US3100965A - Hydraulic power supply - Google Patents

Hydraulic power supply Download PDF

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US3100965A
US3100965A US843326A US84332659A US3100965A US 3100965 A US3100965 A US 3100965A US 843326 A US843326 A US 843326A US 84332659 A US84332659 A US 84332659A US 3100965 A US3100965 A US 3100965A
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fluid
gas
switching valve
cylinders
pressure
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US843326A
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Charles M Blackburn
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Charles M Blackburn
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B11/00Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor
    • F15B11/06Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor involving features specific to the use of a compressible medium, e.g. air, steam
    • F15B11/072Combined pneumatic-hydraulic systems
    • F15B11/0725Combined pneumatic-hydraulic systems with the driving energy being derived from a pneumatic system, a subsequent hydraulic system displacing or controlling the output element
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02KJET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02K9/00Rocket- engine plants, i.e. plants carrying both fuel and oxidant therefor; Control thereof
    • F02K9/72Rocket- engine plants, i.e. plants carrying both fuel and oxidant therefor; Control thereof using liquid and solid propellants, i.e. hybrid rocket-engine plants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2211/00Circuits for servomotor systems
    • F15B2211/20Fluid pressure source, e.g. accumulator or variable axial piston pump
    • F15B2211/205Systems with pumps
    • F15B2211/20576Systems with pumps with multiple pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2211/00Circuits for servomotor systems
    • F15B2211/20Fluid pressure source, e.g. accumulator or variable axial piston pump
    • F15B2211/21Systems with pressure sources other than pumps, e.g. with a pyrotechnical charge
    • F15B2211/216Systems with pressure sources other than pumps, e.g. with a pyrotechnical charge the pressure sources being pneumatic-to-hydraulic converters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2211/00Circuits for servomotor systems
    • F15B2211/50Pressure control
    • F15B2211/505Pressure control characterised by the type of pressure control means
    • F15B2211/50509Pressure control characterised by the type of pressure control means the pressure control means controlling a pressure upstream of the pressure control means
    • F15B2211/50518Pressure control characterised by the type of pressure control means the pressure control means controlling a pressure upstream of the pressure control means using pressure relief valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2211/00Circuits for servomotor systems
    • F15B2211/50Pressure control
    • F15B2211/515Pressure control characterised by the connections of the pressure control means in the circuit
    • F15B2211/5151Pressure control characterised by the connections of the pressure control means in the circuit being connected to a pressure source and a directional control valve
    • F15B2211/5152Pressure control characterised by the connections of the pressure control means in the circuit being connected to a pressure source and a directional control valve being connected to multiple pressure sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B2211/00Circuits for servomotor systems
    • F15B2211/60Circuit components or control therefor
    • F15B2211/63Electronic controllers
    • F15B2211/6303Electronic controllers using input signals
    • F15B2211/6306Electronic controllers using input signals representing a pressure
    • F15B2211/6309Electronic controllers using input signals representing a pressure the pressure being a pressure source supply pressure

Description

Allg- 1963 c. M. BLACKBURN 3,100,965"

HYDRAULIC POWER SUPPLY Filed Sept. 29, 1959 fi i ATOR INVENTOR. CHARLES M. BLACKBURN ATTORNEYS United States Patent Ofiice 3,100,965 Patented Aug. 20, 1963 The present invention relates generally to hydraulic power supply systems and more particularly to a missile hydraulic power supply.

Desirable features for components of guided missiles are simplicity, lightness, strength and reliability. Hydraulic systems now in use include turbopump components which contain a multiplicity of parts and are, therefore, complicated and relatively heavy.

The principal object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a missile power supply wherein complicated and physically heavy parts, such as turbo-generators, are eliminated.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus which will supply a constant flow of high pressure fluid to a hydraulic servo system or a hydraulically driven electrical generator.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a power supply for the purpose set forth that will be simple in construction and highly efficient in use.

Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing.

The single FIGURE of the drawing is a block diagram showing the improved missile power supply.

