US2435954A - Lamp harp - Google Patents

Lamp harp Download PDF

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US2435954A
US2435954A US684229A US68422946A US2435954A US 2435954 A US2435954 A US 2435954A US 684229 A US684229 A US 684229A US 68422946 A US68422946 A US 68422946A US 2435954 A US2435954 A US 2435954A
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Prior art keywords
harp
frame
protuberance
tooth
sockets
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US684229A
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Berger Kornel
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Berger Kornel
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V17/00Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V17/00Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages
    • F21V17/06Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages the fastening being onto or by the lampholder

Description

Feb. 17, 1948. I K, BERGER 2,435,954
LAMP HARP Filed July 17, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR 1 BERG Fb. 17, 1948. K. BERGER v 2,435,954
LAMP HARP Filed July 17, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2' INVENTOR. KORNEL BERGER Patented Feb. 17, 1948 umnzxo sums PATENT OFFICE HARP kernel-Berger, Kw Gardens, N. Y. npplieetioniml 17, 1946, Serial No. 684,229
f 12 Claims. v 1
"This invention relates to "ramp barbs.
It is an object of the intention to pro ide a lamp harp'iin which the a p frame is "firrhlybiit 'detachably securedtb the liracket so as to ex- 'iflefiitepacking "of .a iampffixtureganayet n which the detachable securing means is "so noted that "the harp "frame cannot be accidentally removed. Y I u o It is another object of my invention 'toprovide al'am'p harp of the enaiacter described "in which the harp "frame iana bracket fare detaeh'abl secured to each lothe'r in "a fnovel simple maniler, whereby-enema (if production "is notm'atei'ially increased over that of a conventional lainio "harp construction wherein "the ends of the harp Tramearepermanently seamen-ma "pair of spaces mke'ts forming "pairtfo f thel'bra'ckt fOther objects or this Invention will 'in j par't be obvious and in part hereinafter Iioiiitd but.
The invention aeeeraine eensists in the feat'lires of *cbhls't'tudtibn, cornbinfations of elements, and arrangement oT parts Ftt h'ich will be exemlilii'ie'd in the constructions be after 'cflesjcribed and "of which the scope of application "will be indicated in the claims.
In the accompanying "d'i v wings, "in which are various possible emteaiments (if this inventi'on, H
Fig. '1 a fraementazyfibnt View for a lamp fixture melu'dme "the new "lamp harp;
ine. 2 "is a ueteii e'levaftibrfal section of the warp, enemy the harp frame was detachably seeurea in bracket sockets; Fig. s is a siae view-of the harp ans shown t F v.
Figs. *4 and 5 are seetfionaiy ews taken sub- 'stan'tia'lly alone the 1m 4:? of Fig'. {2 and showthe, :iesne tiveiy, the loekea unlocked positions oi said ar parte; V
me. one view si ilar to Fig. '2 of "alax'np harp embodying r modifies rot-m or min venetia Fi gs. an i '8 are sectional views taken "substeatiany alone the lines a l and 11 respee tive! of Fig-t m is is a new substantially similar "to Fig;
1 nfanother ifloaifiea term of my invention; I
Fig. is a sectional view taken substantially along the line 1 0-= I 0 of Fig; 9'; p
11 1 51s *a sectional new taken "substantially alongitheline 1-|-ll (time. 10;
:Fig. .12 is -'a View substantially s'iifiilar to Fig. 10 butfs'howirig the harp frame twisted preparatoryxto disengagement "from the bracket; and 413315 3 sectional View taken -substarnialn' the line 13-1 3 of Fig.
In general I carry out m'y invention by having the ar rame ends torsionally resilient and 'slidably andrrotatably received in the elongated spaced sockets of the bracket. At least one of theseends is provided 'with'a protuberance, The associated socket has an elongated opening in a side wall thereof running longitudinally of the socket, through which opening the protuberance can be slid. The soc ket-also includes a projection or tooth prefer'ablyform'etl in one piece with the socket and extending part way across the "elongated opening from side to side thereof, thus providing 'whatin effect constitutes an offset portion beneath "the projection where the protuberance is located when "the two parts of the harp frame areeoupled. With such a construction the frame end having the protuberance must be rotated in the socket in order to clear the tooth. However, since the two sockets are spaced, the desired rotation of said end can only be accom- .plished by twisting the entire harp frame about the axis of 'syinnietrypf 'theeljectric light bulb and at the same time "piilling theha'rp frame away from the bracket along such axis, Since it is highly improbable that the lainp harp would ever be subjected to such combination of forces by accident, "there is little danger that the harp will come apart accidentally. V
} Referring now in detail to the drawings, and more pernculer'lyto Figs. 1-5, I have there shown a lamp fiiture N1 of {conventional construction, comprising'a suitable ornamental support l2 having an opening at its upper end in which there is received a nipple "M, The top of the nipple is "screwed into a tapped collar 16 in the bottom part 18 of a larnp socket 20. The powe suppl to an electric light bulb 22 in the s eket zo is iurnis'hedby an electric cable 24 runmug throughthe ni ple u.
