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US555726A
US555726A US555726DA US555726A US 555726 A US555726 A US 555726A US 555726D A US555726D A US 555726DA US 555726 A US555726 A US 555726A
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frame
sash
rails
window
plate
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/50Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
m m HD m Kw 0 Patented Mar. 3, 1896.
MJ'HO'") UTNQWASHINGTUNJDI (Nn'MocleL) a v. I
2 Sheets-s 2' WINDOW. No. 555,726. Patented Mar'.3,1896.
a/run nun W o,W//////////// UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OLIVER K. HUGO,
OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO VIRGINIE HUGO, OF SAME PLACE.
wmoow.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters iPatent No. 555,726, dated March 3, 1896.
Application filed April 15, 1895. Serial No. 545,703. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OLIVER K. HUGO, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vin dows, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.
This invention relates to that class of windows in which the sashes are pivotally mounted in counterbalanced sliding frames, whereby the sashes carrying the lights may be raised and lowered in the ordinary manner and in addition thereto maybe swung on their pivots for greater convenience in cleaning the lights or putting in new lights.
The objects of this invention are to have both a water and air tight joint between the sashes and the sliding frames, whereby, when closed, thewindow has all the advantages of an ordinarily-constructed window; to have a locking device-between the upper and lower sashes which shall be concealed both from sight and from tampering from the outside of the window and which shall not be accessible for manipulation by a tool of any kind inserted between the sashes,- an objection common to devices of this kind as heretofore applied; to have the counterbalanced sliding frames readily and completely detachable from the window without the necessity for detaching the sash-cords from their usual fastenings, and, finally, to have the sash-cords and the devices for attaching them to the counterbalanced frames of such construction and so disposed that the sash-cords shall be concealed from View at all times. These objects are attained by the devices illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 represents a face view of the window-sashes and sliding frames, showing the main frame in section. Fig. 2 represents a horizontal section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a cross-section through the sliding sash-frame and guide-pieces. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the top rail of the sash. Fig. 6 is a plan view of the sliding frame, showing the engaging-rabbets of the sash and frame in dotted lines. Fig. 7 is a perspective of the top portions of the sliding frame and the pivoted sash-frame, showing the latter turned at right angles to the former. Fig. 8 is a detail sectional view through the meeting-rails of the upper and lower sash-frames, showing the means for locking the sash against vertical movement.
Similar letters and numerals of reference indicate the same parts in the several figures of the drawings.
Referring by letters and numerals to the accompanying drawings, A designates the frame of the window, the stiles of which are formed with vertical slots 1 to receive the shanks or webs 2 of the cord-holder or brackets 3, as hereinafter more fully specified. The stiles are rabbeted out as usual and provided in any suitable manner with the usual parting and guide strips 4 and 5 and the stop-strip 6. The construction of the upper and lower sashframes is substantially identical in general respect and consists of guide-pieces 7 8, fitted to slide in the ways of the stiles of the window-frame and formed with vertically-arranged tongues 9 on their inner faces, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. These guidepieces 7 8 extend only for the length of the sash to which they are secured.
The outer or sliding frame, B, carries the sash-frame C, and its side rails 10 and 11 are provided with longitudinal grooves in their outer faces, into which tightly fit the tongues of the guide-pieces 7 and 8, which are rigidly secured to the side rails, respectively, thereby forming an air, water, and dust proof joint. These guide-pieces, therefore, serve to maintain the sliding frame in vertical alignment and to guide the same in its movement in the window-frame and at the same time hold the sliding frame against displacement by pressure from without or from within. The side rails 10 and ll are formed with oppositelyarrangcd rabbets 12 and 13 on their inner faces, which interlock with or fit similar rabbets, let and 15, formed on the outer faces of the side rails of the pivoted sash-frame C for the purpose of forming a tight joint as between the side rails of the sliding and sash frames.
The frame B is secured to the guide-pieces 7 8 by means of screws 21 or other suitable fastenings readily or conveniently extracted when the sashes are swung open and it is desired to remove the frame from the window.
The meeting or lower railv of the top sasli is provided with a flange 22 projecting inward, with the inner edge to fit or set against the face of the top rail of the lower frame, and the top rail of the lower frame is provided with a flange 23, which projects outward and rests on and over the flange 22 of the upper frame, as shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings, this union, of the parts at the meeting-rail forming a joint which c tlectually excludes air and dust and affords means for locating a lock which will. be proof against the usual manipulations of wires and blades inserted through the space between meeting-rails of window-sash of common construction. In the upper rail of the lower sash is formed a transverse hole or slot 24, which registers with a socket 25 in the lower rail of the upper sash, and in the slot 24: is arranged a slide or bolt 26, the inner end of which is adapted to the socket 25, and when so engaged the sashes are locked, so that they cannot be raised or lowered until the bolt is withdrawn from its locking position.