Briefly, the power supply according to the invention includes as a hydraulic pressure generating mechanism either a piston or diaphragm within a cylinder against which gas under pressure is applied displacing the piston or diaphragm and causing delivery of hydraulic pressure fluid. The gas under pressure may be supplied from a solid or liquid propellant gas generator of generally known construction, from a rocket chamber, or froma missile exhaust nozzle. More specifically, the pistons or diaphragms within the cylinders separate the activating gas from the hydraulic fluid and serve to transfer energy from the gas to the fluid without contamination of the fluid. Because of limited displacement in a single cylinder, a pair of cylinders are utilized in an alternating cycle which permits one cylinder to deliver pressure fluid and diminish the volume of fluid contained therein while the other cylinder acts as a sump and recharges itself with fluid. When the one cylinder reaches its displacemerit limit, means operate to interchange the other cylinder with the one, thereby insuring a continuous flow of fluid.

With reference to the drawing, the invention coinprises a gas generator which supplies hot gas under pressure. A supply line 11 connects the gas generator 10 to a high temperature gas pressure regulator 12. A sole noid actuated four-way gas switching valve 13 is connected to the gas pressure regulator 12 by supply line 14.

The valve 13 directs the supply of gas under pressure from the pressure regulator 12 alternately through conduit 15 or 16 to cylinder 17 or 18. The conduit 15 or 16 not connected to conduit 14 is connected by the valve 13 to a vent 19.

The fluid pressure generating cylinders 17 and 18 include displaceable pistons 20 and 21 which transfer the energy of the gas to the fluid. Instead of pistons, standard metallic diaphragms, not shown, may be used. Within cylinders 17 and 18, the pistons 20 and 21, re-

spectively, separate power producing hydraulic fluid or liquid in said cylinders below said pistons from the ap plied gaseous medium abovesaid pistons. When the load demands flow of pressure fluid, gas pressure inthe particular cylinder 17 or 18 which is at the time connected to conduit 14 causes displacement of piston 20 or 21 forcing fluid from the cylinder to be delivered to the load and reducing the volume of fluid contained therein. At the same time, the cylinder 17 or 18 connected to vent 19 receives fluid returned from the load, .in a manner shortly to be described. Conduits 24 and 25 are connected from the lower or outlet ends 26 and 27 of the cylinders 17 and 18 to two opposite lines of a four-way solenoid operatedhydraulic fluid switching valve 28. The two remaining lines 29 and 30 ofvalve 28 serve as fluid pressure and return lines, respectively. Valve 28 is synchronized with valve 13 so that whenever valve 13 is positioned to deliver gas pressure to cylinder 17, valve 28 connects conduit 24 to the load pressure line 29 and conduit 25 to load drain line 30. The load 32 may comprise a conventional hydraulic transfer valve 33 and actuator 34 or any other hydraulically operated device, such as a fluid motor.

The positions of valves 13 and 28 are controlled by solenoids 35 and 36, respectively. The solenoids are of the rotary form, such as described in US. Patent No. 2,539,090 to George N. Leland, which convert a momentary electrical impulse into rotary movements. In this case, a rotation of is provided for each impulse supplied. As will be readily understood from the schematic representation of the valves, it is unnecessary to change the direction of rotation in order to interchange passages between the four valve lines. Rotation in a. single direction, as supplied by the solenoids, is therefore satisfactory.

Solenoids 35 and 36 are simultaneously energized by means of a circuit including a battery 37 and switches 38 and 39, the closure of either of which will supply an operating impulse. When one of the pistons finishes its pressure stroke in its cylinder, say cylinder 17, piston 20 contacts switch 38 thereby closing the circuit through solenoids 35 and 36 hence reversing valves 13 and 28 and substituting cylinder 18 for cylinder 17 as the pressure fluid source.

A hydraulic by-pass or pressure regulator 40 may be connected between the fluid pressure and return lines 29 and 30, if desired, for the purpose of eliminating excessive fluid pressure build-up.

