US2539868A - Interlocked concrete building block construction - Google Patents

Interlocked concrete building block construction Download PDF

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US2539868A
US2539868A US740057A US74005747A US2539868A US 2539868 A US2539868 A US 2539868A US 740057 A US740057 A US 740057A US 74005747 A US74005747 A US 74005747A US 2539868 A US2539868 A US 2539868A
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walls
shoulders
building block
construction
building
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US740057A
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Fred J Schultz
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Fred J Schultz
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0295Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is equal to the wall thickness

Description

Jan. 30, 1951 F. J. SCHULTZ 2,539,868

INTERLOCKED CONCRETEBUILDING BLOCK CONSTRUCTION Filed April 8, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig. I.

Y I y Jan. 30, 1951 SCHULTZ 2,539,868

INTERLOCKED CONCRETE BUILDING BLOCK CONSTRUCTION Filed April 8, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig. 2.

30 22 1s 22 E x 1 2 Fig.3.. 100 1 I I E E 55 5 7 L -24 #l P @E P Fig.5 Fig 4 2a 2828 I0 26 20 I; e tor 38 \J Fred .1. Schultz Attoeys i 'atenteci Jan. 30, 1951 UNITED a mrEnLooKE-n CONCRETE BUILDING- sLoon CONSTRUCTION FredJ. Schultz, Cambridge" Springs, Pa. Application April 8, 1947, Serial No. 740,057

This invention comprises novel and useful improvements ina concrete building block construction and more specifically pertains to an improvedcon'struction of building blocks which closely. simulates the. artistic effect of a colonial shingle finish in a hollow concrete building block.

The presentapplication is a continuation in part of my" prior application Serial Number 453,588. filed .August' 4, .1942, now abandoned.

The principal object of this invention is to provide aiconcrete, hollow building block which will'provide alap joint with adjacent building blocks in .a' masonry. construction to give an artistic colonial shingle finish to a structure.

Additional important objects reside in provid-inga buildingblock'having an improved interengagin'g connection in-relation with adjacent blocks in a masonry construction.

Yet another important object of the invention is to provide a building .block having both vertical and horizontal air spaces therein for providing improved insulating .qualities against moisture,- heat and cold in building construction.

A still further important purpose of the invention consists in providing a building block which shall be comparatively light yet very strongand durable, -rnay be easily assembled and is withal highly eificient for thepurpose intended.

These, together "with various ancillary objects which: will laterbecome apparent as the followingdesoription proceeds; are attained by this device; a preferredembodiment of which has been illustrated by way of exampleonly, in the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective view ofa portion of amasonry construction, parts being broken away to show constructional details thereof, illustrating the improved building block in accordance with-this invention;

s Claims. (oi; 72--ss) to be subsequently-set forth;

Figure 2 is a top plan view of a building I 2 block which is reverse with respect to that shown in Figure 6.

Referring now more-specifically to the accom panying drawings, wherein like numerals'- desig nate similar parts'throughout the variousviews; reference is-"made first'to Figure 1-'-5for ab'etter understanding of the construction of the-main buildingblock in accordancewith this invention.

The'mairr building'unit or bloclrdesignated generally at in may be-constructed of any suit= able cementitious or cinder-buildingblock ma terial, and is ofgenera'lly standard configuration and proportions,comprising a pair of outer'walls defining front andbacksurfa'ces '12 and we: spectivel'y, which are disposed parallel to each other and between-which is positioned apair-of parallel, evenly spaced inner .wallsiS and [8: As shown-best in Figures-2-and 4, the front'wall l2 and intermediate wall I6 are spaced 'at their extremities by connecting webs Ziihaving grooved upperand lower surfaces 22 forproviding Icingi tudinally extending passageways between said walls. Similarly, thereariwall 11.4' and-adjacent intermediate wall I 8 r are provided-with spacing websflZEl having similar channels 22'for the same purpose just mentioned. 7

As shown best'in Figures 2-and 5; the inter: mediate Walls [6 and 1 l S are 1 laterally spaced by a connecting web 24 having on its upper'surface recessedgrooves 26 "establishing longitudinal passageways through the block "for the purpose" At their upper and lower edges, the-partitionsi2, M, iii and I8 are provided with laterally postioned; longitudinally extending but reversely arranged shoulders Qtconstit-uting interengag ing means for the superi-mposed 'andsuperencumbrance building block-unit of a-masonry con struction; It will be noted.- that; the abov ade scribed web-construction provides lateral ;rei n-' forcing means throughout the hollow building block at three points along its=-length;;and at a po'nt intermediate its length-.- At the same time, the interengagement of the shoulder'portions 28 serves to'reinforce the masonry construction and further bodythe same as well as establish feel; for the plurality oflongitudinallyextending-pay sageways between the three partitions or wall members.

