實施為與耳夾內的心電電極共用;或是透過耳戴結構及/或殼體而達成兩個腦電電極與皮膚的接觸,因此,沒有限制。 Further, similarly, it can also be implemented as an ear-worn physiological detecting device 40 provided with an electroencephalogram electrode, a photo sensor, and an electrocardiographic electrode. As shown in FIG. 8, the photo sensor can pass through the ear clip. 42 is fixed to the earlobe, one ECG electrode 41 is implemented to expose the upper limb skin contact, and the other ECG electrode is implemented inside the ear clip 42 or through the earloop structure 43 and/or the housing 44 and other locations in the vicinity of the ear or the vicinity of the ear. In addition, as described above, the electroencephalogram electrode may have different implementation possibilities. For example, the reference electrode may also be disposed in the ear clip 42 or further implemented in the ear clip. The ECG electrodes are shared; or the contact between the two EEG electrodes and the skin is achieved through the ear wearing structure and/or the housing, and thus, there is no limitation.

在此,需要注意地是,在採用耳戴形式時,該生理訊號擷取電路可如第6-8圖所示,容置於該耳戴結構所承載的殼體中,或分置於耳戴結構及殼體中,但不受限地,也可實施為不具有殼體而直接容置於耳戴結構內,例如,耳掛結構、耳塞結構、及/或耳夾結構內,因此,可以有各種可能,並且,耳戴結構可實施為單個或複數個相結合,亦即,可單獨利用耳夾、耳掛、或耳塞結構、也可結合二者或三者而達成裝置、電極與感測器的設置,可依實際實施情形而變化,沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that, when the ear wearing form is adopted, the physiological signal capturing circuit can be placed in the housing carried by the ear wearing structure or placed in the ear as shown in FIGS. 6-8. The wearing structure and the housing, but not limited to the same, can also be directly received in the ear wearing structure without the housing, for example, in the ear hanging structure, the earplug structure, and/or the ear clip structure, therefore, There may be various possibilities, and the ear-wearing structure may be implemented as a single or a plurality of combinations, that is, the ear clip, the ear hook, or the earplug structure may be used alone, or the combination of the two or the three may be used to achieve the device, the electrode and the The setting of the sensor can be changed according to the actual implementation situation, and there is no limitation.

在一較佳實施例中,設置於耳朵及/或耳朵附近的電極及/或光感測器,則實施為利用磁力的方式而附著於耳朵上,舉例而言,可利用隔著耳朵彼此磁性相吸的兩個部件,並將電極及/或感測器設置於兩個部件或其中一部件上的方式而達成,在此,兩個部件可實施為具有磁性,例如,透過內部具有磁性物質、或本身即為磁性物質的方式,或是實施為由可受磁性吸引的材質所製成,舉例而言,可以一個部件實施為具有磁力,而另 一個部件可被磁力吸引,或者,也可是二個部件皆實施為具有磁力,可以有各種實施可能,沒有限制。 In a preferred embodiment, the electrodes and/or photosensors disposed in the vicinity of the ear and/or the ear are implemented to be attached to the ear by means of magnetic force, for example, magnetically separated from each other by the ear. The two components are attracted together, and the electrodes and/or the sensor are disposed on the two components or one of the components. Here, the two components can be implemented to have magnetic properties, for example, magnetic substances through the interior. Or in the form of a magnetic substance itself, or as a material that is magnetically attracted, for example, one part can be implemented to have a magnetic force, and the other One component can be attracted by magnetic force, or both components can be implemented to have a magnetic force, and various implementation possibilities are possible without limitation.

於再一較佳實施例中,還可於裝置內增設動作感測元件,例如,加速度器,以得知使用者於測量期間的移動情形,例如,耳朵、頭部、及/或整個身體的移動情形,藉此,就可對所測得的生理訊號,例如,腦電訊號、心電訊號及/或光感測訊號,進行校正,例如,可用以校正因頭部或身體移動所造成的訊號不穩定,進而讓提供予使用者的資訊內容更貼近實際情形,有助於提升神經生理回饋所達到的效果。 In still another preferred embodiment, a motion sensing component, such as an accelerometer, can be added to the device to know the movement of the user during the measurement, for example, the ear, the head, and/or the entire body. In the case of movement, the measured physiological signals, such as brain signals, electrocardiograms and/or light sensing signals, can be corrected, for example, to correct for head or body movements. The signal is unstable, which makes the information content provided to the user closer to the actual situation, which helps to improve the effect of neurophysiological feedback.

此外,也可額外偵測其他的生理訊號,舉例而言,可偵測其他於進行生理回饋程序時經常監測的生理訊號,例如,受自律神經影響的皮膚電活動(EDA,Electrodermal Activity)、末稍肢體溫度等,以作為提供回饋資訊的參考,例如,可於腦部活動資訊之外,額外提供相關自律神經活動的資訊,或者,可以綜合考慮兩者之後,再提供使用者進行神經生理回饋所需的資訊,只要能正確且有效的表達即時的生理狀態,都是可選擇的方式。 In addition, other physiological signals can be additionally detected. For example, other physiological signals that are frequently monitored during the physiological feedback process can be detected, for example, electrodermal activity (EDA, Electrodermal Activity), A slight limb temperature, etc., as a reference for providing feedback information, for example, additional information about the autonomic nervous activity may be provided in addition to brain activity information, or the user may be provided for neurophysiological feedback after considering the two. The information required, as long as it can correctly and effectively express the immediate physiological state, is an alternative.

而且,由於血壓的高低與自律神經的活動有一定的關係,一般而言,交感神經活性增加會造成壓力升高,因此,可透過心電電極配合上光感測器,得出脈波傳遞時間(Pulse Transit Time,PTT),然後,透過PTT與血壓值間特定的關係而計算出參考的血壓值,如此一來,就可在回饋期間提供使用者即時的血壓變化趨勢,或是提供回饋區段前後的血壓值,以讓使用者瞭解神經生理回饋的進行是否對血壓造成影響等;另外,類似地,也可藉由設置二個光感測器,例如,除了頭部/耳朵外,另於手指上設置一 光感測器,並透過計算兩處脈波傳遞的時間差而得到同樣的資訊。 Moreover, since the level of blood pressure has a certain relationship with the activity of the autonomic nervous system, in general, the increase in sympathetic nerve activity causes an increase in pressure. Therefore, the pulse wave transit time can be obtained by the electrocardiographic electrode coupled with the illuminating sensor. (Pulse Transit Time, PTT), then calculate the reference blood pressure value through a specific relationship between the PTT and the blood pressure value, so that the user can provide an immediate blood pressure change trend during the feedback period, or provide a feedback area. The blood pressure value before and after the segment to let the user know whether the progress of the neurophysiological feedback affects the blood pressure; in addition, similarly, two photo sensors can be provided, for example, in addition to the head/ear, Set one on your finger The light sensor, and the same information is obtained by calculating the time difference between the two pulse waves.

接著,在本發明中,腦部活動資訊以及呼吸導引訊號乃是透過一可感知訊號產生源而提供予使用者。透過該可感知訊號產生源與穿戴式生理檢測裝置之間的溝通,例如,透過如藍芽、WiFi等的一般無線通訊方式,該可感知訊號產生源就可接收來自設置於頭上之生理檢測裝置的輸入,並即時的提供予使用者,因而可達成神經生理回饋迴路。 Next, in the present invention, brain activity information and respiratory guidance signals are provided to the user through a perceptible signal generation source. The communication between the sensible signal generating source and the wearable physiological detecting device, for example, through a general wireless communication method such as Bluetooth, WiFi, etc., the sensible signal generating source can receive the physiological detecting device from the head. The input is provided to the user in real time, thus achieving a neurophysiological feedback loop.