Summarizing, the operation of the invention is as follows. In the position in which piston 20 is shown in the drawing, gas is conducted from the generator 10 through supply line 11, regulator 12, supply line 14, gas switching valve 13, conduit 15 to cylinder 17 and exerts pressure on the piston 26 forcing the piston downward. The piston 20 acts on the hydraulic fluid beneath it and drives fluid under pressure through conduit 24 to the fluid switching valve 28. Fluid under pressure is then transferred by valve 28 through pressure line 29 to the load 32. Drain fluid from the load returns by line 30, valve 28 and conduit 25 to cylinder 18 to move piston 21 upwardly, driving gas not under pressure through conduit 16 to valve 13, to be vented to the atmosphere through vent 19.

When the piston 20 of cylinder 17 reaches the end of a pressure stroke, the switch 38 is closed and the valves 13 and 28 reverse their position. The gas switching valve 13 then diverts the gas from generator 10 through conduit 16 to cylinder 18 to act on piston 21, and permits gas from the cylinder 17 to escape through vent 19. Simi larly, the fluid switching valve 28 transfers the fluid under pressure from cylinder 18 to pressure line 29 and trans fers the drain fluid from the return line 30 through conduit 24 to cylinder 17. Thus the operation of piston 21 is the same as piston 20. Closure of switch 39 by the piston 21 will cause the valves Band 28 to operate as first described.

It will be understood, of course, that gas regulator 12 and valve 13 can be protected from the effects of gas at excessive temperatures by cooling supply lines 11 and 14 in any convenient manner.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended, claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

l'. A hydraulic power supply for a guided missile, com-- prising a source of gas under pressure, an electrically operated gas switching valve connected to said source, atleast a pair of fluid pressure generating cylinders connected to said gas switching valve, said gas switching-valve supplying alternately gas under pressure from said source to one of said cylinders and exhausting alternately gas from the other of said cylinders asthe'switching valve is operated, said one cylinder receiving gas under pressure being arranged to discharge fluid, said other cylinder exhausting gas being arranged to receive fluid, a disc-shaped displacement piston dividing each of said cylinders into a pair of expansible chambers and slidably disposed therein, the first of said chambers being supplied with gas, the second of said chambers containing fluid, said disc-shaped displacement pistons being subjected alternately to gas under pressure in said first chamber for pressurizing the fluid in said second chamber, a gas switching circuit, a switch included in said circuit and disposed within said first chamber and actuated by the disc-shaped piston therein, a solenoid included in said gas switching circuit for operating said gas switching valve as the switch in said first chamber is actuated by the disc-shaped piston therein, an electrically operated fluid switching valve having a pair of conduits respectively connected to said second chambers of said cylinders,.a load pressure line connected to said fluid switching valve, aiload drain line connected 'to' said fluid switching valve, said fluid switching valve being arranged to interchange connections from said con duits from said second chambers of said cylinders with said load pressure line and said load drain line so as to maintain said load pressure line connected to the one of said second chambers delivering pressure fluid as the fluid switching valve is operated, a fluid switch circuit, an additional switch included in said fluid switching circuit and disposed Within said second chamber and actuated by the disc-shaped piston therein, and an additional solenoid included in said fluid switching circuit for operating the fluid switching valve as the additional switch is actuated by the disc-shaped piston in the second chamber.

.2. A hydraulic power supply for a guided missile, com-' prising a source of gas under pressure, a gas pressure regulator connected to said source, an electrically operated gas switching valve connected to said pressure regulator, at least a pair of fluid pressure generating cylinders connected to said gas switching valve, said gas switching valve supplying gas under constant pressure from said gas pressure regulator to. one or the other of said cylinders, the one of said cylinders receiving gas under pressure being arranged to discharge fluid, a disc-shaped displacement piston within each of said cylinders, a quantity of fluid contained by said cylinders and separated from the gas within said cylinders by said disc-shaped displacement pistons, said pistons being displaceable by gas under pressure for discharging fluid under pressure from said cylinders, an electrically operated fluid switching valve having conduits connected to each of said cylinders, a load, a pressure supply line connected from said fluid switching valve to said load, a drain line connected from said load to said fluid switching valve, an electrical switch disposed within each cylinder of said pair of cylindersengageable with and actuated by said pistons, means responsive to an electrical impulse connected to the switch in each cylinder and operated as the switch in each cylinder is actuated by the disc-shaped displacement piston therein for reversing the position of said gas switching valve and said fluid switching valve in synchronism whereby pressure fluid will be continuously maintained in said load supply line, and circuit means including a battery connecting the switch in each cylinder and the means responsive to said electrical impulse for supplying said impulse thereto.

