WO2013185260A1 - Multifunctional full-automation care bed - Google Patents

Multifunctional full-automation care bed Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013185260A1
WO2013185260A1 PCT/CN2012/000824 CN2012000824W WO2013185260A1 WO 2013185260 A1 WO2013185260 A1 WO 2013185260A1 CN 2012000824 W CN2012000824 W CN 2012000824W WO 2013185260 A1 WO2013185260 A1 WO 2013185260A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
bed
board
plate
toilet
frame
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2012/000824
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘峰
Original Assignee
Liu Feng
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Liu Feng filed Critical Liu Feng
Priority to PCT/CN2012/000824 priority Critical patent/WO2013185260A1/en
Publication of WO2013185260A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013185260A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/02Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons with toilet conveniences, or specially adapted for use with toilets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0507Side-rails
    • A61G7/0512Side-rails characterised by customised length
    • A61G7/0513Side-rails characterised by customised length covering particular sections of the bed, e.g. one or more partial side-rail sections along the bed
    • A61G7/0514Side-rails characterised by customised length covering particular sections of the bed, e.g. one or more partial side-rail sections along the bed mounted to individual mattress supporting frame sections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/012Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame raising or lowering of the whole mattress frame
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/053Aids for getting into, or out of, bed, e.g. steps, chairs, cane-like supports
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/16Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto converting a lying surface into a chair

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the medical device industry, in particular to a rehabilitation nursing bed.
  • hemorrhoids pads are mostly used in the care of long-term bedridden patients, but hemorrhoids pads can only reduce the occurrence of blisters and cannot solve the problem fundamentally.
  • the multifunctional automatic nursing bed of the invention increases the function of the existing hospital bed without the presence of the nursing staff, and can automatically turn over and autonomously defecate.
  • Its turning principle is to design the back bed and hip bed as a chain bed, and the mattress is a tubular mattress.
  • the two sections of the bed are longitudinally divided into three pieces, and the middle piece is fixed, and the two side plates on both sides can be folded up separately.
  • the chain plate moves in the direction of the folded bed under the driving of the motor to drive the tubular mattress to move, and the patient can turn over at any angle of 0-360 degrees. Turning over less than 90 degrees does not require the presence of a caregiver. This method of turning over completely removes the patient's back from the bed.
  • Autonomous defecation is the lifting of the bed in the leg with the push of the electric pusher, holding the patient's leg up and moving the patient's buttocks away from the mattress.
  • the electric push rod of the toilet folding mechanism installed at the rear of the bed frame pushes the push arm to cause the toilet to be lifted up and down under the buttocks of the patient.
  • Automatic cleaning and heat are installed on the toilet The function of air drying, the entire process does not require the hands of the nursing staff.
  • chassis (2) bed frame, (3) foot bed board, (4) leg bed board, (5) leg side board, (6) hip board, (7) back board, (8 ) double folding guardrail upper guard frame (9) head bed board, (10) tubular rolling mattress, (11) front bed frame, (12) bed frame lifting pendulum, (13) lifting link, (14) bed Lifting electric push rod, (15) front bed board folding electric push rod, (16) foot bed board folding electric push rod, (17) leg middle board lifting electric push rod, (18) leg middle board angle adjustment Electric push rod, (19) rear support plate, (20) front support plate, (21) short chain roller, (22) long chain roller, (23) U-shaped universal drive card, (24) side frame, (25 ) side frame connecting rod, (26) side frame swing arm, (27) side frame electric push rod, (28) chain plate motor, (29) drive chain, (30) push arm, (31) toilet mechanism swing lever , (32) pendulum shaft, (33) toilet mechanism chassis, (34) toilet mechanism electric push rod, (35) toilet, (36) frame seat, (37) connection plate, (38) Lower folding frame swing arm
  • the multi-functional automatic nursing bed is composed of a bottom frame (1) bed frame (2) and a five-stage bed board and a toilet folding mechanism, and a double folding guardrail.
  • the chassis (1) is equipped with four angle wheels at the same four corners as the general hospital bed.
  • Two sets of hinge brackets are welded to the front and rear frames (1) for mounting the bed frame lifting pendulum (12).
  • Each of the two lifting pendulum rods (12) is connected by a set of hinges, and the bed frame (2) has four groups of four sides in front and rear.
  • the upper hinge point is hinged to the bed frame (2), and the lower hinge point is hinged to the chassis (1).
  • the two sets of swing rods are connected by a lifting link (13), and the front swing bar of the bed frame is welded to form a frame.
  • the bed frame (2) is made up of two rectangular thin steel pipes which are welded in the corresponding parts of the back bed plate (7) and the hip bed plate (6), and are provided for the chain plate type bed and the rolling cylindrical mattress (10). Install and rotate the space.
  • the front support plate (20) and the rear support plate (19) of the buttock plate (6) are screwed and attached to the rear of the recessed portion.
  • the front frame of the bed frame (2) is welded with a front bed frame (11).
  • the rear side is welded with a rear bed support frame composed of a leg middle plate (4) a leg side plate (5) and a foot bed plate (3).
  • the rear bed panel falls above the support frame when it is not raised.
  • the bed of the nursing bed is divided into five sections, which are the headboard (9) the backboard (7) the hipboard (6) the middle bed of the leg (4) and the legboard of the legboard (5), the foot Bed board (3).
  • the headboard (9) is a common bedboard, and the mattress is also an ordinary mattress. It is welded on the front bed frame (11) and the back bed plate (7) constitutes the front bed plate.
  • the front bed plate bracket (U) is composed of two ears with ears.