在此,該可感知訊號產生源係實施為透過視覺可感知訊號及/或聽覺可感知訊號而提供使用者相關腦部活動的資訊以及呼吸導引訊號,例如,可透過發光顏色,發光強度,聲音,及/或語音等的變化,沒有限制;並且,該可感知訊號產生源的實施形式可以有許多選擇,舉例而言,該可感知訊號產生源可特殊地實施為一獨立的發光體,例如,一球體,或一任何形狀的物體,或實施為具有顯示及/或發聲功能的裝置,例如,手機,手錶,平版電腦,以及個人電腦等。 Here, the sensible signal generating source is configured to provide information about the user's brain activity and the breathing guide signal through the visually sensible signal and/or the audible sensible signal, for example, the illuminating color, the illuminating intensity, There is no limitation on the change of the sound, and/or the voice; and the implementation of the sensible signal generating source can have many options. For example, the sensible signal generating source can be specially implemented as a separate illuminant. For example, a sphere, or an object of any shape, or implemented as a device having display and/or audible functions, such as a cell phone, a watch, a lithographic computer, and a personal computer.

或者,該可感知訊號產生源亦可實施為與該穿戴式生理檢測裝置結合在一起的顯示單元及/或發聲模組等,舉例而言,無論是採用頭戴結構或耳戴結構,該可感知訊號產生源皆可實施為延伸自該頭戴結構/耳戴結構的一顯示元件、一發光源、及/或一耳機等,例如,可實施為一眼鏡,以承載腦電電極及心率感測單元,並透過鏡片顯示資訊,及/或透過結合於眼鏡腳附近之耳機提供聲音、語音等;或者,亦可實施為一耳機,在承載腦電電極及心率感測單元的同時,亦透過聲音、或語音提供資訊,及/或再延伸出一顯示元件或發光源至眼前,以提供視覺感知訊號等。因此,沒有限制。 Alternatively, the sensible signal generating source can also be implemented as a display unit and/or a sounding module combined with the wearable physiological detecting device. For example, whether a head-mounted structure or an ear-wearing structure is used, The sensing signal generating source can be implemented as a display element extending from the head-mounted structure/ear-wearing structure, a light source, and/or an earphone, etc., for example, can be implemented as a pair of glasses to carry an EEG electrode and a sense of heart rate. Measuring unit, and displaying information through the lens, and/or providing sound, voice, etc. through earphones coupled to the vicinity of the temple; or, as an earphone, carrying the EEG electrode and the heart rate sensing unit, The sound, or voice, provides information, and/or extends a display element or source of light to the front to provide visual perception signals and the like. Therefore, there is no limit.

所以,當使用者利用本發明的穿戴式生理檢測裝置而執行一神經生理回饋程序時,以第1圖為例,將該穿戴式生理檢測裝置設置於頭上,以透過設置於頭帶內側的腦電電極取得使用者的腦波,以及光感測器取得心率序列,之後,再將實施為發光體的可感知訊號產生源設置於身體前方眼睛可自然看見的位置,並使頭上的生理檢測裝置與該發光體進行溝通,如此一來,即可開始進行神經生理回饋程序。 Therefore, when the user performs a neurophysiological feedback program using the wearable physiological detecting device of the present invention, the wearable physiological detecting device is placed on the head to transmit the brain disposed on the inner side of the headband. The electric electrode obtains the brain wave of the user, and the photo sensor obtains the heart rate sequence, and then sets the sensible signal generating source that is implemented as the illuminant to a position that the eye in front of the body can naturally see, and the physiological detecting device on the head Communicate with the illuminator, and as a result, the neurophysiological feedback procedure can begin.

在此,由於結合了呼吸練習以及神經生理回饋,因此,如前所述,基於呼吸練習的進行,需提供使用者呼吸導引訊號,而基於神經生理回饋,則需提供使用者反應執行神經生理回饋而發生改變之生理活動的資訊,而該發光體即是提供的媒介。 Here, since the breathing practice and the neurophysiological feedback are combined, as described above, based on the progress of the breathing exercise, the user's breathing guidance signal is required, and based on the neurophysiological feedback, the user is required to perform the neurophysiological reaction. The feedback is given to the information of the physiological activity of the change, and the illuminant is the medium provided.

在此實施例中,該發光體所產生之可讓使用者感知的訊號包括發光強度以及發光顏色,其中,發光強度用以表現呼吸導引,而發光顏色則用以表現相關使用者腦部活動的資訊。 In this embodiment, the signal generated by the illuminator to be perceived by the user includes the illuminance intensity and the illuminating color, wherein the illuminating intensity is used to express the breathing guide, and the illuminating color is used to express the related user brain activity. Information.

由於呼吸導引訊號的目的在於讓使用者跟隨著進行呼吸,故需要能夠表現出吸氣與吐氣間的分別,因此,該發光體係透過發光強度的強弱連續變化而代表吸氣與吐氣的連續變化,例如,以發光強度逐漸增強作為逐漸吸氣的導引,並以發光強度逐漸減弱作為逐漸吐氣的導引,如此一來,使用者就可清楚且容易地隨之進行吸吐。 Since the purpose of the breathing guide signal is to allow the user to follow the breathing, it is necessary to be able to express the difference between the inhalation and the exhalation. Therefore, the illumination system continuously changes the intensity of the illumination to represent the continuous change of inspiration and exhalation. For example, the gradual increase in luminous intensity is used as a guide for gradual inhalation, and the gradual weakening of the illuminating intensity is used as a guide for gradual exhalation, so that the user can clearly and easily perform the vomiting.

當進行以放鬆為目標的神經生理回饋程序時,其中一種選擇是觀察腦波中α波所佔的比例。在腦波中,一般而言,α波佔優勢時表示人體處於放鬆的清醒狀態,因此透過觀察α波所佔比例可得知放鬆的程度。據此,在開始進行神經生理回饋程序後,該發光體提供呼吸導引(透過發光 強度的連續變化),以引導使用者調整其呼吸,同時間,戴於頭上的生理檢測裝置亦進行腦波的檢測,而所取得的腦波則在經過一演算式的計算後,可得出一分析結果,例如,α波所佔比例,並根據分析結果而產生一相關使用者腦部活動的資訊,接著,該發光體即根據該相關使用者腦部活動的資訊而改變其發光顏色。 When performing a neurophysiological feedback procedure targeting relaxation, one of the options is to observe the proportion of alpha waves in the brain waves. In the brain wave, in general, the α wave predominates to indicate that the human body is in a state of relaxation and waking state, so the degree of relaxation can be known by observing the proportion of the alpha wave. Accordingly, after starting the neurophysiological feedback procedure, the illuminator provides respiratory guidance (through illuminating) Continuous change in intensity) to guide the user to adjust their breathing. At the same time, the physiological detection device worn on the head also detects the brain wave, and the obtained brain wave is calculated after a calculation. An analysis result, for example, the proportion of the alpha wave, and based on the analysis result, generates information about the brain activity of the user, and then the illuminator changes its illuminating color according to the information of the related user's brain activity.

舉例而言,可在程序一開始時先取得一基準值,例如,α波佔總腦波能量的百分比,之後再將分析所得的結果與該基準值進行比較,以得出與該基準值間的關係,例如,比例增加或減少,而該發光體即可以此為基礎而透過發光顏色的改變即時地向使用者傳達其生理狀態的改變情形,例如,可利用多種顏色表示,如越接近藍色表示越放鬆,越接近紅色表示越緊張,也可以同一顏色的深淺為依據,顏色越淺代表越放鬆,顏色越深代表越緊張,如此一來,使用者就可很簡單地透過顏色的改變而得知自己的身心狀態是緊張或是放鬆,並在跟隨呼吸導引的同時亦進行自我意識調控(self-regulation),而使發光顏色進一步趨向更放鬆的目標。 For example, a reference value may be obtained at the beginning of the program, for example, the alpha wave is a percentage of the total brain wave energy, and then the result of the analysis is compared with the reference value to obtain a relationship with the reference value. The relationship, for example, the increase or decrease of the ratio, and the illuminant can instantly convey the change of the physiological state to the user through the change of the illuminating color based on the illuminant, for example, the color representation can be utilized, for example, the closer to the blue The more relaxed the color is, the more nervous it is, the more intense it is. It can also be based on the depth of the same color. The lighter the color, the more relaxed it is. The darker the color, the more nervous it is. As a result, the user can easily change the color. And to know that their physical and mental state is nervous or relaxed, and also follow the breathing guide while self-regulation, and make the color of the light further toward a more relaxed goal.