The top and bottom rails 16 17 of the frame 15 are formed with rather broad and diagonally-arranged rabbets 18 19, the vertical walls of which fit against those of similar rabbets formed in the pivotally-supported sashframe. In the middle of the top and bottom rails of the sliding frames B are formed socketbearings 20 to take the stud or step bearin g on the pivotally-supported sash-frame C, which carries the glass. This sash-frame consists of a rectangular frame having the side 'ails formed with rabbets 14 and 15 to make joint with those of the frame B, as shown in Figs. 2, 5 and '7 of the drawings, and having the outer faces of the top and bottom rails formed with rather broad and diagonally-arranged rabbets 29 30, coinciding with and adapted to make a close fit or joint with the rabbets or ways in the upper and lower rails of the frame 1 as indicated in Fig. 6 of the drawings. On the top and bottom rails of the frame C are secured stud or step bearings 31 32, which have their bearing in the sockets 20 of the frame 13, so that the frame C may be turned or swung on a vertical axis to open and close the opening in the frame B. To look the frame 0 against rotation or movement 011 its bearings, a bolt, lock, or catch is projected through its side rail into engagement with the side rail of the frame 13, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings.
It will readily be perceived from the foregoing description, taken in connection with the drawings, that the frame 0 may be opened and closed by rotation on its bearing-s11pports, and that when closed and locked to frame B it may be raised and lowered therewith.
To conveniently balance the sashes so that they may be raised and lowered readily, as in other weight controlled and supported win dowsashes, I attach to the outer faces of the guide-pieces 7 S brackets These consist of a plate adapted to be secured to the surface of the rail and a web 2 arranged at right angles to the fastening-plate and extending substantially the length of the plate to which it is attached or of which it forms a part, and terminating in an eye 3t, to which the end of the sash-cord is secured, as seenv in Figs. and 2 of the drawings. The webs 2 being welladapted to travel in the slots of the stiles, and because of the lengthened flat surface extending through the slots, serve as guides to direct and guide the sashes in their up-anddown movements. To the stiles, at or near the top thereof, are seen red the sash-cord guides l), which consist of a shell or casing 38, having a sheave 39 journaled therein, and ove r which is arranged the sash-cord 40, carrying a proper weight 41 to balance the sash. The rear face of the fastening-plate $2 of the casing 38 is inclined inwardly, as seen at -13, and when set in position against the stiles, on which a seat is formed, the casing is supported at its base and throughout in the most substantial and secure manner. ()n the inner face of the stile is aplate 45, covering an opening in the stile, and through said plate fastening-screws 46 are projected and. pass through the plate 42, and thus in conjunction with other screws (not shown) fasten it in position.
The plate t5 is slotted at its lower end in order to border the slot in the stile, which is suiliciently enlarged behind the plate to permit the withdrawal of the sash-cord bracket; and to afford ready access to the interior of the window-frame for rethreading the sashcord and making other repairs.
The operation or function of the respective elements or parts have been specifically set forth in the order that they have been described, but the uses or operation may here be briefly reviewed as follows: By reason of the connections of the weights to the side strips of the respective sash, they may be raised and lowered; and by means of the detachable fastenings between the side strip and the frame B the latter maybe removed without releasing the sash-cords from their connection; and by means of the pivotal supports of the frame 0 it may be turned thereon or it may be made to raise and lower with the sash by simply locking it thereto, as hereinbefore stated; and by reason of a peculiar locking device between the meeting-rails of the upper and lower sliding frames the windows are protected against unlocking by the insertion between the rails of a knife-blade or other sharp instrument, a practice common and easy of attainment with the old style of fasteners.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patcut,
1. In combination with a window-frame having a cut-out inclined exterior surface at the upper portion of the frame, of the sash.-
cord bracket orcasing, comprising a hollow casing formed with an inclined back plate adapted to be seated on said exterior surface, a cord-sheave journaled in the casing, a plate secured to the inner upper surface of the window-frame, and means for securing the plate and the bracket or casing to the windowframe, substantially as described.
2. The sash-cord bracket or casing, comprising a hollow casing having a back plate formed with its rear surface inclined outward, and cord-sheaves j ournaled in the casing, in combination with the stiles having an opening therein, a covering-plate for said opening, and fastening means projected through the covering-plate and the back plate of the casing, substantially as shown and described.
3. The combination with the window-stile formed with a seat having an inclined face, a sash-cord casing having a back plate adapted to rest in the seat of the stile, a covering-plate set against the face of the stile opposite to the back plate of the cord-casin g, and fastenin g devices to hold the covering-plate and the sash-cord casing to the stile, substantially as described.
