WO2012011881A2 - A beehive base and roof for standard beehive body - Google Patents

A beehive base and roof for standard beehive body Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012011881A2
WO2012011881A2 PCT/TR2011/000154 TR2011000154W WO2012011881A2 WO 2012011881 A2 WO2012011881 A2 WO 2012011881A2 TR 2011000154 W TR2011000154 W TR 2011000154W WO 2012011881 A2 WO2012011881 A2 WO 2012011881A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pollen
drawer
holes
trap
separator
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/TR2011/000154
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2012011881A9 (en
Inventor
Muzaffer Yildirim
Original Assignee
Muzaffer Yildirim
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Muzaffer Yildirim filed Critical Muzaffer Yildirim
Publication of WO2012011881A2 publication Critical patent/WO2012011881A2/en
Publication of WO2012011881A9 publication Critical patent/WO2012011881A9/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives

Definitions

  • Our innovation is an enhancement of the bottom and top cover of a hive for a standard beehive body which have been modified for the purposes of rehabilitating the standard beehive bodies.
  • Beehives are used to house the bee for purposes of feeding and taking care of honey bee colonies in apiculture.
  • the hive applications available employ beehives made of wood and plastic, which may be difficult in terms of haulage and placement due to their heavy volume and weight.
  • bee hive applications used for apiculture purposes included in the current range of techniques is the standard wooden hive.
  • the materials are usually compliant with each other in standard beehives and arranged such that they are easily controlled by the apiarist (beekeeper) .
  • the top cover of the beehive which can be opened, includes frames to install the basic honeycomb inside.
  • the bee colony puffs up this basic honeycomb and lives on these frames.
  • the beekeeper removes these frames to check up on the requirements of the colony and provides them the necessary care.
  • the Dadant and Langstroth beehive types are the best examples of the standard wooden hives used in apiculture.
  • the distinguishing difference between the Dadant and Langstroth models is the dimensions of these beehives.
  • the Dadant type beehives is more suitable in challenging winter conditions with long periods of blooming. The wider body of this type of beehives also makes them eligible for extracted honey.
  • the Langstroth type of beehives is mainly used in dry areas with weak flora. This type of beehives is preferred in mobile apiculture as it is suitable for both honey produced in honeycombs and extracted honey.
  • the wooden beehives presently in use are designed with openings located at specific places for the entry and exit of the bees.
  • the inside of the hive is not ventilated properly causing the formation of humidity due to the fact that there are no openings other than the ones for entry and exit on the beehive.
  • the humidity that might form in the beehive may lead to the formation of mould and fungi on the honeycombs especially during winter, affecting the quality of the honey negatively.
  • the excessive humidity in the beehive has a negative effect on the bee colony inhabiting it, which in turn leads to a drop in the production and reproduction performance of the colony.
  • the high level of humidity in the beehive causes an excess of water to collect in the honey and hence its maturation takes place later than usual.
  • Adjustment apparatus supplementary screen hole 57. Adjustable pollen trap
  • All the pieces used in the bottom and top structures of our innovation have been manufactured from polymer by using inflating technology. Thanks to this technology, the exterior and interior of the bottom and top structures are made of polymer while the section in between is air filled. The thermal insulation of the bottom and top parts of the beehive is ensured due to the fact that the heat insulation capacity of the material is high.
  • the innovation prevents the return of the varroa to the beehive thus reducing the amount available in the hive.
  • the bottom and top units of our innovation contain various ventilation holes and channels placed accordingly. Thanks to these holes and channels, the amount of air necessary for the survival of the bee population in the hive is ensured. This leads to an increase in the quality of the honey. Furthermore, sufficient ventilation of the interior of the beehive ensures that the risk of mould and humidity formation is eliminated.
  • the adjustment apparatus (54) of our innovation makes adjustments to the different sized beehive bodies possible. Thanks to this feature our innovation is suitable for use on many different models presently available in the market.
  • Our innovation includes preferably four bottom pedestals (1) for the hive bottom of the standard beehive that constitutes our innovation as well as the top part that is placed on the standard beehive body, and preferably a smooth and rectangular bottom body that would be (3) compliant with the structure of the beehive body, and on the bottom body (3) the socket of the pollen trap (18) with at least one pollen trap placed inside to move back and forth (7) freely, on the lower part of the bottom body (3) preferably positioned on the middle point of the long edge of the bottom body (3) at least one bottom body side pedestal (58) for each long edge of the bottom body (3), and on the lower part of the bottom body (3) , in the pollen drawer socket (19) at least one pollen and varroa drawer (4) that can be moved back and forth freely, a bee guide separator (6) that is preferably placed in
  • Each bottom pedestal (1) contains at least one bottom pedestal pad (2) that is placed underneath the bottom pedestal (1) .
  • the bottom pedestal pads (2) are preferably manufactured from polymer material of elastomer specifications, and thanks to this feature, slippage upon stacking of beehives is prevented. Furthermore, the dimensions and structure of the bottom pedestal pads (2) have been arranged in a manner to fit in the socket (49) designed for these pads. Also the bottom pedestal pads (2) do not cover the entire bottom surface of the pedestal (1) .
  • the bottom pedestal pads (2) preferably start from the inner part of the bottom pedestal (1) and continue along the surface of the pedestal bottom, covering the bottom surface partially leaving an uncovered section. As such, even if the bottom pedestal pads (2) of the stacked up beehives move from their place in case of an impact, the beehives stay put.
  • the bottom body (3) is in smooth rectangular shape containing bottom body holes (13) along the entire length of the bottom body (3) upper surface. At the point where these holes are no longer available on the upper surface of the bottom body (3), the bottom body walls are positioned (2) in a manner that would cover preferably 3 sides of the upper surface of the bottom body (3) . On the bottom body walls (22) the screw holes (12) are preferably placed. The screw holes placed as such (12) are used to screw the standard beehive body to the bottom body (3) .
  • the bottom body holes (13) are preferably positioned on the upper surface of the bottom body (3) displaying an inclination from the start to the end of the upper surface of the bottom body (3).
  • the bottom body holes (13) are positioned deeper on the bottom body (3) upper surface where the bee entry-exit separator (6) is located while they are more elevated on the back side of the upper surface of the bottom body (3). As explained above, the bottom body holes (13) are placed in a manner to ensure that their highest point lies on the back part of the beehive, while they get deeper as they reach the part where the bee entry-exit separator (6) is located on the front.
  • the standard beehive body constituting our innovation includes a hive bottom, and an adjustment apparatus (54) placed on the upper part of the bottom body wall (22) . Thanks to this feature it is possible to affix beehive bodies of different sizes on the bottom body (3) .
  • the adjustment apparatus (54) includes adjustment apparatus main screw holes (55) and adjustment apparatus supplementary screw holes (56).
  • the adjustment apparatus main screw holes (55) and adjustment apparatus supplementary screw holes (56) are positioned in a sequence on different levels on the adjustment apparatus (54).
  • the main screw holes of the adjustment apparatus (55) that extend in a sequenced plane are used for the connection of a bottom body of specific dimensions, while the supplementary screw holes of the adjustment apparatus (56) are used to connect a bottom body of different size.
  • the bottom unit can also be placed under the wooden beehive body without screwing on.
  • the shape and dimensions of the bottom unit are in proportion with the dimensions and shape of the wooden beehive, it is easily possible to use the hive without screwing on the bottom unit, provided that the hive is not moved from its place.
  • pollen trap route (15) follows an indentation above the bottom body holes (13) preferably at an inclination that is the same as the bottom body holes (13). Thanks to this feature of the innovation a pollen collection chamber (23) is established between the pollen trap (7) and bottom body holes (13) when the pollen trap (7) is placed on the bottom body holes (13) .
  • the bottom body holes (13) deepen as they get closer to the bee entry-exit separator (6) while the height of the side walls of the pollen trap progressively increase in line with the inclination of the bottom body holes (13) towards the bee entry-exit separator (6).
  • the pollen chamber (23) has the highest volume on the side of the bee entry-exit separator (6) tapering off gradually towards the back side of the beehive.
  • the pollen trap (7) is preferably placed above the pollen trap socket (18) on the back of the beehive, on the side opposite the section where the bee entry-exit separator is located (6). When the pollen trap (7) is not used, it can be pulled out of the beehive.
  • Pollen trap (7) is separated and removed from the bottom structure upon conclusion of the pollen season.
  • a pollen trap stopper (35) has been provided to be placed in the socket of the pollen trap (18) upon its removal. This mechanism prevents the entry of cold air through the gap in the bottom of the hive.
  • Pollen trap stopper (35) has at least one stopper lock (39) on each corner of entry into the pollen trap socket (19) . Thanks to this feature, the pollen trap stopper (35) can be placed and fixed in the pollen trap socket (18).
  • adjustable pollen trap (57) In another application of our innovation an adjustable pollen trap (57) has been used.
  • the structure of the adjustable pollen trap (57) contains positioning marks (52) at the end, on the side of the pollen trap socket (18) as well as positioning indentations (51) to be at least one on each side of the adjustable pollen trap (57) preferably placed between the positioning marks (52) and pollen trap holes (14) .
  • the adjustable pollen trap (57) from its socket in a manner that the positioning marks (52) are left outside the hive; in other words, the adjustable pollen trap is pulled out in a manner that the positioning indentations are held by the pollen trap socket (18) upper wall and as such it becomes possible to use the beehive without separating the pollen apparatus from it. Under the circumstances, the beehive user would not be required to employ a pollen trap stopper (35) to close the pollen trap socket (18).
