WO2008003231A1 - Automatic water saving system for domestic building - Google Patents

Automatic water saving system for domestic building Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2008003231A1
WO2008003231A1 PCT/CN2007/001989 CN2007001989W WO2008003231A1 WO 2008003231 A1 WO2008003231 A1 WO 2008003231A1 CN 2007001989 W CN2007001989 W CN 2007001989W WO 2008003231 A1 WO2008003231 A1 WO 2008003231A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
filter
water tank
drain
automatic
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2007/001989
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Ligong Li
Original Assignee
Ligong Li
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from CN 200620124250 external-priority patent/CN2908587Y/en
Priority claimed from CN 200720149166 external-priority patent/CN201040207Y/en
Application filed by Ligong Li filed Critical Ligong Li
Priority to AU2007271653A priority Critical patent/AU2007271653A1/en
Publication of WO2008003231A1 publication Critical patent/WO2008003231A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines not specific to a single type of machines covered by groups D06F9/00 - D06F27/00 
    • D06F39/08Liquid supply or discharge arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F33/00Control of operations performed in washing machines or washer-dryers 
    • D06F33/30Control of washing machines characterised by the purpose or target of the control 
    • D06F33/47Responding to irregular working conditions, e.g. malfunctioning of pumps 
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • E03B2001/045Greywater supply systems using household water

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the field of wastewater recycling and reuse, and particularly relates to a residential household automatic water saving system.
  • the patent discloses a water-saving device provided on the washing machine bracket.
  • the principle is to use the washing machine circuit and the automatic water-saving device circuit to connect, control the photoelectric recognizer to identify the waste water, and carry out the first and second rinse water of the washing machine. Recycling automatic water saving device for flushing toilet.
  • the water-saving device of this structure has certain progress, but there are certain defects - 1) The device only recovers the rinsing water in the washing machine, and does not consider better utilization of other domestic wastewater, such as washing vegetables, taking a bath. 2) The maintenance-free filter in the device has incomplete backwashing, requires periodic removal of the filter element, and manual cleaning of the filter defect; 3) The water tank of the device is not designed with a sterilizing device, and there is no intake and exhaust ventilator.
  • the device is connected to the inlet valve of the ordinary toilet water tank, and there is no automatic design of the tap water.
  • the water in the toilet tank is inconvenient for the user. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a residential household automatic water saving system that simultaneously achieves four technical indicators of local, automatic, sterile and economical, which is also the object of the present invention.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a residential home automatic water saving system that simultaneously achieves four technical indicators of local, automatic, sterile and economical, which can uniformly recycle all household wastewater. It has the advantages of backwashing, automatic cleaning of the filter and prolonging the life cycle of the filter.
  • the water tank has a sterilization function, eliminating the safety hazard of reuse of water, and also having a water-free toilet.
  • the technical solution of the present invention is: a residential home automatic water saving system, comprising a water-saving host, a sterile water tank and a two-way automatic water supply tank, which are arranged at the bottom of the washing machine and integrated with the washing machine, and water saving
  • the main engine mainly includes a waste water filter, a drain valve, a check valve and a water pump provided with an automatic brush cleaning device on the inner wall of the filter.
  • the washing machine drain pipe is connected to the water filter inlet of the waste water filter, and one end of the drain valve is connected to the sewage filter sewage port, and the other end is connected.
  • One end of the check valve is connected to the water outlet of the waste water filter, and the other end is connected to the water inlet of the water pump.
  • the water outlet of the pump is connected to the sterile water tank through the upper water pipe.
  • the water pipe of the sterile water tank is connected to the inlet valve of the double automatic water supply tank, the washing machine program control circuit Control the water filter, drain valve and pump action of the water-saving main unit.
  • the waste water filter in the water-saving main unit includes a filter element and a casing, and the flow filter has a flow current including a through hole.
  • the inner wall of the filter cartridge is provided with an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter net, which comprises an electric motor, a clutch, a brush bar, a bristles and a yoke.
  • the two ends of the filter core are provided with a yoke having a central hole, and the brush rod is provided.
  • a brush and an electric motor are sequentially disposed at one end of the brush rod near the water inlet, and the clutch and the electric motor are respectively disposed inside and outside the housing, on the outer wall of the brush rod
  • a sealing ring is disposed at a portion of the outer wall of the end surface of the filter element that is in contact with the equalizing tube
  • a casing of the waste water filter adjacent to the sewage port is provided with a threaded connection thereof
  • the end surface of the filter element is provided with a handle on the inner side of the end cover, and an rubber is disposed between the handle and the end cover, and the rubber is fixedly connected to the inner surface of the end cover.
  • the upper end of the side wall of the sterile water tank is provided with a water tank upper nozzle, an intake and exhaust respirator port, and a full water contact point, and the sterilization water tank side wall further has a sterilization box and a cleaning port.
  • the bottom of the water tank is provided with a water receiving area, and the lowest part of the water collecting area is provided with a water tank drain, a floating water tank is arranged inside the sterile water tank, and a water level gauge connected with the floating ball is arranged outside the sterile water tank.
  • the water-saving main unit at the bottom of the washing machine is provided with two waste water filters, the washing machine drain pipe, the washing dish drain pipe and other drain pipes are connected to the two waste water filters.
  • Inlet one end of the drain valve is connected to the two waste water filter sewage ports through the three-way, and the other end of the drain valve is connected to the ground drain.
  • One end of the check valve is connected to the two waste water filter outlets through the three-way, and the other end of the check valve Connect the water pump inlet.
  • the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention simultaneously achieves the design purpose of the in-situ, 'automatic, aseptic and economical four technical indicators, and can uniformly recycle all the household wastewater, and has the backwash thoroughly and automatic cleaning.
  • the filter net has the advantages of extending the life cycle of the filter element.
  • the water tank has a fully enclosed sterilization function, eliminating the safety hazard existing in the reuse of the water, and also has the advantages of automatically supplying water to the toilet water tank when the water is no longer used.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a residential home automatic water saving system of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the residential home automatic water saving system A-A of the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a partial enlarged view of the residential home automatic water saving system I of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a waste water filter in the water saving host of the present invention.
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the installation structure of the equalizing cylinder and the guiding cylinder in the waste water filter in the water saving main body of the present invention.
  • 1 reuse water inlet valve 2 is automatic inlet valve, 3 double automatic water supply toilet tank, 4 reuse faucet, 5 sterile water tank down pipe, 6 catchment area, 7 sterilization box, 8 cleaning Mouth, 9 full water contacts, 10 sterile water tanks, 11 inlet exhaust breathing ports, 12 sterile water tank upper pipes, 13 floats, 14 water level gauges, 15 washing machines, 16 full water contact circuits, 17 washing machine drains, 18 other Drainage pipe, 19 waste water filter, 20 drain wide, 21 check valve, 22 water pump, 23 wash bowl drain, 24 wash bowl, 25 washing oily organic sink, 26 washing oily organic washing Basin drain pipe, 27 floor drain, 28 sterile water tank upper nozzle, 29 sterile water tank drain, 101 shell, 102 port, 103 water inlet, 104 flow tube, 105 filter, 107 sewage port, 110 water outlet,
  • the "two-way automatic water supply toilet water tank" described in the present invention is a prior art, and the announcement number applied by the applicant is
  • the residential home automatic water saving system shown in Fig. 1 includes The water-saving main unit, the sterile water tank 10, and the two-way automatic water supply tank water tank 3 which are disposed at the bottom of the washing machine 15 and integrated with the washing machine 15 are integrated.
  • the water-saving main body mainly includes a waste water filter 19, a drain valve 20, a check valve 21, and a water pump 22.
  • the waste water filter 19 is internally provided with an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter.