替代地,也可藉由觀察不同腦部部位之腦部活動的能量平衡狀況以及同步性來瞭解人體的放鬆程度或情緒意識狀態,舉例而言,當人體出現正面的情緒反應時,左前額葉皮質區會被活化,而當出現負面情緒反應時,則右前額葉皮質區會被活化,因此,就可透過偵測,例如,Fp1以及Fp2位置的腦電訊號而瞭解此兩部分的大腦皮質活動情形;另外,亦有研究顯示,當人腦處於α波同步的狀態時,可達到意識清楚且放鬆的狀態,因此,可藉由偵測不同腦部部位的腦部活動,例如,Fp1與Fp2有關前額葉區,C3與C4有關頂葉區,O1與O2有關枕葉區,以及T3與T4有關顳葉區等,而 瞭解腦部是否處於同步狀態。在此情形下,舉例而言,透過調整頭戴結構中腦電電極的位置,或是可利用同一個裝置之二個具有腦電電極的耳戴結構分置於二個耳朵上,或是採用二個耳戴式生理檢測裝置分置於二個耳朵上等,都可得到不同腦部部位的腦部活動情形。 Alternatively, the degree of relaxation or emotional state of the human body can be understood by observing the energy balance and synchrony of brain activity in different brain regions. For example, when the body has a positive emotional response, the left prefrontal lobe The cortical area is activated, and when a negative emotional response occurs, the right prefrontal cortex is activated. Therefore, the two parts of the cerebral cortex can be understood by detecting, for example, EEG signals at Fp1 and Fp2 positions. In addition, studies have shown that when the human brain is in the state of alpha wave synchronization, it can achieve a clear and relaxed state of mind. Therefore, by detecting brain activity in different brain parts, for example, Fp1 and Fp2 is related to the prefrontal area, C3 and C4 are related to the parietal lobe, O1 and O2 are related to the occipital lobe, and T3 and T4 are related to the temporal lobe, etc. Understand if the brain is in sync. In this case, for example, by adjusting the position of the EEG electrode in the head-mounted structure, or by using two ear-wearing structures having the EEG electrode of the same device, it may be placed on the two ears, or The two ear-wearing physiological detection devices are placed on two ears, etc., and the brain activity of different brain parts can be obtained.

而進一步地,當神經生理回饋的目標為放鬆時,針對心率序列進行分析而獲得的自律神經活動情形,亦可作為調整發光顏色的基礎,例如,當副交感神經活動增加、及/或副交感神經活性與交感神經活性的比例增加時,表示身體放鬆度增加,因此,就可綜合此資訊與相關腦部活動的資訊而一起評估使用者身體的放鬆度,進而調整回饋予使用者的發光顏色變化。 Further, when the goal of neurophysiological feedback is relaxation, the autonomic nervous activity obtained by analyzing the heart rate sequence can also serve as a basis for adjusting the illuminating color, for example, when parasympathetic activity increases, and/or parasympathetic activity. When the ratio of sympathetic activity increases, it means that the degree of relaxation of the body is increased. Therefore, the information can be combined with the information about the brain activity to evaluate the relaxation of the user's body, and then adjust the color change of the illuminating feedback to the user.

再者,由於可透過心率序列而取得RSA資訊,故還可觀察心率,呼吸以及腦電訊號間的同步性(synchronization),以做為回饋的依據。根據研究顯示,呼氣與吸氣會造成血管內血流量的波動,且此波動亦會隨著血流到達腦部,進而造成腦波在接近呼吸速率之低頻區段,例如,低於0.5赫茲,的波動,因此,除了可得知兩者間是否因共振作用而達成同步性外,亦可因此透過觀察腦波而得知呼吸模式,另外,由於心臟的竇房節及血管系統受自律神經系統的調控,而且,自律神經系統亦會透過壓力受器系統(baroreceptor system)將心率及血壓的改變饋送回腦部,進而影響腦部的功能與運作,例如,影響大腦皮質,並可由EEG測得,再加上有意識地控制呼吸可因影響自律神經而造成心率改變,因此,三者間存在著彼此影響的關係,是故,三者間良好的同步性即可代表人體處於較為放鬆的狀態,據此,此相關同步性的分析結果同樣可作為提供使用者進行自我意識 調整的資訊,以進行神經生理回饋。 Furthermore, since the RSA information can be obtained through the heart rate sequence, the heart rate, the respiration, and the synchronization between the EEG signals can be observed as a basis for feedback. According to research, exhalation and inspiration cause fluctuations in blood flow in the blood vessels, and this fluctuation also reaches the brain with blood flow, which causes the brain waves to approach the low-frequency segment of the respiratory rate, for example, below 0.5 Hz. Fluctuation, therefore, in addition to knowing whether the synchronization between the two is achieved by resonance, the breathing pattern can be known by observing the brain wave, and the autonomic nerve is also caused by the sinus node and the vascular system of the heart. Systematic regulation, and the autonomic nervous system also feeds heart rate and blood pressure changes back to the brain through the baroreceptor system, which affects the function and function of the brain, for example, affecting the cerebral cortex, and can be measured by EEG. Yes, coupled with conscious control of breathing can affect the heart rate caused by the influence of autonomic nerves, therefore, there is a relationship between the three, so the good synchronization between the three can represent the body is more relaxed State, according to which the analysis of the relevant synchronicity can also serve as a self-awareness for the user Adjust the information for neurophysiological feedback.

另外,也可實施為藉由觀察血流量的波動而得知使用者的呼吸模式,例如,可透過設置於耳朵、額頭等位置上的光感測器,取得脈搏變化,進而得知血流量的變化。 In addition, it is also possible to detect the breathing pattern of the user by observing the fluctuation of the blood flow. For example, the pulse sensor can be obtained through a light sensor provided at a position such as an ear or a forehead to obtain a blood flow. Variety.

另外,當以提高專注力為目標時,則可選擇觀察θ波與β波的比例。在腦波中,β波佔優勢時表示人體處於清醒且緊張的狀態,而θ波佔優勢時則表示人體處於放鬆且意識中斷的狀態,因此,可藉由提高β波相對於θ波的比例而達到提高專注力的目的,例如,治療ADHD(Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,注意力缺陷過動症)患者的其中一種方法即是透過神經生理回饋的方式觀察其θ波/β波的比值。據此,在利用本發明的系統而開始進行神經生理回饋程序後,該發光體提供呼吸導引訊號(透過發光強度的連續變化),以引導使用者調整其呼吸,同時間,戴於頭上生理檢測裝置亦進行腦波的檢測,以進一步分析θ波以及β波的比例,例如,θ波與β波分別佔總腦波能量的比例,或是計算出θ/θ+β以及β/θ+β等,之後,根據分析結果而產生一相關使用者腦部活動態的資訊,而該發光體即以該相關使用者腦部活動的資訊為基礎,而透過發光顏色的改變即時地向使用者傳達其腦部功能的改變情形,例如,可利用多種顏色表示,越接近藍色表示專注力越低,越接近紅色表示專注力越高,也可以同一顏色的深淺為依據,顏色越淺代表專注力越低,顏色越深代表專注力越高,如此一來,使用者就可很簡單地透過顏色的改變而得知自己的專注力是否提高,並在跟隨呼吸導引的同時亦進行自我意識調控(self-regulation),而使發光顏色進一步趨向提高專注的目標。 In addition, when aiming at increasing concentration, you can choose to observe the ratio of the θ wave to the β wave. In the brain wave, when the β wave dominates, the human body is in a state of waking and nervous, and when the θ wave is dominant, the human body is in a relaxed state and the consciousness is interrupted. Therefore, the ratio of the β wave to the θ wave can be increased. For the purpose of improving concentration, for example, one of the methods for treating patients with ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is to observe the ratio of the θ wave/β wave through neurophysiological feedback. Accordingly, after the neurophysiological feedback procedure is initiated using the system of the present invention, the illuminator provides a respiratory guidance signal (through a continuous change in illumination intensity) to guide the user in adjusting their breathing while simultaneously wearing the head physiology The detection device also performs brain wave detection to further analyze the ratio of the θ wave and the β wave, for example, the ratio of the θ wave and the β wave to the total brain wave energy, respectively, or calculate θ/θ+β and β/θ+等, etc., and then, according to the analysis result, a related information about the activity state of the user's brain is generated, and the illuminant is based on the information of the related user's brain activity, and the user changes the illuminating color to the user immediately. It conveys changes in the function of the brain. For example, it can be represented by multiple colors. The closer to the blue, the lower the concentration. The closer to the red, the higher the concentration. The lighter the depth of the same color. The lighter the color, the more focused. The lower the force, the darker the color means the higher the concentration. As a result, the user can easily know whether his concentration is improved through the change of color and follow. Suction guide while also self-awareness regulation (self-regulation), the emission color tends to further improve the focus target.