  • a bee passage channel (53) is formed on the side of the bee entry-exit separator (6) above the bottom body holes (13) with the movement of the adjustable pollen trap (57) . Thanks to this feature, the bees without being caught in the catch themselves (without leaving any pollen) , can enter and exit the hive. Furthermore, due to the location of the bee passage channel in the front, the crowding of the bees at the entrance to the beehive is prevented.
  • the pollen and varroa drawer (4) is similarly placed on the pollen drawer socket (19) that is positioned on the back of the beehive and when desired the system can be separated.
  • pollen and varroa drawer ventilation holes are preferably placed (5).
  • pollen and varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes are placed at regular intervals for purposes of ensuring sufficient ventilation. Thanks to the pollen and varroa drawer side ventilation holes (5) the pollen collected on the pollen and varroa drawer (4) is dried by means of the air current.
  • the sides of the pollen and varroa drawer (4) have been designed with a tilt, and this feature ensures that any pollen and varroa transferred below is collected on the bottom surface of the drawer.
  • properly sorted pollen trap holes (14) have been positioned, large enough to allow worker bees to pass and small enough to prevent drones from passing through; each of them being of the same size.
  • a part of the front section of pollen trap (7) which joins with the bee entry- exit separator (6) in a manner in which it will stay empty (without holes) , is positioned in the section of the pollen trap (7), which is towards the back of the beehive. Due to the pollen trap's (7) front section being left as a non- perforated smooth wall, the bees cannot go to the top section of the beehive from the first sections of the pollen chamber (23) . In turn, this prevents the bee congestion that occurs at the beehive entrance.
  • the standard beehive body which constitutes our innovation, consists of a beehive bottom, a bottom body (3) on it, and a minimum of one bee entry-exit separator (6) placed in separator nests (16) located on top of the bottom body side walls (22), at the open side of the bottom body (3) .
  • the terminal points of the bee entry exit separator (6) has been designed in a manner that allows the bee orienting separator (6) to be locked in or dismantled whenever desired from the separator nest.
  • the bee entry exit separator (6) will preferably have at its side parts and each side one separator connection rail (24) .
  • a minimum of one separator latch (10) is positioned at the top and bottom bee entry side holes (11) .
  • a minimum of one separator latch (9) is positioned on the separator latch rail (10) preferably in a smooth rectangular shape, which can move backwards and forwards freely.
  • a separator latch arm (25) has been positioned on the separator latch (9).
  • the separator latch rail (10) extends up to the separator mid body (26) and ends there. As such the separator latch (9) can only be moved up to the mid body of the separator (26).
  • the bee entrance holes (8) have been positioned in a sequential manner at the bottom part of the separator mid body (26) . On the upper part of the separator mid body (26) , on the other hand, there are the separator ventilation holes (21).
  • the bee entry exit separator (6) could be used to arrange the entry and exit of the bee colony into and out of the beehive according to the seasons and environmental conditions.
  • the bee entry and exit separator (6) can be dismantled from the separator nests (16) , and could be reinstalled when desired.
  • Bee entry exit separator (6) can be used from both sides.
  • the bee entry exit separator (6) is installed inversely in a manner that the separator air holes are on the bee flight platform (17) side.
  • the separator latch (9) is also slid toward the side in a manner as to close the bee entry side holes (11). The beehive is thus sealed and the entry and exit of the bee colony is prevented.
  • the bee entry holes (8) and bee entry side holes (11) on the bee entry exit separator (6) have been designed in sizes that allow the bees living in the hive to pass through.
  • the drones that try to enter into the hive by using bee entry holes (8) cannot pass through the pollen traps (14) due to their sizes and therefore drones are obliged to only use the bee entry side holes (11) .
  • the drones go through the pollen trap holes (14), the pollen they carry gets trapped in these holes, and pollen drops into the pollen and varoa drawer (4), which is positioned in the bottom part (7) of the pollen trap.
  • the entry of the bee colony into the hive can also be arranged by changing the position of the separator latch (9) .
  • all bee entry-exit side holes (11) are fully opened by pulling the separator latch (9) up to the wall of the separator mid body (25) , and while the drones enter the hive through the bee entry-exit holes (8), worker bees enter into the hive through the bee entry-exit holes.
  • the separator latch (9) is pulled back towards the separator connection rails (24) and the bee side entry holes (11) are closed, and all bees make entry to the hive through the bee entry holes (8).
  • the pollen trap is separated from the pollen trap (7) .
  • the drones can enter into the hive through the bee entry holes (8).
  • the separator latch (9) can be adjusted so as to only close one or two of the bee side entry holes (11) and the drone activity within the hive can thus be arranged.
  • a hive ceiling for the standard beehive which is our innovation, will contain bee pad sockets (49) preferably at the top sides of the hive ceiling body (47) that is preferably of a smooth rectangular structure in order to provide ease of stacking.
  • the hive pad sockets (49) have been designed in sizes and form that enable them to fit the bottom pads (2) .
  • Our innovation of hive ceiling to be used with a standard beehive body contains hive pad positioning sockets (49) located preferably on the upper corners of the hive ceiling body (47) to ensure ease of positioning during the stacking of beehives that are preferably in smooth rectangular shape.
  • Hive pad positioning sockets (49) are designed to be compliant with the shape and structure of the bottom pedestal pads (2).
  • At least one ceiling rope connection socket (27) is placed on the hive ceiling as a diagonal part of the hive ceiling rectangle.
  • the ceiling body (47) at the middle point of the two side edges diagonal to the ceiling rope connection sockets (27) there is at least one bottom side body pedestal socket (50) compliant with the position and structure of each one of the bottom side body pedestals (58) as placed under the bottom body (3) bottom part.
  • the ceiling body explained above preferably contains locking latch sockets (43) that assist the connection of the standard beehive body with the ceiling body on the sides of the ceiling body (47).
  • the standard beehive body constituting our innovation contains the hive bottom, a bee guidance separator (6) to arrange the entry and exit of the bees to and from the beehive and to assist the pollen collection, a pollen trap (7) and a pollen and varroa drawer (4). Besides the foregoing there can be different structures to regulate bee entry and exits and pollen collection.
  • the product includes preferably the bottom body (3) located on a hive body, with a bee entry and exit separator located on the front (6), and placed in front of the separator there is a vertical pollen trap (30) that operates on the basis of the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism (33) , underneath the vertical pollen trap (30) there is at least one pollen drawer (31) as placed under the bottom body (3) and can be removed and re-positioned through the front of the hive, with again at least one varroa drawer (32) that can be removed and re-positioned through the back of the hive as placed underneath the bottom body starting from the point the pollen drawer (31) ends and extending to the back of the hive.
  • a vertical pollen trap (30) that operates on the basis of the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism (33) , underneath the vertical pollen trap (30) there is at least one pollen drawer (31) as placed under the bottom body (3) and can be removed and re-positioned through the front of the hive, with again at least one varroa drawer (32) that
  • the vertical pollen trap (28) included in the application contains one vertical pollen trap side hole (29) at the tip of the vertical pollen trap (28) sized wide enough to let through the male bees as well as vertical pollen trap holes (30) located on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) and spaced regularly on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) in a manner that would let the worker bees through but too tight for the male bees to pass through.
  • the vertical pollen trap (28) is placed vertical to the bottom body (3) during the pollen collection season and as such it is ensured that pollen is collected by means of the vertical pollen collection catch (28).
  • the vertical pollen trap contained in the structure is folded by using the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism to form an angel of 90 degrees and laid down flat on the body bottom (3) .
  • a rectangular shaped pollen trapping platform (59) containing regularly spaced pollen passed through holes (42) is placed on the front of the vertical pollen trap (28).
  • a pollen trapping platform (59) is placed in the part where the bee take off platform (17) is located.
  • the pollen drawer (31) positioned within the structure of the bottom body, must be placed right under the pollen pass through holes (42) to ensure that the falling pollen is collected in the pollen drawer. This will ensure that the pollen collected from the bees by means of the vertical pollen trap (28) is transmitted to and collected in the pollen drawer (31) without any losses.
  • the pollen drawer (31) that is used within the scope of the application contains side ventilation holes (38) and the sides of the pollen drawer have been given a tilted design to ensure that the pollen is collected on the bottom surface of the drawer (31) . Furthermore, along the bottom surface of the pollen drawer (31) there are regularly spaced pollen drawer bottom ventilation holes (34) . Thanks to this feature, pollen falling in the pollen drawer is collected to ensure that it is dried.
  • the pollen drawer lock (41) has been designed to form a small protrusion on the front of the pollen drawer (31) . Thanks to this feature, when the pollen drawer is closed, it fits into its socket perfectly and it does not easily come undone from to any external impact.
  • the varroa drawer (32) has been designed with tilted sides and on these tilted sides varroa drawer side ventilation holes (45) are placed. Again, along the bottom surface of the varroa drawer (32) there are regularly spaced varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes (44). These holes ensure the circulation of air inside the hive. As is the case with the pollen drawer (31) there is at least one varroa drawer lock (46) located on the front of the Varroa Tray (32) to be used to affix the pollen drawer (31) on the body of the bottom.

