US3392450A - Telescope with rangefinding reticle - Google Patents

Telescope with rangefinding reticle Download PDF

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US3392450A
US3392450A US52208366A US3392450A US 3392450 A US3392450 A US 3392450A US 52208366 A US52208366 A US 52208366A US 3392450 A US3392450 A US 3392450A
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target
reticle
telescope
spanning
rangefinding
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George L Herter
Russell N Hofmeister
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Herter's Inc
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Herter's Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/46Sighting devices for particular applications
    • F41G1/473Sighting devices for particular applications for lead-indicating or range-finding, e.g. for use with rifles or shotguns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/38Telescopic sights specially adapted for smallarms or ordnance; Supports or mountings therefor

Description

33-21, 2,3%.,@50 5R July 16, 1968 G. HERTER ET AL 3,392,450

TELESCOPE WITH RANGEFINDING RETICLE Filed Jan. 2l.- 1965 #fram/Erf United States Patent Ofi-ice 3,392,450 Patented July 16, 1 968 3,392,450 TELESCOPE WITH RANGEFINDING RETICLE George L. Herter and Russell N. Hofmeister, Waseca,

Minn., assignors to Herters Inc., Waseca, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Filed Jan. 21, 1966, Ser. No. 522,083 4 Claims. (Cl. 243-50) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A telescopic sight for a riile is provided with a rangefinding, transparent reticle having a plurality of target spanning devices of various sizes located thereon. Each of these spanning devices is centered on one of a plurality of vertically spaced horizontal, range compensating cross hairs, and the spanning devices are sized to span a target of predetermined size at a range corresponding to the range indicated by the horizontal cross hair on which they are located.

This invention relates to a reticle for a telescopic sight adapted to be used on rilies with such calibers as may be used in hunting, target shooting and the like.

It is frequently desirable to determine the range of the target so as to improve the possibilities of hitting the target with the bullet or projectile from the gun. Heretofore, adequate range nding means have not been provided in telescopes used as sights for hunting rilles.

An object of our invention is to provide a new and improved reticle of simple and inexpensive construction and operation for use in a telescopic sight of a hand held projectile-iiring gun. Another object of our invention is to provide a novel reticle for a telescopic sight to instantly indicate to the user of the sight, the range of the target and the point of impact of the projectile at the indicated range.

These and other objects and advantages of our invention will more fully appear from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similarl parts throughout the several views, and in which:

FIG. l `is an elevation view of a telescopic sight applied to a rifle of the type commonly used for hunting and target shooting.

FIG. 2 ris an enlarged view showing the reticle as it appears to the user of the telescopic sight.

The telescopic sight is indicated in general by numeral and is attached by a suitable mount 11 to a rie 12.

The telescope has a transparent reticle disc 13, on which the vertical hairline or indicator 14 is carried. As is conventional in reticles for telescopic sights, the vertical hairline or indicator 14 indicates the windage alignment relative to the target. The reticle is also provided with a horizontal centering means or cross hair 15 which constitutes the primary sighting cross hair in the telescope. By adjusting the elevation and windage alignment screws 16 and 17, the point of intersection between the vertical cross hair 14 and the horizontal cross hair 15 will indicate the point of impact of the bullet from the rifle 12 at a distance of two hundred (200) yardsD Additional horizontal centering means or horizontal cross hairs 18, 19 and 20 intersect the vertical indicator or hairline so as to indicate the point of impact of the bullet or projectile at ranges of three hundred (300) yards, four (400) yards, and iive hundred (500) yards respectively. In other words, if the target is located at a distance of four hundred (400) yards from the rifle, a viewing through the telescope 10 will show the point of impact of the bullet at four hundred (400) yards distance at the intersection between the vertical hairline 14 and the cross hair 19.

