US2300181A - Means for constructing buildings - Google Patents

Means for constructing buildings Download PDF

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Publication number
US2300181A
US2300181A US344056A US34405640A US2300181A US 2300181 A US2300181 A US 2300181A US 344056 A US344056 A US 344056A US 34405640 A US34405640 A US 34405640A US 2300181 A US2300181 A US 2300181A
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means
members
blocks
walls
building
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US344056A
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Harold L Spaight
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Harold L Spaight
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4178Masonry wall ties
    • E04B1/4185Masonry wall ties for cavity walls with both wall leaves made of masonry
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/04Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements
    • E04B2/06Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/10Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S52/00Static structures, e.g. buildings
    • Y10S52/07Synthetic building materials, reinforcements and equivalents

Description

l H l 6 w m M w 0 M 3 m W w, K mw. 4 2 f... Q e .e P. M fw@ I I I I I 1,. v.\- H i H. L. SPAIGHT MEANS FOR CONSTRUCTING BUILDINGS F l d J ly 5 1940 Oct. 27, 1942.

Patented Oct. 27, 1942 2,300,181 MEANS Foa coNsTRUcTlNG BUILDINGS Harold L spaighi, cedar Rapids, Iowa Application July 5, 1940, serial No. 344,050

(ci. rfa- 103) 1 Claim.

This invention relates to building construction and has particular relation to a means for and a method of reinforcing masonry joints primarily for the purpose of preventing cracks in the Walls due to subsequent settling.

More and more attention is being directed to that type of building structure The pre-moulded units under consideration include cement and cinder blocks, and particularly blocks embodying a new type of sound absorbent and insulating material commercially known as Waylite, as well as clay tile and even standard brick.

It has been my experience that Walls employing such pre-formed masonry units are more susceptible to subsequent cracking, particularly around door and window openings, than walls of monolithic construction.

Building Walls of this typeof unit construction, however, have numerous inherent advantages not enjoyed by walls employing other types of material.

customary structure.

Other and further features and lobjects of my invention will be more apparent to those skilled in the art upon a consideration of the accomand following specification, wherein is disclosed a. single exemplary embodiment of the invention, with the understanding, however, that such changes may be made therein as fall within the scope/of the appended claim, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

In said drawing:

Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a joint reinforcement and tie member constructed in accordance with a preferred embodiment of my invention.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary view of a building wall enploying joint reinforcement and tie members such as illustrated in Figure 1 with a. portion of the wall broken away to better illustrate the arrangement and the method of applying the tie members, and

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view in perspective of a brick wall in which reinforcing and tie members, such as shown in Figure 1, have been employed.

Referring now larly to Figure 1 to these drawings, and particuthereof; I have shown at I0 a a reinforcement and tie member adapted to be applied in accordance with the method hereinafter described.

The size of building blocks of the type describer has been more or less standardized at eight by eight by sixteen inches. Such blocks are usually provided with vertically extending in order to reduce the weight ofthe Ordinarily the diameters of the openings I5 are such and they are so spaced that the minimum distance between the walls of and the side walls of the block The blocks are blocks.

is about two usually laid so that the openings extend vertically.

l'VIy invention contemplates the embedding of a These rods, indicated at II and I2 in l Figure 1, may be spaced apart approximately six inches as a standard size and joined together and fastened at each bend to one of the longitudinalrods II and and as indicated at It will be obvious employed in securing to the longitudinal I4, I 6 and II.

that other means may be the cross members or braces channels or openings I5 for dead air spaces and I 2 by spot Welding or the like n illustrated in the elevational and sectional view of a representative type masonry wall (Figure 2).

The building blocks I8 are set in mortar :and

built up from a substantial footing I9 and the joints between the blocks in vertically adjacent courses are usually staggered as shown and in accordance with usual practice. Where door or window openings are left,A the lintel 2| and the sill 22 may be either building or concrete block of the required length or may be of concrete or the like cast in place. y

I have frequently noted cracks in nished structures of this nature, such as those shown in dotted lines at 23. 'Ihese cracks usually appear only after the building has had time to settle. These cracks have appeared to be practically unavoidable but I have found that, with my mortar joint reinforcement and tie member, these cracks, and particularly those radiating outwardly from door and window openings, are substantially eliminated.