Abstract

Our innovation includes a hive bottom and top (ceiling) to fit on a standard beehive body and to be used for the rehabilitation of such standard beehive bodies. The hive bottom and top (ceiling) can be conveniently used on the conventional beehive bodies presently in use.

Description

DESCRIPTION
A BEEHIVE BASE AND ROOF FOR ST AND ART BEEHIVE BODY
Our innovation is an enhancement of the bottom and top cover of a hive for a standard beehive body which have been modified for the purposes of rehabilitating the standard beehive bodies.
Beehives are used to house the bee for purposes of feeding and taking care of honey bee colonies in apiculture.
According to current techniques, the hive applications available employ beehives made of wood and plastic, which may be difficult in terms of haulage and placement due to their heavy volume and weight.
These current hive applications do not include the detail necessary to serve the purpose of improving the quality of the honey produced by the bee population as they do not ensure that the bee population is well taken care of or their quality of life improved.
Current techniques include many different hive applications used for purposes of apiculture within the scope of the present state of the technique. The most primitive example to the presently available applications is called "Natural Honeycomb" and is made of materials such as straw and pieces of wood. The bees randomly comb the honeycomb randomly in a natural honeycomb. The bees are not provided any special care in this type of beehive, but only the honeycomb is cut out to remove the honey. The bee colony housed in a natural honeycomb grows by itself without any external intervention. This process therefore does not involve standard apiculture and any applications indicated above are not presently used in modern apiculture.
Another example of bee hive applications used for apiculture purposes included in the current range of techniques is the standard wooden hive. The materials are usually compliant with each other in standard beehives and arranged such that they are easily controlled by the apiarist (beekeeper) . The top cover of the beehive, which can be opened, includes frames to install the basic honeycomb inside. The bee colony puffs up this basic honeycomb and lives on these frames. The beekeeper removes these frames to check up on the requirements of the colony and provides them the necessary care.
The Dadant and Langstroth beehive types are the best examples of the standard wooden hives used in apiculture. The distinguishing difference between the Dadant and Langstroth models is the dimensions of these beehives. The Dadant type beehives is more suitable in challenging winter conditions with long periods of blooming. The wider body of this type of beehives also makes them eligible for extracted honey.
On the other hand, the Langstroth type of beehives is mainly used in dry areas with weak flora. This type of beehives is preferred in mobile apiculture as it is suitable for both honey produced in honeycombs and extracted honey.
The use of wooden beehives in apiculture has its challenges. It was not possible to use raw materials such as wood and metal for small and fine parts due to the fact that the standard wooden beehives are constructed by joining wooden panels together. Furthermore, mainly metal screws are used to connect separate parts in the process of joining the wooden materials. The said metal screws show a tendency to collect rust over time, preventing the hygienic production of honey. Moreover the wooden structure of the beehive turns out to be weak in terms of heat insulation. It has been mandatory to use various insulation additives besides the wood on the structure of the beehive for this reason. However, these insulation elements can be used for the insulation of side panels of the beehive while the top cover and the bottom of the beehive remain weak in terms of heat insulation.
The wooden beehives presently in use are designed with openings located at specific places for the entry and exit of the bees. The inside of the hive is not ventilated properly causing the formation of humidity due to the fact that there are no openings other than the ones for entry and exit on the beehive. The humidity that might form in the beehive may lead to the formation of mould and fungi on the honeycombs especially during winter, affecting the quality of the honey negatively. Also the excessive humidity in the beehive has a negative effect on the bee colony inhabiting it, which in turn leads to a drop in the production and reproduction performance of the colony. Furthermore, the high level of humidity in the beehive causes an excess of water to collect in the honey and hence its maturation takes place later than usual.
As it stands with current techniques, wooden beehive applications in use are generally manufactured in two different models for different uses as previously mentioned above. The wooden types of beehives, which are presently used, lose their functionality due to this reason when implementation of different conditions and terms become necessary . In the Turkish Utility Model Certificate registered under application number 2007/04778 within the scope of the present state of the technique, reference is made to a beehive that can accommodate several frames, which can be stacked side by side with a top cover that can be opened and closed, with polyester based vertical and horizontal parts of the body making up the lid and the body, and containing a single insulation layer inside. Although this beehive eliminates insulation problems experience by the presently available ones, the other issues have not been resolved with the introduction of this design. Furthermore, this beehive is made of a combination of two different materials with expansion coefficients that are also different. For this reason, the expansion of these two materials in the face of temperature changes would be different causing a progressive damage to the structure of the beehive over time.
There are no means to fight against health threats in bees such as varroa and moth in the wooden beehives, which are presently used. It is necessary to use medicine against factors causing diseases in bees such as varroa, moths, etc. for the foregoing reason. The medicine required to be used leaves behind a residue in the honey and this residue negatively affects the quality of the honey. Furthermore, this residue of medicine indicated above also has undesired effects in human health.
(1) Explanation of Figures 1. The front view of the bottom of the beehive with the bee guide separator installed in a straight manner on a standard beehive body.
2. The frontal view of the bottom of the beehive with the bee guide separator installed straight, and the separator latch turned to fall-winter position.
3. The view of the bottom of the beehive from below on a standard beehive body,
4. The bottom view of the beehive from above for a standard beehive body, when detached from the body of the hive, on a standard beehive body.
5. The frontal view of the bottom and the top of the beehive on a standard beehive body, attached to the body of the same with the bee guidance separator in reverse position
6. On a standard beehive body, the frontal view of the bottom and the top of the beehive as attached to the body of the same with the bee guidance separator in reverse position while other position of the separator latch also in view
7. On a standard beehive body, the frontal view of the bottom and the top of the beehive as attached to the body of the same with the bee guidance separator in reverse position while other position of the separator latch also in view
8. On a standard beehive body, the frontal view of the bottom and the top of the beehive as attached to the body of the same with the bee guidance separator in straight position
The frontal view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap
The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap from above
The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and detached varroa drawer, from below
. The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and detached varroa and pollen drawers, from below
. The side view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and open varroa and pollen drawers
. The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and open varroa and pollen drawers, from above
. The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and open varroa and pollen drawers, from below
