US2564562A - Microphone - Google Patents

Microphone Download PDF

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Publication number
US2564562A
US2564562A US631098A US63109845A US2564562A US 2564562 A US2564562 A US 2564562A US 631098 A US631098 A US 631098A US 63109845 A US63109845 A US 63109845A US 2564562 A US2564562 A US 2564562A
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Prior art keywords
crystal
microphone
chamber
partition
diaphragm
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Expired - Lifetime
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US631098A
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Gerald E Chess
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Gerald E Chess
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Priority to US631098A priority Critical patent/US2564562A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R17/00Piezo-electric transducers; Electrostrictive transducers
    • H04R17/02Microphones
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R1/00Details of transducers, loudspeakers or microphones
    • H04R1/42Combinations of transducers with fluid-pressure or other non-electrical amplifying means

Description

G. E. CHESS Aug. 14, 1951 MICROPHONE Filed Nov. 27, 1945 INVENTOR GeraZdE Chess B I f I ATTORNEYS Patented Aug. 14, l 951 UNITED STATES 2. Glaims. Cl. 1Y13217 This invention relates to, and it is anobiect to provide, a microphone adapted especially for use as an electronic stethoscope which; is much more sensitive to; and effectsa better reproductionof, the sound of body organs such as the heart, lungs, etc., than is accomplished; by the mechanical type of stethoscope now in common use.

Another object of the invention is to; provide a microphone, of the type described, which is small in size, handy and practical to use, and unaffected by humidity, or temperature below 212 F.

A further object of the invention is to provide a microphone which includes a hollow cylindrical body having an enclosed chamber formed in part by an exposed flexible diaphragm and an internal partition in said body, a cushion-mounted pickup crystal supported in said chamber by the partition, and a dielectric oil filling said chamber, whereby sound impulses imparted to the flexible diaphragm are transmitted through the oil to said crystal.

A further object of the invention is to produce a simple and inexpensive device, and yet one which will be exceedingly eifective for the purpose for which it is designed.

These objects are accomplished by means of such structure and relative arrangement of parts as will fully appear by a perusal of the following specification and claims.

In the drawings similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several views:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the microphone.

Figure 2 is an enlarged front end view of the microphone, with the flexible diaphragm removed.

Figure 3 is an enlarged rear end view, with the back cap removed. Y

Figure 4 is an enlarged cross section of the microphone on line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Referring now more particularly to the char acters of reference on the drawings, the microphone comprises a relatively small-diameter, hollow cylindrical body I initially open at both ends, but normally closed at the front end by a diaphragm 2 of flexible rubber or the like.

The diaphragm 2 is provided with a flexible backing sheet 3 of metal foil. The assembly of the diaphragm and metal foil sheet 3 is held in place against the forward end of the cylindrical body I by means of a press fit collar 4 which includes an annular, inwardly extending flange 5 which engages about the periphery of the diaphragm 2 in compression relation thereto. The rear end of the cylindrical body I is normally closed by a removable back cap-B held in place by circumferentially' disposed screws 1'.

The hollow cylindrical body I is separated into.

a front chamber 8 and a rear chamber 9 by a circular, dielectric partition or cross wall I 0 fricti'onally seated in said body in abuttingrelation to an annular shoulder therein; there being a gasket H between the peripheral portion of said partition and the shoulder.

A pick-up crystal !2 of flat rectangular form is disposed in the front chamber 8 in adjacent relation to the partition Ill, and in spaced facing relation to the diaphragm 2. The crystal I2 is of envelope type, flexible on its forward face, and filled with ammoniam di-hydrogen phosphate crystal; the dimension of the crystal in the present embodiment being x x 0.25". The crystal I2 is cushioned-mounted on the partition I 0 as follows:

Relatively narrow cork strips l3 extend along upper and lower edges of the crystal and are engaged between the latter and said partition l0. Intermediate the cork strips l3 and between the crystal l2 and the partition [0 there is a sponge rubber or cushion pad M which substantially matches the crystal in plan between said strips. The crystal, strips I3, and sponge rubber pad l4 are secured together and to the partition l0 by any suitable adhesive.

