US461182A - Frank a - Google Patents

Frank a Download PDF


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US461182A US461182DA US461182A US 461182 A US461182 A US 461182A US 461182D A US461182D A US 461182DA US 461182 A US461182 A US 461182A
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    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/46Trigger safeties, i.e. means for preventing trigger movement


No Model.) n 2 Sheets-Sheet 1..
No. $1,182. v 1"; /"I,
Y m i v1 '(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2,
110. 461,182. Patented 001.1111891.
the trigger is pulled to tire the gun, the movementifof the same will withdraw the slided the pin, where it will remain` until the firingpin is forced back bythe opening ofthe breech of the gun, when the spring will at the same time that the hammer is cocked lforce le end of the slide again beneath the head of the tir- Ving-pin, and thus lock the pin against'forward movement and secure the gun against accidental discharge when again loadedha y If found convenient,a spring may be made to operate directly upon the slide d instead of upon the trigger, and the same results will be secured. l
This construction, acting automatically without the intervention of manual power on the part of the user, I prefer to term the automatic safety or locking device.
I have in this instance shown the hammer and triggerwith certain peculiarities of construction to co-operate with other devices, and these features can be applied to the form of such devices which is selected for the lock of the fire-arms. These features constitute a manual stop or safety device which holds the parts absolutely from movement.
Below the extensions e of the triggers E, I place the slide G, which moves ina guiding recess and is supported in position by the pin g, on which the slide moves. The upper edge or end of the slide G is provided with notches g g', and they are so arrangedA that when the slideis moved in one direction to the full extent of its movement the notches g g come beneath the extensions c e of the triggers, and the triggers can then be moved and the gun tired; but when the slide is moved toits full extent in the opposite direction the project-y ing parts of the slide or safety device come beneath the extensions e e and hold the trigy gers from all movement.
The automatic safety device serves to prevent the accident-al discharge of the gun when in use between the time of loading and dis' charging the gun. When, however, the user desires to transport the gun from one place to another, the slide G is brought into operation by moving it by hand,so as to bring the ele vated portion beneath the extensions, and the parts of the lock are then held against all possibility of movement until released by the re verse movement of the slide.
'lhe-three-armed lever F and slide F also constitute another manual safety device whose operation will be readily understood; but such device forms rno part of the invention claimed therein, as it is fully described and claimed in my patent, No. 446,166.
I prefer to give the hammer a face of considerable extent, as shown, and to promote the slide d with the projection f. This projection is so located thatlwhen the slide isin itshighest position, it the hammenshould be thrown forward without depressing the trigger, the lower part of the operative face of the xhammer .wpuld come in contact with said l projection and the hammer bearrested' before.
reaching a position inwhich it would engage the. firing-pin. Thus two devices are provided, either of which'would prevent the accidental releasing of the hammer or hammers ,from actuating the firing-pin.
In Fig. 3 I have shown another method of 0perating the slide d. In this modification apart ot' the hand-grasp is slotted, and a spring-lever I is pivoted therein, as has been done heretni fore. A lever J is pivoted at some suitable point, as atj, and has its forward end engaging the aperture' d2 in the slide d and its rea" end in contact with tho lever I.. A spring j is provided to hold the lever J in contact with the lever land thus keep the forward end of the lever J and the slide d inv an elevated position except when the pressure is applied by the hand of the user to the lever I. The actuating device is in both of these cases a lever, and the operations are substantially the same, except that one is automatically operated in the act of firing and the other is not.
In Fig. 6 I have shown a modification of the construction of automatic safety devices. In this figure the recess in the breech-block is considerably enlarged, and a bush b is inserted in the forward end of this recess, said bush having an aperture for the forward end of tiring-pin, whiehisof small size. /The rear end of the firing-pin is enlarged teilt loosely within the recess in the breech-block, and this portion ot' the pin is provided with aslot c2, in which is pivoted the bell-crank lever csfor locking the pin. The rear end of this lever has a horizontal slot c, which is engaged by a piu projecting from the slid'e d3, turn connected with' the trigger manner as the slide described. The spring of the trigger tends to keep the forwardly-extending arm ot' the 1ever c3 in the position shown in Fig. 6, in which position it engages with an inwardly-project ing portion of the brush b and locks the pin. Should the hammer be thrown forward by accident, the lever c3 would receive the force of the blow and .hold the pin from being impelled against the cartridge. W'hen, howin the same IOO IOS