. The frontal view of the beehive with attached bottom and top on a standard beehive body
. The view of the beehive top on a standard beehive body from above
. The frontal view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, showing the vertical pollen trap in horizontal position
. The side view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, and open varroa and pollen drawers
20. The side view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with vertical pollen trap, showing the vertical pollen trap in horizontal position
21. The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with adjustable pollen trap, from above
22. The close cross section view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with adjustable pollen trap, from above
23. The view of the beehive bottom on a standard beehive body with adjustable pollen trap in open position, from above
24. View of the disassembled state of the adjustment apparatus from above
View of the assembled state of the adjustment apparatus on a standard beehive body from above
(2) Explanation of Parts
1. Bottom pedestal
2. Bottom pedestal pads
3. Bottom body
4. Varroa-pollen drawer
5. Varroa-pollen drawer side ventilation holes
6. Bee entry - exit separator
7. Pollen trap
8. Bee entry - exit holes
9. Separator latch
10 Separator latch rail 11. Bee entry - exit side holes
12. Screw holes
13. Floor body holes
14. Pollen trap holes
15. Pollen trap route
16. Separator socket
17. Bee take-off platform
18. Pollen trap socket
19. Pollen drawer socket
20. Pedestal padding ventilation holes
21. Separator ventilation holes
22. Floor body wall
23. Pollen collection chamber
24. Separator connection rails
25. Separator latch handle
26. Separator central body
27. Ceiling rope tying socket
28. Vertical pollen trap body
29. Vertical pollen trap side holes
30. Vertical pollen trap holes
31. Body of the Pollen collection drawer
32. Body of the Varroa collection drawer
33. Vertical Pollen trap movement mechanism
34. Pollen collection drawer hole
35. Pollen trap stopper
36. Ceiling ventilation valve
37. Vertical pollen trap central ledge 38. Varroa pollen drawer bottom ventilation holes
39. Pollen trap stopper lock
40. Pollen drawer handle
41. Pollen collection drawer lock
42. Pollen dropping holes
43. Locking latch socket
44. Varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes
45. Varroa drawer side ventilation holes
46. Varroa drawer lock
47. Ceiling body
48. Ceiling ventilation shutters
49. Beehive padding settlement socket
50. Beehive side body pedestal settling socket
51. Position indentation
52. Position markings
53. Bee passage canal
54. Adjustment apparatus
55. Adjustment apparatus main screen hole
56. Adjustment apparatus supplementary screen hole 57. Adjustable pollen trap
58. Floor side body pedestal
59. Pollen dropping platform
60. Varroa-pollen drawer bottom ventilation holes
The living conditions of the bee colony improved thanks the features of the beehive bottom and top utilized using the standard beehive body of our innovation, and as such both the quality and amount of honey produced are increased . All the pieces used in the bottom and top structures of our innovation have been manufactured from polymer by using inflating technology. Thanks to this technology, the exterior and interior of the bottom and top structures are made of polymer while the section in between is air filled. The thermal insulation of the bottom and top parts of the beehive is ensured due to the fact that the heat insulation capacity of the material is high.
Both the positioning and hauling of the beehive are made easier thanks to the details included in the bottom and top structures .
It is possible to use a bottom and a top on the already available beehive body without changing the entire structure for rehabilitation purposes. On the body of wooden or plastic beehives that are already in use, the bottom and top structures of our innovation can be conveniently applied. Thanks to this capability the user is not required to bear the expense of replacing the entire beehive and instead can add the new bottom and top on the body of the beehive that is already in use. Our innovation includes features such as ventilation and discharge channels (13) and a pollen and varroa drawer (4), suitable for combating bee related sicknesses without using chemicals. The varroa that falls on to the bottom of the hive, further drops on to the pollen and varroa drawer (4) through the ventilation and discharge channels and as such it is not redirected to the beehive. The innovation prevents the return of the varroa to the beehive thus reducing the amount available in the hive.
The bottom and top units of our innovation contain various ventilation holes and channels placed accordingly. Thanks to these holes and channels, the amount of air necessary for the survival of the bee population in the hive is ensured. This leads to an increase in the quality of the honey. Furthermore, sufficient ventilation of the interior of the beehive ensures that the risk of mould and humidity formation is eliminated.
Any waste in the hive is transferred to the pollen and varroa drawer (4) by means of the ventilation and discharge channels within the scope of our innovation (13) . This ensures that the inside of the beehive is kept clean.
The adjustment apparatus (54) of our innovation makes adjustments to the different sized beehive bodies possible. Thanks to this feature our innovation is suitable for use on many different models presently available in the market. Our innovation includes preferably four bottom pedestals (1) for the hive bottom of the standard beehive that constitutes our innovation as well as the top part that is placed on the standard beehive body, and preferably a smooth and rectangular bottom body that would be (3) compliant with the structure of the beehive body, and on the bottom body (3) the socket of the pollen trap (18) with at least one pollen trap placed inside to move back and forth (7) freely, on the lower part of the bottom body (3) preferably positioned on the middle point of the long edge of the bottom body (3) at least one bottom body side pedestal (58) for each long edge of the bottom body (3), and on the lower part of the bottom body (3) , in the pollen drawer socket (19) at least one pollen and varroa drawer (4) that can be moved back and forth freely, a bee guide separator (6) that is preferably placed in the bottom body (3) front part, and preferably at least one bee takeoff platform (17) that is positioned on the front of the bee entry-exit separator (6) .
Each bottom pedestal (1) contains at least one bottom pedestal pad (2) that is placed underneath the bottom pedestal (1) . The bottom pedestal pads (2) are preferably manufactured from polymer material of elastomer specifications, and thanks to this feature, slippage upon stacking of beehives is prevented. Furthermore, the dimensions and structure of the bottom pedestal pads (2) have been arranged in a manner to fit in the socket (49) designed for these pads. Also the bottom pedestal pads (2) do not cover the entire bottom surface of the pedestal (1) . The bottom pedestal pads (2) preferably start from the inner part of the bottom pedestal (1) and continue along the surface of the pedestal bottom, covering the bottom surface partially leaving an uncovered section. As such, even if the bottom pedestal pads (2) of the stacked up beehives move from their place in case of an impact, the beehives stay put.
