US3461636A - Elongated structural units - Google Patents

Elongated structural units Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3461636A
US3461636A US460005A US33206465A US3461636A US 3461636 A US3461636 A US 3461636A US 460005 A US460005 A US 460005A US 33206465 A US33206465 A US 33206465A US 3461636 A US3461636 A US 3461636A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
web
chord members
pillar
units
stanchion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US460005A
Inventor
Geoffrey Benjamin Hern
Original Assignee
Geoffrey Benjamin Hern
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB23320/64A priority Critical patent/GB1080742A/en
Application filed by Geoffrey Benjamin Hern filed Critical Geoffrey Benjamin Hern
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3461636A publication Critical patent/US3461636A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C3/08Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with apertured web, e.g. with a web consisting of bar-like components; Honeycomb girders
    • E04C3/09Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal with apertured web, e.g. with a web consisting of bar-like components; Honeycomb girders at least partly of bent or otherwise deformed strip- or sheet-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2448Connections between open section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2472Elongated load-supporting part formed from a number of parallel profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0486Truss like structures composed of separate truss elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0486Truss like structures composed of separate truss elements
    • E04C2003/0491Truss like structures composed of separate truss elements the truss elements being located in one single surface or in several parallel surfaces

Description

Aug. 19, 1969 3. B. HERN ELONGATED STRUCTURAL UNITS 4 Sheets-$heet 1 F'ile d June 1, 1965 Gian /2:7 ran/1.4mm Hem! llwezvrb e 1 e 'cua r 6- ArTme/ve Y! Aug. 19, 1969 G. B. HERN 3,
ELONGATED STRUCTURAL UNITS Filed June 1, 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 V r F/G3.
Arrays?! Aug. 19, 1969 5. B. HERN 3,461,636
ELLONGATED STRUCTURAL UNITS Filed June 1. 1965 4 S1188t$$h8t 3' Games? Amara) Haw Aug, 19, 1969 e. B. HERN 3,461,536
v EFONGATED STRUCTURAL UNITS Filed June 1. 1965" 4 sheets-Sheet 4 a F/G.8.
b IIIXIIIIIlllIIIl Illlllllllllllllllllllll d [N VEMUA z awemsy ISFN-IHHIMUAWW I United States PatentO 3,461,636 ELONGATED STRUCTURAL UNITS Geoffrey Benjamin Hern, Byecroft, Bircher, near Leominster, England Filed June 1, 1965, Ser. No. 460,005 Claims priority, application Great Britain, June 5,1964, 23,320/ 64 Int. Cl. 1204c 3/08, 3/32; 'E04h 12/10 US. Cl. 52-650 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An elongated structural unit is formed by two parallel longitudinal chord members and separate web elements located between the chord members and having marginal edges which are secured to the chord members, the web element consisting of rectangular sheet metal plates with reinforcing flanges extending between and bracing opposite facing surfaces of the chord members, the web elements being staggered to provide discontinuous side Walls which alternate from side to side along the unit.
This invention relates to elongated structural units, such as, for example, beams, girders, joists, pillars and like load-bearing members, and building structures fabricated therefrom. More particularly, the invention is concerned with an improved composite construction of such structural units Which are especially suitable for forming the components of building frameworks.
According to the invention, an elongated structural unit comprises a pair of parallel, spaced-apart, longitudinal chord members interconnected by a plurality of separate independent web elements forming opposite side walls which alternate from side to side along the length of the unit, each web element being composed of a plate of which the opposite longitudinal marginal edge portions engage, and are secured to, surfaces of said chord members, said web element plates also having offset reinforcing strut parts which extend between and brace opposite facing surfaces of said chord members.
Preferably, the opposite longitudinal marginal edge portions of the web element plates engage, and are secured to, exterior side faces of the chord members so that said web elements can each be placed in position between the correctly located chord members, during assembly, by a lateral displacement.
In the accompanying drawings,
FIGURE 1 is an exploded isometric view of a beam representing one exemplary embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 2 is an isometric view of the beam of FIG- URE 1 after assembly;
FIGURE 3 is a side view of the beam shown in FIG- URE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a vertical section on line IVIV of FIGURE '3;
FIGURE 5 is a horizontal section on line V-V of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 6 is an exploded view illustrating the manner of assembly of one corner section of a building framework fabricated from beams and pillar or stranchion units in accordance with this invention;