  • the support plate processed by the thin steel plate is welded with three square tubes.
  • the shape and size of the ear are identical to those of the front support plate (20).
  • a sliding hole bushing is mounted on the ear portion of the support plate, and the inner hole of the bushing is provided with a long chain roller (22).
  • the back plate (7) is identical in structure to the hip plate (6) except that there is no folding mechanism.
  • the hip plate (6) has no mounting bracket. All the components are installed in the middle of the rear support plate (19) and the front support plate (20). Two of the four short chain rollers (21) are mounted on the support plate ear. In the sliding sleeve, the other two are mounted on the side frame (24), and the side frame (24) is a curved plate formed by two thin steel sheets.
  • the round pipe connecting rod is composed of a fixed pull rod in the middle of the chain plate, the round hole at the end of the curved plate is embedded with the sliding bush sleeve, and the short chain roller (21) is installed in the sleeve. The round hole at the corner of the curved plate is set on the front support plate.
  • the chain plate is a small rectangular square tube composed of two nylon blocks pressed at both ends. There are two small holes on the end face of the nylon block, and the elongated chain shaft is matched with the small hole.
  • the multi-section chain plate and the chain form a chain plate type bed board, and the front support plate (20) is provided with a chain plate motor (28) and two tension sprocket wheels to drive the two short chain rollers (21) to rotate through the transmission chain (29).
  • the rear support plate (19) is welded with a shaft below, the upper side of the shaft is hinged to the side of the swing arm (26), the other end of the swing arm is hinged to the side frame link (25), and one end of the connecting rod is sleeved on the side frame (24).
  • the side frame (24) on each side is folded by a side frame electric push rod (27), and the two side frame electric push rods (27) are hinged to the bottom frame (2) with screws, and the pusher head is hinged. In the middle of the side frame swing arm (26).
  • the back plate (7) and the hip plate (6) are moved synchronously, and the front plate also has a folding action, so that the short chain roller (21) is designed to drive the universal joint between the long chain rollers (22), but The smallest universal joint shaft can't be installed in this position. The reason is that there is no gap after the two rollers are coaxial. Therefore, the ⁇ -type card bent by two round wires is used to drive the torque. Achieve the function of the universal joint.
  • the U-shaped universal drive card (23) is slidable in the two small holes in the center of the long chain roller (22) and the short chain roller (21). When the front bed is folded up, the U-shaped card needs to slide out a small section.
  • the outer side of the thin support plate on the front bed frame (11) is welded with a hinge bushing, and the upper side of the rear support plate (19) is also welded with a hinge bushing hinged together through a small shaft, while the back bed plate (7) hip bed plate ( 6)
  • the corresponding mattress is a cylindrical rolling mattress (10) which can continuously move around the bed.
  • the folding of the front bed frame (11) is powered by the front bed folding electric pusher (15), after the putting The part is hinged to the top of the bed frame (2), and the pusher head is hinged to the front bed support (11).
  • the leg board is divided into three pieces, one leg middle plate (4) and two leg side bed plates (5), two leg side bed plates (5) and the bed frame (2) and the foot bed plate (3) hinged Connected.
  • the foot board (3) has a connecting rod and a bed frame (2) hingedly connected to the rear part, a foot bed board folding electric push rod (16), a rear hinged bed frame (2), and the putter head is directly connected to the foot board ( 3) Above the welded struts.
  • the foot bed folding electric push rod (16) can push the foot board (3) and the leg side board (5) to fold up.
  • the middle plate (4) of the leg is not mounted on the foot board (3), but the middle part is hinged to the upper side of the leg.
  • the support frame (39) can be rotated by 90 degrees.
  • the leg midplane support (39) is hinged to the footboard (3) and is adjusted by the leg mid-lift electric pusher (17).
  • Leg mid-plate support (39) Adjust the angle of the leg mid-plate (18) Adjust the angle of the bed (4) in the leg.
  • the leg middle plate (4) is raised, the leg of the patient is lifted up first. In this process, the angle of the bed plate (4) in the leg is adjusted to be the same as the leg of the patient, and if it rises to a certain height, The patient's buttocks are not far enough away from the mattress, and the foot folding electric pusher (16) can push the footboard (3) to continue to rise so that there is enough distance under the patient's buttocks to lower the toilet (35).
  • the toilet folding mechanism is composed of a toilet (35), a toilet mechanism swinging lever (31), a push arm (30) swinging shaft (32), and the like, and four sliding shafts are embedded on both end faces of the toilet mechanism chassis (33).
  • the sleeves and the two pendulum shafts (32) are arranged in the front and rear in the sleeve.
  • the pendulum shaft (32) has a keyway and pusher arm (30) in the middle and both sides, and the keyway on the swing lever (31) is fixed with a key.
  • the toilet seat electric push rod (34) is hinged to the top of the toilet mechanism chassis (33) with screws.
  • the motion-driven toilet (35) is inserted horizontally under the patient's buttocks, and the toilet folding mechanism is a single unit.
  • the chassis fixing screws can be separated from the bed frame (2).
  • the guardrail takes up a small space after being put away, and can be received inside the bed board, which is more convenient for the patient to get on and off the bed.
  • the two side rails of the bed head are fastened to the front bed frame (11) by the connecting fixing plate to move with the front bed board, and the bed tail guard rail is installed on the bed frame (2).
  • the various functions of the overall multi-functional automatic nursing bed are completed by eight electric push rods (the bed frame (2) is lifted at the same time with two) and an electric motor.
  • the bed frame (2) lifting can be completed by the nursing staff manually operating the switch.