The bottom body (3) is in smooth rectangular shape containing bottom body holes (13) along the entire length of the bottom body (3) upper surface. At the point where these holes are no longer available on the upper surface of the bottom body (3), the bottom body walls are positioned (2) in a manner that would cover preferably 3 sides of the upper surface of the bottom body (3) . On the bottom body walls (22) the screw holes (12) are preferably placed. The screw holes placed as such (12) are used to screw the standard beehive body to the bottom body (3) . The bottom body holes (13) are preferably positioned on the upper surface of the bottom body (3) displaying an inclination from the start to the end of the upper surface of the bottom body (3). The bottom body holes (13) are positioned deeper on the bottom body (3) upper surface where the bee entry-exit separator (6) is located while they are more elevated on the back side of the upper surface of the bottom body (3). As explained above, the bottom body holes (13) are placed in a manner to ensure that their highest point lies on the back part of the beehive, while they get deeper as they reach the part where the bee entry-exit separator (6) is located on the front. The standard beehive body constituting our innovation includes a hive bottom, and an adjustment apparatus (54) placed on the upper part of the bottom body wall (22) . Thanks to this feature it is possible to affix beehive bodies of different sizes on the bottom body (3) . The adjustment apparatus (54) includes adjustment apparatus main screw holes (55) and adjustment apparatus supplementary screw holes (56). The adjustment apparatus main screw holes (55) and adjustment apparatus supplementary screw holes (56) are positioned in a sequence on different levels on the adjustment apparatus (54). The main screw holes of the adjustment apparatus (55) that extend in a sequenced plane are used for the connection of a bottom body of specific dimensions, while the supplementary screw holes of the adjustment apparatus (56) are used to connect a bottom body of different size.
If it is the preference of the user, the bottom unit can also be placed under the wooden beehive body without screwing on. As the shape and dimensions of the bottom unit are in proportion with the dimensions and shape of the wooden beehive, it is easily possible to use the hive without screwing on the bottom unit, provided that the hive is not moved from its place.
In the middle of the bottom body holes (13) at least one pollen trap route (15) is placed. Pollen trap route (15) follows an indentation above the bottom body holes (13) preferably at an inclination that is the same as the bottom body holes (13). Thanks to this feature of the innovation a pollen collection chamber (23) is established between the pollen trap (7) and bottom body holes (13) when the pollen trap (7) is placed on the bottom body holes (13) . The bottom body holes (13) deepen as they get closer to the bee entry-exit separator (6) while the height of the side walls of the pollen trap progressively increase in line with the inclination of the bottom body holes (13) towards the bee entry-exit separator (6). Thanks to this feature, the pollen chamber (23) has the highest volume on the side of the bee entry-exit separator (6) tapering off gradually towards the back side of the beehive. The pollen trap (7) is preferably placed above the pollen trap socket (18) on the back of the beehive, on the side opposite the section where the bee entry-exit separator is located (6). When the pollen trap (7) is not used, it can be pulled out of the beehive.
Pollen trap (7) is separated and removed from the bottom structure upon conclusion of the pollen season. A pollen trap stopper (35) has been provided to be placed in the socket of the pollen trap (18) upon its removal. This mechanism prevents the entry of cold air through the gap in the bottom of the hive. Pollen trap stopper (35) has at least one stopper lock (39) on each corner of entry into the pollen trap socket (19) . Thanks to this feature, the pollen trap stopper (35) can be placed and fixed in the pollen trap socket (18).
In another application of our innovation an adjustable pollen trap (57) has been used. The structure of the adjustable pollen trap (57) contains positioning marks (52) at the end, on the side of the pollen trap socket (18) as well as positioning indentations (51) to be at least one on each side of the adjustable pollen trap (57) preferably placed between the positioning marks (52) and pollen trap holes (14) . When the user of the beehive no longer wish to collect pollen, he pulls out the adjustable pollen trap (57) from its socket in a manner that the positioning marks (52) are left outside the hive; in other words, the adjustable pollen trap is pulled out in a manner that the positioning indentations are held by the pollen trap socket (18) upper wall and as such it becomes possible to use the beehive without separating the pollen apparatus from it. Under the circumstances, the beehive user would not be required to employ a pollen trap stopper (35) to close the pollen trap socket (18). When the hive user pulls out the adjustable pollen trap (57) outside the hive, a bee passage channel (53) is formed on the side of the bee entry-exit separator (6) above the bottom body holes (13) with the movement of the adjustable pollen trap (57) . Thanks to this feature, the bees without being caught in the catch themselves (without leaving any pollen) , can enter and exit the hive. Furthermore, due to the location of the bee passage channel in the front, the crowding of the bees at the entrance to the beehive is prevented.
The pollen and varroa drawer (4) is similarly placed on the pollen drawer socket (19) that is positioned on the back of the beehive and when desired the system can be separated. On the sides of the pollen and varroa drawer (4) pollen and varroa drawer ventilation holes are preferably placed (5). On the bottom surface of the pollen and varroa drawer (4) pollen and varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes (60) are placed at regular intervals for purposes of ensuring sufficient ventilation. Thanks to the pollen and varroa drawer side ventilation holes (5) the pollen collected on the pollen and varroa drawer (4) is dried by means of the air current. The sides of the pollen and varroa drawer (4) have been designed with a tilt, and this feature ensures that any pollen and varroa transferred below is collected on the bottom surface of the drawer. In the top part of the Pollen trap (7), properly sorted pollen trap holes (14) have been positioned, large enough to allow worker bees to pass and small enough to prevent drones from passing through; each of them being of the same size. With the purpose of the pollen trap holes (14) to achieve the desired bee circulation, a part of the front section of pollen trap (7), which joins with the bee entry- exit separator (6) in a manner in which it will stay empty (without holes) , is positioned in the section of the pollen trap (7), which is towards the back of the beehive. Due to the pollen trap's (7) front section being left as a non- perforated smooth wall, the bees cannot go to the top section of the beehive from the first sections of the pollen chamber (23) . In turn, this prevents the bee congestion that occurs at the beehive entrance.
The standard beehive body, which constitutes our innovation, consists of a beehive bottom, a bottom body (3) on it, and a minimum of one bee entry-exit separator (6) placed in separator nests (16) located on top of the bottom body side walls (22), at the open side of the bottom body (3) . The terminal points of the bee entry exit separator (6) has been designed in a manner that allows the bee orienting separator (6) to be locked in or dismantled whenever desired from the separator nest. The bee entry exit separator (6) will preferably have at its side parts and each side one separator connection rail (24) . At the bee entry exit separator (6) end points, and at the sides of the separator connection rails (24), situated at the top part, preferably 3, and at the bottom part preferably 3 units of bee entry exit side holes (11) are positioned. A minimum of one separator latch (10) is positioned at the top and bottom bee entry side holes (11) . A minimum of one separator latch (9) is positioned on the separator latch rail (10) preferably in a smooth rectangular shape, which can move backwards and forwards freely. A separator latch arm (25) has been positioned on the separator latch (9). The separator latch rail (10) extends up to the separator mid body (26) and ends there. As such the separator latch (9) can only be moved up to the mid body of the separator (26). The bee entrance holes (8) have been positioned in a sequential manner at the bottom part of the separator mid body (26) . On the upper part of the separator mid body (26) , on the other hand, there are the separator ventilation holes (21).