而除了觀察θ波與β波的比例外,皮層慢電位(SCP,slow cortical potential)亦是提高專注力之神經生理回饋,例如,治療ADHD患者時,經常觀察的腦部活動,其中,SCP的負向偏移(negative shift)相關於較集中的注意力,以及SCP的正向偏移(positive shift)則相關於降低的注意力。 In addition to observing the ratio of theta waves to the beta waves, the slow cortical potential (SCP) is also a neurophysiological feedback that increases concentration. For example, when treating patients with ADHD, brain activity is often observed, among them, SCP The negative shift is related to the more concentrated attention, and the positive shift of the SCP is related to the reduced attention.

在此,該發光顏色所代表的腦部活動,可實施為各種可能,例如,可如上所述地以經換算後的放鬆或專注程度作為變化依據,或是可用以表示生理訊號的變化,例如,α波所佔的比例變化等,因此,沒有限制。而且,發光顏色的變化方式亦無一定的限制,重點在於讓使用者可以簡單且清楚地瞭解自己的生理狀態,且可藉以驅使使用者進行自我意識調控,以達到目標生理狀態。 Here, the brain activity represented by the illuminating color can be implemented as various possibilities, for example, the converted degree of relaxation or concentration can be used as a basis for change as described above, or can be used to indicate changes in physiological signals, for example, , the proportion of the alpha wave changes, etc., therefore, there is no limit. Moreover, there is no limitation on the way the illuminating color changes. The key point is that the user can understand his or her physiological state simply and clearly, and can drive the user to self-consciously control to achieve the target physiological state.

因此,透過本發明的裝置,使用者可以很自然地結合呼吸調控以及透過自我意識控制而影響腦部活動的程序,無須特別地學習步驟,而其中很重要的原因就在於,該可感知訊號產生源所產生的可感知訊號包括兩種資訊,例如,在第1圖實施例中,該單一發光體所產生的視覺可感知訊號透過發光強度以及發光顏色分別表現了呼吸導引訊號以及即時生理狀態兩種資訊。 Therefore, with the device of the present invention, the user can naturally combine the regulation of breathing and the process of affecting brain activity through self-consciousness control, without special learning steps, and the important reason is that the sensible signal is generated. The sensible signal generated by the source includes two kinds of information. For example, in the embodiment of FIG. 1, the visually sensible signal generated by the single illuminator expresses the respiratory guiding signal and the immediate physiological state through the illuminating intensity and the illuminating color respectively. Two kinds of information.

在習知技術中,當進行神經生理回饋時,對於使用者的回饋方式通常會實施為,舉例而言,隨著執行神經生理回饋之成效而產生移動的物體,例如,飄浮在空中的氣球,當身體越放鬆時,氣球飄的越高;或是隨生理狀態而產生變化的圖形,例如,會因為身體越來越放鬆而持續盛開的花朵;或是直接顯示測量數值的改變;而提供呼吸導引的方式則多實 施為,舉例而言,透過上下起伏的波形代表吸氣及吐氣。因此,當結合兩者時,使用者很容易因過於複雜、變動過大、或不容易理解之數值的視覺顯示方式而受到干擾,甚至反而可能增加使用者的精神壓力,效果不升反降。 In the prior art, when performing neurophysiological feedback, the feedback mode for the user is usually implemented, for example, by moving the object with the effect of performing neurophysiological feedback, for example, a balloon floating in the air, The more relaxed the body, the higher the balloon floats; or the pattern that changes with the physiological state, for example, the flower that blooms because the body is more and more relaxed; or directly shows the change in the measured value; How to guide the way For example, the waveforms that pass through the upper and lower undulations represent inhalation and exhalation. Therefore, when combining the two, the user is easily disturbed by the visual display mode of the value that is too complicated, too large, or not easy to understand, and may even increase the user's mental stress, and the effect does not rise and fall.

所以,針對上述這些可能出現的問題,本發明在考慮如何提供資訊予使用者時,即選擇了透過單一個物體表示兩種資訊的方式,盡可能的簡化複雜度,不讓使用者產生精神負擔,也讓使用者很容易就可使用本裝置。本發明所揭示之顯示方式所具有的優勢包括: Therefore, in view of the above-mentioned possible problems, the present invention considers how to provide two kinds of information through a single object when considering how to provide information to the user, so as to simplify the complexity as much as possible, and not to cause a mental burden on the user. It also makes it easy for users to use the device. The advantages of the display mode disclosed by the present invention include:

1.發光強度的大小變化,與一般節奏、韻律的表示方式類似,使用者無須經過思考轉換,可直覺地獲得引導而控制吸氣與吐氣。 1. The change in the intensity of the luminous intensity is similar to the general rhythm and rhythm representation. The user does not need to go through the thinking conversion, and can intuitively obtain guidance to control inhalation and exhalation.

2.發光顏色對使用者而言是很容易理解的生理狀態表示方式,相較於直接提供數值變化,人體對於利用顏色種類及/或深淺變化等來表示程度、等級的改變,很容易產生認同感,因此能更自然地回應而做出自我意識調控。 2. The illuminating color is an easy-to-understand physiological state representation for the user. Compared with directly providing numerical changes, the human body can easily identify the change in degree and level by using the color type and/or the depth change. Sense, so it can respond more naturally and make self-consciousness.

3.視覺的焦點僅有一個,不會有結合兩個程序而需要注意兩個焦點的問題,更有助於集中注意力。 3. There is only one focus of vision. There is no problem that needs to pay attention to two focuses when combining two programs, and it helps to concentrate.

因此,結合兩種程序所可能產生的複雜性,透過精心設計的可感知訊號表現方式,即可被排除,不但有效減少了使用者於使用時的負擔感,亦因此達成了效果加成的新穎回饋程序。 Therefore, combining the complexity of the two programs, through the well-designed and perceptible signal representation, can be eliminated, which not only effectively reduces the user's sense of burden during use, but also achieves a new effect enhancement. Feedback program.

而除了利用單一發光體的形式提供發光強度及發光顏色變化外,也可透過其他具顯示功能的裝置而達成,舉例而言,可以是一螢幕上的一發光源,例如,平板電腦、手機、手錶、個人電腦的螢幕等,進一 步,該發光源亦可實施為圖像的一部分,例如,人形圖像的頭部,或是腹部位置等,有助於使用者在自我意識調控時想像體內的活動,此外,除了實體光源的形式外,光圈亦是良好的實施形式,例如,人形頭部周圍的光圈同樣有助於使用者進行想像。而當實施為如上述之螢幕上的發光源或光圈時,還可進一步透過發光範圍的直徑大小變化來表示發光強度的變化,以加強引導吸氣與吐氣的效果。因此,可依實際實施狀況而加以變化,沒有限制。 In addition to using a single illuminant to provide illumination intensity and illuminating color change, it can also be achieved by other devices having a display function. For example, it can be a light source on a screen, for example, a tablet computer or a mobile phone. Watches, screens of personal computers, etc. In step, the illumination source can also be implemented as part of an image, for example, the head of the humanoid image, or the position of the abdomen, etc., to help the user imagine the activity in the body during self-consciousness regulation, in addition to the physical light source. In addition to the form, the aperture is also a good form of implementation. For example, the aperture around the human head also helps the user to imagine. When the light source or the aperture on the screen as described above is implemented, the change in the diameter of the light-emitting range can be further indicated to indicate the change in the light-emitting intensity to enhance the effect of guiding the inhalation and the exhalation. Therefore, it can be changed according to the actual implementation situation, and there is no limitation.