  • two waste water filters 19 are provided on the side of the bottom of the washing machine 15, and the washing machine drain pipe 17, the washing dish drain pipe 23 and other drain pipes 18 are connected to the two waste water filters 19
  • the nozzle 103 shown in FIG. 4
  • the drain valve 20-end is connected to the two sewage filters 19 through the three-way port 19 (as shown in FIG. 4)
  • the other end of the drain valve 20 is connected to the floor drain 27, and the check valve
  • the 21st end is connected to the two water outlets 110 of the two waste water filters 19 through the tee (as shown in FIG. 4), and the other end of the check valve 21 is connected to the water inlet of the water pump 22.
  • the water outlet of the water pump 22 is connected to the water pipe 12 on the sterile water tank, and the water pipe 5 of the sterile water tank is connected to the water inlet valve of the double automatic water supply tank.
  • the sterile water tank down pipe 5 is connected to the reuse water inlet valve 1 of the two-way automatic water supply tank water tank 3.
  • a reuse faucet 4 is disposed between the sterile water tank lower water pipe 5 and the toilet water tank inlet valve.
  • the washing machine 15 program control circuit controls the waste water filter 19, the drain valve 20, and the water pump 22 of the water saving main unit to operate.
  • the upper end of the side wall of the sterile water tank 10 is provided with a sterile water tank water inlet 28, an intake and exhaust breathing port 11, and a full water joint 9,
  • the sterilization box 7, the cleaning port 8, the full water contact 9 is connected to the water pump 22 through the full water contact circuit 16, and the relay is de-energized.
  • the pair of normally closed contacts of the relay are connected to the drain valve 20, and the side wall of the sterile water tank 10 is further provided.
  • a sterilization box 7 There is a sterilization box 7, a cleaning port 8, a water receiving area 6 is arranged at the bottom of the sterile water tank 10, a water tank water outlet 29 is provided at the lowest point of the water receiving area 6, and a floating ball 13 is provided inside the sterile water tank 10, a sterile water tank The water level gauge 14 connected to the float ball 13 is provided outside.
  • the waste water washing in the water-saving main body of the present invention is shown in FIG.
  • the filter 19 the water inlet 103 of the waste water washing filter is connected to the draining port for washing vegetables, bathing and washing, the water outlet 110 of the waste water washing filter is connected to the water pump 22 through the check valve 21, and the sewage port 107 of the waste water washing filter is drained.
  • the valve 20 is connected to a household drain pipe.
  • the waste water washing filter 19 includes a casing 101 and a filter element 105.
  • the outer wall of the casing 101 is provided with an outwardly protruding water inlet 103, a water outlet 110, a sewage port 107 and an exhaust port 126.
  • the water outlet 110 is connected to a check valve 21, and the sewage port 107 is connected to the drain valve 20.
  • the exhaust port 126 is provided with a one-way valve 127 for one-way exhaust and reverse closing functions.
  • a uniform flow tube 104 is added to the outside of the filter element 105. As shown in FIG. 5, the flow tube 104 is a sleeve having a slope as a whole, and the flow tube 104 is placed close to the motor 114.
  • the gradient of the flow tube 104 is a slope that is small and large.
  • a through hole 119 is formed in the wall of the flow equalizer 104.
  • the flow tube 104 is provided with a flow equalization plate 128 near the wall of the water outlet 110, and the corresponding through hole 119 is disposed at It is distributed on the wall of the flow equalization cylinder 104 outside the region of the flow equalization plate 128 and along the axis of the flow equalization cylinder 104.
  • the filter element 105 has a hollow cylindrical shape as a whole, and has a filter mesh on the outer wall and a port 102 on both end faces.
  • the filter mesh is a metal filter mesh.
  • the water inlet 103 and the sewage port 107 of the casing 101 are respectively communicated with the opening 102 of the end surface of the filter element 105.
  • the water outlet 110 of the casing 101 communicates with the filter screen of the filter element 105 and the through hole 119 of the flow tube 104.
  • an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter is provided at the center of the filter element 105.
  • a sealing ring 111 is provided at a portion where the outer wall of the end surface of the filter element 105 is in contact with the equalizing tube 104.
  • the filter inner wall automatic brushing device includes an electric motor 114, a clutch 112, a brush bar 116, bristles 117, and a yoke 115.
  • a shank 115 is sleeved in the port 102 of the two ends of the filter element 105.
  • the center of the shank 115 is provided with a central hole for accommodating the brush bar 116, and a fan-shaped through hole is arranged around the center hole for convenient water circulation. 125, the optimal number of the fan-shaped through holes 125 is three.
  • the brush rod 116 is disposed at the center of the filter element 105 and passes through a central hole of the creel 115.
  • a sliding gap is disposed between the brush rod 116 and the yoke 115.
  • the brush rod 116 is disposed adjacent to the water inlet 103-end with a clutch 112 and an electric motor 114 connected in sequence, and a clutch 112 and an electric motor 114 are respectively disposed on the housing 1 Internal and external.
  • the outer wall of the brush bar 116 is provided with bristles 117 which are in contact with the inner wall of the filter.
  • a shaft seal 113 is provided on the shaft connecting the electric motor 114 and the clutch 112.
  • the end of the casing 101 adjacent to the sewage port 107 is provided with an end cover 121 which is screwed thereto; the end surface of the filter element 105 is provided with a handle 123, a handle 123 and a filter element 105 on the inner side of the end cover 121. Connected as one.
  • a rubber 122 is disposed between the handle 123 and the end cover 121, and the rubber 122 is fixedly coupled to the inner surface of the end cover 121.
  • the eraser 122 is a soft eraser.
  • the bristles 117 are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the brush bar 116, and adjacent bristles 117 are spaced apart.
  • the flow tube 104 and the guide tube 124 are arranged as shown in FIG. 5, and the guide tube 124 is disposed near the end of the sewage port 107, and the outer wall of the guide tube 124 is provided correspondingly.
  • the through hole 118 of the sewage port 107 has a sloped inner wall of the guide cylinder 124, and the inclined surface is connected to the equalization cylinder 104 provided with the slope.
  • the end cap 121 is provided with a sealing pad 120 at a portion in contact with the end of the housing 101.
  • the filter element After the filter element is replaced, after the filter element is used for a long time, the filter is cracked and the bristles 117 are worn.
  • the end cover 121 of the casing 101 is manually rotated, the filter element is taken out by the handle 123, the new filter element is inserted, and the #t fastening end is manually rotated. Cover 121, complete the replacement of the waste water filter element.
  • the waste water washing filter in the water-saving host of the invention has reasonable design, good sealing effect and convenient use, not only has a filtering function, but also has a backwashing and discharging function of the automatic cleaning filter, thereby prolonging the service life of the filter.
  • the work process of replacing the filter is simplified, and the advantage of replacing the filter element is also facilitated. Therefore, the waste water washing filter of the present invention can be widely applied to households, laundry, restaurants and other water saving devices.
  • Sewage discharge from domestic wastewater refers to water that is artificially or automatically identified, unfiltered, including washing water containing detergent, rinsing water generated during laundry, and the like.
  • the household wastewater enters the water inlet 103 of the waste water washing filter through the drainage pipe, flows through the port 102 of the filter element 105, is filtered through the filter net, is manually or automatically recognized, and is judged to be water, and the washing work control circuit in the washing machine program control circuit is started.
  • the water pump 22 is closed, the check valve 21 is closed, the drain valve 20 is opened, the motor 114 is activated, the clutch 112 is driven to operate the brush rod 116, and the brush rod 116 is rotated to simultaneously rotate the brush 117 to clean the filter inner wall of the filter element 105.
  • the upper debris is discharged into the floor drain 27 by the sewage port 107 as the sewage is discharged.
  • the water available in the household refers to water that can be reused after being filtered, including water produced by washing vegetables, first and second rinse water generated during washing, and the like.
