US3684174A - Rotating atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus - Google Patents

Rotating atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US3684174A
US3684174A US3684174DA US3684174A US 3684174 A US3684174 A US 3684174A US 3684174D A US3684174D A US 3684174DA US 3684174 A US3684174 A US 3684174A
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shell
atomizer
rotating atomizer
plane
flattened
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Georg Wilhelm Bein
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Georg Wilhelm Bein
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B5/00Electrostatic spraying apparatus; Spraying apparatus with means for charging the spray electrically; Apparatus for spraying liquids or other fluent materials by other electric means
    • B05B5/025Discharge apparatus, e.g. electrostatic spray guns
    • B05B5/04Discharge apparatus, e.g. electrostatic spray guns characterised by having rotary outlet or deflecting elements, i.e. spraying being also effected by centrifugal forces
    • B05B5/0403Discharge apparatus, e.g. electrostatic spray guns characterised by having rotary outlet or deflecting elements, i.e. spraying being also effected by centrifugal forces characterised by the rotating member
    • B05B5/0407Discharge apparatus, e.g. electrostatic spray guns characterised by having rotary outlet or deflecting elements, i.e. spraying being also effected by centrifugal forces characterised by the rotating member with a spraying edge, e.g. like a cup or a bell

Abstract

A rotating atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus, characterized by an open ended shell or dish having a spray edge defining a round, oval, or rounded rhombus shaped surface, when flattened, curved concavely towards the object to be coated.

