US2830546A - Shingle - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2830546A
US2830546A US57810156A US2830546A US 2830546 A US2830546 A US 2830546A US 57810156 A US57810156 A US 57810156A US 2830546 A US2830546 A US 2830546A
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Prior art keywords
shingle
hook member
portion
blank
shingles
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Expired - Lifetime
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Dondeville M Rippe
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Dondeville Proudcts Co Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/12Roofing elements shaped as plain tiles or shingles, i.e. with flat outer surface
    • E04D1/18Roofing elements shaped as plain tiles or shingles, i.e. with flat outer surface of metal

Description

D. M. RIPPE April 15, 1958 SHINGLE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 15, 1956 D. M. RIPPE SHINGLE April 15, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 13. 1956 United States Patent O SHINGLE Dondeville M. Rippe, Webster Groves, M0., assignor to Dontleville Products Co., Inc., Webster Groves, Mo, a corporation of Missouri Application April 13, 1956, Serial No. 578,101

4 Claims. (Cl. IDS-17) This invention relates to shingles, and more particularly to roofing and siding shingles made of sheet metal, such as aluminum.

Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of an improved construction for sheet metal shingles, more particularly aluminum shingles, which is such that the shingles are economical to manufacture and easy to install in weather-tight and vibrationproof manner, and which are adapted for effective drainage of any condensate that may form on their undersides; and the provision of shingles of the class described which, in addition to having the stated features, may be made to have an appearance simulating that of standard composition shingles. Other objects and features will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the constructions hereinafter described, the scope of the invention being indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, in which one of various possible embodiments of the invention is illustrated,

Fig. 1 is a view in elevation of a sheet metal blank shaped for manufacture into a shingle of this invention;

Fig. 2 is a view in elevation, broken away in the center, showing the weather face of a shingle of this invention made from the Fig. 1 blank;

Fig. 3 is a view in elevation, broken away in the center, of the inside face of the Fig. 2 shingle;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a view in elevation showing a number of shingles of this invention in their interfitted position as applied to a roof;

Figs. 6-10 are enlarged sections taken on lines 6-6, 7-7, 88, 9-9 and Ill-10, respectively of Fig. 5, Fig. 8 being drawn on a larger scale than the other sections and being broken away in the center; and,

Fig. 11 is a section taken on line 11-11 of Fig. 8.

Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawlngs.

Referring to the drawings, Fig. 1 shows a blank 1 of sheet metal, such as aluminum, shaped for processing into a shingle of this invention. As illustrated, the blank is generally of long narrow rectangular shape. The upper left corner as viewed in Fig. 1 is cut off at an angle as indicated at 3. The lower right corner of the blank is shown to be notched as indicated at 5. The lower left corner is shown as cut off at an angle as indicated at 7. The upper margin of the blank is shown as having a vertical slit 9 adjacent the right end of the blank and a nail hole 11 between this slit and the right end of the blank. The right end margin of the blank is shown as having a notch 13 adjacent the upper edge of the blank. Adjacent its upper edge, the blank has a series of indentations or bosses 15.

Fig. 2 illustrates the outside or weather face 17 of a shingle S formed from the blank 1, and Fig. 3 illustrates the inside or under surface 19 of the shingle. As shown,

ice.

2 the shingle has a first integral hook member 21 on the outside along its top. This is formed by bending over the upper marginal portion of the blank 1 extending from angled corner 3 to the right end of the blank generally on the line 23 indicated in Fig. 1 to overlie the outside face 17 of the shingle. The portion of the hook member 21 to the right of the slit 9 is designated 25 and includes the nail hole 11. The hook member 21 is substantially fiat and extends from the bend on line 23 (which constitutes the upper edge of the finished shingle) at an acute angle to the body portion 27 of the shingle (see Fig. 8). The previously mentioned indentations or bosses 15 are formed in the blank between line 23 and the upper edge of the blank projecting in such direction that, when hook member 21 is bent over, they project inwardly from the hook member toward the face 17 of the shingle (see Fig. 8). In production, the hook member 21 is bent over to the point where the noses of the indentations engage the face 17 of the shingle. However, when the bending force is released, hook member 21 springs back to some extent so that the noses of the indentations are slightly spaced from the face 17 of the shingle. It is preferred that this spacing be less than the thickness of the shingle material.