另外,亦可額外提供聽覺可感知訊號,例如,聲音或語音,以在使用者需要閉眼進行回饋區段的時候,提供另一種選擇,舉例而言,可以透過音量的強度代表吸氣及吐氣的連續變化,以及透過不同的聲音種類,例如,鳥叫聲、海浪聲等,或不同曲目而代表不同的生理狀態;或者,也可透過語音指示使用者進行吸氣及吐氣,而由聲音頻率高低代表生理狀態,例如,越高頻的聲音表示越緊張,越低頻表示越放鬆等,因此,沒有限制。並且,聽覺可感知訊號可實施為由該可感知訊號產生源、及/或由該穿戴式生理檢測裝置而提供,同樣沒有限制。 In addition, an audible sensory signal, such as sound or voice, may be additionally provided to provide another option when the user needs to close the eye for the feedback section. For example, the intensity of the volume may represent the inhalation and exhalation. Continuously changing, and through different sound types, such as bird sounds, sea waves, etc., or different tracks to represent different physiological states; or, voices can be used to indicate the user to inhale and exhale, and the frequency of the sound is high or low. Representing a physiological state, for example, the higher the frequency of the sound, the more nervous, the lower the frequency, the more relaxed, and the like, and therefore, there is no limitation. Moreover, the auditory sensible signal can be implemented as being provided by the audible signal generating source and/or by the wearable physiological detecting device, again without limitation.

至於該呼吸導引訊號,亦同樣有許多實施可能性。在一般呼吸練習中,呼吸導引訊號的類型主要分為三種,一為預設固定的呼吸變化模式,例如,呼吸速率設定為固定每分鐘8次;一為預設隨時間變化的呼吸變化模式,例如,在1個15分鐘的區段中,呼吸速率設定為前面5分鐘每分鐘10次,中間5分鐘每分鐘8次,以及最後5分鐘每分鐘6次;以及另一則為隨生理狀態而動態變化的呼吸變化模式。因此,在本發明中,該呼吸導引訊號除了可提供預設為固定以及隨時間變化之呼吸變化模式外,透過該穿 戴式生理檢測裝置所取得的腦電訊號、及/或心率序列,該呼吸導引訊號就可實施為隨生理狀態而動態變化,以提供更有效引導使用者朝向目標生理狀態的呼吸變化模式。 As for the breathing guide signal, there are also many implementation possibilities. In general breathing exercises, the types of breathing guide signals are mainly divided into three types, one is a preset fixed breathing change mode, for example, the breathing rate is set to be fixed 8 times per minute; one is a preset breathing change mode that changes with time. For example, in a 15-minute session, the breathing rate is set to 10 times per minute for the first 5 minutes, 8 times per minute for the 5 minutes in the middle, and 6 times per minute for the last 5 minutes; and the other is with the physiological state. Dynamically changing pattern of breathing changes. Therefore, in the present invention, the breathing guide signal can be provided through the wearing in addition to the breathing change mode which is preset to be fixed and changed with time. The electroencephalogram signal and/or the heart rate sequence obtained by the wearable physiological detecting device can be implemented to dynamically change with the physiological state to provide a breathing change mode that more effectively guides the user toward the target physiological state.

使用者的生理狀態影響該呼吸導引訊號的方式亦有各種不同的實施選擇。舉例而言,可透過分析心率序列而得知使用者的實際呼吸行為,進而得知與導引訊號間的差異,並據以調整呼吸導引訊號,例如,當使用者本身的呼吸速率已低於呼吸導引訊號所提供的速率,此時就可降低呼吸導引訊號的呼吸速率,以引導使用者進一步提升生理回饋的效果。 There are various implementation options for the manner in which the user's physiological state affects the breathing guide signal. For example, by analyzing the heart rate sequence, the actual breathing behavior of the user can be known, and then the difference between the guided signal and the guided signal can be known, and the breathing guide signal can be adjusted accordingly, for example, when the user's own breathing rate is low. At the rate provided by the breathing guide signal, the breathing rate of the breathing guide signal can be lowered at this time to guide the user to further enhance the physiological feedback effect.

或者,也可對心率序列進行HRV分析而得知自律神經活動的情形,進而推知使用者的放鬆程度,當放鬆程度已增加且維持穩定時,呼吸導引訊號可實施為進一步降低呼吸速率,例如,從每分鐘8-10次,降至每分鐘6-8次,以進一步增加放鬆程度;或者,也可實施為在使用者的放鬆程度已達預期目標時、或是呼吸的控制已穩定地吻合呼吸導引時,停止呼吸導引訊號的提供,而讓使用者可專注於進行自我意識調控,僅在發現呼吸又出現不穩定、或放鬆程度又降低時,才又開始進行呼吸導引,因此,沒有限制。 Alternatively, the heart rate sequence may be subjected to HRV analysis to know the situation of autonomic nerve activity, thereby inferring the degree of relaxation of the user. When the degree of relaxation has increased and remains stable, the respiratory guidance signal may be implemented to further reduce the breathing rate, for example, , from 8-10 times per minute to 6-8 times per minute, to further increase the degree of relaxation; or, it can be implemented when the user's degree of relaxation has reached the desired goal, or the control of breathing has stabilized When the breathing guide is matched, the supply of the breathing guide signal is stopped, and the user can concentrate on self-consciousness regulation, and only when the breathing is found to be unstable or the degree of relaxation is lowered, the breathing guidance is started again. Therefore, there is no limit.

此外,特別地是,亦可實施為,特意透過呼吸導引訊號之提供的有無而讓使用者交替地進行呼吸調控以及透過自我意識調控而改變生理狀態的程序。根據研究顯示,當進行藉由自我意識調控而影響生理狀態的程序時,若呼吸能處於平順且穩定的狀態,則回饋所產生的效果可獲得加乘,因此,透過間歇地先提供呼吸導引訊號一段時間而讓使用者習慣該呼吸模式,以達到呼吸的穩定,之後,再透過停止呼吸導引,而讓使用者 在自然延續已習慣之呼吸模式下單純地專注於進行自我意識調控程序,這樣的流程將可進一步提升回饋的效果。 In addition, in particular, it may be implemented as a program that allows the user to alternately perform respiratory regulation and change the physiological state through self-consciousness regulation through the presence or absence of the provision of the respiratory guidance signal. According to research, when the procedure of affecting the physiological state is controlled by self-consciousness, if the breathing energy is in a smooth and stable state, the effect of the feedback can be multiplied. Therefore, the respiratory guidance is provided first by intermittently. The signal is used for a period of time to let the user get used to the breathing mode to achieve stable breathing. Then, by stopping the breathing guide, the user is allowed to In the natural continuation of the habitual breathing mode, simply focusing on the self-awareness control program, this process will further enhance the feedback effect.

而且,由於呼吸練習對於自律神經的影響有延遲反應,因此,透過間歇地提供導引訊號的方式,再配合上本發明結合呼吸練習與自我意識調控程序的特性,可在不提供呼吸導引而讓呼吸練習對自律神經之影響呈現的期間,方便地讓使用者進行自我意識調控程序,而讓呼吸練習的效果獲得加成。 Moreover, since the breathing exercises have a delayed response to the effects of the autonomic nerves, by providing the guidance signals intermittently, in combination with the characteristics of the present invention combined with the breathing practice and the self-awareness control program, the breathing guidance can be provided without During the period in which the breathing exercises are exerted on the autonomic nerves, it is convenient for the user to perform self-awareness control procedures, and the effects of breathing exercises are added.

