US773402A - Vehicle. - Google Patents

Vehicle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US773402A
US773402A US20793104A US1904207931A US773402A US 773402 A US773402 A US 773402A US 20793104 A US20793104 A US 20793104A US 1904207931 A US1904207931 A US 1904207931A US 773402 A US773402 A US 773402A
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United States
Prior art keywords
bolster
axle
plates
casting
plate
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Expired - Lifetime
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US20793104A
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Piere Aden Lindrose
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Individual
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G5/00Resilient suspensions for a set of tandem wheels or axles having interrelated movements
    • B60G5/02Resilient suspensions for a set of tandem wheels or axles having interrelated movements mounted on a single pivoted arm, e.g. the arm being rigid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D53/00Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains
    • B62D53/04Tractor-trailer combinations; Road trains comprising a vehicle carrying an essential part of the other vehicle's load by having supporting means for the front or rear part of the other vehicle
    • B62D53/06Semi-trailers
    • B62D53/068Semi-trailers having devices to equalise or modify the load between the fifth wheel and the rear wheels

Definitions

  • This invention relates particularly to improvements in trucks to be used as a part of an eight-wheel wagon for carrying heavy loads, such as timber and the like, an object being to provide a truck that will be very strong and serviceable and of a comparatively simple construction.
  • Figure 1 is a plan view of a truck embodyingmy invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a section on the line w w of Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a front elevation with the tongue and hounds removed.
  • Fig. 4 is a section on the line m m of Fig.1.
  • Fig. 5 is a detail plan showing one of the balland-socket joints employed.
  • Fig. 6 is a section on the line y y of Fig. 3
  • Fig. 7 is a section on the linez z of Fig. 2.
  • 1 designates the front axle of the truck, on which the wheels 2 are mounted to rotate, and 3 is the rear axle, having wheels 4.
  • Mounted on the front axle 1 is a steel casting having at its front and extended forward therefrom a boxing 5 for receiving the rear end of the tongue 6, and-near the sides are boxings 7 for receiving hounds 8.
  • the tongue swings on a bolt 9, while the hounds swing on bolts 10.
  • Between the center boxing and the end boxing is a web 11, the centerofwhich extends above the center boxing and has a circular plate 12,with which an inverted-cup-shaped plate 13 on a cast-steel bolster let is mounted to turn, thus forming a center-bearing or fifth-wheel.
  • the casting having the boxing is secured to the axle 1 by means of U-bolts 15, the upper ends of which pass through lateral flanges of said casting.
  • segmentplates 16 On the ends of said casting are segmentplates 16, with which overturned ends 17 of the bolster engage, thus permitting the turning movement of the bolster, but preventing its detachment from the center-bearing, and these segment-plates are of sufiicient length to prevent the bolster from being turned off the ends of said plates, as before it reaches the ends one end of the bolster will engage against one of the draw-bars, to be hereinafter described.
  • socket members each comprising a semicircular transversely-curved section 18, formed integral with the bolster and coacting with an upper member 19, mounted to swing on the outer end of the section 18, and when in closed position the member 19 may be locked by passing a bolt 20 through a perforation in a projection 21 on the swinging member and through a perforation 22 in the bolster.
  • each standard 23 On the rear axle 3 are standards 23, consisting, preferably, of cast-steel, and these standards are secured to the axle by means of yoke or clip bolts 24, passing through perforations in flange portions at the bases of the standards.
  • a socketmember consisting of an integral section 25 and a swinging section 26, these parts being similar to the socket members first described.
  • Wooden draw-bars 27 have ball-joint members 28 for engaging in the front socket members, and these ball-joint members are cast integral with sleeves 29, bolted to the front ends of the draw-bars. Similar ball-bearings engage in the sockets and are formed interanged on the d raw-bars is a load-bearing bar 31. As here shown, this bar 31 has on its under side bearing-plates 32, which engage on hearing-plates 33, mounted on the draw bars. U-shaped bolts or clips 34 pass around the draw-bars and through the bearing-bar. The vertical members of the clips are spaced slightly from the draw-bars, so that there may be a slight movement of the bearing-bar thereon.