The shingle S has a second integral hook member generally designated 29 on the inside along its bottom or butt. This is formed by bending over the lower marginal portion of the blank 1 extending from the angled corner 7 to the corner notch 5 to overlie the inside face 19 of the shingle. This bend is preferably made on two lines 31 and 33 so that the hook member 29 has a relatively broad base portion 35 generally at right angles to the body of the shingle and an upwardly extending fiat portion 37 which is spaced from and generally parallel to the body portion 27 of the shingle (see Fig. 8). The base portion 35 forms the bottom or butt of the shingle. The height of the upstanding portion 37 of the 'hook member 29 as measured from its upper edge 3? to its base portion 35 (indicated at H in Fig. 8) is preferably slightly less than the distance measured along the body portion of the shingle from the upper edge 23 of the shingle to the level of the lower edge 41 of the first hook member 21. The spacing of the upstanding portion 37 of the hook member 29 from the body portion 27 of the shingle is preferably slightly greater than the spacing of the lower edge 41 of the hook member 21 from the body portion of the shingle.

The shingle has a third integral hook member 43 (see Figs. 2, 5, 7 and 9) on the outside along its right end edge. This is formed by bending over the end marginal portion of the blank extending between the notches 5 and 13 on the line 45 indicated in Fig. l to overlie the outside face 17 of the shingle. The bend on line 45 constitutes the right end edge of the shingle. The portion of the blank above the notch 13 is not bent over, and forms a nailing tab portion 47 in association with and underlying the portion 25, and projecting endwise from the shingle at its upper right corner.

The shingle has a fourth integral hook member 49 (see Figs. 3, 5, 6 and 9) on the inside along its other end edge. This is formed by bending over the end marginal portion of the blank 1 extending between the angled corners 7 and 3 on the line 51 indicated in Fig. l to overlie the inside face 19 of the shingle. The bend on line 51 constitutes the left end edge of the shingle. Hook member 49 is narrower than hook member 43.

The shingles S are applied to a roof as illustrated in Fig. 5 in horizontal courses with the shingles of any given course horizontally staggered with respect to the shingles of the course below and the course above. The I 43 at the right end of the shingle which lies to the left of the given shingle in the respective course of shingles (see Figs. 5 and 9). The given shingle is set so as to be substantially horizontally aligned with the shingle toward its left and to have its butt hook member 29 (which is on the inside) hooked under the upper hook member 21 of the two shingles in the next lower course (see Figs. 5 and 8). Each shingle, as laid, is fastened by inserting a nail N in its nail hole 11 and driving the nail through the tab portion 47, the tab portion 25 being flattened out on portion 47 (see Figs. 5 and 10).

Since the noses of the indentations 15 are spaced from the face 17 of the shingle less than the thickness of the material, the insertion of the upstanding portion 37 of the hook member 29 of a shingle under the hook me ber 21 of a shingle in the next course below results in outward movement of the hook member 21 against its inherent spring bias and clamping of the portion 37 between the noses of the indentations and the face 17 of the shingle. This prevents vibration of the shingles and makes a tight seal over a broad area to prevent rain from driving between face 17 and portion 37.

Condensate forming on the underside of any given shingle runs down the underside of the shingle and past the edge 41 of the hook member 21 of a shingle in the next course below into the gutter defined by the bend 33 of the hook member of the given shingle. It will be observed that the stamping of the indentations 15 results in drawing inward of edge portions of the metal adjacent the indentations to form depressions 53 in the edge 41 of the hook member 21. These depressions provide spaces insuring flow of condensate past the edge 41 of the hook member, even though the edge 41 may be otherwise in contact with the shingle above. The condensate collecting in the gutter corner at 33 runs down toward one end of the hook member 29 and drains out onto the weather face of a shingle in the next course below.