  • the household wastewater enters the water inlet 3 of the waste water washing filter through the pipeline, flows through the port 2 of the filter core 5, enters into the filter core 5, and is judged to be water usable by human or automatic identification, and the rinsing work control in the program control circuit of the washing machine at this time
  • the water pump 22 is opened, the check valve 21 is opened, the drain valve 20 is closed, the motor 114 is not activated, and the brush rod 116 that the clutch 112 is attached is not working, and the water can be filtered by the filter and passed through the equalizing tube 104.
  • the hole 19 flows uniformly to the water outlet 110, and the large foreign matter remains on the inner wall of the filter, and is washed when the sewage is discharged.
  • the available water in the household is filtered through the waste water filter 19, and then enters the water pump 22 through the check valve 21; the water pump 22 passes the filtered reuse water through the sterile water tank upper water pipe 12 to the sterile water tank 10 to store water.
  • the full water contact 9 acts, the water pump 22 working relay is de-energized, the pair of normally closed contacts of the relay is connected to the drain valve 20, the washing machine 15 only drains, does not store water, and the washing machine rinses the wastewater. carry out.
  • the water of the washing basin 24 enters the washing dish drain pipe 23, is filtered by the waste water filter 19, and then enters the check valve 21, 'the water contact point is operated, the contact point is connected to the circuit, and the water level reaches the set height, and the contact point activates the water pump 22,
  • the filtered vegetable washing water enters the water pump 22, and the water pump 22 stores the filtered reuse water through the sterile water tank upper water pipe 12 to store the sterile water tank 10.
  • the water level in the check valve 21 drops to the original position, the lower contact opens the circuit, and the water pump 22 stops working.
  • the recovered water passes through the sterile water tank drain pipe 5 after sterilization of the sterilization box 7 on the sterile water tank 10, and flows into the double-channel automatic water supply toilet tank 3 for flushing the toilet.
  • the reuse faucet 4 disposed between the sterile water tank lower water pipe 5 and the two-way automatic water supply toilet water tank 3.
  • the present invention realizes the on-site, automatic, aseptic and economical utilization of household wastewater, and is the preferred solution for the domestic house water-saving system.

Abstract

An automatic water saving system for domestic building is disclosed. The system includes a main device provided in the bottom of a washing machine and integrated with the latter, a sterile water tank and a two-way automatic toilet water tank. The main device comprises a waste water filter provided with a apparatus for automatically cleaning the filter screen, a drain valve, a check valve and a pump. The drain pipe of the washing machine is connected with the inlet of the filter. One end of the drain valve is connected with the sewage outlet of the filter, and the other end is connected with the floor outlet. One end of the check valve is connected with the water outlet of the filter, and the other end is connected with the inlet of the pump. The outlet of the pump is connected with the sterile water tank via a water inflow pipe, while the water outflow pipe of the sterile water tank is connected with the inlet valve of the toilet water tank. The program controlled circuit controls the filter, the drain valve and the pump. The system can reuse the domestic waste water locally, automatically, aseptically and economically in one family.

Description

住宅家庭自动节水系统  Residential home automatic water saving system
技术领域 Technical field
本发明属废水回收再利用领域, 特别涉及一种住宅家庭自动节水系统。  The invention belongs to the field of wastewater recycling and reuse, and particularly relates to a residential household automatic water saving system.
背景技术 Background technique
目前, 住宅家庭废水处理多数说使用手工将洗衣水及洗澡水收集起来, 需用废水时再人 工取水冲洗马桶, 因此费时费力。 虽然, 目前关于废水回收再利用领域有很多专利, 但是 由于住宅家庭自动节水系统设计需要达到就地、 自动、 无菌、 经济的四项技术指标, 所以 目前无论是专利产品、 还是市场上现有产品均无达到四项技术指标的产品。  At present, most of the residential household wastewater treatment uses manual washing of washing water and bath water. When the wastewater is used, the water is flushed by the artificial water, which is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Although there are many patents in the field of wastewater recycling and reuse, the design of the automatic water-saving system for residential homes needs to meet the four technical indicators of in situ, automatic, aseptic and economic, so it is currently a patented product or a market. There are products that do not meet the four technical indicators.
例如: 中国专利公告号为 "CN2530986Y"、 名称为 "洗衣机自动节水装置"的实用新 书  For example: Chinese patent publication number is "CN2530986Y", the new name is "washing machine automatic water saving device" practical new book
型专利, 公幵了一种在洗衣机支架上设置的节水装置, 其原理是利用洗衣机电路和自动节 水装置电路连接, 控制光电识别器识别废水, 将洗衣机第一、 二次的漂洗水进行回收利用 冲洗便器的自动节水装置。 此种结构的节水装置具有一定的进步性, 但是也存在一定的缺 陷- 1 ) 该装置只将洗衣机中的漂洗水回收起来, 没有考虑更好的利用到其它家庭废水, 如洗菜、 洗澡水等; 2 )该装置中的免维护过滤器存在反冲洗不彻底, 需要周期性取出滤 芯, 手动清洗过滤网的缺陷; 3 ) 该装置中水箱没有设计杀菌装置, 没有进排气呼吸器的 全封闭杀菌技术, 存在安全隐患; 4) 该装置连接普通便器水箱的进水阀, 没有自来水自 动备用设计, 当再利用水无水时便器水箱断水给使用者带来了不便。 因此需要研制出一种 同时达到就地、 自动、 无菌、 经济的四项技术指标的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 这也是本发 明的宗旨所在。 The patent discloses a water-saving device provided on the washing machine bracket. The principle is to use the washing machine circuit and the automatic water-saving device circuit to connect, control the photoelectric recognizer to identify the waste water, and carry out the first and second rinse water of the washing machine. Recycling automatic water saving device for flushing toilet. The water-saving device of this structure has certain progress, but there are certain defects - 1) The device only recovers the rinsing water in the washing machine, and does not consider better utilization of other domestic wastewater, such as washing vegetables, taking a bath. 2) The maintenance-free filter in the device has incomplete backwashing, requires periodic removal of the filter element, and manual cleaning of the filter defect; 3) The water tank of the device is not designed with a sterilizing device, and there is no intake and exhaust ventilator. Fully enclosed sterilization technology, there are safety hazards; 4) The device is connected to the inlet valve of the ordinary toilet water tank, and there is no automatic design of the tap water. When the water is reused, the water in the toilet tank is inconvenient for the user. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a residential household automatic water saving system that simultaneously achieves four technical indicators of local, automatic, sterile and economical, which is also the object of the present invention.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是针对上述现有技术的缺陷, 提供了一种同时达到就地、 自动、无菌、 经济的四项技术指标的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 它能够将家庭所有废水统一进行回收处理 再利 , 具有反冲洗彻底、 自动清洗过滤网并延长滤芯的使用周期的优点, 水箱具有杀菌 功能、 免除了再利用水使用上存在的安全隐患, 另外还具有再利用水无水时、 便器水箱自 来水自动供水的优点。  The object of the present invention is to provide a residential home automatic water saving system that simultaneously achieves four technical indicators of local, automatic, sterile and economical, which can uniformly recycle all household wastewater. It has the advantages of backwashing, automatic cleaning of the filter and prolonging the life cycle of the filter. The water tank has a sterilization function, eliminating the safety hazard of reuse of water, and also having a water-free toilet. The advantages of automatic water supply for water tank tap water.
