US3419914A - Tub diverter spout - Google Patents

Tub diverter spout Download PDF

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Publication number
US3419914A
US3419914A US614197A US61419767A US3419914A US 3419914 A US3419914 A US 3419914A US 614197 A US614197 A US 614197A US 61419767 A US61419767 A US 61419767A US 3419914 A US3419914 A US 3419914A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
spout
diverter
water
cup
passage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US614197A
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English (en)
Inventor
Alfred M Moen
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
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Priority to US614197A priority Critical patent/US3419914A/en
Priority to DE19681675450 priority patent/DE1675450C3/de
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3419914A publication Critical patent/US3419914A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K11/00Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves
    • F16K11/02Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with all movable sealing faces moving as one unit
    • F16K11/06Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with all movable sealing faces moving as one unit comprising only sliding valves, i.e. sliding closure elements
    • F16K11/065Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with all movable sealing faces moving as one unit comprising only sliding valves, i.e. sliding closure elements with linearly sliding closure members
    • F16K11/0655Multiple-way valves, e.g. mixing valves; Pipe fittings incorporating such valves with all movable sealing faces moving as one unit comprising only sliding valves, i.e. sliding closure elements with linearly sliding closure members with flat slides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K19/00Arrangements of valves and flow lines specially adapted for mixing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/02Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7734Fluid opened valve requiring reset