在此,呼吸練習與自我意識調控程序的交替轉換,亦即,呼吸導引訊號之提供的有無,可如上所述地根據使用者的生理狀態而決定,也可以是根據預設的時間間隔,固定地進行切換,沒有限制。此外,當採用固定切換的方式時,還可進一步實施為,呼吸導引訊號是在呼吸速率快以及慢之間切換,例如,每分鐘6-8次以及每分鐘10-12次,而這樣的方式則可有助於,例如,專注力切換的訓練,達到更靈活的控制能力。 Here, the alternating conversion of the breathing practice and the self-awareness control program, that is, the presence or absence of the supply of the breathing guidance signal, may be determined according to the physiological state of the user as described above, or may be based on a preset time interval. Switching is fixed, there is no limit. In addition, when the fixed switching mode is adopted, it may be further implemented that the breathing guide signal is switched between fast and slow breathing rate, for example, 6-8 times per minute and 10-12 times per minute, and such This can help, for example, focus on switching training for more flexible control.

另外,需要注意地是,該呼吸導引訊號的提供模式可實施為,該呼吸導引訊號(可以是預設固定、預設隨時間變化、或動態變化)是由該穿戴式生理檢測裝置傳送至該可感知訊號產生源後,例如,智慧型手機,平板電腦,智慧手錶等,再由該可感知訊號產生源將該呼吸導引訊號提供給使用者,以供使用者進行呼吸練習;或者,也可以是,該可感知訊號產生源原本即具有預設的呼吸變化模式可提供予使用者,但會進一步地接收來自該穿戴式生理檢測裝置的輸入,而調整其呼吸導引訊號,因此,沒有限制。 In addition, it should be noted that the breathing guide signal supply mode may be implemented as: the respiratory guidance signal (which may be preset fixed, preset time varying, or dynamic change) is transmitted by the wearable physiological detecting device. After the source of the sensible signal is generated, for example, a smart phone, a tablet, a smart watch, etc., the breathable signal is provided to the user by the sensible signal generating source for the user to perform breathing exercises; or Alternatively, the sensible signal generating source may have a preset breathing change mode provided to the user, but further receives input from the wearable physiological detecting device and adjusts the respiratory guiding signal, thereby ,no limit.

根據本發明另一方面構想,也可實施為透過聽覺可感知訊號 而提供腦部活動資訊以及呼吸導引訊號。如第2圖所示,使用者可透過手機所呈現的聲音呼吸導引訊號以及腦部活動資訊而調整自身的呼吸並進行生理回饋。 According to another aspect of the present invention, it can also be implemented as an auditory perceptible signal Provide brain activity information and respiratory guidance signals. As shown in Figure 2, the user can adjust his or her breathing and perform physiological feedback through the sound breathing guidance signal and brain activity information presented by the mobile phone.

在此,用以表現呼吸導引訊號的聽覺可感知訊號可包括,但不限於,舉例而言,可利用產生聲音訊號的時間間隔而作為起始吸氣與吐氣的導引;可利用聲音頻率或音量的改變來代表吸氣與吐氣的連續變化;或者可由不同的聲音種類代表吸氣及吐氣,例如,不同的音樂曲目,或是具有週期性變化的聲音檔案,例如,海浪聲等,以讓使用者隨其變換而調整呼吸;或者也可透過語音而告知使用者該進行吸氣或吐氣,例如,透過符合吸氣與吐氣之時間點的「吸氣」及「吐氣」語音指示而導引使用者的呼吸模式。 Herein, the auditory sensible signal for expressing the respiratory guidance signal may include, but is not limited to, for example, a time interval for generating an audio signal as a guide for initial inhalation and exhalation; Or a change in volume to represent a continuous change in inspiration and exhalation; or a different sound category to represent inhalation and exhalation, for example, different music tracks, or sound files with periodic changes, such as waves, etc. Allow the user to adjust the breathing as they change; or use the voice to inform the user to inhale or exhale, for example, through the "inhale" and "exhale" voice indications at the time of inhalation and exhalation. Introduce the user's breathing pattern.

而當聽覺可感知訊號同時被用來表現進行生理回饋所需的資訊時,其同樣有許多選擇,舉例而言,可以利用聲音頻率或音量的逐漸變高或變低來表示越來越趨向目標,或者,可由特定的聲音種類、或樂曲來代表尚未達到、或已達到目標;或者,也可透過語音而告知使用者生理回饋的進行是否逐漸趨向目標。因此,只要能與呼吸導引訊號做出區別即可,沒有限制。 When the auditory sensible signal is simultaneously used to represent the information needed for physiological feedback, there are also many options. For example, the gradual increase or decrease of the sound frequency or volume can be used to indicate an increasingly trending target. Alternatively, the specific sound type, or music, may be used to represent that the target has not been reached, or the target has been reached; or, the voice may be used to inform the user whether the physiological feedback is gradually moving toward the target. Therefore, as long as it can be distinguished from the breathing guide signal, there is no limit.

所以,當生理回饋的目標為放鬆身心時,其中一種實施方式是,利用間隔產生的嗶嗶聲來導引使用者開始進行吸氣或吐氣,並利用聲音頻率的高低來代表身體的放鬆程度,例如,音頻越高表示越緊張,而音頻越低則表示越放鬆,因此,當使用者聽到高頻的嗶嗶聲時,就可在跟隨而進行吸氣與吐氣的同時,得知自己仍然太過緊張,需要想辦法放鬆身心, 所以,即使透過單一個聲音訊號,同樣可以清楚地讓使用者同時瞭解兩種資訊內容。 Therefore, when the goal of physiological feedback is to relax the body and mind, one of the embodiments is to use the sound generated by the interval to guide the user to start inhaling or exhaling, and to use the frequency of the sound to represent the degree of relaxation of the body. For example, the higher the audio, the more nervous it is, and the lower the audio, the more relaxed it is. Therefore, when the user hears a high-frequency hum, you can follow the inhalation and exhalation while learning that you are still too Being nervous, you need to find ways to relax. Therefore, even through a single voice signal, it is also possible to clearly let the user know both types of information at the same time.

或者,另一種實施方式可以是,利用聲音音量的強弱代表吸氣與吐氣的連續變化,並利用不同的聲音種類來表示身體的放鬆程度,例如,以鳥叫聲表示緊張程度較高,而以海浪聲表示較為放鬆,同樣是可以清楚表達的方式。 Alternatively, another embodiment may be to use the strength of the sound volume to represent continuous changes in inspiration and exhalation, and to use different types of sounds to indicate the degree of relaxation of the body, for example, to indicate a higher degree of tension with a bird's voice, and The sound of the waves is more relaxed, and it is also a way to express it clearly.

接下來,根據本發明再一方面的構想,由於根據本發明的裝置是採用穿戴形式,因此,亦適合使用作為腦機介面,而在所檢測的生理訊號主要包括腦電訊號以及心率序列的情形下,可用於產生指令的方式有下列幾種可能方式,舉例而言,但不限制,由於腦波中α波所佔的比例,隨著閉眼及睜眼的動作有很大的變化,一般而言,當閉眼時,α波的比例會大幅提昇,因此,就可以此作為產生指令的依據,另外,當腦電電極的設置位置落在眼睛附近時,也同樣可偵測到眼部的動作,取得眼動訊號(EOG),因此,就可藉由,例如,眨眼、轉眼球等動作而下達指令;再者,由於呼吸亦是人體可以控制的一項生理活動,且如前所述地,呼吸不但會對心率產生影響(亦即,所謂的RSA),亦會造成腦波於低頻區段的波動,因此,在本發明的架構下,無論是偵測腦波訊號或是偵測心率序列,皆可藉此而得知使用者呼吸行為模式改變,因而作為產生指令的依據,例如,使用者可透過特意拉長吸氣的期間而下達指令等,或者,也可透過加深呼吸而增加心跳變異率,進而達到增大RSA震幅的效果,以作為下達指令的依據,因此,沒有限制。 Next, according to a further aspect of the present invention, since the device according to the present invention is in a wearable form, it is also suitable for use as a brain-computer interface, and the detected physiological signals mainly include an electroencephalogram signal and a heart rate sequence. The following methods are available for generating instructions. For example, but not limited to, the proportion of alpha waves in brain waves varies greatly with the movements of closed eyes and blinks. In other words, when the eyes are closed, the proportion of the alpha wave is greatly increased. Therefore, it can be used as a basis for generating instructions. In addition, when the position of the electroencephalogram electrode is placed near the eye, the eye movement can also be detected. Obtain an eye movement signal (EOG), so that instructions can be given by, for example, blinking, eyeballing, etc.; further, breathing is a physiological activity that the human body can control, and as described above. Breathing not only affects the heart rate (that is, the so-called RSA), but also causes fluctuations in brain waves in the low frequency range. Therefore, under the framework of the present invention, whether it is detecting brain wave signals or By detecting the heart rate sequence, it is possible to know that the user's breathing behavior pattern is changed, and thus, as a basis for generating an instruction, for example, the user can issue an instruction by deliberately extending the period of inhalation, or can also add Deep breathing increases the rate of heartbeat variability, which in turn increases the effect of the RSA amplitude as a basis for issuing instructions. Therefore, there is no limit.

