US445880A - waenant-oreon - Google Patents

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US445880A
US445880A US445880DA US445880A US 445880 A US445880 A US 445880A US 445880D A US445880D A US 445880DA US 445880 A US445880 A US 445880A
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trigger
hammer
spring
breech
block
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/06Feeding of unbelted ammunition using cyclically moving conveyors, i.e. conveyors having ammunition pusher or carrier elements which are emptied or disengaged from the ammunition during the return stroke
    • F41A9/09Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines
    • F41A9/10Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging
    • F41A9/13Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane
    • F41A9/16Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A9/17Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm
    • F41A9/18Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines pivoting or swinging in a vertical plane which is parallel to the barrel axis mounted within a smallarm feeding from a tubular magazine under the barrel

Description

(No Model.) WARNANTJJREON. 3 SheetsSl1eet 1.
BREEOH LOADING GUN.
No. 445,880. PatentQiI-eb. 8, 1891.
(No Model.) 3 SheelzsSheet 2. I J. WARNANT-OREON.
BREEOH LOADING GUN Patented Feb. 3
ATTORNEYS.
(No Model.) J. WARNANT GREON. 3 Sheets--Sheet 3.
BREEGH LOADING GUN.
Patented Feb. 3,1891.
ATTORNEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JULIE1\ IVARNANT-OREON, OF HOIGNEE-CHFJRATTE, BELGIUM.
BREECH-LOADING GUN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 445,880, dated February 3, 1891.
Application filed April 1, 1890. Serial No. 346,150.
(No model.) Patented in Belgium October 4, 1889 No. 87,986 in France February 13, 1390. No. 203,765 in England February 17, 1890, No. 2,543 in Germany February 20, 8 in ItalyFebruary 24,1890,N0. 27,029/154, and in Austria-Hungary February 24, 1 890,191 9,624 and No. 26,712.
T0 at whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, J ULIEN WARNANT- CREON, a subject of the King of Belgium, and residing at I-Ioigne-Chratte, Belgium, have invented a new and Improved Magazine Fire- Arm, (which is patented in France, dated February 13, 1890, No. 203,765; in Great Britain, dated February 17, 1890, No. 2,543; in Bel gium, dated October 4,1889, No. 87,986; in Italy, dated February 24, 1890, No. 27,029/ 154; in Austria-Hungary, February 24, 1890, No. 9,624 and No. 26,712, and in Germany, February 20, 1890, No. 53,995,) of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification.
The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved magazine fire-arm, which is simple and durable in construction, Very effective in operation, self-loading and selfcocking, and automatically ejects the empty cartridge-shell.
The invention consists of a bolt arranged in the casing and which is pushed back by the entrance of the cartridge, and when the breech-block is in line with the barrel proper the bolt, being acted upon by a lever controlled by the trigger, pushes the cartridge into the barrel and becomes fixed or locked by a locking-bar engaging a transverse notch in the bolt, which latter contains the firingpin, and also forms the abutment at the base of the cartridge at the time of the dischar e.
The invention further consists of a projection on the trigger which effects the closing of the breech and simultaneously sets the hammer at full-cock, it being held in this position by an independent sear arranged behind the trigger and released only when the trigger is pulled back far enough to operate it, the mainspring of the trigger then being in full tension.
Theinvention further consists of an ejector, which is of the usual construction, except that it is operated by a side lever and a spring, which is suddenly released when the free end of the breech-block falls sufficiently to clear the barrel.
The invention also consists of certain parts and details and combinations of the same, as will be hereinafter fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forminga part of this specification, in which similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improvement with parts of the extracting mechanism removed. Fig. 2 is a sectional side elevation of the same with the breech-block in a lowermost position. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the bolt containing the firing-pin. Fig. 4 is an inverted plan view of the breech-block. Fig. 5 is an end view of the same. Fig. 6 is a face View of the extractor. Fig 7 is an end view of the trigger. Fig. 8 is a side elevation of part of the extracting mechanism. Fig. 9 is a similar view of the same in a different position; and Fig. 10 is a side elevation, the ejecting mechanism being shown in its relation to the other mechanisms.
The improved magazine fire-arm is provided witha suitably-cnstructed casing A, in the front end of which are fixed the barrel 0 and the magazine M, one located above the other. In the magazine M is arranged a spiral spring M, provided with a thimble M anda button M which extends through a slot in the side of the magazine and serves to move the thinnble outward when filling the magazine with cartridges. When released, the thimble M by the action of the spring M, serves to move the cartridges into the casing-A.
The breech-block B, provided with a longitudinal aperture, is pivoted at B in the casing A, and is adapted to register at its front end opening with the barrel O and the magazine M. A spring B, secured in the casing A, presses against the under side of the said breech-block near its pivot-pin, so as to hold the said breech-block in alowermost position, as illustrated in Fig. 2, in order to receive a cartridge from the magazine M.
