US3912441A - Compressing roll in rotary power compression molding machine - Google Patents

Compressing roll in rotary power compression molding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
US3912441A
US3912441A US43183674A US3912441A US 3912441 A US3912441 A US 3912441A US 43183674 A US43183674 A US 43183674A US 3912441 A US3912441 A US 3912441A
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Prior art keywords
compressing roll
peripheral surface
punch
compressing
head
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Expired - Lifetime
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Yasuo Shimada
Giichiro Kowada
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Yasuo Shimada
Giichiro Kowada
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/02Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space
    • B30B11/08Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses using a ram exerting pressure on the material in a moulding space co-operating with moulds carried by a turntable
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/804Capsule making

Abstract

A compressing roll in rotary powder compression molding machine having an elastic substance, such as rubber or the like, attached to a part of a peripheral surface of a compressing roll body that contacts with each punch head, thereby pressing the punch little by little and also releasing it little by little.

Description

United States Patent 1191 Oct. 14, 1975 Shimada yet 131'.

[54] COMPRESSING ROLL IN ROTARY POWER COMPRESSION MOLDING MACHINE [76] Inventors: Yasuo Shimada; Giichiro Kowada, both of 104, Minamikamiai Nishinokyo, Nakakyo, Kyoto, Japan 22 Filed: Jan. 8, 1974 21 Appl. No.: 431,836

Related U.S. Application Data [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 314,851, Dec. 13, 1972,

abandoned.

[52] U.S. Cl. 425/348; 425/261; 425/804 [51] Int. Cl. B29c 3/00 [58] Field of Search 425/261, 804, 348, 361

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,875,471 3/1959 Crowther 425/349 2,881,475 4/1959 Wilckens 425/809 X 2,973,555 3/1961 Schwepke.. 425/324 X 3,135,019 6/1964 Aichel 425/125 3,431,598 3/1969 Lueddc'ke et al. 425/348 X 3,633,245 1/1972 Partos 425/261 X Primary ExaminerRobert L. Spicer, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or FirmGe0rge B. Oujevolk [57] ABSTRACT A compressing roll in rotary powder compression molding machine having an elastic substance, such as rubber or the like, attached to a part of a peripheral surface of a compressing roll body that contacts with each punch head, thereby pressing the punch little by little and also releasing it little by little.

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures US. Patent Oct. 14,1975

' RELATED u.'s. APPLICATION Continuation application of Ser. No. 314,851, filed Dec. 13, 1972, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTTON The present invention relates to a compressing roll in a rotary powder compression molding machine, and more particularly to a compressing roll in a rotary powder compression molding machine having an elasticsubstance, such as rubber or the like,attached to a part of a peripheral surface of a compressing roll body that contacts with each punch head.

As is well known, the rotary powder compression molding machine is a machine for producing mold goods shaped like tablets of medicines, foodt'stuffs, agricultura l chemicals, electrical parts, industrial chemicals; etc., being so designed that each punch is lifted and lowered from above and under a number of dies provided in the turntable, and with the rotation of the turntable the die is filled-with powder, which is compressed with the compressing roll disposed in the compression position by pressing said punch, then discharging the mold goods produced. This operation is repeated'cyclically and thus mold goods is produced one after another.

' In such a molding machine, when the punch begins to be pressed by the compressing roll, that is, when the punch, which has been moved tothe compression position by the rotation of the turntable, contacts with the compressing roll, the punch and the compressing'roll receive violent impact, and'then the punch is suddenly pressed by the compressing roll until it comes to the maximum compression position, and after it has passed the maximum compression position, it is suddenly released, thus it has such great disadvantages that the time thepowder is kept compressed, namely compression time,"is very short, and that the condition of compression is very bad. I

For the above reasons the punches and the compressing roll get worn, make loud impact noises, and the mold goods produced is apt to be of inferior quality and liable to cause capping, etc.