The reticle also has a plurality of target spanning devices 21, 22, 23, and 24 each on a respective cross hair 15, 18, `19 and 20, to indicate the range at which the target spanning device is to be used effectively. It will be understood that certain targets are of known, or at least estimable size. For instance, it is a fairly accurate estimate that in deer or antelope, the distance between the top of the back at the shoulders and the bottom of the chest cavity is a distance of approximately 18 inches. The target spanning circles or devices 21-24 will span an 18 inch target at the range designated for each of the target spanning devices. For instance, when the target T-1 is successively viewed through spanning devices 21, 22, 23 and 24, it will be found that the depth of the chest cavity is considerably less than the diameter of each of the spanning devices 21 and 22, and is considerably greater than the diameter of the spanning device 24. However the depth of the chest cavity of the target T-l is substantially identical to the diameter of the spanning device 23 disposed on the four hundred (400) yard cross hair 19. By merely keeping the cross hair 19 on the target and aligning the vertical hairline 14 on the target, hitting the target can be assured. The actual range designations are relatively unimportant for purposes of properly sighting and estimating the distance of the target and for properly shooting. The person holding and shooting the rie and viewing the target does not need to know the yardage figure of the range, but this yardage figure is provided as a matter of interest.

Likewise, if the target T-2 were to be red at, the target would be successively viewed in two or more of the spanning devices 23 and 24 to determine whether the spanning devices have the same diameter as the chest cavity of the target T2. It will be found that the depth of the chest cavity will be spanned by the spanning device 24, and because of the location of the spanning device 24 on the vertical hairline 14, no further adjustment of the sighting need be effected and the rille may be fired to strike the target with the projectile or bullet. It will be seen that we have provided a new and improved sighting reticle for telescopic sights on the riile whereby a target of known or estimable size can be -viewed through spanning devices each of which is disposed at a cross hair which will be used when it is found that the target fits the particular spanning device so as to assure that the point of the impact of the bullet from the rifle is at the target as viewed in the reticle.

Of course it will be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the various parts without departing from the scope of our invention.

We claim:

1. A rangefnding and compensating telescope reticle for a target of estimable size comprising:

a vertical indicator ext-ending across the field of view of a telescope to indicate windage alignment on a target;

a plurality of horizontally extending centering means vertically spaced along said "vertical indicator to Iindicate at the intersection of said vertical indicator and each of said centering means a projectile impact at known distances;

a plurality of rangending devices, each centered on a respective one of said centering means and having spaced apart visible portions for spanning a target of known size at the distance indicated by the center ing means on which it is located, said rangefinding devices being dispersed on said centering means in non-overlapping relationship with each other.

The telescope reticle according to claim 1 wherein:

said rangefinding devices are randomly located in spaced apart relation to each other.

3. The telescope reticle according to claim 1 wherein at least some of said rangefinding devices are also centered on said vertical indicator to minimize sighting adjust ments to locate the point of impact on the target.

4. The telescope reticle according to claim 1 wherein said rangending de-vices are circular enclosures to facilitate spanning the target in imultiple directions between and including vertical and horizontal.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Critchett 33-50.5 Deming.

Karnes 33-50.5 X

Karnes 33--50.5 X

OBrien 33-50.5

1() HARRY N. HAROIAN, Primary Examiner.

US52208366 1966-01-21 1966-01-21 Telescope with rangefinding reticle Expired - Lifetime US3392450A (en)