  • Other actions are completely controlled by the single-chip computer.
  • the speed of the turning movement, the length of time, and the number of turning over at night can be input into the MCU according to the patient's condition.
  • the time action and the process of water rinsing and hot air drying are also automatically completed in advance on the MCU.

Abstract

A multifunctional full-automation care bed is formed of a chassis (1), a bed frame (2), a head board (9), a back board (7), a buttock board (6), a leg board, a foot board (3), double folded restraining sides, and a toilet fold mechanism. The back board and the buttock board are rotatable hinged boards, whose corresponding cushions are cylindrical cushions and move synchronously with the hinged boards. The back board and the buttock board are divided into three pieces longitudinally. The two pieces at the sides can fold upward, respectively. When one side board at one side is folded, the hinged boards and the rolling cushion move to the direction of the folded board, and a patient can turn over at 0 to 360 degrees. The toilet fold mechanism is installed below the leg board at the rear part of the bed frame. The middle piece of the leg board can rise driven by an electric push rod and support the legs of a patient and enable the buttocks to leave the cushion. A toilet (35) can automatically move below the buttocks of the patient as driven by the fold mechanism. The care bed is driven by a motor and eight electric push rods and is controlled by a microcontroller.

Description

多功能全自动护理床  Multifunctional automatic nursing bed
技术领域: Technical field:
本发明属于医疗器械行业尤其涉及一种康复护理床。  The invention belongs to the medical device industry, in particular to a rehabilitation nursing bed.
背景技术: Background technique:
现在医院及很多有长期卧床的病人家中所用的医用病床大多只带有三种功能, 就是床板 的升降、 坐起与屈腿。 有一部分家用护理床带有坐便功能是将床板中间加工一个孔, 坐便器 放在床板下面, 这种床的床垫和床单都要开孔, 病人在大小便时很容易将床垫弄脏, 清理起 来很费事。 现有的护理床也有很多带有翻身功能, 他们采用的原理是将床板纵向分为三块中 间的一块可以倾斜一定角度, 这种翻身的方法的问题是: 第一、 倾斜角度不能过大, 过大对 病人有危险, 第二、 病人的背部不能离开床面, 起不到防止褥疮的作用, 所以使用者很少。 现实中在护理长期卧床病人时大多使用褥疮垫, 但是褥疮垫只能减轻褥疱的发生不能根本解 决问题。  Most of the medical beds used in hospitals and many patients with long-term bed rests have only three functions, namely, the lifting, sitting and bending of the bed. A part of the home care bed with a toilet function is to machine a hole in the middle of the bed board, and the toilet is placed under the bed board. The mattress and the bed sheet of the bed are opened, and the patient can easily soil the mattress when it is in the urine. It is very troublesome to clean up. The existing nursing beds also have a lot of functions with turning over. The principle adopted by them is that the longitudinal division of the bed board into three middle pieces can be inclined at an angle. The problem of the method of turning over is: First, the angle of inclination cannot be too large. Too large is dangerous to the patient. Second, the patient's back cannot leave the bed and does not prevent acne, so there are few users. In reality, hemorrhoids pads are mostly used in the care of long-term bedridden patients, but hemorrhoids pads can only reduce the occurrence of blisters and cannot solve the problem fundamentally.
发明内容: Summary of the invention:
现在社会的发展对人体来说造成了很多负面问题, 人的体重在增加患心脑血管疾病的病 人有所增多, 同时老年社会的到来对护理人员的需求也在大幅增长, 护理长期卧床病人更是 一种劳动强度很大又脏又累的工作。 护理人员 70%的工作是在为卧床病人翻身和处理病人的 大小便。 从护理学的角度讲卧床病人翻身的次数越多越好, 翻身有两个作用一是防止褥疮, 二是增加肠蠕动促进消化和排便。 本发明多功能全自动护理床在现有病床的功能上增加了不 用护理人员在场, 可自动翻身和自主排便的功能。 它的翻身原理是将背部床板与臀部床板设 计为链板式床板, 床垫为筒状床垫。 同时两段床板纵向分为三块, 中间的一块固定, 两边两 块床板可分别折起。一边床板折起后链板在电机的带动下向折起的床板方向运动带动筒型床 垫运动, 病人就可以作 0— 360度的任意角度翻身。 小于 90度的翻身不需要护理人员在场。 这种翻身方法完全可以使病人的背部离开床板。 自主排便是在电动推杆的推动下腿部中床板 升起, 托住病人的腿部向上运动使病人的臀部离开床垫。 安装在床架后部的坐便折叠机构的 电动推杆推动推动臂使坐便器上升插入倒病人的臀部下面。 坐便器上面安装有自动清洗和热 风烘干的功能, 全部过程也不需要护理人员动手。 附图说明: Nowadays, the development of society has caused many negative problems for the human body. The weight of people has increased in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. At the same time, the demand for nursing staff has also increased significantly in the elderly society. It is a labor-intensive, dirty and tired job. 70% of the work of nursing staff is to turn over the bedridden patient and handle the patient's bowel movements. From the perspective of nursing, the more times the bedridden patient turns over, the better. Turning over has two functions: one to prevent hemorrhoids, and the other to increase bowel movements to promote digestion and defecation. The multifunctional automatic nursing bed of the invention increases the function of the existing hospital bed without the presence of the nursing staff, and can automatically turn over and autonomously defecate. Its turning principle is to design the back bed and hip bed as a chain bed, and the mattress is a tubular mattress. At the same time, the two sections of the bed are longitudinally divided into three pieces, and the middle piece is fixed, and the two side plates on both sides can be folded up separately. After the bed board is folded up, the chain plate moves in the direction of the folded