US772280A - Button-fastener. - Google Patents

Button-fastener. Download PDF

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Publication number
US772280A
US772280A US22010004A US1904220100A US772280A US 772280 A US772280 A US 772280A US 22010004 A US22010004 A US 22010004A US 1904220100 A US1904220100 A US 1904220100A US 772280 A US772280 A US 772280A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
fastener
prongs
button
folds
terminals
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US22010004A
Inventor
Theophilus R Hyde Jr
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Scovill Inc
Original Assignee
Scovill Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Scovill Inc filed Critical Scovill Inc
Priority to US22010004A priority Critical patent/US772280A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US772280A publication Critical patent/US772280A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B13/00Hook or eye fasteners
    • A44B13/0005Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their material
    • A44B13/0017Hook or eye fasteners characterised by their material made of metal plate
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B15/00Nails; Staples
    • F16B15/0015Staples
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/92Staple
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3611Deflecting prong or rivet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3611Deflecting prong or rivet
    • Y10T24/3615Integral

Description

No. 772,280, PATENTED OCT. 11, 1904.
- I. R. HYDE, J3.
BUTTON 'FASTENBR.
APPLICATION- FILED AUG. 9, 1904..
N0 MODEL.
/fm/a UNITE STATES Patented October 11, 1904.
PATENT OFFICE.
THEOPHILUS HYDE, JR, OF VVATERBURY, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO SCOVILL MANUFACTURING- COMPANY, OF VVATERBURY, CON- NECTICUT, A CORPORATION- OF CONNECTICUT.
BUTTON-FASTENER- SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N0. 77' 2,280, dated October 11, 1904. Application filed August 9, 1904. Serial No. 220,100. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, THEOPHILUS R. HYDE, J r., a citizen of the United States, residing at WVaterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Button-Fasteners, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
A metallic fastening device for use in fastening buttons to garments and for other purposes and composed of a head of approximately the outline of the letter S and having a prong projecting at right angles therefrom at each terminal has heretofore been devised, and similar pronged fasteners, so called, having their heads variously formed, have also been devised; but in those pronged fasteners of this general character with which I.
am familiar the pressure necessary to drive the prongs through plies of fabric or other material and clench them about the button or other object to be fastened has a tendency to distort the prongs, owing perhaps to the fact that the prongs lack support on opposite sides.
The object of the present invention is to provide a pronged fastener the prongs of which are embraced upon opposite sides by the material of the head.
The invention consists of a button-fastener or pronged fastener having a head of approximately S shape with the terminals, containing right-angle prongs, bent back again, so as to locate the prongs between the outer folds and the intermediate cross-fold, and thus support said prongs on both sides, whereby any tendency to distortion of the prongs in the application of the device is resisted.
In the accompanying drawings, illustrating the invention, in the several figures of which like parts are similarly designated, Figure l is a perspective view. Fig. 2 is a top plan view. Fig. 3 is a bottom or outside plan view; Fig. 4 shows an ordinary metallic barbutton in cross-section with the fastener applied. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a capped fastener. Fig. 6 is a top plan View of the fastener of Fig. 5, and Fig. 7 is a bottom or outside'view of the capped fastener.
The fastener is made of wire of any suitable cross-section, bentto form a cross-fold 1 and opposite outer folds 2, and the terminals 3 of the wire are turned back between the cross-folds 1 and the outer folds 2, and from these terminals project at right angles the prongs 4. By turning back the terminals 3 toward the center of the device the prongs receive lateral support from the cross-fold l and the outer folds 2, which serve to reintorting tendency of the pressure necessary to drive the prongs through a fabric or other material to which an article is to be fastened and also the pressure necessary to clench the prongs for effecting the fastening.
As illustrated in Fig. 4, one special and large use to which these pronged fasteners are put is in securing bar-buttons to garments. 5 may represent a piece of fabric or a piece of mon construction having at its base a transverse bar 7 about which the prongs 4 of the fastener are bent in opposite directions to secure the button to the garment.
It will be observed that the head of the fastener formed by the cross-fold 1, outer folds 2, and terminals 3 is substantially circular in outline or profile, and thus lends itself very readily to the application of a cap, as indicated at 8 in Figs. 5, 6, and 7, which cap is simply a cup or shell of sheet metal having its flange turned down over the rim or flange of metal formed by the folds outside of and beyond the prongs.
By the construction hereinabove described the prongs are firmly held both on the inner side and outer side diametrically and their liability to displacement greatly reduced and practically wholly overcome.
Since the prongs are substantially equidistant from the center, the outwardly-surrounding metal of the head lends itself very readily to receive a cap of metal or cloth, and thus in any desired manner.
By the term button-fastener herein used I do not mean to limit the invention to fasforce the prongs sufficiently to resist the dis-.
garment, and 6 is a metallicbutton of comthe fastener may be ornamented or protected 10 gles thereto.
2. A button-fastener, made of wire, having a head provided with a central cross-fold outer folds, and terminals on said outer folds returned between the cross-fold and the outer folds and embraced thereby, and prongs projecting at right angles from the ends of said terminals.
3. A button-fastener, having a head of approximately S form, with the terminals returned between the cross-fold and the outer folds and supported thereby, prongs projecting at right angles from the ends of said terminals, and a cap applied to said head.
4. A button-fastener, having a head of approximate S shape and circular in outline, and having the terminals returned between the outer folds and the cross-fold and supported thereby, prongs projecting from the ends of said terminals at right angles thereto, and a cap applied to said head.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 8th day of August, A. D. 1904.
THEOPHILUS R. HYDE, JR.
\Vitnesses:
G. F. HODGES, HENRY FEHL.
US22010004A 1904-08-09 1904-08-09 Button-fastener. Expired - Lifetime US772280A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22010004A US772280A (en) 1904-08-09 1904-08-09 Button-fastener.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22010004A US772280A (en) 1904-08-09 1904-08-09 Button-fastener.

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US772280A true US772280A (en) 1904-10-11

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5433571A (en) * 1994-02-14 1995-07-18 Allison; Roger Button fastener for securing headliner
US6305057B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2001-10-23 Erwin R. Seum Headliner pinning assembly
US20050145667A1 (en) * 2003-12-22 2005-07-07 Susson Yehudah N. Novel apparatus for securing decorative staples
ITPD20120276A1 (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-21 Berning Italia S R L Procedure for fixing decorative elements on clothing and accessories with the use of double-pointed nails

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5433571A (en) * 1994-02-14 1995-07-18 Allison; Roger Button fastener for securing headliner
US6305057B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2001-10-23 Erwin R. Seum Headliner pinning assembly
US20050145667A1 (en) * 2003-12-22 2005-07-07 Susson Yehudah N. Novel apparatus for securing decorative staples
ITPD20120276A1 (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-21 Berning Italia S R L Procedure for fixing decorative elements on clothing and accessories with the use of double-pointed nails

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