FIGURES 7a, 7b, and 7c are diagrammatic plan views of the ends of different forms of pillar or stanchion units;
FIGURES 8 and 9 are diagrammatic views of complete two-story building frameworks assembled in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 6 from beams and pillar or stanchion units in accordance with the invention; and
FIGURE 10 is a perspective view of a modified beam in accordance with the invention.
Referring to the drawings, the beam illustrated in FIG- URES 1 to 5 has a composite constructiombeing made up of a pair of metal channel chord members 1, 1, and a plurality of separate web elements 2.
Each web element 2 is composed of a substantially square sheet steel plate 3 having longitudinal marginal edges 4, 4, and a pair of integral inwardly projecting perpendicular flanges 6, 6, along the opposite end edges. As shown, these flanges 6, 6 do not extend for the full depth of. the plates 3 but terminate at each end short of the adjacent longitudinal marginal edge 4 leaving short side lugs or ears 5 at the ends of the latter. Furthermore, each plate 3 is advantageously embossed as by swaging for example, with a substantially triangular patterning, as indicated, in order to improve the mechanical strength.
On assembly of the beam, the channel chord members 1, 1, are positioned in parallel, spaced-apart relation with the bases 7, 7, of the channels 1, 1, presented towards each other, and with the side flanges 8, 8, extending outwardly, whilst the web elements 2 are fitted between the chord members with their longitudinal marginal portions 10, 10, in face-to-face engagement with the exterior surfaces of the flanges 8, 8, to which they are secured by spot-welding, and the flanges 6, 6, fit between the tWo chord members with their ends in engagement with opposite facing surfaces of the bases 7, 7.
Successive web elements 2 are arranged alternately along the two sides of the beam to give a wandering web type of construction in which they form the opposite side walls, and in this first embodiment they are also slightly spaced apart in the longitudinal axial direction of the beam to provide relatively narrow gaps 11 (see FIGURE 3) which can serve for the transverse passage of service facilities, such as pipes and electrical wiring or for the fitting of the ends of joists or other structural members when the beams are used in the construction of building frameworks as hereinafter described.
The flanges 6, 6, of the web elements 2 are important in that they form reinforcing strut parts between the chord members 1, 1, laterally offset from the planes of the plates 3, so that the rigidity and load-bearing strength of the structure is greatly increased. Instead of being perpendicular to the plates 3, however, they may be slightly inclined outwardly, if desired, so that stacking of the separate web elements during storage and transport would be facilitated.
During assembly of beams and like members having the construction described, after positioning of the chord members 1, 1, the individual web elements 2 can be brought into position and fitted by lateral displacement from opposite sides of the structure, and this feature greatly facilitates the assembly operation and provides scope for arranging a satisfactory automated manufacturing process and mass-production methods.
Although sheet-metal, particularly steel, will often be a preferred material, the use of other materials may be advantageous in some cases and it may be possible, for example, to utilize satisfactorily a plastics material. Also, in some cases, the chord members 1, 1, may advantageously be composed of solid wooden bars having regard to the ease with which other parts may then be attached by nails, screws and like fixing means. To enable other parts to be attached by such fixing means, however, without having to rely upon wood as a main load-bearing material, chord members composed basically of metal may be fitted with Wood inserts. Projecting wood inserts may also be fitted into metal chord members primarily for the purpose of providing a cushioning or seating material for transferring compression loading forces between the structural units and other underlying or overlying parts.
Other, more complex cross-sectional for-ms of channel chord members may be used if desired, and in particular, subsidiary smaller channels or pockets may be provided for receiving wood inserts as referred to above.
Apart from simple beams, the present invention may also be applied to the construction of more complex structural units. For example beam-like structures of substantially greater depth may be built up by providing a series of parallel spaced-apart superposed chord members of which adjacent pairs are interconnected by the separate web elements as hereinbefore described. Also, pillar or stanchion units may be constructed in a manner similar to that described in my copending British patent application No. 45,866, by connecting together in angular relationship, two or more vertically-positioned beamlike structures which each comprise a pair of chord members and interconnecting separate web elements formed and assembled in accordance with the basic structure of this invention herein-before described and which form angularly disposed limbs of the pillar or stanchion unit.