bed under the driving of the motor to drive the tubular mattress to move, and the patient can turn over at any angle of 0-360 degrees. Turning over less than 90 degrees does not require the presence of a caregiver. This method of turning over completely removes the patient's back from the bed. Autonomous defecation is the lifting of the bed in the leg with the push of the electric pusher, holding the patient's leg up and moving the patient's buttocks away from the mattress. The electric push rod of the toilet folding mechanism installed at the rear of the bed frame pushes the push arm to cause the toilet to be lifted up and down under the buttocks of the patient. Automatic cleaning and heat are installed on the toilet The function of air drying, the entire process does not require the hands of the nursing staff. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
图 1 不带床垫的多功能全自动护理床 Figure 1 Multi-functional automatic nursing bed without mattress
图 2 护理床坐起屈腿状态 Figure 2 The nursing bed sits in a bent leg state
图 3 护理床翻身状态 Figure 3 Care bed turning over
图 4 护理床坐便器升起状态 Figure 4 Nursing bed toilet rises
图 5臀部床板 Figure 5 hip bed board
图 6 坐便器折叠机构 Figure 6 toilet folding mechanism
图 7链辊传动轴 Figure 7 chain roller drive shaft
图 8双折叠护栏展开与收起 Figure 8 double folding fence unfolds and collapses
(1)底架, (2)床架, (3)脚部床板, (4)腿部中床板, (5)腿部边床板, (6)臀部床板, (7) 背部床板,, (8)双折叠护栏上护框 (9)头部床板, (10)筒形滚动床垫, (11)前床板架, (12) 床架升降摆杆, (13)升降连杆, (14)床架升降电动推杆, (15)前床板折起电动推杆, (16) 脚部床板折起电动推杆, (17)腿部中床板升降电动推杆, (18)腿部中床板角度调节电动推 杆 , (19)后支撑板, (20)前支撑板, (21)短链辊 , (22)长链辊, (23) U型万向传动卡, (24)边框架, (25)边框架连杆, (26)边框架摆臂 , (27)边框架电动推杆, (28)链板电机, (29)传动链条, (30)推动臂 , (31)坐便机构摆杆, (32)摆杆轴, (33)坐便机构底架, (34) 坐便机构电动推杆, (35)坐便器, (36)护框座 , (37)连接固定板, (38)下折架摆臂, (39) 腿部中板支撑架 具体实施方式:  (1) chassis, (2) bed frame, (3) foot bed board, (4) leg bed board, (5) leg side board, (6) hip board, (7) back board, (8 ) double folding guardrail upper guard frame (9) head bed board, (10) tubular rolling mattress, (11) front bed frame, (12) bed frame lifting pendulum, (13) lifting link, (14) bed Lifting electric push rod, (15) front bed board folding electric push rod, (16) foot bed board folding electric push rod, (17) leg middle board lifting electric push rod, (18) leg middle board angle adjustment Electric push rod, (19) rear support plate, (20) front support plate, (21) short chain roller, (22) long chain roller, (23) U-shaped universal drive card, (24) side frame, (25 ) side frame connecting rod, (26) side frame swing arm, (27) side frame electric push rod, (28) chain plate motor, (29) drive chain, (30) push arm, (31) toilet mechanism swing lever , (32) pendulum shaft, (33) toilet mechanism chassis, (34) toilet mechanism electric push rod, (35) toilet, (36) frame seat, (37) connection plate, (38) Lower folding frame swing arm, (39) leg middle plate support detailed description:
多功能全自动护理床是由底架 (1)床架 (2)和五段床板及坐便器折叠机构, 双折叠护栏组 成。 底架 (1 ) 与普通病床相同四角装有四个角轮可推行, 底架 (1 ) 上前后各焊接有两组铰 链支板, 用于安装床架升降摆杆 (12)。 每两根升降摆杆 (12) 为一组铰链相连, 床架 (2) 的前后各一组两边共四组。 上铰点与床架(2)铰接, 下铰点铰接与底架(1 )。 前后两组摆杆 由升降连杆 (13)相连, 床架前上摆杆焊接组成一个组架。 升降电动推杆 (14) 后座铰接于 底架(1 ), 杆头铰接在上摆杆组架上, 推杆推动组架连动摆杆就可使床架(2)平行升降。 床 架(2)是两根矩形薄钢管悍接成, 在背部床板(7)与臀部床板(6)的相应部分为凹陷焊接, 为链板式床板及滚动筒形床垫(10)让出了安装与转动空间。臀部床板(6)的前支撑板(20) 与后支撑板 (19) 用螺钉固定安装于凹陷部位后部。 床架 (2) 的前面焊接有前床板架 (11 ) 的支架后边焊接有腿部中床板(4)腿部边床板(5)与脚部床板(3)组成的后床板支撑方框。 后床板在不升起时是落在支撑方框上面。 The multi-functional automatic nursing bed is composed of a bottom frame (1) bed frame (2) and a five-stage bed board and a toilet folding mechanism, and a double folding guardrail. The chassis (1) is equipped with four angle wheels at the same four corners as the general hospital bed. Two sets of hinge brackets are welded to the front and rear frames (1) for mounting the bed frame lifting pendulum (12). Each of the two lifting pendulum rods (12) is connected by a set of hinges, and the bed frame (2) has four groups of four sides in front and rear. The upper hinge point is hinged to the bed frame (2), and the lower hinge point is hinged to the chassis (1). The two sets of swing rods are connected by a lifting link (13), and the front swing bar of the bed frame is welded to form a frame. Lifting electric push rod (14) rear seat hinged to The bottom frame (1), the head is hinged on the upper swing rod assembly, and the push rod pushes the assembly to connect the swing rod to lift the bed frame (2) in parallel. The bed frame (2) is made up of two rectangular thin steel pipes which are welded in the corresponding parts of the back bed plate (7) and the hip bed plate (6), and are provided for the chain plate type bed and the rolling cylindrical mattress (10). Install and rotate the space. The front support plate (20) and the rear support plate (19) of the buttock plate (6) are screwed and attached to the rear of the recessed portion. The front frame of the bed frame (2) is welded with a front bed frame (11). The rear side is welded with a rear bed support frame composed of a leg middle plate (4) a leg side plate (5) and a foot bed plate (3). The rear bed panel falls above the support frame when it is not raised.