4. In combination with a window stile formed with a vertical slot terminating with an enlarged opening through the stile, said opening being covered by a metallic plate, a sash-cord casing arranged at the upper portion of the stile, and a covering-plate fastened on the stile and formed with an openend slot at its lower end to border the upper portion of the slot in the stile, and fasteningscrews to hold the covering-plate and the sash-cord casing to the stile, substantially as described.
5. The combination of the window-stiles formed with vertical slots terminating with enlarged openings through the stiles, said openings being covered with a metallic plate, and sash grooves or ways in their faces, sashframes arranged in the ways of the stiles, cord-brackets composed of a fastening-plate adapted to be secured to the edge of the sashframe, a web or plate set at right angles to the fastening-plate and extending the length thereof and adapted to travel in the slots of the stile and terminating in an eye, a cord and weight to balance the sash, and a covering-plate for said opening, substantially as described.
6. The combination with a window-frame having vertically-slotted stiles and a sashframe working therein, of guide-strips secured to the side rails of the sash-frame, the cord-holders having webs to engage the slots in the stiles, the sash-cords attached thereto, and the weights, all arranged substantially as shown and described.
7. The combination with a window-frame, the stiles of which are formed with vertical slots and a sliding frame working in ways therein, of a sash-frame pivotally mounted in the sliding frame, guide-strips detachably secured to the side rails of the sliding frame the cord-holders attached to the guide-strips and having webs adapted to pass through the slots in the stiles, the cords attached to the holders and carrying weights, substantially as shown and described.
8. The window-sash herein described, comprising guide-strips formedwith tongues on their inner faces, a sliding frame formed with grooves in its side rails to receive the tongues of the guide-strips, oppositely-arranged rabbets in the inner faces of its side rails, and diagonally-arranged rabbets in the inn er faces of its top and bottom rails, and a sash-frame having rabbets on the outer faces of its side rails and also on its top and bottom rails to fit the rabbets of the outer sash-frame, substantially as described.
9. The combination of the sliding frame formed with rabbets in the inner faces of its side rails and diagonally-arranged rabbets in the inner faces of its top and bottom rails, a sash-frame journaled in the top and bottom rails of the sliding frame, and formed with rabbets in the outer side faces of its frame, to joint into the respective rabbets in the said sliding frame, substantially as shown and described.
10. The combined sliding and turning sash, comprising outer guide-strips formed with tongues on their inner faces, the sliding frame formed with grooves in the outer faces of its side rails to receive the tongues of the guidestrips, and diagonally-arranged rabbets in the inner faces of the top and bottom rails, the sash-frame, formed with rabbets on the outer faces of the side rails and diagonally-arranged rabbets on the outer faces of the top and bottom rails to make joint with the rabbets of the sliding frame, and bearings on the top and bottom rails of the sash-frame resting in the sliding frame, whereby the sash-frame is adapted to turn and open and close within the sliding frame, substantially as shown and described.
11. In a window-frame, the stiles of which are provided with vertically-extending slots, the combination of the upper sash provided with an inwardly-directed flange extending the length of the lower or meeting rail thereof, and the lower sash formed with an outwardlydirected flange on the top or meeting rail and adapted to lap over and rest on the flange on the meeting-rail of the upper sash, the cordholders attached to the frames and provided with webs adapted to slide in the slots, the sash cords and weights, all arranged substantially as shown and described.
12. In a window-frame, the stiles of which are provided with vertically-extending slots, the combination of the upper sash formed with a flange on its lower or meeting rail and extending the length thereof, and provided with a socket in the face of the said rail, the lower sash formed with a flange on its top rail to lap over the flange of the upper sash, and a fastening device projected through the top rail of the lower sash and engaged in the socket of the upper sash the cord-holders having webs projecting through the slots in the stiles, the sash cords and weights, all arranged substantially as described.
13. The Window, comprising guide-pieces adapted to slide in the Window-frame, an outer sliding frame and means for detachably securing the sliding frame to said guidepieces, and an inner sash-frame pivoted to 10 and adapted to swing Within the said outer sliding frame, said securing means being normally concealed by the said inner sash-frame, substantially as shown and described.
OLIVER K. IIUGO. \Vitn esses:
W. R. ()MOHUNDRO, M E. SHIELDS.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4690352A (en) * 1986-07-28 1987-09-01 The B.F. Goodrich Company Aircraft rotating wing seal
US4720061A (en) * 1986-07-28 1988-01-19 The B. F. Goodrich Company Aircraft rotating wing seal and method therefor

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4690352A (en) * 1986-07-28 1987-09-01 The B.F. Goodrich Company Aircraft rotating wing seal
US4720061A (en) * 1986-07-28 1988-01-19 The B. F. Goodrich Company Aircraft rotating wing seal and method therefor

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