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Cited By (74)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3858326A (en) * 1973-03-16 1975-01-07 Leslie A Hurd Method and apparatus of outdoor position locating
US3948587A (en) * 1974-01-28 1976-04-06 Rubbert Paul E Reticle and telescopic gunsight system
US4263719A (en) * 1976-08-16 1981-04-28 Murdoch Colin Albert Optical sighting devices
US4285137A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-08-25 Jennie Fred L Trajectory compensating device
US4403421A (en) * 1980-11-13 1983-09-13 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4531052A (en) * 1982-09-24 1985-07-23 Moore Sidney D Microcomputer-controlled optical apparatus for surveying, rangefinding and trajectory-compensating functions
US4584776A (en) * 1980-11-13 1986-04-29 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4734990A (en) * 1986-04-25 1988-04-05 Pursuit Corporation Viewing apparatus
US4777352A (en) * 1982-09-24 1988-10-11 Moore Sidney D Microcontroller operated optical apparatus for surveying rangefinding and trajectory compensating functions
US4787739A (en) * 1984-03-30 1988-11-29 Thomas W Gregory Range finder
US4822994A (en) * 1987-09-23 1989-04-18 Itt Electro Optical Products A Division Of Itt Corporation Small arms sight for use during daylight and nighttime conditions
US4886347A (en) * 1988-02-22 1989-12-12 Monroe John N Range-finding binocular
US4912853A (en) * 1981-11-17 1990-04-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Reticle plate and method for establishment of a north-oriented or south-oriented line by circumpolar orientation
US4965439A (en) * 1982-09-24 1990-10-23 Moore Sidney D Microcontroller-controlled device for surveying, rangefinding and trajectory compensation
US4998811A (en) * 1985-12-18 1991-03-12 Walter Basta Telescopic rifle sight with automatic setting of the elevation by an electromotor
WO1999017135A2 (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-04-08 Riegl Laser Measurement Systems Gmbh Opto-electronic measuring device
US5920995A (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-07-13 Sammut; Dennis J. Gunsight and reticle therefor
US6131294A (en) * 1998-01-27 2000-10-17 Hakko Co., Ltd Telescopic sight with detachable night vision apparatus
US6357158B1 (en) 1998-09-14 2002-03-19 Smith, Iii Thomas D. Reticle-equipped telescopic gunsight and aiming system
US6453595B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2002-09-24 Horus Vision, Llc Gunsight and reticle therefor
US6516699B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2003-02-11 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information for rifle scopes
US6598332B1 (en) 2000-02-25 2003-07-29 Hakko Co., Ltd Riflescope with adjustable eyepiece
US20040025397A1 (en) * 1998-06-08 2004-02-12 Malley Paul Joseph Telescopic weapon aiming system
US20050021282A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2005-01-27 Sammut Dennis J. Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US20050086848A1 (en) * 2003-09-29 2005-04-28 Dietz Gregory D. Gun sight and method for hitting a moving target
US20050188600A1 (en) * 1998-01-29 2005-09-01 Malley Paul J. Telescopic weapon aiming system
US20050229468A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2005-10-20 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Ballistic reticle for projectile weapon aiming systems and method of aiming
US20050257414A1 (en) * 2004-11-10 2005-11-24 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Tactical ranging reticle for a projectile weapon aiming device
US20060026887A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2006-02-09 Verdugo Edward A Reticule
US7100320B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2006-09-05 Verdugo Edward A Reticule
US20060236586A1 (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-10-26 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Crosshair and circle reticle for projectile weapon aiming device
US20070022651A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2007-02-01 Verdugo Edward A Reticule
US7171775B1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-02-06 Nikon Inc. Gun sight reticle having open sighting areas for bullet drop compensation
US20070044364A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2007-03-01 Horus Vision Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US20080202011A1 (en) * 2007-02-28 2008-08-28 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight windage correction system
US20080216222A1 (en) * 2006-04-14 2008-09-11 Jason Farber Microflush Urinal With Oscillating Nozzle
US20090205239A1 (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-08-20 Smith Iii Thomas D System and Method for Determining Target Range and Coordinating Team Fire
US20090235570A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2009-09-24 Horus Vision Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US7705975B1 (en) 2005-08-16 2010-04-27 Michael Christopher Farris Reticle
US7738082B1 (en) 2006-10-20 2010-06-15 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. System and method for measuring a size of a distant object
US7793456B1 (en) 2007-10-31 2010-09-14 Nikon Inc. Gun sight reticle having adjustable sighting marks for bullet drop compensation
US20110132983A1 (en) * 2009-05-15 2011-06-09 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
AU2009202691B2 (en) * 1997-12-08 2011-11-24 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information for rifle scopes
