US2609823A - Hair-restraining appliance - Google Patents

Hair-restraining appliance Download PDF

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Publication number
US2609823A
US2609823A US213375A US21337551A US2609823A US 2609823 A US2609823 A US 2609823A US 213375 A US213375 A US 213375A US 21337551 A US21337551 A US 21337551A US 2609823 A US2609823 A US 2609823A
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band
foundation
hair
head
appliance
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Expired - Lifetime
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US213375A
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Margaret D Neff
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Margaret D Neff
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D8/00Hair-holding devices; Accessories therefor
    • A45D8/40Hair-nets; Hair-protecting caps

Description

p 2 V M. D. NEFF 2,609,823 l HAIR RESTRAINING APPLJIANCE Filed March. 1 1951 Patented Sept. 9, 1952 OFF-ICE HAIR-RESTRAININ G APPLIANCE Margaret D. Neff, Pittsburgh, Pa. Application March 1, 1951, Serial No. 213,375

14 Claims. I 1

This invention relates to a personal appliance for restraining womens hair.

There have been developed in the course of years numerous styles of hair dressing for women involving styles of cutting, curling and arrangement. Many, if not most current styles minimize the use of old fashioned hair pins and other means for holding the hair in a tight arrangement. On the contrary most of; thestyles depend on the preparatory workof cutting or cutting and curling thehair, which then if undisturbed falls naturally intoits intended shaped arrangement. In the wind, when riding inan open conveyance as an automobile, boat or bicycle or during athletic gamesthe hair usuallyis disturbed so much that it does not of itself return to its original arrangement.

For the foregoing reasons it is useful to employ a hair-restraining appliance of open structure which will engage the head of the wearer and confine the hair in several regions of the coiffure to hold the hair in its original arrangement. There are, however, several factors which render it difiicult to provide a hair-restraining appliance of a generally useful sort. If too definite in its form a hair-restraining appliance is inapplicable to different head sizes and shapes and to differently shaped hair arrangements. If loosely or limply constructed a hair-restraining appliance is incapable of performing its intended function because its restraining efiectlacks positiveness. An openhair-restraining appliance made of elastic material by its very elasticity tends to distort the hair arrangement and may cause discomfort because of elastic pressure and interference with circulation.

It also is a; matter ofim'portance that a hairrestraining; appliance purposed for general and public usebe ofpleasing appearance and in order that it so be it is necessary that the fundamental mechanical structure of the appliance be such as to adapt itself "eith'erto a pleasingly simple or desirably ornamental effect.

It is the primary object of my invention to provide a hair-restraining appliance of open structure which is adjustable in a plurality of dimensions, so that it is adaptable to various head sizes and shapes and to various arrangements of the hair to provide efficiency in use and comfort to the wearer.

Another object of my invention is to provide an openhair-restraining appliance the fundamental mechanical structure of which is of a finished and pleasing appearance.

The open hair-restraining appliance of my inmetallic structure.

vention is made of relatively non-elastic material and it is to be understood that such non-elastic material may be of any suitable sort such as leather, plastic, fabric or a flexible non-elastic In the accompanyingdrawings illustrative of one embodiment of my invention: j

Fig.1 is a front elevation ofmy hair-restraim ing appliance approximately in the position in which it is held before being placed on the head of the wearer.

Fig. II is a fragmentary detail elevation of a portion of the brow or foundation band of the appliance showing particularly the engagement of the head bands of theappliance with the brow or foundation band thereof.

Fig; III is an elevational view illustrating in aof heads and masses andarrangements of hair,

the following is a detailed description of the appliance. I

Referring particularly to Fig. I of the draw ings, the brow, or foundation, band of the appliance is designated by reference numeral l,

' I with the upper region thereof which extends over and forwardly of the head specifically designated by reference numeral lb; Rearwardly or downwardly of region lb of the brow, or foundation, band there are in ascending order neck band 3 and one or more head bands, two such bands 4 and 5 being shown. As explained above both the brow, orfoundation, band I and the neck and head bands which cross between regions of the brow or foundation band are composed of some suitable flexible relatively non-elastic material and as explained the relation of such bands gives a maximum of adjustability in the appliance.