In the longitudinal aperture of the breechblock is fitted to slide a bolt V, which supports the firing-pin 1V, and is pressed rearward by the entrance of a cartridge into the opening of the breech-block. The mechanism of the lock or action is provided with a trigger D, having the form of a detent and supporting a spring P, which acts on the 11ammer E, fulcrumed loosely on the pivot 0f the trigger D. The latter is always returned to its normal position (shown in Fig. 2) by the action of a spring D, secured in the casing A. Vhen the trigger D is in its normal position, the catch 1 of the sear G engages the notch 2 of the hammer E and holds it back, while the trigger D is actuated for raising the breech-block 13. As the trigger D is actuated t causes the spring P to approach the resisting-point of the hammer E, which is at the end of the branch 3, so thatthe spring is compressed, as shown in Fig. 1. The contact of the trigger with the end a of the sear disengages the latter from the hammer E, so that said hammer is free to be acted on by the previously-compressed spring 1, whereby the hammer swings upward and forward and strikes the pin \V in the bolt V. By the turn ing movement of the trigger D its end 5 comes in contact with the lower face of the breechblock B, which is thus raised into the position shown in Fig. 1, so that its longitudinal opening, which contains the cartridge, stands in line with the barrel C.
A pivot is arranged in front of the trigger D, and on it is held a lever H, the upper end S of which is adapted to engage the bolt V, and is also provided with a sliding shoulder 7 adapted to be operated on by a nose 6, formed on the trigger D. \Vhen the said nose 6 of the lever engages the shoulder 7, the lever H is thrown forward, so that the latter carries the bolt V in the same direction, whereby the cartridge is pushed into the barrel 0. The return of the bolt is obtained by the action of the trigger I) on the tail end of the said lever H.
The closing is secured by an elbow piece F, pivoted on the breech-block B near its rear end at F, so as to permit the piece F to swing up and down. A transverse bar is formed on this elbow-piece F and occupies the whole thickness of the block, in which is formed a corresponding slot for its reception. The closing piece F swings upward when engaged by the shoulder 9, formed on the upper end of the trigger D, and the said transverse bar enters and fills the slot F of the bolt V, so as to fasten it securely, to form a good resistance to withstand the shock of the discharge.
The extractor T is arranged in the form of an L-shaped lever, and is provided at its upper end with a fork, between the prongs of which the cartridges from the magazine M can pass, the prongs extending in the rear of the flange of the cartridge, so that the extractor can withdraw the cartrid ge-casin g after the discharge.
The lower end of the extractor T is pro vided with a block 10, adapted to be engaged by the end 11 of a hammer J of the ejector mechanism. (Shown more fully in detail in Figs. 8 and 0.) The ejector mechanism is provided with the hammer J, a detent or catch K, and a double spring J, each branch of which acts 011 one of the parts J or K. The entire ejector mechanism is mounted on a cover-plate, which is fastened by two screws X and X over the open side of the casing A. A lug L projects from one side of the trigger D, and is adapted to engage the hammer J of the ejector mechanism at 12, so as to move the said hammer-lever J to its set position, asshown in Fig s 8 and 10,when the trigger D is pulled back. \Vhen the spring D returns the trigger to its normal position, the lug L abuts againstthe end 18 of the detent K and in Fig, 2, the cartridge-shell has just been drawn out of the barrel C by the extractor T and rests on top of the breech-block B, and the latter is in its lowermost position and receives a cartridge from the magazine M, pressed into the longitudinal aperture of the breech-block and moving the bolt V into the rearmost position. \Vhen the operator now presses the trigger D rearward, the breechblock B is swung upward by the upper end of the trigger and at the same time the bolt. V is shoved forward by the action of the said trigger on the lever H, which, by its arm 8, engages the said bolt. The latter is locked in place, as previously described, and the cartridges in the magazine M are locked in place by the extractor T. Now, when the operator presses the trigger D back still farther, the sear G is acted on by the said trigger and releases the hammer E, which swings'upward and forward by the action of the spring P, so that the firing-pin W is struck and the arm is discharged. As soon as the operator releases the pressure on the trigger D the spring D forces the same into its normal position, so that the breech-block is free to swing downward, the empty shell of the cartridge is extracted, as previously described, and a new cartridge passes into the breech-block B,so that the arm is again ready to be loaded and tired on pressing the trigger.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patcnt 1. In a magazine lire-arm, a movable breechblock having a cartridge-receiving aperture, a bolt sliding in said aperture to throw the cartridge into the barrel and form an abut: ment therefor, a locking-bar pivoted to the breech-block to engage said bolt when it is thrown and lock it against retraction, and a firing-pin carried by the said bolt, substantially as described.
2. In a firearm, the combination,with a trigger having a spring for returning it to its normal position, of a firing-hammer in the path of and brought to the full-cock by the rearward movement of the upper part of the trig- ICC ger and released by the rearward movement of the lower part of the trigger, substantially as described.