Structural units in accordance with this invention may be especially useful in the fabrication of building frameworks, especially building frameworks adapted to carry substantially the whole structural load of a building as, for example, in frameworks constructed according to my co-pending British patent applications Nos. 6,547 and 15,350.
Thus, by way of example, the manner of assembly of two beams a, a, and an L-section pillar or stanchion unit b, each constructed in accordance with this invention, so as to build up a corner section of a building framework, is illustrated in FIGURE 6. Each beam a and limb c of the pillar or stanchion unit b has a construction similar to that of the beam of FIGURES 1 to 5 and, although not shown in the drawing for the sake of clarity, the web plates are preferably similarly embossed. The end portions, however, are slightly modified, terminating in end channel parts 20 extending across the ends of the chord members, and in the case of the beams a, a, the end two web plates are placed directly opposite to one another adjacent an intermediate stiffening channel part 21 which is similar to the end channel part 20 and which is spaced from the latter by a distance substantially equal to the length of one web plate.
The two limbs c of the L-section pillar or stanchion unit b are connected together at right angles to one another through an intermediate coupling bracket 22 and L-shaped end plates 23, 24, which are predrilled with bolt holes to match corresponding sets of bolt holes in the end channel parts 20 of the separate limbs. In the assembled framework, the lower end of the first-story corner pillar or stanchion unit b of each corner section is secured to a concrete foundation or footing d by holding-down bolts which register with the bolt-holes of the lower end plate 23 and of the lower end channel parts 20 of the separate limbs, and the end portions of the adjacent beams a, a, are seated upon the upper end of the pillar or stanchion unit b to which they are directly secured in located position by bolts passing through aligned holes in the base of the lower chord members and in interposed bearing pads 25, and the bolts-holes of the upper end plate 24 and of the upper end channel parts 20 of the pillar or stanchion unit limbs c.
The frameworks are built up according to a rectangular plan with a first set or pillar or stanchion units erected at the corners of one or more rectangles and a set of horizontal beams assembled so that each extends between and seats upon the top of adjacent pillar or stanchion units. Higher stories may then be built up in a similar manner from like units with the upper story pillar or stanchion units seated upon the end portions of the under lying horizontal beams which in turn are seated on the lower pillar or stanchion units so that at each corner of each rectangle, the pillar or stanchion units are all in vertical alignment and transmit the whole loading of the framework to the foundations. At each joint, the ends of the beams are preferably connected independently to each adjacent pillar or stanchion unit in the manner indicated in FIGURE 6, and together, the assembly of the pillar or stanchion units and horizontal beams form a series of complete interconnected rectangles extending throughout the structure in both vertical and horizontal planes.
Where intermediate walls are required to be incorporated in the framework, as in a semi-detached house for example, T-section pillar or stanchion units may be used which are built up in the same manner as the L-shaped corner units b and are composed of either two or three limbs similar to the limbs c, the limbs being connected together in correct relative positions by appropriate predrilled end plates of T-form. By way of illustration, of these different forms of pillar or stanchion units, FIG- URES 7a, 7b and 70 show diagrammatically plan views of the ends of an L-shaped two-limb corner unit, a T- shaped two-limb intermediate unit and a T-shaped threelimb intermediate unit respectively.
Typical completed basic frameworks composed of beam and pillar or stanchion structural units, a and b respectively, of the form herein described are illustrated diagrammatically in FIGURES 8 and 9, the framework of FIGURE 8 being intended for a semi-detached twostory house and that of FIGURE 9 being intended for a single detached two-story house. As indicated, the frameworks are supported on concrete foundations or footings d and, in a preferred method of building construction, they are used to carry the other major structural parts of the building, such as the walls, roofing and at least upper story flooring, all load being ultimately transmitted by the lower pillar or stanchion units to the foundations.