The shingles may be made from corrugated or embossed sheet aluminum to simulate composition shingles, if desired. For example, the shingles may be made of sheet aluminum embossed to have a grained appearance as indicated at 55 in Fig. 5.

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.

As various changes could be made in the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. A sheet metal shingle of generally rectangular shape having a first integral hook member on the outside along its top, a second integral hook member on the inside along its bottom, a third integral hook member on the outside along one end, and a fourth integral hook memher on the inside along the other end, said first hook member comprising an integral generally fiat portion of the shingle extending from the top edge of the body of the shingle at an acute angle to the body of the shingle, said fiat portion having a series of integral individual bosses formed thereon projecting inward from said fiat portion toward the outside of the body of the shingle, said bosses being spaced along the length of said flat portion with the spacing between bosses relatively great in relation to the size of the bosses, said angle being such that the noses of the bosses are spaced from the outside of the body of the shingle a distance less than the thickness of the sheet metal of the shingle, said bottom hook member of one shingle being adapted to be booked in under said angled fiat portion of another shingle and being springingly engageable by the bosses of said other shingle, whereby condensate droplets formed on the undersurface of a shingle will flow past the top edge of said other shingle.

2. A sheet metal shingle as set forth in claim 1 wherein said second hook member comprises a base portion which forms the butt of the shingle generally at right angles to the body of the shingle and an upstanding flat portion substantially parallel to the body of the shingle and spaced from the body of the shingle a distance slightly greater than the spacing from the body of the shingle of the lower edge of the said angled fiat portion, said upstanding fiat portion of one shingle being adapted to be hooked in under said angled fiat portion of another and being engageable by the bosses of said other shingle, and the top edge of said other shingle being spaced from the body of said one shingle a distance substantially corresponding to the height of the butt of said one shingle.

3. A sheet metal shingle as set forth in claim 1 wherein said third and fourth book members are of different width.

4. A sheet metal shingle as set forth in claim 1 having a nailing tab portion projecting endwise from its body portion at the upper corner of the shingle at the end of the shingle having the third hook member, said first hook member having a slit at said end of the shingle dividing said first hook member to form a nailing tab portion overlying the first-mentioned nailing tab portion and adapted to be flattened down on the first-mentioned nailing tab portion.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 553,514 Crawford Jan. 28, 1896 996,750 Dolph July 4, 1911 1,589,675 Belding June 22, 1926 1,625,688 Schaelfer Apr. 19, 1927 2,243,256 Miller May 27, 1941 2,631,552 Korter Mar. 17, 1953