OBJECTS OF INVENTION kept compressed is prolonged, and consequently it is pression molding machine wherein an elastic sub-' stance, such as rubber or the like, attached to a part of a peripheral surface of the compressing roll body can be easily replaced when worn.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION I Briefly, the present invention is an improvementj'on conventional compressing roll in, a rotary powder compression molding machine, having an elastic substance,

such as rubber or the like, attached to a part of a peripheral surface of a compressing roll body that contacts with each punch head, and so designed that, before said punch contacts. with a compressing roll body of said compressing roll, it contacts with said elastic substance, and then after said punch has left the compressing roll body it keeps contacting with said elastic substance for a while. I

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The nature and object of the invention will be more fully apparent from the following detailed description of preferred embodiment thereof, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an elevation showing in relation with an upper punch a form of a compressing roll in'a rotary powder compression molding machine embodying the present invention, I

FIG. 2 is a side elevation showing the condition of contact of said compressing roll with the upper punch,

and I FIG.3 is an elevation showing a modified form of the compressing roll ina rotary powder compression molding machine embodying the present invention. I

DETAILED DESCRIPTION A preferred embodimentof the compressing roll in a rotary powder compression molding machineof the present invention is illustrated in FIGS. l and2 of the drawings.

Referring to FIG. 1, a turntable 1, an upper punch holding block 2 and a lower punch holding block 3 are formed in one unit, which can rotate round a shaft- 4 which runs through a holein the center of said one unit. Said unit of turntablel, etc. is rotated ata uniform speed by a worm wheel 5 provided on a periphery of said lower punch holding block 3 meshing with a worm 6 which is driven by a prime mover.

Upper punches 7 run through the holes made in the upper punch holding block 2 along a circumference at proper intervals. Likewise, lower punches 8 run through the holes made in the lower punch holding block 3 along a circumference. Said turntable 1 has a dies 9 in it, and into this dies a projection of said upper punch 7 and a projection of said lower punch 8 are inserted from above and under respectively.

A compressing roll 10 is disposed in compression position, and by this compressing roll 10 said upper punch 7 is pressed downward, thereby compressing and molding powder.

Said compressing roll 10 is so constructed that a part of a peripheral surface 13 of a compressing roll body 12 having in its center a shaft 11 running through it is notched annularly, and in this notched portion is attached with screws 16 a metallic ring 15 having an elastic substance 14 attached on its periphery so as to form one body. The peripheral. surface of said elastic substance 14 is a little raised from said peripheral surface of said compressing roll body 12.

In the drawing, 17 is the head of said upper punch and 18 is a guide rail of said upper punch.

Referring to FIG.2, FIG. a shows the upper punch 7 just beginning to contact with the compressing roll 10, that is, the head 17 of the upper punch 7 contacting with the elastic substance 14 of the compressing roll 10. FIG. b shows the upper punch 7 in the maximum compression position, the head 17 of the upper punch 7 contacting with the compressing roll body 12 of the compressing roll and the elastic substance 14. FIG. c shows the upper punch 7 just before it leaves the compressing roll 10, with the head 17 of the upper punch 7 contacting with the elastic substance 14 of the compressing roll 10 just as in FIG. a.

In operation, when the turntable 1 rotates, the upper punch 7 contacts with the compressing roll 10 in the order of FIG. a, FIG. b and FIG. 0, and is pressed by the compressing roll 10. In the position shown in FIG. a, the upper punch 7 contacts with the elastic substance 14 of the compressing roll 10, but it does not contact with the compressing roll body 12, so that the upper punch 7 and the compressing roll 10 do not receive impact, and consequently they neither get worn nor make any loud noises.

Next. in the process from the position shown in FIG.a to the position immediately before that shown in FIG. b, the upper punch 7 keeps being pressed little by little by the elastic substance 14 of the compressing roll 10; consequently compression time is prolonged and the condition of compression is improved.

In the position shown in FIG. b, the upper punch 7 contacts with the elastic substance 14 which has been deformed under maximum compression load and the compressing roll body 12, and is pressed by the peripheral surface of the compressing roll body 12. Lastly, in the process from the position immediately after that shown in FIG. b to the position shown by FIG. c, the upper punch 7 is released little by little while being pressed by the elastic substance 14 of the compressing roll 10, so that time of compression is prolonged and the condition of compression is improved accordingly.

