US380636A - Ledge - Google Patents

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US380636A
US380636A US380636DA US380636A US 380636 A US380636 A US 380636A US 380636D A US380636D A US 380636DA US 380636 A US380636 A US 380636A
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Prior art keywords
gate
lever
latch
posts
post
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/08Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings
    • E05B65/0811Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings the bolts pivoting about an axis perpendicular to the wings
    • E05B65/0823Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings the bolts pivoting about an axis perpendicular to the wings cooperating with the slide guide, e.g. the rail
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/20Brakes; Disengaging means, e.g. clutches; Holders, e.g. locks; Stops; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/218Holders
    • E05Y2201/22Locks

Description

(No Model.)
J W. RUTLEDGE.
\ GATE. No. 880,636. Patented Apr. 3, 1888.
INVENTOR: Md 2/ BY MM Zgi ATTORNEYS.
WITNESES extended at I beyond the hinge-post.
llnrrn Sterne Pnrniv'r @rrrcn.
JOl-l-N VFILLTAM RUTLEDGE, OF SHANNONDALE, INDIANA.
GATE.
SPECIFICATION ionizing par; of Letters Patent No. 386,636, dated April 3,1888.
Application filed October 11, 1887.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, Jenn WILLIAM RUT- LEDGE, of Shannondale, in the county ofMontgonlery and State of Indiana, liaveinvcnted a newand useful lmprovelnentin Gates,of which the following is a specification.
Myiuvention is an improvement in gates; and it consists in certain featnres of construction and novel combinations of parts, as will be hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective View of my llll1)1OVQll1 l1i ,tll8 gate proper being shown closed in full lines and open in dotted lines. Fig. 2 is a detail view of one end of the gate, showing the latch mechanism,the motion thereof being indicated in dotted lines. Fig. 3 is a detail viewof the rear upper edge of the top gate bar, showing the lever in position thereon; and Fig. 4 is a det-ailsection on about line :0 :c, Fig. 2.
The hinge-post A and the latch-post B are bolted securely to the mud-sill G, which latter is sunk into the ground and extends at its ends past the posts Aand B, as shown in Fig. 1. To the mud-sill, imniediatelyin rear of the posts, I secure the crosssills D,which extend to 0pposite sides of the mud-sills, and the posts A and B are braced firmly in position by means of strut-braces a, which extend from the posts to the mudsills and the cross sills, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.
On the inner face of the latchpost 13,1 provide,usually by means of a cleat, b, a notch,E, to receive the point of the latch, presently described, and similar notches are provided on posts F, placed alongside the roadway or ap proach to the gate, and on opposite sides of the latter. I also provide pulley-supporting posts G,which serve as guides for the operating-cords g, which are passed over the guidepulleys of the posts G and depend therefrom at one end, having such ends provided with knobs orhand-liolds,whicli maybe shortchains, if desired. The gate proper, H,is hinged atone end to the hinge-post A, and has its top balyh, The
latch Jis movable at one end past the swinging edge of the gate, being supported in suitable guides, and being actuated by coil-spring j,which serves to force the latch normally out- Serial No. 252,094. (No model.)
ward to enter the notches E of the latch-post or of the posts F.
To the gate below the latch I pivot one end of a lever, K, which extends up past and engages said latchusuall y by being pivoted thcreto and projects up ward above the gate, extending preferably through a keeper-slot,7c, the walls of which operate to guide and properly limit its movement. To the upper end of this lever is connected a wire, rod,or cord, L, preferably a wire, as shown, which extends along the top of the gate toward and past the hinge thereof, and is connected at its opposite end with the main arm in ofatriple armed or Y-Shaped lever, M.
The guides Z, provided on the gate for the connection L, insure the movement of such connection in a straight line and in line with the top of the gate. This construction avoids any drawing of the upper end of lever K to either side by the turning of lever M on its pivot, and thus renders the operation of the latch easy and certain, as will be seen. It will be readily understood that if the connection between the lever K and the lever M were not guided and held in line with the top of the gate the movement of the arm at of lever M to one side or the othcr'would operate in a measure to draw the upper end of lever K to one or the other side, causing the said lever K,in a measure,to bind, and to such extent impeding its action.
The lever M has the main arm at and the branches or arms m diverging at equal angles from the main arm, and the lever is pivoted at the juncture of its said arms to the rear extension,l,of the gate. The operating-cords 9 connect with the branches m, the several parts being arranged as clearly shown in Fig. 1.
The triple-armed lever is especially desirable, the rear branches, mm,projecting to opposite sides and connecting with the cords g on such sides. By reason of these two arms,it will be seen that whether one or the other of the branches m be drawn upon it will first tilt the lever M slightly to open the latch,whieh slight movement will bring the branch m into line with the connection y, when drawing on said cord will not operate further to turn thelever, except such slight turning as results from the lever so as to first move the latch out of the.
notch E of the latch-post, and then turn the gate on its hinge, when it will move open in the direction away from the approaching person, and, when at its extreme open position will engage, by its latch,with and be held by the post F. By drawing on the operating-cord on the oppositeside of the gate it will be moved to the closed position and be held by the notch of thelatch-post. It will be seen that whether the person approach the gate from one side or the other it will open away from him, as is desired.
Manifestly while the connection between the main arm of the triple-armed lever and the latch is effected through the intervention of the lever K such lever might be omitted without departing from some of the broad features the hinge or pivotal center thereof, and having arm m, and arms m m, diverging from the rear end of arm m, the angles of both said arms m m to the arm m being approximately the same, a connection, L, uniting the arm at with the latch, and operating-cords connected with the arms m, substantially as set forth.
2. The, combination of the gate, hinged or pivoted and provided with a rearwardly-projected extension, the latch, the triple-armed lever pivoted on the rear extension of said gate, the connection between the main arm of said lever and the latch, and the operatingcords connected with the branches of said lever, substantially as set forth.
3. The combination of the gate having a rear extension, I, and provided with guides for the latch, thelatch movable in said guides past the swinging edge of the gate, the lever pivoted to the gate below the latch, extended up past and engaged with the latch and projected,
JOHN l/VILLIAM RUTLEDGE.
Witnesses:
O. D. SHANNON, W. H. BURROUGHS.
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