US8172139B1 (en) 2010-11-22 2012-05-08 Bitterroot Advance Ballistics Research, LLC Ballistic ranging methods and systems for inclined shooting
US8701330B2 (en) 2011-01-01 2014-04-22 G. David Tubb Ballistic effect compensating reticle and aim compensation method
US20140166751A1 (en) * 2011-01-19 2014-06-19 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US8893423B2 (en) 2011-05-27 2014-11-25 G. David Tubb Dynamic targeting system with projectile-specific aiming indicia in a reticle and method for estimating ballistic effects of changing environment and ammunition
US8959824B2 (en) 2012-01-10 2015-02-24 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US9038307B2 (en) 2012-11-20 2015-05-26 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Projectile-weapon reticle with holdover aiming features for multiple projectile velocities
US9121672B2 (en) 2011-01-01 2015-09-01 G. David Tubb Ballistic effect compensating reticle and aim compensation method with sloped mil and MOA wind dot lines
US20150253108A1 (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-09-10 Lester James Fischer Ballistic range finding reticle for modern sporting rifle
USD745105S1 (en) 2014-08-01 2015-12-08 Dimitri Mikroulis Reticle system
US9243868B1 (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-01-26 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary, Department Of Homeland Security Reticle providing maximized danger space
USD753785S1 (en) 2012-11-20 2016-04-12 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Reticle for a riflescope or other projectile-weapon aiming device
USD758523S1 (en) 2014-12-31 2016-06-07 Dimitri Mikroulis Reticle
USD760340S1 (en) 2014-12-08 2016-06-28 Nikon Inc. Reticle for telescopic gun scope
USD767077S1 (en) 2015-02-13 2016-09-20 Dimitri Mikroulis Reticle
USD783115S1 (en) 2015-04-17 2017-04-04 Burris Company, Inc. Optical device reticle
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US10042177B1 (en) * 2015-09-28 2018-08-07 The United States of America as Represented by the Secretry of the Army Grid-based measuring and aiming reticle for optical sight
USD834629S1 (en) 2017-05-11 2018-11-27 Dimitri Mikroulis Reticle
US10254082B2 (en) 2013-01-11 2019-04-09 Hvrt Corp. Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US10288369B2 (en) * 2015-03-06 2019-05-14 Peter Richard Albury Bullpup stock assembly configured for accommodating multiple firearm assemblies
US10302395B1 (en) 2018-04-11 2019-05-28 Darrell Holland Quick aim reticle
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Cited By (136)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3858326A (en) * 1973-03-16 1975-01-07 Leslie A Hurd Method and apparatus of outdoor position locating
US3948587A (en) * 1974-01-28 1976-04-06 Rubbert Paul E Reticle and telescopic gunsight system
US4263719A (en) * 1976-08-16 1981-04-28 Murdoch Colin Albert Optical sighting devices
US4285137A (en) * 1980-01-15 1981-08-25 Jennie Fred L Trajectory compensating device
US4584776A (en) * 1980-11-13 1986-04-29 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4403421A (en) * 1980-11-13 1983-09-13 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4912853A (en) * 1981-11-17 1990-04-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Reticle plate and method for establishment of a north-oriented or south-oriented line by circumpolar orientation
US4531052A (en) * 1982-09-24 1985-07-23 Moore Sidney D Microcomputer-controlled optical apparatus for surveying, rangefinding and trajectory-compensating functions
US4965439A (en) * 1982-09-24 1990-10-23 Moore Sidney D Microcontroller-controlled device for surveying, rangefinding and trajectory compensation
US4777352A (en) * 1982-09-24 1988-10-11 Moore Sidney D Microcontroller operated optical apparatus for surveying rangefinding and trajectory compensating functions
US4787739A (en) * 1984-03-30 1988-11-29 Thomas W Gregory Range finder
US4998811A (en) * 1985-12-18 1991-03-12 Walter Basta Telescopic rifle sight with automatic setting of the elevation by an electromotor
US4734990A (en) * 1986-04-25 1988-04-05 Pursuit Corporation Viewing apparatus
US4822994A (en) * 1987-09-23 1989-04-18 Itt Electro Optical Products A Division Of Itt Corporation Small arms sight for use during daylight and nighttime conditions
US4886347A (en) * 1988-02-22 1989-12-12 Monroe John N Range-finding binocular
WO1999017135A2 (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-04-08 Riegl Laser Measurement Systems Gmbh Opto-electronic measuring device
WO1999017135A3 (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-05-20 Riegl Laser Measurement Sys Opto-electronic measuring device
US9068794B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2015-06-30 Horus Vision, Llc; Apparatus and method for aiming point calculation
US6032374A (en) * 1997-12-08 2000-03-07 Sammut; Dennis J. Gunsight and reticle therefor
US20110089238A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2011-04-21 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and Method for Calculating Aiming Point Information
US20090235570A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2009-09-24 Horus Vision Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US6453595B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2002-09-24 Horus Vision, Llc Gunsight and reticle therefor
US6516699B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2003-02-11 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information for rifle scopes