A pair of terminal posts I5 extend through the partition I0 on opposite sides of the crystal I2, and the leads l6 of said crystal connect, within the front chamber 8, with said posts IS.

A flexible, co-axial or shielded type cable I! leads into the rear chamber 9 of the body I through a bottom opening l8, and within said rear chamber the center wire I 9 connects with one of the terminal posts, while the braided shield 20 splits, with one portion connecting to the other terminal post I 5, and the remaining portion grounded, as at 2|. At the point of entry of the cable I! into the body I said cable is provided with a protective sleeve 22. The front chamber 8 is filled with a dielectric liquid, such as oil; filling of said chamber being accomplished through an opening in the partition III, which opening is normally closed by a screw plug 23.

When the above described microphone is in use as an electronic stethoscope, it is placed with the diaphragm 2 directly against a person's body adjacent the organ whose sound is to be heard.

The cable I1 leads from the microphone to an electric amplifier (not shown), which may include a loud speaker or ear phones in a head set, whichever is most convenient.

The sound from the body organ is imparted to the diaphragm 2, and is then transmitted through the oil in the chamber 8 to the crystal I2; response of such crystal causing reproduction of sound through the amplifier to the loud speaker or head set.

The above described microphone is not only simple, efllcient, and practical in operation, but it is substantially fool-proof, and is constructed for long life, but unaffected by humidity or temperature changes.

From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that there has been produced such a device as substantially fulfills the objects of the invention as set forth herein.

While this specification sets forth in detail the present and preferred construction of the device, still in-practice such deviations from such detail may be resorted to as do not form a departure from the spirit of the invention, as defined by the appended claims.

Having thus described the invention, the following is claimed as new and useful and upon which Letters Patent are desired:

1. In a microphone having a fluid-filled chambar. the back wall of which is a dielectric plate, and a pie'zo-electric crystal unit of substantially rectangular form in the chamber; mounting and Number locating means for the unit comprising a pair of cork strips along opposite edges of the unit and disposed between and adhered to the adjacent faces of the unit and plate, there being a cushion pad in the space between and engaging the plate, unit and strips.

2. A device as in claim 1, with terminal posts projecting through the plate laterally out from the unit, the lead wires of the unit being connected" to said posts within the chamber.

GERALD E. CHESS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of thispatent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US631098A 1945-11-27 1945-11-27 Microphone Expired - Lifetime US2564562A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728869A (en) * 1950-01-06 1955-12-27 Ultraschall A G Piezoelectric oscillator or vibrator for ultrasonic waves, especially as an instrument for therapeutical treatment and diagnosis
US2945208A (en) * 1951-01-05 1960-07-12 Gen Electric Compressional wave transducer
US3076870A (en) * 1961-09-05 1963-02-05 Navigation Computer Corp Sound transducer system
US3090939A (en) * 1953-05-13 1963-05-21 Massa Frank Tessellated electromechanical transducer element
US3130275A (en) * 1962-10-15 1964-04-21 Electro Voice Microphone
US3187098A (en) * 1961-03-30 1965-06-01 Bruce Peebles & Co Ltd Foetal heart-beat detector
US3380019A (en) * 1967-01-27 1968-04-23 Navy Usa Pressure-gradient hydrophone
EP0124870A2 (en) * 1983-05-04 1984-11-14 Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki Kaisha Pickup device for picking up vibration transmitted through bones
US20030180789A1 (en) * 1998-12-30 2003-09-25 Dale Roderic M.K. Arrays with modified oligonucleotide and polynucleotide compositions
US9498181B2 (en) * 2012-03-07 2016-11-22 Computerized Medical Technology In Sweden Ab Sensor and stethoscope