It is preferable that reinforcing members be embedded in the mortar joints just above all door openings and in the joints just below the sills in window openings'. It is also usually desirable that additional reinforcing members be located throughout the wall or between every third or fourth course of blocks.

These reinforcing members preferably extend entirely"x around a building except Where interrupted by window, door or other openings. It will be apparent that such members may be readily formed to extend around a corner as shown :at 24. One rod l2 of the reinforcing member is cut as indicated at 26 in Figure 1, and the other rod H bent as at I6 and as shown at 24 in Figure 2. The

cut ends 25 of the rod I2 are permitted to extend f toward the other or uncut rod and thus serve to doubly reinforce the corner blocks and joints. Figure 3 illustrates the manner in. which devices constructed in accordance with my invention may be incorporated in brick walls. The

members I0 may be embedded in the mortar joints at every six to eight courses, and the wall is thus reinforced against cracking as previously described. In addition, the members l0 may be utilized as spacers between the outer portion 21 of the wall and its backing 28. Entirely hollow walls may be thus provided without the use of numerous bricks or masonry tie members which may, in themselves, transfer a considerable amount of heat through the wall. It will be apparent that the elimination of these brick tie members will permit the use of extremely simple brick work at a considerable saving in labor cost.

I have devised a means and method for reinforcing masonry walls which, although extremely simple and inexpensive to use, eliminates certain deficiencies more or less inherent in walls of the natureiuescribed. Such reinforcement members' offer no obstacles to the workman and are easy to handle.

Although I have described a specific embodiment of my invention, it is apparent that modiications thereofl may be made by those skilled in the art.' Such modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention as set forth in the appended claim.

lI claim as my invention:

For use in a wall having courses of blocks, means for tying together the courses including a pair of spaced-apart parallel-extending side rods, and means for joining the side rods cornprising a third rod formed in fiat zig-zag shape with the bends on opposite sides of the zig-zag member welded to the two side rods in a plane displaced from the plane of the two side rods whereby the thickness of the tying means at the joint between side members and zig-zag members is the thickness of the zig-zag member and a side rod thereby forming means for supporting the zig-zag member out of contact with the supporting course of blocks and permitting cement tov flow freely around the tying member.

HAROLD L. SPAIGHT.

US344056A 1940-07-05 1940-07-05 Means for constructing buildings Expired - Lifetime US2300181A (en)