Along both reaches of the brow, or foundation, band I rearwardly and ,below the region lb of that band there are a plurality of sockets 2 which, as shown particularly in Fig. II of the drawings, may be in the form of sewed loops. These sockets or loops 2 are in number suflicient to accommodate additional bands if so desired or to provide adjusted position of head bands 4 and 5 along brow or foundation band I; Desirably these sockets or loops 2 are arranged at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the brow or foundation band if the. latter is stretched out straight so that the head bands assume a primarily accom- 3 inodated position when the appliance is placed on the head of the wearer. These head bands 4 and 5 may be made adjustable in their effective length at either or both their ends, adjustment at one end of each of the bands being shown. The illustrated means for e'ifecting'the adjustment are a plurality of cooperative engaging means placed on the inner side of a looped region id of head band i and similarly placed on a looped region 5a of head band 5, such cooperative engaging means being shown as glove-type snap fasteners 6 and I cooperating with the matching portions of the fasteners placed in line on the inner or under side of the main reach of the band. At the other end of head band 5 a loop 51) passes through a socket loop 2 of the row or foundation band and is engaged by a similar glove-type snap fastener 1a, the cooperative parts of but one snap fastened being shown. The other end of head band 4 can be engaged with the brow, or foundation, band by passing its looped region ib. through a socket loop in the foundation band and securing it by a glovetype snap fastener 6a, or can be attached in the manner hereinafter described. By the above arrangement head bands 4 and 5 can be adjusted in different socket'loops along the length Of the brow or foundation band by disengaging them at both ends thereof and they are adjustable in length by regulating the length of their looped regions 4a and 5a to shorten or lengthen each band.

Neck band 3 engages with a sewed socket loop 9 at one end of brow or foundation band I and is similarly provided with a looped region 3a adjustable in its effective length by cooperative fastening means shown as glove-type snapfasteners [0- on the under side of the main reach of neck band 3 and on looped region 3a of the neck band. At its other end neck band 3 is secured to the other end of brow or foundation band I, such engagement, as shown, being made by passing looped region id of the brow or foundation band I through a loop of the neck band sewed to provide a permanent loop ll. Brow or foundation band I is itself adjustable in its effective length by means of its looped region in which is provided with cooperative fastening means with respect to the underlying reach of the band, such fastening means being shown as glove-type snap fasteners i2 and it may be explained. that for simplicity of construction the head band 4 can be engaged by passing foundation band loop la through the loop ib'of the head band.

7 As an element which may be used or omitted as seems desirable, a chin band I? is engageable at the ends of foundation band i. This chin band is shown as readily detachable at both ends, as by havinga hook and eye engagement id at the terminal loop 9 at one end of the foundation band and as by means of a glove-type snap fastener placed on the loop H formed at the remote end of neck band 3.

Inthe use of the appliance each wearer can readily determine the shape and dimensions of the appliance which gives the best results and greatest comfort with respect to the size. and shape of her head and the thickness and arrangement of her hair. This adjustmentcan be made by adjusting the length of the brow or foundation band, by adjusting the length of the neck band and by, adjusting the length of the head band or bands and their position with respect to the arched extent of the foundation band.

4 Because of such adjustability it is possible for my hair-restraining appliance closely and effectively to engage the hair without the exertion of elastic pressure or undue tightness in the engagement of the hair-restraining appliance with the head of the wearer. It may be made of any flexible relatively non-elastic material which best adapts itself to the ideas of the prospective wearer.

It will be noted thatlin the mechanical structure of my hair-restraining appliance the general appearance is neat and symmetrical. Also the fastening means by which the adjustments are made are so placed that they are not visible when the appliance is worn and can be of such sort,

. asshown and. described, that they cannot catc in the hair of the wearer.

In addition to the usesof my hair-restraining appliance which have been noted above, there is another and very important use. In swimming the hair tends to escape from and to be disarranged under a bathing cap, if one be worn. If no cap be worn, the hair tends to separate when wet into unsightly strings. In either case my hair-restraining appliance is useful in preserving adesired arrangement of the hair. v

Having described one embodiment of my invention I wish it to be understood that various changes in shape, arrangement and in the specific elements of the disclosed structure may be made without departing from the principle of my invention and that my invention is therefore to be restricted only by the limitations comprised in the statement of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention: a

1. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, means associated with the said. neck band at one end at least thereof providing effective length adjustment of said band, means associated with the said foundation band at one end at least thereof providing effective length adjustment of said band, adjustment inthe length of each said band leaving the lengthof the other thereof unaffectecha head band attached at its ends to said foundation band and adjustable in its position therealong, and means associated withsaid headband providing effective length adjustment of the said head band. 7 7

2. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band,. a. head band attached at its ends to said foundation band and adjustable in its position therealong, means associated with said head band providing effective length adjustment of the said head band, and means associated with said foundation band for adjusting the effective length thereof. A

3. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising abrow or foundation band, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, means associated with the said neck band at one end at least thereof providing effective length adjustment of said band, a plurality of head. bands attached at their ends to said foundation band, and means associated with said head bands in their attachment to said foundation band providing effective independent length adjustment of the said head bands and independent adjustment of their position therealong, and means associated with said foundation band for adjusting the effective length thereof independently of the length of theneck. band.

4. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, means associated with the said neck band in at least one region of its attachment to said foundation band providing efiective length adjustment of the said neck band independently of the length of the foundation band, a plurality of head bands, and means for attaching the. said head bands to the said foundation band for adjustment along the length of the foundation band and providing for independent length adjustment of the head bands.

5. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band for adjustment therealong, a head band attached at its ends to said foundation band for adjustment therealong, and means associated with said head band at the inner side thereof in at least one region of its attachment to said foundationband providing effective length adjustment of the said head band.

6. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band, a 'neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, means associated with the said neck band in at least one region of its attachment to said foundation band providing effective length adjustment of the said neck band, a head band attached at its ends to said foundation for adjustment therealong, and means associated with said head band at the inner side thereof in at least one region of its attachment to the said foundation band providing effective length adjustment of the said head band.

'7. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, said neck and foundation bands being each adjustable in length independently of the other said band, and a head band attachable in adjusted position along said foundation band by engagement with selected sockets thereof and adjustable in length by the length of the portion thereof extended through said sockets.

8. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, a neck band attached at its ends to said foundation band, said neck and foundation bands being each adjustable in length independently of the other said band, and a plurality of head bands attachable in adjusted position along said foundation band by engagement with selected socketsthereof and independently adjustable in length by the length of the portion thereof extended through said sockets.

9. An open hair-restraining appliance in accordance with the definition of claim 7 comprising additionally a chin strap connected with the foundation band of said hair-restraining appliance.

10. An open hair-restraining appliance in accordance with the definition of claim 8 comprising additionally a chin strap connected with the foundation band of said hair-restraining appliance.

11. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, and a head band attachable in adjusted position along said foundation band by engagement with selected sockets thereof and adjustable in length by the length of the portion thereof extended through said sockets.

12. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, a head band attachable in adjusted position along said foundation band by looping it through selected sockets of the said foundation band and adjustable in length by the length of the portion thereof extended through said sockets, and cooperative fastening members in hidden position on the inner surface of said head band to secure the loop of the head band engaging it to at least one socket.

13. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, and a plurality of head bands attachable in independently adjusted position along said foundation band by engagement with selected sockets thereof and independently adjustable in length by the length of the position of each thereof extended through the said sockets.

14. An open hair-restraining appliance comprising a brow or foundation band having a series of sockets therealong, a plurality of head bands attachable in independently adjusted position along said foundation band by looping them through selected sockets thereof and independently adjustablein length by the length of the portion of each thereof extended through the said sockets, and cooperative fastening members in hidden position on the inner surface of each said head band to secure the loop of the head band engaging it to at least one socket.

MARGARET D. NEFF.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,375,381 Golden Apr. 19. 1921 1,438,141 Schmidt Dec. 5. 1922 1,539,706 Wallman May 2 6, 1925 1,609,842 Stierli Dec. 7, 1926 2,428,937 Lazarus Oct. 14, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 223,107 Great Britain May 7, 1925 364,546 Germany Nov. 28, 1922

US213375A 1951-03-01 1951-03-01 Hair-restraining appliance Expired - Lifetime US2609823A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090183751A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Jui-Ming Tu Hair hoop
US20120165169A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2012-06-28 Donald Gatherer Exercise Harnesses
WO2019079233A1 (en) * 2017-10-20 2019-04-25 Brian Daly Hair sectioning device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1375381A (en) * 1921-02-14 1921-04-19 Golden James Martin Hair-net holder
DE364546C (en) * 1922-11-28 Hans Jaerschky As a jewel well-designed, adjustable hairstyle holder
US1438141A (en) * 1920-05-21 1922-12-05 Felix A Schmidt Hair-dressing device
GB223107A (en) * 1922-12-27 1924-10-16 Samuel Edward Stickle Improvements in or relating to adjusting devices for beds, chairs and the like
US1539706A (en) * 1924-11-20 1925-05-26 Wallman Hulda Headdress
US1609842A (en) * 1926-04-30 1926-12-07 Stierli John Roudoir cap
US2428937A (en) * 1945-11-23 1947-10-14 Hettye S Lazarus Hat

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE364546C (en) * 1922-11-28 Hans Jaerschky As a jewel well-designed, adjustable hairstyle holder
US1438141A (en) * 1920-05-21 1922-12-05 Felix A Schmidt Hair-dressing device
US1375381A (en) * 1921-02-14 1921-04-19 Golden James Martin Hair-net holder
GB223107A (en) * 1922-12-27 1924-10-16 Samuel Edward Stickle Improvements in or relating to adjusting devices for beds, chairs and the like
US1539706A (en) * 1924-11-20 1925-05-26 Wallman Hulda Headdress
US1609842A (en) * 1926-04-30 1926-12-07 Stierli John Roudoir cap
US2428937A (en) * 1945-11-23 1947-10-14 Hettye S Lazarus Hat

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090183751A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Jui-Ming Tu Hair hoop
US20120165169A1 (en) * 2009-04-20 2012-06-28 Donald Gatherer Exercise Harnesses
US9526965B2 (en) * 2009-04-20 2016-12-27 Donald William Gatherer Exercise harnesses
WO2019079233A1 (en) * 2017-10-20 2019-04-25 Brian Daly Hair sectioning device

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