US557584A - johnson - Google Patents

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US557584A
US557584A US557584DA US557584A US 557584 A US557584 A US 557584A US 557584D A US557584D A US 557584DA US 557584 A US557584 A US 557584A
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gate
post
bar
sheaves
latch
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B11/00Means for allowing passage through fences, barriers or the like, e.g. stiles
    • E06B11/02Gates; Doors
    • E06B11/04Gates; Doors characterised by the kind of suspension
    • E06B11/045Gates; Doors characterised by the kind of suspension exclusively for horizontally sliding gates

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
J. H. JOHNSON. GATE.
No. 557,584. Patented Apr. '7, 1896.
I (No Model.) 2 Sheets"-Sheet '2.
J. H. JOHNSON.
GATE. No. 557,584. N Patented Apr. 7, 1896,;
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHANNES H. J OHNSON, OF NORTH CAPE, \VISGONSIN.
GATE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 557,584, dated April '7, 1896.
Application filed February 11,1895. Serial No. 537,844. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Beit known that I, J OHANNES H. J OHNSON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of North Cape, in the county of Racine and State of Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gates; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof.
My invention has for its object to provide a simple and economical gate that may be opened or closed either adjacent thereto or at a distance therefrom and which will remain in either position until the proper action is had to reverse the same, the means for operating the gate from a distance being especially designed for the convenience of persons n1ount ed on horses or vehicles.
In view of the foregoing, said invention consists in certain peculiarities of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter set forth with reference to the accompanying drawings and subsequently claimed.
in the drawings, Figure l is a perspective View of my improved gate and its actuating mechanism; Fig. 2, a plan view in horizontal section, taken on line 2 2 of the succeeding figure; Fig. an elevation, certain of the parts being broken away and in section; and Fig. 4, a detail view illustrating the means for varying the elevation of the gate between its posts.
Referring by letter to the drawings, A rep resents a gate of any suitable and usual construction except to matters of specific detail herein pointed out.
One end of the gate is provided with parallel horizontal eyes I), that loosely engage vertical rods or guides 0, having rectangular ends driven or set in a post 13, these eyes and rods constituting hinges for said gate. Another post C opposite the one B is provided with a flange (Z, against which the gate closes, and a yoke D embracing the upper hinge-eye of said gate has a vertical shank 6 provided with a rectangular end engageable with re cesses in said post B in order that the eleva tion of said gate between the aforesaid posts may be varied,this being an important feature when there is snow on the ground.
One of the gate-bars E is held against vertical displacement by means of upper and lower guide-pins f, but is free for movement in a longitudinal direction, and a vertical spring-rod F on the gate engages an eye g projecting from said bar, although some other form and arrangement of spring maybe substituted for the one herein shown and described.
The spring F holds the bar E in normal projection beyond the free end of the gate, and a stop 7L on said bar operates to limit the throw of the same against the resistance of said spring.
The inner corner of the post C farthest from the flange (Z thereof is beveled, and a portion of the bevel is protected against wear by a sheet-metal shield G, the latter being at an elevation on said post corresponding to the height of the bar E in the gate. The face of the post C intermediate of the flange and.
beveled corner is provided with a keeper or recess i for the engagement of the bar E above specified, this bar beinghereinafter designated by the term latch-bar, and it will be understood that said post-flange serves as a stop to prevent swing of the gate in other than one direction.
Extending at right angles from the gate, adjacent to its upper hinge, is a bracket H, and fast on the outer extremity of this bracket is an arm I, that extends in opposite directions therefrom and is joined at one end to said gate at a point about midway between the longitudinal extremes of the same. (Jonnected to the free end of the arm I, above and below the same, are sheaves J K for flexible runners ill Nsuch as cords, wires, or chains joined to each other ahead of said sheaves the latter runner being also joined to the latch-bar above specified.
The flexible runner M extends from the sheave J in the direction of one approach to the gateway and turns on a triangularly-arranged series of sheaves P Q R, connected to a post S at some distance from the one, B, on the line of said approach. The sheaves P R are on opposite sides of the post, at the top of the same, and the sheave Q is on said post below the former sheaves, but on the inter mediate face of the latter. From the sheave R the flexible runner extends back through a block T, swiveled to a beam U, supported by the post B and another post V on the line of the aforesaid approach to the gateway, after which said flexible runner is joined to the lower flexible runner N, the latter being run from the sheave K in the direction of the other approach to said gateway'and turned on another series of sheaves P Q R, connected to a post W at a suitable distance from the one, B, on the line of the last-named gatewayapproach, this latter series of sheaves being arranged like those aforesaid. From the sheave R on the post IV the flexible runner N extends back through another swiveled block T on the beam U and connects with the former of said flexible runners.
From the foregoing it will be seen that a pull on one vertical run of either of the flexible runners M N, according to the direction from which the gateway is approached, will draw the latch-bar out of engagement with the recess "6 in the post 0 and cause the gate to swing open. In full open position the spring rod F engages with a catch 7' projecting at right angles from a diagonal brace 7t, joining the beam U and post V, but any yielding latch mechanism may be employed instead of the spring-rod and catch.
To close the gate at a distance from the gateway, the other vertical run of either flexible runner M N nearest the operator is pulled, thus relieving the latch-bar from the catch and causing said gate to swinghome, the beveled corner of thepost C causing a yield of said latch-bar in order that it may again come into engagement with the recess '5 aforesaid.
The angle of the arm I is proportionate to the weight of the gate, and thus the latter is caused to swing easily on its hinges in either direction.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination of a hinged gate having a loose spring-controlled longitudinal bar operating as a latch, a keeper arranged on a gatepost for the engagement of the latch-bar, a lateral bracket at the hinge end of the gate, a horizontal arm connecting the gate and bracket, sheaves on this arm above and below the same, two series of sheaves in triangular arrangement on posts distant from the gateway in opposite directions therefrom, a beam supported parallel to the gateway-approaches, swivelblocks on the beam, and flexible runners that being united to each other and the latch-bar are reevedthrough the arm an d post sheaves then returned through the swivelblocks and again united.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand, at North Cape, in the county of Racine and State of IVisconsin, in the presence of two witnesses.
JOIIANNES II. JOHNSON.
\Yitnesses:
JOHN A. JACOBSON, THOMAS ADLAND.
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