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Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470917A (en) * 1946-04-26 1949-05-24 Christensen Aage Building wall of plastic filled sectional blocks
US2869356A (en) * 1955-08-23 1959-01-20 Carter Waters Corp Control joint for building blocks
US2929238A (en) * 1957-04-23 1960-03-22 Karl H Kaye Masonry joint mesh strip
US3059380A (en) * 1959-09-28 1962-10-23 Henry T Holsman Block wall reinforcement
US3140494A (en) * 1961-07-31 1964-07-14 Magidson Herbert Stiffening means
US3300939A (en) * 1963-10-17 1967-01-31 Dur O Wal National Inc Combination adjustable tie and joint reinforcement for wall constructions
US3348354A (en) * 1965-08-04 1967-10-24 Dur O Wal National Inc Masonry reinforcement
US3530632A (en) * 1968-04-03 1970-09-29 Mangum W Sloan Precast masonry wall panel and method of precasting same
FR2217504A1 (en) * 1973-02-08 1974-09-06 Bekaert Sa Nv
EP0681071A1 (en) * 1994-05-04 1995-11-08 Walter Zeller Reinforcing grid for masonry joints and installation for its manufacture
US6629393B2 (en) 2001-08-13 2003-10-07 James J. Pignataro Masonry reinforcing tie
US20100101166A1 (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-04-29 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Reinforcing spacer device
WO2012146793A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 Geo-Hidrol, S.A. Framework for structural use
US20130014462A1 (en) * 2011-06-21 2013-01-17 Nv Bekaert Sa Method of reducing the width of cracks in masonry
US8667757B1 (en) 2013-03-11 2014-03-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8726596B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-05-20 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength partially compressed veneer ties and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8726597B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-05-20 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength veneer tie and thermally isolated anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8733049B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2014-05-27 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Dual pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8733055B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2014-05-27 Nv Bekaert Sa Masonry with steel reinforcement strip having spacers
US8739485B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2014-06-03 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Low profile pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8800241B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-08-12 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US8833003B1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-16 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength rectangular wire veneer tie and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8839581B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-09-23 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength partially compressed low profile veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8839587B2 (en) 2012-03-14 2014-09-23 Columbia Insurance Company Mounting arrangement for panel veneer structures
US8844229B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-09-30 Columbia Insurance Company Channel anchor with insulation holder and anchoring system using the same
US8863460B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2014-10-21 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8881488B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2014-11-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength ribbon loop anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8898980B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-12-02 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8904730B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-12-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Thermally-isolated anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8904731B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Laser configured hook column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8904726B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Vertically adjustable disengagement prevention veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8904727B1 (en) 2013-10-15 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength vertically compressed veneer tie anchoring systems utilizing and the same
US8910445B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-12-16 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally isolated anchoring system
US8978326B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8978330B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company Pullout resistant swing installation tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US9038351B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9038350B2 (en) 2013-10-04 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company One-piece dovetail veneer tie and wall anchoring system with in-cavity thermal breaks
US9121169B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-09-01 Columbia Insurance Company Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity ceramic and ceramic-based thermal breaks
US9140001B1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-09-22 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9260857B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-02-16 Columbia Insurance Company Fail-safe anchoring systems for cavity walls
US9273461B1 (en) 2015-02-23 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal veneer tie and anchoring system
US9334646B2 (en) 2014-08-01 2016-05-10 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally-isolated anchoring systems with split tail veneer tie for cavity walls
US9458626B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2016-10-04 Columbia Insurance Company Laser configured column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US10202754B2 (en) 2015-12-04 2019-02-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
USD846973S1 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-04-30 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US10407892B2 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-09-10 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2470917A (en) * 1946-04-26 1949-05-24 Christensen Aage Building wall of plastic filled sectional blocks
US2869356A (en) * 1955-08-23 1959-01-20 Carter Waters Corp Control joint for building blocks
US2929238A (en) * 1957-04-23 1960-03-22 Karl H Kaye Masonry joint mesh strip
US3059380A (en) * 1959-09-28 1962-10-23 Henry T Holsman Block wall reinforcement
US3140494A (en) * 1961-07-31 1964-07-14 Magidson Herbert Stiffening means
US3300939A (en) * 1963-10-17 1967-01-31 Dur O Wal National Inc Combination adjustable tie and joint reinforcement for wall constructions
US3348354A (en) * 1965-08-04 1967-10-24 Dur O Wal National Inc Masonry reinforcement
US3530632A (en) * 1968-04-03 1970-09-29 Mangum W Sloan Precast masonry wall panel and method of precasting same
FR2217504A1 (en) * 1973-02-08 1974-09-06 Bekaert Sa Nv
CH690188A5 (en) * 1994-05-04 2000-05-31 Walter Zeller Reinforcing mesh for masonry joints.
