US682701A - Locking-pliers. - Google Patents

Locking-pliers. Download PDF

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Publication number
US682701A
US682701A US4557101A US1901045571A US682701A US 682701 A US682701 A US 682701A US 4557101 A US4557101 A US 4557101A US 1901045571 A US1901045571 A US 1901045571A US 682701 A US682701 A US 682701A
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Prior art keywords
pliers
locking
slot
jaws
pin
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Expired - Lifetime
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US4557101A
Inventor
Matthew M Howland
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Matthew M Howland
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/12Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools involving special transmission means between the handles and the jaws, e.g. toggle levers, gears

Description

No. 682,70l. Patented Sept. l7, I901. m. m. HDWLAND.

LOCKING PLIEBS.

(Application filed Feb. 1, 1901.)

(No Model.)

Inventor- Attorney;

m: nouns m 00.. mag-m wmnmou. n c.

UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIG MATTHEW M/HOWLAND, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND.

LOCKING-PLIERSV.

SPECIFICATION torming part of Letters l atentNo. 682,701, dated-September 17, 1901 Application filed February 1,1901. Serial No. 45,5 71. (No model.)

To will whmn it may concern:

Be it known that I, MATTHEW M. How- LAND, a resident of the city of Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Locking-Pliers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, and

to the letters of reference marked thereon,

which form a part of this specification.

This invention relates to improvements in self-looking pliers, its object being to make them capable of resisting the tendency to open and release the object grasped when on der great strain, as in case of twisting and bending of wire or in turning screw-nuts and the like, so that when the pliers have been closed on the object to be held it will not be necessary to further increase the pressure of the hand on the pliers to maintain their hold against being openedby the increased strain of the work.

The invention is fully described and illustrated in this specification and the annexed drawings.

Figure 1 represents a pair of parallel-j awed pliers with the improvement applied to them. Fig. 2 represents the same pliers partly open to show the relative position of the moving parts. Fig. 3 shows the locking devices applied to a pair of common pliers with solid jaws, which are represented as being partly open.

The following is a description of the construction and operation of the improvement in its application to both solid and parallel jawed pliers.

B and 0 denote relatively the upper and lower jaws of the pliers,as, for convenience, they are designated. F E are the handles by which they are operated, and A is the central pivot that holds the jaws together and which serves as a fulcrum in operating them. The lower jaw is'cut off a short distance back of the central pivot A 'and the projecting part marked H both in the solid jaws, Fig. 3, and the parallel jaws in Figs. 1 and 2, as the plates r r of the latter figures serve the same purpose as the solid jaws in Fig. 3. An operating bar or handle F has one end attached to the upper jaw by a pivot to forward of the distance may be varied a little, according to r the amount of eccentricity of the slot to the pivot a required. The sides of the slot 0 need not be parts of a circle, but may be parts of a parabola or other curve, or even straight; but then the degree of resistance of the opening of the jaws at different points in the slot will not be uniform.

The action of these parts may be explained in this way. When the pliers are opened by the handles E F, the concave side of the slot 0 easily raises the rear end H of the lower jaw by means of the pin b; but when it is .attempted to open the pliers by the front end of the jaws the pin 1) has to raise the handle F by pressing against the convex or inner side of the slot 0, and the direction of the pressure being so nearly square to the side of the slot the friction between the pin 1) and the side of the slot will be so great that a very slight pressure on the handle F will prevent it from being raised, and the greater the force used to open. the jaws the greater will be the friction produced and the resistance to the opening will be accordingly increased. It will readily be seen that the pivot a and the pin-b move on a circle having its center at A and that as the jaws open the two points a I) must approach each other; but the convex or inner side of the slot 0 will prevent this if the handle F is not raised, and the slightest pressure on that handle will hold it from rising, and thereby accomplish the lockingof the pliers. To find a curve for the slot 0 that will cause sufficient friction,first close the pliers and mark the position of the pin 12 on the extension J. Then open them and again mark the position of the pin 17 on the extension. Then strikea circle from a point almost directly above the pivot a that will pass through the two positions of the pin 1) and it will give a proper curve for the slot. It will readily be seen that if the relative positions of the slot a and the pin b were changed by putting the pin in the handle and the slot in the extension of the lower jaw the locking effect would be the same, and the connection between the operating bar or handle F and the extension II of the lower jaw may be made on the outside, as shown, or through slots in the jaws or handle.

Having thus described my improvements, I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In self-locking pliers, the combination of an upper jaw, a lower jaw with an extension or bar rearwardly projecting therefrom, a central pivot to connect said jaws together, an operating bar or handle pivoted to said upper jaw forward of said central pivot and having a slot in it back of said central pivot, a locking-pin held in said extension of the lower jaw and projecting through and moving in said slot in the operating-bar, substantially as described.

2. In self-locking pliers, the combination of an upper jaw, a lower jaw with an extension or bar rearwardly projecting therefrom, a central pivot to hold said jaws together, an operating bar or handle pivoted to said upper jaw forward of said central pivot, a friction locking-pin extending through said extension and operating bar or handle, a suitable slot or frictional bearing-surface for said pin to work on made in one of said parts, substantially as described.

3. In self-locking pliers, the combination of an upper jaw, a lower jaw with an extension rearwardly projecting therefrom, a central pivot to hold said jaws together, an operating bar or handle pivoted to said upper jaw forward of said central pivot, with means for automatically locking said operating-bar and said lower jaw in any desired position against any force applied to the front ends of the jaws to open them, substantially as described.

4. In self-locking pliers, the combination of a pair of plier-jaws held together by a central pivot, an operating bar or handle pivoted to the upper jaw before said central pivot, a pin-and-slot connection between said operating-bar and the lower jaw back of said central pivot, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this th day of January, A. D. 1901;

MATTI-IEXV M. I-IOVVLAND.

In presence of- BENJ. ARNOLD, EDGAR S. MARSH.

US4557101A 1901-02-01 1901-02-01 Locking-pliers. Expired - Lifetime US682701A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5152497A (en) * 1991-05-13 1992-10-06 Timberline Northwest, Inc. Squeeze-off clamp
EP0507014A1 (en) * 1990-03-21 1992-10-07 Vernon J.G. Ford, Jr. Self-locking tool
JP2567526B2 (en) 1991-04-05 1996-12-25 ヴァーノン・ジェイ・ジー・フォード・ジュニア Self-locking tool
US6427565B1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2002-08-06 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Parallel grip plier
EP1284176A2 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-02-19 Geza Genz Pliers
US20030167882A1 (en) * 2000-05-12 2003-09-11 Eric Chauffeteau Reducer pliers
US6662690B1 (en) 2002-06-20 2003-12-16 Lisle Corporation Pliers for clamping a hose or tube

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0507014A1 (en) * 1990-03-21 1992-10-07 Vernon J.G. Ford, Jr. Self-locking tool
JP2567526B2 (en) 1991-04-05 1996-12-25 ヴァーノン・ジェイ・ジー・フォード・ジュニア Self-locking tool
US5152497A (en) * 1991-05-13 1992-10-06 Timberline Northwest, Inc. Squeeze-off clamp
US20030167882A1 (en) * 2000-05-12 2003-09-11 Eric Chauffeteau Reducer pliers
US6427565B1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2002-08-06 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Parallel grip plier
EP1284176A2 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-02-19 Geza Genz Pliers
EP1284176A3 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-09-07 Geza Genz Pliers
US6662690B1 (en) 2002-06-20 2003-12-16 Lisle Corporation Pliers for clamping a hose or tube

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