3. A hydraulic power supply for a guided missile, comprising a source of gas under pressure, a gas pressure regulator connected to said source, an electrically operated gas switching valve connected to said regulator, at least a pair of liquid pressure generating cylinders connected to said gas switching valve, said gas switching valve supplying alternately gas under constant pressure from said gas pressure regulator to one of said cylinders and exhausting alternately gas from the other of said cylinders, said one cylinder receiving gas under pressure being arranged to discharge liquid, said other cylinder exhausting gas being arranged to receive liquid, disc piston means dividing each of said cylinders into a pair of expansible chambers, the first of said chambers being supplied with gas, the second of said chambers containing liquid, said disc piston means being subjected alternately. to gas under pressure in said'first chamber for pressurizing the liquid in said second chamber, a conduit connected to each of said second chambers, anelectrically operated liquid switching valve connected to said conduits, a load, a pressure supply line connected from said liquid switching valve to said load, a drain line connected from said load to said liquid switching valve, switch means controlled by said disc piston means in each cylinder, solenoid means operated as the switch means are actuated to a closed position by said disc piston means for reversing the position of said gas switching valve and said liquid switching valve in synchronism whereby pressure liquid will becontinuously maintained in said load supply line, and circuit means including battery means connecting the switch means and solenoid means for supplying operating energy to the sole.- noid as the switch means are actuated to said closed position. i I

4; A hydraulic power supply for a" guided missile, comprising a source of gas under pressure, a gas pressure regulator connected to said source, a gas switching valve connected to said regulator, at least a pair of liquid pressure generating cylinders connected to said gas switching valve, said gas switching valve supplying gas under,

constant pressure from gas pressure regulator to one of said cylinders, said other cylinder exhausting gas being arranged to receive liquid, a disc piston slidably disposed within each of said cylinders, aquantity of liquid contained by said cylinders and separated from the gas within said cylinders by said pistons, said disc pistons being displaceable by gas under pressure for discharging liquid under pressure from said cylinders, a conduit connected to each of said cylinders, a liquid switching valve connected alternately to each of said cylinders through said conduit, a load, a pressure supply line connected from said liquid switching valve to said load, a drain line connected from said load to said liquid switching yalve, a liquid pressure regulator connected between said supply line and said drain line, and switch means disposed within each cylinder of said pair of cylinders and actuated altersaid electrically operated gas switching valve, said electrically operated gas switching valve supplying alternately gas under pressure from said source to one of said cylinders and exhausting alternately gas from the other of said cylinders, said one cylinder receiving gas under pressure being arranged to discharge fluid, said other cylinder exhausting gas being arranged to receive fluid, disc piston means dividing each of said cylinders into a pair of expansible chambers and slidably disposed therein, the first of said chambers being supplied with gas, the second of said chambers containing fluid, said disc piston means being subjected alternately to gas under pressure in said first chamber for pressurizing the fluid in said second chamber, an electrically operated fluid switching valve connected to said second chambers of said cylinders, a load, a pressure supply line connected from said fluid switching valve to said load, a drain line connected from said load to said fluid switching valve, electrical means connected between said valves and said second chambers,

said switch means actuated alternately to a closed position by each of said disc piston means, electrical impulse responsive means operated as the switch means are moved to said closed position for reversing the position of said gas switching valve and said fluid switching valve in synchronism whereby pressure fluid will be continuously maintained in said load supply line, and circuit means including a battery connecting said switch means and the electrical impulse responsive means for suplying an electrical impulse thereto as the switch means moves to said closed position. 1