3. The combination, with a trigger pivoted between its ends and having a spring for returning it to its normal position, of a firinghammer in the rearward path of the upper end of the trigger and brought to the fullcock thereby, a spring carried bythe trigger, engaging the hammerto throw it, and a scar behind the trigger and in the rearward path of its lower end and holding the hammer at. fullcock, substantially as described.
4:. The combination,in a magazine fire-arm provided with a vertically-movable breechblock having a cartridge-receiving aperture and carrying the firing-pin, of a trigger pivoted between its ends, with its upper end engaging the lower side of the breech-block to throw it upward, a spring for returning the trigger to its normal position, a sear behind the trigger in the path thereof, a firing-hammer in the rearward path of the upper part of the trigger and thrown thereby into en gagement with its sear, and a hammer-operating spring carried by the trigger and compressed when the trigger is pulled, substantially as described.
5. The combination, with a magazine-gun provided with an ejecting mechanism, and a swinging breech-block apertured for the cartridge and carrying the firing-pin, of a hammer, a trigger having a spring for returning it to its normal position andsimultaneously throwing the hammer rearward to the fullcock, a' sear in rear of the trigger and holding the hammer cocked till struck by the trigger, a hammer-operating spring carried by the trigger and engaging the hammer, and a projection on the trigger to operate the ejecting mechanism, substantially as described.
6. In a fire-arm, the combination, with a pivoted trigger and a firing-hammer mounted on the same pivot, of a spring for returning the trigger when released to its normal position, the said hammer projecting into the rearward path of the upper part of the trigger and brought to the full-cock thereby, a sear engaging the hammer when retracted and projecting into the rearward path of the lower part of the trigger, and a hammer-operating spring mounted on the trigger and compressed to throw the hammer by pulling on the trigger, substantially as set forth.
7. In a magazine fire-arm, the combination, with a spring-pressed pivoted trigger and a spring held on the same, of a pivoted breechblock adapted to be moved upward by the said trigger, a hammer fulcrumed loosely on the pivot 0f the said trigger and adapted to pass into the said breech-block by the action of the said spring on the trigger, and afiring-pin heldin the said brcech-b1ock and adapted to be engaged by the said hammer, substantially as shown and described.
8. In amagazinefire-arm, the combination, with a swinging breech-block provided with a longitudinally-sliding bolt to seat the cartridge and form an abutment therefor, of a trigger pivoted between its ends and engaging the lower side of the breech-block with its upper end to raise it when said end is thrown forward, and alever pivoted between its ends in front of said trigger and engaging the said bolt with its upper end, said trigger when pulled engaging the upper half of the lever and throwing it and the return movement of the lower half of the trigger striking the lower part of the lever to retract the bolt, substantially as set forth.
9. In a fire-arm, the combination, with the pivoted ejector, of a spring-pressed lever or hammer J,into the path of which the said ejector projects, a detent K for holding said hammer retracted or set, and atrigger for releasing the said detent, substantially as set forth.
10. .In a fire-arm, the combination, with the main operating-trigger pivoted between its ends and having a spring for throwing it into normal position, of an ejector pivoted in front of the upper end of the trigger, a pivoted lever or hammer, the front end of which is adapted to operate the said ejector, a pivoted detent engaging the rear end of said lever or hammer to hold it set, a spring bearingat its ends on the said hammer and its detent, and a projection on the upper part of the main trigger to set the said hammer when the triggeris pulled and release the detent when the trigger is returned by the spring to its normal position, substantially as set forth.
11. The combination, in a magazine-gun having a vertically-swinging longitudinallyapertured breech-block provided With a sliding cartridge-projecting bolt forming an abut-- ment and provided with a firing-pin, of an ejecting mechanism, a trigger having a proj ection to operate said ejecting mechanism, a spring returning the trigger to its normal position, a lever in front of the trigger to throw the said bolt when the trigger raises the breech-block and retract the bolt when the trigger is released and the block descends, and a hammer brought to the full-cock by the trigger when the latter is released and released by pulling the trigger, substantially as described.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 3d day of March 1890.
JULIEN WARNANT-CREON.
Witnesses:
E1). WERVIN, O. DASSY.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4109557A (en) * 1977-04-06 1978-08-29 Zaucha Charles D Gas rifle
US4986019A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-01-22 Olin Corporation Industrial shotgun
US5038507A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-08-13 Olin Corporation Industrial shotgun
WO1994012841A1 (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-06-09 Olin Corporation Autofire mechanism for industrial guns

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4109557A (en) * 1977-04-06 1978-08-29 Zaucha Charles D Gas rifle
US4986019A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-01-22 Olin Corporation Industrial shotgun
US5038507A (en) * 1989-10-30 1991-08-13 Olin Corporation Industrial shotgun
WO1994012841A1 (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-06-09 Olin Corporation Autofire mechanism for industrial guns
US5325760A (en) * 1992-12-03 1994-07-05 Olin Corporation Autofire mechanism for industrial guns

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