Description

United States Patent Bein [451 Aug. 15, 1972 [54] ROTATING ATOMIZER FOR [56] References Cited i figggfiggg PAINTING UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,975,755 3/1961 Reindl "239/15 [72] Invemo" 323' 'fi 6 3,085,749 4/1963 Schweitzer et al ..239/15 e many 3,279,429 10/1966 Felici ..239/1 5 [22] Filed: June 11, 1970 Primary Examiner-Lloyd L. King [21] Appl' 48843 AttorneyWarren D. Flackbert Related US. Application Data l ABSTRACT [63] gg g sgzl zg A rotating atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus, characterized by an open ended shell or dish having a spray edge defining a round, oval, or rounded 2% rhombus shaped surface, when flattened, curved coni 5 239/3 l 5 cavely towards the object to be coated.
, 6 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures Akr/az r0 a (047m ROTATING ATOMIZER FOR ELECTROSTATIC PAINTING APPARATUS The present application is a streamlined continuation of the now abandoned US. patent application Ser. No. 722,782, filed Apr. 19, 1968.
The invention relates to a rotating dish-like shaped atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus, typically powered by an air or an electric explosion-proof motor. The atomizer is so mounted that its spraying edge moves in a regular and constantly changing distance about a rotation axis directed towards the object being painted or otherwise coated.
Rotating atomizers have been proposed defined as a hollow body having an elliptical cross section, such as an elliptical cone or an elliptical paraboloid. Such type of atomizer achieves a uniformity of coating which has not been attained heretofore with the use of a rotatable atomizer having a hollow body with a circular shape in cross-section, as a bell or cup, and, additionally, the working area, for an equal distance from the object to be coated or painted and an equal diameter of rotation, is greater than that of the aforesaid rotatable atomizer of circular configuration.
The aforesaid atomizer is relatively costly to manufacture, and one disadvantage thereof is that sub sequent corrections of the shape of the cross-section of the hollow body for the purpose of adjustment to attain the optimal relationship between the quantities of paint sprayed in a unit of time from the edge points furthest from the rotation axis and from those nearest to the rotation axis, are only possible to a small degree. Changes in configuration are useful, for example, with a change from-one type of paint to another. While, of course, the atomizer could be exchanged with another one better suited for a particular application, it is desirable to avoid such substitution.
In any event, the limitations of the aforesaid atomizer are obviated by the invention limitations provides a dish or shell-like surface oriented towards the object to be painted and having a perimeter spray edge which is a round, oval, or rounded rhombus shaped surface curved concavely across a diameter, preferably the greater diameter in the instance of an oval or rounded rhombus shaped surface.
The dish or shell of the atomizer is tray shaped, being open at opposite ends. The manufacture of the invention is comparatively simple, and changes of form or shape which may be needed from time to time, for different applications, are also simply accomplished.
An additional characteristic of the invention is that if the curve of the shell surface, expecially in the region of the smallest distance from the spray edge to the axis of rotation, is increased towards such spray edge, then the movement of paint towards the spray edge in this region will be increasingly slowed. Such measure serves, with a relatively low shell-profile (through the furthest from the rotation axis and from those closest to the rotation axis.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention, the shell surface across the small diameter is curved slightly to assume a convex configuration.
It is of essential importance that from each spray edge point-pair lying on the same diameter line through the atomizer, a quantity of paint is sprayed out in a unit of time which is proportioned to the size of the object surface passed over by the spray edge point-pair in question, providing an even and uniform coating of the surface, in a more effective manner than arrangements in use heretofore. Since the spray edge points near the 'axis of rotation are always closer to the object to be painted than those far from the rotation axis, disturbance of the electrical field is precluded.
In an arrangement where two or more shells of different sizes are used, one inside of the other and on the same axis, the spray edge of the smaller shell would, in accordance with the invention, be in an inner direction from the larger spray edge facing the object to be painted. The preceding is to avoid any disturbance of the electrical field. For such reason, and also for the purpose of fine adjustment of the work area of the combined shells, it is advantageous to provide for adjusting the distance between the spray edges along the common axis.
Another important advantage afforded by the invention is that with the use of two atomizers, one beside the other and/or one above the other, with parallel axes, there is no mutually interfering effects, in contrast to the mentioned circular type atomizers. In this connection, the distance from each other can even be lessened if the large, and, respectively, the small diameters of the two atomizers stand in pairs at a certain angle with respect to each other, preferably The preceding is quite important in actual use, as in the painting of automobile bodies, and especially the roofs thereof, which previously had been plaqued by mutual interferences between the two atomizers. The same advantages also apply to a bell shaped atomizer having an oval shaped cross section. I
The invention will become more apparent from the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein FIG. 1 is a view in end elevation of the invention, partly in vertical section, showing one configuration of the shell surface;
FIG. 2 is a view in side elevation of the shell configuration of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a view in end elevation, partly in vertical section, of another configuration of the shell surface;
FIG. 4 is another view in end elevation, partly in vertical section, showing still another configuration of the shell surface;
FIG. 5 is a view in side elevation of the shell configuration of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of an oval shell, where the broken lines show the shell plane;
FIG. 7 is a top plan view, in phantom, of another shell configuration when flattened into a single plane, in this instance defining a rounded rhombus; and,
FIG. 8 is a top plan view, in phantom, of another shell configuration, after flattening into one plane, in
this instance, round or circular.
For the purposes of promoting an understanding of the principles of the invention, reference will now be made to the embodiments illustrated in the drawing and specific language will be used to describe the same.
when flattened into a single It will nevertheless be understood that no limitation of the scope of the invention is thereby intended, such alterations and further modifications in the illustrated device, and such further applications of the principles of the invention as illustrated therein being contemplated as would normally occur to one skilled in the art to which the invention relates.
Referring to the figures, FIGS. 1 and 2 show an openended shell configuration curved symmetrically, in mirror fashion, about its principal plane of symmetry (being the long diameter inthe instance of an oval or rounded rhombus), namely, defined by, in part, circular portions having centers of radius 7a and 7b. As a matter of background, while the overall spraying apparatus is not disclosed for reasons of clarity, the paint or other coating material passes through a hollow axial opening 6 which extends through a mounting shaft 5. Such is true in each alternative shell configuration, where, and also not shown, an air or electrical explosionproof motor serves to rotate the shell.
The invention configuration of FIG. 3 is comparable to that of FIG. 1; however, an open-ended shell form in the cross-sectional shape of a half ellipse is provided. The preceding is accomplished through radius points 7a, 7b, and 7c. The side elevation view of FIG. 2 also represents the side elevation of the invention embodiment of FIG. 3.
FIG. 4 illustrates an open-ended shell curved in a circular shape in cross-section, where the radius point 7a achieves such end results. The corresponding side view of the invention embodiment of FIG. 4 is shown in FIG. 5. In this instance, the distance along the axis between the points of the spray edge nearest the axis of rotation and the points furthest from the axis of rotation are greater than the invention embodiments of FIGS. I and 3.
FIGS. 6 and 7 show top plan views of the shell of the invention, where, in FIG. 6, the oval shell is flattened into a single plane. Another outline of shell flattened into a single plane, in FIG. 7, has the shape of a rounded rhombus. Additionally, the shell may have the aforementioned circular shape (not shown), when flattened, with associated open ends, and any of the crosssectional characteristics of FIGS. 1, 3 and 4.
From the preceding, it should be understood that the invention affords highly effective uniform spraying of large areas, and the invention embodiments disclosed herein should be considered illustrative, and not as limiting the scope of the following claims.
I claim:
1. In electrostatic coating apparatus, a rotating atomizer having a spray edge which moves in a regular and constantly changing distance about the axis of rotation comprising a shell having symmetrically curved laterally extending side walls defining a concave surface which faces towards an article to be coated.
2. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell is circular if flattened into a single plane.
3. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell is oval if flattened into a single plane.
4. The rotating atomizer of claim I where said shell is a rounded rhombus if flattened into a single plane.
5. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell defines a semi-circle in a lateral plane through said curve.
6. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell defines a half ellipse in a lateral plane through said curve.