Structural units constructed as described in accordance with the invention have important advantages in providing high strength lightweight structures which are very economical in their use of structural material, which have good handling properties and which can be readily manufactured with low production costs. Also the spacing of the web elements at opposite sides of the chord members, as in the embodiment herebefore described, conveniently provides a central space extending along the whole length of the unit for the passage of service facilities, such as pipes and electrical wiring, which forms an additional adlvantageous feature in applications within the building fie (1.
Building frameworks fabricated as described from beam and pillar or stanchion units in accordance with the invention have a most useful inherent strength and rigidity which, together with the ease of erection, versatility of layout, and low cost of production, renders them highly suitable for use in industrialised building projects for the eflicient construction of dwelling houses and other building structures of one or more stories.
It will be understood that numerous modifications may be made in the detailed construction of the structural units within the scope of this invention, and by way of further example, there is illustrated in FIGURE 10 one form of modified beam in which a pair of metal channel chord members 1 1 are interconnected by a plurality of separate web elements 2 which are similar to the web elements 2 of the first described embodiment and which are similarly arranged alternately along the two sides of the beam with inwardly projecting side flanges 6 6 fitted between the two chord members with their ends in engagement with opposite facing surfaces thereof. In this modification, however, the web elements are plain without an embossed pattern and they are arranged in substantially end-to-end relationship with respect to the longitudinal axial direction of the beam so that viewed in side elevation there is, in effect a continuous web without any transverse gaps or apertures.
I claim:
1. An elongated structural steel beam unit, comprising a pair of parallel spaced-apart longitudinal thin-walled chord members of narrow open channel form with base portions presented toward each other and outwardly extending side Wall flanges, and a plurality of separate independent web elements interconnecting said chord members, said web elements being spaced one fro-m the other and extending in the longitudinal direction of said chord members, each of said web elements consisting of a substantially rectangular thin-walled plate having longitudinal marginal edges along two opposite sides, the two marginal edges of one of said Web elements being firmly fixed to aligned wall flanges located upon one side of the two chord members, the two marginal edges of the following web element being firmly connected to aligned wall flanges located upon the opposite side of the two chord members, whereby said web elements are disposed in staggered spaced apart relationship to provide discontinuous side walls having front surfaces which alternate from side to side, each of said web elements also having narrow reinforcing flanges extending toward and terminating short of the side of the chord members which is opposite the side to which that web element is fixed, said reinforcing flanges having opposed edges engaging the base portions of the chord members, said flanges terminating short of said longitudinal marginal edges, whereby ears aligned with the front surface of the web element are located between said edges of the reinforcing flanges and said longitudinal marginal edges.
2. A structural unit in accordance with claim 1, wherein each Web element has embossed diagonal bracing ribs,
said ears extending substantially in the direction of said ribs.
3. A building framework adapted to carry substantially the whole structural load of a building upon concrete footings or foundations, said framework being composed of column units at the corners which comprise vertically-extending elongated structural units as claimed in claim 1, assembled and welded together into a right-angular crosssectional form, and horizontal beams which also comprise elongated structural units as claimed in claim 1, and which have their ends seated upon and connected to the tops of the adjacent lower column units to form a series of interconnected rectangles extending throughout the whole structure in both vertical and horizontal planes.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,924,881 8/1933 Ragsdale 52-693 X 3,025,577 3/1962 Jureit 52-693 1,649,577 11/1927 Coryell 1 52-696 X 1,837,374 12/ 1931 Samuel 52-696 X 1,910,264 5/1933 Shanley et a1 52-236 X 2,145,407 1/ 1939 Soule 52-280 ROY D. FRAZIER, Primary Examiner R. D. KRAUS, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 52-280
US460005A 1964-06-05 1965-06-01 Elongated structural units Expired - Lifetime US3461636A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB23320/64A GB1080742A (en) 1964-06-05 1964-06-05 Improvements relating to elongated structural units and building structures assembled therefrom