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1711410A (en) * 1926-06-18 1929-04-30 Graham Amplion Ltd Telephone transmitter
US1803275A (en) * 1928-09-12 1931-04-28 Cleveland Trust Co Piezo-electric device
US1980171A (en) * 1932-01-27 1934-11-13 Amy Aceves & King Inc Dispersing particles suspended in air
US2045427A (en) * 1933-05-24 1936-06-23 Sonotone Corp Bone-conduction hearing-aid
US2105010A (en) * 1933-02-25 1938-01-11 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric device
US2121779A (en) * 1935-02-12 1938-06-28 Ballantine Stuart Sound translating apparatus
US2177629A (en) * 1935-01-21 1939-10-31 Astatic Microphone Lab Inc Piezoelectric cell
US2207539A (en) * 1939-07-26 1940-07-09 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric apparatus
US2283285A (en) * 1938-05-25 1942-05-19 Pohlman Reimar Massage
US2405226A (en) * 1942-12-28 1946-08-06 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Low frequency projector or hydrophone
US2414489A (en) * 1942-02-23 1947-01-21 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric device
US2448365A (en) * 1945-07-27 1948-08-31 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Projector and receiver of supersonic frequencies

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1711410A (en) * 1926-06-18 1929-04-30 Graham Amplion Ltd Telephone transmitter
US1803275A (en) * 1928-09-12 1931-04-28 Cleveland Trust Co Piezo-electric device
US1980171A (en) * 1932-01-27 1934-11-13 Amy Aceves & King Inc Dispersing particles suspended in air
US2105010A (en) * 1933-02-25 1938-01-11 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric device
US2045427A (en) * 1933-05-24 1936-06-23 Sonotone Corp Bone-conduction hearing-aid
US2177629A (en) * 1935-01-21 1939-10-31 Astatic Microphone Lab Inc Piezoelectric cell
US2121779A (en) * 1935-02-12 1938-06-28 Ballantine Stuart Sound translating apparatus
US2283285A (en) * 1938-05-25 1942-05-19 Pohlman Reimar Massage
US2207539A (en) * 1939-07-26 1940-07-09 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric apparatus
US2414489A (en) * 1942-02-23 1947-01-21 Brush Dev Co Piezoelectric device
US2405226A (en) * 1942-12-28 1946-08-06 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Low frequency projector or hydrophone
US2448365A (en) * 1945-07-27 1948-08-31 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Projector and receiver of supersonic frequencies

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728869A (en) * 1950-01-06 1955-12-27 Ultraschall A G Piezoelectric oscillator or vibrator for ultrasonic waves, especially as an instrument for therapeutical treatment and diagnosis
US2945208A (en) * 1951-01-05 1960-07-12 Gen Electric Compressional wave transducer
US3090939A (en) * 1953-05-13 1963-05-21 Massa Frank Tessellated electromechanical transducer element
US3187098A (en) * 1961-03-30 1965-06-01 Bruce Peebles & Co Ltd Foetal heart-beat detector
US3076870A (en) * 1961-09-05 1963-02-05 Navigation Computer Corp Sound transducer system
US3130275A (en) * 1962-10-15 1964-04-21 Electro Voice Microphone
US3380019A (en) * 1967-01-27 1968-04-23 Navy Usa Pressure-gradient hydrophone
EP0124870A2 (en) * 1983-05-04 1984-11-14 Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki Kaisha Pickup device for picking up vibration transmitted through bones
US4596903A (en) * 1983-05-04 1986-06-24 Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki Kaisha Pickup device for picking up vibration transmitted through bones
EP0124870A3 (en) * 1983-05-04 1987-01-14 Pilot Man-Nen-Hitsu Kabushiki Kaisha Pickup device for picking up vibration transmitted through bones
US20030180789A1 (en) * 1998-12-30 2003-09-25 Dale Roderic M.K. Arrays with modified oligonucleotide and polynucleotide compositions
US9498181B2 (en) * 2012-03-07 2016-11-22 Computerized Medical Technology In Sweden Ab Sensor and stethoscope

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