Another embodiment of the compressing roll in a rotary powder compression molding machine of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 3.

Referring to FIGS, a compressing roll 20 is so constructed that an annular groove 24 is provided on a part of a peripheral surface 23 of a compressing roll body 22 having a shaft 21 in its center, and to this annular groove 24 is attached an elastic substance 25, just like a ring in the case of oil seal. The peripheral surface of said elastic substance 25 projects a little from the peripheral surface of said compressing roll body 22.

Although the invention has been particularly shown and described, it is contemplated that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the following claims. Therefore, the compressing roll in the rotary powder compression molding machine according to this invention, like a preferred embodiment of the invention, can be used not only as a compressing roll for the upper punch, but also as a compressing roll for the lower punch. Further, the compressing roll of this invention may be, like the above-mentioned preferred embodiment, one whoseshaft is either horizontal and rotated uninclined, or one whose shaft is not horizontal and rotates inclined.

We claim:

1. The improvement in a compressing roll for a powder compression machine whereinthere is a shaft (4), a turntable (l) with a punch block '(2) disposed for rotation on said shaft, drive means (5, 6) for rotating said turntable and, at least first and second punches disposed on said turntable outward from said shaft said punches including an elongated member journaled in said block (2) for up and down stroke movement parallel to said shaft (4) die means (9) engaged by said punch in said down stroke movement, a head (17) on said punch and a circular guide rail (18) disposed at an angle to said shaft to engage said head (17) raising and lowering said punch as said head travels along said guide rail, said improvement in said compressing roll comprising having said compressing roll (10) disposed to tangentially engage said head (17) as said punch reaches said rail lowering position said compressing roll (10) having a peripheral surface (13) with elastic means thereon, said elastic means prolonging the tangential period of contact between said compressing roll and said head (17). v

2. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein said elastic means is formed in one body with a metal ring, and attached to a notch formed on a peripheral surface of the compressing roll, a peripheral surface of the elastic means being raised a little from the peripheral surface of said compressing roll.

3. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein said resilient means is attached to an annular groove formed on a peripheral surface of the compressing roll, a peripheral surface of said resilient means being raised a little from a peripheral surface of said compressing roll body.

Claims (3)

1. The improvement in a compressing roll for a powder compression machine wherein there is a shaft (4), a turntable (1) with a punch block (2) disposed for rotation on said shaft, drive means (5, 6) for rotating said turntable and, at least first and second punches disposed on said turntable outward from said shaft said punches including an elongated member journaled in said block (2) for up and down stroke movement parallel to said shaft (4) die means (9) engaged by said punch in said down stroke movement, a head (17) on said punch and a circular guide rail (18) disposed at an angle to said shaft to engage said head (17) raising and lowering said punch as said head travels along said guide rail, said improvement in said compressing roll comprising having said compressing roll (10) disposed to tangentially engage said head (17) as said punch reaches said rail lowering position said compressing roll (10) having a peripheral surface (13) with elastic means thereon, said elastic means prolonging the tangential period of contact between said compressing roll and said head (17).
2. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein said elastic means is formed in one body with a metal ring, and attached to a notch formed on a peripheral surface of the compressing roll, a peripheral surface of the elastic means being raised a little from the peripheral surface of said compressing roll.
3. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wheRein said resilient means is attached to an annular groove formed on a peripheral surface of the compressing roll, a peripheral surface of said resilient means being raised a little from a peripheral surface of said compressing roll body.
US3912441A 1972-12-13 1974-01-08 Compressing roll in rotary power compression molding machine Expired - Lifetime US3912441A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4988275A (en) * 1987-04-27 1991-01-29 Firma Wilhelm Fette Gmbh Rotary pelletizing machine
US5032071A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-07-16 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Material sensing assembly in a rotary press
US5044916A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-03 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Support assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012954A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A material feed control assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012947A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A feed assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012956A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A connecting assembly in a rotary press
EP0839638A2 (en) * 1996-10-30 1998-05-06 KORSCH PRESSEN GmbH Method of manufacturing the head surface of a punch cooperating with a cylindrical pressure roller in a rotary press and punch obtained according to the method
US20030072799A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-17 Sowden Harry S. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US7635490B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2009-12-22 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Modified release dosage form
US7838026B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2010-11-23 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Burst-release polymer composition and dosage forms comprising the same
US8114328B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2012-02-14 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Method of coating a dosage form comprising a first medicant