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3461636A true US3461636A (en) 1969-08-19

Family

ID=10193700

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US460005A Expired - Lifetime US3461636A (en) 1964-06-05 1965-06-01 Elongated structural units

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US3461636A (en)
BE (1) BE664969A (en)
CH (1) CH436645A (en)
DE (1) DE1559548A1 (en)
ES (1) ES313700A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1435656A (en)
GB (1) GB1080742A (en)
IL (1) IL23645A (en)
NL (1) NL6507124A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3694987A (en) * 1969-03-20 1972-10-03 Aldo Henggeler Surface supporting assembly with a supporting network
US4100708A (en) * 1977-01-10 1978-07-18 Anatoly Pavlovich Bobrovnikov Building roofing structure
US4241557A (en) * 1978-05-15 1980-12-30 Jensen Building Products, Inc. Construction member and plate therefor
DE4238540A1 (en) * 1992-11-14 1994-07-21 Hans Peter Rajczak Support for decorating interior furnishing of rooms
US6076311A (en) * 1998-08-18 2000-06-20 Schult Homes Corp Floor frame assembly for a manufactured home
US6412237B1 (en) * 1999-12-03 2002-07-02 Structural Design Engineers Framed structures with coupled girder system and method for dissipating seismic energy
US6997426B1 (en) * 2003-06-26 2006-02-14 Barrepski Christopher R Grounded holding device and method of use
US8201384B2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2012-06-19 Stefan Krestel Girder-like structural element composed of individual parts connected to one another
US20130074427A1 (en) * 2010-06-16 2013-03-28 Yoshimichi Kawai Energy dissipating metal plate and building structure
US20140237920A1 (en) * 2011-10-05 2014-08-28 Danpal Australia Pty Limited Truss system
US9464427B2 (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-10-11 Columbia Insurance Company Light gauge steel beam-to-column joint with yielding panel zone
US10113768B2 (en) 2015-01-23 2018-10-30 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Insulated panel assembly
US20190010700A1 (en) * 2016-01-08 2019-01-10 Auvenco Pty Ltd Composite structural member for a building structure
US10760266B2 (en) 2017-08-14 2020-09-01 Clarkwestern Dietrich Building Systems Llc Varied length metal studs

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6351223B2 (en) * 1982-12-15 1988-10-13 Kajima Corp
GB0325894D0 (en) * 2003-11-06 2003-12-10 Roxbury Ltd Structural beam member

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1649577A (en) * 1925-01-27 1927-11-15 Truscon Steel Co Fabricated joist
US1837374A (en) * 1927-02-18 1931-12-22 Samuel Rene Building element
US1910264A (en) * 1932-07-12 1933-05-23 Shanley Joseph Sanford Building construction
US1924881A (en) * 1930-02-13 1933-08-29 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Open truss girder
US2145407A (en) * 1938-03-23 1939-01-31 Soule Steel Company Building construction
US3025577A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-03-20 Automated Building Components Structural element

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1649577A (en) * 1925-01-27 1927-11-15 Truscon Steel Co Fabricated joist
US1837374A (en) * 1927-02-18 1931-12-22 Samuel Rene Building element
US1924881A (en) * 1930-02-13 1933-08-29 Budd Edward G Mfg Co Open truss girder
US1910264A (en) * 1932-07-12 1933-05-23 Shanley Joseph Sanford Building construction
US2145407A (en) * 1938-03-23 1939-01-31 Soule Steel Company Building construction
US3025577A (en) * 1959-03-09 1962-03-20 Automated Building Components Structural element