为了实现上述目的本发明釆取的技术方案是: 一种住宅家庭自动节水系统, 包括设置 于洗衣机底部并与洗衣机构成一体的节水主机、 无菌水箱和双路自动供水便器水箱, 节水 主机主要包括设有过滤网内壁自动刷洗装置的废水过滤器、排水阀、止回阀及水泵,洗衣 机排水管接入废水过滤器进水口, 排水阀一端接入废水过滤器污水口、 另一端连接地漏, 止回阀一端接入废水过滤器出水口、 另一端连接水泵进水口, 水泵出水口通过上水管连接 无菌水箱, 无菌水箱下水管连接双路自动供水便器水箱的进水阀, 洗衣机程控电路控制节 水主机的废水过滤器、 排水阀及水泵动作。 In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is: a residential home automatic water saving system, comprising a water-saving host, a sterile water tank and a two-way automatic water supply tank, which are arranged at the bottom of the washing machine and integrated with the washing machine, and water saving The main engine mainly includes a waste water filter, a drain valve, a check valve and a water pump provided with an automatic brush cleaning device on the inner wall of the filter. The washing machine drain pipe is connected to the water filter inlet of the waste water filter, and one end of the drain valve is connected to the sewage filter sewage port, and the other end is connected. Floor drain, One end of the check valve is connected to the water outlet of the waste water filter, and the other end is connected to the water inlet of the water pump. The water outlet of the pump is connected to the sterile water tank through the upper water pipe. The water pipe of the sterile water tank is connected to the inlet valve of the double automatic water supply tank, the washing machine program control circuit Control the water filter, drain valve and pump action of the water-saving main unit.
为了使废水过滤器具有反冲洗彻底、 自动清洗过滤网并延长滤芯的使用周期的优点, 所述节水主机中的废水过滤器包括滤芯及壳体, 其滤芯外部增设有含有通孔的均流筒, 滤芯内部中心处设有所述过滹网内壁自动刷洗装置、 其包括电动机、 离合器、 刷杆、 刷 毛及轴架, 所述滤芯两端面处设有含有中心孔的轴架, 刷杆设于所述滤芯中心、 并穿过 轴架中心孔, 刷杆靠近所述进水口一端设有顺序相连的离合器及电动机, 离合器、 电动 机分别设于所述壳体的内部及外部, 刷杆外壁上设有与过滤网内壁相接触的刷毛; 所述 滤芯的端面外壁与均流筒相接触的部位设有密封圈; 所述废水过滤器的壳体靠近污水口的 端部设有与其螺纹连接的端盖; 所述滤芯端面靠端盖内侧设有手柄, 手柄与端盖之间设 有橡皮, 橡皮固定连接在端盖的内表面上。  In order to make the waste water filter have the advantages of thorough backwashing, automatic cleaning of the filter net and prolonging the life cycle of the filter element, the waste water filter in the water-saving main unit includes a filter element and a casing, and the flow filter has a flow current including a through hole. The inner wall of the filter cartridge is provided with an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter net, which comprises an electric motor, a clutch, a brush bar, a bristles and a yoke. The two ends of the filter core are provided with a yoke having a central hole, and the brush rod is provided. At the center of the filter element and passing through the central hole of the yoke, a brush and an electric motor are sequentially disposed at one end of the brush rod near the water inlet, and the clutch and the electric motor are respectively disposed inside and outside the housing, on the outer wall of the brush rod Providing a bristles in contact with the inner wall of the filter; a sealing ring is disposed at a portion of the outer wall of the end surface of the filter element that is in contact with the equalizing tube; and a casing of the waste water filter adjacent to the sewage port is provided with a threaded connection thereof The end surface of the filter element is provided with a handle on the inner side of the end cover, and an rubber is disposed between the handle and the end cover, and the rubber is fixedly connected to the inner surface of the end cover.
为了使水箱具有全封闭杀菌功能, 所述无菌水箱侧壁上端设有水箱上水口、 进排气呼 吸器口、 满水接点, 所述无菌水箱侧壁上还设有杀菌盒、 清洗口, 所述水箱底部设有汇水 区, 汇水区最低处设有水箱下水口, 无菌水箱内部设有浮球, 无菌水箱外部设有与浮球连 接的水位计。  In order to make the water tank have a fully enclosed sterilization function, the upper end of the side wall of the sterile water tank is provided with a water tank upper nozzle, an intake and exhaust respirator port, and a full water contact point, and the sterilization water tank side wall further has a sterilization box and a cleaning port. The bottom of the water tank is provided with a water receiving area, and the lowest part of the water collecting area is provided with a water tank drain, a floating water tank is arranged inside the sterile water tank, and a water level gauge connected with the floating ball is arranged outside the sterile water tank.
为了使住宅家庭所有废水统一进行回收处理再利用, 所述洗衣机底部的节水主机设有 两个废水过滤器, 洗衣机排水管、 清洗菜盆排水管及其它排水管接入到两个废水过滤器进 水口, 排水阀一端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器污水口、 排水阀另一端连接地漏, 止回 阀一端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器出水口、 止回阀另一端连接水泵进水口。  In order to uniformly recycle all the wastewater in the residential household, the water-saving main unit at the bottom of the washing machine is provided with two waste water filters, the washing machine drain pipe, the washing dish drain pipe and other drain pipes are connected to the two waste water filters. Inlet, one end of the drain valve is connected to the two waste water filter sewage ports through the three-way, and the other end of the drain valve is connected to the ground drain. One end of the check valve is connected to the two waste water filter outlets through the three-way, and the other end of the check valve Connect the water pump inlet.
本发明的有益效果是: 本发明同时达到就地、 '自动、 无菌、 经济的四项技术指标的设 计目的, 它能够将家庭所有废水统一进行回收处理再利用, 具有反冲洗彻底、 自动清洗过 滤网并延长滤芯的使用周期的优点, 水箱具有全封闭杀菌功能、 免除了再利用水使用上存 在的安全隐患, 另外还具有再利用水无水时、 便器水箱自来水自动供水的优点。  The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention simultaneously achieves the design purpose of the in-situ, 'automatic, aseptic and economical four technical indicators, and can uniformly recycle all the household wastewater, and has the backwash thoroughly and automatic cleaning. The filter net has the advantages of extending the life cycle of the filter element. The water tank has a fully enclosed sterilization function, eliminating the safety hazard existing in the reuse of the water, and also has the advantages of automatically supplying water to the toilet water tank when the water is no longer used.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明住宅家庭自动节水系统的整体结构示意图;  1 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a residential home automatic water saving system of the present invention;
图 2是本发明住宅家庭自动节水系统 A- A剖视图;  Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the residential home automatic water saving system A-A of the present invention;
图 3是本发明住宅家庭自动节水系统 I的局部放大图;  Figure 3 is a partial enlarged view of the residential home automatic water saving system I of the present invention;
图 4是本发明所述节水主机中的废水过滤器整体结构示意图;  4 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a waste water filter in the water saving host of the present invention;
图 5是本发明所述节水主机中的废水过滤器中的均流筒及导向筒安装结构示意图。 图中, 1再利用水进水阀、 2自来是进水阀、 3双路自动供水便器水箱、 4再利用水龙 头、 5无菌水箱下水管、 6汇水区、 7杀菌盒、 8清洗口、 9满水接点、 10无菌水箱、 11进 排气呼吸口、 12无菌水箱上水管、 13浮球、 14水位计、 15洗衣机、 16满水接点电路、 17 洗衣机排水管、 18其它排水管、 19废水过滤器、 20排水阔、 21止回阀、 22水泵、 23清 洗菜盆排水管、 24清洗菜盆、 25洗涤油质有机物的洗菜盆、 26洗涤油质有机物的洗菜盆 的下水管、 27地漏、 28无菌水箱上水口、 29无菌水箱下水口、 101壳体、 102通口、 103 进水口、 104均流筒、 105滤芯、 107污水口、 110出水口、 111密封圈、 112离合器、 113 轴封、 114电动机、 115轴架、 116刷杆、 117刷毛、 118贯通孔、 119通孔、 120密封垫、 121端盖、 122橡皮、 123手柄、 124导向筒、 125扇形通孔、 126排气口、 127单向阀、 128 均流板。 Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing the installation structure of the equalizing cylinder and the guiding cylinder in the waste water filter in the water saving main body of the present invention. In the figure, 1 reuse water inlet valve, 2 is automatic inlet valve, 3 double automatic water supply toilet tank, 4 reuse faucet, 5 sterile water tank down pipe, 6 catchment area, 7 sterilization box, 8 cleaning Mouth, 9 full water contacts, 10 sterile water tanks, 11 inlet exhaust breathing ports, 12 sterile water tank upper pipes, 13 floats, 14 water level gauges, 15 washing machines, 16 full water contact circuits, 17 washing machine drains, 18 other Drainage pipe, 19 waste water filter, 20 drain wide, 21 check valve, 22 water pump, 23 wash bowl drain, 24 wash bowl, 25 washing oily organic sink, 26 washing oily organic washing Basin drain pipe, 27 floor drain, 28 sterile water tank upper nozzle, 29 sterile water tank drain, 101 shell, 102 port, 103 water inlet, 104 flow tube, 105 filter, 107 sewage port, 110 water outlet, 111 seal, 112 clutch, 113 shaft seal, 114 motor, 115 pedestal, 116 brush bar, 117 bristles, 118 through hole, 119 through hole, 120 seal, 121 end cover, 122 eraser, 123 handle, 124 guide tube , 125 fan-shaped through holes, 126 exhaust ports, 127 check valves 128 are baffles.