As shown best; in- Figure 2, the partition wall" members l4, l6 and i3 of the unit it! are provicled with shouldered portions 39 at eachend thereof, these shoulder-portons-being oppositely disposed whereby they mayyestablish an interengaging i and-"sealing relation with the adjacent longitudinally aligned building units as shown in Figure 3. The front wall l2 of the unit is provided with a downwardly and outwardly flaring surface 36 which lower portion is shown at 38 to overlap in the form of a shingle lap with the upper shoulder portion 28 of the block in the next course below. By this means, the surface 36 gives a colonial shingle finish to a masonry construction as clearly set forth in Figure 1.

As shown best in Figure 3, it will be seen that in adjacent courses of masonry, block joints are positioned in staggered relation to each other, in a conventional design, whereby the webs 20 and 24 combine a plurality of vertically extending longitudinally spaced air passages interposed between the four walls of the building units. As will be noted, each of the vertically extending passageways is in communication with others in the same row, by means of the above mentioned horizontal or longitudinal channels designated at 22 and 26.

The front and rear edges upon the vertical ends of the front wall l2, are alternately provided with tongue and groove portions 32 and 34 for engagement with corresponding comp.ementary portions of the adjacent and longitudinally aligned building units.

In order to form corners for masonry wall constructions and the like, the arrangement shown in Figures 1, 6 and 7 may be resorted to. For this purpose, generally L-shaped building block units 4!] and 42 are provided, which are reversely positioned with reference to each other. Thus, the perpendicular, short extremities of these blocks are reversely disposed relative to each other for making right angled turns in masonry construction in opposite directions. These units are identical in construction as to their main leg, with the building unit l; and each of the four longitudinally extending walls 44, 46, 48 and 50 of Figure 6 and 52, 54, 56 and 58 of Figure '7 are constructed and spaced as in the embodiment of Figure 10. Each of these walls, however, is perpend'cularly disposed at its lower end thereof as at 45, 41, 49 and 5| in Figure 6 and 53, 55, 5'! and 59 in Figure 7, for sealing and interengaging relation with an adjacent building unit In of the angularly disposed course masonry.

' In the corner blocks 40 and 42, the same shiplap construction, with a passage arrangement, and inwise and upper and lower sealng engagement is provided as in the main bui ding unit II].

From the foregoing, it will readily be seen that there has been provided a building block construction which in add'tion to all of the known advantages of a hollow, multicell and multipassage cement building block also possesses an improved interengaging and sealing relation with adjacent blocks in a masonry construction, and in addition provides in one unit a book capable of producing a colonial shingle finish to various building construction.

Since various modifications will readily occur to those sk'lled in the art after consideration of the foregoing specification and the accompanying drawings, it is not intended to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and described, but all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to fall'ng within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed as new is as iol'ows:

1. A building block comprising a pair of laterally spaced outer walls, a pair of laterally spaced inner walls, laterally extending connecting webs between adjacent outer and inner walls and between said inner walls, said webs connecting said walls intermediate the ends of said walls, said walls and webs defining vertical and connecting horizontal passages therebetween, and sealing shoulders at the edges of each of said walls, one of said outer walls constituting a front wall being provided with a downwardly and outwardly inclined surface simulating a shingle, upper and lower shoulders on each of said walls having stepped rabbets, the upper rabbet on each wall receivable in the lower rabbet of the wall superimposed above, said front wall having a lower extension of said downwardly and outwardly inclined surface, which extension partially overlies the inclined surface of the wall of the block below, providing sealing means.

2. The combination of claim 1, wherein the upper shoulders of the outer walls are rabbeted at their outer edges, the upper shoulders of the inner walls being rabbeted at their inner edges, the lower shoulders of each wall being rabbeted inversely with respect to the upper shoulders.

3. A building block comprising a pair of laterally spaced outer walls, a pair of laterally spaced inner walls, laterally extending connecting webs between adjacent outer and inner walls and between said inner walls, said webs connecting said walls intermediate the ends of said walls, said walls and webs defining vertical and connecting horizontal passages therebetween, and sealing shoulders at the edges of each of said walls, one of said outer walls constituting a front wall being provided with a downwardly and outwardly inclined surface simulating a shingle, end shoulders on each of said walls, one of the end shoulders of the said front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared slot therein, the other end shoulder of the front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared key, said key being receivable in the slot of the endwise adjacent block.

4. The combination of claim 3, wherein the opposite ends of each of said end shoulders on the other of said walls are inversely rabbeted for engagement with endwise aligned walls of adjacent blocks.

5. The combination of claim 1, including end shoulders on each of said walls, one of the end shoulders of the said front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared slot therein, the other end shoulder of the front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared key, said key being receivable in the slot of the endwise adjacent block.

6. The combination of claim 1, including end shoulders on each of said walls, one of the end shoulders of the said front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared slot therein, the other end shoulder of the front wall having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared key, said key being receivable in the slot of the endwise adjacent block, the opposite ends of each of said end shoulders on the other of said walls being inversely rabbeted for engagement with endwise aligned walls of adjacent blocks.