Definitions

  • One object is to provide a diverter associated with a tub spout so that the user, by simple manipulation, may direct the stream of water either to the tub or to the shower fixture.
  • Another object is to provide a tub spout diverter means which includes a part positioned to be held in sealing relationship with the spout by means of water pressure within the spout.
  • Another object is a tub spout diverter which automatically returns to the tub position when the water is turned off.
  • FIGURE 1 is a vertical section through a tub spout showing one form of diverter
  • FIGURE 2 is a section along plane 22 of FIGURE 1,
  • FIGURE 3 is a front plan view of the diverter cup valve
  • FIGURE 4 is a rear plan view of the diverter cup valve illustrated in FIGURE 3,
  • FIGURE 5 is a vertical section of a modified form of diverter
  • FIGURE 6 is a section similar to FIGURE 5, but showing the diverter in the raised position
  • FIGURE 7 is a section showing a diverter, similar to FIGURES 5 and 6, but with a modified seal, and
  • FIGURE 8 is a vertical section of yet a further form of the invention.
  • a tub spout 1 suitable for use in connection with a bathtub and intended to be positioned to discharge into a tub, has a downwardly turned discharge portion 2.
  • the spout 1 may have an internal restriction 3, threaded as at 4, and provided with a discharge opening 5, preferably of less diameter than the threaded passage 4.
  • a conventional water supply pipe 4a may be received in threaded area 4.
  • a vertical face 6 of the restriction 3 may act as a seating surface against which the diverter valve is seated when in position to, close the opening 5.
  • the valve in form shown in FIGURES 1-4, may include a rigid cup-like member 7 having a cup arm 8 which has a laterally bent portion 9 at its lower end.
  • the tub spout may be provided with a downwardly extending boss 16, spaced from the face 6 and having a vertical bore 16a.
  • a stem 10 is movable in the bore 16a and carries a knob 11 at its upper end. The lower end of the stem may be attached, for example by a loose connection, to the laterally bent portion 9.
  • One such connecting means is a slot 9a in the laterally bent portion 9 of the cup arm 8 which receives a reduced portion 12 on the stem 10.
  • a flexible cup-like sealing member 13 having a sidewall 14 which is closely fitted within the sidewall portions of the cup 7 so as to retain the sealing member 13 within the cup 7.
  • the cup 13 may be made of a flexible elastic material, such as rubber, and has a face 14a which is adapted to seat and seal against the face 6 of the restriction 3.
  • water flowing through the threaded passage 4 may flow inside of the cup 13.
  • the cups 7 and 13 will reciprocate in the space between the boss 16 and the face 6 of the restriction 3.
  • the stem 10, and its associated knob 11, are used to move the cups in an up and down direction and, in effect, to change the direction of water flow from the tub to the shower.
  • FIGURE 8 shows a modification of the device illustrated in FIGURE 1.
  • the diverter is not operated from a knob above the spout, but may be operated by moving a reciprocal plunger 30.
  • the plunger 30 may have an upper cup-like portion 31, similar to the cup 7 and enclosing a rubber or elastic cup 13, the same as illustrated in FIGURES 1-4.
  • the plunger 30 extends downwardly, below the lower end of the spout, so that it may be manipulated by a persons hand acting from beneath the spout.
  • the plunger '30 may have a groove 32, and there may be a screw or the like 33 extending inwardly through the side of the spout into the groove 32. The combination of the groove 32 and the screw 33 is effective to guide the plunger 30in its reciprocal movement within the spout.
  • FIGURE 8 I The operation of the device illustrated in FIGURE 8 I is substantially the same as shown in FIGURE 1, in that the diverter, in this case the plunger 30 and its associated cup 13, will be held in the up, or shower, position by means of water pressure from within the cup. Once the water is turned off, the plunger 30 will return to its lower position, illustrated in dotted lines.
  • the boss 16 is again illustrated in FIGURE 8, it may be possible to do away with such a boss, provided there are other means of preventing the first rush of Water through the aligned passages 5 and 15 from disturbing the position of the plunger 30'.
  • FIGURES 5 and 6 the spout, restriction and the threaded passage have all been given the same numbers as in FIGURES 14.
  • a plunger, indicated generally at 18, may be reciprocal within the spout and in a path concentric with the downwardly extending boss 26.
  • the plunger 18 is cylindrical in form and may have a pair of spaced annular flanges 19 and 20 which are used to position a sealing member 24, in the form of an annular ring, in a fixed relationship with the plunger.
  • the annular seal 24 may have a plurality of openings or ports 25 which are positioned in alignment with the passage 5 in the restriction 3 when the plunger is in the up position of FIGURE 6. There may be a screw 22 extending through a lower portion of the spout so as to act as a guide for movement of the plunger 18.
  • the valve shown in FIGURE 7 is substantially the same as that shown in FIGURE 8, except that the seal has been modified.
  • the seals may be in the form of lip seals which extend out wardly toward the surface 6 and toward the interior surface of the spout. Water passing through passage will pass between the spaced lip seals 27 and 28 and will flow underneath the seal lips, forcing the lips outwardly so that they will hold the plunger 18 in the up position of FIGURE 7.
  • the annular seals 27 and 28 cooperate to define a pressure chamber in the same manner as the annular seal 24.
  • the invention should not be limited to the precise configuration of parts illustrated herein.
  • the invention is directed broadly to the idea of a diverter valve assembly, which may be moved either from a knob above the spout, or from below the spout.
  • the diverter includes a flexible member which is adapted to be forced outwardly into sealing engagement with an internal surface of the spout when the diverter valve is moved to the shower position. The diverter valve will maintain this position until such time as the water is turned off.
  • the flexible sealing member is so proportioned that the water within it applies sufiicient sealing pressure to its exterior to hold the diverter in position to block the tub water passage as long as the water stays on.
  • the spout housing may be mold formed or cast and used with or without a diverter. There is no machining necessary to prepare the spout housing for diverter use.
  • the diverter assembly is merely added to the spout housing as formed.
  • the boss 16 may have a passage for the stem 10. If such a stem is not used or if no diverter is used, the boss passage assists in aerating the water stream. Even when the stem is used the boss passage provides a degree of aeration.
  • said spout having a water inlet and a water outlet and a water passage intermediate said inlet and outlet,
  • said diverter valve including means defining a reciprocal pressure chamber, means in said spout for guiding said reciprocal pressure chamber,
  • said pressure chamber including a sealing portion positioned for sealing engagement with said spout, a passage in said diverter valve communicating with the interior of said chamber and said spout water passage, with said diverter valve passage being smaller in cross sectional area than the sealing portion of said pressure chamber,
  • said pressure chamber being movable from a position in which said pressure chamber is away from said spout water passage to a position in which the diverter valve passage is in alignment with the spout water passage whereby water flowing into said pressure chamber holds said diverter valve in said lastname-d position to thereby close the Water passage in the spout.
  • said pressure chamber includes a rigid cup, and a flexible sealing member, with said flexible sealing member being positioned for sealing engagement with a portion of the spout.
  • the structure of claim 2 further characterized by and including manual operating means forming a portion of said rigid cup and extending downwardly below the spout discharge for use in reciprocating said cup-like member.
  • the structure of claim 1 further characterized by and including a water discharge chamber in said spout, a hollow plunger reciprocal in said water discharge chamber, said plunger having annular flexible means positioned about it, with said flexible means defining said pressure chamber with the plunger, at least one opening in said flexible means whereby water from said spout passage may reach the interior of said flexible means, a portion of said plunger extending downwardly below said spout discharge for use in manipulating the diverter valve.
  • said flexible means includes spaced lip seals, positioned to define an annular water passage between them, such that water may reach the interior of said pressure chamber.
US614197A 1967-02-06 1967-02-06 Tub diverter spout Expired - Lifetime US3419914A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US614197A US3419914A (en) 1967-02-06 1967-02-06 Tub diverter spout
DE19681675450 DE1675450C3 (de) 1967-02-06 1968-01-18 Selbsttaetiger Umschalter fuer ein Wasserauslaufventil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US614197A US3419914A (en) 1967-02-06 1967-02-06 Tub diverter spout