护理床的床板分为五段, 分别是头部床板 (9) 背部床板 (7)臀部床板 (6)腿部中床板 (4) 与腿部边床板(5)组成的腿部床板, 脚部床板(3)。 头部床板(9)是普通床板, 床垫 也是普通床垫, 它焊接在前床板架(11 )上面与背部床板(7)组成前床板, 前床板支架(U ) 是由两块带耳朵形状的薄钢板加工成的支撑板与三根方管焊接组成。 耳朵的形状与尺寸同前 支撑板 (20) 完全相同。 支撑板的耳朵部位开有一圆孔安装有滑动轴套, 轴套内孔装有长链 辊(22)。 轴套外圆铰接边框架 (24)。 背部床板 (7) 与臀部床板 (6) 结构完全相同只是没 有折摆机构。  The bed of the nursing bed is divided into five sections, which are the headboard (9) the backboard (7) the hipboard (6) the middle bed of the leg (4) and the legboard of the legboard (5), the foot Bed board (3). The headboard (9) is a common bedboard, and the mattress is also an ordinary mattress. It is welded on the front bed frame (11) and the back bed plate (7) constitutes the front bed plate. The front bed plate bracket (U) is composed of two ears with ears. The support plate processed by the thin steel plate is welded with three square tubes. The shape and size of the ear are identical to those of the front support plate (20). A sliding hole bushing is mounted on the ear portion of the support plate, and the inner hole of the bushing is provided with a long chain roller (22). Sleeve outer hinged frame (24). The back plate (7) is identical in structure to the hip plate (6) except that there is no folding mechanism.
臀部床板 (6)没有安装支架所有的零部件全部安装在后支撑板 (19) 与前支撑板 (20) 的中间, 四根短链辊(21 ) 中的两根叉装在支撑板耳朵部位的滑动轴套内, 另两根装在边框 架 (24) 上面, 边框架 (24) 是由两块薄钢板加工成的弯板。 圆管连杆与链板中间的一根固 定拉杆组成, 弯板上端头的圆孔相嵌滑动轴套, 套内安装短链辊 (21 ) 弯板弯角处的圆孔套 装在前支撑板 (20) 与后支撑板 (19) 耳朵部位的滑套上面可转动。 链辊的两端各有一个链 轮分别同步带动一根链板链条, 两根链条中间的每个链节固定一根链板。 链板是一根小矩形 方管两端压紧装配上两个尼龙块组成。尼龙块的端面上有两个小孔,加长的链轴与小孔紧配。 多节链板与链条组成链板式床板, 前支板 (20) 上面装有链板电机(28) 与两个张紧链轮通 过传动链条 (29) 带动两根短链辊 (21 )转动。 后支撑板 (19) 下面各焊接一根轴, 轴上面 铰接边框架摆臂(26)摆臂另一端又铰接边框架连杆(25), 连杆的一端套在边框架(24)的 圆管连杆上。 每边的边框架 (24)折起由一根边框架电动推杆 (27) 推动, 两根边框架电动 推杆 (27) 后部用螺钉铰接在底架 (2) 上面, 推杆头铰接于边框架摆臂 (26) 的中间部位。  The hip plate (6) has no mounting bracket. All the components are installed in the middle of the rear support plate (19) and the front support plate (20). Two of the four short chain rollers (21) are mounted on the support plate ear. In the sliding sleeve, the other two are mounted on the side frame (24), and the side frame (24) is a curved plate formed by two thin steel sheets. The round pipe connecting rod is composed of a fixed pull rod in the middle of the chain plate, the round hole at the end of the curved plate is embedded with the sliding bush sleeve, and the short chain roller (21) is installed in the sleeve. The round hole at the corner of the curved plate is set on the front support plate. (20) With the rear support plate (19), the upper part of the sleeve can be rotated. Each of the two ends of the chain roller has a chain wheel that simultaneously drives one chain chain, and each chain link between the two chains fixes one chain plate. The chain plate is a small rectangular square tube composed of two nylon blocks pressed at both ends. There are two small holes on the end face of the nylon block, and the elongated chain shaft is matched with the small hole. The multi-section chain plate and the chain form a chain plate type bed board, and the front support plate (20) is provided with a chain plate motor (28) and two tension sprocket wheels to drive the two short chain rollers (21) to rotate through the transmission chain (29). The rear support plate (19) is welded with a shaft below, the upper side of the shaft is hinged to the side of the swing arm (26), the other end of the swing arm is hinged to the side frame link (25), and one end of the connecting rod is sleeved on the side frame (24). On the pipe connecting rod. The side frame (24) on each side is folded by a side frame electric push rod (27), and the two side frame electric push rods (27) are hinged to the bottom frame (2) with screws, and the pusher head is hinged. In the middle of the side frame swing arm (26).
