US839640A - Storm and screen construction. - Google Patents

Storm and screen construction. Download PDF

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Publication number
US839640A
US839640A US19803604A US1904198036A US839640A US 839640 A US839640 A US 839640A US 19803604 A US19803604 A US 19803604A US 1904198036 A US1904198036 A US 1904198036A US 839640 A US839640 A US 839640A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sash
storm
slot
pin
window
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US19803604A
Inventor
James G Ralph
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James G Ralph
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Priority to US19803604A priority Critical patent/US839640A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/28Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement with additional removable glass panes or the like, framed or unframed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J1/00Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor
    • B60J1/20Accessories, e.g. wind deflectors, blinds
    • B60J1/2011Blinds; curtains or screens reducing heat or light intensity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/35Storm sash fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/47Sash fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/535Hinge having means to facilitate assembly and disassembly of hinge sections to join or disjoin hinged members
    • Y10T16/536Separation of pivotal contacting surfaces
    • Y10T16/53615Hook and pin

Description

PATENTED DEC. 25, 1906.
J. G. RALPH. STORM AND SCREEN GONSTRUCTION.
A?PLIOATION FILED MAR. 14, 1904.
2 SHEETS-33111 1.
l a/23sec M. Q: $2M
PATENTED DEC. 25, 1906.
J. G. RALPH. STGRM AND SCREEN CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED HAB.14,1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
TED STATES ATE @FFTQE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 25, 1906.
Application filed March 14, 1904.. Serial No. 98,036.
To a, whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JAMES G. RALPH, of Aurora, in the county of Kane, in the State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Storm and Screen Constructions; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference bein had to the accompanying drawings, in whic Figure l is a vertical section of a window provided with storm-sash in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, an elevation of the outer side of the same; Fig. 3, a detail perspective view of the hanger for the lower sash Fig. 4, a similar View of the hanger for the upper sash, and Fig. 5 a detail perspective view of the turn-button employed with each sash for fastening the same.
The object of my invention is to provide a construction for windows by which storm- .sash and fly-screens can be readily applied, removed, and manipulated which shall be simple and inexpensive in construction; and to this end my invention consists in the construction substantiall as hereinafter specified and claimed.
In the drawings, A designates a windowframe of ordinary construction having, as usual, a blind-stop 3. Within the frame outside the blind-stop I place my sash, consisting of a lower one C and an upper one i), saidsash being shown as glazed, I having selooted for the illustration of my invention stormsash. The top rail of the sash and the bottom rail of the are reoessed or rabbeted, so tha n two sash have portions that enter the recess of the opposite sash and overlap, and the projecting portion of the rail of the lower sash is at the inner side thereof. (in the lower sash, at opposite sides thereof and at or near the upper edge of the sash, are two pins E, that project beyond the sides of the sash, which pins, respectively,
are adapted to engage slotted plates F, fastened to the sides of the window-casing, preferably by being let into the same, so that their outer surfaces are flush with the side surfaces of the casing. The slot f of each plate extends inwardly aud then downwardly, and the upper wall of the inwardly-cxtend ing portion of the slot is projected outward beyond the outer edge of the plate, the purpose of such arrangement being to facilitate the placin of the pin in the slot, for it will be seen that hy resting the pin against the side of the plate below slot and hen moving the sash upward the pin will encounter the projection, and it can then be readily passed inward in the slot and permitted to descend in the downwardly-extending portion thereof. The inner surface of the lug or projection that forms the outer wall of the vertical portion of the slot is inclined downward and inward, so as to act upon the pin to cam or crowd the sash inward against the blind-stop and to make it fit snug and tight. By having the portion of the top rail of the lower sash that overlaps the upper sash on the inner side, as above described, the lower sash can be swung upon the pins, as upon a hinge, outward, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, for urposes of ventilation or otherwise. To 101d it when swung outward, a hook or rod G (shown in dotted lines) may be employed pivoted to the lower rail of the shaft and adapted to be caught into'an, eye H on the windowsill. On the bottom rail of the lower sash l pivot a turn-button I, having oppositelyprojecting wings '11, whose faces next the sash are inclined, so that when one or the other, whichever happens to be lowermost, engages a pin K in the window sill the sash will thereby be drawn tightlyinward and securely held in place. The turn-button may be pivoted directly to the sash; but i prefer to pivot it to a plate i, that is secured to the sash by screws that pass through slots 11 this arrangement permitting adjusting of the position of the turn-button.