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US3419914A true US3419914A (en) 1969-01-07

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DE (1) DE1675450C3 (de)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3739806A (en) * 1971-10-04 1973-06-19 Bletcher R Diaphragm spout assembly
US3801997A (en) * 1970-06-05 1974-04-09 Modern Faucet Mfg Co Spool valve assembly
US6070280A (en) * 1999-02-17 2000-06-06 Chung Cheng Faucet Co., Ltd. Water-sealing switch structure of wall-type faucet
US7258322B1 (en) * 2006-04-19 2007-08-21 Ops Plumbing Products Inc. Manually operated switch for a faucet
US20100084027A1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2010-04-08 Furseth Michael R Slip-fit clamping system for mounting a fitting on a wall
CN102287543A (zh) * 2011-07-25 2011-12-21 胡旭红 浴用前拉杆式出水口
US8566975B1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-10-29 Hsue Sam Enterprise Co., Ltd. Faucet control structure
US9896825B2 (en) * 2016-03-24 2018-02-20 Frank L. DiDea Method for diverting a flow of a fluid
US9982421B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2018-05-29 Knarf, Llc Diverter and method for manufacturing the diverter
US10370833B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2019-08-06 Knarf, Llc Fluid delivery system and method
US10494796B2 (en) 2016-06-09 2019-12-03 Kohler Co. Tub spout engine
US10584468B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2020-03-10 Knarf, Llc Universal adapter and method for manufacturing the universal adapter
US11505929B2 (en) * 2018-08-13 2022-11-22 Kohler Co. Tub spout diverter seal member

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1166303A (en) * 1915-04-24 1915-12-28 Edwin G Adams Waste-pipe stopper.
US1666531A (en) * 1928-04-17 Diverter valve
US2041002A (en) * 1934-11-28 1936-05-19 Royal Brass Mfg Company Diverter valve
US2627872A (en) * 1951-04-19 1953-02-10 Gruen Henry Valved plumbing fitting
US2844353A (en) * 1955-02-28 1958-07-22 Albert G Gurries Seal for plug valves
US2911185A (en) * 1954-03-02 1959-11-03 Jesse D Langdon Inflatable valve member
FR1259021A (fr) * 1960-03-11 1961-04-21 A E R Ets Mélangeur à bec orientable notamment pour évier
US2997058A (en) * 1959-03-03 1961-08-22 Eddie R Hall Plumbing fixture
US3012251A (en) * 1961-12-12 Tub and shower fixtures
US3043554A (en) * 1961-06-26 1962-07-10 Garza Jesus De La Non-drip faucet valve
US3075778A (en) * 1958-02-26 1963-01-29 Dowty Hydranlic Units Ltd High pressure hydraulic pumps or motors
US3103948A (en) * 1960-08-12 1963-09-17 Salmen Hubert Stopcock
US3160329A (en) * 1963-02-26 1964-12-08 Radic Frank Dispensing device