背部床板 (7) 与臀部床板 (6) 的链板要同步运动, 同时前床板还有折起动作, 这样短 链辊(21 ) 于长链辊(22) 之间要设计万向传动, 但最小的万向传动轴都没办法安装在这一 位置原因是两根辊同轴后没有间隙, 所以采用由两根圆钢丝弯成的 ϋ型卡相扣来传动力矩。 达到万向连轴节的功能。 U型万向传动卡 (23) 叉在长链辊 (22) 与短链辊 (21 ) 轴中心的 两个小孔内可以滑动。 前床板折起时需要 U型卡滑出一小段。 前床板架 (11 ) 上的薄支撑板 外侧上边焊接有铰轴套, 同时后支撑板 (19) 的上边也焊有铰轴套通过小轴铰接在一起, 同 时背部床板 (7) 臀部床板 (6)相对应的床垫为筒型滚动床垫 (10) 它可以围绕床板连续运 动, 前床板架(11 )的折起是由前床板折起电动推杆(15)为动力, 推杆后部铰接于床架(2) 上面, 推杆头铰接于前床板支架 (11 )上面。 The back plate (7) and the hip plate (6) are moved synchronously, and the front plate also has a folding action, so that the short chain roller (21) is designed to drive the universal joint between the long chain rollers (22), but The smallest universal joint shaft can't be installed in this position. The reason is that there is no gap after the two rollers are coaxial. Therefore, the ϋ-type card bent by two round wires is used to drive the torque. Achieve the function of the universal joint. The U-shaped universal drive card (23) is slidable in the two small holes in the center of the long chain roller (22) and the short chain roller (21). When the front bed is folded up, the U-shaped card needs to slide out a small section. The outer side of the thin support plate on the front bed frame (11) is welded with a hinge bushing, and the upper side of the rear support plate (19) is also welded with a hinge bushing hinged together through a small shaft, while the back bed plate (7) hip bed plate ( 6) The corresponding mattress is a cylindrical rolling mattress (10) which can continuously move around the bed. The folding of the front bed frame (11) is powered by the front bed folding electric pusher (15), after the putting The part is hinged to the top of the bed frame (2), and the pusher head is hinged to the front bed support (11).
腿部床板分为三块, 一块腿部中床板 (4) 与两块腿部边床板 (5), 两块腿部边床板(5) 与床架 (2) 和脚部床板 (3)铰接相连。 脚部床板 (3) 下面后部有一连杆与床架 (2)铰接 相连, 脚部床板折叠电动推杆 ( 16)后部铰接床架(2), 推杆头直接连接在脚部床板(3) 的 下面焊接的支杆片上面。 脚部床板折叠电动推杆(16)可以推动脚部床板(3)与腿部边床板 (5)折起。 腿部中床板(4)不是安装在脚部床板(3)上面, 而是中间部位铰接在腿部中板 支撑架 (39) 上面可转动 90度角度。 腿部中板支撑架 (39)铰接在脚部床板 (3) 上, 由腿 部中床升降电动推杆 (17) 调节。 腿部中板支撑架 (39) 由腿中板角度调节电动推杆 (18) 调节腿部中床板 (4) 的角度。 腿部中床板 (4) 升起时首先是托起病人的腿部向上升起, 这 个过程中腿部中床板(4)调整的角度要与病人的腿部相同, 上升到一定高度这时如果病人的 臀部离开床垫的距离不够, 脚部折叠电动推杆 ( 16)可推动脚部床板(3)继续上升以使病人 的臀部下面有足以放下坐便器 (35) 的距离。  The leg board is divided into three pieces, one leg middle plate (4) and two leg side bed plates (5), two leg side bed plates (5) and the bed frame (2) and the foot bed plate (3) hinged Connected. The foot board (3) has a connecting rod and a bed frame (2) hingedly connected to the rear part, a foot bed board folding electric push rod (16), a rear hinged bed frame (2), and the putter head is directly connected to the foot board ( 3) Above the welded struts. The foot bed folding electric push rod (16) can push the foot board (3) and the leg side board (5) to fold up. The middle plate (4) of the leg is not mounted on the foot board (3), but the middle part is hinged to the upper side of the leg. The support frame (39) can be rotated by 90 degrees. The leg midplane support (39) is hinged to the footboard (3) and is adjusted by the leg mid-lift electric pusher (17). Leg mid-plate support (39) Adjust the angle of the leg mid-plate (18) Adjust the angle of the bed (4) in the leg. When the leg middle plate (4) is raised, the leg of the patient is lifted up first. In this process, the angle of the bed plate (4) in the leg is adjusted to be the same as the leg of the patient, and if it rises to a certain height, The patient's buttocks are not far enough away from the mattress, and the foot folding electric pusher (16) can push the footboard (3) to continue to rise so that there is enough distance under the patient's buttocks to lower the toilet (35).
