US86467A - Egbert w - Google Patents

Egbert w Download PDF

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US86467A
US86467A US86467DA US86467A US 86467 A US86467 A US 86467A US 86467D A US86467D A US 86467DA US 86467 A US86467 A US 86467A
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die
box
hardening
charcoal
face
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C8/00Solid state diffusion of only non-metal elements into metallic material surfaces; Chemical surface treatment of metallic material by reaction of the surface with a reactive gas, leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating, e.g. conversion coatings, passivation of metals
    • C23C8/04Treatment of selected surface areas, e.g. using masks

Description

E. W. SPERRY.

HARDENING 1115s.

Patented Feb. 2,1869.

tluit EGBERT W. SPERRY, OF .WOLCCTTVIL'LE, CONNECTICUT.-

Lam Patent No. 86,467, dated February 2, 1869.

IMPROVEMENT IN HARDENIH'G- DIES.

{Elie Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.

To all wham t't ma/y concern Be it known that I, EGBERT W. SPERRY, ,of 'W'olcottville, county of Litchfield, and State of Connecticnt, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hardening Dies; and to 'enableothers skilled in the art to make and use the same, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation, by referring to the drawings, in which the same lettersindicate like partsin each ofthe figures.

The nature of this invention consists in the mode or process of hardening dies, as follows:

A fire-proof box is 'first prepared, a little longer and wider than the length and width of the die, and about the same in depth as the depth of the die... Into the bottom of this box is placed a layer of pulverized charcoal. Then the face of the die is placed upon the surliwe of the charcoal-dust, (after smearing the die-face with a preparation of ivory or bone-black;) then fi1ling-up the side and end space with charcoal, closely packed, to a point near the top edge of the box; then filling the remaining space, from the edge of the box to the edge of the die, with fire cla-y.

. After this has been done, the box is laid on the grate of a. furnace, and a fire kindled over and around it, and heated to a temperature to produce a white heat on the upper surface of the die, (the bottom proper, of the die,) after which the box with the die is removed and allowed to stand until. the exposed surface has so far cooled as to prevent it from hardening by immersion in hardening-fluids. Then the die is quickly lifted from the box and immersed in the hardening-fluid, the result of which is, the thee of the die will be hardened, so as to resist the action of afile, while the base, or bottom proper of the die, will remain susceptible to the action 'of'a file.-

In the accompanying drawings- Figure l is abox, with the die placed therein upside or face down.

Figure 2 is a section cutlengthwise through the centre of the box, showing the box, charcoal, die, and fire-clay.

c isthe box, which is made larger in width and breadth than the die, for the purpose of providing packing room for charcoal. The depth of the box is about the same depth of the die, so that when the die isplaced upon the packing, the upper side will be above the side of the box.

. 'b is the charcoal-packing, which surrounds the me, (under side, sides, and ends,) nearly to the upper edge thereof 0 is the die.

d is the fire-clay, which closes the-space over the charcoal between the edge of the box and the edge of the die.. 1

Thus Iain enabled tocarbonize the face of the die, and decarbonizeihe base or bottom of the die, and prevent'any scale from forming on the face, and harden the face without hardening the base, thus doing away with the ordinary process of first hardening and then tempering the die, whereby so many dies are cracked and utterly destroyed.

I believe I have thus shown the nature, operation, and advantage of this invention, so as to enable others skilled in the artto make and use the same therefrom.

. What I claim, therefore, and desire to secure by Letteis Patent, 'is V The process of hardening dies, substantiallyas shown and described.

E. W. SPERRY. [L. s.] Witnesses:

E. W. Buss, JEREMY W. Buss.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100283817A1 (en) * 2004-01-21 2010-11-11 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printer print engine with cradled cartridge unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100283817A1 (en) * 2004-01-21 2010-11-11 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Printer print engine with cradled cartridge unit

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