US2830546A 1956-04-13 1956-04-13 Shingle Expired - Lifetime US2830546A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3135070A (en) * 1960-06-10 1964-06-02 Reynolds Metals Co Building and roof construction
US3216741A (en) * 1964-01-15 1965-11-09 Windell C Newlin Base enclosure for trailers
US3269075A (en) * 1963-11-08 1966-08-30 Bryan L Cosden Aluminum shingle
US3312031A (en) * 1966-04-04 1967-04-04 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Shingle structure with reentrant joint configurations and a nailing tab
US4450665A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-05-29 Vinyl Improvement Products Company Interlocking building siding
US4671037A (en) * 1986-06-11 1987-06-09 Joseph Bienvenu Roof construction
EP0350587A1 (en) * 1988-07-15 1990-01-17 Tobia Scarpa Modular roofing element
US5355649A (en) * 1989-11-03 1994-10-18 Berridge Jack A Method and apparatus for improved moisture resistant seam assembly
US5442888A (en) * 1992-12-08 1995-08-22 Ilnyckyj; Peter Shingles
US20030131551A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2003-07-17 Crane Plastics Company Llc Vinyl siding
US20050210807A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Da Vinci Roofscapes, L.L.C. Shingle with interlocking water diverter tabs
US6988345B1 (en) 2003-02-03 2006-01-24 Crane Plastics Company Llc Lineal
US20060026920A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2006-02-09 Fairbanks Larry R Straight face vinyl siding
US20060053948A1 (en) * 2003-05-28 2006-03-16 Akhil Mahendra Variable ratio brake pedal linkage mechanism
US7520098B1 (en) 2004-01-16 2009-04-21 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Stepped tile shingle
US7563478B1 (en) 2002-08-26 2009-07-21 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Synthetic roofing shingles
US7685787B1 (en) 2005-12-28 2010-03-30 Crane Building Products Llc System and method for leveling or alignment of panels
US20100077689A1 (en) * 2006-10-25 2010-04-01 Certainteed Corporation Synthetic Shingle or Tile With Stress Relief Nail Zones
US7726092B1 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-06-01 The Crane Group Companies Limited Window sill and trim corner assembly
US20100275542A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-11-04 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc One Piece Hip and Ridge Shingle
US20110041446A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2011-02-24 James Stephens Shingle and Method of Using the Shingle
US7934352B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2011-05-03 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Grooved foam backed panels
US8006455B1 (en) 2004-12-29 2011-08-30 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Backed panel and system for connecting backed panels
US8225568B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-07-24 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Backed building structure panel having grooved and ribbed surface
US8225567B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-07-24 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Siding having backer with features for drainage, ventilation, and receiving adhesive
US8336269B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-12-25 Exterior Portfolio Llc Siding having facing and backing portion with grooved and ribbed backing portion surface
US8381472B1 (en) 2010-06-17 2013-02-26 Exterior Portfolio, Llc System and method for adjoining siding
US8795813B2 (en) 2011-02-22 2014-08-05 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Ribbed backed panels
EP2778312A1 (en) * 2013-03-16 2014-09-17 Hans Laukien GmbH Metal shingle and unit comprising a plurality of metal shingles

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US553514A (en) * 1896-01-28 Frederick crawford
US996750A (en) * 1911-03-29 1911-07-04 Cyrus Dolph Metallic shingle.
US1589675A (en) * 1925-10-05 1926-06-22 George A Belding Sheet-metal shingle
US1625688A (en) * 1925-11-25 1927-04-19 George W Schaeffer Roof-flashing sealing and retaining device
US2243256A (en) * 1938-04-25 1941-05-27 Thomas D Miller Metal roof covering
US2631552A (en) * 1950-01-09 1953-03-17 Louis J Korter Aluminum shingle

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US553514A (en) * 1896-01-28 Frederick crawford
US996750A (en) * 1911-03-29 1911-07-04 Cyrus Dolph Metallic shingle.
US1589675A (en) * 1925-10-05 1926-06-22 George A Belding Sheet-metal shingle
US1625688A (en) * 1925-11-25 1927-04-19 George W Schaeffer Roof-flashing sealing and retaining device
US2243256A (en) * 1938-04-25 1941-05-27 Thomas D Miller Metal roof covering
US2631552A (en) * 1950-01-09 1953-03-17 Louis J Korter Aluminum shingle