The bee entry exit separator (6) could be used to arrange the entry and exit of the bee colony into and out of the beehive according to the seasons and environmental conditions. The bee entry and exit separator (6) can be dismantled from the separator nests (16) , and could be reinstalled when desired. Bee entry exit separator (6) can be used from both sides. In cases when the bee colony, and therefore the bee colony, has to be relocated from one place to another, or in cases when the colony has to be disconnected from the external environmental conditions such as pesticide application, the bee entry exit separator (6) is installed inversely in a manner that the separator air holes are on the bee flight platform (17) side. In addition to this the separator latch (9) is also slid toward the side in a manner as to close the bee entry side holes (11). The beehive is thus sealed and the entry and exit of the bee colony is prevented.
The bee entry holes (8) and bee entry side holes (11) on the bee entry exit separator (6) have been designed in sizes that allow the bees living in the hive to pass through. However the drones that try to enter into the hive by using bee entry holes (8) cannot pass through the pollen traps (14) due to their sizes and therefore drones are obliged to only use the bee entry side holes (11) . While the drones go through the pollen trap holes (14), the pollen they carry gets trapped in these holes, and pollen drops into the pollen and varoa drawer (4), which is positioned in the bottom part (7) of the pollen trap.
The entry of the bee colony into the hive can also be arranged by changing the position of the separator latch (9) . In order for the pollen, which is collected by the bees in the appropriate season and environmental conditions, to be taken, all bee entry-exit side holes (11) are fully opened by pulling the separator latch (9) up to the wall of the separator mid body (25) , and while the drones enter the hive through the bee entry-exit holes (8), worker bees enter into the hive through the bee entry-exit holes. After the pollen collection season is over the separator latch (9) is pulled back towards the separator connection rails (24) and the bee side entry holes (11) are closed, and all bees make entry to the hive through the bee entry holes (8). In such a situation as there is no further need to perform pollen collection process within the hive, the pollen trap is separated from the pollen trap (7) . As there is no pollen trap (7) barrier, the drones can enter into the hive through the bee entry holes (8).
Furthermore if desired, the separator latch (9) can be adjusted so as to only close one or two of the bee side entry holes (11) and the drone activity within the hive can thus be arranged.
A hive ceiling for the standard beehive, which is our innovation, will contain bee pad sockets (49) preferably at the top sides of the hive ceiling body (47) that is preferably of a smooth rectangular structure in order to provide ease of stacking. The hive pad sockets (49) have been designed in sizes and form that enable them to fit the bottom pads (2) . Our innovation of hive ceiling to be used with a standard beehive body, contains hive pad positioning sockets (49) located preferably on the upper corners of the hive ceiling body (47) to ensure ease of positioning during the stacking of beehives that are preferably in smooth rectangular shape. Hive pad positioning sockets (49) are designed to be compliant with the shape and structure of the bottom pedestal pads (2). In order to improve the balance of the stacked hives during hauling and stacking processes, at least one ceiling rope connection socket (27) is placed on the hive ceiling as a diagonal part of the hive ceiling rectangle. Again on the upper part of the ceiling body (47), at the middle point of the two side edges diagonal to the ceiling rope connection sockets (27) there is at least one bottom side body pedestal socket (50) compliant with the position and structure of each one of the bottom side body pedestals (58) as placed under the bottom body (3) bottom part. On the upper part of the ceiling body (47) there are preferably two ceiling ventilation valves (37), and on one of the ceiling body
(47) side surfaces there is one ceiling ventilation shutter
(48) for purposes of ensuring ventilation in the hive.
The ceiling body explained above preferably contains locking latch sockets (43) that assist the connection of the standard beehive body with the ceiling body on the sides of the ceiling body (47).
The standard beehive body constituting our innovation contains the hive bottom, a bee guidance separator (6) to arrange the entry and exit of the bees to and from the beehive and to assist the pollen collection, a pollen trap (7) and a pollen and varroa drawer (4). Besides the foregoing there can be different structures to regulate bee entry and exits and pollen collection. Within the scope of the other application mentioned, the product includes preferably the bottom body (3) located on a hive body, with a bee entry and exit separator located on the front (6), and placed in front of the separator there is a vertical pollen trap (30) that operates on the basis of the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism (33) , underneath the vertical pollen trap (30) there is at least one pollen drawer (31) as placed under the bottom body (3) and can be removed and re-positioned through the front of the hive, with again at least one varroa drawer (32) that can be removed and re-positioned through the back of the hive as placed underneath the bottom body starting from the point the pollen drawer (31) ends and extending to the back of the hive.
The vertical pollen trap (28) included in the application contains one vertical pollen trap side hole (29) at the tip of the vertical pollen trap (28) sized wide enough to let through the male bees as well as vertical pollen trap holes (30) located on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) and spaced regularly on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) in a manner that would let the worker bees through but too tight for the male bees to pass through.
In the application the vertical pollen trap (28) is placed vertical to the bottom body (3) during the pollen collection season and as such it is ensured that pollen is collected by means of the vertical pollen collection catch (28). Upon conclusion of the pollen season, the vertical pollen trap contained in the structure is folded by using the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism to form an angel of 90 degrees and laid down flat on the body bottom (3) . Also in the application, a rectangular shaped pollen trapping platform (59) containing regularly spaced pollen passed through holes (42) is placed on the front of the vertical pollen trap (28). There is a bee take off platform (17) contained within the bottom body. A pollen trapping platform (59) is placed in the part where the bee take off platform (17) is located.
The pollen drawer (31) positioned within the structure of the bottom body, must be placed right under the pollen pass through holes (42) to ensure that the falling pollen is collected in the pollen drawer. This will ensure that the pollen collected from the bees by means of the vertical pollen trap (28) is transmitted to and collected in the pollen drawer (31) without any losses.
The pollen drawer (31) that is used within the scope of the application contains side ventilation holes (38) and the sides of the pollen drawer have been given a tilted design to ensure that the pollen is collected on the bottom surface of the drawer (31) . Furthermore, along the bottom surface of the pollen drawer (31) there are regularly spaced pollen drawer bottom ventilation holes (34) . Thanks to this feature, pollen falling in the pollen drawer is collected to ensure that it is dried.
On the front of the pollen drawer (31) there is a handle (40) provided to help with the removal and positioning of the pollen drawer (31) . Again on the front of the pollen drawer (31) there is at least one pollen drawer lock (41) . The pollen drawer lock (41) has been designed to form a small protrusion on the front of the pollen drawer (31) . Thanks to this feature, when the pollen drawer is closed, it fits into its socket perfectly and it does not easily come undone from to any external impact.
The varroa drawer (32) has been designed with tilted sides and on these tilted sides varroa drawer side ventilation holes (45) are placed. Again, along the bottom surface of the varroa drawer (32) there are regularly spaced varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes (44). These holes ensure the circulation of air inside the hive. As is the case with the pollen drawer (31) there is at least one varroa drawer lock (46) located on the front of the Varroa Tray (32) to be used to affix the pollen drawer (31) on the body of the bottom.