此外,進一步地,當配合上動作感測元件時,例如,加速度 器,還可有更多的下達指令方式,例如,當上述的各種生理現象可再配合上下點頭、左右轉動頭部等動作,就可組合出更多種類的指令,讓應用範圍更廣。 Further, further, when the motion sensing element is mated, for example, acceleration Moreover, there may be more instructions for issuing instructions. For example, when the various physiological phenomena described above can be combined with the action of turning up and down, turning the head left and right, etc., more types of instructions can be combined to make the application range wider.

再者,根據本發明裝置所進行的神經生理回饋亦適合融入遊戲中,所以,在執行時,除了視覺/聽覺效果的變化,例如,隨著生理狀態而改變的顏色、物體型態、人物、聲音等,透過遊戲的方式,將可提供更多互動的內容,例如,可透過在手機及/或電腦上執行的一遊戲軟體,增加與使用者間互動的趣味性,進而提升使用意願。舉例而言,首先,可採用分數制度,例如,若神經生理回饋的目標是放鬆身心,則分數就可用來表現在一個區段中,放鬆的增加程度,如腦波中α波增加的比例,再者,由於生理回饋具有累積效應,因此,不同時間、不同區段所獲得分數就可累積計算,如此一來,使用者將可很方便地透過分數而得知自身努力的成果,有助於培養成就感,而在此情形下,還可進一步設定可達成的不同分數門檻,增加使用者的挑戰慾望,並且,可配合關卡的概念,當達到一個門檻後,即可到達下一個關卡,並打開不同的功能等,增加使用趣味性,亦提升使用意願。 Furthermore, the neurophysiological feedback performed by the device according to the present invention is also suitable for integration into the game, and therefore, in addition to changes in visual/auditory effects, for example, colors, object types, people, which change with physiological state, Sounds, etc., will provide more interactive content through the game. For example, a game software executed on a mobile phone and/or a computer can increase the fun of interaction with the user, thereby increasing the willingness to use. For example, first, a score system can be used. For example, if the goal of neurophysiological feedback is to relax the body and mind, the score can be used to express the degree of relaxation in a segment, such as the proportion of alpha waves in the brain wave. Furthermore, since the physiological feedback has a cumulative effect, the scores obtained at different times and in different sections can be cumulatively calculated, so that the user can easily know the results of his efforts through the scores, which is helpful. Develop a sense of accomplishment, and in this case, you can further set the different score thresholds that can be achieved, increase the user's desire for challenge, and, with the concept of the level, when you reach a threshold, you can reach the next level, and Open different functions, etc., increase the use of fun, and increase the willingness to use.

另外,除了關卡的概念外,也可採用提供獎勵的方式,舉例而言,當分數累積達一定門檻後,可增加更多可選擇的人物造型,例如,更多可更換的衣服種類,出現光環等,或是可贈與配件、寶物等,或是可提升遊戲者的等級而賦予更高的遊戲能力等,各種線上遊戲常見的方式皆適合用於本發明。 In addition, in addition to the concept of the level, rewards can also be used. For example, when the scores accumulate to a certain threshold, more optional characters can be added. For example, more types of clothes can be replaced, and a halo appears. Etc., or gifts, treasures, etc., or higher levels of gameplay can be promoted, and various methods common to online games are suitable for use in the present invention.

再者,由於與一般的遊戲性質不同,生理回饋的累積性主要 建構在連續使用的前提下,亦即,當所執行之生理回饋程序的間隔時間過長時,即失去累積的效果,據此,舉例而言,分數的計算原則就可設計為,例如,累積的分數會隨著時間間隔的逐漸變長而減少,若隔太長的時間未進行遊戲,則分數將歸零,使用者必須重頭開始,例如,當使用者相隔2天未進行生理回饋程序時,累積分數即減少至75%,相隔3天未使用,分數減至50%,以此類推,最後當相隔5天未使用時,先前的累積分數即被歸零,以藉此鼓勵使用者持續的使用。 Furthermore, due to the nature of the game, the accumulation of physiological feedback is mainly Constructed on the premise of continuous use, that is, when the interval of the physiological feedback program being executed is too long, the cumulative effect is lost. According to this, for example, the calculation principle of the score can be designed, for example, to accumulate The score will decrease as the time interval becomes longer. If the game is not played for too long, the score will be zero, and the user must start over, for example, when the user does not perform the physiological feedback program after 2 days. The cumulative score is reduced to 75%, not used 3 days apart, the score is reduced to 50%, and so on. Finally, when the five days are not used, the previous accumulated score is zeroed to encourage the user to continue. usage of.

因此,透過遊戲的方式,除了讓生理回饋程序變的更有趣外,也可讓使用者即時地感覺到生理回饋所造成的生理狀態改變,進而讓使用者覺得有目標,增加使用的動力。 Therefore, through the game, in addition to making the physiological feedback program more interesting, the user can immediately feel the physiological state change caused by the physiological feedback, so that the user feels that there is a goal and increases the power of use.

綜上所述,根據本發明的穿戴式生理檢測裝置透過於神經生理回饋區段中提供呼吸導引的方式,達到讓使用者提高專注力、且同時增強回饋效果的目的,兩者相輔相成,事半功倍,另外,亦透過頭戴結構、及/或耳戴結構的形式而在將裝置設置於頭部及/或耳朵上的同時亦完成電極、及/或感測器的設置,不但增加使用方便性,亦大大提升移動性。再者,也由於根據本發明的裝置係實施為穿戴形式,故亦適合被使用作為腦機介面,進一步提升使用價值。 In summary, the wearable physiological detecting device according to the present invention provides a breathing guide through the neurophysiological feedback section, so as to achieve the purpose of increasing the concentration of the user and enhancing the feedback effect, the two complement each other and do more with less. In addition, the electrodes and/or the sensor are also disposed on the head and/or the ear while being placed on the head and/or the ear through the structure of the headgear structure and/or the ear-wearing structure, which not only increases the convenience of use. It also greatly enhances mobility. Furthermore, since the device according to the present invention is implemented in a wearable form, it is also suitable for use as a brain-computer interface, further enhancing the use value.