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3135070A (en) * 1960-06-10 1964-06-02 Reynolds Metals Co Building and roof construction
US3269075A (en) * 1963-11-08 1966-08-30 Bryan L Cosden Aluminum shingle
US3216741A (en) * 1964-01-15 1965-11-09 Windell C Newlin Base enclosure for trailers
US3312031A (en) * 1966-04-04 1967-04-04 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Shingle structure with reentrant joint configurations and a nailing tab
US4450665A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-05-29 Vinyl Improvement Products Company Interlocking building siding
US4671037A (en) * 1986-06-11 1987-06-09 Joseph Bienvenu Roof construction
EP0350587A1 (en) * 1988-07-15 1990-01-17 Tobia Scarpa Modular roofing element
WO1990000654A1 (en) * 1988-07-15 1990-01-25 Tobia Scarpa Modular roofing element
US5355649A (en) * 1989-11-03 1994-10-18 Berridge Jack A Method and apparatus for improved moisture resistant seam assembly
US5442888A (en) * 1992-12-08 1995-08-22 Ilnyckyj; Peter Shingles
US7467500B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2008-12-23 Crane Building Products Llc Straight face siding
US7984597B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2011-07-26 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Vinyl siding
US20030131551A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2003-07-17 Crane Plastics Company Llc Vinyl siding
US20060026920A1 (en) * 2000-11-20 2006-02-09 Fairbanks Larry R Straight face vinyl siding
US7204062B2 (en) 2000-11-20 2007-04-17 Crane Plastics Company Llc Straight face vinyl siding
US7563478B1 (en) 2002-08-26 2009-07-21 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Synthetic roofing shingles
US6988345B1 (en) 2003-02-03 2006-01-24 Crane Plastics Company Llc Lineal
US20060053948A1 (en) * 2003-05-28 2006-03-16 Akhil Mahendra Variable ratio brake pedal linkage mechanism
US7726092B1 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-06-01 The Crane Group Companies Limited Window sill and trim corner assembly
US8555582B2 (en) 2003-10-17 2013-10-15 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Siding having facing and backing portion with grooved and ribbed backing portion surface
US7934352B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2011-05-03 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Grooved foam backed panels
US8225567B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-07-24 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Siding having backer with features for drainage, ventilation, and receiving adhesive
US8336269B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-12-25 Exterior Portfolio Llc Siding having facing and backing portion with grooved and ribbed backing portion surface
US8225568B1 (en) 2003-10-17 2012-07-24 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Backed building structure panel having grooved and ribbed surface
US7520098B1 (en) 2004-01-16 2009-04-21 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Stepped tile shingle
US7845141B2 (en) 2004-03-11 2010-12-07 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Shingle with interlocking water diverter tabs
US7331150B2 (en) * 2004-03-11 2008-02-19 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc Shingle with interlocking water diverter tabs
US20050210807A1 (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-29 Da Vinci Roofscapes, L.L.C. Shingle with interlocking water diverter tabs
US8006455B1 (en) 2004-12-29 2011-08-30 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Backed panel and system for connecting backed panels
US9309678B1 (en) 2004-12-29 2016-04-12 Paul J. Mollinger Backed panel and system for connecting backed panels
US9816277B2 (en) 2004-12-29 2017-11-14 Royal Building Products (Usa) Inc. Backed panel and system for connecting backed panels
US7685787B1 (en) 2005-12-28 2010-03-30 Crane Building Products Llc System and method for leveling or alignment of panels
US8261505B2 (en) * 2006-10-25 2012-09-11 Certainteed Corporation Synthetic shingle or tile with stress relief nail zones
US20100077689A1 (en) * 2006-10-25 2010-04-01 Certainteed Corporation Synthetic Shingle or Tile With Stress Relief Nail Zones
US20110041446A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2011-02-24 James Stephens Shingle and Method of Using the Shingle
US20100275542A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-11-04 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc One Piece Hip and Ridge Shingle
US8572921B2 (en) 2009-03-27 2013-11-05 Davinci Roofscapes, Llc One piece hip and ridge shingle
US8381472B1 (en) 2010-06-17 2013-02-26 Exterior Portfolio, Llc System and method for adjoining siding
US8795813B2 (en) 2011-02-22 2014-08-05 Exterior Portfolio, Llc Ribbed backed panels
US9428910B2 (en) 2011-02-22 2016-08-30 Royal Building Products (Usa) Inc. Ribbed backed panels
EP2778312A1 (en) * 2013-03-16 2014-09-17 Hans Laukien GmbH Metal shingle and unit comprising a plurality of metal shingles

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