  • a reach 35 has its rear end extended into a metal loop-plate 36 and is secured to the rear axle by means of a loop belt or clip 37, which passes around the said axle and through the reach, and the members of the loop plate engage against the upper and lower sides thereof.
  • a wear-plate 38 is arranged between the lower member of said loop-plate and the axle, said wear-plate having flanges at its front and rear edges which engage against the front and rear of the axle.
  • Bolted to the front end of the reach is a casting consisting of an.
  • the plates 39 40 are connected by aplate at, which engages against the front end of said reach, and extending forward at the upper and lower portions of this plate 42 are plates 4L3, which are provided with perforations to receive a king-bolt M, which passes through the center bearingplate 12 and also through a flange 45 at the lower side of the casting secured to the front axle.
  • hounds L6 Secured to the reach 35 are hounds L6, which have their rear ends mounted on plates 47, extended inward from the lower ends of the standards 23 and formed integral therewith, and it will be noted that the clips 24; pass through these plates and, through the hounds.
  • the hounds are further secured to the standards by means of screws passing through lateral flanges 48 at the inner sides of the standards and into said hounds.
  • the loop'plate 36 is provided, so thata truck similar tothe one above described maybe hooked thereto, thus forming an eight-wheel wagon adapted for carrying long timbers or the like.
  • a cast-metal bolster having a center bearing-plate, and socket members at its ends, each socket member consisting of a semicircular fixed portion and a semicircular swinging portion.
  • a truck a front axle, a casting secured thereto and having at its front boxings for receiving the end of a tongue, and the rear ends of tongue-hounds, segmental plates on the ends of said casting, a center bearingplate on the casting, a bolster having an inverted-cup-shaped bearing-plate for engaging on the first-named bearing-plate, turned ends i on said bolster for engaging with the segmentplates, and socket members on the bolster, each consisting of a semicircular portion integral with the bolster, and a semicircular portion having swinging relation to the fixed portion, each of said portions being transversely concaved at the inner side.
  • a front axle a rear axle, socket members mounted on the front axle, socket members mounted on the rear axle, and draw-bars having ball-socket members at its ends for engaging in said socket members.
  • a truck comprising front and rear axles, socket members mounted on the axles, wooden draw-bars, metal sleeves secured to the ends of said draw-bars, and balls formed on said sleeves for engaging in said socket members.
  • a truck comprising front and rear axles, draw-bars having ball-and-socket connections with the axles, and a bearing-bar mounted on the draw-bars.
  • a truck comprising front and rear axles, a reach secured at its rear end to the rear axle, a loop-plate on the rear end of the reach, a casting secured to the front end of the reach and comprising plates for engaging respectively against the upper and lower sides of the reach, flanges on the plates engaging in the reach, forward extensions from said plates provided with perforations, a casting on the front axle, and a king-bolt passing through said casting and through said forward projections.
  • each socket member consisting of a semicircular transverselycurved portion formed integral with the standards, and similarly-shaped portions mounted to swing on the standards.

Description

PATENTED OCT. 25, 1904.
P. A. LINDROSE.
VEHICLE.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 14, 1904.
2 sums-sum 1.
NO MODEL.
llllllmllllll WITNESSES A 7TOHNE Y8 PATENTED OCT. 25,1904. P. A. LINDROSE.
VEHICLE.
APPLIUATION FILED MAY 14. 1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.
N0 MODEL.
INVENTOR fz'ere JZLZ'IUZZ'OJW? ATTORNEY UNITED STATES Patented October 25, 1904.
PATENT FFICE.
VEHICLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 773,402, dated October 25, 1904, Application filed May 14, 1904. SerialNo- 207,931- (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PIERE ADEN LINDRosE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Hattiesburg, in the county of Perry and State of Mississippi, have invented a new and Improved Vehicle, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates particularly to improvements in trucks to be used as a part of an eight-wheel wagon for carrying heavy loads, such as timber and the like, an object being to provide a truck that will be very strong and serviceable and of a comparatively simple construction.
Other objects of the invention will appear in the general description.
I will describe a vehicle embodying my invention and then point out the novelfeatures in the appended claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings,forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a plan view of a truck embodyingmy invention. Fig. 2 is a section on the line w w of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a front elevation with the tongue and hounds removed.
Fig. 4 is a section on the line m m of Fig.1. Fig. 5 is a detail plan showing one of the balland-socket joints employed. Fig. 6 is a section on the line y y of Fig. 3, and Fig. 7 is a section on the linez z of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings, 1 designates the front axle of the truck, on which the wheels 2 are mounted to rotate, and 3 is the rear axle, having wheels 4.. Mounted on the front axle 1 is a steel casting having at its front and extended forward therefrom a boxing 5 for receiving the rear end of the tongue 6, and-near the sides are boxings 7 for receiving hounds 8. The tongue swings on a bolt 9, while the hounds swing on bolts 10. Between the center boxing and the end boxing is a web 11, the centerofwhich extends above the center boxing and has a circular plate 12,with which an inverted-cup-shaped plate 13 on a cast-steel bolster let is mounted to turn, thus forming a center-bearing or fifth-wheel. The casting having the boxing is secured to the axle 1 by means of U-bolts 15, the upper ends of which pass through lateral flanges of said casting. On the ends of said casting are segmentplates 16, with which overturned ends 17 of the bolster engage, thus permitting the turning movement of the bolster, but preventing its detachment from the center-bearing, and these segment-plates are of sufiicient length to prevent the bolster from being turned off the ends of said plates, as before it reaches the ends one end of the bolster will engage against one of the draw-bars, to be hereinafter described.
On the ends of the bolster 14 are socket members each comprising a semicircular transversely-curved section 18, formed integral with the bolster and coacting with an upper member 19, mounted to swing on the outer end of the section 18, and when in closed position the member 19 may be locked by passing a bolt 20 through a perforation in a projection 21 on the swinging member and through a perforation 22 in the bolster.
On the rear axle 3 are standards 23, consisting, preferably, of cast-steel, and these standards are secured to the axle by means of yoke or clip bolts 24, passing through perforations in flange portions at the bases of the standards. At the upper end of each standard is a socketmember consisting of an integral section 25 and a swinging section 26, these parts being similar to the socket members first described.
Wooden draw-bars 27 have ball-joint members 28 for engaging in the front socket members, and these ball-joint members are cast integral with sleeves 29, bolted to the front ends of the draw-bars. Similar ball-bearings engage in the sockets and are formed interanged on the d raw-bars is a load-bearing bar 31. As here shown, this bar 31 has on its under side bearing-plates 32, which engage on hearing-plates 33, mounted on the draw bars. U-shaped bolts or clips 34 pass around the draw-bars and through the bearing-bar. The vertical members of the clips are spaced slightly from the draw-bars, so that there may be a slight movement of the bearing-bar thereon.