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2875471A (en) * 1953-09-11 1959-03-03 Collins M Crowther Rotary molding machine
US2881475A (en) * 1956-02-24 1959-04-14 Crown Cork & Seal Co Apparatus for applying plastic liners to closures
US2973555A (en) * 1955-09-09 1961-03-07 Agustin Mesa Rotary press for fabrication of buttons and plastic articles
US3135019A (en) * 1961-06-22 1964-06-02 Ernest O Aichele Machine for applying sealing liners of thermoplastic material to bottle caps or the like
US3431598A (en) * 1966-07-20 1969-03-11 Eastern Target Co Inc Machine organization for manufacturing target discs
US3633245A (en) * 1969-04-28 1972-01-11 Packaging Research Corp Apparatus for making and dispensing coherent masses of a bulk material

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2875471A (en) * 1953-09-11 1959-03-03 Collins M Crowther Rotary molding machine
US2973555A (en) * 1955-09-09 1961-03-07 Agustin Mesa Rotary press for fabrication of buttons and plastic articles
US2881475A (en) * 1956-02-24 1959-04-14 Crown Cork & Seal Co Apparatus for applying plastic liners to closures
US3135019A (en) * 1961-06-22 1964-06-02 Ernest O Aichele Machine for applying sealing liners of thermoplastic material to bottle caps or the like
US3431598A (en) * 1966-07-20 1969-03-11 Eastern Target Co Inc Machine organization for manufacturing target discs
US3633245A (en) * 1969-04-28 1972-01-11 Packaging Research Corp Apparatus for making and dispensing coherent masses of a bulk material

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4988275A (en) * 1987-04-27 1991-01-29 Firma Wilhelm Fette Gmbh Rotary pelletizing machine
US5032071A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-07-16 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Material sensing assembly in a rotary press
US5044916A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-03 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Support assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012954A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A material feed control assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012955A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A support assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012947A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A feed assembly in a rotary press
WO1991012956A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-05 Nabisco, Inc. A connecting assembly in a rotary press
US5066211A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-11-19 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Material feed control assembly in a rotary press
US5141425A (en) * 1990-03-01 1992-08-25 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Connecting assembly in a rotary press
EP0839638A2 (en) * 1996-10-30 1998-05-06 KORSCH PRESSEN GmbH Method of manufacturing the head surface of a punch cooperating with a cylindrical pressure roller in a rotary press and punch obtained according to the method
EP0839638A3 (en) * 1996-10-30 1998-12-30 KORSCH PRESSEN GmbH Method of manufacturing the head surface of a punch cooperating with a cylindrical pressure roller in a rotary press and punch obtained according to the method
US6056532A (en) * 1996-10-30 2000-05-02 Korsch Pressen Gmbh Process for manufacturing the head surfaces of dies cooperating with cylindrical pressure rollers for rotary presses and die manufactured according to this process
US20030072799A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-17 Sowden Harry S. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US20040126425A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2004-07-01 Sowden Harry S. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US20040137057A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2004-07-15 Sowden Harry S. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US6767200B2 (en) * 2001-09-28 2004-07-27 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US7323129B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2008-01-29 Omj Ireland Limited Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US7361006B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2008-04-22 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dosage forms
US7635490B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2009-12-22 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Modified release dosage form
CN101032446B (en) 2001-09-28 2010-09-29 麦克内尔-Ppc股份有限公司 Device for generating dosage forms
US7838026B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2010-11-23 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Burst-release polymer composition and dosage forms comprising the same
US8114328B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2012-02-14 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Method of coating a dosage form comprising a first medicant
US8673190B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2014-03-18 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Method for manufacturing dosage forms

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