US515302A - de normanville - Google Patents

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US515302A
US515302A US515302DA US515302A US 515302 A US515302 A US 515302A US 515302D A US515302D A US 515302DA US 515302 A US515302 A US 515302A
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belt
waist
parts
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41CCORSETS; BRASSIERES
    • A41C1/00Corsets or girdles

Description

(mam W, L. DE NORMANVILLE.

WAIST BELT. No. 515,302. Patented Feb. 20, 1894.

3 sheetsesheet 1.

(Model '3 Sheets-Sheet. 2;

W. L. DE NORMANVILLE.

- WAIST BELT.

1%., 515,302. 0 Patented Feb. 20, 1894.

(Modem 3 Sheets-Sheet 3..

W. L. DE NOR'MANVILLE.

WAIST BELT.

No. 515,302. Patented Feb. 20, 1894.

\VILLIAM LOUIS DE NORMANVILLE, OF LEAMINGTON, ENGLAND.

WAIST-BELT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Lettems Patent No. 515,302, dated February 20, 189 1.

Application filed December 20,1892. Serial No. 155,796. (Model) Patented in England September 16, 1891, No. 15,684; in

France December 15,1892,1 I0. 226,410; in 'Belgium December 1892 No. 102,561: in Germany December 1 1892] 70,080: in Italy December 31, 1892, LXV, 140; in Spain February 18, 1893, No. 14,062, and in Austria-Hungary June 21 1893, No- 64345 and No.10,916.

To all whom it weary concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM LoUIs DE NORMANVILLE, civil engineer, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, residing at No. 6 Clarendon Crescent, Learnington, in the county of Warwick, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in Waist-Belts, (for which I have obtained Letters Patent in Great Britain and Ireland, No. 15,684, dated September 16, 1891; in France, No. 226,410, dated December 15, 1892; in Belgium, No. 102,561, dated December 15, 1892; in Germany, No. 70,080, dated December 15, 1892; in Austria-IIungary, No. 64,345 and No. 10,916, dated June 21, 1893; in Italy, LXV, 140, dated December 31, 1892, and in Spain, No. 14,062, dated February 18, 18.93,) of which the following is a specification.

According to this invention, waist belts, are so constructed that when applied they control the form of the figure or waist, causing an alteration in the form thereof, and reducing it at the sides, while allowing its expansion at those points where the extra size is not of so much moment or so perceptible, namely, at the front and back, the circumference remaining approximately the same, and

= no inconvenience or injurious effect being produced on the wearer. The Waist is reduced at the sides or in transverse diameter by causing a localized pressure at the sides and thus a figure or wasit which is not round is changed into one that approximately is so. On the other hand, tightening an ordinary beltwould reduce the diameter from the front to back at the same time with the transverse diameter, so that a reduction of a given amount in the transverse diameter would not be obtained in most. persons without a reduction approximating three times that amount in the circumference.

In the drawings which illustrate my invention I show several forms by which the effect herein specified is produced.

The same letters of reference are used throughout the views of the drawings to denote the same, like or equivalent parts wherever they occur.

Figurel isaplan illustrating diagrammatically a waist belt according to this invention;

and Fig. 2 shows the belt by itself. Fig. 3 is a plan, illustrating diagrammatically, a slightly different form of belt. Fig. 4 is a similar view of another form of belt. Fig. 5 is a side view of the form of belt illustrated in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 a plan of one part of stillanother form of belt; Fig. 7 an elevation of a ladys figure with my improved belt applied thereto. Fig. 8, is a detail view, illustrating a portion of a belt fluted or corrugated to give strength to the belt, as hereinafter described. Fig. 9 is a plan view of one of the metallic or spring parts of the belt, built up of two or more superimposed pieces of spring metal of different length, for the purpose of adding strength to the belt. Figs. 10 and 11 illustrate elevations of modified forms of the metallic parts of the belt. Fig. 12 is an elevation of one part of the belt showing the springs or metallic pieces, used in multiple.

In Fig. 1, a designates metallic portions of the belt; 12. represents diagrammatically the form of waist when ordinary belts or corsets are worn (which I call the natural form); and 0 represents diagrammatically the form of waist produced by the application of my belt, that is, approximately circular.

The parts a in Figs. 1 and 2 consist of flat or slightly curved springs of steel, or other suitable material, of convenient width and thickness, say about three-fourths inch wide, the thickness at the center being about 20 British imperial wire gage; the strength however being a matter ofpersonal taste accord ing to the amount of reduction of transverse diameter desired.

In Fig. 1, the springs a are straight and tapered down in thickness from the center toward both ends, to obtain stiffness or the greatest strength in the center, (the parts required to press with greatest pressure upon the sides of the waist) and to give the desired local compression and reduction. 6 are bands on the ends of thesprings 0t,0l16 or two of which have buckles a, through which the ends of the others are passed. On drawing the belt together round the waist the ends of the springs a will be drawn toward each other, back and front, till they assume a curved form, and together with the other parts of the belt, lie close too back and front.

against the body. By the construction and form of the springs in their natural condition, it will be evident, as already stated, that their tendency is to press locally with greatest strength on each side of the waist, and that the pressure decreases gradually toward the In this construction, and also in all those specified, the side stiff parts a of the belts are of a form externally tangential to the natural curveof the sides of the waists of persons. The transverse diameter of the waist is thereby reduced, while the front to back diameter is increased, so that the waist approximates the more pleasing circular form without reduction of circumference, and withoutinconvenience or injury to the wearer. The bands I) may be made of leather, woven web, or suitable textile or other material, and may entirely cover the metallic parts 6;, or go outside or inside same, from end to end, and be sewed or otherwise suitably fastened thereto; or they may be fastened to each end of the metallic parts instead of being continuous. usually put on over the corset, and thereby not only reduce the transverse diameter of the waist at the parts where the springs lie but transmit the circumferentially localized pressure vertically through the bones of the corset, thereby producinggraduated pressure on each side of the waist, starting from the maximum at the smallest part of the waist and diminishing upward and downward, resulting in an approximately circular form at the waist, and a graceful and pleasing expansion upward and downward therefrom.