Claims

1. Our innovation includes a beehive bottom for a
standard beehive body with the following features:
· four bottom pedestals (1) supporting the top part that is placed on the standard beehive body, and a smooth and rectangular bottom body that would be (3) compliant with the structure of the beehive body,
· on the bottom body (3) the socket of the pollen trap (18) with at least one pollen trap placed inside to move back and forth (7) freely,
• on the lower part of the pollen trap (7) the
bottom body holes (13) extending along the entire upper surface of the bottom body (3) ,
• on the lower part of the bottom body (3) , placed in the middle part of the long edge of the bottom body (3), at least one bottom side body pedestal (58) for each long edge of the bottom body (3), · on the lower part of the bottom body (3), in the pollen drawer socket (19) at least one pollen and varroa drawer (4) that can be moved back and forth freely,
• a bee guidance separator (6) that is placed in the bottom body (3) front part, • at least one bee takeoff platform (17) that is positioned on the front of bee entry-exit separator ( 6) .
2. The bottom pedestal (1) indicated under Claim one
contains at least one bottom pedestal pad (2) that is placed underneath the bottom pedestal (1). The bottom pedestal pads (2) are preferably manufactured from polymer material of elastomer specifications.
3. The bottom body (3) indicated under Claim one above contains bottom body holes (13) on the bottom body (3) upper surface and at the point where these holes are no longer available on the upper surface of the bottom body (3), the bottom body walls with screw holes (12), are positioned (2) in a manner that would cover three sides of the upper surface of the bottom body (3) .
4. The bottom body holes (13) indicated under Claim One are positioned on the upper surface of the bottom body (3) displaying an inclination from the start to the end of the upper surface of the bottom body (3) and as such they are positioned deeper on the bottom body (3) upper surface where the bee entry-exit separator (6) is located while, they are more elevated on the back side of the upper surface of the bottom body (3) . The bottom body (3) indicated under Claim One above includes within its structure an adjustment apparatus (54) placed on the upper part of the bottom body wall (22) .
6. The adjustment apparatus (54) that is mentioned as part of the features includes adjustment apparatus main screw holes (55) and adjustment apparatus supplementary screw holes (56) that are positioned on different levels in a sequence.
The bottom body holes (13) indicated in Claim One above includes at least one pollen trap route (15) that follows an indentation above the bottom body holes (13) preferably at an inclination that is the same as the bottom body holes (13) .
. The pollen trap indicated in Claim One above
establishes a pollen collection chamber (23) between the pollen trap (7) and bottom body holes (13) when the pollen trap (7) is placed on the bottom body holes (13) .
The pollen chamber (23) indicated in the claims abo has the highest volume on the side of the bee entry exit separator (6), tapering off gradually towards the back side of the beehive.
0. The pollen trap (7) indicated under claim one can be separated and removed from the bottom structure upon conclusion of the pollen season, and as such it can be replaced with a pollen trap stopper (35) .
1. The pollen trap stopper (35) indicated in the claims above has at least one stopper lock (39) on each corner of entry into the pollen trap socket (19) .
2. The pollen and varroa drawer indicated in claim one above has tilted sides, which contain pollen drawer ventilation holes (5) .
3. The pollen and varroa drawer indicated in claim one above contains pollen and varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes (60) that are placed at regular intervals on the bottom surface of the pollen and varroa drawer (4.
4. The pollen trap (7) indicated under claim one above contains pollen trap holes (14) located on the pollen trap (7) towards its back in a manner that would leave the front part joining the bee entry-exit separator (6) free of holes, with each hole in the same size and regularly positioned, in a manner that would let the worker bees through on the upper part but would be too tight for the male bees to pass through .
15. The pollen trap holes indicated in claim one
above (14) is wide enough to let the worker bees through while being too tight to allow for the passage of the male bees.
The bee entry-exit separator (6) indicated in claim one above is placed in the separator sockets
(16) located on the side walls of the bottom body (22) positioned on its open side on the body of the bottom
(3) .
The bee entry-exit separator (6) indicated unde Claim one above contains one separator connection ra (24) located on each sides of the bee entry-exit separator (6) and on the end point of the bee entry- exit separator (6) on the side of the separator connection rails (24) there are bee entry side holes (11) placed preferably three holes on the top and three holes on the bottom.
18. The bee entry-exit separator (6) indicated under Claim one above contains at least one separator latch rail (10) located between the top and bottom bee entry side holes and the separator latch rail (10) contains at least one separator latch (9) that has a smooth rectangular shape and is capable of moving freely back and forth on the separator latch rail (10) .
19. The bee entry-exit separator (6) indicated under Claim one above can be detached from and attached back to its socket (16) whenever desired.
20. The separator latch (10) indicated in claim 17 includes a separator latch handle (25) .
21. The separator latch (10) indicated in claim 17 extends up to the middle body part of the separator (26) .
22. The bee entry-exit separator (6) indicated under Claim one above contains serial bee entry holes (8) on the bottom of the middle body part of the separator (26) while there are separator ventilation holes (21) on the upper part.
23. Our innovation contains a beehive bottom for the body of a standard beehive and as such it includes at least one adjustable pollen trap (57) in another application of the innovation.
The adjustable pollen trap (57) indicated under Claim twelve contains positioning marks (52) at the end, on the side of the pollen trap socket (18) as well as positioning indentations (51) to be at least one on each side of the adjustable pollen trap (57) between the positioning marks (52) and pollen trap holes (14) .
The adjustable pollen trap (57) indicated under Claim twelve has the following feature; When the hive user pulls out the adjustable pollen trap (57) outside the hive, a bee passage channel (53) is formed on the side of the bee entry-exit separator (6) above the bottom body holes (13) with the movement of the adjustable pollen trap (57) .
Our innovation contains a hive ceiling for a standard beehive body with the following features: • The hive ceiling (47) of smooth rectangular
structure contains hive pad placement sockets (49) located preferably on the upper corners in dimensions compliant with the size and shape of the bottom pedestal pads (2) ,
One ceiling rope connection socket (27) forming a corner of the hive ceiling rectangle,
On the upper part of the ceiling body (47), at the middle point of the two side edges diagonal to the ceiling rope connection sockets (27) there is at least one bottom side body pedestal socket (50) compliant with the position and structure of each one of the bottom side body pedestals (58) as placed under the bottom body (3) bottom part, On the upper part of the ceiling body (47) there are two ceiling ventilation valves (37), On one of the ceiling body (47) side surfaces there is one ceiling ventilation shutter (48), On the sides of the ceiling body (47) there are locking latch sockets (43) that assist the connection of the standard beehive body with the ceiling body. 27. Our innovation is a hive bottom for a standard beehive body and within the scope of the other applications of the innovation includes the bottom body (3) located on a hive body, with a bee entry and exit separator located on the front (6) and placed in front of this is a vertical pollen trap (30) that operates on the basis of the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism (33), underneath the trap (30) is at least one pollen drawer (31), as placed under the bottom body (3) and can be removed and re-positioned through the front of the hive, with again at least one varroa drawer (32) that can be removed and repositioned through the back of the hive as placed underneath the bottom body starting from the point the pollen drawer (31) ends and extends to the back of the hive .
The item indicated under Claim 27 is the vertical pollen trap (30) and the vertical pollen trap (28) contains preferably one vertical pollen trap side hole (29) at the tip of the vertical pollen trap (28) wide enough to let through the male bees as well as vertical pollen trap holes (30) located on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) and spaced regularly on the body of the vertical pollen trap (28) in a manner that would let the worker bees through but would be too tight for the male bees to pass through. Also one bee take off platform (17), a smoothly shaped
rectangular pollen trapping platform (59) and pollen passing through holes (42) are included.
The item indicated under Claim 27 is the vertical pollen trap (30) and the vertical pollen trap (28) is placed vertical to the bottom body (3) during the pollen collection season and as such it is ensured that pollen is collected by means of the vertical pollen collection catch (28). Upon conclusion of the pollen season, the vertical pollen trap contained in the structure is folded by using the vertical pollen trap movement mechanism to form an angel of 90 degrees and laid down flat on the body bottom (3) .
30. The Vertical pollen Tray (31) that is indicated under Claim 27 has been designed with tilted sides and on these tilted sides pollen drawer side ventilation holes (38) and pollen drawer bottom ventilation holes (34) are placed while the sides of the pollen drawer
(31) are also designed with a tilt.
31. The item indicated under Claim 27 is the pollen drawer (31) and on the front of the pollen drawer (31) there is a handle (40) provided to help with the removal and positioning of the pollen drawer (31) . There is at least one pollen drawer lock (41) that has been designed to form a small protrusion on the front of the pollen drawer (31) .
32. The Varroa Tray (32) that is indicated under Claim 27 has been designed with tilted sides and on these tilted sides varroa drawer side ventilation holes (45) and varroa drawer bottom ventilation holes (44) are placed while the sides of the pollen drawer (31) are also designed with a tilt.
The pollen drawer (31) indicated under claim 27 above includes a pollen drawer handle (40) provided to help with the removal and positioning of the pollen drawer (31) as well as at least one pollen drawer lock (41) that is designed to form a small protrusion on the front of the pollen drawer (31) .
The part indicated in claim 27 is a varroa drawer (32) and as such the front of the varroa drawer (32) must contain at least one varroa drawer lock (46) .
PCT/TR2011/000154 2010-06-04 2011-06-03 A beehive base and roof for standard beehive body WO2012011881A2 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TR2010/04531 2010-06-04
TR201004531 2010-06-04