具体实施方式 detailed description
下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明, 但不作为对本发明的限定。  The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments, but not to be construed as limiting.
本发明中所述的 "双路自动供水便器水箱"为现有技术, 是本申请人申请的公告号为 The "two-way automatic water supply toilet water tank" described in the present invention is a prior art, and the announcement number applied by the applicant is
"CN2900645Y"的实用新型专利, 其中设有再利用水进水阀和自来水进水阀两个进水阀, 再利用永进水阀通过压力软管连接自来水进水阀浮子下方的自动限位装置。 达到了优先利 用再利用水冲洗便器, 再利用水无水时自来水自动进水冲洗便器的目的。 "CN2900645Y" utility model patent, which is provided with two inlet valves for reusing the water inlet valve and the tap water inlet valve, and then using the permanent inlet valve to connect the automatic limit device under the tap of the tap water inlet valve through the pressure hose . The purpose is to reuse the water to flush the toilet, and then use the tap water to automatically flush the toilet when the water is not water.
为了使本发明同时达到就地、 自动、 无菌、 经济的四项技术指标的设计目的、 并且使 家庭所有废水统一进行回收处理再利用, 如图 1所示的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 包括设置 于洗衣机 15底部并与洗衣机 15构成一体的节水主机、 无菌水箱 10和双路自动供水便器 水箱 3。 节水主机主要包括废水过滤器 19、 排水阀 20、 止回阀 21及水泵 22, 为了使废水 过滤器 19反冲洗彻底,所述废水过滤器 19内部设有过滤网内壁自动刷洗装置。为了充分 利用住宅家庭的废水, 所述洗衣机 15底部的侧面设有两个废水过滤器 19, 洗衣机排水管 17、清洗菜盆排水管 23及其它排水管 18接入到两个废水过滤器 19进水口 103 (如图 4所 示), 排水阀 20—端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器 19污水口 107 (如图 4所示)、 排水 阀 20另一端连接地漏 27,止回阀 21—端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器 19出水口 110 (如 图 4所示)、止回阀 21另一端连接水泵 22进水口。水泵 22出水口连接无菌水箱上水管 12, 无菌水箱下水管 5连接双路自动供水便器水箱的进水阀。 所述无菌水箱下水管 5连接双路 自动供水便器水箱 3的再利用水进水阀 1。 所述无菌水箱下水管 5与便器水箱进水阀之间 设有再利用水龙头 4。 洗衣机 15程控电路控制节水主机的废水过滤器 19、 排水阀 20及水 泵 22动作。 为了使本发明的无菌水箱达到无菌、 使用及清洗方便的设计目的, 所述无菌水箱 10 侧壁上端设有无菌水箱上水口 28、 进排气呼吸口 11、 满水接点 9、 杀菌盒 7、 清洗口 8, 满水接点 9通过满水接点电路 16连接水泵 22工作、 继电器断电, 继电器的一对常闭接点 接通排水阀 20, 所述无菌水箱 10侧壁还设有杀菌盒 7、 清洗口 8, 所述无菌水箱 10底部 设有汇水区 6, 汇水区 6最低处设有水箱下水口 29, 无菌水箱 10内部设有浮球 13, 无菌 水箱 10外部设有与浮球 13连接的水位计 14。 In order to make the invention achieve the design goals of four technical indicators of in situ, automatic, aseptic and economic, and to recycle and reuse all household wastewater, the residential home automatic water saving system shown in Fig. 1 includes The water-saving main unit, the sterile water tank 10, and the two-way automatic water supply tank water tank 3 which are disposed at the bottom of the washing machine 15 and integrated with the washing machine 15 are integrated. The water-saving main body mainly includes a waste water filter 19, a drain valve 20, a check valve 21, and a water pump 22. In order to thoroughly backwash the waste water filter 19, the waste water filter 19 is internally provided with an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter. In order to make full use of the wastewater of the residential household, two waste water filters 19 are provided on the side of the bottom of the washing machine 15, and the washing machine drain pipe 17, the washing dish drain pipe 23 and other drain pipes 18 are connected to the two waste water filters 19 The nozzle 103 (shown in FIG. 4), the drain valve 20-end is connected to the two sewage filters 19 through the three-way port 19 (as shown in FIG. 4), the other end of the drain valve 20 is connected to the floor drain 27, and the check valve The 21st end is connected to the two water outlets 110 of the two waste water filters 19 through the tee (as shown in FIG. 4), and the other end of the check valve 21 is connected to the water inlet of the water pump 22. The water outlet of the water pump 22 is connected to the water pipe 12 on the sterile water tank, and the water pipe 5 of the sterile water tank is connected to the water inlet valve of the double automatic water supply tank. The sterile water tank down pipe 5 is connected to the reuse water inlet valve 1 of the two-way automatic water supply tank water tank 3. A reuse faucet 4 is disposed between the sterile water tank lower water pipe 5 and the toilet water tank inlet valve. The washing machine 15 program control circuit controls the waste water filter 19, the drain valve 20, and the water pump 22 of the water saving main unit to operate. In order to achieve the purpose of sterilizing, using and cleaning the aseptic water tank of the present invention, the upper end of the side wall of the sterile water tank 10 is provided with a sterile water tank water inlet 28, an intake and exhaust breathing port 11, and a full water joint 9, The sterilization box 7, the cleaning port 8, the full water contact 9 is connected to the water pump 22 through the full water contact circuit 16, and the relay is de-energized. The pair of normally closed contacts of the relay are connected to the drain valve 20, and the side wall of the sterile water tank 10 is further provided. There is a sterilization box 7, a cleaning port 8, a water receiving area 6 is arranged at the bottom of the sterile water tank 10, a water tank water outlet 29 is provided at the lowest point of the water receiving area 6, and a floating ball 13 is provided inside the sterile water tank 10, a sterile water tank The water level gauge 14 connected to the float ball 13 is provided outside.