7. A building block comprising a first wall and a second wall extending in spaced relation to each other, means connecting said walls, said first wall being provided with a downwardly and outwardly inclined surface, end shoulders on said first wall, one of said end shoulders having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared slot therein, another end shoulder having a vertical a second wall extending in spaced relation to 5 each other, means connecting said walls, said first wall being provided with a downwardly and outwardly inclined front surface, said first wall having a rear surface and a bottom surface, said first wall being longitudinally rabbeted at the juncture of said rear and bottom surfaces, said downwardly and outwardly inclined front surface extending below said bottom surface to overlap the front surface of a block therebelow, end shoulders on said first wall, one of said end shoulders having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared slot therein communicating at its lower end with said bottom surface, another end shoulder having a vertical downwardly and outwardly flared key having a bottom thereon providing an extension of said bottom wall, said key being receivable in the slot of the endwise adjacent block.

FRED J. SCHULTZ.

6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 826,639 Worster July 24, 1906 863,493 Arns-en et al Aug. 13, 1907 891,495 Loy June 23, 1908 10 1,025,406 Koenig May 7, 1912 1,116,391 Davison Nov. 10,1914 1,128,020 McIntyre Feb. 9, 1915 1,282,090 Lemme Oct. 22, 1918 1,419,623 Fessenden June 13, 1922 15' 1,447,041 Roeth Feb. 27, 1923 1,652,743 Smith Dec. 13, 1927 2,315,418 Haaker Mar. 30, .1943

' FOREIGN PATENTS 20 Number Country Date 26,405 Denmark July 26, 1920

US740057A 1947-04-08 1947-04-08 Interlocked concrete building block construction Expired - Lifetime US2539868A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728216A (en) * 1950-10-26 1955-12-27 Herbert H Kersten Combination form and facing device for concrete
US2736188A (en) * 1956-02-28 Wilhelm
US3247633A (en) * 1964-07-06 1966-04-26 Patent Block Corp Cement building block construction and wall made of the same
US3376682A (en) * 1965-08-04 1968-04-09 James R. Briscoe Building blocks with sides converging upwardly
FR2500512A1 (en) * 1981-02-26 1982-08-27 Dussel Christian Stone or breeze block for wall construction - has cellular interior with adjacent blocks held together by interfitting plugs
ES2310442A1 (en) * 2006-03-07 2009-01-01 Adolfo Castellanos Ortega Insulation of bricks and building blocks obtained through cuts. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US826639A (en) * 1905-05-06 1906-07-24 Simon Worster Brick for building sidings.
US863493A (en) * 1905-01-26 1907-08-13 Richard Arnsen Building-block.
US891495A (en) * 1907-01-14 1908-06-23 Daniel O Loy Building-block.
US1025406A (en) * 1911-06-05 1912-05-07 William H Koenig Building-block.
US1116391A (en) * 1914-01-10 1914-11-10 John O Davison Concrete construction.
US1128020A (en) * 1914-07-13 1915-02-09 Blystone Mfg Company Hollow block.
US1282090A (en) * 1918-10-22 lemme
US1419623A (en) * 1920-05-25 1922-06-13 De Witt H Fessenden Hollow building block
US1447041A (en) * 1921-09-29 1923-02-27 Albert H Roeth Building tile
US1652743A (en) * 1926-09-03 1927-12-13 Kenneth L Smith Building block
US2315418A (en) * 1941-01-23 1943-03-30 Joseph Leer Building block and wall construction

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1282090A (en) * 1918-10-22 lemme
US863493A (en) * 1905-01-26 1907-08-13 Richard Arnsen Building-block.
US826639A (en) * 1905-05-06 1906-07-24 Simon Worster Brick for building sidings.
US891495A (en) * 1907-01-14 1908-06-23 Daniel O Loy Building-block.
US1025406A (en) * 1911-06-05 1912-05-07 William H Koenig Building-block.
US1116391A (en) * 1914-01-10 1914-11-10 John O Davison Concrete construction.
US1128020A (en) * 1914-07-13 1915-02-09 Blystone Mfg Company Hollow block.
US1419623A (en) * 1920-05-25 1922-06-13 De Witt H Fessenden Hollow building block
US1447041A (en) * 1921-09-29 1923-02-27 Albert H Roeth Building tile
US1652743A (en) * 1926-09-03 1927-12-13 Kenneth L Smith Building block
US2315418A (en) * 1941-01-23 1943-03-30 Joseph Leer Building block and wall construction

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2736188A (en) * 1956-02-28 Wilhelm
US2728216A (en) * 1950-10-26 1955-12-27 Herbert H Kersten Combination form and facing device for concrete
US3247633A (en) * 1964-07-06 1966-04-26 Patent Block Corp Cement building block construction and wall made of the same
US3376682A (en) * 1965-08-04 1968-04-09 James R. Briscoe Building blocks with sides converging upwardly
FR2500512A1 (en) * 1981-02-26 1982-08-27 Dussel Christian Stone or breeze block for wall construction - has cellular interior with adjacent blocks held together by interfitting plugs
ES2310442A1 (en) * 2006-03-07 2009-01-01 Adolfo Castellanos Ortega Insulation of bricks and building blocks obtained through cuts. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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