ever, the trigger is pressed backward to lire the gun, the slide d3 will elevate the forward end ot' the lever above 'the projection of the bush engaged thereby, and the firing-pin will then be at liberty to be impelled by the hammer in 'the usual manner.
In Fig. the tiring-pin is iliade a little longer than in the other instances and is provided with a projection c, extending at one or both sides of the pin. Between this projection c4 and the breech-lock a collar c5 is loosely mounted on the pin. The sideof the collar adjacent to the projection c4 is provided with a recess adapted to receive that proj ection when turned into alignment therewith. A pin c5 at one side of the collar is engaged by the slide d", connected as in the other constructions with the trigger. The spring of the trigger normally holds the recess in the collar ci out of alignment with the projection c4, and thus locks it, so that when the hammer is thrown forward the collar intercepts the force of the blow and prevents the discharge of the gun; but when the trigger is pressed in the act of iiringthe collar is turned until its recess is brought into alignment with the projection c4, as shown in Fig. 7, in which position the pin c is free to be driven forward by the hammer to discharge the gun in the usual way. Vi'hen the breech of the gunis opened, the pin c is forced back, and the spring ofthe trigger turns the collar, so that its recess is out of alignment with the projections ci, and the pin will be again locked and held againstmoveinent unless the trigger is again pressed in the act of firing.
'.lhe devices which I .inployto connect the cooking-lever and the barrels of the gun are shown in Figs. Il, 4, and 5. rlhe cooking-lever l?. is pivoted in a slot in the breech-blockand extends to the rear of the same to engage the hammers F. rlhe barrels are provided on the under side with a rigid lug L, which-is slotted vertically, as shown inFigsS and and the forward end or the cooking-lever is provided `with a hook k to engage with the hooked end o link'iii, pivoted in the slot in the lng L.
(in the iront side ot' this hook M is a recess which receives the end of lthe longer arm oi' the swing N. This arm ot the spring is iliade et' suoli length that it normally presses against the bottom oi'l `the recesses 071y and tends to throw the hook M into the position shown innfull lines in Fig. 'lhe shorter end of thespring N is engaged by the rod or pin o, which is mounted to slide in an apertu re in th'e'lug L forward of the slot in which the springfbT and hook M are placed.- This rod 0r pin extends forward in an upwardly` inclined direction to a point just beneath'the barrels, where it is in .position to be engaged and forced backward by the t'ore end O when that device is secured in its proper positiom VfJhen this has been effected, the spring N is caused to take a position Aappl-tutimately that shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, causing the outer end of the long arm ot' the spring to press downwardly andv rearwardly upon the hooked link, causing it to engage with the hook on the front end of the cooking-lever. When it. n; desired to remove the barrels and the fore end O is removed preparatory there- 'r the rod or pin o is released, and the spring and th r nook M resume the position shown in full es, thereby releasing the barrels lfrom eng(` ement with the cooking-lever.
'lhe me W I employ for holding the fore-end place is the spring l), secured to the fore-end and engaging with the notch p inthe lug P', secured to the barrels, all in a well-known way. I provide the pin or rod o with a T-shaped head, which is beveled, as shown in Fig. 4, for afunction in connection with the fore-end retaining devices just described. lVhen the barrels are separated from the stock, it is desirable in packing the gun in its case to have the fore-end retained in position on the barrels. The retaining device and the rod or pin o, with its beveled T-head, and the spring N enable this to be done, as by placing the rear end ot the foreend upon the inclined "i"-head or rod o and the lug I the pressure of the spring N forces the rod forward against the under side of the rear portion of they fore-end with 'sufficient force to hold the fore end in.. .place upon the barrels. v
In order to provide indicators 'which shall enable the user of the gun to see at any inoment if the automatic safety device is working, so as to secure the results desired, I may provide the slides d with the extensions (ZX, which extend upward to the exterior of the gun through proper openings in rear of the breech-block. When this construction is cinployed, the heads ot' the pins C are cut away on the side adjacent said extensions, so that the pin can be forced forward the proper distance to effect the discharge of the gun. Thilo I have shown this construction as applied to only one forni ot' my invention, it is to be understood that it may be applied to all the forms shown, if desired.
Instead of extending to the top ofthe breechblock, the slide might be provided with a projection extending through the side of thelockrecess, as shown at the right Fig. 0.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. Inga fire-arm, the combination, with the breech-Block, ofthe firing-pin movably mounted therein and a movable device for locking said pin against forward movement, substantially as described.
L. In a fire-arm, the combination, with the breech-block,of thefiring-pin movablymounted therein, a movable device for locking said pin against forward movement, and a leve.