为了使本发明所述节水主机中的废水过滤器达到反冲洗彻底、 自动清洗过滤网、 并能 延长滤芯使用周期的设计目的, 如图 4所示本发明所述节水主机中的废水洗过滤器 19, 废 水洗过滤器的进水口 103连接洗菜、 洗澡、 洗衣的排水口, 废水洗过滤器的出水口 110通 过止回阀 21连接水泵 22, 废水洗过滤器的污水口 107通过排水阀 20连接家庭的排水管。 废水洗过滤器 19包括壳体 101及滤芯 105。 所述壳体 101外壁设有向外突出的进水口 103、 出水口 110、 污水口 107及排气口 126, 所述出水口 110连接止回阀 21, 所述污 水口 107连接排水阀 20。 为了使水泵 22抽水顺畅, 排气口 126内设有单向排气、 反向关 闭功能的单向阀 127。 为了达到废水的均流及方便滤芯 105的安装目的, 所述滤芯 105外 部增设有均流筒 104。如图 5所示的均流筒 104, 均流筒 104为整体设有坡度的套筒,均 流筒 104以靠近电动机 114为上, 所述均流筒 104坡度为上小下大的坡度, 均流筒 104 壁上设有通孔 119。 为了保证进入滤芯 105内的废水均匀流动, 避免水流局部回流导致的 滤芯内壁杂质过多的集中, 均流筒 104靠近出水口 110的壁上设有均流板 128, 相应的通 孔 119设置在除均流板 128区域外的均流筒 104壁上、并沿均流筒 104轴线均布。滤芯 105 整体为中空的筒状, 其外壁设有过滤网、 两端面设有通口 102。 所述过滤网为金属过滤 网。 所述壳体 101的进水口 103、 污水口 107分别与滤芯 105端面的通口 102相通, 所 述壳体 101的出水口 110与滤芯 105的过滤网及均流筒 104的通孔 119相通。为了达到 免清洗滤网的目的, 所述滤芯 105中心处设有过滤网内壁自动刷洗装置。为了使本发明 整体过滤效果好, 所述滤芯 105的端面外壁与均流筒 104相接触的部位设有密封圈 111。  In order to achieve the purpose of designing the waste water filter in the water-saving main body of the present invention to thoroughly wash back the filter, automatically clean the filter net, and extend the life cycle of the filter element, as shown in FIG. 4, the waste water washing in the water-saving main body of the present invention is shown in FIG. The filter 19, the water inlet 103 of the waste water washing filter is connected to the draining port for washing vegetables, bathing and washing, the water outlet 110 of the waste water washing filter is connected to the water pump 22 through the check valve 21, and the sewage port 107 of the waste water washing filter is drained. The valve 20 is connected to a household drain pipe. The waste water washing filter 19 includes a casing 101 and a filter element 105. The outer wall of the casing 101 is provided with an outwardly protruding water inlet 103, a water outlet 110, a sewage port 107 and an exhaust port 126. The water outlet 110 is connected to a check valve 21, and the sewage port 107 is connected to the drain valve 20. In order to make the water pump 22 pump smoothly, the exhaust port 126 is provided with a one-way valve 127 for one-way exhaust and reverse closing functions. In order to achieve the uniform flow of the wastewater and facilitate the installation of the filter element 105, a uniform flow tube 104 is added to the outside of the filter element 105. As shown in FIG. 5, the flow tube 104 is a sleeve having a slope as a whole, and the flow tube 104 is placed close to the motor 114. The gradient of the flow tube 104 is a slope that is small and large. A through hole 119 is formed in the wall of the flow equalizer 104. In order to ensure uniform flow of the waste water entering the filter element 105, and avoid excessive concentration of impurities on the inner wall of the filter element caused by partial return of the water flow, the flow tube 104 is provided with a flow equalization plate 128 near the wall of the water outlet 110, and the corresponding through hole 119 is disposed at It is distributed on the wall of the flow equalization cylinder 104 outside the region of the flow equalization plate 128 and along the axis of the flow equalization cylinder 104. The filter element 105 has a hollow cylindrical shape as a whole, and has a filter mesh on the outer wall and a port 102 on both end faces. The filter mesh is a metal filter mesh. The water inlet 103 and the sewage port 107 of the casing 101 are respectively communicated with the opening 102 of the end surface of the filter element 105. The water outlet 110 of the casing 101 communicates with the filter screen of the filter element 105 and the through hole 119 of the flow tube 104. In order to achieve the purpose of cleaning the filter screen, an automatic brushing device for the inner wall of the filter is provided at the center of the filter element 105. In order to make the overall filtering effect of the present invention good, a sealing ring 111 is provided at a portion where the outer wall of the end surface of the filter element 105 is in contact with the equalizing tube 104.
所述过滤网内壁自动刷洗装置包括电动机 114、 离合器 112、 刷杆 116、 刷毛 117 及轴架 115。 所述滤芯 105两端面的通口 102处设有套接在其内的轴架 115, 轴架 115 中心设有容纳刷杆 116的中心孔、 中心孔周围均布设有方便水流通畅的扇形通孔 125, 扇形通孔 125的最佳数量为三个。刷杆 116设于所述滤芯 105中心、并穿过轴架 115的 中心孔, 刷杆 116与轴架 115之间设有滑动间隙。刷杆 116靠近所述进水口 103—端设 有顺序相连的离合器 112及电动机 114, 离合器 112、 电动机 114分别设于所述壳体 1 的内部及外部。 刷杆 116外壁上设有与过滤网内壁相接触的刷毛 117。 为了防止废水向 壳体 101外渗漏, 所述电动机 114与离合器 112连接轴上设有轴封 113。 The filter inner wall automatic brushing device includes an electric motor 114, a clutch 112, a brush bar 116, bristles 117, and a yoke 115. A shank 115 is sleeved in the port 102 of the two ends of the filter element 105. The center of the shank 115 is provided with a central hole for accommodating the brush bar 116, and a fan-shaped through hole is arranged around the center hole for convenient water circulation. 125, the optimal number of the fan-shaped through holes 125 is three. The brush rod 116 is disposed at the center of the filter element 105 and passes through a central hole of the creel 115. A sliding gap is disposed between the brush rod 116 and the yoke 115. The brush rod 116 is disposed adjacent to the water inlet 103-end with a clutch 112 and an electric motor 114 connected in sequence, and a clutch 112 and an electric motor 114 are respectively disposed on the housing 1 Internal and external. The outer wall of the brush bar 116 is provided with bristles 117 which are in contact with the inner wall of the filter. In order to prevent leakage of the waste water to the outside of the casing 101, a shaft seal 113 is provided on the shaft connecting the electric motor 114 and the clutch 112.
为了达到方便更换滤芯的目的, 所述壳体 101靠近污水口 107的端部设有与其螺纹 连接的端盖 121 ; 所述滤芯 105端面靠端盖 121内侧设有手柄 123, 手柄 123与滤芯 105 连接为一体。为了保证刷杆 116与离合器 112配合, 手柄 123与端盖 121之间设有橡皮 122, 橡皮 122固定连接在端盖 121的内表面上。 所述橡皮 122为软橡皮。  For the purpose of facilitating the replacement of the filter element, the end of the casing 101 adjacent to the sewage port 107 is provided with an end cover 121 which is screwed thereto; the end surface of the filter element 105 is provided with a handle 123, a handle 123 and a filter element 105 on the inner side of the end cover 121. Connected as one. In order to ensure that the brush bar 116 cooperates with the clutch 112, a rubber 122 is disposed between the handle 123 and the end cover 121, and the rubber 122 is fixedly coupled to the inner surface of the end cover 121. The eraser 122 is a soft eraser.