Firmly secure'djto the lamp fixture l5] is a I take-'afiart lanipfharp 26 whose construction is the subjehtofthi's invention. Said harp includes a name 28 ent abracket to.
The construction ofthe bracket is largely conventional, the' same comprising a flat annular portion 32 received on the nipple l4 and clamped between the collar IE and a lock nut 34 resting 'onthe support [2. The bracket thus is firmly secured to the fixture. The bracket also includes two'upstan'clin'g elorigated tubular sockets 35, 3B integrally connected to thejannulai' portion 32 by angularly extending arinslll. V V
li ursuant to my invention each socket has an elongatedobening 42 "in its side walls runnin ieneimamany-er "the socket and extending downwardly from the upper edge of rim thereof. This opening is designed to permit the passage there through of a protuberance 44 on an end 46 of the frame 26 at such time as said frame end is itself slidably received in the socket. One side wall 48 of the elongated opening is straight, but the other Wall has a tooth or projection 59 integrally extending therefrom part way across the opening to provide an offset portion 52 in which the protuberance 44 is received when the frame and bracket are coupled. The upper end of said offset portion is defined by the lower edge 54 of the tooth 50, this edge serving to provide an abutopenings in the two sockets.
4 rotate out from beneath said lower edges whereby to clear the teeth 50.
In the embodiment of the invention just described with reference to Figs. 1-5, I have shown shown by a comparative examination of Figs. 4
ment or shoulder which prevents accidental retraction of the frame from the bracket. The up per edge 56 of the tooth 50 is flared outwardly to form a camming surface which serves to guide the protuberance into the opening.
The harp frame 2'8 comprises a piece of metal wire or like resilient material bent into the shape of a bail, as shown in Fig. 1, so as to include a flat top portion 58, outwardly bowed segments 60, and straight ends 46. Except for the protuberance 44 on its ends, the frame is of a conventional construction and has on its top portion a swivel fixture 62, or other suitable means, to receive a finial 64 by means of which a shade 66 is held in place.
The protuberances 44 may be raisedin any suitable manner as, for example, by swedging, and each protuberance is located in such position on a frame end 46 that when the two ends are aligned with the sockets 36, 38 said protuberance will be slightly out of line with that portion 53 of the opening which lies between the straight side wall 48 and the tip of the tooth 59. Moreover, at such time the protuberance will be on the same side of the opening as the offset portion 52, although, of course, on the upper rather than lower side of the tooth 50.
By way of illustration, it may be mentioned that I obtain highly satisfactory results Where the tooth 50 is about one thirty-second of an inchhigh so that the offset portion is one thirtysecond of an inch deep. v
To detachably couple the frame 28 and the bracket 30, the frame ends 46 simply are aligned with and then thrust into the sockets 35, 38. As a protuberance 44 moves down it engages and rides on the camming portion 56 of the opening causing the end 46 to be torsionally flexed. The protuberance then traverses the portion 53 of the openings over the tip of the tooth with the frame end'at such time under a torsional stress, which causes said protuberance to-bear against the tip of the tooth. When the protuberance reaches the lower edge 54 of the tooth, it will spring into the oifset portion 52 securely locking the frame in the bracket.
-Means also is provided to limit the depth'of insertion of the frame ends. In the form of the invention now being described, such means comprises a shoulder 68 closing off the lower end of the opening 42 and against which shoulder or and 5. In Fig. 4 the positions of the protuberances and teeth are shown when the same are in interlocked relationship. The arrows A indicate the direction of torsional fiexure for the frame ends when the frame is twisted in the direction indicated by the arrow B. In Fig. 5 I have shown the positions of the same elements when the frame has been twistedfar enough in the direction of the arrow B for the protuberances to clear the teeth. It should be observed that the teeth and the degree of torsional flexure of the ends 46 are exaggerated in Figs. 4 and 5 to better illustrate the way in which a lamp harp embodying my invention is manipulated.
The protuberances and elongated openings also may be disposed on the inside of the harp frame, as shown in Figs. 6 through 8, wherein all the harp parts are otherwise like the parts in Figs. 1-5, and are denoted by the same numerals primed.
It also will be appreciated that if desired one of the protuberances 44 and its associated elongated opening 42 may be located on-the outer side of the harp and the other of the protuberances 44 and its associated elongated opening 42' may be disposed on the inner sideof the harp.