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Claims (1)

1. A HYDRAULIC POWER SUPPLY FOR A GUIDED MISSILE, COMPRISING A SOURCE OF GAS UNDER PRESSURE, AN ELECTRICALLY OPERATED GAS SWITCHING VALVE CONNECTED TO SAID SOURCE, AT LEAST A PAIR OF FLUID PRESSURE GENERATING CYLINDERS CONNECTED TO SAID GAS SWITCHING VALVE, SAID GAS SWITCHING VALVE SUPPLYING ALTERNATELY GAS UNDER PRESSURE FROM SAID SOURCE TO ONE OF SAID CYLINDERS AND EXHAUSTING ALTERNATELY GAS FROM THE OTHER OF SAID CYLINDERS AS THE SWITCHING VALVE IS OPERATED, SAID ONE CYLINDER RECEIVING GAS UNDER PRESSURE BEING ARRANGED TO DISCHARGE FLUID, SAID OTHER CYLINDER EXHAUSTING GAS BEING ARRANGED TO RECEIVE FLUID, A DISC-SHAPED DISPLACEMENT PISTON DIVIDING EACH OF SAID CYLINDERS INTO A PAIR OF EXPANSIBLE CHAMBERS AND SLIDABLY DISPOSED THEREIN, THE FIRST OF SAID CHAMBERS BEING SUPPLIED WITH GAS, THE SECOND OF SAID CHAMBERS CONTAINING FLUID, SAID DISC-SHAPED DISPLACEMENT PISTONS BEING SUBJECTED ALTERNATELY TO GAS UNDER PRESSURE IN SAID FIRST CHAMBER FOR PRESSURIZING THE FLUID IN SAID SECOND CHAMBER, A GAS SWITCHING CIRCUIT, A SWITCH INCLUDED IN SAID CIRCUIT AND DISPOSED WITHIN SAID FIRST CHAMBER AND ACTUATED BY THE DISC-SHAPED PISTON THEREIN, A SOLENOID INCLUDED IN SAID GAS SWITCHING CIRCUIT FOR OPERATING SAID GAS SWITCHING VALVE AS THE SWITCH IN SAID FIRST CHAMBER IS ACTUATED BY THE DISC-SHAPED PISTON THEREIN, AN ELECTRICALLY OPERATED FLUID SWITCHING VALVE HAVING A PAIR OF CONDUITS RESPECTIVELY CONNECTED TO SAID SECOND CHAMBERS OF SAID CYLINDERS, A LOAD PRESSURE LINE CONNECTED TO SAID FLUID SWITCHING VALVE, A LOAD DRAIN LINE CONNECTED TO SAID FLUID SWITCHING VALVE, SAID FLUID SWITCHING VALVE BEING ARRANGED TO INTERCHANGE CONNECTIONS FROM SAID CONDUITS FROM SAID SECOND CHAMBERS OF SAID CYLINDERS WITH SAID LOAD PRESSURE LINE AND SAID LOAD DRAIN LINE SO AS TO MAINTAIN SAID LOAD PRESSURE LINE CONNECTED TO THE ONE OF SAID SECOND CHAMBERS DELIVERING PRESSURE FLUID AS THE FLUID SWITCHING VALVE IS OPERATED, A FLUID SWITCH CIRCUIT, AN ADDITIONAL SWITCH INCLUDED IN SAID FLUID SWITCHING CIRCUIT AND DISPOSED WITHIN SAID SECOND CHAMBER AND ACTUATED BY THE DISC-SHAPED PISTON THEREIN, AND AN ADDITIONAL SOLENOID INCLUDED IN SAID FLUID SWITCHING CIRCUIT FOR OPERATING THE FLUID SWITCHING VALVE AS THE ADDITIONAL SWITCH IS ACTUATED BY THE DISC-SHAPED PISTON IN THE SECOND CHAMBER.
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