为了使刷毛 117布局及数量最合理, 所述刷毛 117对称设于刷杆 116两侧, 相邻刷毛 117间隔布置。 为了便于均流筒 104及滤芯 105安装, 如图 5所示的均流筒 104及导向筒 124, 所述均流筒 104靠近污水口 107端设有导向筒 124, 导向筒 124外壁设有对应污水口 107的贯通孔 118, 导向筒 124内壁为斜面, 斜面与设有坡度的均流筒 104连接。 为了使 端盖 121及壳体 101具有良好的密封性, 所述端盖 121与壳体 101端部相接触部位设有密 封垫 120。  In order to make the layout and number of the bristles 117 most reasonable, the bristles 117 are symmetrically disposed on both sides of the brush bar 116, and adjacent bristles 117 are spaced apart. In order to facilitate the installation of the flow tube 104 and the filter element 105, the flow tube 104 and the guide tube 124 are arranged as shown in FIG. 5, and the guide tube 124 is disposed near the end of the sewage port 107, and the outer wall of the guide tube 124 is provided correspondingly. The through hole 118 of the sewage port 107 has a sloped inner wall of the guide cylinder 124, and the inclined surface is connected to the equalization cylinder 104 provided with the slope. In order to provide good sealing between the end cap 121 and the housing 101, the end cap 121 is provided with a sealing pad 120 at a portion in contact with the end of the housing 101.
滤芯的更换, 滤芯经长期使用后, 出现过滤网开裂、 刷毛 117磨损, 需要更换时, 手 动旋转打开壳体 101端盖 121,顺手柄 123抽出滤芯,插入新滤芯,手动旋 #t紧固端盖 121 , 完成废水洗过滤器滤芯的更换。  After the filter element is replaced, after the filter element is used for a long time, the filter is cracked and the bristles 117 are worn. When it needs to be replaced, the end cover 121 of the casing 101 is manually rotated, the filter element is taken out by the handle 123, the new filter element is inserted, and the #t fastening end is manually rotated. Cover 121, complete the replacement of the waste water filter element.
因此本发明所述节水主机中的废水洗过滤器设计合理、 密封效果好、 使用方便, 不 但具有过滤功能, 而且具有自动清洗滤网的反冲洗排污功能、 因此延长了过滤网的使用 周期, 另外简化了更换过滤网的工作过程、 还具有更换滤芯方便的优点。 所以本发明废 水洗过滤器可广泛应用于家庭、 洗衣店、 饭店及其它的节水装置上。  Therefore, the waste water washing filter in the water-saving host of the invention has reasonable design, good sealing effect and convenient use, not only has a filtering function, but also has a backwashing and discharging function of the automatic cleaning filter, thereby prolonging the service life of the filter. In addition, the work process of replacing the filter is simplified, and the advantage of replacing the filter element is also facilitated. Therefore, the waste water washing filter of the present invention can be widely applied to households, laundry, restaurants and other water saving devices.
住宅家庭自动节水系统工作原理:  Working principle of residential home automatic water saving system:
1 ) 含有有机物洗涤水的排放:  1) Emissions from organic washing water:
家庭废水中的污水的排放, 污水是指通过人为或自动识别, 不经过滤的水, 包括含有 洗涤剂的洗菜水、 洗衣时产生的漂洗水等。 家庭废水经过排水管道进入废水洗过滤器的进 水口 103, 流经滤芯 105的通口 102, 不经过滤网过滤, 通过人为或自动识别, 判断是 水, 洗衣机程控电路中的洗涤工作控制电路启动, 出水口 110处水泵 22关闭、 止回阀 21 关闭、 排水阀 20打开, 电动机 114启动、 离合器 112带动刷杆 116工作, 刷杆 116旋转 同时带动刷毛 117旋转, 清刷滤芯 105的过滤网内壁上的杂物并随污水由污水口 107排出 沖入地漏 27。  Sewage discharge from domestic wastewater. Sewage refers to water that is artificially or automatically identified, unfiltered, including washing water containing detergent, rinsing water generated during laundry, and the like. The household wastewater enters the water inlet 103 of the waste water washing filter through the drainage pipe, flows through the port 102 of the filter element 105, is filtered through the filter net, is manually or automatically recognized, and is judged to be water, and the washing work control circuit in the washing machine program control circuit is started. At the water outlet 110, the water pump 22 is closed, the check valve 21 is closed, the drain valve 20 is opened, the motor 114 is activated, the clutch 112 is driven to operate the brush rod 116, and the brush rod 116 is rotated to simultaneously rotate the brush 117 to clean the filter inner wall of the filter element 105. The upper debris is discharged into the floor drain 27 by the sewage port 107 as the sewage is discharged.
洗涤油质有机物的洗菜盆洗涤水的排放, 洗漆油质有机物的洗菜盆 25 中含有有机物 的洗涤水通过洗涤油质有机物的洗菜盆的下水管 26直接排入地漏 27。 2) 废水回收: The washing water of the washing machine for washing the oily organic matter is washed, and the washing water containing the organic matter in the washing pot of the oily organic matter is directly discharged into the floor drain 27 through the drain pipe 26 of the washing tub for washing the oily organic matter. 2) Waste water recovery:
家庭中的可利用水是指经过滤后可二次利用的水, 包括清洗菜产生的水、 洗衣时产生 的第一、 二次漂洗水等。 家庭废水经过管道进入废水洗过滤器的进水口 3, 流经过滤芯 5 的通口 2进入到滤芯 5内部, 通过人为或自动识别, 判断是可利用水, 此时洗衣机程控电 路中的漂洗工作控制电路启动, 水泵 22开启、 止回阀 21打开、 排水阀 20关闭, 电动机 114不启动、 离合器 112挂接的刷杆 116不工作, 可利用水由过滤网滤出、 经均流筒 104 的通孔 19均匀流至出水口 110, 较大的杂物留在过滤网内壁上, 待污水排放时刷洗。家庭 中的可利用水经过废水过滤器 19过滤后, 经过止回阀 21进入水泵 22; 水泵 22将过滤后 的再利用水通过无菌水箱上水管 12给无菌水箱 10蓄水。 无菌水箱 10内水位达到设定高 度时满水接点 9动作, 水泵 22工作继电器断电, 继电器的一对常闭接点接通排水阀 20, 洗衣机 15只排水、 不蓄水, 洗衣机漂洗废水回收完成。  The water available in the household refers to water that can be reused after being filtered, including water produced by washing vegetables, first and second rinse water generated during washing, and the like. The household wastewater enters the water inlet 3 of the waste water washing filter through the pipeline, flows through the port 2 of the filter core 5, enters into the filter core 5, and is judged to be water usable by human or automatic identification, and the rinsing work control in the program control circuit of the washing machine at this time When the circuit is started, the water pump 22 is opened, the check valve 21 is opened, the drain valve 20 is closed, the motor 114 is not activated, and the brush rod 116 that the clutch 112 is attached is not working, and the water can be filtered by the filter and passed through the equalizing tube 104. The hole 19 flows uniformly to the water outlet 110, and the large foreign matter remains on the inner wall of the filter, and is washed when the sewage is discharged. The available water in the household is filtered through the waste water filter 19, and then enters the water pump 22 through the check valve 21; the water pump 22 passes the filtered reuse water through the sterile water tank upper water pipe 12 to the sterile water tank 10 to store water. When the water level in the sterile water tank 10 reaches the set height, the full water contact 9 acts, the water pump 22 working relay is de-energized, the pair of normally closed contacts of the relay is connected to the drain valve 20, the washing machine 15 only drains, does not store water, and the washing machine rinses the wastewater. carry out.
清洗菜盆 24的水进入清洗菜盆排水管 23, 经废水过滤器 19过滤后进入止回阀 21, '来 水接点动作下接点接通电路、水位达到设定高度上接点动作启动水泵 22, 过滤后的洗菜水 进入水泵 22, 水泵 22将过滤后的再利用水通过无菌水箱上水管 12给无菌水箱 10蓄水。 止回阀 21内水位下降到原始位置, 下接点断开电路, 水泵 22停止工作。  The water of the washing basin 24 enters the washing dish drain pipe 23, is filtered by the waste water filter 19, and then enters the check valve 21, 'the water contact point is operated, the contact point is connected to the circuit, and the water level reaches the set height, and the contact point activates the water pump 22, The filtered vegetable washing water enters the water pump 22, and the water pump 22 stores the filtered reuse water through the sterile water tank upper water pipe 12 to store the sterile water tank 10. The water level in the check valve 21 drops to the original position, the lower contact opens the circuit, and the water pump 22 stops working.