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3694987A (en) * 1969-03-20 1972-10-03 Aldo Henggeler Surface supporting assembly with a supporting network
US4100708A (en) * 1977-01-10 1978-07-18 Anatoly Pavlovich Bobrovnikov Building roofing structure
US4241557A (en) * 1978-05-15 1980-12-30 Jensen Building Products, Inc. Construction member and plate therefor
DE4238540A1 (en) * 1992-11-14 1994-07-21 Hans Peter Rajczak Support for decorating interior furnishing of rooms
US6076311A (en) * 1998-08-18 2000-06-20 Schult Homes Corp Floor frame assembly for a manufactured home
US6412237B1 (en) * 1999-12-03 2002-07-02 Structural Design Engineers Framed structures with coupled girder system and method for dissipating seismic energy
US6997426B1 (en) * 2003-06-26 2006-02-14 Barrepski Christopher R Grounded holding device and method of use
US8201384B2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2012-06-19 Stefan Krestel Girder-like structural element composed of individual parts connected to one another
US20130074427A1 (en) * 2010-06-16 2013-03-28 Yoshimichi Kawai Energy dissipating metal plate and building structure
US8875452B2 (en) * 2010-06-16 2014-11-04 Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation Energy dissipating metal plate and building structure
US9255407B2 (en) * 2011-10-05 2016-02-09 Danpal Truss system
US20140237920A1 (en) * 2011-10-05 2014-08-28 Danpal Australia Pty Limited Truss system
US9464427B2 (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-10-11 Columbia Insurance Company Light gauge steel beam-to-column joint with yielding panel zone
US9670667B2 (en) 2015-01-23 2017-06-06 Columbia Insurance Company Multi-story boxed wall frame with yielding panel zone
US10113768B2 (en) 2015-01-23 2018-10-30 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Insulated panel assembly
US20190010700A1 (en) * 2016-01-08 2019-01-10 Auvenco Pty Ltd Composite structural member for a building structure
US10550572B2 (en) * 2016-01-08 2020-02-04 Auvena Pty Ltd Atf Auvenco Unit Trust Acn 613738551 Composite structural member for a building structure
US10876293B2 (en) * 2016-01-08 2020-12-29 Auvena Pty Ltd Atf Auvenco Unit Trust Acn 613 738 551 Composite structural member for a building structure
US10760266B2 (en) 2017-08-14 2020-09-01 Clarkwestern Dietrich Building Systems Llc Varied length metal studs

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
IL23645A (en) 1969-12-31
FR1435656A (en) 1966-04-15
NL6507124A (en) 1965-12-06
GB1080742A (en) 1967-08-23
BE664969A (en) 1965-10-01
CH436645A (en) 1967-05-31
DE1559548A1 (en) 1970-07-23
ES313700A1 (en) 1966-03-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3461636A (en) Elongated structural units
US5333426A (en) Wood frame construction system with prefabricated components
US2284898A (en) Structural system
CA2566328C (en) Two-way architectural structural system and modular support member
EP0710310B1 (en) Prefabricated building systems
US5079890A (en) Space frame structure and method of constructing a space frame structure
US3609929A (en) Prefabricated building
US3455075A (en) Modular building unit
US2939554A (en) Space decks and components therefor
US5210988A (en) Gridbeam
US3416273A (en) Plural-storey prefabricated buildings
US4178736A (en) Housing module and space frame
US2684134A (en) Structural diaphragm for buildings
US3940903A (en) Prefabricated transportable room element for use in the construction of a plural storey building
US2104872A (en) Building
JP6687681B2 (en) Wooden unit type building structure and its construction method
JP2928832B2 (en) Pillar configuration method
US3533204A (en) Precast multistory building construction
JP4165648B2 (en) Components and methods of moment resistant building frame structures
US3983673A (en) Volumic construction element of generally rectangular parallelepiped shape
US3248828A (en) Warehouse construction employing independent rack units
US5718093A (en) Floor panel joint structure and method of making a wooden building with the same
US3298153A (en) Sectional floor frame construction
US4144692A (en) Building unit
US3604165A (en) Panelled deck construction for building