坐便器折叠机构是由坐便器 (35) 坐便机构摆杆 (31 ) 推动臂 (30) 摆杆轴 (32) 等组 成, 坐便机构底架 (33) 的两端面相嵌四个滑动轴套, 两根摆杆轴 (32) 前后排列安装在轴 套内。 摆杆轴 (32) 中间和两边铣有键槽与推动臂 (30)和坐便机构摆杆 (31 ) 上的键槽用 键固定。 坐便机构电动推杆 (34)尾部用螺钉铰接在坐便机构底架 (33) 上面。 推杆头铰接 推动臂 (30)腿部中床板(4)升起后床板与床垫产生了空间, 坐便机构电动推杆(34)推动 推动臂 (30) 坐便机构摆杆 (31 )运动带动坐便器 (35)水平上升插入到病人的臀部下面, 坐便器折叠机构是一个单独整体, 松开底架固定螺钉就可与床架 (2) 分离。  The toilet folding mechanism is composed of a toilet (35), a toilet mechanism swinging lever (31), a push arm (30) swinging shaft (32), and the like, and four sliding shafts are embedded on both end faces of the toilet mechanism chassis (33). The sleeves and the two pendulum shafts (32) are arranged in the front and rear in the sleeve. The pendulum shaft (32) has a keyway and pusher arm (30) in the middle and both sides, and the keyway on the swing lever (31) is fixed with a key. The toilet seat electric push rod (34) is hinged to the top of the toilet mechanism chassis (33) with screws. The pusher head articulated push arm (30) in the leg of the bed (4) raised the bed and the mattress creates space, the toilet mechanism electric push rod (34) pushes the push arm (30) the toilet mechanism swing lever (31) The motion-driven toilet (35) is inserted horizontally under the patient's buttocks, and the toilet folding mechanism is a single unit. The chassis fixing screws can be separated from the bed frame (2).
由于背部床板 (7) 与臀部床板 (6) 采用链板式床板, 相对应的床垫 (10) 为筒形滚动 床垫 (10), 转动时要从床板下面绕过。 所以这两段床板的厚度是头部床板 (9) 的两倍, 为 了便于床垫和床单的更换要将护栏收到床板下面, 让出筒形滚动床垫 (10) 的空间。 现有的 病床护栏达不到要求, 折叠后体积过大, 所以只能采用双折叠护栏。 护栏上护框(8)是平行 四边形设计可以纵向折叠, 它安装在护框座(36)上面。 下折架摆臂(38)铰接护框座(36) 与连接固定板 (37)下折架可以横向上下摆动。 护栏收起后占用很小空间, 可以收于床板内 侧, 更方便病人上下床。 床头的两边护栏由连接固定板紧固于前床板架(11 )上面可随前床 板运动, 床尾护栏安装在床架(2)上面。 Since the backboard (7) and the hipboard (6) are provided with a chain plate, the corresponding mattress (10) is a cylindrical rolling mattress (10), which is rotated from below the bed. Therefore, the thickness of the two sections of the bed is twice that of the headboard (9). In order to facilitate the replacement of the mattress and the sheets, the guardrail should be received under the bedboard to give up the space of the cylindrical rolling mattress (10). The existing bed guardrail does not meet the requirements, and the volume after folding is too large, so only the double folding guardrail can be used. The guardrail upper frame (8) is parallel The quadrilateral design can be folded longitudinally and mounted on the frame mount (36). The lower folding frame swing arm (38) hinged guard frame seat (36) and the connecting fixing plate (37) lower folding frame can swing up and down. The guardrail takes up a small space after being put away, and can be received inside the bed board, which is more convenient for the patient to get on and off the bed. The two side rails of the bed head are fastened to the front bed frame (11) by the connecting fixing plate to move with the front bed board, and the bed tail guard rail is installed on the bed frame (2).
整体多功能全自动护理床的各种动作是由八根电动推杆(床架(2)升降同时用两根)和 一个电动机来完成。床架(2)升降可由护理人员手动操作开关完成, 其它动作完全由单片机 程控完成, 翻身动作的快慢、 时间长短、 夜间的翻身次数护理人员可以根据病人的情况事先 输入到单片机内, 大小便的时间动作及水冲洗热风烘干的过程也事先在单片机上编好程序自 动完成。  The various functions of the overall multi-functional automatic nursing bed are completed by eight electric push rods (the bed frame (2) is lifted at the same time with two) and an electric motor. The bed frame (2) lifting can be completed by the nursing staff manually operating the switch. Other actions are completely controlled by the single-chip computer. The speed of the turning movement, the length of time, and the number of turning over at night can be input into the MCU according to the patient's condition. The time action and the process of water rinsing and hot air drying are also automatically completed in advance on the MCU.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1. 多功能全自动护理床是由底架、 床架、 头部床板、 背部床板、 臀部床板、 腿部床板、 脚 部床板、 双折叠护栏、 坐便器折叠机构组成。 其特征是背部床板与臀部床板为链板式床 板, 床架后部腿部床板下面安装有坐便器折叠机构, 前部双折叠护栏安装在头部床板与 背部床板组成的前床板支架上, 后部双折叠护栏安装在床架上。 1. The multi-functional automatic nursing bed is composed of a bottom frame, a bed frame, a head bed board, a back bed board, a hip board board, a leg bed board, a foot bed board, a double folding guard rail, and a toilet folding mechanism. The utility model is characterized in that the back bed plate and the hip bed plate are chain plate type bed plates, and a toilet folding mechanism is arranged under the leg plate at the rear of the bed frame, and the front double folding guardrail is installed on the front bed plate bracket composed of the head bed plate and the back bed plate, the rear portion The double folding guardrail is mounted on the bed frame.
2. 如权利要求书 1所述: 背部床板和臀部床板是链板式床板, 每段床板是由两根链条将链 板串连起来可横向左右转动, 同时这两段床板上的床垫为筒状, 链板运动可带动床垫转 动。  2. According to claim 1, the back bed plate and the hip bed plate are chain plate type plates, each of which is connected by two chains to connect the chain plates in a horizontal direction, and the mattresses on the two bed plates are barrels. Shape, chain movement can drive the mattress to rotate.