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2012011881A2 true WO2012011881A2 (en) 2012-01-26
WO2012011881A9 WO2012011881A9 (en) 2012-05-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/TR2011/000154 WO2012011881A2 (en) 2010-06-04 2011-06-03 A beehive base and roof for standard beehive body

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AR (1) AR087141A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2012011881A2 (en)

Cited By (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103270977A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-04 吴晓彬 Bee pollen trap
CN108901936A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-30 余运成 A kind of structure for preventing from stealing bee device
US10856531B2 (en) * 2017-03-30 2020-12-08 Clifford Struhl Bee hive bottom board system with an 8-frame adapter and robbing screen
EP4000390A1 (en) * 2020-11-23 2022-05-25 BeeOdiversity Beehive with pollen trap
WO2022146401A3 (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-08-04 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A multipurpose separator used to provide bee entrance to and exit from a beehive and colony management
WO2022220768A1 (en) * 2021-04-14 2022-10-20 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A base structure for beehives
WO2022245314A1 (en) * 2021-05-19 2022-11-24 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A pollen tray that can be used together with a drawer
US11540494B2 (en) * 2019-09-24 2023-01-03 Highview Holdings LLC. Beehive excluder including stacked rows of openings and cantilevered extension clips

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TR200704778U (en) 2007-07-09 2007-08-21 Karakuş Kemal Single-layer and insulated beehive

Patent Citations (1)

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TR200704778U (en) 2007-07-09 2007-08-21 Karakuş Kemal Single-layer and insulated beehive

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103270977A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-04 吴晓彬 Bee pollen trap
US10856531B2 (en) * 2017-03-30 2020-12-08 Clifford Struhl Bee hive bottom board system with an 8-frame adapter and robbing screen
CN108901936A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-30 余运成 A kind of structure for preventing from stealing bee device
US11540494B2 (en) * 2019-09-24 2023-01-03 Highview Holdings LLC. Beehive excluder including stacked rows of openings and cantilevered extension clips
EP4000390A1 (en) * 2020-11-23 2022-05-25 BeeOdiversity Beehive with pollen trap
WO2022106670A1 (en) 2020-11-23 2022-05-27 Beeodiversity Beehive with pollen trap
WO2022146401A3 (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-08-04 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A multipurpose separator used to provide bee entrance to and exit from a beehive and colony management
WO2022220768A1 (en) * 2021-04-14 2022-10-20 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A base structure for beehives
WO2022245314A1 (en) * 2021-05-19 2022-11-24 Yildirim Plasti̇k Maki̇ne Ve Kalip İmalat İnşaat Turi̇zm Sanayi̇ Ve Ti̇caret Li̇mi̇ted Şi̇rketi̇ A pollen tray that can be used together with a drawer

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AR087141A1 (en) 2014-02-26

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