EP0681071A1 (en) * 1994-05-04 1995-11-08 Walter Zeller Reinforcing grid for masonry joints and installation for its manufacture
US6629393B2 (en) 2001-08-13 2003-10-07 James J. Pignataro Masonry reinforcing tie
US8733055B2 (en) 2008-10-13 2014-05-27 Nv Bekaert Sa Masonry with steel reinforcement strip having spacers
US20100101166A1 (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-04-29 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Reinforcing spacer device
US8051619B2 (en) 2008-10-27 2011-11-08 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Reinforcing spacer device
WO2012146793A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2012-11-01 Geo-Hidrol, S.A. Framework for structural use
CN103620131A (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-03-05 Geo-海卓尔股份公司 Framework for structural use
US9121170B2 (en) * 2011-04-29 2015-09-01 Geo-Hidrol, S.A. Framework for structural use
EP2719842A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-04-16 Geo-Hidrol, S.A. Framework for structural use
EP2719842A4 (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-10-08 Geo Hidrol S A Framework for structural use
US20140165494A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2014-06-19 Luis Adell Lopez Framework for structural use
US20130014462A1 (en) * 2011-06-21 2013-01-17 Nv Bekaert Sa Method of reducing the width of cracks in masonry
US8733049B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2014-05-27 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Dual pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8839587B2 (en) 2012-03-14 2014-09-23 Columbia Insurance Company Mounting arrangement for panel veneer structures
US8904730B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-12-09 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Thermally-isolated anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8726596B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-05-20 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength partially compressed veneer ties and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8800241B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2014-08-12 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US9273460B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US9732514B2 (en) 2012-03-21 2017-08-15 Columbia Insurance Company Backup wall reinforcement with T-type anchor
US8739485B2 (en) 2012-06-28 2014-06-03 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Low profile pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8839581B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-09-23 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength partially compressed low profile veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8726597B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-05-20 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength veneer tie and thermally isolated anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8898980B2 (en) 2012-09-15 2014-12-02 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Pullout resistant pintle and anchoring system utilizing the same
US9340968B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2016-05-17 Columbia Insurance Company Anchoring system having high-strength ribbon loop anchor
US8881488B2 (en) 2012-12-26 2014-11-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. High-strength ribbon loop anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8904731B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Laser configured hook column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US9534376B2 (en) 2013-02-28 2017-01-03 Columbia Insurance Company Laser configured hook column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US9624659B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2017-04-18 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9038351B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks for cavity walls
US9458626B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2016-10-04 Columbia Insurance Company Laser configured column anchors and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US9080327B2 (en) * 2013-03-08 2015-07-14 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US20150033651A1 (en) * 2013-03-08 2015-02-05 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8863460B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2014-10-21 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally coated wall anchor and anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8667757B1 (en) 2013-03-11 2014-03-11 Mitek Holdings, Inc. Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8833003B1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-16 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength rectangular wire veneer tie and anchoring systems utilizing the same
US8978326B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
USD756762S1 (en) 2013-03-12 2016-05-24 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US8910445B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-12-16 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally isolated anchoring system
US8844229B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-09-30 Columbia Insurance Company Channel anchor with insulation holder and anchoring system using the same
US9260857B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-02-16 Columbia Insurance Company Fail-safe anchoring systems for cavity walls
US8904726B1 (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company Vertically adjustable disengagement prevention veneer tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US8978330B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-03-17 Columbia Insurance Company Pullout resistant swing installation tie and anchoring system utilizing the same
US9121169B2 (en) 2013-07-03 2015-09-01 Columbia Insurance Company Veneer tie and wall anchoring systems with in-cavity ceramic and ceramic-based thermal breaks
US9038350B2 (en) 2013-10-04 2015-05-26 Columbia Insurance Company One-piece dovetail veneer tie and wall anchoring system with in-cavity thermal breaks
US8904727B1 (en) 2013-10-15 2014-12-09 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength vertically compressed veneer tie anchoring systems utilizing and the same
US9140001B1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-09-22 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9758958B2 (en) 2014-06-24 2017-09-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor
US9334646B2 (en) 2014-08-01 2016-05-10 Columbia Insurance Company Thermally-isolated anchoring systems with split tail veneer tie for cavity walls
US9273461B1 (en) 2015-02-23 2016-03-01 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal veneer tie and anchoring system
US10407892B2 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-09-10 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor and anchoring system utilizing the same
USD846973S1 (en) 2015-09-17 2019-04-30 Columbia Insurance Company High-strength partition top anchor
US10202754B2 (en) 2015-12-04 2019-02-12 Columbia Insurance Company Thermal wall anchor

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