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1666531A (en) * 1928-04-17 Diverter valve
US3012251A (en) * 1961-12-12 Tub and shower fixtures
US1166303A (en) * 1915-04-24 1915-12-28 Edwin G Adams Waste-pipe stopper.
US2041002A (en) * 1934-11-28 1936-05-19 Royal Brass Mfg Company Diverter valve
US2627872A (en) * 1951-04-19 1953-02-10 Gruen Henry Valved plumbing fitting
US2911185A (en) * 1954-03-02 1959-11-03 Jesse D Langdon Inflatable valve member
US2844353A (en) * 1955-02-28 1958-07-22 Albert G Gurries Seal for plug valves
US3075778A (en) * 1958-02-26 1963-01-29 Dowty Hydranlic Units Ltd High pressure hydraulic pumps or motors
US2997058A (en) * 1959-03-03 1961-08-22 Eddie R Hall Plumbing fixture
FR1259021A (fr) * 1960-03-11 1961-04-21 A E R Ets Mélangeur à bec orientable notamment pour évier
US3103948A (en) * 1960-08-12 1963-09-17 Salmen Hubert Stopcock
US3043554A (en) * 1961-06-26 1962-07-10 Garza Jesus De La Non-drip faucet valve
US3160329A (en) * 1963-02-26 1964-12-08 Radic Frank Dispensing device

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3801997A (en) * 1970-06-05 1974-04-09 Modern Faucet Mfg Co Spool valve assembly
US3739806A (en) * 1971-10-04 1973-06-19 Bletcher R Diaphragm spout assembly
US6070280A (en) * 1999-02-17 2000-06-06 Chung Cheng Faucet Co., Ltd. Water-sealing switch structure of wall-type faucet
US7258322B1 (en) * 2006-04-19 2007-08-21 Ops Plumbing Products Inc. Manually operated switch for a faucet
US20100084027A1 (en) * 2008-10-02 2010-04-08 Furseth Michael R Slip-fit clamping system for mounting a fitting on a wall
US8214941B2 (en) * 2008-10-02 2012-07-10 Kohler Co. Slip-fit clamping system for mounting a fitting on a wall
US8464369B2 (en) 2008-10-02 2013-06-18 Kohler Co. Slip-fit clamping system for mounting a fitting on a wall
CN102287543B (zh) * 2011-07-25 2014-06-11 胡旭红 浴用前拉杆式出水口
CN102287543A (zh) * 2011-07-25 2011-12-21 胡旭红 浴用前拉杆式出水口
US8566975B1 (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-10-29 Hsue Sam Enterprise Co., Ltd. Faucet control structure
US9896825B2 (en) * 2016-03-24 2018-02-20 Frank L. DiDea Method for diverting a flow of a fluid
US9982421B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2018-05-29 Knarf, Llc Diverter and method for manufacturing the diverter
US10370833B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2019-08-06 Knarf, Llc Fluid delivery system and method
US10584468B2 (en) 2016-03-24 2020-03-10 Knarf, Llc Universal adapter and method for manufacturing the universal adapter
US10494796B2 (en) 2016-06-09 2019-12-03 Kohler Co. Tub spout engine
US11280069B2 (en) 2016-06-09 2022-03-22 Kohler Co. Tub spout engine
US11505929B2 (en) * 2018-08-13 2022-11-22 Kohler Co. Tub spout diverter seal member

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1675450B2 (de) 1972-12-21
DE1675450C3 (de) 1973-07-12
DE1675450A1 (de) 1972-04-13

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