US7832137B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2010-11-16 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US8707608B2 (en) * 1997-12-08 2014-04-29 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US6681512B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2004-01-27 Horus Vision, Llc Gunsight and reticle therefor
US8109029B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2012-02-07 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US8966806B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2015-03-03 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US20050021282A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2005-01-27 Sammut Dennis J. Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US20070044364A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2007-03-01 Horus Vision Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US9335123B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2016-05-10 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for aiming point calculation
US7856750B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2010-12-28 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US5920995A (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-07-13 Sammut; Dennis J. Gunsight and reticle therefor
US7937878B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2011-05-10 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US8656630B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2014-02-25 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for aiming point calculation
US8230635B2 (en) * 1997-12-08 2012-07-31 Horus Vision Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
AU2009202691B2 (en) * 1997-12-08 2011-11-24 Horus Vision, Llc Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information for rifle scopes
US6131294A (en) * 1998-01-27 2000-10-17 Hakko Co., Ltd Telescopic sight with detachable night vision apparatus
US20050188600A1 (en) * 1998-01-29 2005-09-01 Malley Paul J. Telescopic weapon aiming system
US6868615B2 (en) * 1998-06-08 2005-03-22 Paul Joseph Malley Telescopic weapon aiming system
US20040025397A1 (en) * 1998-06-08 2004-02-12 Malley Paul Joseph Telescopic weapon aiming system
US20050005495A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2005-01-13 Smith Thomas D. Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using cross reference to related application
US7584570B2 (en) 1998-09-14 2009-09-08 Thomas D. Smith, III Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using cross reference to related application
US7069684B2 (en) * 1998-09-14 2006-07-04 Smith Iii Thomas D Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US20060010757A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2006-01-19 Smith Thomas D Iii Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US20060005449A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2006-01-12 Smith Thomas D Iii Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US7194838B2 (en) 1998-09-14 2007-03-27 Smith Iii Thomas D Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method of using
US20050210727A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2005-09-29 Smith Thomas D Iii Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US20070144052A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2007-06-28 Smith Thomas D Iii Reticle and method for using
US7237355B2 (en) 1998-09-14 2007-07-03 Smith Iii Thomas D Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US20050091903A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2005-05-05 Smith Thomas D.Iii Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US6591537B2 (en) * 1998-09-14 2003-07-15 Thomas D. Smith Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US20090183417A1 (en) * 1998-09-14 2009-07-23 Smith Iii Thomas D Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US7222452B2 (en) 1998-09-14 2007-05-29 Smith Iii Thomas D Reticle for telescopic gunsight and method for using
US6357158B1 (en) 1998-09-14 2002-03-19 Smith, Iii Thomas D. Reticle-equipped telescopic gunsight and aiming system
US6598332B1 (en) 2000-02-25 2003-07-29 Hakko Co., Ltd Riflescope with adjustable eyepiece
US7328531B2 (en) * 2003-09-29 2008-02-12 Dietz Gregory D Gun sight and method for hitting a moving target
US20050086848A1 (en) * 2003-09-29 2005-04-28 Dietz Gregory D. Gun sight and method for hitting a moving target
US20090199451A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2009-08-13 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Ballistic reticle and riflescope for projectile weapon aiming system
US20050229468A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2005-10-20 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Ballistic reticle for projectile weapon aiming systems and method of aiming
US7603804B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2009-10-20 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Ballistic reticle for projectile weapon aiming systems and method of aiming
US8286384B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2012-10-16 Leupold & Stevens, Inc. Ballistic range compensation for projectile weapon aiming based on ammunition classification
US10295307B2 (en) 2003-11-12 2019-05-21 Hvrt Corp. Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
US9459077B2 (en) 2003-11-12 2016-10-04 Hvrt Corp. Apparatus and method for calculating aiming point information
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