3. 如权利要求书 1、 2所述: 背部床板和臀部床板是链板式床板, 两段床板纵向分为三块, 中间为固定床板, 两边的两块床板安装在边框架上面, 边框架铰接边框架连杆与边框架 摆臂, 在边框架电动推杆的推动下两边的两块床板可向上折起 0~90度的任意角度。 3. According to claim 1, 2: The back plate and the hip plate are chain plate plates, the two plates are longitudinally divided into three blocks, and the middle is a fixed bed plate. The two bed plates on both sides are mounted on the side frame, and the side frames are hinged. The side frame connecting rod and the side frame swing arm can be folded upward at any angle of 0 to 90 degrees under the pushing of the side frame electric push rod.
4. 如权利要求书 1、 2所述: 臀部床板按装在前支撑板与后支撑板中间, 通过螺钉固定在床 架上, 前支撑板与后支撑板为 10毫米以下的薄钢板加工而成。 4. According to claim 1, 2: The buttocks plate is installed between the front support plate and the rear support plate, and is fixed on the bed frame by screws, and the front support plate and the rear support plate are processed by a thin steel plate of 10 mm or less. to make.
5. 如权利要求书 1、 2所述: 两段链板式床板是由四根短链辊与长链辊组成的连辊轴支撑和 传动, 短链辊于长链辊之间的同步传动是由两个圆钢丝折成的 U型万向传动卡相扣完成, U型万向传动卡可以在长短链辊轴芯的两个圆孔内滑动。  5. According to claim 1, 2: The two-stage chain plate bed is supported and driven by a continuous roller shaft composed of four short-chain rollers and long-chain rollers, and the synchronous transmission between the short-chain rollers and the long-chain rollers is The U-shaped universal drive card folded by two round wires is interlocked, and the U-shaped universal drive card can slide in the two circular holes of the long and short chain roller core.
6. 如权利要求书 1所述: 腿部床板纵向与背部床板和臀部床板一样分为三块, 腿部边床板 与床架和脚部床板铰接相连, 腿部中床板铰接在中床板支架上面有两个电动推杆控制, 可做升降动作和中床板角度调整。  6. According to claim 1, the longitudinal direction of the leg board is divided into three pieces in the same manner as the back board and the hip board, and the leg side board is hingedly connected with the bed frame and the foot board, and the leg middle board is hinged on the middle board bracket. There are two electric push rod controls for lifting movement and mid-plate angle adjustment.
7. 如权利要求书 1所述: 坐便器折叠机构是由坐便器、 坐便机构摆杆推动臂、 摆杆轴坐便 机构电动推杆与坐便机构底架组成。  7. According to claim 1, the toilet folding mechanism is composed of a toilet seat, a toilet lever swinging arm, a swing lever shaft toilet mechanism electric push rod and a toilet mechanism chassis.
8. 如权利要求书 1、 7所述: 坐便器折叠机构由螺钉固定在床架上可整体拆卸, 折叠后收于 床板之下, 腿部中床板升起后在坐便机构电动推杆的推动下坐便器可平行上升, 放置在 臀部床板的滚动床垫上面的中间位置。  8. According to claim 1, 7: The toilet folding mechanism is fixed on the bed frame by screws, can be integrally removed, folded and closed under the bed plate, and the bed in the leg rises after the electric push rod of the toilet mechanism The toilet can be pushed up in parallel and placed in the middle of the rolling mattress on the buttocks.
9. 如权利要求书 1所述: 床板两边各有两个双折叠护栏, 护栏上护框为平行四边形结构可 纵向折叠, 下部为摆杆折叠机构可摆动折叠, 双折叠后可将护栏置于床板下面的内侧, 同时给滚动床垫的滚动和更换让开位置空间。  9. According to claim 1, there are two double-folding guardrails on each side of the bedboard. The guardrail on the guardrail has a parallelogram structure which can be longitudinally folded, and the lower part is a swinging folding mechanism which can be swing-folded. After double folding, the guardrail can be placed. The inside of the underside of the bed, while rolling and replacing the rolling mattress, allows the space to be opened.
PCT/CN2012/000824 2012-06-14 2012-06-14 Multifunctional full-automation care bed WO2013185260A1 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105342778A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-24 郑治平 Improved multifunctional full-electric nursing bed
CN106175803A (en) * 2015-05-05 2016-12-07 深圳市睿迪医疗器械有限公司 Urinary system X-ray production apparatus and detection platform device thereof
CN108392332A (en) * 2017-02-04 2018-08-14 王英男 Suitable for the multifunctional intelligent nursing bed of bed people
CN108652860A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-10-16 柯文光 It is multifunctional hospital bed

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CN2305981Y (en) * 1997-05-25 1999-02-03 山东龙冠医疗用品有限公司 Nursing bed
CN2321426Y (en) * 1998-04-09 1999-06-02 余惠名 Multi-function health care recovery bed
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106175803A (en) * 2015-05-05 2016-12-07 深圳市睿迪医疗器械有限公司 Urinary system X-ray production apparatus and detection platform device thereof
CN105342778A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-24 郑治平 Improved multifunctional full-electric nursing bed
CN108392332A (en) * 2017-02-04 2018-08-14 王英男 Suitable for the multifunctional intelligent nursing bed of bed people
CN108392332B (en) * 2017-02-04 2023-04-07 王英男 Multifunctional intelligent nursing bed suitable for bedridden people
CN108652860A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-10-16 柯文光 It is multifunctional hospital bed

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