The parts orsprings ain Figs. 1 and 2 may be of the same width throughout, but thickest in the center, and tapering away, as shown, toward both ends. Or, they may be of the same thickness throughout and reduced. toward the ends in width, or in quantity of material, or graduated in effective strength in any other suitable way-such for instance as in the manner set forth with reference to Figs. 9, 10, and 11 hereinafter described.

Fig. 2 shows a beltsimilar to that in Fig. 1,

in its natural form (11. 8. off the waist) when drawn up and buckled together at a point about'which it would reach if applied to the waist circumference; .that is, its circumference as fastened is equal to that of the waist shown in Fig. 1. There is, however, in this belt, a slight modification as to form, viz., the extremities of the springs a are slightly turned inward. The construction is provided in order to prevent the extremities or points of the springs from standing away from the figure and producing corners or an irregularity of form in the waist. This feature may be applied in any casewhere it may be deemed desirable or necessary, whether the parts a be of spring construction or rig-id, as hereinafter described, and whether curved or straight.

Referring now to Fig. 3, the belt shown These belts are therein is constructed with rigid or approximately rigid metallic parts a; a, externally tangential to the natural curve '17. of the figure, the same efiect however being produced as by the springs shown in Figs 1 and 2. In this case the rigid metallic parts a a are formed toa tangential curvature of larger radius than that of the curve at the sides of the waist to be produced, viz. rather larger radius than the circular curve 0, to allow for slight bending. In the figure this radius is designated a while the radius of the curve of the sides of the natural waistis designated n, and that of the circular curve 0'.

In the modification shown in Fig.4 the belt is made out of a continuous piece of steel spring fastened together at its ends bythe stud o, fitting into apertures c in the other end of the belt.

The parts a which are re-- quired to exercise the greatest pressure upon the sides of the waist may be thicker or wider I and therefore stronger than the other parts. In Fig.5 a similar belt is shown extended in a straight line, the parts a which exert the' special local pressure being in this case of the same thickness but wider than the other 1 parts. l/Vhen the endsof such a belt arefastened together the greater resistance of the parts Ct to bending causes the belt to assume,- when off the waist, a form or curvature substantially as shown in Fig. 4. When fastened on the waist, the tendency of the belt to re-- tain its elliptical form produces and maintains the special local pressure at the sidesof the A waist, producing the effects above specified. A belt of equal strength of material throughout its length, but curved to the form shown 1 before tempering, will give similar effects.-

The belt shown in Fig. 6 is composed of metal strips with bands I), but in this case the metal which must be spring metal, such as steel, or rolled brass, is of equal section T throughout, and is formed with a-graduated curve, as shown, toward the ends, the central part being straight or nearly so (or even convex to the figure).

The springs or pieces a, of" belts, may be made strong by making them fluted-or corrugated in form, as shown in cross section in I Fig. 8. In such cases the fiuting or corrugation may be gradually reduced in depth or length from the center to near both ends, by which construction the stiffness or strength thereof is graduated, the object and effect of which is hereinbefore stated. To some forms of figure this point or feature may be important, as, for instance, for short waisted persons. As regards stiffness or strength, however, this may be obtained and graduated in different ways. graduating the thickness of metal as in Fig.

The most simple is that of i 1, and that in Fig. 9 in which the metal spring part a is shown built up of two or more-superimposed pieces of spring metal, of different length. Or again, the width may be graduated, the thickness'being constant as shown in Figs. 10 and 11. Or again, the effective pressure exerted may be graduated by forming the parts a to different or graduated curvature, such as shown in Fig. 6.

In Figs. 10 and 11 the ends of the pieces a are left of full width; this is done to avoid pointed ends and possible penetration of the belt or clothes thereby.

In Fig. 11 the triangular spaces marked 7?. are formed in the springs a. by cutting out pieces of this form, thereby reducing gradually the efieetive width and strength.

In Fig. 12 the springs or stiffening pieces a are shown used in multiple. This constructibn is suitable for application to broad belts in or to which the parts a may be sewed or otherwise fastened. In such cases the springs would preferably be narrow, say from onefourth to one-half inch wide, placed one above the other as shown.

In Fig. 7 is shown a vertical front elevation of a ladys figure with a belt according to this invention applied. The full lines 0 at the waist represent the figure as produced by the belt which is assumed to be applied over the ordinary corset, while the natural transverse width of the waist wearing an ordinary corset of the same waist measurement or circumference without myimprovements is represented by the dotted lines 01.

My figure improving belts may be used or worn either under or over the outer dress, and the parts a may be made of any suitable material in lieu of metal; and attached to garments in any convenient or desired manner.

What I claim is- A waist. belt substantially as herein described, consisting of side parts a, front and back parts I), and a fastener to fasten the belt when on, said side parts being adapted to lie on the side of the waist and of extra stiffness so that they resist bending to the curve of the waist in greater degree than the front and back portions; whereby when the belt is applied and fastened the superior resistance to bending of said side parts of the belt exerts loeally-at the sides of the waista greater pressure than is exerted by the other parts of the belt upon the front and back, redueing the transverse diameter of the waist and altering its form without reduction of its circumference; for the purposes specified.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two witnesses.

WILLIAM LOUIS DE NORMANVILLE.

Witnesses:

O. NowELL,

82 Rcmelagh Terrace, Leamington.

W. G. THORNTON,

56 Clarendon Street, Lea'rm'ngton.

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