US1282090A - lemme - Google Patents

lemme Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1282090A
US1282090A US1282090DA US1282090A US 1282090 A US1282090 A US 1282090A US 1282090D A US1282090D A US 1282090DA US 1282090 A US1282090 A US 1282090A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
blocks
walls
flanges
block
channels
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1282090A publication Critical patent/US1282090A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0206Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of rectangular shape
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0208Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of trapezoidal shape

Description

S. LEM INIEMQGM 3m APPUCATIOH "LED M moon VENTOR he 6 mm ll! n .n E e a a ma lows E. S. LEMME. INTERLOCKING BUILDING BLOCK.

Patented Oct. 22, 1918.

2 SHEETS SHEET 2.

, V V I L Ammwmvs EMIL S. LEMME, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFGBNIA.

INTEBLOCKING BUILDING-BLOCK.

Specification of Letters Patent,

Patented Oct. 22, 1918.

Application filed March 20, 1917. Serial No. 155,967.

To all whom it may concern: 7

Be it known that I, EMIL S. LEMME, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city and county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Interlocking Buildin Blocks, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to the construction of building blocks or bricks of that class which is formed of plastic material molded in the desired shape and made hollow, with connecting interior passages for ventilation.

It consists in the molding of hollow blocks with transverse ribs, having segnrentaifhori zontal channels adapted to register to form circular openings; and raised ribs and corresponding depressions are made upon the meeting faces and ends, to cause the blocks to register properly and to gage and space them, for the proper amount of mortar in the joints. It also consists in forming the raised ribs of such less length than the blocks as to leave spaces through which electric wires and other connections may be made without perforating or damaging the blocks.

Having reference to the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a vertical section of the blocks in a wall.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a block.

Fig. 3 is a vertical section on line 33 of Fig. 4.

Fig. 4 is a vertical section on line 44 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a detail section on line 55 of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a detail plan view of the interlock of contiguous blocks.

Fig. 7 is a section of the end, showing the interlock.

Fig. 8 is a corner fragment.

Fig. 9 shows the corner construction.

The blocks or bricks A are made of any suitable or conventional exterior form, with side and end walls of suflicicnt thickness ior strength and forming vertical, rectangular interior passages a which, when the blocks are laid up to form a structure. will provide a hollow Wall with ample ventilating space and draft.

Midway between the ends, ribs 2 are formed, dividing the hollow space, and when the blocks are laid in courses to form a wall, the ribs register with the ends of alternate blocks, so that a series of vertical air spaces or channels a will be formed throughout the walls. In order to provide for transverse movement of the air throu h the walls, the ribs and end walls of each block have semicircular channels 2 formed at the top and bottom, and WllBILtllB blocks are laid to form a structure, the registration of the ribs and end walls brings two of these seniicircular channels together, so that horizontal channels are formed intersecting the vertical channels, and providing for a complete circulation in all directions through the Wall.

The blocks are rapidly and accurately laid and adjusted upon each other by forming extension flanges 3, upon one surface at the inner edges of the hollow walls and corresponding inter-engagin depressions 4 upon the opposite surface. T e ends of the blocks have projecting flanges 5, at one end, and depressions 6 into which the flanges fit when the blocks are laid up, and are thus correctly matched together. (See Fig. 6).

In order to gage the interspacing of the joints and the amount of mortar to be spread upon the meeting surfaces, without undue loss of time and material, the projecting ribs or flanges 3 are hi hcr than the depth of the corresponding depressions, so that when matched together, they Contact with the bottoms of the depressions and retain the edges of the blocks apart. (See Figs. 1, 2 and In order to form passages from the exterior to the interior channels to make electrical or otherconnections and conduits, the ends of the flanges or ribs 3 stop short of the ends of the blocks A, so that when laid a transverse space will be formed between adjacent flanges at the meeting ends, as at 3*, and at the crossing rib 2 of the block of the next succeeding course, and through these passages connections may be made with conductors concealed Within the walls. These spaces also admit the passage of air, increase the circulation and maintain a warn: and dry condition.

The blocks may be connected in a horizontal or vertical position without in any way interrupting the air currents or connections, and thus architectural variations are pro vided for. Metal bars 7 may also be introduccd in these channels or passages for securing nailing strips, joist anchors, reinforcing rods, etc.

It will be manfiest that a structure built of blocks of this description will be thoroughly ventilated and capable of a reinforced connection with the remaining structure units of the building of which the blocks form a part for the metal anchors 8 can be passed through the slots or openings 3 from the interior to the exterior and connect with Structural joists or other attachments, as at 9, Fig. 1.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A hollow interlocking building block having longitudinal flanges on one side terminating short of the end walls and longitudinally spaced depressions in its opposite side of less depth than the flanges whereby the end walls of the block will be spaced from relatively superposed blocks, and a transverse partition wall dividing the hollow interior of the block and extending at one end between the spaced depressions to interlockingly en age with the spaced 0 posing ends of t e flanges of a relative y Copies of this patent may be obtained for subjacent pair of abuttin blocks to hold the same against longitudina movement.