In Figs. 9-13 I have shown a lamp harp embodying another modified form of my invention. This harp is much like the harp shown in Figs. 6-8 and all similar parts are denoted byth same numerals double primed. Y
The harp 26" has a frame 28" identical with the frame 28'. However, the bracket 30 differs slightly from the bracket 30'. Basically this difference resides in the provision of a much narrower tooth 50''. It will be noted that the tooth 50' (see Fig. 7) is quite wide at both its tip and base, and as a matter of fact extends all the way from the offset portion 52' to the upper edge of the socket. However, the teeth 50 terminate a substantial distance short of the upper edges of the sockets so that, when the two parts of the harp 26". are put together, the frame ends are not torsionally flexed until they have descended a substantial distance into the sockets.
The sockets 35", 38" also have much wider elongated openings than the openings 42. In? deed, said sockets are of a substantially .U- shaped cross-section above and below the teeth 50",whereas the sockets 36', 38' are of substantially circular cross-section with not much more than a quadrant cut away to provide the openings 42'.
It will also be noted that the elongated open-1 ings 42" have no closure or bottom shoulder to limit the downward travel of the harp ends,'a difierent means for this purpose being provided in the harp 26''. Such means-comprises the angularly extending bracket arms 49 a ainst which the lower ends of the harp frame abutas soon as the protuberances44"1havecleared the teeth 50".
It should be noted that coupling of the frame 28" and bracket so niay be facilitated by so fashioning the frame that its *ends when uncoupled are spread apart further than the sockets, thus causing said ends to maintain themselves in the sockets during coupling before the pro tubei ahces have reached the teeth.
It 'will'thh-s-be seen thatI have provided "l'amp "harps which achieve the several objects of my invention and are welladapted to meet the con- =dition-s (if-practical use.
As various possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various possible changes might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein described or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
This application is a continuation in part of my application Serial No, 610,237, filed August 11, 1945, now abandoned,
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A take apart lamp harp comprising a bracket having two spaced elongated socket members, a harp frame having two torsionally resilient end members each associated with and adapted to be slidably and rotatably received in one of said socket members, and means to detachably secure said frame to said bracket, said means including a protuberance on at least one of said members and a longitudinal opening extending from an edge of the member associated therewith, said opening having a tooth extending from one edge thereof part way across toward the outer edge and being spaced from said other edge a distance sufficient to pass said protuberance, said protuberance being slightly out of line with the portion of the opening between the tip of the tooth and the opposite edge of the opening when said end members are aligned with said socket members, said protuberance at such time being disposed on the same side of the opening as the base of the tooth, whereby said harp frame can be coupled or uncoupled by torsionally twisting the harp frame about an axis between the two end members so as to torsionally flex the end members in their associated sockets to an extent sufficient to enable the protuberance to clear the tip of the tooth.
2. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 1, wherein means is provided to limit the movement of the end members into the socket members.
3. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 1, wherein means is provided to torsionally flex the end members with which the protuberance is associated as the end members are thrust into the socket members, in a direction and. to an extent suflicient to cause the protuberance to clear the tip of the tooth.
4. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 1, wherein each set of associated members has a protuberance, a longitudinal opening and a tooth, both protuberances being on the outside of the lamp harp, and the teeth extending in opposite directions across the elongated openings.
5. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 1, wherein each set of associated members has a protuberance, a longitudinal opening and a tooth, both protuberances being on the inside of the harp frame, and the teeth extending in opposite directions across the elongated openings.
6. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 1, wherein the tooth extends across the opening .in Ithe some infraction :that the and member emcee when :tii'e :harp drama is torsional twisted forms-coupling, i
takeatpart lamp harp .as set rforth in claim 1, wherein aeachsetof associated members has a protuberance, a longitudinal opening and a tooth, and wherein the teeth extend across the openings in the same directions that thewend members 'are rotated when the harp frame is torsionally twisted for uncoupling.