Claims (6)

1. In electrostatic coating apparatus, a rotating atomizer having a spray edge which moves in a regular and constantly changing distance about the axis of rotation comprising a shell having symmetrically curved laterally extending side walls defining a concave surface which faces towards an article to be coated.
2. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell is circular if flattened into a single plane.
3. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell is oval if flattened into a single plane.
4. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell is a rounded rhombus if flattened into a single plane.
5. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell defines a semi-circle in a lateral plane through said curve.
6. The rotating atomizer of claim 1 where said shell defines a half ellipse in a lateral plane through said curve.
US3684174D 1970-06-11 1970-06-11 Rotating atomizer for electrostatic painting apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3684174A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881653A (en) * 1971-12-22 1975-05-06 Vitek Research Corp Powder deposition system
US20040069877A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-04-15 John Schaupp Bell cup skirt
EP1502655A2 (en) 2003-07-29 2005-02-02 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder bell with secondary charging electrode
US20050023385A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Kui-Chiu Kwok Powder robot gun
US20050056212A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-03-17 Schaupp John F. Split shroud for coating dispensing equipment
US20050173556A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-11 Kui-Chiu Kwok Coating dispensing nozzle
US20080149026A1 (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-06-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Coating material dispensing apparatus and method
US20090001199A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-01 Kui-Chiu Kwok Powder gun deflector
US20090008469A1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2009-01-08 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Spray device having a parabolic flow surface
US20090020626A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-22 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Shaping air and bell cup combination
US20090140083A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-04 Seitz David M Repulsion ring
US20090255463A1 (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-10-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Splash plate retention method and apparatus
US20090314855A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Vector or swirl shaping air

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2975755A (en) * 1957-09-30 1961-03-21 Gen Motors Corp Electrostatic paint spray apparatus
US3085749A (en) * 1957-07-23 1963-04-16 Schweitzer Electrostatic Compa Electrostatic spray heads
US3279429A (en) * 1962-04-25 1966-10-18 Sames Sa De Machines Electrost Spray-coating apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3085749A (en) * 1957-07-23 1963-04-16 Schweitzer Electrostatic Compa Electrostatic spray heads
US2975755A (en) * 1957-09-30 1961-03-21 Gen Motors Corp Electrostatic paint spray apparatus
US3279429A (en) * 1962-04-25 1966-10-18 Sames Sa De Machines Electrost Spray-coating apparatus

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881653A (en) * 1971-12-22 1975-05-06 Vitek Research Corp Powder deposition system
US20040069877A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-04-15 John Schaupp Bell cup skirt
US6889921B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2005-05-10 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Bell cup skirt
EP1502655A2 (en) 2003-07-29 2005-02-02 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder bell with secondary charging electrode
US20050023385A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Kui-Chiu Kwok Powder robot gun
US20050023369A1 (en) * 2003-07-29 2005-02-03 Schaupp John F. Powder bell with secondary charging electrode
US7128277B2 (en) 2003-07-29 2006-10-31 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder bell with secondary charging electrode
US20050056212A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-03-17 Schaupp John F. Split shroud for coating dispensing equipment
US20050173556A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-11 Kui-Chiu Kwok Coating dispensing nozzle
US8104423B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2012-01-31 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Coating material dispensing apparatus and method
US20080149026A1 (en) * 2006-12-21 2008-06-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Coating material dispensing apparatus and method
US20090001199A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-01 Kui-Chiu Kwok Powder gun deflector
US8888018B2 (en) 2007-06-29 2014-11-18 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder gun deflector
US8371517B2 (en) 2007-06-29 2013-02-12 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Powder gun deflector
US8602326B2 (en) * 2007-07-03 2013-12-10 David M. Seitz Spray device having a parabolic flow surface
US20090008469A1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2009-01-08 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Spray device having a parabolic flow surface
US20090020626A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-22 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Shaping air and bell cup combination
US8096264B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2012-01-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Repulsion ring
US20090140083A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-04 Seitz David M Repulsion ring
US20090255463A1 (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-10-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Splash plate retention method and apparatus
US10155233B2 (en) 2008-04-09 2018-12-18 Carlisle Fluid Technologies, Inc. Splash plate retention method and apparatus
US20090314855A1 (en) * 2008-06-18 2009-12-24 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Vector or swirl shaping air

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