Claims (9)

一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,係用以提供腦部活動資訊以及決定一呼吸導引訊號,以作為使用者在一神經生理回饋區段中自我調整腦部功能的基礎,進而達成一神經生理回饋迴路,該裝置包括:複數個腦電電極,實施為乾式電極;一光感測器;一頭戴結構,實施為與至少其中一電極相結合,其中,當該頭戴結構被設置於該使用者的頭部時,該複數個腦電電極被設置於可達成腦電訊號測量迴路的位置,以及該光感測器被設置於可取得連續脈搏變化的位置;以及一生理訊號擷取電路,用以透過該複數個腦電電極而取得腦電訊號,以及透過該光感測器而取得連續脈搏變化,進而得出心率序列;其中,在該神經生理回饋區段中,該腦電訊號係作為產生一相關使用者腦部活動資訊的基礎,以提供予使用者;該心率序列係進行相關使用者呼吸行為的分析,並得出一結果,以作為提供及/或調整該呼吸導引訊號的基礎;以及該使用者根據該相關腦部活動資訊而進行自我意識調控,以及根據該呼吸導引訊號而進行一呼吸行為模式,以共同達成對腦部功能的影響;以及其中,該呼吸導引訊號以及該相關使用者腦部活動資訊透過一可感知訊號產生源而提供予使用者,以及該可感知訊號產生源建構以提供視覺可 感知訊號以及聽覺可感知訊號的至少其中之一。 A wearable physiological detecting device is used for providing brain activity information and determining a respiratory guiding signal as a basis for the user to self-adjust brain function in a neurophysiological feedback section, thereby achieving a neurophysiological feedback circuit. The device includes: a plurality of EEG electrodes implemented as a dry electrode; a light sensor; a head mounted structure implemented in combination with at least one of the electrodes, wherein the head mounted structure is disposed on the user In the head, the plurality of EEG electrodes are disposed at a position where the EEG measurement circuit can be achieved, and the photo sensor is disposed at a position where a continuous pulse change can be obtained; and a physiological signal acquisition circuit is used Obtaining an electroencephalogram signal through the plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, and obtaining a continuous pulse change through the photosensor, thereby obtaining a heart rate sequence; wherein, in the neurophysiological feedback section, the electroencephalogram signal is used as Generating a basis for information about the user's brain activity to provide to the user; the heart rate sequence is an analysis of the breathing behavior of the relevant user and As a result, as a basis for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal; and the user performs self-consciousness regulation according to the related brain activity information, and performs a breathing behavior mode according to the respiratory guidance signal to jointly Achieving an impact on brain function; and wherein the respiratory guidance signal and the related user brain activity information are provided to the user through a perceptible signal generation source, and the perceptible signal generation source is constructed to provide visual availability At least one of a perceptual signal and an auditory perceptible signal. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之裝置,其中,該光感測器實施為與該頭戴結構相結合而設置於該使用者的額頭上;或者,該光感測器實施為透過一連接線而與該頭戴結構相連接,以設置於該使用者的一耳朵或該耳朵附近的區域。 The device of claim 1, wherein the light sensor is disposed on the forehead of the user in combination with the head mounted structure; or the light sensor is implemented to communicate through a connection The wire is connected to the head-mounted structure to be disposed at an ear of the user or an area near the ear. 如申請專利範圍第2項所述之裝置,其中,該光感測器透過一耳戴結構而設置於該耳朵或該耳朵附近的區域,其中,該耳戴結構為下列的其中之一,包括:耳掛結構,耳夾結構,以及耳塞結構,以及其中,該複數個腦電電極的其中之一係實施為設置於該耳戴結構上,以接觸該耳朵的皮膚。 The device of claim 2, wherein the light sensor is disposed in an area near the ear or the ear through an ear wearing structure, wherein the ear wearing structure is one of the following, including An earloop structure, an ear clip structure, and an earplug structure, and wherein one of the plurality of brain electrical electrodes is configured to be disposed on the earwear structure to contact the skin of the ear. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之裝置,其中,該頭戴結構實施為下列的其中之一:一頭帶,一頭帽,以及一眼鏡。 The device of claim 1, wherein the headwear structure is implemented as one of: a headband, a head cap, and a pair of glasses. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之裝置,其中,該複數個電極透過該頭戴結構而設置於可達成不同腦部分之腦電訊號測量迴路的位置,以及該相關使用者腦部活動資訊實施為不同腦部分之腦部活動間的相關性的資訊。 The device of claim 1, wherein the plurality of electrodes are disposed through the head-mounted structure at a position where an EEG measurement circuit capable of achieving different brain portions, and the related user brain activity information is implemented. Information about the correlation between brain activity in different brain parts. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之裝置,其中,該腦部活動資訊進一步與該使用者呼吸行為的分析結果一起作為提供及/或調整該呼吸導引訊號的基礎。 The device of claim 1, wherein the brain activity information is further used as a basis for providing and/or adjusting the respiratory guidance signal together with the analysis result of the user's breathing behavior. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之裝置,其中,該可感知訊號產生源為下列的其中之一,包括:一獨立發光體,以及一具顯示及/或發聲功能的裝置;或者,該可感知訊號產生源實施為與該生理檢測裝置結合在一起。 The device of claim 1, wherein the sensible signal generating source is one of: an independent illuminator, and a display and/or audible function; or The sensory signal generating source is implemented to be combined with the physiological detecting device. 一種穿戴式生理檢測裝置,係用以提供腦部活動資訊以及決定一呼吸導引訊號,以作為使用者在一神經生理回饋區段中自我調整腦部功能的基 礎,進而達成一神經生理回饋迴路,該裝置包括:複數個腦電電極,實施為乾式電極;一第一心電電極以及一第二心電電極;一第一穿戴結構,實施為與至少其中一腦電電極以及該第一心電電極相結合,其中,當該第一穿戴結構被設置於該使用者的頭部及/或耳朵時,該複數個腦電電極被設置於可達成腦電訊號測量迴路的位置,以及該第一心電電極會接觸頭部或耳朵的皮膚;一第二穿戴結構,實施為與該第二心電電極相結合,其中,當該第二穿戴結構被設置於使用者身上時,該第二心電電極接觸下列部位皮膚的其中之一:手指,手腕,手臂,頸部,以及肩膀,並與該第一心電電極一起達成心電訊號測量迴路;一生理訊號擷取電路,用以透過該複數個腦電電極而取得腦電訊號,以及透過該第一心電電極以及該第二電極而取得心率序列;其中,在該神經生理回饋區段中,該腦電訊號係作為產生一相關使用者腦部活動資訊的基礎,以提供予使用者;該心率序列係進行相關使用者呼吸行為的分析,並得出一結果,以作為提供及/或調整該呼吸導引訊號的基礎;以及該使用者根據該相關腦部活動資訊而進行自我意識調控,以及根據該呼吸導引訊號而進行一呼吸行為模式,以共同達成對腦部功能的影響。 A wearable physiological detecting device is used for providing brain activity information and determining a respiratory guiding signal as a basis for the user to self-adjust brain function in a neurophysiological feedback section. Forming a neurophysiological feedback loop, the apparatus comprising: a plurality of electroencephalogram electrodes, implemented as a dry electrode; a first electrocardiographic electrode and a second electrocardiographic electrode; and a first wearable structure, implemented as at least An EEG electrode and the first electrocardiographic electrode are combined, wherein when the first wearing structure is disposed on the head and/or the ear of the user, the plurality of EEG electrodes are set to achieve brain telecommunications a position of the measuring circuit, and the first electrocardiographic electrode contacts the skin of the head or the ear; a second wearing structure is implemented in combination with the second electrocardiographic electrode, wherein when the second wearing structure is set When the user is on the user, the second electrocardiographic electrode contacts one of the following skins: a finger, a wrist, an arm, a neck, and a shoulder, and together with the first electrocardiographic electrode, an ECG measurement circuit is formed; a physiological signal acquisition circuit for obtaining an electroencephalogram signal through the plurality of brain electrical electrodes, and obtaining a heart rate sequence through the first electrocardiographic electrode and the second electrode; wherein, the nerve is generated In the physiological feedback section, the brain electrical signal is provided as a basis for generating information about a related user's brain activity, and the heart rate sequence is analyzed by the related user's breathing behavior, and a result is obtained. Providing and/or adjusting the basis of the respiratory guidance signal; and the user performing self-consciousness regulation according to the relevant brain activity information, and performing a breathing behavior pattern according to the respiratory guidance signal to jointly achieve the brain The impact of the function. 如申請專利範圍第8項所述之裝置,其中,該第一心電電極實施為與該複數個腦電電極的其中之一共用。 The device of claim 8, wherein the first electrocardiographic electrode is implemented to be shared with one of the plurality of electroencephalographic electrodes.
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