A reach 35 has its rear end extended into a metal loop-plate 36 and is secured to the rear axle by means of a loop belt or clip 37, which passes around the said axle and through the reach, and the members of the loop plate engage against the upper and lower sides thereof. As here shown, a wear-plate 38 is arranged between the lower member of said loop-plate and the axle, said wear-plate having flanges at its front and rear edges which engage against the front and rear of the axle. Bolted to the front end of the reach, is a casting consisting of an. upper member 39, engaging on the upper side of the reach and a lower member 40, engaging against the lower side of the reach, and preferably the rear ends of these plates will have inwardly-extended flanges 41 for engaging in recesses formed in the reach, thus adding somewhat to the strength of the connection between the parts. At the front end the plates 39 40 are connected by aplate at, which engages against the front end of said reach, and extending forward at the upper and lower portions of this plate 42 are plates 4L3, which are provided with perforations to receive a king-bolt M, which passes through the center bearingplate 12 and also through a flange 45 at the lower side of the casting secured to the front axle. Secured to the reach 35 are hounds L6, which have their rear ends mounted on plates 47, extended inward from the lower ends of the standards 23 and formed integral therewith, and it will be noted that the clips 24; pass through these plates and, through the hounds. The hounds are further secured to the standards by means of screws passing through lateral flanges 48 at the inner sides of the standards and into said hounds. The loop'plate 36 is provided, so thata truck similar tothe one above described maybe hooked thereto, thus forming an eight-wheel wagon adapted for carrying long timbers or the like.
In backing it may be necessary to lock the bolster 14K to prevent its turning. For this purpose I have provided the bolster with perforated lugs 48, through which pins may pass into perforations in the top walls of the boxings 7.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent-- 1. .In a truck, a front axle, a metal casting secured thereto and having at its front boxings for receiving a tongue and tongue-hounds, a bearing-plate at the center of said casting, a cast-metal bolster having a bearing-plate for engaging on the first-named bearing-plate, segment-plates on the ends of said casting, and turned ends on the ends of said bolster for engaging with said segment-plates.
2. In a truck, a cast-metal bolster having a center bearing-plate, and socket members at its ends, each socket member consisting of a semicircular fixed portion and a semicircular swinging portion.
3. In a truck, a front axle, a casting secured thereto and having at its front boxings for receiving the end of a tongue, and the rear ends of tongue-hounds, segmental plates on the ends of said casting, a center bearingplate on the casting, a bolster having an inverted-cup-shaped bearing-plate for engaging on the first-named bearing-plate, turned ends i on said bolster for engaging with the segmentplates, and socket members on the bolster, each consisting of a semicircular portion integral with the bolster, and a semicircular portion having swinging relation to the fixed portion, each of said portions being transversely concaved at the inner side.
4. In a truck, a front axle, a rear axle, socket members mounted on the front axle, socket members mounted on the rear axle, and draw-bars having ball-socket members at its ends for engaging in said socket members.
5. A truck comprising front and rear axles, socket members mounted on the axles, wooden draw-bars, metal sleeves secured to the ends of said draw-bars, and balls formed on said sleeves for engaging in said socket members.
6. A truck comprising front and rear axles, draw-bars having ball-and-socket connections with the axles, and a bearing-bar mounted on the draw-bars.
7. A truck comprising front and rear axles, a reach secured at its rear end to the rear axle, a loop-plate on the rear end of the reach, a casting secured to the front end of the reach and comprising plates for engaging respectively against the upper and lower sides of the reach, flanges on the plates engaging in the reach, forward extensions from said plates provided with perforations, a casting on the front axle, and a king-bolt passing through said casting and through said forward projections.
8. In a truck, a rear axle, metal standards secured to said axle and having inwardly-extended plates at the lower ends on which hounds may be secured, and socket members carried by the standards, each socket member consisting of a semicircular transverselycurved portion formed integral with the standards, and similarly-shaped portions mounted to swing on the standards.
9. In a truck, the combination with a rear axle consisting of wood, of a metal standard to this specification in the presence of two subhaving an inwardly extended plate at the scribing witnesses.
lower end, laterally-extended flanges at the 1 a inner edge provided with perforations, and a PIhRE ADLN LINDROSE' 5 ball-socket member on the standard consist- Witnesses:
ing of a fixed section and a swinging section. J NO. C. STEVENS, Intestimony whereoflhavesignedrnynarne P. B. MCLEOD.
US20793104A 1904-05-14 1904-05-14 Vehicle. Expired - Lifetime US773402A (en)

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