8. A take-apart lamp harp comprising a bracket having two spaced elongated sockets, a harp frame having two torsionally resilient ends each associated with and adapted to be slidably and rotatably received 'in one of said sockets, and means to detachably secure said frame to said bracket, said means including a protuberance on at least one of said ends and a longitudinal opening extending from the upper edge of the socket associated therewith, said opening having a tooth extending from one edge thereof part way across toward the other edge and being spaced from said other edge a distance sufficient to pass said protuberance, said protuberance being slightly out of line with the portion of the opening between the tip of the tooth and the opposite edge of the opening when said ends are aligned with said sockets, said protuberance at such time being disposed on the same side of the opening at the base of the tooth, whereby said harp frame can be coupled or uncoupled by torsionally twisting the harp frame about an axis between the two ends so as to torsionally flex the ends in their associated sockets to an extent suflicient to enable the protuberance to clear the tip of the tooth when said ends are aligned with said sockets.
9. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 8, wherein means is provided to limit the insertion of said frame ends into said sockets after said protuberance passes said tooth.
10. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 8, wherein the upper edge of the tooth is sloped to engage the protuberance as the frame and bracket are coupled, whereby to torsionally flex the end member having the protuberance in a direction to cause said protuberance to clear said tooth.
11. A take-apart lamp harp comprising a bracket having two spaced elongated sockets, each of said sockets being a U-shaped cross-section with the open sides thereof defining a longitudinal opening extending toward the center of the lamp harp, a harp frame havingtwo torsionally resilient end members each associated with and adapted to be slidably received in one of said sockets, and means to detachably secure said frame to said bracket, said means including ,a protuberance on the inner side of each of said frame ends and a tooth extending from an edge of each of said longitudinal openings part way across to the opposite edge of said opening and being spaced from said other edge a distance sufficient to pass said protuberance, said protuberance being slightly out of line with the portion of the opening between the tip of the tooth and the opposite edge of the opening when said ends are aligned with said sockets, said protuberance at such time being disposed on the same side of the opening as the base of the tooth, whereby said harp frame can be coupled "or uncoupled by torsionally twisting the harp frame about an axis between the two ends so as to torsionally flex the end members in their associated sockets to an extent sufficient to enable the protuberances to clear the tips of the teeth,
the upper edges of the teeth being sloped to cam the protuberance and torsionally flex the frame ends, during insertion of the ends into the sockets, a distance sufllcient to enable the protuberances to clear the teeth.
12. A take-apart lamp harp as set forth in claim 11, wherein the upper edges of the teeth are spaced below the upper edges of the sockets.
KORNEL BERGER.
The following references are file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Yentis et a1 May 12, 1925 Auerbach Feb. 13, 1934 Lee! Oct. 1, 1948 Engel May 13, 1947
US684229A 1946-07-17 1946-07-17 Lamp harp Expired - Lifetime US2435954A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2670432A (en) * 1951-10-24 1954-02-23 Gen Electric Lamp socket and harp assembly
US2895041A (en) * 1956-12-03 1959-07-14 Carl Wildey Lamp harp
US4096556A (en) * 1976-11-04 1978-06-20 Berger Industries, Inc. Lamp harp
US20050276055A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-15 Ronald Bauer Lamp harp mount

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1537789A (en) * 1924-04-14 1925-05-12 Yentis Louis Lamp-shade holder
US1946959A (en) * 1933-06-16 1934-02-13 M S Greenwald Adjustable lamp shade support
US2408522A (en) * 1945-03-24 1946-10-01 Leef David Lamp harp
US2420471A (en) * 1945-09-15 1947-05-13 Domenico Caimi Swivel harp for lamp shades

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1537789A (en) * 1924-04-14 1925-05-12 Yentis Louis Lamp-shade holder
US1946959A (en) * 1933-06-16 1934-02-13 M S Greenwald Adjustable lamp shade support
US2408522A (en) * 1945-03-24 1946-10-01 Leef David Lamp harp
US2420471A (en) * 1945-09-15 1947-05-13 Domenico Caimi Swivel harp for lamp shades

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2670432A (en) * 1951-10-24 1954-02-23 Gen Electric Lamp socket and harp assembly
US2895041A (en) * 1956-12-03 1959-07-14 Carl Wildey Lamp harp
US4096556A (en) * 1976-11-04 1978-06-20 Berger Industries, Inc. Lamp harp
US20050276055A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-15 Ronald Bauer Lamp harp mount
US7083310B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2006-08-01 Ronald Bauer Lamp harp mount

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