extending to the ontsidb of the stock, said lein, with the inovably lo- :aiety device ting device,
consisting of a movable part. interposed between a portion of the firing-pin -and aportion of the breech-block to lock the firing-pin against forward movement and operatively yconnected with the trigger for movement therewith in the act of firing, as described. I
5. In a fire-arm, the combination, with the breechblockland the firing-pin movably l0- cated therein, of an automatic safety device for holding the tiring-pin outot operative relation with the fulminate of the cartridge, consisting of a movable part located between a portion of t-he firingpin and the front face of the breech-block, said movable part being substantially Aconnected with the trigger for movement therewith in the act of firing, substantially as described.
6. In a fire-arm, the combination, with the breech-block and tiring-pin movably located therein, of an automatic safety device con-l sisting of a movable part normally located between a part of the firing-pin and a portion of the breech-block and connected with the trigger for movement therewith in the act of tiring, substantially as described.
7. In a fire-arm, the combination, with the breech-block and the firing-pin movably located therein, havinga part extending over a portion of the breech-block adjacent to said pin, of a movable part normally located between such part of the pin and the breechblock and connected with the trigger, where- -bysaid movable part is withdrawn from between the piu and breech-block in the act of firing, snostantially as described.
8. In a tire-arm, the combination, with the breech-block and a'firing-pin m ovabl y located therein, having a part extending over a part. of the breech-block adjacent thereto, o'f the slide normally extending between such part' ably therein, of an automat-ic' safety device consisting of a slide interposed between the firing-pin and breech-block, having a projection lying ii. the path of the iinpelling devices, and the trigger operatively connected with said slide, substantially as described.
ll. In a tire-ar1n,the eon1bination,with the breech-block and a tiring-pin movably mounted therein, of an automatic safety device for said firing-pin, connected for operation with the trigger, and a 'safety deviceadapted to be Aoperated by hand for preventing all movementof the trigger and automatic safety dey vice, substantially as described.
12. In a tire-arm, the combination, with the trigger, of a slide mounted to move transversely of the stock, having the notched edge adjacent to said triggerwhereby said trigger,
lever, of the hooked link having a recess therein, the two -armed spring having its v longer arm engaging the bottom of the said recess, the pin engaging the short arm of Said spring, and the fore-end engaging said pin,
substantially as described.
15. In the tire-arm, the combination, with the pin movably mounted in the barrel-lug, having the beveled forward end, of a spring operating therewith, the fore-end, and the re taining-spring therefor, substantially as de'` scribed.
16. In a firearm, thc combination, with the I barrels, of the link and spring, the pin movably mounted in the barrel-lug, having the beveled forward end, the fore-end, and the retaining-sprin g therefor, substantially as described. 17. In a tire-arm, the combinationfwith the barrels, of the link, the spring, thepin movably mounted in the barrel-lug, having at its IOO forward end a T-shaped head beveled on its upper side, the fore-end, and the retainingspring therefor, substantially as described.
18. In a lire-arm, the combination, with'the breech-block, of a tiring-pin movably mounted therein, an automatic safety device therefor, and an indicator connected with said safety device, substantially as described.
19. In a tire-arm, the combination, with the breech-block, of a tiring-pin movably mounted in the breech-block, a movable part connected with the trigger for controlling the operation of the firing-pin, and an indicator connected with said movable' part, substantially as de scribed.-
20. In a fire-arm, the combination, with thc breech-block, of a firing-pin movably mounted therein, a slide connected with the trigger controllin g the operation of the tiring-pin, said slide being provided with a projection extending to the outside of the' gunstock, substantially as described.
2 l. In a breech-loading fire-arm, the combi nation, with the breech-block and the headed firing-pin, of the slide provided with an indicator extending to the outside of the gun- 1 aen-1812 5 stock, apait of said slide extending between In testimonywheieqf Ia-tx my signature in the head of said pin and the breech-block, the' presence Of tw witnesseS.
hammer the trigrer operatively-connected Y with eai slide, th barrel, the cooking-lever, FRANK A HOL'LENEECK' nud devices operatively connecting said cock- Witnesses: y *,i .inglever and barrel, substantially as de- Y L. P. WHITAKER,
scri. ed.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120090450A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-04-19 Steyr Mannlicher Holding Gmbh Cocking And Uncocking Mechanism For A Firearm

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120090450A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-04-19 Steyr Mannlicher Holding Gmbh Cocking And Uncocking Mechanism For A Firearm
US8464456B2 (en) * 2009-06-30 2013-06-18 Steyr Mannlicher Holding Gmbh Cocking and uncocking mechanism for a firearm

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