2. A hollow interlocking building block having lon itudinal flanges on one side terminatings ort of the end walls and a depression in its opposite side of less depth than the flanges whereby the end walls of the block will be spaced from relatively superposed blocks, and a transverse partition wall dividing the interior of the block and extending at one end above the end walls to lie flush with the lon itudinal flan es whereby to extend across tfle longitudina ly alined spaces above the end walls to guard against the entrance of a conduit into such longitudinally alined spaces, said walls being provided with registering channels for receiving conduits.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

EMIL S. LEMME. Witnesses:

J OHN H. HERRING, W. W. HEALEY.

five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. O.

US1282090D lemme Expired - Lifetime US1282090A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1282090A true US1282090A (en) 1918-10-22

Family

ID=3349680

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US1282090D Expired - Lifetime US1282090A (en) lemme

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1282090A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2539868A (en) * 1947-04-08 1951-01-30 Fred J Schultz Interlocked concrete building block construction
US2558630A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-06-26 John H Stewart Building block
US2688245A (en) * 1949-02-08 1954-09-07 George A Vesper Interlocking composition building block
US2975114A (en) * 1946-05-08 1961-03-14 Samuel K Allison Reactor
US2994162A (en) * 1957-07-05 1961-08-01 Frantz Markey Building block and wall construction made therefrom
US3012377A (en) * 1958-02-18 1961-12-12 James Haig Inc Interengaging wall units
US3837135A (en) * 1972-05-25 1974-09-24 A Zachman Combined joist and reinforcing bar holder and structure formed therewith
US4388361A (en) * 1979-12-31 1983-06-14 Elio Vassalli Element for the insulation of the outer wall of a building
US4614071A (en) * 1983-11-16 1986-09-30 Sams Carl R Building blocks
US5465541A (en) * 1994-03-09 1995-11-14 Lin; Yi-Chung Building construction of longitudinal and cross hollow components
US7017318B1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2006-03-28 Hohmann & Barnard, Inc. High-span anchoring system for cavity walls
US20080078129A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 The Boeing Company Floor beam assembly, system, and associated method
US20140237922A1 (en) * 2013-02-26 2014-08-28 Construction & Design Solutions, Inc. Building block system
US20150052839A1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2015-02-26 International Steel Corporation Bracket for concrete forms

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558630A (en) * 1946-02-19 1951-06-26 John H Stewart Building block
US2975114A (en) * 1946-05-08 1961-03-14 Samuel K Allison Reactor
US2539868A (en) * 1947-04-08 1951-01-30 Fred J Schultz Interlocked concrete building block construction
US2688245A (en) * 1949-02-08 1954-09-07 George A Vesper Interlocking composition building block
US2994162A (en) * 1957-07-05 1961-08-01 Frantz Markey Building block and wall construction made therefrom
US3012377A (en) * 1958-02-18 1961-12-12 James Haig Inc Interengaging wall units
US3837135A (en) * 1972-05-25 1974-09-24 A Zachman Combined joist and reinforcing bar holder and structure formed therewith
US4388361A (en) * 1979-12-31 1983-06-14 Elio Vassalli Element for the insulation of the outer wall of a building
US4614071A (en) * 1983-11-16 1986-09-30 Sams Carl R Building blocks
US5465541A (en) * 1994-03-09 1995-11-14 Lin; Yi-Chung Building construction of longitudinal and cross hollow components
US20150052839A1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2015-02-26 International Steel Corporation Bracket for concrete forms
US9038338B2 (en) * 1998-10-19 2015-05-26 Bailey Metal Products Limited Insulated concrete form wall having a bracket attaching a rim joist thereto
US7017318B1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2006-03-28 Hohmann & Barnard, Inc. High-span anchoring system for cavity walls
US20080078129A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 The Boeing Company Floor beam assembly, system, and associated method
US7775478B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2010-08-17 The Boeing Company Floor beam assembly, system, and associated method
US20140237922A1 (en) * 2013-02-26 2014-08-28 Construction & Design Solutions, Inc. Building block system
US9404234B2 (en) * 2013-02-26 2016-08-02 Construction & Design Solutions, Inc. Building block system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8881483B2 (en) Variable-geometry modular structure composed of thermo-acoustic caissons, particularly for buildings
US6240692B1 (en) Concrete form assembly
USRE41994E1 (en) Web member for concrete form walls
RU2129640C1 (en) Shuttering component for making concrete walls
US2392551A (en) Interlocking building block
US6170220B1 (en) Insulated concrete form
US3552076A (en) Concrete form
US1092621A (en) Shaped or molded block for making ceilings.
CA2585790C (en) Insulating concrete block
US2076472A (en) Building construction
US3608258A (en) Removable multipaneled wall construction
US2164138A (en) Building construction
US2097821A (en) Masonry
EP0137105A1 (en) Concrete form element for the construction in permanent form
US868838A (en) Concrete building-block.
EP0060230B1 (en) Supporting structure of a conglomerate or reinforced concrete, in particular anti-earthquake, for planar as well as vaulted or arc-shaped constructions, produced of modular elements
US5259161A (en) Vertical and horizontal reinforcement and spacing guide for panels constructed of blocks
KR19990087395A (en) Insulation wall and parts for it
US4688362A (en) Set of modular building construction elements
US2703487A (en) Interlocking hollow building block
US2039601A (en) Building construction
EP1700968A2 (en) A system of blocks for use in forming a free standing wall
US7007436B1 (en) Snap-in-place building block
EP0166249B1 (en) Interlocking building blocks and system for using the same
US4426815A (en) Mortarless concrete block system having reinforcing bond beam courses