3) 回收水的利用: 回收水经过无菌水箱 10上的杀菌盒 7的除菌后经过无菌水箱下水 管 5, 流入双路自动供水便器水箱 3内供冲洗便器用。 或者由设置在无菌水箱下水管 5与 双路自动供水便器水箱 3之间的再利用水龙头 4流出, 用作其它用途。  3) Utilization of recycled water: The recovered water passes through the sterile water tank drain pipe 5 after sterilization of the sterilization box 7 on the sterile water tank 10, and flows into the double-channel automatic water supply toilet tank 3 for flushing the toilet. Alternatively, it may be used for other purposes by the reuse faucet 4 disposed between the sterile water tank lower water pipe 5 and the two-way automatic water supply toilet water tank 3.
因此本发明实现了以家庭为单位生活废水就地、 自动、 无菌、 经济的利用, 是家庭住 宅节水系统首选方案。  Therefore, the present invention realizes the on-site, automatic, aseptic and economical utilization of household wastewater, and is the preferred solution for the domestic house water-saving system.
以上所述的实施例, 只是本发明较优选的具体实施方式的一种, 本领域的技术人员在 本发明技术方案范围内进行的通常变化、 组合和替换, 都应包含在本发明的保护范围内。  The embodiments described above are only one of the more preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the usual variations, combinations, and substitutions made by those skilled in the art within the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention are included in the scope of protection of the present invention. Inside.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1. 一种住宅家庭自动节水系统, 其特征在于: 其包括设置于洗衣机底部并与洗衣机 构成一体的节水主机、 无菌水箱和双路自动供水便器水箱, 节水主机主要包括设有过滤网 内壁自动刷洗装置的废水过滤器、排水阀、止回阀及水泵, 洗衣机排水管接入废水过滤器A residential home automatic water saving system, characterized in that: it comprises a water-saving host, a sterile water tank and a two-way automatic water supply tank water tank which are arranged at the bottom of the washing machine and integrated with the washing machine, and the water-saving main body mainly comprises a filter. Waste water filter, drain valve, check valve and water pump of automatic cleaning device on the inner wall of the net, the drain pipe of the washing machine is connected to the waste water filter
5 进水口, 排水阀一端接入废水过滤器污水口、 另一端连接地漏, 止回阀一端接入废水过滤 器出水口、 另一端连接水泵进水口, 水泵出水口通过上水管连接无菌水箱, 无菌水箱下水 管连接双路自动供水便器水箱的进水阀, 洗衣机程控电路控制节水主机的废水过滤器、 排 水阀及水泵动作。 5 Inlet, one end of the drain valve is connected to the sewage filter sewage outlet, and the other end is connected to the floor drain. One end of the check valve is connected to the water filter outlet and the other end is connected to the water inlet of the pump. The water outlet of the pump is connected to the sterile water tank through the upper water pipe. The water pipe of the sterile water tank is connected to the inlet valve of the double-channel automatic water supply tank, and the washing machine program control circuit controls the waste water filter, the drain valve and the water pump of the water-saving host.
2. 按权利要求 1 所述的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 其特征在于:'所述废水过滤器包括0 滤芯及壳体, 其滤芯外部增设有含有通孔的均流筒,。 滤芯内部中心处设有所述过滤网内 壁自动刷洗装置、 其包括电动机、 离合器、 刷杆、 刷毛及轴架, 所述滤芯两端面处设有 含有中心孔的轴架, 刷杆设于所述滤芯中心、 并穿过轴架中心孔, 刷杆靠近所述进水口 一端设有顺序相连的离合器及电动机,离合器、电动机分别设于所述壳体的内部及外部, 刷杆外壁上设有与过滤网内壁相接触的刷毛; 所述滤芯的端面外壁与均流筒相接触的部5 位设有密封圈; 所述废水过滤器的壳体靠近污水口的端部设有与其螺纹连接的端盖; 所述 ■ 滤芯端面靠端盖内侧设有手柄, 手柄与端盖之间设有橡皮, 橡皮固定连接在端盖的内表 面上。  2. The residential home automatic water saving system according to claim 1, wherein: the waste water filter comprises a 0 filter element and a casing, and a filter tube having a through hole is externally added to the filter element. The filter inner wall automatic brushing device is disposed at the center of the filter core, and comprises an electric motor, a clutch, a brush bar, a bristles and a yoke. The two ends of the filter element are provided with a yoke having a central hole, and the brush bar is disposed at the center The center of the filter element passes through the center hole of the yoke, and the brush rod is provided with a clutch and an electric motor connected in sequence at one end of the water inlet. The clutch and the electric motor are respectively disposed inside and outside the housing, and the outer wall of the brush rod is provided with a bristles contacting the inner wall of the filter; a sealing ring is arranged at a position of the outer wall of the end face of the filter element which is in contact with the equalizing tube; the end of the casing of the waste water filter adjacent to the sewage port is provided with a threaded end thereof The cover has a handle on the inner side of the end cover, and a rubber is arranged between the handle and the end cover, and the rubber is fixedly connected to the inner surface of the end cover.
3.按权利要求 1或 2所述的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 其特征在于: 所述无菌水箱侧. 壁上端设有水箱上水口、进排气呼吸器口、满水接点,所述无菌水箱侧壁上还设有杀菌盒、.0 清洗口, 所述水箱底部设有汇水区, 汇水区最低处设有水箱下水口, 无菌水箱内部设有浮 球, 无菌水箱外部设有与浮球连接的水位计。  The residential home automatic water saving system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: the aseptic water tank side. The upper end of the wall is provided with a water tank upper water inlet, an intake and exhaust respirator opening, and a full water joint, There is also a sterilization box and a .0 cleaning port on the side wall of the sterile water tank. The bottom of the water tank is provided with a water receiving area. The lowest part of the water receiving area is provided with a water tank drain. The sterile water tank is provided with a floating ball, a sterile water tank. A water level gauge connected to the float is provided outside.
4. 按权利要求 1-3任一所述的住宅家庭自动节水系统, 其特征在于: 所述洗衣机底' 部的节水主机设有两个废水过滤器, 洗衣机排水管、 清洗菜盆排水管及其它排水管揆入到 两个废水过滤器进水口, 排水阀一端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器污水口、 排水闽另一5 端连接地漏, 止回阀一端通过三通接入到两个废水过滤器出水口、 止回阀另一端连接水泵 进水口。  The residential home automatic water saving system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that: the water saving main unit of the bottom portion of the washing machine is provided with two waste water filters, a washing machine drain pipe and a washing dish drain The pipe and other drain pipes are diverted into the inlets of the two waste water filters. One end of the drain valve is connected to the two sewage filter sewage ports through the three-way, the other side of the drain port is connected to the floor drain, and one end of the check valve is connected through the three-way connection. Enter the two water filter outlets and the other end of the check valve to connect the water pump inlet.
PCT/CN2007/001989 2006-06-29 2007-06-25 Automatic water saving system for domestic building WO2008003231A1 (en)

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CN200620124250.7 2006-06-29
CN 200620124250 CN2908587Y (en) 2006-06-29 2006-06-29 Automatic water saving system of washing machine
CN200720149166.5 2007-05-17
CN 200720149166 CN201040207Y (en) 2007-05-17 2007-05-17 Wastewater filter

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CN108272376A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-07-13 浙江联德科技有限公司 A kind of intellectual water closet easy to maintenance

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