At or near the bottom of the upper sash and at each side thereof is a plate L, that has a hook Z to engage a pin M, projecting from the blind-stop, the side of the hook that engages the pin being inclined, so that as the hook moves down over the pin, as it does in placing the sash in position, the sash will be drawn inward a ainst the blind-stop. The plate L is provi ed with two hooks that extend in opposite directions, the purpose of which is to avoid the construction of this device right and left, for with the two one device answers for either side of the window. For its attachment to the sash the plate L has a laterally-extending flan e Z, provided with open-ended slots Z t irough which screws pass. The object in providing the slots is to enable the plate to be adjusted when necessary on account of shrinkage of the wood or for other reasons, so that all times the parts may be adjusted to secure close fit of the sash. For securing the upper at or contiguous to the place where the two sash come together. As a result of this both sash are held tigh against the blind-stop at their upper and lower portions, and of course the overlapping of one sash by the other enables one sash to act to hold the other sash .against the blind-stop. Nevertheless, both sash are supported so as to be entirely independent of each other, so that either may be swung outward on its pin-support independently of the other. -It will be seen that the upper sash can be swung outward merely by releasing its turn-button, and its center of motion being at or near its bottom its top can be made to lit the window-casing very closely. With the upper sash in position the lower sash can be swung out until it is atright angles to I the vertical, so that the whole of the-window which it incloses can thus be open, and it will be securely held from disengagement from its hangers by the upper sash. The upper sash when in osition at all times prevents the lower sas being removed. With both upper and lower storm-sash open ventilation can' be had either at top or bottonr by open- .ing the inside sash, as may be requn'ed.
For the convenient handling of the sash a handle N, which may consist of a simple curved bar, is attached to each side of each sash about half-way from the top to the bottom thereof. In utting the sash in the window the lower sas is preferably put in position first. The sash-hangers and turn-buttons, as will be evident, are .applicable to doors, as well as window-sash.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. In a storm or screen construction, the combination of a sash, hangers therefor consisting of a plate that has a slot that opens outward and thence extends inward and downward, and a pin for eoacting with the slot, the plate having an overhanging or projecting portion at the open end of the slot. 2. In a storm or screen construction, the combination of a window-frame having a projection, such as a blind-stop, a sash on the outside of such projection, and a hinge connection between the sash and frame that permits the sash to be swung outward, that consists of plates having each a slot that opens outward and thence extends inward and downward, and a pin to coact with the slot, said plate having a pin-engaging, overhanging or projecting portion at the open end 0 the slot.
3. In a storm or screen construction, the combination of two sash therein, one directly above the other, securing means for the upper sash at the bottom thereof on which the sash may swing, securing means for the top of the sash, detachable securing means for the lower sash near the top thereof on which it may swing, the relative position ofv the lower sash being such that the latter is al- -ways retained in position by the upper sash when it is in place, and securing means for the bottom of the lower sash.
4. In a storm or screen construction, the combination of a window frame, two sash therein, one directly above the other, having overlapping portions, means for securing each of such sash at or near where they come together which permit the sash to swing horizontally independently of each other the upper one opening outward at its top and the lower one opening outward at its bottom,-
and a rojection on the window-frame, such as a b ind-stop, against which the sash abut. In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand.
JAMES o. RALPH.
Witnesses a HELENE Fox, LEM SoRDIUM.
US19803604A 1904-03-14 1904-03-14 Storm and screen construction. Expired - Lifetime US839640A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432000A (en) * 1945-03-15 1947-12-02 F E Schumacher Company Storm window
US2509678A (en) * 1946-04-02 1950-05-30 Jr Alfred B Edwards Window
US2830837A (en) * 1954-11-16 1958-04-15 Wright Products Inc Hardware for combination sash and screen

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2432000A (en) * 1945-03-15 1947-12-02 F E Schumacher Company Storm window
US2509678A (en) * 1946-04-02 1950-05-30 Jr Alfred B Edwards Window
US2830837A (en) * 1954-11-16 1958-04-15 Wright Products Inc Hardware for combination sash and screen

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